Puerto Rico Population 2016

The latest available figures put Puerto Rico’s population at 3,706,690. This is based on a US Census Bureau estimate from July 2011. At the time of writing in 2014, the estimated population is 3.68 million.

You can find out more about the Puerto Rico population in this interactive Census Bureau tool, or you can continue reading for more detailed data and statistics.

If Puerto Rico were a full state in the United States (remember, it is actually a Commonwealth), this would make it the 29th largest state in the US, sandwiched between Oklahoma and Connecticut. It is, by some considerable distance, the largest US territory - the next largest being Guam with a population of 159,358.

Puerto Rico Population Decline

The figures above show that the population of Puerto Rico has begun to decline after a long period of steady and fairly rapid growth (as can be seen in this table).

The last full US census results, from 2010, showed that there were 3,725,789 people in Puerto Rico, so the population decrease was 19,099 in a single year. The previous census, conducted in 2000, showed that at that point, Puerto Rico had 3,808,610 people, so as well as losing just over 100,000 people in a decade, it appears as though the rate of population reduction is actually increasing.

There are a number of reasons for this decline including lower birth rates and lower death rates as the island becomes more prosperous. Increased emigration to the continental United States is also a factor, as people move to improve their economic prospects and sometimes – because Puerto Rico is a densely populated territory – to improve quality of life in other ways.

Largest Cities in Puerto Rico

The largest city in Puerto Rico is San Juan, the island’s capital. It has a population of 395,326, making it the 46th largest city in the USA.

Puerto Rico is one of the most densely populated areas of the United States and, as a result there are quite a few other fairly large towns and cities on the island.

The second largest city is Bayamon, which has 208,116 people and is the 103rd largest city in America. Other major cities include Carolina (176,762), Ponce (166,327) and Caguas (142,893).

Puerto Rico Population in 2016 Source: Breezy Baldwin

Puerto Rico Population Clock

What is the population of Puerto Rico (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2016) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 114
Deaths Per Day 81
Net Migrations Per Day -38
Net Change Per Day -5
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Puerto Rico Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 11.363 births/thousand 152nd
Crude Death Rate 8.006 deaths/thousand 79th
Crude Net Migration Rate -3.805 people/thousand 179th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 80.18 years 35th
Life Expectancy (Male) 76.36 years 43rd
Life Expectancy (Female) 83.82 years 24th
Total Fertility Rate 1.587 children/woman 162nd
Net Reproduction Rate 0.765 surviving daughters/woman 160th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.053 males per female 73rd
Infant Mortality Rate 5.402 deaths/1,000 live births 148th
Under Five Mortality 6.338 deaths/thousand 148th
Mean Age at Childbearing 27.183 years 168th

Puerto Rico Population Density

Puerto Rico Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2016 3,680,772 48.1% 51.9% 414 19 -0.05% 135
2015 3,683,238 48.1% 51.9% 415 19 -0.07% 135
2010 3,709,671 48.1% 51.9% 418 15 -0.21% 131
2005 3,761,143 48% 52% 424 14 -0.31% 128
2000 3,796,981 48.1% 51.9% 428 14 0.06% 123
1995 3,689,649 48.3% 51.7% 415 14 0.8% 120
1990 3,517,984 48.4% 51.6% 396 12 0.95% 122
1985 3,369,714 48.9% 51.1% 379 12 0.9% 119
1980 3,187,704 48.7% 51.3% 359 12 1.33% 117
1975 2,931,932 48.9% 51.1% 330 13 1.75% 115
1970 2,709,813 49% 51% 305 13 1.32% 114
1965 2,577,530 49% 51% 290 13 1.22% 111
1960 2,355,570 49.4% 50.6% 265 12 1.69% 111
1955 2,247,415 49.8% 50.2% 253 10 0.67% 110
1950 2,218,000 50.2% 49.8% 250 8 -0.38% 107

Puerto Rico Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 3,674,977 48.1% 51.9% 414 19 -0.06% 135
2025 3,660,410 48.2% 51.8% 412 21 -0.1% 135
2030 3,638,481 48.3% 51.7% 410 22 -0.18% 134
2035 3,596,939 48.4% 51.6% 405 22 -0.3% 136
2040 3,536,110 48.5% 51.5% 398 25 -0.4% 138
2045 3,458,807 48.7% 51.3% 389 29 -0.5% 137
2050 3,367,191 48.8% 51.2% 379 30 -0.58% 139
2055 3,265,452 49% 51% 368 31 -0.66% 141
2060 3,155,365 49.1% 50.9% 355 32 -0.73% 142
2065 3,038,165 49.3% 50.7% 342 34 -0.8% 142
2070 2,916,250 49.4% 50.6% 328 35 -0.85% 142
2075 2,791,652 49.5% 50.5% 314 37 -0.9% 143
2080 2,666,519 49.5% 50.5% 300 40 -0.94% 143
2085 2,543,299 49.6% 50.4% 286 42 -0.95% 144
2090 2,424,868 49.7% 50.3% 273 47 -0.95% 144
2095 2,313,307 49.7% 50.3% 260 49 -0.92% 144
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations