Senegal Population 2017

[[getCurrentPopulation()]]

Senegal's population has grown from 9.9 million at the 2002 census to an estimated 13.6 million. More than 42% of the population lives in rural areas, with a population density that varies from 77 people per square kilometer to 2 people per square kilometer in the arid eastern region of the country. The average population density for the country is 68 people per square kilometer (169/sq mi), which ranks 134th in the world.

The largest city is Dakar at 2.47 million people, followed closely by Grand Dakar at 2.35 million. These are the only cities with more than one million people.

Senegal Demographics

Senegal is a very ethnically diverse country with many languages spoken by its residents. The Wolof represents the largest ethnic group at 43%. The Fula and Toucouleur are the second-largest group at 24%, followed by the Serer (14.7%), Jola (4%), Mandinka (3%), Maurers, Bassari, Soninke, and other communities.

There are about 24,000 refugees and asylum seekers in Senegal, most of whom are from Mauritania. There are also nearly 50,000 Europeans, most of whom are French, and Lebenese people in the country, along with small groups of Moroccans and Mauritanians. In urban areas, there are small groups of Vietnamese and a growing number of Chinese immigrant traders.

The predominant religion is Islam, which is practiced by 94% of the population, with a Christian community of 5%. About 43% of the population lives below the national poverty line.

Senegal Population in 2017 Source: Initsogan

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Senegal Population Growth

The population of Senegal is currently growing at a rate of 2.6% per year. Child mortality rates have fallen sharply over the last ten years and the fertility rate remains high, so this trend is expected to continue. Senegal's government and international aid groups has attempted to increase contraceptive use and reduce family sizes, although this has been met with conflict from religious leaders and suspicion toward international aid. The West Africa region as a whole has one of the lowest rates of contraceptive use in the world. By 2100, the United Nations projects Senegal will reach a population of 58 million, as women in the area have an average of 5 children, or more than 6 in rural areas.

Senegal Population Density

About Senegal

Official Name Republic of Senegal
Languages Spoken French
Borders GMB, GIN, GNB, MLI, MRT
Is Landlocked No
Latitude/Longitude 14,-14
Currencies Used XOF

Senegal Population Clock

What is the population of Senegal (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 318
Deaths Per Day 50
Net Migrations Per Day -55
Net Change Per Day 213
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Senegal Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 36.197 births/thousand 17th
Crude Death Rate 5.628 deaths/thousand 161st
Crude Net Migration Rate -1.226 people/thousand 137th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 67.669 years 146th
Life Expectancy (Male) 65.638 years 143rd
Life Expectancy (Female) 69.531 years 148th
Total Fertility Rate 4.883 children/woman 17th
Net Reproduction Rate 2.204 surviving daughters/woman 12th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.036 males per female 158th
Infant Mortality Rate 34.565 deaths/1,000 live births 55th
Under Five Mortality 41.05 deaths/thousand 60th
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.028 years 63rd
Rate of Natural Increase 30.145 13th
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 10.081% 146th
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 11.208% 142nd
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 8.961% 148th
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 22.122% 146th
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 25.978% 142nd
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 18.688% 148th
Crude Suicide Rate 3.2 suicides/thousand 132nd
Median Age (Total) 18.7 years 193rd
Median Age (Female) 19.6 years 187th
Median Age (Male) 17.8 years 200th

Senegal Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2017 16,054,275 49.155% 50.845% 83 122 2.89% 72
2015 15,129,273 49.101% 50.899% 78 127 3% 72
2010 12,956,791 48.965% 51.035% 67 135 3.04% 72
2005 11,268,993 49.046% 50.954% 58 140 2.71% 72
2000 9,860,578 49.214% 50.786% 51 141 2.58% 79
1995 8,710,746 49.646% 50.354% 45 145 2.59% 82
1990 7,514,201 49.774% 50.226% 39 146 3.08% 84
1985 6,438,024 49.892% 50.108% 33 147 3.06% 87
1980 5,568,651 50.078% 49.922% 28 148 2.74% 90
1975 4,900,491 50.496% 49.504% 25 149 2.65% 91
1970 4,217,754 50.335% 49.665% 21 151 3.05% 93
1965 3,649,308 49.992% 50.008% 18 152 2.84% 96
1960 3,177,560 49.678% 50.322% 16 151 2.73% 96
1955 2,781,955 49.282% 50.718% 14 151 2.58% 96
1950 2,476,638 48.807% 51.193% 12 153 2.12% 99

Senegal Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 17,487,409 49.228% 50.772% 90 120 2.79% 68
2025 20,036,744 49.341% 50.659% 104 109 2.63% 64
2030 22,801,642 49.441% 50.559% 118 100 2.52% 63
2035 25,816,132 49.529% 50.471% 134 93 2.43% 62
2040 29,085,752 49.603% 50.397% 151 88 2.32% 61
2045 32,571,345 49.667% 50.333% 169 87 2.18% 60
2050 36,222,525 49.724% 50.276% 188 81 2.04% 56
2055 39,986,084 49.778% 50.222% 207 78 1.89% 55
2060 43,834,685 49.831% 50.169% 227 75 1.76% 51
2065 47,770,522 49.884% 50.116% 248 72 1.65% 48
2070 51,781,878 49.942% 50.058% 268 61 1.55% 47
2075 55,834,732 50.001% 49.999% 290 53 1.44% 43
2080 59,885,502 50.067% 49.933% 311 50 1.33% 42
2085 63,876,615 50.137% 49.863% 331 49 1.22% 39
2090 67,761,985 50.212% 49.788% 351 47 1.12% 37
2095 71,495,517 50.283% 49.717% 371 44 1.01% 37
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations