Poorest Countries In The World 2019

The poorest countries in the world might not be as obvious as you may have assumed. However, if you figured that every country that is listed as one of the poorest countries in the world is also a third world country, or a nation with a public debt problem, then you are not that far from the truth. While there are instances in which the two overlap, it is not fair to automatically assume that all of the poorest countries in the world are also underdeveloped. This is mostly due to the negative connotations associated with countries classified as third world nations.

According to the news outlet, USA Today, the top twenty-five poorest countries in the world are...

  1. Liberia (GNI per capita: $710)
  2. The Central African Republic (GNI per capita: $730)
  3. Burundi (GNI per capita: $770)
  4. The Democratic Republic of the Congo (GNI per capita: $870)
  5. Niger (GNI per capita: $990)
  6. Malawi (GNI per capita: $1,180)
  7. Mozambique (GNI per capita: $1,200)
  8. Sierra Leone (GNI per capita: $1,480)
  9. Madagascar (GNI per capita: $1,510)
  10. Comoros (GNI per capita: $1,570)
  11. Togo (GNI per capita: $1,620)
  12. The Gambia (GNI per capita: $1,700)
  13. Guinea-Bissau (GNI per capita: $1,700)
  14. Burkina Faso (GNI per capita: $1,810)
  15. Uganda (GNI per capita: $1,820)
  16. Haiti (GNI per capita: $1,830)
  17. Zimbabwe (GNI per capita: $1,850)
  18. Ethiopia (GNI per capita: $1,890)
  19. Chad (GNI per capita: $1,920)
  20. Rwanda (GNI per capita: $1,990)
  21. Afghanistan (GNI per capita: $2,000)
  22. Mali (GNI per capita: $2,160)
  23. Guinea (GNI per capita: $2,180)
  24. Benin (GNI per capita: $2,260)
  25. The Solomon Islands (GNI per capita: $2,270)

To show that being one of the poorest countries on Earth does correlate very significantly with the likelihood of being an underdeveloped nation, here is a list of countries that are considered to be third-world places around the world…

The only country that did not make it onto both lists is the African country of Zimbabwe. All the other twenty-four poorest countries are also third world countries, which goes to show that the two characteristics do have some common ground between them. If you think about it, money is not everything but it does allow for a basic level of upkeep. As unfortunate as it is, everything in the world needs money in order to uphold a certain level of care and maintenance.

Money is not solely for the purpose of elaborate funding or exuberance. The hardest part about a world that revolves around money is that it becomes a necessity, to the point where countries cannot sustain a basic state of cleanliness, invest in industries that could help the country flourish, or develop certain attributes that would elevate a developing country to a place of prosperity. It takes an awful lot of time, energy, and money to raise a country from the ground up, and without a national budget that is reasonable, countries fall short of funding.

The physical location of a country also has a lot to do with the wealth -- as well as the lack thereof -- of a country. The reason for this pulls the aspect of underdeveloped governments, systems, and infrastructures in a country into play. See, the financial status of a country has nearly everything to do with a nation's GDP, or gross domestic product. This is a value that correlates to the monetary value of a country's goods, services, and products over the course of a year.

So the GDP of every country is calculated annually, and it is very similar to credit scores in a sense, albeit on a much larger scale. Still, the GDP of nation has the potential to severely mess with a country's future, as does a poor credit score for people like you and me. The gross domestic product of a country is such a heavy influential factor, and a poor GDP can do quite a load of damage to a country's economy. When a country has a low GDP value, other nations do not revere the low-ranking country as worth doing business with at any level.

This has been the cause of great division between countries because it starts to create a sort of divide between countries with impressively high GDP values and countries with GDP values that are everything but admirable. It is rather unfortunate, especially because this outlook makes it that much harder for countries with low GDP values to make a comeback. If you have ever experienced the downward spiral of credit card debt and lower-than-preferred credit scores, then the GDP might register with you on a level that is easier to understand from that perspective.

Here are the twenty-five poorest countries in the world alongside their most recent gross domestic product values. There are technically three different GDP values for each country, and the reason for this is that three separate organizations release lists that rank countries by GDP values based on their own calculations. These organizations are…

  • The International Monetary Fund
  • The United Nations
  • The World Bank

Though the exact values differ, the discrepancies are minimal enough to ignore. The GDP values you see below are the values reported by the International Money Fund.

  • Liberia,
    #158 according to the International Monetary Fund - $3,249

  • The Central African Republic,
    #163 according to the International Monetary Fund - $2,185

  • Burundi,
    #156 according to the International Monetary Fund - $3,436

  • The Democratic Republic of the Congo,
    #88 according to the International Monetary Fund - $42,644

  • Niger, #141 according to the International Monetary Fund - $9,226

  • Malawi,
    #144 according to the International Monetary Fund - $6,925

  • Mozambique,
    #122 according to the International Monetary Fund - $14,428

  • Sierra Leone,
    #154 according to the International Monetary Fund - $3,906

  • Madagascar,
    #133 according to the International Monetary Fund - $12,093

  • Comoros,
    #178 according to the International Monetary Fund - $742

  • Togo,
    #147 according to the International Monetary Fund - $5,358

  • The Gambia,
    #169 according to the International Monetary Fund - $1,617

  • Guinea-Bissau,
    #171 according to the International Monetary Fund - $1,459

  • Burkina Faso,
    #123 according to the International Monetary Fund - $14,180

  • Uganda,
    #100 according to the International Monetary Fund - $28,122

  • Haiti, #139 according to the International Monetary Fund - $9,525

  • Zimbabwe,
    #102 according to the International Monetary Fund - $26,127

  • Ethiopia,
    #67 according to the International Monetary Fund - $80,279

  • Chad,
    #137 according to the International Monetary Fund - $10,919

  • Rwanda,
    #140 according to the International Monetary Fund - $9,511

  • Afghanistan,
    #113 according to the International Monetary Fund - $19,585

  • Mali,
    #116 according to the International Monetary Fund - $17,187

  • Guinea,
    #134 according to the International Monetary Fund - $11,739

  • Benin,
    #138 according to the International Monetary Fund - $10,456

  • The Solomon Islands,
    #172 according to the International Monetary Fund - $1,424

Rank Flag Name Population 2019 Area Area (mi²) % of Earth's Area Growth Rate Region Subregion
1Ethiopia112,078,7301,104,300 km²426,260 mi²0.74%2.61%AfricaEastern Africa
2Uganda44,269,594241,550 km²93,238 mi²0.16%3.61%AfricaEastern Africa
3Afghanistan38,041,754652,230 km²251,761 mi²0.44%2.34%AsiaSouthern Asia
4Mozambique30,366,036801,590 km²309,414 mi²0.54%2.95%AfricaEastern Africa
5Madagascar26,969,307587,041 km²226,598 mi²0.40%2.69%AfricaEastern Africa
6Niger23,310,7151,267,000 km²489,062 mi²0.85%3.87%AfricaWestern Africa
7Burkina Faso20,321,378272,967 km²105,365 mi²0.18%2.89%AfricaWestern Africa
8Mali19,658,0311,240,192 km²478,714 mi²0.84%3.04%AfricaWestern Africa
9Malawi18,628,747118,484 km²45,735 mi²< 0.1%2.68%AfricaEastern Africa
10Chad15,946,8761,284,000 km²495,624 mi²0.86%3.03%AfricaMiddle Africa
11Zimbabwe14,645,468390,757 km²150,832 mi²0.26%1.43%AfricaEastern Africa
12Guinea12,771,246245,857 km²94,901 mi²0.17%2.88%AfricaWestern Africa
13Rwanda12,626,95026,338 km²10,166 mi²< 0.1%2.64%AfricaEastern Africa
14Benin11,801,151112,622 km²43,472 mi²< 0.1%2.75%AfricaWestern Africa
15Burundi11,530,58027,834 km²10,744 mi²< 0.1%3.18%AfricaEastern Africa
16Haiti11,263,07727,750 km²10,712 mi²< 0.1%1.26%AmericasCaribbean
17Togo8,082,36656,785 km²21,919 mi²< 0.1%2.45%AfricaWestern Africa
18Sierra Leone7,813,21571,740 km²27,692 mi²< 0.1%2.13%AfricaWestern Africa
19Liberia4,937,374111,369 km²42,988 mi²< 0.1%2.46%AfricaWestern Africa
20Guinea Bissau1,920,92236,125 km²13,944 mi²< 0.1%2.49%AfricaWestern Africa
21Comoros850,8861,862 km²719 mi²< 0.1%2.23%AfricaEastern Africa