Romania Population 2017

[[getCurrentPopulation()]]

Romania is a small country that is constituted of 84.1% Ethnic Romanians from its total population while a small Hungarian minority makes up 5.4% of the population demographics.

As of early 2014, the population of Romania was around 21,595,302, a slight decrease from the estimated 21,668,721 in 2013 and from the 2011 population estimates when the figure stood at 21,801,942. Romania's population is actually decreasing at a rate of 0.32% per year. According to historical figures, Romania actually hit its population peak in the early 90s, when there were 23,372,101 people in Romania.

The age structure of Romania is skewed heavily towards its inhabitants in the 25-54 year age group. They make up around 45.1% of the population. The younger generation in the 0-25 year age bracket also has a significant majority in the country with 27.1%. These are encouraging numbers, which show that Romania has a thriving work force and an upcoming generation available for its development, provided it can create suitable opportunities for its inhabitants to help develop it further in the long run. Moreover, the population of senior citizens in Romania (people 55 years and over) also make up a significant portion of the country's population at 27.8%. This population spread also shows that Romania has a very uniform distribution of its population in all age brackets except the 25-54 year olds.

The sex ratio is also uniquely uniform in Romania with the men and the women sharing almost equal numbers in the country. From 0-64 years old, the ratio is slightly tipped in favor of the males. There are 1.06 males for each female, but this changes to almost a 1:1 ratio when we look at the 55-64 year age structure. From 64 years and beyond, the sex ratio is skewed in favor of the women as the ratio then is 0.68 male per 1 female.

Romania Life Expectancy

This factor highlights that the life expectancy of women in Romania is higher than the men. Although the overall life expectancy in Romania is around 74.22 years, the life expectancy of males is 70.75 years only. In contrast to that, the life expectancy of women is 77.89 years, which is a significant difference between the sexes.

Most of Romania's population resides in the urban zones of the country. These include the major cities such as Bucharest, Cluj-Napoca, Timisoara, Iasi and Constanta. Around 55.20% of the total population is present in the city regions of the country, while the remaining 44.80% resides in the rural areas.

Furthermore, Romania has shown an encouraging decrease in infant mortality rates (IMR). Around the year 2002, it was reporting around 17.2 deaths per 1000 children. However, by 2012 this figure had fallen to 9.2 deaths per 1000 children.

All in all, Romania has a roughly equal distribution of males and females in its population, which in turn is very evenly divided amongst its age groups. With suitable opportunities and economic growth, Romania can certainly develop itself more and enhance its image around the world. It is showing steady signs of improvement over the years, and with an able work force available at its disposable, it can certainly become a country of much importance in the region.

Romania Population in 2017 Source: Mihai Petre

Romania Population Density

About Romania

Official Name Romania
Languages Spoken Romanian
Borders BGR, HUN, MDA, SRB, UKR
Is Landlocked No
Latitude/Longitude 46,25
Currencies Used RON

Romania Population Clock

What is the population of Romania (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 96
Deaths Per Day 142
Net Migrations Per Day -120
Net Change Per Day -166
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Romania Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 9.09 births/thousand 190th
Crude Death Rate 13.427 deaths/thousand 11th
Crude Net Migration Rate -2.28 people/thousand 159th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 74.963 years 90th
Life Expectancy (Male) 71.458 years 93rd
Life Expectancy (Female) 78.544 years 78th
Total Fertility Rate 1.517 children/woman 176th
Net Reproduction Rate 0.734 surviving daughters/woman 177th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.058 males per female 51st
Infant Mortality Rate 8.683 deaths/1,000 live births 130th
Under Five Mortality 11.592 deaths/thousand 124th
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.682 years 124th
Rate of Natural Increase -4.643 197th
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 3.123% 66th
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 3.996% 66th
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 2.2% 66th
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 14.498% 66th
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 20.119% 66th
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 8.675% 66th
Crude Suicide Rate 12.8 suicides/thousand 46th
Median Age (Total) 40.7 years 38th
Median Age (Female) 42.1 years 41st
Median Age (Male) 39.3 years 39th

Romania Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2017 19,237,513 48.399% 51.601% 83 122 -0.69% 59
2015 19,511,324 48.438% 51.562% 84 119 -0.71% 59
2010 20,298,838 48.576% 51.424% 88 111 -0.93% 57
2005 21,407,619 48.762% 51.238% 93 106 -0.95% 49
2000 22,128,139 48.92% 51.08% 96 102 -0.66% 46
1995 22,965,125 49.137% 50.863% 99 95 -0.7% 39
1990 23,489,361 49.297% 50.703% 102 88 -0.15% 36
1985 23,103,637 49.317% 50.683% 100 83 0.44% 33
1980 22,612,148 49.32% 50.68% 98 80 0.56% 33
1975 21,665,780 49.242% 50.758% 94 78 0.97% 33
1970 20,549,016 49.121% 50.879% 89 77 1.14% 32
1965 19,379,554 48.982% 51.018% 84 75 1.04% 31
1960 18,613,835 48.835% 51.165% 80 74 0.89% 29
1955 17,483,911 48.613% 51.387% 75 72 1.38% 29
1950 16,236,292 48.343% 51.657% 70 71 1.69% 29

Romania Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 18,847,505 48.352% 51.648% 81 127 -0.67% 64
2025 18,229,006 48.288% 51.712% 79 135 -0.66% 71
2030 17,639,269 48.237% 51.763% 76 140 -0.67% 74
2035 17,046,453 48.208% 51.792% 74 146 -0.7% 79
2040 16,448,539 48.216% 51.784% 71 150 -0.74% 79
2045 15,835,011 48.27% 51.73% 68 154 -0.79% 79
2050 15,206,524 48.353% 51.647% 66 154 -0.84% 81
2055 14,566,923 48.464% 51.536% 63 158 -0.88% 82
2060 13,932,170 48.641% 51.359% 60 160 -0.89% 84
2065 13,336,708 48.875% 51.125% 57 161 -0.83% 89
2070 12,814,521 49.145% 50.855% 55 162 -0.74% 93
2075 12,368,453 49.402% 50.598% 53 165 -0.66% 96
2080 11,983,059 49.614% 50.386% 52 166 -0.6% 96
2085 11,634,511 49.772% 50.228% 50 168 -0.57% 98
2090 11,308,770 49.885% 50.115% 49 171 -0.56% 98
2095 10,997,274 49.975% 50.025% 47 173 -0.55% 99
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations