Portugal Population 2018

10,273,102

One of the oldest independent countries on earth, Portugal is known as a popular destination for migrants from many countries across the world. With near perfect weather for much of the year, has this pattern of net migration served to swell the population of Portugal in any way?

The last official census took place in Portugal in 2011 and it was confirmed at the time that 10,561,614 people were living here. A subsequent estimate was released later that same year that suggested that the Portugal population had grown very slightly to 10,576,252 and this would make the country the 84th most populous on the planet.

Based on the current UN estimates, the 2018 population of Portugal is 10.29 million.

Population Density

Portugal is a relatively small country and its population density figures are consistent with its overall size. It has a surface area of 92,090 square kilometres which converts to 35,645 square miles and makes it the 111th largest country in terms of land mass alone.

For every square mile of Portuguese territory, there is an average of 111 people here. This makes Portugal rank 95th in the world as far as population density is concerned.

Demographics

Portugal’s population records are among the oldest on earthand as far back as 1422, there is documentation to suggest that there were 1,043,274 people living here. Surveys from this point onwards were numerous, even if they didn’t follow a strict chronological pattern. They make for interesting reading too with large population spikes interspersed with a fall in numbers to coincide with some of the more turbulent stages in Portuguese history.

By the time of the Census of 1900, the population of Portugal had grown to 5,423,132 and the pattern through the remainder of the 20th century was generally one of small but consistent growth whereby the Portugal population of 2014 is starting to approach 11 million.

Portugal has traditionally been one of the most homogenous countries in the world but steady immigration has changed that to some extent.

It may be surprising to learn however, that much of this immigration has taken place over the last twenty years and back in 1992, just 1.3% of the Portugal population was made up of other nationalities. By 2007, however, that figure had risen to 4.1%.

Median age among the Portugal population is currently at 42.2 years of age, with a total life expectancy of 79.4 years of age in 2018.

The age groups in Portugal are split at 15% under the age of 15, 40% between the ages of 25 and 54, and 20% over 65 years of age.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 7 minutes
One death every 5 minutes
One net migrant every 90 minutes
Net loss of one person every 13 minutes

Portugal Population in 2018Source: By jad99 from Graz, Austria (Blick auf Ponte 25 de Abril) [CC BY-SA 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Portugal Population Pyramid 2018

20,00040,00060,00080,000Portugal Male Population20,00040,00060,00080,000Portugal Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Portugal Population by Age

There are 8,597,891 adults in Portugal.

Census Years

Year Date
20212021
201124 April 2011
200112 March 2001
199115 April 1991

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Portugal Population Growth

Portugal clearly has a growing population, but it is increasing at fairly moderate rates. It currently stands at around 10.6 million, and based on the current level of annual growth, it may not have even exceeded 11 million by 2020.

About Portugal

Official NamePortuguese Republic
Languages SpokenPortuguese
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude39.5-8
Currencies UsedEuro
DemonymPortuguese

Countries Bordering Portugal

Spain

Portugal Population Density

Portugal Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Lisbon517,802
Porto249,633
Amadora178,858
Braga121,394
Setubal117,110
Coimbra106,582
Queluz103,399
Funchal100,847
Cacem93,982
Vila Nova de Gaia70,811
Loures66,231
Evora55,620
Rio de Mouro54,695
Odivelas54,624
Aveiro54,162
Amora52,577
Corroios52,520
Barreiro51,280
Monsanto50,000
Rio Tinto49,966

Portugal Population Clock

The population of Portugal (as of 12/13/2018)?10,273,102
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)10,291,196
Births Per Day213
Deaths Per Day306
Net Migrations Per Day -16
Net Change Per Day -109
Population Change Since January 1st-37,823

Portugal Population Estimator

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Estimate as of December 13th 2018 is: 10,274,682

Portugal Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201810,291,19647.33%52.67%111.7588-0.37%
201710,329,50647.33%52.67%112.1788-0.41%
201610,371,62747.34%52.66%112.6288-0.45%
201510,418,47347.38%52.62%113.1387-0.44%
201010,652,32147.88%52.12%115.67790.16%
200510,565,72348.37%51.63%114.73750.40%
200010,355,11748.25%51.75%112.45740.40%
199510,149,73548.21%51.79%110.22720.39%
19909,953,32748.17%51.83%108.0871-0.06%
19859,985,57548.20%51.80%108.43650.37%
19809,804,85148.13%51.87%106.47601.23%
19759,224,05947.81%52.19%100.16611.17%
19708,701,85547.48%52.52%94.4960-0.48%
19658,914,45147.74%52.26%96.80530.05%
19608,893,97147.85%52.15%96.58490.51%
19558,670,88447.98%52.02%94.16470.60%
19508,416,96748.07%51.93%91.40420.00%

Portugal Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202010,218,41347.37%52.63%110.96880.00%
202510,047,80747.49%52.51%109.1194-0.34%
20309,877,05647.65%52.35%107.2597-0.34%
20359,696,31847.81%52.19%105.2998-0.37%
20409,495,16947.96%52.04%103.1199-0.42%
20459,262,00648.12%51.88%100.58100-0.50%
20508,994,59448.28%51.72%97.67104-0.58%
20558,696,39448.46%51.54%94.43108-0.67%
20608,384,34948.67%51.33%91.05109-0.73%
20658,076,50848.91%51.09%87.70113-0.75%
20707,789,33849.18%50.82%84.58114-0.72%
20757,534,79949.47%50.53%81.82115-0.66%
20807,316,44749.73%50.27%79.45115-0.59%
20857,124,05749.91%50.09%77.36115-0.53%
20906,943,58950.04%49.96%75.40115-0.51%
20956,768,62850.12%49.88%73.50117-0.51%
Data Sources
  1. National Statistical Institute of Portugal
  2. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1950, 1960, 1970, 1981, 1991, 2001 and 2011 censuses, with official population estimates through 2015, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer