Republic of the Congo Population 2018
The Republic of the Congo (also called the Congo Republic or Congo-Brazzaville) is located in Central Africa and bordered by the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Cameroon and Gabon. In 2018, the estimated population of the Congo Republic is 5.40 million, which ranks 123rd in the world.
The Republic of the Congo's population is actually rather sparse with a population density of just 13 people per square kilometer (33/sq mi), which ranks 204th in the world. This means that even though the country's estimated 2018 population of 5.40 million ranks 123rd in the world, it still has substantial room to grow.
The Congo Republic's population is concentrated in the southwestern area of the country with large amounts of tropical jungle nearly uninhabited. This makes Congo one of the most urbanized countries in Africa with 70% of the population living in the urban areas of Brazzaville, Pointe-Noire and the small cities between the two cities.
Brazzaville is the capital and largest city of the Congo Republic with about 1.38 million people in the city proper and a metro population of more than 2 million. Kinshasa (pop: 10 million), the capital of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, is directly across the Congo River from Brazzaville.
Republic of the Congo Demographics
The Congo Republic has a very ethnically diverse population. There are 62 spoken languages. The Kongo represent the largest ethnic group at about 48% of the population, with subgroups that include the Laari of Brazzaville and Pool and the Vili of Pointe-Noire. The second-largest ethnic group is the Sangha (20%) in the northern part of the country, followed by the Teke people (17%) who live north of Brazzaville. The Boulangui of the northwest and Brazzaville account for 12% of the total population, while the Pygmies make up 2%.
Prior to the war in 1997, there were 9,000 Europeans and non-Africans in the country, but most have left. There are also about 300 American expatriates in the Congo.
About 50% of the population is either Catholic or Protestant, while followers of Islam account for just 2% of the population.
A large percentage of the Congo's population remains undernourished and the HIV rate stands at 3.4%.
Republic of the Congo Population Growth
The Congo Republic has a very high fertility rate at 5.1 children born per woman, with a fertility rate of 6.5 in rural regions. The country's population is currently growing at a rate of nearly 3% per year, which is expected to continue for the next decade.
Components of Population Change
|One birth every 3 minutes|
|One death every 14 minutes|
|One net migrant every 131 minutes|
|Net gain of one person every 4 minutes|