Rwanda Population 2018

12,609,684

Rwanda is a sovereign state in central Africa with a widely varied geography. Rwanda has one of the highest population densities in Africa (1,060/sq mi) with a young, mostly rural population. In 2018, the population is estimated at 12.50 million, an increase from 2013's estimate of 11.8 million.

Rwandans are comprised of three primary groups: the Hutu (84%), Tutsi (15%) and Twa (1%) people. The Twa are forest-dwelling pygmy people descended from the earliest inhabitants of the region. There is a great deal of debate about the differences and origins of the Hutu and Tutsi, however.

Rwanda was first settled by hunter gatherers, then Bantu settlers. In 1884, Germany colonized the country, then Belgium during WWI. In 1959, the Hulu people revolted, massacring a large number of Tutsi people and establishing a new state three years later. The Tutsi launched a civil war in 1990, then a genocide in 1994 in which Hutu extremists killed up to one million Tutsi and Hutu.

There are very few major towns in Rwanda, and Kigali is the largest with one million people. Other larger towns are Gitarama, Butare and Gisenyi, all with less than 100,000 people.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 1 minutes
One death every 7 minutes
One net migrant every 58 minutes
Net gain of one person every 2 minutes

Rwanda Population in 2018Source: By Arthur Buliva [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Rwanda Population Growth

Rwanda has worked hard to control its growth as Africa's most densely populated county, but it's expected to still reach 16 million by 2020.

About Rwanda

Official NameRepublic of Rwanda
Languages SpokenEnglish, French, Kinyarwanda
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude-230
Currencies UsedRwanda Franc
DemonymRwandan

Countries Bordering Rwanda

Burundi
Dr Congo
Tanzania
Uganda

Rwanda Population Density

Rwanda Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Kigali745,261
Butare89,600
Gitarama87,613
Musanze86,685
Gisenyi83,623
Byumba70,593
Cyangugu63,883
Kibuye48,024
Rwamagana47,203
Kibungo46,240
Nzega33,832
Nyanza

Rwanda Population Clock

The population of Rwanda (as of 11/13/2018)?12,609,684
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)12,501,156
Births Per Day1,020
Deaths Per Day197
Net Migrations Per Day -25
Net Change Per Day 798
Population Change Since January 1st252,966

Rwanda Population Estimator

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Estimate as of November 13th 2018 is: 12,609,621

Rwanda Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201812,501,15649.04%50.96%474.64772.40%
201712,208,40749.04%50.96%463.53772.44%
201611,917,50849.03%50.97%452.48772.48%
201511,629,55349.02%50.98%441.55772.56%
201010,246,84248.96%51.04%389.05822.65%
20058,991,73548.88%51.12%341.40892.30%
20008,025,70348.78%51.22%304.72916.25%
19955,928,07848.51%51.49%225.0895-3.91%
19907,235,79849.27%50.73%274.73873.41%
19856,120,10749.23%50.77%232.37913.55%
19805,140,71649.17%50.83%195.18913.35%
19754,359,09249.11%50.89%165.51963.03%
19703,754,54149.08%50.92%142.55993.04%
19653,232,93449.04%50.96%122.751021.96%
19602,933,42849.08%50.92%111.381023.04%
19552,525,52749.09%50.91%95.891042.93%
19502,186,18549.15%50.85%83.001090.00%

Rwanda Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202013,087,17349.05%50.95%496.89770.00%
202514,543,96549.09%50.91%552.20772.13%
203016,024,25249.12%50.88%608.41771.96%
203517,542,74649.14%50.86%666.06791.83%
204019,065,65849.15%50.85%723.88771.68%
204520,529,38049.15%50.85%779.46771.49%
205021,886,07749.14%50.86%830.97751.29%
205523,126,85449.13%50.87%878.08731.11%
206024,254,19749.12%50.88%920.88710.96%
206525,256,53149.11%50.89%958.94710.81%
207026,122,28449.10%50.90%991.81700.68%
207526,833,81649.09%50.91%1018.83690.54%
208027,390,32249.08%50.92%1039.95690.41%
208527,796,80249.07%50.93%1055.39690.30%
209028,059,36549.05%50.95%1065.36690.19%
209528,184,31449.03%50.97%1070.10690.09%
Data Sources
  1. Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning
  2. Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning
  3. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1978, 1990, and 2002 censuses adjusted for underenumeration, with provisional results from the 2012 census adjusted for underenumeration, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration. The 2002 and 2012 censuses were conducted on a 'de jure' basis.

  4. GeoNames Gazetteer