Romania Population 2017

19,656,122

Romania is a small country that is constituted of 84.1% Ethnic Romanians from its total population while a small Hungarian minority makes up 5.4% of the population demographics.

As of early 2014, the population of Romania was around 21,595,302, a slight decrease from the estimated 21,668,721 in 2013 and from the 2011 population estimates when the figure stood at 21,801,942. Romania's population is actually decreasing at a rate of 0.32% per year. According to historical figures, Romania actually hit its population peak in the early 90s, when there were 23,372,101 people in Romania. In 2017 the population is estimated at 19.68 million.

The age structure of Romania is skewed heavily towards its inhabitants in the 25-54 year age group. They make up around 45.1% of the population. The younger generation in the 0-25 year age bracket also has a significant majority in the country with 27.1%. These are encouraging numbers, which show that Romania has a thriving work force and an upcoming generation available for its development, provided it can create suitable opportunities for its inhabitants to help develop it further in the long run. Moreover, the population of senior citizens in Romania (people 55 years and over) also make up a significant portion of the country's population at 27.8%. This population spread also shows that Romania has a very uniform distribution of its population in all age brackets except the 25-54 year olds.

The sex ratio is also uniquely uniform in Romania with the men and the women sharing almost equal numbers in the country. From 0-64 years old, the ratio is slightly tipped in favor of the males. There are 1.06 males for each female, but this changes to almost a 1:1 ratio when we look at the 55-64 year age structure. From 64 years and beyond, the sex ratio is skewed in favor of the women as the ratio then is 0.68 male per 1 female.

Romania Life Expectancy

This factor highlights that the life expectancy of women in Romania is higher than the men. Although the overall life expectancy in Romania is around 74.22 years, the life expectancy of males is 70.75 years only. In contrast to that, the life expectancy of women is 77.89 years, which is a significant difference between the sexes.

Most of Romania's population resides in the urban zones of the country. These include the major cities such as Bucharest, Cluj-Napoca, Timisoara, Iasi and Constanta. Around 55.20% of the total population is present in the city regions of the country, while the remaining 44.80% resides in the rural areas.

Furthermore, Romania has shown an encouraging decrease in infant mortality rates (IMR). Around the year 2002, it was reporting around 17.2 deaths per 1000 children. However, by 2012 this figure had fallen to 9.2 deaths per 1000 children.

All in all, Romania has a roughly equal distribution of males and females in its population, which in turn is very evenly divided amongst its age groups. With suitable opportunities and economic growth, Romania can certainly develop itself more and enhance its image around the world. It is showing steady signs of improvement over the years, and with an able work force available at its disposable, it can certainly become a country of much importance in the region.

Romania Population in 2018Source: Mihai Petre

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Romania Population Growth

About Romania

Official NameRomania
Languages SpokenRomanian
BordersBGR, HUN, MDA, SRB, UKR
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude4625
Currencies UsedRON

Romania Population Density

Name Population
Bucharest1,877,155
Iasi318,012
Cluj-Napoca316,748
Timisoara315,053
Craiova304,142
Constanta303,399
Galati294,087
Brasov276,088
Ploiesti228,851
Braila213,569
Oradea206,614
Bacau171,396
Arad169,065
Pitesti167,669
Sibiu151,894
Targu-Mures146,863
Baia Mare137,976
Baia Mare136,553
Buzau130,954
Botosani114,783
Satu Mare112,490
Ramnicu Valcea107,558
Suceava105,796
Focsani105,112
Piatra Neamt102,688
Drobeta-Turnu Severin102,346
Targu Jiu97,179
Tulcea92,475
Targoviste88,435
Bistrita81,318
Resita81,228
Slatina78,988
Vaslui69,225
Hunedoara69,136
Giurgiu69,067
Roman67,819
Barlad67,818
Deva67,802
Alba Iulia66,085
Zalau63,232
Sfantu-Gheorghe60,677
Turda54,586
Medias53,040
Slobozia52,710
Alexandria49,346
Pascani45,000
Petrosani44,187
Medgidia43,315
Lugoj43,243
Campina41,554
Miercurea-Ciuc41,282
Tecuci41,154
Sighetu Marmatiei40,653
Mangalia39,619
Ramnicu Sarat38,526
Dej38,033
Odorheiu Secuiesc36,532
Reghin-Sat35,490
Sighisoara34,537
Fogarasch34,034
Caracal33,761
Navodari33,106
Fetesti32,866
Curtea de Arges32,178
Dorohoi30,776
Rosiori de Vede30,774
Lupeni30,488
Voluntari30,323
Sacele29,918
Falticeni29,576
Husi29,129
Mioveni29,062
Vulcan28,869
Turnu Magurele28,783
Tarnaveni28,634
Aiud28,341
Caransebes27,521
Sebes27,246
Radauti27,241
Borsa26,966
Campia Turzii26,457
Oltenita26,356
Petrila25,234
Zarnesti24,926
Cugir24,734
Codlea24,188
Moinesti23,981
Fetesti-Gara23,789
Gherla23,741
Comanesti23,729
Carei22,583
Motru22,319
Orastie20,763
Buftea20,691
Dragasani20,630
Bals20,626
Moreni20,596
Targu Neamt20,473
Blaj20,371
Targu Secuiesc20,067
Corabia20,047
Baicoi19,869
Gheorgheni19,777
Campulung Moldovenesc19,765
Bailesti19,599
Filiasi18,995
Margita18,935
Calafat18,643
Cernavoda18,502
Buhusi18,395
Breaza17,949
Salonta17,561
Adjud17,298
Ludus17,165
Viseu de Sus16,938
Urziceni16,770
Baia Sprie16,746
Bocsa16,349
Pantelimon16,206
Vatra Dornei16,054
Brad15,988
Gura Humorului15,728
Simleu Silvaniei15,721
Mizil15,532
Ocna Mures15,316
Popesti-Leordeni15,279
Rasnov15,253
Zimnicea15,228
Cisnadie15,042
Gaesti15,037
Pucioasa14,971
Darmanesti14,290
Vicovu de Sus14,077
Avrig14,032
Simeria13,827
Targu Frumos13,797
Dabuleni13,641
Negresti-Oas13,456
Valenii de Munte13,276
Moldova Noua13,263
Ovidiu13,257
Comarnic13,254
Targu Ocna13,127
Sannicolau Mare12,888
Stefanesti12,837
Pecica12,804
Chitila12,788
Calan12,782
Santana12,706
Poiana Mare12,633
Scornicesti12,456
Orsova12,350
Oravita12,332
Rovinari12,259
Tandarei12,231
Draganesti-Olt12,056
Jilava12,023
Sinaia11,918
Darabani11,890
Tomesti11,828
Videle11,813
Storesti11,806
Urlati11,798
Marasheshty11,768
Holboca11,708
Bolintin Vale11,700
Matca11,642
Strehaia11,607
Otelu Rosu11,482
Sovata11,465
Boldesti-Scaeni11,460
Szekelyhid11,443
Nehoiu11,350
Belcesti11,335
Harlau11,295
Pechea11,287
Ianca11,209
Jibou11,183
Lipova11,041
Topoloveni11,039
Maneciu11,033
Dolhasca11,025
Covasna10,979
Liesti10,956
Beclean10,909
Murfatlar10,906
Breaza de Sus10,903
Hateg10,865
Jimbolia10,860
Dofteana10,785
Beius10,721
Costesti10,654
Agnita10,505
Deleni10,484
Vladimirescu10,451
Bumbesti-Jiu10,445
Calinesti10,419
Seini10,382
Nasaud10,380
Valea Calugareasca10,378
Otopeni10,332
Macin10,295
Bucov10,279
Alesd10,264
Cormaia10,254
Victoria10,247
Valea lui Mihai10,240
Sabaoani10,218
Filipestii de Padure10,169
Nicolae Balcescu10,140
Ciurea10,110
Babadag10,101
Titu10,081
Harsova10,055
Ineu10,051
Negresti10,043
Sascut10,031
Mihail Kogalniceanu9,970
Uricani9,924
Busteni9,906
Homocea9,869
Poienile de sub Munte9,865
Liteni9,833
Munteni9,760
Podu Iloaiei9,752
Cumpana9,731
Modelu9,672
Ivesti9,671
Curtici9,615
Budesti9,598
Oituz9,596
Plopeni9,579
Cristuru Secuiesc9,554
Borcea9,546
Prim Decembrie9,537
Cernica9,530
Zorleni9,511
Eforie Sud9,498
Marginea9,488
Berca9,479
Tasnad9,466
Dioszeg9,455
Simian9,434
Baraolt9,429
Huedin9,395
Magurele9,375
Babeni9,350
Iernut9,343
Siret9,246
Barcanesti9,225
Branesti9,094
Preutesti9,048
Vadu Pasii9,034
Intorsura Buzaului9,026
Ion Luca Caragiale8,982
Cobadin8,979
Borlesti8,965
Moisei8,877
Puchenii Mari8,869
Lovrin8,851
Panciu8,810
Hotarele8,790
Aricestii-Rahtivani8,764
Bascov8,759
Valu lui Traian8,733
Vanatori-Neamt8,707
Anina8,689
Roznov8,688
Apahida8,658
Salcea8,655
Targu Carbunesti8,646
Branesti8,645
Dragalina8,642
Joita8,616
Vernesti8,603
Pipirig8,569
Vulturu de Sus8,549
Milcovul8,547
Recas8,508
Calimanesti8,485
Targsoru Vechi8,460
Turceni8,458
Brazii de Sus8,406
Milisauti8,399
Zlatna8,393
Popesti8,386
Roata de Jos8,350
Bicaz8,340
Vidra8,322
Razvad8,305
Potlogi8,299
Tamaseni8,292
Sadova8,277
Bragadiru8,274
Corbii Mari8,257
Sangeorz-Bai8,244
Baleni Sarbi8,231
Brahasestii de Jos8,214
Raucesti8,204
Orbeasca de Sus8,203
Dragomiresti8,194
Chisineu-Cris8,171
Dumbraveni8,167
Miroslava8,127
Saveni8,126
Dumbraveni8,110
Prejmer8,106
Chiajna8,105
Buruenesti8,101
Nadlac8,067
Cudalbi8,055
Baciu8,046
Margineni-Munteni8,033
Odobesti8,026
Chirnogi8,022
Siria8,004
Gataia8,002
Vorona Teodoru7,992
Cotnari7,985
Balcani7,958
Segarcea7,944
Poduri7,937
Campeni7,932
Darmanesti7,919
Motatei7,898
Corod7,855
Piatra Soimului7,848
Vasilati7,840
Racaciuni7,839
Peretu7,816
Castelu7,816
Vacaresti7,812
Filipestii de Targ7,794
Adancata7,779
Pogoanele7,777
Sangeorgiu de Mures7,776
Suraia7,770
Tismana7,751
Gilau7,745
Comana7,717
Raducaneni7,706
Brahasestii de Sus7,692
Murgeni7,665
Tibanesti7,662
Blejoi7,646
Buzias7,625
Scobinti7,618
Cornesti7,616
Ulmi7,606
Band7,599
Brebu Manastirei7,591
Somcuta Mare7,584
Fieni7,566
Amara7,557
Scheia7,533
Bujor7,532
Floresti7,507
Mihailesti7,506
Tulucesti7,503
Sarichioi7,483
Sagna7,443
Asau7,438
Vidra7,423
Floresti7,397
Girov7,396
Sarmasu7,371
Bixad7,369
Doljesti7,359
Balesti7,333
Vadu Moldovei7,325
Insuratei7,309
Cornu Luncii7,288
Balan7,275
Maieru7,259
Armasesti7,243
Cajvana7,236
Peris7,235
Slobozia-Conache7,234
Glina7,227
Tarlungeni7,219
Ciacova7,205
Cojasca7,205
Helegiu7,195
Manesti7,186
Halmeu7,184
Gruiu7,183
Udesti7,177
Lumina7,168
Blagesti7,165
Malini7,163
Merei7,137
Pancota7,133
Faget7,125
Cordun7,124
Mediesu Aurit7,122
Umbraresti7,116
Teius7,112
Daneti7,110
Dumbrava Rosie7,104
Tibana7,098

Romania Population Clock

What is the population of Romania (as of 11/15/2017)?19,656,122
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)19,679,306
Births Per Day95
Deaths Per Day143
Net Migrations Per Day -120
Net Change Per Day -168
Population Change Since January 1st-53,592

Romania Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 9.018 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 13.567 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -2.28 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 75.079 years
Male Life Expectancy 71.586 years
Female Life Expectancy 78.648 years
Total Fertility Rate 1.528 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.734 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.058 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 8.471 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 11.292 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.682 years
Rate of Natural Increase -4.643
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 3.123%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 3.996%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 2.2%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 14.498%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 20.119%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 8.675%
Median Age (Total) 40.7 years
Median Age (Female) 42.1 years
Median Age (Male) 39.3 years

Romania Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
201719,679,30648.45%51.55%83-0.50%
201519,876,62148.47%51.53%83-0.56%
201020,440,34748.55%51.45%86-0.94%
200521,431,01848.74%51.26%90-0.64%
200022,128,12848.92%51.08%93-0.74%
199522,965,11149.14%50.86%96-0.45%
199023,489,37349.30%50.70%990.33%
198523,103,64649.32%50.68%970.43%
198022,611,97149.32%50.68%950.86%
197521,665,64349.24%50.76%911.06%
197020,548,91149.12%50.88%861.18%
196519,379,56848.98%51.02%810.81%
196018,613,93948.83%51.17%781.26%
195517,483,93548.61%51.39%731.49%
195016,236,29648.34%51.66%680.00%

Romania Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
202019,388,36248.44%51.56%810.00%
202518,926,99648.44%51.56%79-0.48%
203018,464,23748.45%51.55%77-0.49%
203517,973,60848.46%51.54%75-0.54%
204017,463,11048.51%51.49%73-0.57%
204516,935,31448.59%51.41%71-0.61%
205016,397,35248.68%51.32%69-0.64%
205515,854,85448.79%51.21%67-0.67%
206015,307,16348.93%51.07%64-0.70%
206514,767,15949.12%50.88%62-0.72%
207014,260,15049.33%50.67%60-0.70%
207513,802,00549.53%50.47%58-0.65%
208013,389,79249.70%50.30%56-0.60%
208513,019,88749.83%50.17%55-0.56%
209012,683,17149.93%50.07%53-0.52%
209512,374,60150.01%49.99%52-0.49%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer