Poland Population 2017

38,146,457

Poland, which is called the Republic of Poland in the official books, is located in Central Europe. To its west is Germany, to its south are Slovakia and the Czech Republic, and to the east are Ukraine and Belarus. The northern border is comprised of the Baltic Sea, Kaliningrad Oblast, Lithuania and the Russian exclave. The country constitutes a total area of 312,679 km2, which makes it the 69th largest country of the world and the ninth largest in all of Europe. Poland is a unitary state comprised of 16 voivodeships. The capital of Poland is Warsaw, and its official language is Polish. Another language that exists on a more regional basis is Kashubian.

According to figures calculated by the Polish Central Statistical Office, Poland had a population of 37,115,000 people by the end of 2007. This made the average population density equal to 122 people / km2. Of this number, 61.5% of the people belonged to urban areas. Currently, according to the latest estimates calculated by the Polish Central Statistical Office, the population of Poland has now reached 38.14 million people. This indicates an increase of 1 million people since 2007. The male population of the country is about 48.2%, and the remaining 51.8% belongs to the female population.

Unlike numerous countries in the rest of the world, the population of Poland is not increasing at a very high rate. It had a negative growth rate of .05% every year until 2007. This means that the population, instead of increasing, was decreasing every year. After 2007, the growth rate varied and the population grew slightly, but for the majority of the time, it was still decreasing. Even today, the growth rate is much less compared to that of many other countries. According to the estimates made in 2012, the growth rate is only at 1.19% today.

Poland Population History

The population of the Republic of Poland was at only 1 million around the year 1000. This figure doubled by 1370 and gave Poland a population density of 8.6 people per square km. The country was affected comparatively little by the Black Death than the rest of Western Europe, which is why its population didn’t fall as much and continued to rise. By 1490, Poland’s population had jumped up to about 8 million inhabitants. Urbanization in the country further increased the population due to the innumerous migrations. By 1815, there were 11 million Poles in the territory; but due to the 3 partitions after 1772, the population was distributed among different countries.

However, the population still struggled to revive. Even after the millions of deaths in the Second World War, the census held in 1946 indicated a total population of 23,930,000. Out of this, 32% of the people were living in cities and towns and in urban areas, whereas 68% of the people were living in the countryside. The population further grew until recently, when it finally started decreasing because of a negative growth rate.

Life Expectancy

The life expectancy rate has often been in the favor of deaths, especially during the World War. The growth rate also stayed negative until around 2007, but recently the stats have changed. The growth rate has now become 1.19%, which is the estimate calculated in 2012. The birth rate in 2012 was estimated to be 9.96 per 1000 people. The death rate was calculated as 9.24 deaths per 1000 deaths, which is still very close to the birth rate. The fertility rate has been decreasing since 2008, which at that point was 1.39 children born per woman and has now reached 1.31 children born per woman.

Demographics

The median age of the total population is reported to be 38.5 years. Out of this, the median age for the male population was estimated to be 36.8 years, and for the female population it was reported to be 40.3 years.

The sex ratio at the time of birth between men and women is 1.06 males / female. For the age group under 15 years, it is 1.06 males / female. For the next age group, which is 15-64 years, it is 0.99 male / female. For the last age group, which is 65 years and over, the sex ratio is calculated to be about 0.62 male / female. When combined, this data gives an overall ratio of 0.94 male per female.

The infant mortality rate is estimated to be 6.42 deaths / 1000 live births for the total, with 7.12 deaths for the males and 5.67 deaths for the females per 1000 live births.

The life expectancy at the time of birth is 76.25 years. For the male population it is 72.31 years, and for the females it is 80.43 years.

Poland Population in 2018Source: Lemarx

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Poland Population Growth

The future of the population of Poland is a very controversial topic. A lot of predictions and forecasts have been presented, but none of them are worthy of being considered authentic. This is because of the insufficient data available from the past that was used to make all those predictions. This indicates uncertainty in the future of Poland’s population as no one can predict with 100% confidence what it may be.

About Poland

Official NameRepublic of Poland
Languages SpokenPolish
BordersBLR, CZE, DEU, LTU, RUS, SVK, UKR
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude5220
Currencies UsedPLN

Poland Population Density

Name Population
Warsaw1,702,139
Lodz768,755
Krakow755,050
Wroclaw634,893
Poznan570,352
Gdansk461,865
Szczecin407,811
Bydgoszcz366,452
Lublin360,044
Katowice317,316
Bialystok291,855
Gdynia253,730
Czestochowa248,125
Sosnowiec227,295
Radom226,794
Mokotow212,670
Torun208,717
Kielce208,598
Gliwice198,835
Zabrze192,177
Bytom189,186
Praga Poludnie187,845
Bielsko-Biala176,515
Olsztyn171,803
Rzeszow158,382
Ursynow147,676
Ruda Slaska146,189
Wola143,996
Rybnik142,510
Bielany134,854
Srodmiescie134,306
Dabrowa Gornicza130,601
Tychy130,000
Opole127,676
Elblag127,558
Plock127,474
Walbrzych127,431
Gorzow Wielkopolski124,430
Targowek124,316
Wloclawek120,339
Zielona Gora118,433
Tarnow117,799
Chorzow113,430
Kalisz108,759
Koszalin107,450
Legnica106,033
Bemowo102,393
Grudziadz99,486
Slupsk98,608
Jaworzno96,541
Jastrzebie Zdroj95,813
Ochota93,192
Praga Polnoc93,192
Bialoleka89,324
Jelenia Gora87,310
Nowy Sacz84,376
Konin81,258
Piotrkow Trybunalski80,128
Inowroclaw77,597
Lubin77,532
Siedlce77,185
Pila75,532
Myslowice75,281
Ostrowiec Swietokrzyski73,989
Siemianowice Slaskie73,121
Ostrow Wielkopolski72,898
Stargard Szczecinski71,224
Pabianice70,542
Gniezno70,269
Fordon70,000
Suwalki69,222
Glogow68,530
Chelm68,043
Tomaszow Mazowiecki67,197
Przemysl67,013
Stalowa Wola66,495
Zamosc66,034
Kedzierzyn-Kozle65,636
Lomza63,723
Leszno63,565
Zory63,174
Belchatow62,896
Wawer62,656
Mielec60,993
Tarnowskie Gory60,938
Swidnica60,351
Tczew60,133
Piekary Slaskie59,757
Raciborz58,464
Bedzin58,236
Zgierz58,036
Biala Podlaska57,541
Elk55,769
Swietochlowice55,600
Pruszkow55,371
Ostroleka53,740
Starachowice53,739
Zawiercie53,159
Zoliborz50,934
Legionowo50,786
Tarnobrzeg50,459
Pulawy49,759
Wodzislaw Slaski49,521
Skarzysko-Kamienna49,410
Radomsko49,175
Skierniewice49,042
Kutno48,323
Starogard Gdanski48,202
Krosno47,784
Debica47,366
Ursus47,285
Nysa47,283
Wejherowo46,820
Ciechanow46,438
Rumia44,791
Zdunska Wola44,515
Sieradz44,436
Kolobrzeg44,377
Otwock43,388
Zyrardow41,179
Oswiecim41,143
Swinoujscie40,919
Boleslawiec40,682
Nowa Sol40,354
Sopot40,142
Jaroslaw40,134
Swidnik40,050
Chrzanow39,973
Knurow39,744
Sanok39,684
Chojnice39,407
Mikolow38,821
Zary38,779
Malbork38,655
Szczecinek38,496
Sochaczew38,267
Brzeg38,259
Jaslo37,851
Olkusz37,744
Kwidzyn37,601
Minsk Mazowiecki37,027
Olesnica36,956
Wolomin36,592
Piaseczno36,278
Wlochy36,276
Krasnik35,834
Cieszyn35,586
Lebork35,161
Czechowice-Dziedzice34,703
Police34,350
Czeladz34,308
Dzierzoniow34,168
Nowy Targ33,763
Ostroda33,524
Myszkow33,273
Zgorzelec33,247
Ilawa32,557
Zywiec32,132
Olawa30,898
Bielawa30,824
Lukow30,465
Srem30,404
Gizycko29,972
Lowicz29,809
Augustow29,752
Turek29,533
Mlawa29,398
Krotoszyn29,231
Bochnia29,184
Swarzedz29,010
Czerwionka-Leszczyny28,740
Wrzesnia28,703
Gorlice28,609
Gierloz28,351
Ketrzyn28,171
Klodzko27,941
Nowy Dwor Mazowiecki27,633
Zakopane27,580
Brodnica27,341
Bilgoraj26,987
Grodzisk Mazowiecki26,684
Wyszkow26,628
Bielsk Podlaski26,493
Lubon26,431
Zagan26,251
Szczytno26,044
Kluczbork25,978
Walcz25,971
Swiecie25,843
Jarocin25,665
Bartoszyce25,660
Pszczyna25,288
Sandomierz25,087
Kabaty25,000
Nowa Ruda24,753
Wagrowiec24,428
Wielun24,384
Bialogard24,265
Lubliniec24,133
Koscian24,096
Jawor23,865
Skawina23,647
Pruszcz Gdanski23,618
Kolo23,493
Zabki23,473
Koscierzyna23,361
Prudnik23,343
Piastow23,290
Swiebodzice23,228
Marki23,177
Zambrow22,857
Lubartow22,839
Grajewo22,803
Ostrow Mazowiecka22,653
Opoczno22,592
Goleniow22,505
Luban22,245
Plonsk22,217
Hajnowka22,157
Laziska Gorne21,983
Mragowo21,965
Andrychow21,954
Rembertow21,893
Rydultowy21,887
Swiebodzin21,757
Sroda Wielkopolska21,757
Kamienna Gora21,743
Leczna21,719
Polkowice21,565
Rawicz21,380
Gryfino21,270
Dzialdowo21,127
Gostyn20,771
Konskie20,756
Ozorkow20,608
Chelmno20,576
Aleksandrow Lodzki20,292
Tomaszow Lubelski20,261
Strzelce Opolskie20,241
Wesola20,000
Pionki19,966
Chodziez19,776
Bierun19,659
Naklo nad Notecia19,565
Krasnystaw19,532
Kety19,249
Wadowice19,238
Pisz19,232
Sokolka19,079
Pultusk19,039
Pyskowice19,018
Gostynin18,976
Sierpc18,866
Trzebinia18,828
Bogatynia18,688
Wieliczka18,677
Kozienice18,677
Miedzyrzecz18,669
Hrubieszow18,605
Szamotuly18,588
Lask18,577
Orzesze18,438
Sulejowek18,414
Zlotow18,395
Braniewo18,356
Krapkowice18,275
Lancut18,266
Sokolow Podlaski18,241
Reda18,116
Kostrzyn nad Odra18,099
Sulechow18,055
Oborniki17,915
Jozefow17,910
Libiaz17,834
Deblin17,775
Rawa Mazowiecka17,770
Myslenice17,686
Kobylka17,659
Pleszew17,640
Slubice17,567
Zielonka17,518
Radlin17,479
Konstantynow Lodzki17,415
Radzionkow17,167
Miedzyrzec Podlaski17,158
Busko-Zdroj17,095
Strzegom17,004
Trzcianka16,914
Brzesko16,866
Jedrzejow16,792
Boguszow-Gorce16,726
Bytow16,724
Gryfice16,720
Przasnysz16,718
Nowogard16,703
Gubin16,629
Zlotoryja16,612
Rypin16,589
Konstancin-Jeziorna16,548
Lidzbark Warminski16,540
Lapy16,434
Namyslow16,376
Zabkowice Slaskie16,321
Ledziny16,305
Ustka16,250
Staszow16,137
Swidwin16,076
Radzyn Podlaski16,071
Olecko15,923
Garwolin15,912
Przeworsk15,805
Milanowek15,784
Choszczno15,733
Ustron15,637
Nisko15,573
Leczyca15,528
Siemiatycze15,421
Chelmza15,403
Jelcz Laskowice15,340
Lomianki15,315
Jelcz15,308
Ropczyce15,279
Nowy Tomysl15,179
Solec Kujawski15,125
Glucholazy15,120
Glowno15,103
Kartuzy15,002
Cieplice Slaskie Zdroj15,000
Lubsko14,994
Wladyslawowo14,889
Grojec14,880
Lipno14,821
Kepno14,813
Skoczow14,810
Kozle14,780
Czluchow14,759
Morag14,745
Nidzica14,720
Limanowa14,714
Slupca14,476
Wschowa14,458
Ostrzeszow14,446
Darlowo14,398
Barlinek14,385
Chojnow14,209
Wilanow14,032
Pszow14,028
Znin14,008
Lezajsk13,958
Wabrzezno13,911
Grodzisk Wielkopolski13,826
Debno13,804
Goldap13,769
Glubczyce13,697
Wolsztyn13,689
Tuchola13,686
Niedobczyce13,500
Slawno13,415
Zdzieszowice13,401
Koluszki13,343
Zlocieniec13,337
Klobuck13,190
Wlodawa13,142
Rabka-Zdroj13,071
Golub-Dobrzyn12,937
Pyrzyce12,893
Szprotawa12,786
Brzeg Dolny12,689
Gora12,668
Lubaczow12,595
Wegrow12,512
Mogilno12,465
Wolin12,438
Strzelin12,394
Mosina12,318
Brwinow12,315
Aleksandrow Kujawski12,290
Brzeziny12,289
Wolow12,276
Krynica-Zdroj12,270
Paslek12,267
Trzebnica12,212
Blonie12,195
Krosno Odrzanskie12,178
Milicz12,169
Szydlowiec12,128
Mysliborz12,092
Kozy11,920
Wegorzewo11,864
Kowary11,834
Janow Lubelski11,811
Pinczow11,806
Brzeszcze11,787
Miechow11,735
Czarnkow11,562
Nowa Deba11,489
Wronki11,462
Puck11,415
Wisla11,379
Dabrowa Tarnowska11,291

Poland Population Clock

What is the population of Poland (as of 12/12/2017)?38,146,457
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)38,170,712
Births Per Day966
Deaths Per Day1,083
Net Migrations Per Day -30
Net Change Per Day -147
Population Change Since January 1st-50,862

Poland Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 9.243 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 10.373 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.287 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 77.654 years
Male Life Expectancy 73.722 years
Female Life Expectancy 81.514 years
Total Fertility Rate 1.299 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.626 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.056 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 4.079 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 4.813 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.329 years
Rate of Natural Increase -1.13
Median Age (Total) 40.3 years
Median Age (Female) 42 years
Median Age (Male) 38.6 years

Poland Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201738,170,71248.29%51.71%12237-0.12%
201538,265,22648.30%51.70%12236-0.03%
201038,323,40248.35%51.65%12333-0.02%
200538,362,66648.42%51.58%12332-0.10%
200038,550,49548.55%51.45%123300.05%
199538,452,63248.64%51.36%123290.26%
199037,954,55348.70%51.30%121270.44%
198537,128,71748.73%51.27%119270.88%
198035,535,10848.66%51.34%114250.91%
197533,966,57248.64%51.36%109240.80%
197032,635,55748.56%51.44%104230.80%
196531,357,72648.50%51.50%100201.15%
196029,611,55648.37%51.63%95191.66%
195527,269,74947.97%52.03%87191.90%
195024,824,01847.66%52.34%79180.00%

Poland Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202037,942,23148.28%51.72%121380.00%
202537,373,18348.26%51.74%12041-0.30%
203036,615,50048.23%51.77%11749-0.41%
203535,691,75548.21%51.79%11453-0.51%
204034,654,57948.25%51.75%11156-0.59%
204533,544,89148.36%51.64%10758-0.65%
205032,390,03748.50%51.50%10463-0.70%
205531,204,24148.61%51.39%10064-0.74%
206029,980,89748.68%51.32%9666-0.80%
206528,694,88748.72%51.28%9269-0.87%
207027,360,43448.77%51.23%8869-0.95%
207526,035,14248.85%51.15%8370-0.99%
208024,799,54948.98%51.02%7973-0.97%
208523,708,61549.13%50.87%7673-0.90%
209022,773,78849.25%50.75%7375-0.80%
209521,965,75349.34%50.66%7076-0.72%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer