Romania Population 2018

19,563,546

Romania is a small country that is constituted of 84.1% Ethnic Romanians from its total population while a small Hungarian minority makes up 5.4% of the population demographics.

As of early 2014, the population of Romania was around 21,595,302, a slight decrease from the estimated 21,668,721 in 2013 and from the 2011 population estimates when the figure stood at 21,801,942. Romania's population is actually decreasing at a rate of 0.32% per year. According to historical figures, Romania actually hit its population peak in the early 90s, when there were 23,372,101 people in Romania. In 2018 the population is estimated at 19.58 million.

The age structure of Romania is skewed heavily towards its inhabitants in the 25-54 year age group. They make up around 45.1% of the population. The younger generation in the 0-25 year age bracket also has a significant majority in the country with 27.1%. These are encouraging numbers, which show that Romania has a thriving work force and an upcoming generation available for its development, provided it can create suitable opportunities for its inhabitants to help develop it further in the long run. Moreover, the population of senior citizens in Romania (people 55 years and over) also make up a significant portion of the country's population at 27.8%. This population spread also shows that Romania has a very uniform distribution of its population in all age brackets except the 25-54 year olds.

The sex ratio is also uniquely uniform in Romania with the men and the women sharing almost equal numbers in the country. From 0-64 years old, the ratio is slightly tipped in favor of the males. There are 1.06 males for each female, but this changes to almost a 1:1 ratio when we look at the 55-64 year age structure. From 64 years and beyond, the sex ratio is skewed in favor of the women as the ratio then is 0.68 male per 1 female.

Romania Life Expectancy

This factor highlights that the life expectancy of women in Romania is higher than the men. Although the overall life expectancy in Romania is around 74.22 years, the life expectancy of males is 70.75 years only. In contrast to that, the life expectancy of women is 77.89 years, which is a significant difference between the sexes.

Most of Romania's population resides in the urban zones of the country. These include the major cities such as Bucharest, Cluj-Napoca, Timisoara, Iasi and Constanta. Around 55.20% of the total population is present in the city regions of the country, while the remaining 44.80% resides in the rural areas.

Furthermore, Romania has shown an encouraging decrease in infant mortality rates (IMR). Around the year 2002, it was reporting around 17.2 deaths per 1000 children. However, by 2012 this figure had fallen to 9.2 deaths per 1000 children.

All in all, Romania has a roughly equal distribution of males and females in its population, which in turn is very evenly divided amongst its age groups. With suitable opportunities and economic growth, Romania can certainly develop itself more and enhance its image around the world. It is showing steady signs of improvement over the years, and with an able work force available at its disposable, it can certainly become a country of much importance in the region.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 3 minutes
One death every 2 minutes
One net migrant every 18 minutes
Net loss of one person every 5 minutes

Romania Population in 2018Source: By Dobre Cezar [CC BY-SA 3.0 ro (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ro/deed.en)], from Wikimedia Commons

About Romania

Official NameRomania
Languages SpokenRomanian
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude4625
Currencies UsedRomania Leu
DemonymRomanian

Countries Bordering Romania

Bulgaria
Hungary
Moldova
Serbia
Ukraine

Romania Population Density

Romania Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Bucharest1,877,155
Sector 3385,439
Sector 6367,760
Sector 2345,370
Iasi318,012
Cluj-Napoca316,748
Timisoara315,053
Craiova304,142
Constanta303,399
Galati294,087
Sector 4287,828
Brasov276,088
Sector 5271,575
Ploiesti228,851
Sector 1225,453
Braila213,569
Oradea206,614
Bacau171,396
Arad169,065
Pitesti167,669

Romania Population Clock

The population of Romania (as of 9/2/2018)?19,563,546
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)19,580,634
Births Per Day513
Deaths Per Day698
Net Migrations Per Day -82
Net Change Per Day -267
Population Change Since January 1st-65,415

Romania Population Estimator

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Estimate as of September 2nd 2018 is: 19,563,844

Romania Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201819,580,63448.44%51.56%82.1460-0.50%
201719,679,30648.45%51.55%82.5559-0.50%
201619,778,08348.46%51.54%82.9659-0.50%
201519,876,62148.47%51.53%83.3859-0.56%
201020,440,34748.55%51.45%85.7456-0.94%
200521,431,01848.74%51.26%89.9050-0.64%
200022,128,12848.92%51.08%92.8246-0.74%
199522,965,11149.14%50.86%96.3339-0.45%
199023,489,37349.30%50.70%98.53360.33%
198523,103,64649.32%50.68%96.91330.43%
198022,611,97149.32%50.68%94.85330.86%
197521,665,64349.24%50.76%90.88331.06%
197020,548,91149.12%50.88%86.20321.18%
196519,379,56848.98%51.02%81.29310.81%
196018,613,93948.83%51.17%78.08291.26%
195517,483,93548.61%51.39%73.34291.49%
195016,236,29648.34%51.66%68.11290.00%

Romania Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202019,388,36248.44%51.56%81.33620.00%
202518,926,99648.44%51.56%79.3969-0.48%
203018,464,23748.45%51.55%77.4573-0.49%
203517,973,60848.46%51.54%75.4075-0.54%
204017,463,11048.51%51.49%73.2579-0.57%
204516,935,31448.59%51.41%71.0479-0.61%
205016,397,35248.68%51.32%68.7879-0.64%
205515,854,85448.79%51.21%66.5181-0.67%
206015,307,16348.93%51.07%64.2184-0.70%
206514,767,15949.12%50.88%61.9586-0.72%
207014,260,15049.33%50.67%59.8288-0.70%
207513,802,00549.53%50.47%57.9092-0.65%
208013,389,79249.70%50.30%56.1793-0.60%
208513,019,88749.83%50.17%54.6296-0.56%
209012,683,17149.93%50.07%53.2098-0.52%
209512,374,60150.01%49.99%51.9199-0.49%
Data Sources
  1. National Institute of Statistics
  2. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992, 2002 and 2011 censuses, with an official estimate of the total population for 1 July 2015, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer