Poland Population 2017

38,559,793

Poland, which is called the Republic of Poland in the official books, is located in Central Europe. To its west is Germany, to its south are Slovakia and the Czech Republic, and to the east are Ukraine and Belarus. The northern border is comprised of the Baltic Sea, Kaliningrad Oblast, Lithuania and the Russian exclave. The country constitutes a total area of 312,679 km2, which makes it the 69th largest country of the world and the ninth largest in all of Europe. Poland is a unitary state comprised of 16 voivodeships. The capital of Poland is Warsaw, which is located at 52°13′N 21°02′E. Its official language is Polish. Another language that exists on a more regional basis is Kashubian.

According to figures calculated by the Polish Central Statistical Office, Poland had a population of 37,115,000 people dwelling there by the end of 2007. This made the average population density equal to 122 people / km2. Of this number, 61.5% of the people belonged to urban areas. Currently, according to the latest estimates calculated by the Polish Central Statistical Office, the population of Poland has now reached 38.14 million people. This indicates an increase of 1 million people since 2007. The male population of the country is about 48.2%, and the remaining 51.8% belongs to the female population.

Unlike numerous countries in the rest of the world, the population of Poland is not increasing at a very high rate. It had a negative growth rate of .05% every year until 2007. This means that the population, instead of increasing, was decreasing every year. After 2007, the growth rate varied and the population grew slightly, but for the majority of the time, it was still decreasing. Even today, the growth rate is much less compared to that of many other countries. According to the estimates made in 2012, the growth rate is only at 1.19% today.

Poland Population History

The population of the Republic of Poland was at only 1 million around the year 1000. This figure doubled by 1370 and gave Poland a population density of 8.6 people per square km. The country was affected comparatively little by the Black Death than the rest of Western Europe, which is why its population didn’t fall as much and continued to rise. By 1490, Poland’s population had jumped up to about 8 million inhabitants. Urbanization in the country further increased the population due to the innumerous migrations. By 1815, there were 11 million Poles in the territory; but due to the 3 partitions after 1772, the population was distributed among different countries.

However, the population still struggled to revive. Even after the millions of deaths in the Second World War, the census held in 1946 indicated a total population of 23,930,000. Out of this, 32% of the people were living in cities and towns and in urban areas, whereas 68% of the people were living in the countryside. The population further grew until recently, when it finally started decreasing because of a negative growth rate.

Life Expectancy

The life expectancy rate has often been in the favor of deaths, especially during the World War. The growth rate also stayed negative until around 2007, but recently the stats have changed. The growth rate has now become 1.19%, which is the estimate calculated in 2012. The birth rate in 2012 was estimated to be 9.96 per 1000 people. The death rate was calculated as 9.24 deaths per 1000 deaths, which is still very close to the birth rate. The fertility rate has been decreasing since 2008, which at that point was 1.39 children born per woman and has now reached 1.31 children born per woman.

Demographics

The median age of the total population is reported to be 38.5 years. Out of this, the median age for the male population was estimated to be 36.8 years, and for the female population it was reported to be 40.3 years.

The sex ratio at the time of birth between men and women is 1.06 males / female. For the age group under 15 years, it is 1.06 males / female. For the next age group, which is 15-64 years, it is 0.99 male / female. For the last age group, which is 65 years and over, the sex ratio is calculated to be about 0.62 male / female. When combined, this data gives an overall ratio of 0.94 male per female.

The infant mortality rate is estimated to be 6.42 deaths / 1000 live births for the total, with 7.12 deaths for the males and 5.67 deaths for the females per 1000 live births.

The life expectancy at the time of birth is 76.25 years. For the male population it is 72.31 years, and for the females it is 80.43 years.

Poland Population in 2017Source: Lemarx

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Poland Population Growth

The future of the population of Poland is a very controversial topic. A lot of predictions and forecasts have been presented, but none of them are worthy of being considered authentic. This is because of the insufficient data available from the past that was used to make all those predictions. This indicates uncertainty in the future of Poland’s population as no one can predict with 100% confidence what it may be.

About Poland

Official NameRepublic of Poland
Languages SpokenPolish
BordersBLR, CZE, DEU, LTU, RUS, SVK, UKR
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude5220
Currencies UsedPLN

Poland Population Density

Name Population
Dabrowa Tarnowska11,291
Wisla11,379
Puck11,415
Wronki11,462
Nowa Deba11,489
Czarnkow11,562
Miechow11,735
Brzeszcze11,787
Pinczow11,806
Janow Lubelski11,811
Kowary11,834
Wegorzewo11,864
Kozy11,920
Mysliborz12,092
Szydlowiec12,128
Milicz12,169
Krosno Odrzanskie12,178
Blonie12,195
Trzebnica12,212
Paslek12,267
Krynica-Zdroj12,270
Wolow12,276
Brzeziny12,289
Aleksandrow Kujawski12,290
Brwinow12,315
Mosina12,318
Strzelin12,394
Wolin12,438
Mogilno12,465
Wegrow12,512
Lubaczow12,595
Gora12,668
Brzeg Dolny12,689
Szprotawa12,786
Pyrzyce12,893
Golub-Dobrzyn12,937
Rabka-Zdroj13,071
Wlodawa13,142
Klobuck13,190
Zlocieniec13,337
Koluszki13,343
Zdzieszowice13,401
Slawno13,415
Niedobczyce13,500
Tuchola13,686
Wolsztyn13,689
Glubczyce13,697
Goldap13,769
Debno13,804
Grodzisk Wielkopolski13,826
Wabrzezno13,911
Lezajsk13,958
Znin14,008
Pszow14,028
Wilanow14,032
Chojnow14,209
Barlinek14,385
Darlowo14,398
Ostrzeszow14,446
Wschowa14,458
Slupca14,476
Limanowa14,714
Nidzica14,720
Morag14,745
Czluchow14,759
Kozle14,780
Skoczow14,810
Kepno14,813
Lipno14,821
Grojec14,880
Wladyslawowo14,889
Lubsko14,994
Cieplice Slaskie Zdroj15,000
Kartuzy15,002
Glowno15,103
Glucholazy15,120
Solec Kujawski15,125
Nowy Tomysl15,179
Ropczyce15,279
Jelcz15,308
Lomianki15,315
Jelcz Laskowice15,340
Chelmza15,403
Siemiatycze15,421
Leczyca15,528
Nisko15,573
Ustron15,637
Choszczno15,733
Milanowek15,784
Przeworsk15,805
Garwolin15,912
Olecko15,923
Radzyn Podlaski16,071
Swidwin16,076
Staszow16,137
Ustka16,250
Ledziny16,305
Zabkowice Slaskie16,321
Namyslow16,376
Lapy16,434
Lidzbark Warminski16,540
Konstancin-Jeziorna16,548
Rypin16,589
Zlotoryja16,612
Gubin16,629
Nowogard16,703
Przasnysz16,718
Gryfice16,720
Bytow16,724
Boguszow-Gorce16,726
Jedrzejow16,792
Brzesko16,866
Trzcianka16,914
Strzegom17,004
Busko-Zdroj17,095
Miedzyrzec Podlaski17,158
Radzionkow17,167
Konstantynow Lodzki17,415
Radlin17,479
Zielonka17,518
Slubice17,567
Pleszew17,640
Kobylka17,659
Myslenice17,686
Rawa Mazowiecka17,770
Deblin17,775
Libiaz17,834
Jozefow17,910
Oborniki17,915
Sulechow18,055
Kostrzyn nad Odra18,099
Reda18,116
Sokolow Podlaski18,241
Lancut18,266
Krapkowice18,275
Braniewo18,356
Zlotow18,395
Sulejowek18,414
Orzesze18,438
Lask18,577
Szamotuly18,588
Hrubieszow18,605
Miedzyrzecz18,669
Kozienice18,677
Wieliczka18,677
Bogatynia18,688
Trzebinia18,828
Sierpc18,866
Gostynin18,976
Pyskowice19,018
Pultusk19,039
Sokolka19,079
Pisz19,232
Wadowice19,238
Kety19,249
Krasnystaw19,532
Naklo nad Notecia19,565
Bierun19,659
Chodziez19,776
Pionki19,966
Wesola20,000
Strzelce Opolskie20,241
Tomaszow Lubelski20,261
Aleksandrow Lodzki20,292
Chelmno20,576
Ozorkow20,608
Konskie20,756
Gostyn20,771
Dzialdowo21,127
Gryfino21,270
Rawicz21,380
Polkowice21,565
Leczna21,719
Kamienna Gora21,743
Sroda Wielkopolska21,757
Swiebodzin21,757
Rydultowy21,887
Rembertow21,893
Andrychow21,954
Mragowo21,965
Laziska Gorne21,983
Hajnowka22,157
Plonsk22,217
Luban22,245
Goleniow22,505
Opoczno22,592
Ostrow Mazowiecka22,653
Grajewo22,803
Lubartow22,839
Zambrow22,857
Marki23,177
Swiebodzice23,228
Piastow23,290
Prudnik23,343
Koscierzyna23,361
Zabki23,473
Kolo23,493
Pruszcz Gdanski23,618
Skawina23,647
Jawor23,865
Koscian24,096
Lubliniec24,133
Bialogard24,265
Wielun24,384
Wagrowiec24,428
Nowa Ruda24,753
Kabaty25,000
Sandomierz25,087
Pszczyna25,288
Bartoszyce25,660
Jarocin25,665
Swiecie25,843
Walcz25,971
Kluczbork25,978
Szczytno26,044
Zagan26,251
Lubon26,431
Bielsk Podlaski26,493
Wyszkow26,628
Grodzisk Mazowiecki26,684
Bilgoraj26,987
Brodnica27,341
Zakopane27,580
Nowy Dwor Mazowiecki27,633
Klodzko27,941
Ketrzyn28,171
Gierloz28,351
Gorlice28,609
Wrzesnia28,703
Czerwionka-Leszczyny28,740
Swarzedz29,010
Bochnia29,184
Krotoszyn29,231
Mlawa29,398
Turek29,533
Augustow29,752
Lowicz29,809
Gizycko29,972
Srem30,404
Lukow30,465
Bielawa30,824
Olawa30,898
Zywiec32,132
Ilawa32,557
Zgorzelec33,247
Myszkow33,273
Ostroda33,524
Nowy Targ33,763
Dzierzoniow34,168
Czeladz34,308
Police34,350
Czechowice-Dziedzice34,703
Lebork35,161
Cieszyn35,586
Krasnik35,834
Wlochy36,276
Piaseczno36,278
Wolomin36,592
Olesnica36,956
Minsk Mazowiecki37,027
Kwidzyn37,601
Olkusz37,744
Jaslo37,851
Brzeg38,259
Sochaczew38,267
Szczecinek38,496
Malbork38,655
Zary38,779
Mikolow38,821
Chojnice39,407
Sanok39,684
Knurow39,744
Chrzanow39,973
Swidnik40,050
Jaroslaw40,134
Sopot40,142
Nowa Sol40,354
Boleslawiec40,682
Swinoujscie40,919
Oswiecim41,143
Zyrardow41,179
Otwock43,388
Kolobrzeg44,377
Sieradz44,436
Zdunska Wola44,515
Rumia44,791
Ciechanow46,438
Wejherowo46,820
Nysa47,283
Ursus47,285
Debica47,366
Krosno47,784
Starogard Gdanski48,202
Kutno48,323
Skierniewice49,042
Radomsko49,175
Skarzysko-Kamienna49,410
Wodzislaw Slaski49,521
Pulawy49,759
Tarnobrzeg50,459
Legionowo50,786
Zoliborz50,934
Zawiercie53,159
Starachowice53,739
Ostroleka53,740
Pruszkow55,371
Swietochlowice55,600
Elk55,769
Biala Podlaska57,541
Zgierz58,036
Bedzin58,236
Raciborz58,464
Piekary Slaskie59,757
Tczew60,133
Swidnica60,351
Tarnowskie Gory60,938
Mielec60,993
Wawer62,656
Belchatow62,896
Zory63,174
Leszno63,565
Lomza63,723
Kedzierzyn-Kozle65,636
Zamosc66,034
Stalowa Wola66,495
Przemysl67,013
Tomaszow Mazowiecki67,197
Chelm68,043
Glogow68,530
Suwalki69,222
Fordon70,000
Gniezno70,269
Pabianice70,542
Stargard Szczecinski71,224
Ostrow Wielkopolski72,898
Siemianowice Slaskie73,121
Ostrowiec Swietokrzyski73,989
Myslowice75,281
Pila75,532
Siedlce77,185
Lubin77,532
Inowroclaw77,597
Piotrkow Trybunalski80,128
Konin81,258
Nowy Sacz84,376
Jelenia Gora87,310
Bialoleka89,324
Praga Polnoc93,192
Ochota93,192
Jastrzebie Zdroj95,813
Jaworzno96,541
Slupsk98,608
Grudziadz99,486
Bemowo102,393
Legnica106,033
Koszalin107,450
Kalisz108,759
Chorzow113,430
Tarnow117,799
Zielona Gora118,433
Wloclawek120,339
Targowek124,316
Gorzow Wielkopolski124,430
Walbrzych127,431
Plock127,474
Elblag127,558
Opole127,676
Tychy130,000
Dabrowa Gornicza130,601
Srodmiescie134,306
Bielany134,854
Rybnik142,510
Wola143,996
Ruda Slaska146,189
Ursynow147,676
Rzeszow158,382
Olsztyn171,803
Bielsko-Biala176,515
Praga Poludnie187,845
Bytom189,186
Zabrze192,177
Gliwice198,835
Kielce208,598
Torun208,717
Mokotow212,670
Radom226,794
Sosnowiec227,295
Czestochowa248,125
Gdynia253,730
Bialystok291,855
Katowice317,316
Lublin360,044
Bydgoszcz366,452
Szczecin407,811
Gdansk461,865
Poznan570,352
Wroclaw634,893
Krakow755,050
Lodz768,755
Warsaw1,702,139

Poland Population Clock

What is the population of Poland (as of 10/16/2017)?38,559,793
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)38,563,573
Births Per Day203
Deaths Per Day217
Net Migrations Per Day -21
Net Change Per Day -35
Population Change Since January 1st-10,115

Poland Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 9.631 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 10.279 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.198 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 77.937 years
Male Life Expectancy 74.032 years
Female Life Expectancy 81.772 years
Total Fertility Rate 1.333 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.64 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.056 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 4.036 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 4.765 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.899 years
Rate of Natural Increase -0.864
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 2.395%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 3.419%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 1.325%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 11.753%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 16.521%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 6.805%
Median Age (Total) 40.3 years
Median Age (Female) 42 years
Median Age (Male) 38.6 years

Poland Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
201738,563,57348.35%51.65%126-0.11%
201538,611,79448.36%51.64%126-0.05%
201038,574,68248.40%51.60%1260.05%
200538,463,51448.47%51.53%1260.04%
200038,486,30548.54%51.46%126-0.05%
199538,591,86048.53%51.47%1260.02%
199038,195,25848.62%51.38%1250.27%
198537,486,10548.73%51.27%1220.58%
198035,782,85548.68%51.32%1171.01%
197534,168,11248.66%51.34%1120.88%
197032,816,750.999,999,99648.57%51.43%1070.77%
196531,539,69548.52%51.48%1030.90%
196029,716,36348.37%51.63%971.41%
195527,269,74547.97%52.03%891.88%
195024,824,01347.66%52.34%811.76%

Poland Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
202038,407,26648.33%51.67%125-0.20%
202537,923,79248.30%51.70%124-0.33%
203037,206,75348.28%51.72%121-0.46%
203536,297,42048.29%51.71%119-0.54%
204035,286,44948.34%51.66%115-0.59%
204534,228,09848.46%51.54%112-0.63%
205033,136,322.999,999,99648.60%51.40%108-0.67%
205532,009,54448.72%51.28%105-0.72%
206030,826,72948.80%51.20%101-0.80%
206529,563,96548.83%51.17%97-0.89%
207028,244,66448.89%51.11%92-0.94%
207526,937,13648.98%51.02%88-0.94%
208025,732,17349.14%50.86%84-0.87%
208524,680,33949.31%50.69%81-0.78%
209023,782,92849.45%50.55%78-0.69%
209523,000,53849.53%50.47%75-0.64%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations