Reunion Population 2017

876,700

Réunion is a French island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar, that is one of many overseas departments of France. It is one of 27 regions of France that has the same status as those on the mainland. It is also the outermost region of the European Union. Réunion has an estimated population of 876,562 in 2017.

Réunion has a population estimated at 876,562, with a population density of about 330 people per square kilometer (870/square mile). Saint-Denis is the administrative capital of Réunion, and the most populous commune among all French overseas departments with a population of 150,000. Nearby Saint-Marie has a population of around 40,000. Saint-Paul has an estimated population of 105,000, followed by Saint-Pierre at 80,000.

Réunion Demographics

Réunion has great ethnic diversity, with groups of African, Indian, Malagasy, Chinese and European descent. All ethnic groups are from immigrants who came to the island from Africa, Asia and Europe over the last three hundred years, and there are no indigenous people. These groups married together very early, and the population today is mostly of mixed race.

The number of each ethnicity is unknown, as France bans ethnic censuses. Estimates place the white population at 25%, with Indians accounting for 25% and those of Chinese ancestry accounting for 3%. Those of Gujarati and South Indian origin account for the majority of Indians on Réunion. Creoles, which refers to people born on the island, regardless of ethnic identity, account for the majority of the population.

The most common religion is Roman Catholicism, although many also practice Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam and Chinese folk religion.

Réunion History

Réunion has little recorded history before the Portuguese arrived in the 15th century, although it was familiar to Arab traders. The arrival of Portuguese explorers in 1507 was the first European contact with the area, and it was uninhabited at the time. The island was named Santa Apolonia and remained untouched for about 100 years. It was then occupied and claimed for France in 1642, when Jacques Pronis deported French mutineers to the island. The convicts were later returned to France and the island was named Île Bourbon in 1649.

The name of Réunion was given in 1793, although it was temporarily named in honor of Napoleon Bonaparte in 1801, and then again renamed Bourbon until the French Revolution of 1848.

From the 17th through the 19th century, French immigration as well as an influx of African, Chinese and Indian immigrants gave the island an ethnic mix. Most of the immigrants from outside of Europe were slaves prior to 1848, and then many were indentured workers afterward.

Between 1968 and 1982, about 1,600 children from the island were relocated to France. Réunion exile Jean-Jacques Martial brought legal action against a politician in 2002 for kidnapping and deportation of minors.

Reunion Population in 2018Source: No machine-readable author provided. B.navez assumed (based on copyright claims).

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Reunion Population Growth

About Reunion

Official NameRéunion Island
Languages SpokenFrench
Borders
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude-21.1555.5
Currencies UsedEUR

Reunion Population Density

Name Population
Saint-Denis137,195
Saint-Paul99,307
Saint-Pierre76,655
Le Tampon69,986
Saint-Andre48,674
Saint-Louis47,881
Le Port40,771
Saint-Benoit35,310
Saint-Joseph33,694
Sainte-Marie31,636
Piton Saint-Leu29,278
Saint-Leu28,278
La Possession26,865
Sainte-Suzanne20,530
Petite-Ile10,961
Bras-Panon10,444
Les Avirons8,006
Salazie7,696
Trois-Bassins7,114
Sainte-Rose7,035
Cilaos6,225
L'Entre-Deux5,788
Saint-Philippe5,441

Reunion Population Clock

What is the population of Reunion (as of 11/15/2017)?876,700
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)876,562
Births Per Day7
Deaths Per Day3
Net Migrations Per Day -3
Net Change Per Day 1
Population Change Since January 1st319

Reunion Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 14.361 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 5.782 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -1.433 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 80.664 years
Male Life Expectancy 77.418 years
Female Life Expectancy 83.752 years
Total Fertility Rate 2.131 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.037 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 3.451 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 3.959 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.109 years
Rate of Natural Increase 8.44
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 2.16%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 3.024%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 1.35%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 9.234%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 13.087%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 5.542%

Reunion Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
2017876,56248.43%51.57%3490.76%
2015863,36348.43%51.57%3440.78%
2010830,51948.42%51.58%3310.96%
2005791,59849.07%50.93%3151.45%
2000736,71048.80%51.20%2931.81%
1995673,54148.85%51.15%2681.98%
1990610,58248.91%51.09%2431.79%
1985558,69948.81%51.19%2231.87%
1980509,26548.81%51.19%2030.99%
1975484,77748.50%51.50%1930.97%
1970462,02548.19%51.81%1843.41%
1965390,77548.68%51.32%1563.09%
1960335,69348.62%51.38%1342.85%
1955291,65848.38%51.62%1163.29%
1950248,11047.93%52.07%990.00%

Reunion Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
2020896,53648.40%51.60%3570.00%
2025928,44648.39%51.61%3700.70%
2030956,97048.37%51.63%3810.61%
2035980,93048.36%51.64%3910.50%
2040998,68248.33%51.66%3980.36%
20451,009,41948.31%51.69%4020.21%
20501,013,56148.30%51.70%4040.08%
20551,012,79548.33%51.67%403-0.02%
20601,009,08248.40%51.60%402-0.07%
20651,003,97248.51%51.49%400-0.10%
2070998,59548.65%51.35%398-0.11%
2075992,99048.79%51.21%395-0.11%
2080986,38548.90%51.10%393-0.13%
2085977,96648.95%51.05%389-0.17%
2090966,99248.94%51.06%385-0.23%
2095953,36448.90%51.10%380-0.28%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer