Saudi Arabia Population 2017

[[getCurrentPopulation()]]

Saudi Arabia, officially known as the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, is the second largest Arab state (the first is Algeria) and comprises the majority of the Arabian Peninsula. Jordan and Iraq are on its north border; Kuwait on its northeast; Bahrain, Qatar and United Arab Emirates to the east; Yemen to its south; Oman to its southeast; and the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea to its east. The population of the country is estimated to be around 31,000,000 in 2016.

It is also reported to have over 2 million illegal immigrants. Saudi Arabia is the birthplace of the religion Islam, which is one of the largest religions in the world. It is also sometimes referred to as “The Land of Two Holy Mosques.” This is because of the two holiest mosques in Islam, the Masjid-e-Nabwi in Medina and the Masjid-al-Haram in Mecca. The country receives a large number of foreigners who are Muslims every year for the Islamic practices of Haj and Umrah, which are among the five pillars of Islam and must be conducted at least once in a lifetime.

The country has the second largest oil reserves in the world, which account for about 70% of the government’s revenue and 95% of its exports every year. It also has the fourth largest natural gas reserves. Saudi Arabia is the only country in the whole world which has a law prohibiting the women of the country to drive.

According to the census held in 2012, the population of the country was estimated to be 29,195,895 - the 43rd largest in the world. But the recent estimates for 2016 indicate the total population has grown to over 31 million. Riyadh, which is the capital of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and also the largest city in the kingdom, is home to over 7 million people. This accounts for over 22% of the population of the whole country.

Although the government does not hold any census on religion, there is evidence that the country is 100% Muslim. There have been estimates which indicate that the majority are of the Sunni branch of Islam, at 85-90%. The other major Islam group is the Shiites, who comprise the remaining 10-15% of the community.

The population of Saudi Arabia has a growth rate of 1.49%, which is the latest 2014 estimate. This is the 80th highest growth rate of the entire world. The country’s population includes approximately 9 million non-nationals who live in the country legally for work or other purposes. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia does not provide residency to any foreigners. They are only given visas for their stay in the country but then have to leave when the visa expires if it is not renewed.

Population through the Years

The population has been rising significantly over the years. According to a census held many years ago, the population was about 3,121,000. It then underwent a 29.5% increase and jumped up to 4,041,000 in 1960. This growth rate then increased greatly during the next 10 years. By 1980, the population had become 9,801,000 (an increase of 69.8%) and had grown to 16,139,000 in 1990 (a 64.7% increase). At this point, the government realized how drastically their country was becoming overcrowded and started implementing laws to control population growth. As a result, the population only grew by 24.2% in the next decade, with the total number counted at 20,045,000 in 2000. This rate further decreased by 6.4%, with the total population adding up to 29,195,895.

Life Expectancy

The birth rate in Saudi Arabia is 18.51 births per 1000 people, and the total fertility rate is 2.17 children born per woman. This was an estimate calculated through the results of the census held in 2012. The number of births and deaths per year has been increasing over the past years. Current figures indicate 569,000 births per year and 98,000 deaths per year.

Demographics

The population is divided among different age groups. The 0-14 age group contains the median amount of the population, comprising 32.4% of the total. The middle age group of 15-64 makes up the greatest share of the total population - about 64.8%. The 65+ age group comprises 2.8% of the total population.

The sex ratio at the time of birth is 1.05 males per female. For the under-15 age group, this ratio is 1.05 males per female; for the 15-64 age group, it is 1.03 males per female; and for the 65+ age group, it is 1.03 males per female. For the total population, the mean ratio is 1.21 males per female.

Saudi Arabia Population in 2017 Source: Ammar shaker

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Saudi Arabia Population Growth

The population is expected to rise in the future. It is likely to reach 39.1 million by the end 2030, and is predicted to reach 47.7 million by 2060. The growth rate, though, is expected to decrease. According to the forecast, the growth rate of Saudi Arabia’s population is likely to decrease to 1.09 by the year 2030, and further fall to 0.277 during the next 30 years, by the year 2060.

Saudi Arabia Population Density

About Saudi Arabia

Official Name Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Languages Spoken Arabic
Borders IRQ, JOR, KWT, OMN, QAT, ARE, YEM
Is Landlocked No
Latitude/Longitude 25,45
Currencies Used SAR

Saudi Arabia Population Clock

What is the population of Saudi Arabia (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 338
Deaths Per Day 60
Net Migrations Per Day 192
Net Change Per Day 470
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Saudi Arabia Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 19.23 births/thousand 94th
Crude Death Rate 3.445 deaths/thousand 193rd
Crude Net Migration Rate 2.124 people/thousand 33rd
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 74.584 years 94th
Life Expectancy (Male) 73.306 years 74th
Life Expectancy (Female) 76.054 years 109th
Total Fertility Rate 2.663 children/woman 73rd
Net Reproduction Rate 1.241 surviving daughters/woman 68th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female 160th
Infant Mortality Rate 13.913 deaths/1,000 live births 106th
Under Five Mortality 15.256 deaths/thousand 109th
Mean Age at Childbearing 32.298 years 6th
Rate of Natural Increase 15.027 77th
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 3.799% 77th
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 4.23% 68th
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 3.364% 89th
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 10.328% 77th
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 10.982% 68th
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 9.433% 89th
Crude Suicide Rate 0.3 suicides/thousand 168th
Median Age (Total) 27.2 years 135th
Median Age (Female) 26.2 years 140th
Median Age (Male) 27.9 years 122nd

Saudi Arabia Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2017 32,742,664 56.435% 43.565% 15 203 1.69% 41
2015 31,540,372 56.549% 43.451% 14 203 1.94% 41
2010 28,090,647 56.316% 43.684% 13 202 2.45% 43
2005 24,745,230 55.81% 44.19% 11 204 2.69% 45
2000 21,392,272 55.076% 44.924% 9 204 2.84% 48
1995 18,853,670 55.712% 44.288% 8 204 2.5% 48
1990 16,361,453 55.954% 44.046% 7 206 3.18% 51
1985 13,361,284 54.788% 45.212% 6 206 4.79% 52
1980 9,912,917 53.508% 46.492% 4 211 6.29% 58
1975 7,428,705 52.023% 47.977% 3 212 5.46% 71
1970 5,836,394 50.915% 49.085% 2 212 4.35% 76
1965 4,843,635 50.463% 49.537% 2 212 3.49% 77
1960 4,086,539 50.218% 49.782% 1 214 3.19% 84
1955 3,558,164 50.437% 49.563% 1 214 2.65% 84
1950 3,121,336 50.754% 49.246% 1 213 2.44% 86

Saudi Arabia Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 34,366,240 56.145% 43.855% 15 204 1.49% 41
2025 36,846,750 55.7% 44.3% 17 203 1.27% 41
2030 39,132,369 55.261% 44.739% 18 203 1.11% 42
2035 41,235,387 54.808% 45.192% 19 202 0.96% 41
2040 43,135,740 54.339% 45.661% 20 202 0.81% 42
2045 44,762,954 53.874% 46.126% 20 202 0.64% 43
2050 46,059,398 53.429% 46.571% 21 202 0.47% 44
2055 47,021,282 53.038% 46.962% 21 202 0.33% 47
2060 47,685,554 52.711% 47.289% 22 202 0.22% 48
2065 48,143,599 52.459% 47.541% 22 202 0.15% 47
2070 48,453,085 52.269% 47.731% 22 201 0.1% 49
2075 48,649,138 52.127% 47.873% 22 201 0.05% 49
2080 48,721,759 52.018% 47.982% 22 199 0% 49
2085 48,653,762 51.941% 48.059% 22 198 -0.07% 50
2090 48,427,356 51.882% 48.118% 22 199 -0.13% 50
2095 48,058,900 51.833% 48.167% 22 199 -0.18% 50
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations