Rwanda Population 2017

12,338,757

Rwanda is a sovereign state in central Africa with a widely varied geography. Rwanda has one of the highest population densities in Africa (1,060/sq mi) with a young, mostly rural population. In 2017, the population is estimated at 12.21 million, an increase from 2013's estimate of 11.8 million.

Rwandans are comprised of three primary groups: the Hutu (84%), Tutsi (15%) and Twa (1%) people. The Twa are forest-dwelling pygmy people descended from the earliest inhabitants of the region. There is a great deal of debate about the differences and origins of the Hutu and Tutsi, however.

Rwanda was first settled by hunter gatherers, then Bantu settlers. In 1884, Germany colonized the country, then Belgium during WWI. In 1959, the Hulu people revolted, massacring a large number of Tutsi people and establishing a new state three years later. The Tutsi launched a civil war in 1990, then a genocide in 1994 in which Hutu extremists killed up to one million Tutsi and Hutu.

There are very few major towns in Rwanda, and Kigali is the largest with one million people. Other larger towns are Gitarama, Butare and Gisenyi, all with less than 100,000 people.

Rwanda Population in 2018Source: Lemurbaby

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Rwanda Population Growth

Rwanda has worked hard to control its growth as Africa's most densely populated county, but it's expected to still reach 16 million by 2020.

About Rwanda

Official NameRepublic of Rwanda
Languages SpokenFrench, Kinyarwanda, English
BordersBDI, COD, TZA, UGA
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude-230
Currencies UsedRWF

Rwanda Population Density

Name Population
Kigali745,261
Butare89,600
Gitarama87,613
Musanze86,685
Gisenyi83,623
Byumba70,593
Cyangugu63,883
Kibuye48,024
Rwamagana47,203
Kibungo46,240
Nzega33,832
Nyanza

Rwanda Population Clock

What is the population of Rwanda (as of 12/12/2017)?12,338,757
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)12,208,407
Births Per Day1,016
Deaths Per Day198
Net Migrations Per Day -28
Net Change Per Day 790
Population Change Since January 1st273,340

Rwanda Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 30.807 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 6.008 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.872 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 67.114 years
Male Life Expectancy 64.972 years
Female Life Expectancy 69.212 years
Total Fertility Rate 3.865 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.75 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.022 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 38.43 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 53.861 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.07 years
Rate of Natural Increase 24.799
Median Age (Total) 19 years
Median Age (Female) 19.2 years
Median Age (Male) 18.7 years

Rwanda Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201712,208,40749.04%50.96%464772.46%
201511,629,55349.02%50.98%442772.56%
201010,246,84248.96%51.04%389822.65%
20058,991,73548.88%51.12%341892.30%
20008,025,70348.78%51.22%305916.25%
19955,928,07848.51%51.49%22595-3.91%
19907,235,79849.27%50.73%275873.41%
19856,120,10749.23%50.77%232913.55%
19805,140,71649.17%50.83%195913.35%
19754,359,09249.11%50.89%166963.03%
19703,754,54149.08%50.92%143993.04%
19653,232,93449.04%50.96%1231021.96%
19602,933,42849.08%50.92%1111023.04%
19552,525,52749.09%50.91%961042.93%
19502,186,18549.15%50.85%831090.00%

Rwanda Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202013,087,17349.05%50.95%497770.00%
202514,543,96549.09%50.91%552772.13%
203016,024,25249.12%50.88%608771.96%
203517,542,74649.14%50.86%666791.83%
204019,065,65849.15%50.85%724771.68%
204520,529,38049.15%50.85%779771.49%
205021,886,07749.14%50.86%831751.29%
205523,126,85449.13%50.87%878731.11%
206024,254,19749.12%50.88%921710.96%
206525,256,53149.11%50.89%959710.81%
207026,122,28449.10%50.90%992700.68%
207526,833,81649.09%50.91%1019690.54%
208027,390,32249.08%50.92%1040690.41%
208527,796,80249.07%50.93%1055690.30%
209028,059,36549.05%50.95%1065690.19%
209528,184,31449.03%50.97%1070690.09%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer