Senegal Population 2019

16,726,583

Senegal, officially the Republic of Senegal, is a country in West Africa named for the Senegal River. Senegal is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, Mauritania, Mali, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, and the Gambia. The estimated 2019 population of Senegal is 16.74 million, which ranks 71st in the world.

Senegal's population has grown from 9.9 million at the 2002 census to an estimated 16.74 million. More than 42% of the population lives in rural areas, with a population density that varies from 77 people per square kilometer to 2 people per square kilometer in the arid eastern region of the country. The average population density for the country is 68 people per square kilometer (169/sq mi), which ranks 134th in the world.

The largest city is Dakar at 2.47 million people, followed closely by Grand Dakar at 2.35 million. These are the only cities with more than one million people.

Senegal Demographics

Senegal is a very ethnically diverse country with many languages spoken by its residents. The Wolof represents the largest ethnic group at 43%. The Fula and Toucouleur are the second-largest group at 24%, followed by the Serer (14.7%), Jola (4%), Mandinka (3%), Maurers, Bassari, Soninke, and other communities.

There are about 24,000 refugees and asylum seekers in Senegal, most of whom are from Mauritania. There are also nearly 50,000 Europeans, most of whom are French, and Lebanese people in the country, along with small groups of Moroccans and Mauritanians. In urban areas, there are small groups of Vietnamese and a growing number of Chinese immigrant traders.

The predominant religion is Islam, which is practiced by 94% of the population, with a Christian community of 5%. About 43% of the population lives below the national poverty line.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 56 seconds
One death every 6 minutes
One net migrant every 26 minutes
Net gain of one person every 1 minutes

Senegal Population in 2018Source: By Initsogan [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Senegal Population Growth

The population of Senegal is currently growing at a rate of 2.6% per year. Child mortality rates have fallen sharply over the last ten years and the fertility rate remains high, so this trend is expected to continue. Senegal's government and international aid groups has attempted to increase contraceptive use and reduce family sizes, although this has been met with conflict from religious leaders and suspicion toward international aid. The West Africa region as a whole has one of the lowest rates of contraceptive use in the world. By 2100, the United Nations projects Senegal will reach a population of 58 million, as women in the area have an average of 5 children, or more than 6 in rural areas.

Official NameRepublic of Senegal
Languages SpokenFrench
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude14-14
Currencies UsedCommunauté Financière Africaine (BCEAO) Franc
DemonymSenegalese
Name Population Location
Dakar2,476,400Map
Pikine874,062Map
Touba529,176Map
Thies320,000Map
Thies Nones252,320Map
Saint-Louis176,000Map
Kaolack172,305Map
Ziguinchor159,778Map
Tiebo100,289Map
Tambacounda78,800Map
Mbake74,100Map
Louga67,154Map
Kolda58,809Map
Richard-Toll44,752Map
Joal-Fadiout36,735Map
N'diareme limamoulaye35,171Map
Dara30,000Map
Kaffrine28,396Map
Ndibene Dahra27,741Map
Bignona26,237Map

Senegal Population Clock

The population of Senegal (as of 6/16/2019)?16,726,583
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2019)16,743,859
Births Per Day1,541
Deaths Per Day252
Net Migrations Per Day -55
Net Change Per Day 1,234
Population Change Since January 1st206,078

Senegal Population Estimator

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Estimate as of June 16th 2019 is: 16,725,383

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201916,743,85949.17%50.83%85.11712.76%
201816,294,27049.15%50.85%82.83712.80%
201715,850,56749.13%50.87%80.57722.85%
201615,411,61449.11%50.89%78.34722.90%
201514,976,99449.08%50.92%76.13723.00%
201012,916,22948.96%51.04%65.66722.80%
200511,251,26649.04%50.96%57.19742.63%
20009,884,05249.22%50.78%50.24792.48%
19958,746,60649.65%50.35%44.46822.97%
19907,555,61749.78%50.22%38.41843.10%
19856,484,73849.90%50.10%32.96873.00%
19805,592,64650.08%49.92%28.43892.53%
19754,936,20950.50%49.50%25.09903.00%
19704,257,50550.34%49.66%21.64932.94%
19653,682,87650.00%50.00%18.72952.81%
19603,206,74949.68%50.32%16.30962.69%
19552,808,22549.29%50.71%14.28962.46%
19502,486,63548.81%51.19%12.64990.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202017,200,15449.19%50.81%87.43700.00%
202519,576,78049.29%50.71%99.51652.62%
203022,123,23049.37%50.63%112.46632.48%
203524,861,28449.44%50.56%126.38622.36%
204027,785,15949.49%50.51%141.24622.25%
204530,859,18549.54%50.46%156.87622.12%
205034,030,62049.57%50.43%172.99591.98%
205537,255,13149.59%50.41%189.38571.83%
206040,506,69449.61%50.39%205.91571.69%
206543,774,19849.62%50.38%222.52521.56%
207047,045,07149.63%50.37%239.14491.45%
207550,289,00849.65%50.35%255.63471.34%
208053,471,30649.66%50.34%271.81461.23%
208556,551,65049.68%50.32%287.47441.13%
209059,482,23549.70%50.30%302.37421.02%
209562,240,46749.73%50.27%316.39420.91%
  1. Directorate of Forecasting and Statistics
  2. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1976, 1988, 2002 and 2013 censuses, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer