Rwanda Population 2016

[[getCurrentPopulation()]]

Rwanda is a sovereign state in central Africa with a widely varied geography. Rwanda has one of the highest population densities in Africa (1,060/sq mi) with a young, mostly rural population. In 2014, the population is estimated at 12.1 million, an increase from 2013's estimate of 11.8 million.

Rwandans are comprised of three primary groups: the Hutu (84%), Tutsi (15%) and Twa (1%) people. The Twa are forest-dwelling pygmy people descended from the earliest inhabitants of the region. There is a great deal of debate about the differences and origins of the Hutu and Tutsi, however.

Rwanda was first settled by hunter gatherers, then Bantu settlers. In 1884, Germany colonized the country, then Belgium during WWI. In 1959, the Hulu people revolted, massacring a large number of Tutsi people and establishing a new state three years later. The Tutsi launched a civil war in 1990, then a genocide in 1994 in which Hutu extremists killed up to one million Tutsi and Hutu.

There are very few major towns in Rwanda, and Kigali is the largest with one million people. Other larger towns are Gitarama, Butare and Gisenyi, all with less than 100,000 people.

Rwanda  Population in 2016 Source: Lemurbaby

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Rwanda Population Growth

Rwanda has worked hard to control its growth as Africa's most densely populated county, but it's expected to still reach 16 million by 2020.

Rwanda Population Density

About Rwanda

Official Name Republic of Rwanda
Languages Spoken English, French, Kinyarwanda
Borders BDI, COD, TZA, UGA
Is Landlocked Yes
Latitude/Longitude -2,30
Currencies Used RWF

Rwanda Population Clock

What is the population of Rwanda (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2016) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 199
Deaths Per Day 43
Net Migrations Per Day -25
Net Change Per Day 131
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Rwanda Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 30.494 births/thousand 44th
Crude Death Rate 6.622 deaths/thousand 131st
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.732 people/thousand 115th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 65.283 years 157th
Life Expectancy (Male) 62.478 years 160th
Life Expectancy (Female) 67.79 years 153rd
Total Fertility Rate 3.715 children/woman 48th
Net Reproduction Rate 1.618 surviving daughters/woman 48th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.023 males per female 198th
Infant Mortality Rate 44.312 deaths/1,000 live births 39th
Under Five Mortality 64.021 deaths/thousand 40th
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.812 years 79th
Rate of Natural Increase 23.277 42nd
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 14.284% 162nd
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 16.782% 167th
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 11.861% 156th
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 26.529% 162nd
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 31.325% 167th
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 22.31% 156th
Crude Suicide Rate 7.6 suicides/thousand 86th
Median Age (Total) 19 years 189th
Median Age (Female) 19.2 years 192nd
Median Age (Male) 18.7 years 189th

Rwanda Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2016 11,882,766 47.922% 52.078% 481 24 2.3% 76
2015 11,609,666 47.887% 52.113% 470 24 2.33% 76
2010 10,293,669 47.747% 52.253% 417 25 2.52% 81
2005 9,008,230 47.7% 52.3% 365 27 2.44% 88
2000 8,021,875 47.96% 52.04% 325 28 3.76% 90
1995 5,912,755 48.018% 51.982% 239 48 3.08% 96
1990 7,259,740 49.101% 50.899% 294 29 -2.63% 85
1985 6,117,965 49.215% 50.785% 247 34 4.67% 90
1980 5,140,786 49.166% 50.834% 208 38 3.31% 91
1975 4,359,166 49.111% 50.889% 176 44 3.17% 96
1970 3,754,546 49.084% 50.916% 152 48 2.99% 98
1965 3,232,937 49.044% 50.956% 131 48 2.63% 102
1960 2,933,424 49.076% 50.924% 118 50 2.11% 102
1955 2,525,524 49.091% 50.909% 102 52 3.21% 104
1950 2,186,187 49.146% 50.854% 88 56 2.91% 109

Rwanda Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 12,996,594 48.064% 51.936% 526 22 2.11% 77
2025 14,377,389 48.221% 51.779% 582 20 1.92% 77
2030 15,784,601 48.366% 51.634% 639 19 1.8% 78
2035 17,223,381 48.496% 51.504% 698 16 1.66% 78
2040 18,644,107 48.606% 51.394% 755 16 1.47% 77
2045 19,977,137 48.693% 51.307% 809 16 1.26% 77
2050 21,187,371 48.76% 51.24% 858 16 1.06% 75
2055 22,266,922 48.809% 51.191% 902 16 0.9% 74
2060 23,221,607 48.842% 51.158% 941 16 0.75% 74
2065 24,043,062 48.861% 51.139% 974 16 0.61% 73
2070 24,714,278 48.869% 51.131% 1,001 16 0.46% 72
2075 25,223,087 48.874% 51.126% 1,022 16 0.33% 71
2080 25,575,967 48.874% 51.126% 1,036 16 0.21% 71
2085 25,789,146 48.871% 51.129% 1,045 16 0.1% 69
2090 25,872,542 48.864% 51.136% 1,048 16 0.01% 70
2095 25,835,877 48.86% 51.14% 1,047 16 -0.08% 70
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations