Saudi Arabia Population 2017

33,002,521

Saudi Arabia, officially known as the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, is the second largest Arab state (the first is Algeria) and comprises the majority of the Arabian Peninsula. Jordan and Iraq are on its north border; Kuwait on its northeast; Bahrain, Qatar and United Arab Emirates to the east; Yemen to its south; Oman to its southeast; and the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea to its east. The population of the country is estimated to be around 32.94 million in 2017.

It is also reported to have over 2 million illegal immigrants. Saudi Arabia is the birthplace of the religion Islam, which is one of the largest religions in the world. It is also sometimes referred to as “The Land of Two Holy Mosques.” This is because of the two holiest mosques in Islam, the Masjid-e-Nabwi in Medina and the Masjid-al-Haram in Mecca. The country receives a large number of foreigners who are Muslims every year for the Islamic practices of Haj and Umrah, which are among the five pillars of Islam and must be conducted at least once in a lifetime.

The country has the second largest oil reserves in the world, which account for about 70% of the government’s revenue and 95% of its exports every year. It also has the fourth largest natural gas reserves. Saudi Arabia is the only country in the whole world which has a law prohibiting the women of the country to drive.

According to the census held in 2012, the population of the country was estimated to be 29,195,895 - the 43rd largest in the world. But the recent estimates for 2016 indicate the total population has grown to over 31 million. Riyadh, which is the capital of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and also the largest city in the kingdom, is home to over 7 million people. This accounts for over 22% of the population of the whole country.

Although the government does not hold any census on religion, there is evidence that the country is 100% Muslim. There have been estimates which indicate that the majority are of the Sunni branch of Islam, at 85-90%. The other major Islam group is the Shiites, who comprise the remaining 10-15% of the community.

The population of Saudi Arabia has a growth rate of 1.49%, which is the latest 2014 estimate. This is the 80th highest growth rate of the entire world. The country’s population includes approximately 9 million non-nationals who live in the country legally for work or other purposes. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia does not provide residency to any foreigners. They are only given visas for their stay in the country but then have to leave when the visa expires if it is not renewed.

Population through the Years

The population has been rising significantly over the years. According to a census held many years ago, the population was about 3,121,000. It then underwent a 29.5% increase and jumped up to 4,041,000 in 1960. This growth rate then increased greatly during the next 10 years. By 1980, the population had become 9,801,000 (an increase of 69.8%) and had grown to 16,139,000 in 1990 (a 64.7% increase). At this point, the government realized how drastically their country was becoming overcrowded and started implementing laws to control population growth. As a result, the population only grew by 24.2% in the next decade, with the total number counted at 20,045,000 in 2000. This rate further decreased by 6.4%, with the total population adding up to 29,195,895.

Life Expectancy

The birth rate in Saudi Arabia is 18.51 births per 1000 people, and the total fertility rate is 2.17 children born per woman. This was an estimate calculated through the results of the census held in 2012. The number of births and deaths per year has been increasing over the past years. Current figures indicate 569,000 births per year and 98,000 deaths per year.

Demographics

The population is divided among different age groups. The 0-14 age group contains the median amount of the population, comprising 32.4% of the total. The middle age group of 15-64 makes up the greatest share of the total population - about 64.8%. The 65+ age group comprises 2.8% of the total population.

The sex ratio at the time of birth is 1.05 males per female. For the under-15 age group, this ratio is 1.05 males per female; for the 15-64 age group, it is 1.03 males per female; and for the 65+ age group, it is 1.03 males per female. For the total population, the mean ratio is 1.21 males per female.

Saudi Arabia Population in 2018Source: Ammar shaker

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Saudi Arabia Population Growth

The population is expected to rise in the future. It is likely to reach 39.1 million by the end 2030, and is predicted to reach 47.7 million by 2060. The growth rate, though, is expected to decrease. According to the forecast, the growth rate of Saudi Arabia’s population is likely to decrease to 1.09 by the year 2030, and further fall to 0.277 during the next 30 years, by the year 2060.

About Saudi Arabia

Official NameKingdom of Saudi Arabia
Languages SpokenArabic
BordersIRQ, JOR, KWT, OMN, QAT, ARE, YEM
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude2545
Currencies UsedSAR

Saudi Arabia Population Density

Name Population
Riyadh4,205,961
Jeddah2,867,446
Mecca1,323,624
Medina1,300,000
Sultanah946,697
Dammam768,602
Ta'if530,848
Tabuk455,450
Buraydah391,336
Khamis Mushait387,553
Al Hufuf293,179
Al Mubarraz290,802
Hayil267,005
Najran258,573
Al Jubayl237,274
Abha210,886
Yanbu` al Bahr200,161
Khobar165,799
Unaizah163,729
'Ar'ar148,540
Sakaka128,332
Jizan105,198
Al Qurayyat102,903
Dhahran99,540
Al Qatif98,259
Al Bahah88,419
Tarut85,371
Qal`at Bishah81,828
Ar Rass81,728
Ash Shafa72,190
Sayhat66,702
Al Mithnab60,870
Al Khafji54,857
Ad Dawadimi54,474
Sabya54,108
Az Zulfi53,144
Abu `Arish49,171
Safwa45,876
Rabigh41,759
Rahimah41,188
Turayf40,819
`Afif40,648
Tubarjal40,019
Ad Dilam35,371
Umm Lajj33,874
Al 'Ula32,413
Abqaiq29,474
Badr Hunayn27,257
Samitah26,945
Al Wajh26,636
Al Bukayriyah25,153
An Nimas24,153
As Sulayyil24,097
Turabah23,235
Al Jumum22,207
Duba22,000
At Taraf21,386
Al Qaysumah20,685
Al Battaliyah16,606
Al Munayzilah16,296
Al Majaridah14,830
Tanumah13,594
Al Qurayn12,013
Umm as Sahik11,813
Sajir11,717
Al Awjam11,460
Farasan10,527
Al Mindak9,218
Al Artawiyah9,152
Al Jubayl9,108
Al Qarah9,106
Marat8,885
Al Jafr8,715
Suwayr8,515
Tumayr8,246
At Tubi7,740
Al Jaradiyah7,396
Al Muwayh7,364
As Saffaniyah7,014
Al Hada6,885
Al Markaz6,464
Misliyah6,117
Al Mutayrifi5,962
Mizhirah5,529
Ad Darb5,378
Julayjilah5,359
Mulayjah5,247
Al Fuwayliq5,205
Tabalah5,151

Saudi Arabia Population Clock

What is the population of Saudi Arabia (as of 11/15/2017)?33,002,521
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)32,938,213
Births Per Day336
Deaths Per Day62
Net Migrations Per Day 192
Net Change Per Day 466
Population Change Since January 1st148,654

Saudi Arabia Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 18.776 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 3.482 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 2.124 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 74.721 years
Male Life Expectancy 73.442 years
Female Life Expectancy 76.218 years
Total Fertility Rate 2.615 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.241 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 13.479 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 14.789 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 32.298 years
Rate of Natural Increase 15.027
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 3.799%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 4.23%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 3.364%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 10.328%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 10.982%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 9.433%
Median Age (Total) 27.2 years
Median Age (Female) 26.2 years
Median Age (Male) 27.9 years

Saudi Arabia Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
201732,938,21357.07%42.93%152.16%
201531,557,14456.70%43.30%152.85%
201027,425,67656.15%43.85%132.79%
200523,905,65455.66%44.34%112.86%
200020,764,31254.46%45.54%102.08%
199518,735,84155.48%44.52%92.79%
199016,326,81556.01%43.99%84.36%
198513,189,11554.90%45.10%66.25%
19809,740,59953.64%46.36%55.57%
19757,428,70352.02%47.98%34.94%
19705,836,38950.91%49.09%33.80%
19654,843,63550.46%49.54%23.46%
19604,086,53950.22%49.78%22.81%
19553,558,15550.44%49.56%22.65%
19503,121,33550.75%49.25%10.00%

Saudi Arabia Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
202034,709,64057.47%42.53%160.00%
202537,290,30557.02%42.98%171.44%
203039,480,34956.62%43.38%181.15%
203541,317,41956.23%43.77%190.91%
204042,777,61155.73%44.27%200.70%
204544,026,51655.22%44.78%200.58%
205045,056,34954.73%45.27%210.46%
205545,790,67654.27%45.73%210.32%
206046,184,56153.89%46.11%210.17%
206546,272,45753.59%46.41%220.04%
207046,160,34553.36%46.64%21-0.05%
207545,951,11853.18%46.82%21-0.09%
208045,698,63553.02%46.98%21-0.11%
208545,406,14152.85%47.15%21-0.13%
209045,043,75352.67%47.33%21-0.16%
209544,589,08152.48%47.52%21-0.20%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer