Sao Tome and Principe Population 2017

204,327

Sao Tome and Principe, officially the Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe, is an island nation in the Gulf of Gunea off the western coast of Central Africa. Sao Tome and Principe is comprised of two archipelagos around the main islands of Sao Tome and Principe, which are 87 miles apart and about 150 miles off the coast of Gabon. Both islands are a part of an extinct volcanic mountain range. In 2017, the estimated population of Sao Tome and Principe is 204,327.

With an estimated population of 204,327, Sao Tome and Principe is the second-smallest African nation behind Seychelles and the smallest Portuguese-speaking country. Given its small size, it is little surprise that Sao Tome and Principe is fairly densely populated with 187 people per square kilometer (485/sq mi), which ranks 69th in the world. The capital and largest city is Sao Tome with an estimated population of 58,000.

Sao Tome and Principe Demographics

Prior to the arrival of the Portuguese around 1470, Sao Tome and Principe were uninhabited. The first settlement was established in 1493 on Sao Tome, while Principe was settled in 1500. When attracting settlers proved a challenge, the early inhabitants of the island became "undesirables" from Portugal, most of whom were Jews. Later, slaves were imported from the mainland or sugar plantations.

The first census in Sao Tome and Principe took place in 2011. It found that 157,500 people live on Sao Tome while 6,000 live on Principe. All inhabitants today are descended from people from various countries taken to the islands by the Portuguese, including Jews and slaves.

72% of the population is Catholic, 10% belong to another Christian denomination and 18% belong to another religion or are non-religious.

Sao Tome and Principe Population in 2018Source: No machine-readable author provided. Kotoviski assumed (based on copyright claims).

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Sao Tome and Principe Population Growth

Sao Tome and Principe is currently growing at a rather high 2.6% per year. The nation faces many problems, including a low life expectancy, few doctors, and mandatory school for just four years and an educational system that has insufficiently trained teachers, a shortage of classrooms, inadequate materials and high repetition rates.

About Sao Tome and Principe

Official NameDemocratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe
Languages SpokenPortuguese
Borders
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude17
Currencies UsedSTD

Sao Tome and Principe Population Density

Name Population
Sao Tome53,300
Santo Antonio1,156

Sao Tome and Principe Population Clock

What is the population of Sao Tome and Principe (as of 11/15/2017)?204,327
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)204,327
Births Per Day4
Deaths Per Day1
Net Migrations Per Day -3
Net Change Per Day
Population Change Since January 1st

Sao Tome and Principe Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 32.472 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 6.595 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -4.982 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 66.852 years
Male Life Expectancy 64.776 years
Female Life Expectancy 68.889 years
Total Fertility Rate 4.39 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.953 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 41.429 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 58.906 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.081 years
Rate of Natural Increase 25.606
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 13.172%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 15.103%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 11.162%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 24.632%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 27.857%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 21.383%
Median Age (Total) 18.2 years
Median Age (Female) 18.6 years
Median Age (Male) 17.8 years

Sao Tome and Principe Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
2017204,32749.80%50.20%2122.22%
2015195,55349.79%50.21%2032.27%
2010174,77649.76%50.24%1812.35%
2005155,63049.71%50.29%1612.34%
2000138,60649.65%50.35%1441.85%
1995126,45449.59%50.41%1312.11%
1990113,89349.52%50.48%1181.91%
1985103,63449.44%50.57%1081.77%
198094,94949.34%50.66%982.82%
197582,60749.75%50.26%862.16%
197074,25350.12%49.88%772.76%
196564,79652.74%47.27%670.17%
196064,25355.64%44.37%671.80%
195558,78355.54%44.47%61-0.41%
195060,00255.53%44.46%620.00%

Sao Tome and Principe Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
2020218,01149.81%50.19%2260.00%
2025242,28249.81%50.19%2512.13%
2030268,47149.81%50.19%2782.07%
2035295,86449.79%50.21%3071.96%
2040323,81449.75%50.24%3361.82%
2045351,90249.70%50.29%3651.68%
2050379,74949.64%50.36%3941.53%
2055407,33249.56%50.44%4231.41%
2060434,34949.48%50.52%4511.29%
2065460,73149.40%50.61%4781.19%
2070486,34049.31%50.69%5051.09%
2075510,90749.23%50.77%5300.99%
2080533,99749.14%50.86%5540.89%
2085555,34249.06%50.94%5760.79%
2090574,65648.98%51.02%5960.69%
2095591,95848.92%51.08%6140.60%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer