Puerto Rico Population 2017

3,677,505

You can find out more about the Puerto Rico population in this interactive Census Bureau tool, or you can continue reading for more detailed data and statistics.

If Puerto Rico were a full state in the United States (remember, it is actually a Commonwealth), this would make it the 29th largest state in the US, sandwiched between Oklahoma and Connecticut. It is, by some considerable distance, the largest US territory - the next largest being Guam with a population of 159,358.

Puerto Rico Population Decline

The figures above show that the population of Puerto Rico has begun to decline after a long period of steady and fairly rapid growth (as can be seen in this table).

The last full US census results, from 2010, showed that there were 3,725,789 people in Puerto Rico, so the population decrease was 19,099 in a single year. The previous census, conducted in 2000, showed that at that point, Puerto Rico had 3,808,610 people, so as well as losing just over 100,000 people in a decade, it appears as though the rate of population reduction is actually increasing.

There are a number of reasons for this decline including lower birth rates and lower death rates as the island becomes more prosperous. Increased emigration to the continental United States is also a factor, as people move to improve their economic prospects and sometimes – because Puerto Rico is a densely populated territory – to improve quality of life in other ways.

Largest Cities in Puerto Rico

The largest city in Puerto Rico is San Juan, the island’s capital. It has a population of 395,326, making it the 46th largest city in the USA.

Puerto Rico is one of the most densely populated areas of the United States and, as a result there are quite a few other fairly large towns and cities on the island.

The second largest city is Bayamon, which has 208,116 people and is the 103rd largest city in America. Other major cities include Carolina (176,762), Ponce (166,327) and Caguas (142,893).

Puerto Rico Population in 2017Source: Breezy Baldwin

Puerto Rico Population Density

Name Population
Orocovis944
Las Marias1,031
Maricao1,172
Culebra1,486
Rincon1,499
Toa Baja1,889
Naranjito2,005
Maunabo2,154
Morovis2,414
Barranquitas3,021
Ciales3,256
Jayuya3,587
Aguada4,040
Camuy4,240
Patillas4,247
Loiza4,311
Toa Alta4,483
Villalba4,555
Aguas Buenas4,576
Naguabo4,643
Comerio4,649
Moca4,964
Cidra5,067
Adjuntas5,080
Santa Barbara5,168
Guayanilla5,213
Lajas5,255
Quebradillas5,620
Hatillo5,622
Florida5,652
Ingenio5,664
Coco5,803
Punta Santiago5,803
Candelaria Arenas5,854
Estancias de Florida5,972
Anasco6,136
Puerto Real6,166
Sabana Seca6,247
Ceiba6,277
Salinas6,375
San Antonio6,456
Ceiba6,576
Las Piedras6,655
Penuelas6,847
Yabucoa6,952
Lares7,184
Santa Isabel7,260
Arroyo7,520
Campanilla7,757
San Isidro8,071
Luquillo8,326
Canovanas8,437
Juncos8,905
Aibonito8,947
Sabana Grande8,961
Gurabo8,973
Guanica9,224
Isabel Segunda9,301
San Lorenzo9,373
Juana Diaz9,427
Pajaros9,466
Utuado9,844
Cabo Rojo10,839
Corozal11,297
San Sebastian11,590
Hormigueros11,934
Coamo11,940
Vega Alta12,036
San German12,055
Isabela12,505
Dorado13,117
Rio Grande13,467
Aguadilla16,073
Manati16,092
Candelaria17,631
Cayey18,494
Yauco20,295
Humacao20,387
Guayama21,575
Barceloneta22,322
Catano28,093
Vega Baja29,325
Levittown29,785
Fajardo34,068
Arecibo49,318
Trujillo Alto54,189
Mayagueez78,647
Guaynabo81,360
Caguas86,804
Ponce152,634
Carolina170,404
Bayamon203,499
San Juan418,140

About Puerto Rico

Official NameCommonwealth of Puerto Rico
Languages SpokenSpanish, English
Borders
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude18.25-66.5
Currencies UsedUSD

Puerto Rico Population Clock

What is the population of Puerto Rico (as of August 21, 2017)?3,677,505
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)3679086
Births Per Day23
Deaths Per Day16
Net Migrations Per Day -38
Net Change Per Day -31
Population Change Since January 1st-7,192

Puerto Rico Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 11.441 births/thousand158
Crude Death Rate 7.982 deaths/thousand84
Crude Net Migration Rate -3.805 people/thousand176
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 80.106 years40
Male Life Expectancy 76.256 years49
Female Life Expectancy 83.796 years25
Total Fertility Rate 1.592 children/woman166
Net Reproduction Rate 0.765 surviving daughters/woman167
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.053 males per female75
Infant Mortality Rate 5.488 deaths/1,000 live births153
Under Five Mortality 6.364 deaths/thousand153
Mean Age at Childbearing 27.183 years177
Rate of Natural Increase 3.357 152
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 3.095 %65
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 4.436 %71
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 1.739 %50
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 9.94 %56
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 14.126 %67
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 5.958 %46
Crude Suicide Rate 0 suicides/thousand0
Median Age (Total) 39.5 years48
Median Age (Female) 41.4 years46
Median Age (Male) 37.5 years50

Puerto Rico Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20173,679,08648.084%51.916%41428-0.03%135
20153,683,23848.071%51.929%41528-0.07%135
20103,709,67148.051%51.949%41824-0.21%131
20053,761,14348.006%51.994%42423-0.31%128
20003,796,98148.131%51.869%428220.06%123
19953,689,64948.252%51.748%415220.8%120
19903,517,98448.428%51.572%396200.95%122
19853,369,71448.855%51.145%379190.9%119
19803,187,70448.682%51.318%359191.33%117
19752,931,93248.881%51.119%330201.75%115
19702,709,81349.002%50.998%305221.32%114
19652,577,53048.961%51.039%290201.22%111
19602,355,57049.43%50.57%265181.69%111
19552,247,41549.801%50.199%253160.67%110
19502,218,00050.234%49.766%25013-0.38%107

Puerto Rico Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20203,674,97748.111%51.889%41428-0.06%135
20253,660,41048.18%51.82%41230-0.1%135
20303,638,48148.273%51.727%41031-0.18%134
20353,596,93948.39%51.61%40531-0.3%136
20403,536,11048.524%51.476%39835-0.4%138
20453,458,80748.674%51.326%38939-0.5%137
20503,367,19148.835%51.165%37940-0.58%139
20553,265,45248.987%51.013%36843-0.66%141
20603,155,36549.131%50.869%35545-0.73%142
20653,038,16549.257%50.743%34247-0.8%142
20702,916,25049.367%50.633%32848-0.85%142
20752,791,65249.455%50.545%31450-0.9%143
20802,666,51949.534%50.466%30053-0.94%143
20852,543,29949.603%50.397%28656-0.95%144
20902,424,86849.669%50.331%27362-0.95%144
20952,313,30749.732%50.268%26065-0.92%144
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations