Portugal Population 2019

10,217,187

One of the oldest independent countries on earth, Portugal is known as a popular destination for migrants from many countries across the world. With near perfect weather for much of the year, has this pattern of net migration served to swell the population of Portugal in any way?

The last official census took place in Portugal in 2011 and it was confirmed at the time that 10,561,614 people were living here. A subsequent estimate was released later that same year that suggested that the Portugal population had grown very slightly to 10,576,252 and this would make the country the 84th most populous on the planet.

Based on the current UN estimates, the 2019 population of Portugal is 10.23 million, which ranks it 88th in the world.

Portugal Area and Population Density

Portugal is a relatively small country and its population density figures are consistent with its overall size. It has a surface area of 92,090 square kilometers which converts to 35,645 square miles and makes it the 111th largest country in terms of landmass alone. For every square mile of Portuguese territory, there is an average of 111 people here. This makes Portugal rank 73rd in the world as far as population density is concerned.

Largest Cities in Portugal

Close to two-thirds of the Portuguese live in urban environments, and there are several large cities that account for this. The largest city in Portugal is also the capital of the country- Lisbon, which is home to 2.8 million people over 370 square miles. Located on the water, it is one of the biggest port cities in the region and is home to much of the nation's finance, commerce, entertainment, art, education, and trade. The next largest city is Porto with 2.2 million people living within 300 square miles. Porto is a very historical city, with beautiful baroque and neoclassic architecture. Other less sizable cities with populations smaller than 500,000 include Vila Nova de Gaia, Braga, Amadora, and Almada.

Portugal Demographics

Portugal’s population records are among the oldest on earth and as far back as 1422, there is documentation to suggest that there were 1,043,274 people living here. Surveys from this point onwards were numerous, even if they didn’t follow a strict chronological pattern. They make for interesting reading too with large population spikes interspersed with a fall in numbers to coincide with some of the more turbulent stages in Portuguese history.

By the time of the Census of 1900, the population of Portugal had grown to 5,423,132 and the pattern through the remainder of the 20th century was generally one of small but consistent growth whereby the Portugal population of 2014 is starting to approach 11 million.

Portugal has traditionally been one of the most homogenous countries in the world but steady immigration has changed that to some extent.

It may be surprising to learn, however, that much of this immigration has taken place over the last twenty years and back in 1992, just 1.3% of the Portugal population was made up of other nationalities. By 2007, however, that figure had risen to 4.1%.

The median age among the Portugal population is currently at 42.2 years of age, with a total life expectancy of 79.4 years of age in 2018.

The age groups in Portugal are split at 15% under the age of 15, 40% between the ages of 25 and 54, and 20% over 65 years of age.

Portugal Religion, Economy and Politics

Although Portugal has no official religion, it is a very Christian country with 81.0% of the population being Catholic, and an additional 3.3% practicing another denomination of Christianity. Religion may not play a huge role in the everyday life of the people, however, as it is reported that only 19% of people attend church and take sacraments regularly. Even though the church does not have any official ties to the government, it still experiences a fair amount of privilege and until recently, the education and health care systems were deeply intertwined in the church, and the construction of any new building, road or bridge needed to be blessed by a clergyperson. The non-Christian population in Portugal, for the most part, don't identify with any religion, with very small numbers of people practicing Bahá'í, Hinduism, Judaism, Islam, or Buddhism.

The economy in Portugal had to be bailed out by the EU during the 2008-2009 financial crisis but has been experiencing an upswing in the years since. Despite doing better financially, Portugal has historically underinvested in its infrastructure and it is unlikely that the growth they are experiencing will be sustainable if they do not do more to solidify the backbone of the country, particularly in terms of roads and transportation. Portugal is also heavily in debt, with their debt currently close to 120% of their GDP. Experts believe that the country needs to take a long, hard look at the way they are spending money if they want their current economic strength to be sustainable.

Portugal Population History

The first official census was taken in Portugal in 1864, claiming a population of 4.3 million. From this point until the 1930s, the population grew slowly at an annual rate of under 1%. During the 1930s and 40s, the population was decreasing around the same rate of -1% during the years of World War II. This decrease in population decreased significantly during the 60s and 70s due to emigration from the area because people were both struggling to find jobs and trying to avoid being drafted.

500,000-800,000 African refugees seeking asylum in Portugal gave the country its first sizable increase in a while during the early 1980s. This is been the trend in Portugal for the past few decades, wavering between slight increases and decreases in population.

Portugal Population Growth

Portugal is different from most other European nations in that it has a steadily decreasing population and is pretty anxious to have more people immigrate there. The 2019 annual growth rate of -0.39% doesn't sound like a big number, but estimates say that the country would need 75,000 immigrants each year just to maintain the population. Their socialist government is cited as a possible reason that it is so difficult to get people to move there. Measures are being taken to increase the ease with which people can come to Portugal, including reducing the barriers to visas and the starting of small businesses.

Portugal Population Projections

Despite efforts to increase immigration to Portugal, it is predicted that the population will continue to decline in the years to come, going down to an annual growth rate of -0.58%. The country desperately wants this to change, but if things continue on this trajectory, their numbers are likely to continue to follow. Current projections say that the population of Portugal will be 10,218,413 in 2020, 9,877,056 in 2030, 9,495,169 in 2040 and 8,994,594 by 2050.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 7 minutes
One death every 5 minutes
One net migrant every 160 minutes
Net loss of one person every 16 minutes

Portugal Population in 2018Source: By jad99 from Graz, Austria (Blick auf Ponte 25 de Abril) [CC BY-SA 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Portugal Population Pyramid 2019

Portugal Population by Age

There are 8,555,287 adults in Portugal.

Census Years

Year Date
20212021
201124 April 2011
200112 March 2001
199115 April 1991

Portugal clearly has a growing population, but it is increasing at fairly moderate rates. It currently stands at around 10.6 million, and based on the current level of annual growth, it may not have even exceeded 11 million by 2020.

Official NamePortuguese Republic
Languages SpokenPortuguese
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude39.5, -8
Currencies UsedEuro
DemonymPortuguese
BordersSpain
Name Population Location
Lisbon517,802Map
Porto249,633Map
Amadora178,858Map
Braga121,394Map
Setubal117,110Map
Coimbra106,582Map
Queluz103,399Map
Funchal100,847Map
Cacem93,982Map
Vila Nova de Gaia70,811Map
Algueirao66,250Map
Loures66,231Map
Felgueiras58,065Map
Evora55,620Map
Rio de Mouro54,695Map
Odivelas54,624Map
Aveiro54,162Map
Amora52,577Map
Corroios52,520Map
Barreiro51,280Map

Portugal Population Clock

The population of Portugal (as of 10/8/2019)?10,217,187
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2019)10,226,187
Births Per Day219
Deaths Per Day300
Net Migrations Per Day-9
Net Change Per Day-90
Population Change Since January 1st-25,290

Portugal Population Estimator

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Estimate as of October 8th 2019 is: 10,218,192

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201910,226,18747.30%52.70%111.0588-0.29%
201810,256,19347.29%52.71%111.3788-0.31%
201710,288,52747.29%52.71%111.7288-0.36%
201610,325,53847.31%52.69%112.1288-0.41%
201510,368,35147.36%52.64%112.5986-0.43%
201010,596,05847.86%52.14%115.06790.17%
200510,508,49548.34%51.66%114.11760.41%
200010,297,11248.22%51.78%111.82740.40%
199510,091,32548.17%51.83%109.58720.39%
19909,895,36448.13%51.87%107.4571-0.07%
19859,929,18448.16%51.84%107.82650.36%
19809,750,96448.08%51.92%105.89601.23%
19759,172,24147.76%52.24%99.60611.18%
19708,651,34047.43%52.57%93.9462-0.48%
19658,862,28047.69%52.31%96.23540.04%
19608,844,64547.79%52.21%96.04490.50%
19558,625,53247.93%52.07%93.66470.49%
19508,416,96748.07%51.93%91.40420.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202010,196,70947.31%52.69%110.73890.00%
202510,060,41847.41%52.59%109.2594-0.27%
20309,912,67947.55%52.45%107.6497-0.30%
20359,747,50647.69%52.31%105.8597-0.34%
20409,558,26547.84%52.16%103.7997-0.39%
20459,338,12348.00%52.00%101.4099-0.46%
20509,084,57648.17%51.83%98.65104-0.55%
20558,805,33248.38%51.62%95.62107-0.62%
20608,514,10348.60%51.40%92.45109-0.67%
20658,227,64748.87%51.13%89.34110-0.68%
20707,963,94649.18%50.82%86.48111-0.65%
20757,738,44149.50%50.50%84.03112-0.57%
20807,552,82349.78%50.22%82.02113-0.48%
20857,394,92049.98%50.02%80.30116-0.42%
20907,249,09350.12%49.88%78.72116-0.40%
20957,110,57950.23%49.77%77.21115-0.39%
  1. National Statistical Institute of Portugal
  2. World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1950, 1960, 1970, 1981, 1991, 2001 and 2011 censuses, with official population estimates through 2015, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer