Senegal Population 2017

16,070,037

Senegal's population has grown from 9.9 million at the 2002 census to an estimated 13.6 million. More than 42% of the population lives in rural areas, with a population density that varies from 77 people per square kilometer to 2 people per square kilometer in the arid eastern region of the country. The average population density for the country is 68 people per square kilometer (169/sq mi), which ranks 134th in the world.

The largest city is Dakar at 2.47 million people, followed closely by Grand Dakar at 2.35 million. These are the only cities with more than one million people.

Senegal Demographics

Senegal is a very ethnically diverse country with many languages spoken by its residents. The Wolof represents the largest ethnic group at 43%. The Fula and Toucouleur are the second-largest group at 24%, followed by the Serer (14.7%), Jola (4%), Mandinka (3%), Maurers, Bassari, Soninke, and other communities.

There are about 24,000 refugees and asylum seekers in Senegal, most of whom are from Mauritania. There are also nearly 50,000 Europeans, most of whom are French, and Lebenese people in the country, along with small groups of Moroccans and Mauritanians. In urban areas, there are small groups of Vietnamese and a growing number of Chinese immigrant traders.

The predominant religion is Islam, which is practiced by 94% of the population, with a Christian community of 5%. About 43% of the population lives below the national poverty line.

Senegal Population in 2017Source: Initsogan

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Senegal Population Growth

The population of Senegal is currently growing at a rate of 2.6% per year. Child mortality rates have fallen sharply over the last ten years and the fertility rate remains high, so this trend is expected to continue. Senegal's government and international aid groups has attempted to increase contraceptive use and reduce family sizes, although this has been met with conflict from religious leaders and suspicion toward international aid. The West Africa region as a whole has one of the lowest rates of contraceptive use in the world. By 2100, the United Nations projects Senegal will reach a population of 58 million, as women in the area have an average of 5 children, or more than 6 in rural areas.

About Senegal

Official NameRepublic of Senegal
Languages SpokenFrench
BordersGMB, GIN, GNB, MLI, MRT
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude14-14
Currencies UsedXOF

Senegal Population Density

Name Population
Diourbel
Thies
Fatick
Seme5,075
Foundiougne5,306
Golere5,461
Passi6,367
Marsassoum6,817
Diawara8,112
Tionk Essil8,151
Diofior8,645
Waounde9,085
Gandiaye9,894
Rosso9,923
Ndofane9,946
Kanel10,165
Tiadiaye10,853
Gueoul10,918
Sokone11,680
Khombole12,061
Ndioum13,198
Koungheul14,725
Ouro Sogui14,888
Mermoz Boabab15,000
Matam15,306
Guinguineo15,395
Kayar17,193
Pout17,752
Nguekhokh17,885
Kedougou17,922
Mekhe19,242
Sedhiou19,702
Nioro du Rip20,711
Velingara22,441
Pourham24,146
Bignona26,237
Ndibene Dahra27,741
Kaffrine28,396
Dara30,000
N'diareme limamoulaye35,171
Joal-Fadiout36,735
Richard-Toll44,752
Kolda58,809
Louga67,154
Mbake74,100
Tambacounda78,800
Tiebo100,289
Ziguinchor159,778
Kaolack172,305
Saint-Louis176,000
Thies Nones252,320
Touba529,176
Pikine874,062
Dakar2,476,400

Senegal Population Clock

What is the population of Senegal (as of September 13, 2017)?16,070,037
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)16054275
Births Per Day318
Deaths Per Day50
Net Migrations Per Day -55
Net Change Per Day 213
Population Change Since January 1st54,315

Senegal Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 36.197 births/thousand17
Crude Death Rate 5.628 deaths/thousand161
Crude Net Migration Rate -1.226 people/thousand137
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 67.669 years146
Male Life Expectancy 65.638 years143
Female Life Expectancy 69.531 years148
Total Fertility Rate 4.883 children/woman17
Net Reproduction Rate 2.204 surviving daughters/woman12
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.036 males per female158
Infant Mortality Rate 34.565 deaths/1,000 live births55
Under Five Mortality 41.05 deaths/thousand60
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.028 years63
Rate of Natural Increase 30.145 13
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 10.081 %146
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 11.208 %142
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 8.961 %148
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 22.122 %139
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 25.978 %137
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 18.688 %144
Crude Suicide Rate 3.2 suicides/thousand132
Median Age (Total) 18.7 years193
Median Age (Female) 19.6 years187
Median Age (Male) 17.8 years200

Senegal Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
201716,054,27549.155%50.845%831222.89%72
201515,129,27349.101%50.899%781273%72
201012,956,79148.965%51.035%671353.04%72
200511,268,99349.046%50.954%581402.71%72
20009,860,57849.214%50.786%511412.58%79
19958,710,74649.646%50.354%451452.59%82
19907,514,20149.774%50.226%391463.08%84
19856,438,02449.892%50.108%331473.06%87
19805,568,65150.078%49.922%281482.74%90
19754,900,49150.496%49.504%251492.65%91
19704,217,75450.335%49.665%211513.05%93
19653,649,30849.992%50.008%181522.84%96
19603,177,56049.678%50.322%161512.73%96
19552,781,95549.282%50.718%141512.58%96
19502,476,63848.807%51.193%121532.12%99

Senegal Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
202017,487,40949.228%50.772%901202.79%68
202520,036,74449.341%50.659%1041092.63%64
203022,801,64249.441%50.559%1181002.52%63
203525,816,13249.529%50.471%134932.43%62
204029,085,75249.603%50.397%151882.32%61
204532,571,34549.667%50.333%169872.18%60
205036,222,52549.724%50.276%188812.04%56
205539,986,08449.778%50.222%207781.89%55
206043,834,68549.831%50.169%227751.76%51
206547,770,52249.884%50.116%248721.65%48
207051,781,87849.942%50.058%268611.55%47
207555,834,73250.001%49.999%290531.44%43
208059,885,50250.067%49.933%311501.33%42
208563,876,61550.137%49.863%331491.22%39
209067,761,98550.212%49.788%351471.12%37
209571,495,51750.283%49.717%371441.01%37
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations