Serbia Population 2018

8,775,311

Serbia sits between Central and Southeast Europe. Its capital, Belgrade, is one of the oldest cities in Europe and one of the largest in all of Southeast Europe. The 2018 population is estimated at 8.76 million. This excludes Kosovo, which has a long-running dispute with Serbia and declared itself independent in 2008.

The last official census was conducted in 2011 and excluded Kosovo, which held its own census placing its population at 1.73 million. Serbia itself has been in demographic crisis since the early 1990's with a death rate that still exceeds its birth rate. Serbia, along with Bulgaria, has one of the most negative population growth rates in the world, with one of the lowest fertility rates (just 1.44 children per woman). 1/5 of all households consist of just one person and Serbia has among the 10 oldest populations in the world.

Serbia had the largest refugee population in Europe just twenty years ago, accounting for 7.5% of its population. 300,000 people left the country in the 90's, one-fifth of which had a higher education.

Serbs make up the largest ethnic group in Serbia with 83% of the population, followed by Hungarians (3.5%). There are about 450,000 Romas in the country and 145,000 Bosniaks. Other minorities include Croats, Slovaks, Albanians, Romanians and Bulgarians.

Serbia has only one city with a population over 1 million: Belgrade, the capital, has about 1.2 million people (1.65 in the metro area), with the second largest city of Novi Sad having a population of just 277,000.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 6 minutes
One death every 5 minutes
One net migrant every 53 minutes
Net loss of one person every 18 minutes

Serbia Population in 2018Source: Vlada Marinkovic

Serbia Population Pyramid 2018

0k10k20k30k40k50k60k70kSerbia Male Population0k10k20k30k40k50k60k70kSerbia Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Serbia Median Age

42.3


Total

40.7


Male

44


Female

Serbia Population by Age

There are 7,026,635 adults in Serbia.

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Serbia Population Growth

Serbia has been struggling to overcome its population decline, even turning to singles nights, generous maternity leave and cash bonuses for new parents in some towns. Despite its best efforts, Serbia has been unable to reverse this trend, and its population is expected to continue its downward movement for many years.

About Serbia

Official NameRepublic of Serbia
Languages SpokenSerbian
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude4421
Currencies UsedSerbia Dinar
DemonymSerbian

Serbia Population Density

Serbia Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Belgrade1,273,651
Nis250,000
Novi Sad215,400
Zemun155,591
Kragujevac147,473
Cacak117,072
Subotica100,000
Leskovac94,758
Novi Pazar85,996
Kraljevo82,846
Zrenjanin79,773
Pancevo76,654
Krusevac75,256
Uzice63,577
Smederevo62,000
Valjevo61,035
Vranje56,199
Sabac55,114
Zajecar49,800
Trstenik49,043

Serbia Population Clock

The population of Serbia (as of 1/17/2018)?8,775,311
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)8,762,027
Births Per Day253
Deaths Per Day307
Net Migrations Per Day -27
Net Change Per Day -81
Population Change Since January 1st-1,377

Serbia Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 10.537 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 12.755 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -1.139 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 75.37 years
Male Life Expectancy 72.56 years
Female Life Expectancy 78.21 years
Total Fertility Rate 1.62 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.779 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.052 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 8.332 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 9.923 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.211 years
Rate of Natural Increase -2.218

Serbia Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20188,762,02748.86%51.14%99.1697-0.34%
20158,851,28048.87%51.13%100.1796-0.40%
20109,029,71648.91%51.09%102.1992-0.41%
20059,214,98648.89%51.11%104.2986-0.58%
20009,487,61549.07%50.93%107.3781-0.82%
19959,884,14749.28%50.72%111.86760.76%
19909,517,67449.36%50.64%107.71720.56%
19859,253,40549.43%50.57%104.72700.76%
19808,908,29349.44%50.56%100.82660.95%
19758,497,17049.46%50.54%96.16640.91%
19708,119,86049.43%50.57%91.89640.72%
19657,835,08249.37%50.63%88.67630.73%
19607,556,72549.20%50.81%85.52580.87%
19557,234,92248.95%51.05%81.88551.45%
19506,732,25648.57%51.43%76.19540.00%

Serbia Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20208,703,94248.86%51.14%98.501000.00%
20258,541,29348.85%51.15%96.66103-0.38%
20308,355,44548.83%51.17%94.56103-0.44%
20358,143,97248.84%51.16%92.17106-0.51%
20407,912,82448.89%51.11%89.55110-0.57%
20457,676,52248.99%51.01%86.88115-0.60%
20507,447,02349.12%50.88%84.28116-0.61%
20557,226,28249.24%50.76%81.78116-0.60%
20607,006,90749.36%50.64%79.30118-0.61%
20656,785,10849.50%50.50%76.79119-0.64%
20706,563,75149.65%50.35%74.28120-0.66%
20756,348,61249.81%50.19%71.85121-0.66%
20806,144,37249.95%50.05%69.54123-0.65%
20855,954,45950.08%49.92%67.39126-0.63%
20905,778,63350.19%49.81%65.40126-0.60%
20955,615,48550.28%49.72%63.55128-0.57%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer