Reunion Population 2017

873,430

Réunion has a population estimated at 885,328, with a population density of about 330 people per square kilometer (870/square mile). Saint-Denis is the administrative capital of Réunion, and the most populous commune among all French overseas departments with a population of 150,000. Nearby Saint-Marie has a population of around 40,000. Saint-Paul has an estimated population of 105,000, followed by Saint-Pierre at 80,000.

Réunion Demographics

Réunion has great ethnic diversity, with groups of African, Indian, Malagasy, Chinese and European descent. All ethnic groups are from immigrants who came to the island from Africa, Asia and Europe over the last three hundred years, and there are no indigenous people. These groups married together very early, and the population today is mostly of mixed race.

The number of each ethnicity is unknown, as France bans ethnic censuses. Estimates place the white population at 25%, with Indians accounting for 25% and those of Chinese ancestry accounting for 3%. Those of Gujarati and South Indian origin account for the majority of Indians on Réunion. Creoles, which refers to people born on the island, regardless of ethnic identity, account for the majority of the population.

The most common religion is Roman Catholicism, although many also practice Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam and Chinese folk religion.

Réunion History

Réunion has little recorded history before the Portuguese arrived in the 15th century, although it was familiar to Arab traders. The arrival of Portuguese explorers in 1507 was the first European contact with the area, and it was uninhabited at the time. The island was named Santa Apolonia and remained untouched for about 100 years. It was then occupied and claimed for France in 1642, when Jacques Pronis deported French mutineers to the island. The convicts were later returned to France and the island was named Île Bourbon in 1649.

The name of Réunion was given in 1793, although it was temporarily named in honor of Napoleon Bonaparte in 1801, and then again renamed Bourbon until the French Revolution of 1848.

From the 17th through the 19th century, French immigration as well as an influx of African, Chinese and Indian immigrants gave the island an ethnic mix. Most of the immigrants from outside of Europe were slaves prior to 1848, and then many were indentured workers afterward.

Between 1968 and 1982, about 1,600 children from the island were relocated to France. Réunion exile Jean-Jacques Martial brought legal action against a politician in 2002 for kidnapping and deportation of minors.

Reunion Population in 2017Source: No machine-readable author provided. B.navez assumed (based on copyright claims).

About Reunion

Official NameRéunion Island
Languages SpokenFrench
Borders
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude-21.1555.5
Currencies UsedEUR

Reunion Population Density

Name Population
Saint-Philippe5,441
L'Entre-Deux5,788
Cilaos6,225
Sainte-Rose7,035
Trois-Bassins7,114
Salazie7,696
Les Avirons8,006
Bras-Panon10,444
Petite-Ile10,961
Sainte-Suzanne20,530
La Possession26,865
Saint-Leu28,278
Piton Saint-Leu29,278
Sainte-Marie31,636
Saint-Joseph33,694
Saint-Benoit35,310
Le Port40,771
Saint-Louis47,881
Saint-Andre48,674
Le Tampon69,986
Saint-Pierre76,655
Saint-Paul99,307
Saint-Denis137,195

Reunion Population Clock

What is the population of Reunion (as of September 13, 2017)?873,430
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)873356
Births Per Day7
Deaths Per Day3
Net Migrations Per Day -3
Net Change Per Day 1
Population Change Since January 1st255

Reunion Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 14.361 births/thousand128
Crude Death Rate 5.782 deaths/thousand156
Crude Net Migration Rate -1.433 people/thousand142
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 80.664 years36
Male Life Expectancy 77.418 years44
Female Life Expectancy 83.752 years27
Total Fertility Rate 2.131 children/woman105
Net Reproduction Rate 1.037 surviving daughters/woman99
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female160
Infant Mortality Rate 3.451 deaths/1,000 live births172
Under Five Mortality 3.959 deaths/thousand176
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.109 years148
Rate of Natural Increase 8.44 124
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 2.16 %41
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 3.024 %46
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 1.35 %34
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 9.234 %47
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 13.087 %58
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 5.542 %37
Crude Suicide Rate 0 suicides/thousand0
Median Age (Total) 0 years0
Median Age (Female) 0 years0
Median Age (Male) 0 years0

Reunion Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2017873,35648.396%51.604%349340.71%162
2015861,15448.396%51.604%344350.7%161
2010830,51648.42%51.58%332340.78%161
2005791,60249.072%50.928%316331.13%160
2000736,71148.801%51.199%294361.61%159
1995673,54148.846%51.154%269371.9%159
1990610,58248.906%51.094%244391.92%160
1985558,70048.814%51.186%223391.81%160
1980509,25948.813%51.187%203401.59%160
1975484,77648.499%51.501%193380.73%160
1970462,02548.185%51.815%184361.74%157
1965390,77048.679%51.321%156413.65%159
1960335,69148.622%51.378%134422.85%158
1955291,65848.378%51.622%116482.68%160
1950248,11147.934%52.066%99514.41%160

Reunion Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020891,86348.379%51.621%356350.68%162
2025921,36848.375%51.625%368350.59%163
2030946,91648.374%51.626%378340.48%162
2035967,18848.363%51.637%386340.34%162
2040981,14148.347%51.653%392370.2%162
2045988,16548.332%51.668%395380.06%162
2050988,53648.335%51.665%39539-0.06%163
2055983,68148.366%51.634%39339-0.14%163
2060975,56348.44%51.56%39040-0.19%163
2065965,97248.558%51.442%38641-0.21%164
2070956,03348.709%51.291%38243-0.21%164
2075945,91648.844%51.156%37844-0.23%164
2080934,66148.942%51.058%37344-0.26%166
2085921,48148.979%51.021%36845-0.32%166
2090905,88848.97%51.03%36245-0.37%166
2095888,49148.941%51.059%35548-0.41%166
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations