Rwanda Population 2019

12,783,240

Rwanda is a sovereign state in central Africa with a widely varied geography. Rwanda has one of the highest population densities in Africa (1,060/sq mi) with a young, mostly rural population. In 2019, the population is estimated at 12.79 million, an increase from 2013's estimate of 11.8 million. This puts Rwanda 77th in the world.

Rwandans are comprised of three primary groups: the Hutu (84%), Tutsi (15%) and Twa (1%) people. The Twa are forest-dwelling pygmy people descended from the earliest inhabitants of the region. There is a great deal of debate about the differences and origins of the Hutu and Tutsi, however.

Rwanda was first settled by hunter-gatherers, then Bantu settlers. In 1884, Germany colonized the country, then Belgium during WWI. In 1959, the Hulu people revolted, massacring a large number of Tutsi people and establishing a new state three years later. The Tutsi launched a civil war in 1990, then a genocide in 1994 in which Hutu extremists killed up to one million Tutsi and Hutu.

There are very few major towns in Rwanda, and Kigali is the largest with one million people. Other larger towns are Gitarama, Butare and Gisenyi, all with less than 100,000 people.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 1 minutes
One death every 7 minutes
One net migrant every 58 minutes
Net gain of one person every 2 minutes

Rwanda Population in 2018Source: By Arthur Buliva [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Rwanda Population Growth

Rwanda has worked hard to control its growth as Africa's most densely populated county, but it's expected to still reach 16 million by 2020.

Official NameRepublic of Rwanda
Languages SpokenEnglish, French, Kinyarwanda
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude-230
Currencies UsedRwanda Franc
DemonymRwandan
Name Population Location
Kigali745,261Map
Butare89,600Map
Gitarama87,613Map
Musanze86,685Map
Gisenyi83,623Map
Byumba70,593Map
Cyangugu63,883Map
Kibuye48,024Map
Rwamagana47,203Map
Kibungo46,240Map
Nzega33,832Map
NyanzaMap

Rwanda Population Clock

The population of Rwanda (as of 6/16/2019)?12,783,240
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2019)12,794,412
Births Per Day1,022
Deaths Per Day199
Net Migrations Per Day -25
Net Change Per Day 798
Population Change Since January 1st133,266

Rwanda Population Estimator

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Estimate as of June 16th 2019 is: 12,782,360

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201912,794,41249.05%50.95%485.78772.35%
201812,501,15649.04%50.96%474.64772.40%
201712,208,40749.04%50.96%463.53772.44%
201611,917,50849.03%50.97%452.48772.48%
201511,629,55349.02%50.98%441.55772.56%
201010,246,84248.96%51.04%389.05822.65%
20058,991,73548.88%51.12%341.40892.30%
20008,025,70348.78%51.22%304.72916.25%
19955,928,07848.51%51.49%225.0895-3.91%
19907,235,79849.27%50.73%274.73873.41%
19856,120,10749.23%50.77%232.37913.55%
19805,140,71649.17%50.83%195.18913.35%
19754,359,09249.11%50.89%165.51963.03%
19703,754,54149.08%50.92%142.55993.04%
19653,232,93449.04%50.96%122.751021.96%
19602,933,42849.08%50.92%111.381023.04%
19552,525,52749.09%50.91%95.891042.93%
19502,186,18549.15%50.85%83.001090.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202013,087,17349.05%50.95%496.89770.00%
202514,543,96549.09%50.91%552.20772.13%
203016,024,25249.12%50.88%608.41771.96%
203517,542,74649.14%50.86%666.06791.83%
204019,065,65849.15%50.85%723.88771.68%
204520,529,38049.15%50.85%779.46771.49%
205021,886,07749.14%50.86%830.97751.29%
205523,126,85449.13%50.87%878.08731.11%
206024,254,19749.12%50.88%920.88710.96%
206525,256,53149.11%50.89%958.94710.81%
207026,122,28449.10%50.90%991.81700.68%
207526,833,81649.09%50.91%1018.83690.54%
208027,390,32249.08%50.92%1039.95690.41%
208527,796,80249.07%50.93%1055.39690.30%
209028,059,36549.05%50.95%1065.36690.19%
209528,184,31449.03%50.97%1070.10690.09%
  1. Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning
  2. Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning
  3. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1978, 1990, and 2002 censuses adjusted for underenumeration, with provisional results from the 2012 census adjusted for underenumeration, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration. The 2002 and 2012 censuses were conducted on a 'de jure' basis.

  4. GeoNames Gazetteer