Rwanda Population 2017

12,173,734

Rwanda is a sovereign state in central Africa with a widely varied geography. Rwanda has one of the highest population densities in Africa (1,060/sq mi) with a young, mostly rural population. In 2014, the population is estimated at 12.1 million, an increase from 2013's estimate of 11.8 million.

Rwandans are comprised of three primary groups: the Hutu (84%), Tutsi (15%) and Twa (1%) people. The Twa are forest-dwelling pygmy people descended from the earliest inhabitants of the region. There is a great deal of debate about the differences and origins of the Hutu and Tutsi, however.

Rwanda was first settled by hunter gatherers, then Bantu settlers. In 1884, Germany colonized the country, then Belgium during WWI. In 1959, the Hulu people revolted, massacring a large number of Tutsi people and establishing a new state three years later. The Tutsi launched a civil war in 1990, then a genocide in 1994 in which Hutu extremists killed up to one million Tutsi and Hutu.

There are very few major towns in Rwanda, and Kigali is the largest with one million people. Other larger towns are Gitarama, Butare and Gisenyi, all with less than 100,000 people.

Rwanda Population in 2017Source: Lemurbaby

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Rwanda Population Growth

Rwanda has worked hard to control its growth as Africa's most densely populated county, but it's expected to still reach 16 million by 2020.

About Rwanda

Official NameRepublic of Rwanda
Languages SpokenFrench, Kinyarwanda, English
BordersBDI, COD, TZA, UGA
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude-230
Currencies UsedRWF

Rwanda Population Density

Name Population
Nyanza
Nzega33,832
Kibungo46,240
Rwamagana47,203
Kibuye48,024
Cyangugu63,883
Byumba70,593
Gisenyi83,623
Musanze86,685
Gitarama87,613
Butare89,600
Kigali745,261

Rwanda Population Clock

What is the population of Rwanda (as of 10/16/2017)?12,173,734
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)12,159,586
Births Per Day199
Deaths Per Day43
Net Migrations Per Day -25
Net Change Per Day 131
Population Change Since January 1st37,859

Rwanda Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 29.854 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 6.43 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.732 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 65.788 years
Male Life Expectancy 63.102 years
Female Life Expectancy 68.185 years
Total Fertility Rate 3.639 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.618 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.023 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 43.049 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 61.785 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.812 years
Rate of Natural Increase 23.277
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 14.284%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 16.782%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 11.861%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 26.529%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 31.325%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 22.31%
Median Age (Total) 19 years
Median Age (Female) 19.2 years
Median Age (Male) 18.7 years

Rwanda Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
201712,159,58647.96%52.04%4932.27%
201511,609,66647.89%52.11%4712.33%
201010,293,66947.75%52.25%4172.52%
20059,008,23047.70%52.30%3652.44%
20008,021,87547.96%52.04%3253.76%
19955,912,75548.02%51.98%2403.08%
19907,259,74049.10%50.90%294-2.63%
19856,117,96649.21%50.79%2484.67%
19805,140,78649.17%50.83%2083.31%
19754,359,16649.11%50.89%1773.17%
19703,754,54649.08%50.92%1522.99%
19653,232,93749.04%50.96%1312.63%
19602,933,42449.08%50.92%1192.11%
19552,525,52449.09%50.91%1023.21%
19502,186,18749.15%50.85%892.91%

Rwanda Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
202012,996,59448.06%51.94%5272.11%
202514,377,38948.22%51.78%5831.92%
203015,784,60148.37%51.63%6401.80%
203517,223,38248.50%51.50%6981.66%
204018,644,10748.61%51.39%7561.47%
204519,977,13748.69%51.31%8101.26%
205021,187,37148.76%51.24%8591.06%
205522,266,92248.81%51.19%9030.90%
206023,221,60848.84%51.16%9410.75%
206524,043,06248.86%51.14%9750.61%
207024,714,27848.87%51.13%10020.46%
207525,223,08748.87%51.13%10220.33%
208025,575,96748.87%51.13%10370.21%
208525,789,14648.87%51.13%10450.10%
209025,872,54348.86%51.14%10490.01%
209525,835,87848.86%51.14%1047-0.08%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations