Sao Tome And Principe Population 2017

198,481

With an estimated population of 190,000, Sao Tome and Principe is the second-smallest African nation behind Seychelles and the smallest Portuguese-speaking country. Given its small size, it is little surprise that Sao Tome and Principe is fairly densely populated with 187 people per square kilometer (485/sq mi), which ranks 69th in the world. The capital and largest city is Sao Tome with an estimated population of 58,000.

Sao Tome and Principe Demographics

Prior to the arrival of the Portuguese around 1470, Sao Tome and Principe were uninhabited. The first settlement was established in 1493 on Sao Tome, while Principe was settled in 1500. When attracting settlers proved a challenge, the early inhabitants of the island became "undesirables" from Portugal, most of whom were Jews. Later, slaves were imported from the mainland or sugar plantations.

The first census in Sao Tome and Principe took place in 2011. It found that 157,500 people live on Sao Tome while 6,000 live on Principe. All inhabitants today are descended from people from various countries taken to the islands by the Portuguese, including Jews and slaves.

72% of the population is Catholic, 10% belong to another Christian denomination and 18% belong to another religion or are non-religious.

Sao Tome And Principe Population in 2017Source: No machine-readable author provided. Kotoviski assumed (based on copyright claims).

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Sao Tome And Principe Population Growth

Sao Tome and Principe is currently growing at a rather high 2.6% per year. The nation faces many problems, including a low life expectancy, few doctors, and mandatory school for just four years and an educational system that has insufficiently trained teachers, a shortage of classrooms, inadequate materials and high repetition rates.

About Sao Tome And Principe

Official NameDemocratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe
Languages SpokenPortuguese
Borders
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude17
Currencies UsedSTD

Sao Tome And Principe Population Density

Name Population
Santo Antonio1,156
Sao Tome53,300

Sao Tome And Principe Population Clock

What is the population of Sao Tome And Principe (as of September 13, 2017)?198,481
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)198481
Births Per Day4
Deaths Per Day1
Net Migrations Per Day -3
Net Change Per Day
Population Change Since January 1st

Sao Tome And Principe Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 32.472 births/thousand34
Crude Death Rate 6.595 deaths/thousand129
Crude Net Migration Rate -4.982 people/thousand178
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 66.852 years148
Male Life Expectancy 64.776 years150
Female Life Expectancy 68.889 years150
Total Fertility Rate 4.39 children/woman29
Net Reproduction Rate 1.953 surviving daughters/woman21
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female160
Infant Mortality Rate 41.429 deaths/1,000 live births45
Under Five Mortality 58.906 deaths/thousand42
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.081 years61
Rate of Natural Increase 25.606 27
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 13.172 %158
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 15.103 %162
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 11.162 %154
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 24.632 %152
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 27.857 %141
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 21.383 %152
Crude Suicide Rate 0 suicides/thousand0
Median Age (Total) 18.2 years199
Median Age (Female) 18.6 years195
Median Age (Male) 17.8 years200

Sao Tome And Principe Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2017198,48149.795%50.205%206682.06%187
2015190,34449.783%50.217%198672.1%188
2010170,88049.744%50.256%178672.18%189
2005153,14649.695%50.305%159662.22%190
2000137,16449.637%50.363%142682.05%190
1995125,69449.586%50.414%130711.78%190
1990113,57549.516%50.484%118752.03%190
1985103,55749.435%50.565%107781.73%191
198094,95249.341%50.66%98802.08%191
197582,60749.744%50.256%86842.72%192
197074,25150.122%49.878%77892.31%192
196564,79752.732%47.268%67901.93%192
196064,25455.631%44.371%66850.46%188
195558,78255.534%44.466%61841.62%188
195060,00055.533%44.467%6277-1.34%186

Sao Tome And Principe Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020211,03949.808%50.192%219632.01%187
2025232,98249.821%50.179%242611.94%187
2030256,21849.821%50.179%266581.84%187
2035280,27249.807%50.193%291551.73%187
2040304,78349.777%50.223%317491.6%186
2045329,24449.732%50.268%342451.46%185
2050353,18049.674%50.326%367431.33%185
2055376,46749.602%50.398%392401.21%183
2060399,00449.526%50.474%415391.1%182
2065420,73049.451%50.549%438381.01%181
2070441,66449.377%50.623%460350.92%181
2075461,62649.299%50.701%480330.83%181
2080480,27649.227%50.773%500320.73%180
2085497,17349.157%50.843%517260.64%178
2090512,29849.099%50.901%533260.55%176
2095525,68749.057%50.943%547260.47%176
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations