Saarc Countries

SAARC is an acronym that stands for the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation. This is a group of nations that have joined together as a geopolitical union and intergovernmental organization.

SAARC was originally founded in 1985. The organization’s goal is to promote economical development and regional integration. In 2006, SAARC launched the South Asian Free Trade Area.

There are eight member states of SAARC. These states together have a combined area of nearly 2 million square miles, making up a total of 3% of the world’s area. The population across all of the member states is over 1.7 billion, accounting for 21% of the world’s total population.

Member countries include:

There are also several countries that have observer status. Those nations are:

SAARC may grow in the future, as Myanmar has stated it would like to upgrade to become a full member. Russia and Turkey have also applied to become observers, while South Africa has previously participated in SAARC meetings.

Flag Name Area Population 2018 Growth Rate
India3,287,590 km²1,354,051,8541.11%
Pakistan881,912 km²200,813,8181.93%
Bangladesh147,570 km²166,368,1491.03%
Afghanistan652,230 km²36,373,1762.37%
Nepal147,181 km²29,624,0351.09%
Sri Lanka65,610 km²20,950,0410.35%
Bhutan38,394 km²817,0541.17%
Maldives300 km²444,2591.82%