Poland Population 2018

38,075,616

Poland, which is called the Republic of Poland in the official books, is located in Central Europe. To its west is Germany, to its south are Slovakia and the Czech Republic, and to the east are Ukraine and Belarus. The northern border is comprised of the Baltic Sea, Kaliningrad Oblast, Lithuania and the Russian exclave. The country constitutes a total area of 312,679 km2, which makes it the 69th largest country of the world and the ninth largest in all of Europe. Poland is a unitary state comprised of 16 voivodeships.

Capital of Poland and Languages in Use

The capital of Poland is Warsaw, and its official language is Polish. Another language that exists on a more regional basis is Kashubian. The population of Warsaw is currently at 1,702,139 individuals.

Recent Population and Population Density

According to figures calculated by the Polish Central Statistical Office, Poland had a population of 37,115,000 people by the end of 2007. This made the average population density equal to 122 people / km2. Of this number, 61.5% of the people belonged to urban areas. The male population of the country is about 48.2%, and the remaining 51.8% belongs to the female population.

In 2018, these numbers can be updated to a density of 121 people per square kilometer.

Population Growth in Poland

Unlike numerous countries in the rest of the world, the population of Poland is not increasing at a very high rate. It had a negative growth rate of .05% every year until 2007. This means that the population, instead of increasing, was decreasing every year. After 2007, the growth rate varied and the population grew slightly, but for the majority of the time, it was still decreasing. Even today, the growth rate is much less compared to that of many other countries. According to the estimates made in 2012, the growth rate is only at 1.19% today.

Poland Population History

The population of the Republic of Poland was at only 1 million around the year 1000. This figure doubled by 1370 and gave Poland a population density of 8.6 people per square km. The country was affected comparatively little by the Black Death than the rest of Western Europe, which is why its population didn’t fall as much and continued to rise. By 1490, Poland’s population had jumped up to about 8 million inhabitants. Urbanization in the country further increased the population due to the innumerous migrations. By 1815, there were 11 million Poles in the territory; but due to the 3 partitions after 1772, the population was distributed among different countries.

However, the population still struggled to revive. Even after the millions of deaths in the Second World War, the census held in 1946 indicated a total population of 23,930,000. Out of this, 32% of the people were living in cities and towns and in urban areas, whereas 68% of the people were living in the countryside. The population further grew until recently, when it finally started decreasing because of a negative growth rate.

Life Expectancy

The life expectancy rate has often been in the favor of deaths, especially during the World War. The growth rate also stayed negative until around 2007, but recently the stats have changed. The growth rate has now become 1.19%, which is the estimate calculated in 2012. The birth rate in 2012 was estimated to be 9.96 per 1000 people. The death rate was calculated as 9.24 deaths per 1000 deaths, which is still very close to the birth rate. The fertility rate has been decreasing since 2008, which at that point was 1.39 children born per woman and has now reached 1.31 children born per woman.

In 2018, these numbers are now updated to reflect a median age of 40.7 years of age, with a total life expectancy of 77.8 years of age. The death rate is at 10.4 per 1,000 individuals, over a full point up from previous calculations. The birth rate is now at 9.5 births per 1,000 individuals, indicating another decrease in the natural growth rate. The fertility rate is currently at 1.35 children per woman, which is a much smaller decrease than similar recent statistics in this arena.

Demographics

The sex ratio at the time of birth between men and women is 1.06 males / female. For the age group under 15 years, it is 1.06 males / female. For the next age group, which is 15-64 years, it is 0.99 male / female. For the last age group, which is 65 years and over, the sex ratio is calculated to be about 0.62 male / female. When combined, this data gives an overall ratio of 0.94 male per female.

The infant mortality rate is estimated to be 6.42 deaths / 1000 live births for the total, with 7.12 deaths for the males and 5.67 deaths for the females per 1000 live births.

87% of the population follows a Catholic religious path, while small percentages follow Protestant, Orthodox, and other religions.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 2 minutes
One death every 1 minutes
One net migrant every 53 minutes
Net loss of one person every 8 minutes

Poland Population in 2018Source: By Radek Kolakowski [CC0], from Wikimedia Commons

Poland Population Pyramid 2018

50,000100,000150,000200,000250,000300,000350,000Poland Male Population50,000100,000150,000200,000250,000300,000350,000Poland Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Poland Population by Age

There are 31,423,925 adults in Poland.

Census Years

Year Date
202130 June 2021
201130 June 2011
200220 May 2002
19886 December 1988

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Poland Population Growth

The future of the population of Poland is a very controversial topic. A lot of predictions and forecasts have been presented, but none of them are worthy of being considered authentic. This is because of the insufficient data available from the past that was used to make all those predictions. This indicates uncertainty in the future of Poland’s population as no one can predict with 100% confidence what it may be.

About Poland

Official NameRepublic of Poland
Languages SpokenPolish
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude5220
Currencies UsedPoland Zloty
DemonymPolish

Poland Population Density

Poland Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Warsaw1,702,139
Lodz768,755
Krakow755,050
Wroclaw634,893
Poznan570,352
Gdansk461,865
Szczecin407,811
Bydgoszcz366,452
Lublin360,044
Katowice317,316
Bialystok291,855
Gdynia253,730
Czestochowa248,125
Sosnowiec227,295
Radom226,794
Mokotow212,670
Torun208,717
Kielce208,598
Gliwice198,835
Zabrze192,177

Poland Population Clock

The population of Poland (as of 12/13/2018)?38,075,616
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)38,104,832
Births Per Day945
Deaths Per Day1,094
Net Migrations Per Day -27
Net Change Per Day -176
Population Change Since January 1st-61,072

Poland Population Estimator

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Estimate as of December 13th 2018 is: 38,070,225

Poland Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201838,104,83248.29%51.71%121.8737-0.17%
201738,170,71248.29%51.71%122.0837-0.14%
201638,224,41048.30%51.70%122.2536-0.11%
201538,265,22648.30%51.70%122.3836-0.03%
201038,323,40248.35%51.65%122.5633-0.02%
200538,362,66648.42%51.58%122.6932-0.10%
200038,550,49548.55%51.45%123.29300.05%
199538,452,63248.64%51.36%122.98290.26%
199037,954,55348.70%51.30%121.39270.44%
198537,128,71748.73%51.27%118.74270.88%
198035,535,10848.66%51.34%113.65250.91%
197533,966,57248.64%51.36%108.63240.80%
197032,635,55748.56%51.44%104.37230.80%
196531,357,72648.50%51.50%100.29201.15%
196029,611,55648.37%51.63%94.70191.66%
195527,269,74947.97%52.03%87.21191.90%
195024,824,01847.66%52.34%79.39180.00%

Poland Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202037,942,23148.28%51.72%121.35380.00%
202537,373,18348.26%51.74%119.5341-0.30%
203036,615,50048.23%51.77%117.1049-0.41%
203535,691,75548.21%51.79%114.1553-0.51%
204034,654,57948.25%51.75%110.8356-0.59%
204533,544,89148.36%51.64%107.2858-0.65%
205032,390,03748.50%51.50%103.5963-0.70%
205531,204,24148.61%51.39%99.8064-0.74%
206029,980,89748.68%51.32%95.8866-0.80%
206528,694,88748.72%51.28%91.7769-0.87%
207027,360,43448.77%51.23%87.5069-0.95%
207526,035,14248.85%51.15%83.2670-0.99%
208024,799,54948.98%51.02%79.3173-0.97%
208523,708,61549.13%50.87%75.8273-0.90%
209022,773,78849.25%50.75%72.8375-0.80%
209521,965,75349.34%50.66%70.2576-0.72%
Data Sources
  1. Polish Official Statistics
  2. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 2002 and 2011 censuses, with official population estimates through 2015, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer