Senegal Population 2017

15,879,961

Senegal, officially the Republic of Senegal, is a country in West Africa named for the Senegal River. Senegal is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, Mauritania, Mali, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, and the Gambia. The estimated 2017 population of Senegal is 15.85 million, which ranks 72nd in the world.

Senegal's population has grown from 9.9 million at the 2002 census to an estimated 15.85 million. More than 42% of the population lives in rural areas, with a population density that varies from 77 people per square kilometer to 2 people per square kilometer in the arid eastern region of the country. The average population density for the country is 68 people per square kilometer (169/sq mi), which ranks 134th in the world.

The largest city is Dakar at 2.47 million people, followed closely by Grand Dakar at 2.35 million. These are the only cities with more than one million people.

Senegal Demographics

Senegal is a very ethnically diverse country with many languages spoken by its residents. The Wolof represents the largest ethnic group at 43%. The Fula and Toucouleur are the second-largest group at 24%, followed by the Serer (14.7%), Jola (4%), Mandinka (3%), Maurers, Bassari, Soninke, and other communities.

There are about 24,000 refugees and asylum seekers in Senegal, most of whom are from Mauritania. There are also nearly 50,000 Europeans, most of whom are French, and Lebenese people in the country, along with small groups of Moroccans and Mauritanians. In urban areas, there are small groups of Vietnamese and a growing number of Chinese immigrant traders.

The predominant religion is Islam, which is practiced by 94% of the population, with a Christian community of 5%. About 43% of the population lives below the national poverty line.

Senegal Population in 2018Source: Initsogan

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Senegal Population Growth

The population of Senegal is currently growing at a rate of 2.6% per year. Child mortality rates have fallen sharply over the last ten years and the fertility rate remains high, so this trend is expected to continue. Senegal's government and international aid groups has attempted to increase contraceptive use and reduce family sizes, although this has been met with conflict from religious leaders and suspicion toward international aid. The West Africa region as a whole has one of the lowest rates of contraceptive use in the world. By 2100, the United Nations projects Senegal will reach a population of 58 million, as women in the area have an average of 5 children, or more than 6 in rural areas.

About Senegal

Official NameRepublic of Senegal
Languages SpokenFrench
BordersGMB, GIN, GNB, MLI, MRT
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude14-14
Currencies UsedXOF

Senegal Population Density

Name Population
Dakar2,476,400
Grand Dakar2,352,057
Pikine874,062
Touba529,176
Thies Nones252,320
Saint-Louis176,000
Kaolack172,305
Ziguinchor159,778
Tiebo100,289
Tambacounda78,800
Mbake74,100
Louga67,154
Kolda58,809
Richard-Toll44,752
Joal-Fadiout36,735
Dara30,000
Kaffrine28,396
Ndibene Dahra27,741
Bignona26,237
Pourham24,146
Velingara22,441
Nioro du Rip20,711
Sedhiou19,702
Mekhe19,242
Kedougou17,922
Nguekhokh17,885
Pout17,752
Kayar17,193
Guinguineo15,395
Matam15,306
Mermoz Boabab15,000
Ouro Sogui14,888
Koungheul14,725
Ndioum13,198
Khombole12,061
Sokone11,680
Gueoul10,918
Tiadiaye10,853
Kanel10,165
Ndofane9,946
Rosso9,923
Gandiaye9,894
Waounde9,085
Diofior8,645
Tionk Essil8,151
Diawara8,112
Marsassoum6,817
Passi6,367
Golere5,461
Foundiougne5,306
Seme5,075
Thies
Fatick
Diourbel

Senegal Population Clock

What is the population of Senegal (as of 11/15/2017)?15,879,961
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)15,850,567
Births Per Day318
Deaths Per Day50
Net Migrations Per Day -55
Net Change Per Day 213
Population Change Since January 1st67,947

Senegal Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 36.197 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 5.628 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -1.226 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 67.669 years
Male Life Expectancy 65.638 years
Female Life Expectancy 69.531 years
Total Fertility Rate 4.883 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 2.204 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.036 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 34.565 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 41.05 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.028 years
Rate of Natural Increase 30.145
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 10.081%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 11.208%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 8.961%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 22.122%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 25.978%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 18.688%
Median Age (Total) 18.7 years
Median Age (Female) 19.6 years
Median Age (Male) 17.8 years

Senegal Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
201715,850,56749.13%50.87%812.88%
201514,976,99449.08%50.92%763.00%
201012,916,22948.96%51.04%662.80%
200511,251,26649.04%50.96%572.63%
20009,884,05249.22%50.78%502.48%
19958,746,60649.65%50.35%442.97%
19907,555,61749.78%50.22%383.10%
19856,484,73849.90%50.10%333.00%
19805,592,64650.08%49.92%282.53%
19754,936,20950.50%49.50%253.00%
19704,257,50550.34%49.66%222.94%
19653,682,87650.00%50.00%192.81%
19603,206,74949.68%50.32%162.69%
19552,808,22549.29%50.71%142.46%
19502,486,63548.81%51.19%130.00%

Senegal Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
202017,200,15449.19%50.81%870.00%
202519,576,78049.29%50.71%1002.62%
203022,123,23049.37%50.63%1122.48%
203524,861,28449.44%50.56%1262.36%
204027,785,15949.49%50.51%1412.25%
204530,859,18549.54%50.46%1572.12%
205034,030,62049.57%50.43%1731.98%
205537,255,13149.59%50.41%1891.83%
206040,506,69449.61%50.39%2061.69%
206543,774,19849.62%50.38%2231.56%
207047,045,07149.63%50.37%2391.45%
207550,289,00849.65%50.35%2561.34%
208053,471,30649.66%50.34%2721.23%
208556,551,65049.68%50.32%2871.13%
209059,482,23549.70%50.30%3021.02%
209562,240,46749.73%50.27%3160.91%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer