Saudi Arabia Population 2018


Saudi Arabia, officially known as the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, is the second largest Arab state (the first is Algeria) and comprises the majority of the Arabian Peninsula. Jordan and Iraq are on its north border; Kuwait on its northeast; Bahrain, Qatar and United Arab Emirates to the east; Yemen to its south; Oman to its southeast; and the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea to its east. The population of the country is estimated to be around 33.55 million in 2018.

It is also reported to have over 2 million illegal immigrants. Saudi Arabia is the birthplace of the religion Islam, which is one of the largest religions in the world. It is also sometimes referred to as “The Land of Two Holy Mosques.” This is because of the two holiest mosques in Islam, the Masjid-e-Nabwi in Medina and the Masjid-al-Haram in Mecca. The country receives a large number of foreigners who are Muslims every year for the Islamic practices of Haj and Umrah, which are among the five pillars of Islam and must be conducted at least once in a lifetime.

The country has the second largest oil reserves in the world, which account for about 70% of the government’s revenue and 95% of its exports every year. It also has the fourth largest natural gas reserves. Saudi Arabia is the only country in the whole world which has a law prohibiting the women of the country to drive.

According to the census held in 2012, the population of the country was estimated to be 29,195,895 - the 43rd largest in the world. But the recent estimates for 2016 indicate the total population has grown to over 31 million. Riyadh, which is the capital of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and also the largest city in the kingdom, is home to over 7 million people. This accounts for over 22% of the population of the whole country.

Although the government does not hold any census on religion, there is evidence that the country is 100% Muslim. There have been estimates which indicate that the majority are of the Sunni branch of Islam, at 85-90%. The other major Islam group is the Shiites, who comprise the remaining 10-15% of the community.

The population of Saudi Arabia has a growth rate of 1.49%, which is the latest 2014 estimate. This is the 80th highest growth rate of the entire world. The country’s population includes approximately 9 million non-nationals who live in the country legally for work or other purposes. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia does not provide residency to any foreigners. They are only given visas for their stay in the country but then have to leave when the visa expires if it is not renewed.

Population through the Years

The population has been rising significantly over the years. According to a census held many years ago, the population was about 3,121,000. It then underwent a 29.5% increase and jumped up to 4,041,000 in 1960. This growth rate then increased greatly during the next 10 years. By 1980, the population had become 9,801,000 (an increase of 69.8%) and had grown to 16,139,000 in 1990 (a 64.7% increase). At this point, the government realized how drastically their country was becoming overcrowded and started implementing laws to control population growth. As a result, the population only grew by 24.2% in the next decade, with the total number counted at 20,045,000 in 2000. This rate further decreased by 6.4%, with the total population adding up to 29,195,895.

Life Expectancy

The birth rate in Saudi Arabia is 18.51 births per 1000 people, and the total fertility rate is 2.17 children born per woman. This was an estimate calculated through the results of the census held in 2012. The number of births and deaths per year has been increasing over the past years. Current figures indicate 569,000 births per year and 98,000 deaths per year.


The population is divided among different age groups. The 0-14 age group contains the median amount of the population, comprising 32.4% of the total. The middle age group of 15-64 makes up the greatest share of the total population - about 64.8%. The 65+ age group comprises 2.8% of the total population.

The sex ratio at the time of birth is 1.05 males per female. For the under-15 age group, this ratio is 1.05 males per female; for the 15-64 age group, it is 1.03 males per female; and for the 65+ age group, it is 1.03 males per female. For the total population, the mean ratio is 1.21 males per female.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 50 seconds
One death every 4 minutes
One net migrant every 4 minutes
Net gain of one person every 50 seconds

Saudi Arabia Population in 2018Source: By B.alotaby [CC BY-SA 4.0 (], from Wikimedia Commons

Saudi Arabia Population Pyramid 2018

0k100k200k300k400kSaudi Arabia Male Population0k100k200k300k400kSaudi Arabia Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Saudi Arabia Median Age







Saudi Arabia Population by Age

There are 23,257,943 adults in Saudi Arabia.

Census Years

Year Date
201012 May 2010
200415 September 2004
199227 September 1992

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Saudi Arabia Population Growth

The population is expected to rise in the future. It is likely to reach 39.1 million by the end 2030, and is predicted to reach 47.7 million by 2060. The growth rate, though, is expected to decrease. According to the forecast, the growth rate of Saudi Arabia’s population is likely to decrease to 1.09 by the year 2030, and further fall to 0.277 during the next 30 years, by the year 2060.

About Saudi Arabia

Official NameKingdom of Saudi Arabia
Languages SpokenArabic
Is LandlockedNo
Currencies UsedSaudi Arabia Riyal
DemonymSaudi Arabian

Saudi Arabia Population Density

Saudi Arabia Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Al Kharj425,300
Khamis Mushait387,553
Al Hufuf293,179
Al Mubarraz290,802
Hafar Al-Batin271,642
Al Jubayl237,274

Saudi Arabia Population Clock

The population of Saudi Arabia (as of 6/18/2018)?33,533,631
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)33,554,343
Births Per Day1,730
Deaths Per Day327
Net Migrations Per Day 323
Net Change Per Day 1,726
Population Change Since January 1st291,694

Saudi Arabia Population Indicators

Crude Birth Rate 19.07 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 3.602 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 3.561 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 74.8 years
Male Life Expectancy 73.5 years
Female Life Expectancy 76.59 years
Total Fertility Rate 2.481 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.19 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 10.912 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 12.86 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 32.194 years
Rate of Natural Increase 15.468

Saudi Arabia Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate

Saudi Arabia Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
Data Sources
  1. General Authority for Statistics
  2. General Authority for Statistics
  3. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1974, 1992, 2004 and 2010 censuses adjusted for underenumeration, with official population estimates for 2005, 2009, 2012, 2015 and 2016, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration. Due to fluctuations in the reported data, priority was given to the estimates of certain years.

  4. GeoNames Gazetteer