Senegal Population 2018

16,097,116

Senegal, officially the Republic of Senegal, is a country in West Africa named for the Senegal River. Senegal is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, Mauritania, Mali, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, and the Gambia. The estimated 2018 population of Senegal is 16.29 million, which ranks 72nd in the world.

Senegal's population has grown from 9.9 million at the 2002 census to an estimated 16.29 million. More than 42% of the population lives in rural areas, with a population density that varies from 77 people per square kilometer to 2 people per square kilometer in the arid eastern region of the country. The average population density for the country is 68 people per square kilometer (169/sq mi), which ranks 134th in the world.

The largest city is Dakar at 2.47 million people, followed closely by Grand Dakar at 2.35 million. These are the only cities with more than one million people.

Senegal Demographics

Senegal is a very ethnically diverse country with many languages spoken by its residents. The Wolof represents the largest ethnic group at 43%. The Fula and Toucouleur are the second-largest group at 24%, followed by the Serer (14.7%), Jola (4%), Mandinka (3%), Maurers, Bassari, Soninke, and other communities.

There are about 24,000 refugees and asylum seekers in Senegal, most of whom are from Mauritania. There are also nearly 50,000 Europeans, most of whom are French, and Lebenese people in the country, along with small groups of Moroccans and Mauritanians. In urban areas, there are small groups of Vietnamese and a growing number of Chinese immigrant traders.

The predominant religion is Islam, which is practiced by 94% of the population, with a Christian community of 5%. About 43% of the population lives below the national poverty line.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 57 seconds
One death every 6 minutes
One net migrant every 26 minutes
Net gain of one person every 1 minutes

Senegal Population in 2018Source: Initsogan

Senegal Population Pyramid 2018

0k50k100k150k200k250kSenegal Male Population0k50k100k150k200k250kSenegal Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Senegal Median Age

18.7


Total

17.8


Male

19.6


Female

Senegal Population by Age

There are 8,038,275 adults in Senegal.

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Senegal Population Growth

The population of Senegal is currently growing at a rate of 2.6% per year. Child mortality rates have fallen sharply over the last ten years and the fertility rate remains high, so this trend is expected to continue. Senegal's government and international aid groups has attempted to increase contraceptive use and reduce family sizes, although this has been met with conflict from religious leaders and suspicion toward international aid. The West Africa region as a whole has one of the lowest rates of contraceptive use in the world. By 2100, the United Nations projects Senegal will reach a population of 58 million, as women in the area have an average of 5 children, or more than 6 in rural areas.

About Senegal

Official NameRepublic of Senegal
Languages SpokenFrench
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude14-14
Currencies UsedCommunauté Financière Africaine (BCEAO) Franc
DemonymSenegalese

Countries Bordering Senegal

Gambia
Guinea
Guinea Bissau
Mali
Mauritania

Senegal Population Density

Senegal Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Dakar2,476,400
Pikine874,062
Touba529,176
Thies320,000
Thies Nones252,320
Saint-Louis176,000
Kaolack172,305
Ziguinchor159,778
Tiebo100,289
Tambacounda78,800
Mbake74,100
Louga67,154
Kolda58,809
Richard-Toll44,752
Joal-Fadiout36,735
N'diareme limamoulaye35,171
Dara30,000
Kaffrine28,396
Ndibene Dahra27,741
Bignona26,237

Senegal Population Clock

The population of Senegal (as of 1/20/2018)?16,097,116
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)16,294,270
Births Per Day1,523
Deaths Per Day251
Net Migrations Per Day -55
Net Change Per Day 1,217
Population Change Since January 1st23,123

Senegal Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 34.578 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 5.698 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -1.243 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 67.58 years
Male Life Expectancy 65.51 years
Female Life Expectancy 69.49 years
Total Fertility Rate 4.647 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 2.117 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.036 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 33.845 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 42.703 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.259 years
Rate of Natural Increase 28.88

Senegal Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201816,294,27049.15%50.85%82.83712.85%
201514,976,99449.08%50.92%76.13723.00%
201012,916,22948.96%51.04%65.66722.80%
200511,251,26649.04%50.96%57.19742.63%
20009,884,05249.22%50.78%50.24792.48%
19958,746,60649.65%50.35%44.46822.97%
19907,555,61749.78%50.22%38.41843.10%
19856,484,73849.90%50.10%32.96873.00%
19805,592,64650.08%49.92%28.43892.53%
19754,936,20950.50%49.50%25.09903.00%
19704,257,50550.34%49.66%21.64932.94%
19653,682,87650.00%50.00%18.72952.81%
19603,206,74949.68%50.32%16.30962.69%
19552,808,22549.29%50.71%14.28962.46%
19502,486,63548.81%51.19%12.64990.00%

Senegal Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202017,200,15449.19%50.81%87.43700.00%
202519,576,78049.29%50.71%99.51652.62%
203022,123,23049.37%50.63%112.46632.48%
203524,861,28449.44%50.56%126.38622.36%
204027,785,15949.49%50.51%141.24622.25%
204530,859,18549.54%50.46%156.87622.12%
205034,030,62049.57%50.43%172.99591.98%
205537,255,13149.59%50.41%189.38571.83%
206040,506,69449.61%50.39%205.91571.69%
206543,774,19849.62%50.38%222.52521.56%
207047,045,07149.63%50.37%239.14491.45%
207550,289,00849.65%50.35%255.63471.34%
208053,471,30649.66%50.34%271.81461.23%
208556,551,65049.68%50.32%287.47441.13%
209059,482,23549.70%50.30%302.37421.02%
209562,240,46749.73%50.27%316.39420.91%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer