Sierra Leone Population 2017

7,566,596

Sierra Leone, officially the Republic of Sierra Leone, is a country in West Africa bordered by Guinea, Liberia, and the Atlantic Ocean. In 2017, the estimated population of Sierra Leone is 7.56 million.

Sierra Leone is a rapidly growing country with an estimated population of 7.56 million, up from 5.5 million in 2008. The country has a population density of 79 people per square kilometer (205/sq mi), which ranks 114th in the world.

The Western Area Urban District, which includes the capital and largest city Freetown, has a population density of 1,224 people per square kilometers, while the Koinadugu has a population density of 21 people per square kilometer. Freetown had a 2004 population of 853,000, followed by Bo at 233,000.

Sierra Leone Demographics

Sierra Leone has 16 different ethnic groups, each with a different language. The largest ethnic group is the Temne (35%), followed by the Mende (31%). The Temne are dominant in the Northern Sierra Leone and areas around the capital, while the Mende live mostly in the South-Eastern Seirra Leone and the Kono District.

The third-largest ethnic group are the Limba (8%), who are native to the area and live in Northern Seirra Leone. The fourth group are the Fula (7%), who are descendants of Fulani migrant settlers from the 17th and 18th century who came from Guinea.

Other major ethnic groups include the Mandingo (2%), who are descended from Guinea traders; the Kono (5%), who are also descended from Guinea migrants; and the Krio (2%) people, who are descendants of freed African American, West Indian and Liberated African slaves and make up 3% of the population.

Smaller ethnic groups include the Kuranko, who arrived in the area around 1600; the Loko (2%), who are native to Sierra Leone; the Kissi, and the Sherbro.

Sierra Leone has a young population with 42% of its population under 15, and a rural population with 62% of people living outside of the cities.

About 71% of the population are Muslims, while Christians make up 27% of the population. The remainder practice indigenous beliefs. Religious violence is rare in Sierra Leone.

Sierra Leone Future

Sierra Leone is one of the poorest countries in the world that is facing many challenges. It has one of the highest youth unemployment rates in West Africa (60%), much of its drinking water is collected from polluted sources, one of the worst literacy rates in Africa and health problems that include HIV/AIDS, malaria, and yellow fever. About 81% of its population lives in poverty.

Sierra Leone Population in 2018Source: Magnus Ohman

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Sierra Leone Population Growth

About Sierra Leone

Official NameRepublic of Sierra Leone
Languages SpokenEnglish
BordersGIN, LBR
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude8.5-11.5
Currencies UsedSLL

Sierra Leone Population Density

Name Population
Freetown802,639
Bo174,354
Kenema143,137
Koidu88,000
Makeni87,679
Lunsar22,461
Port Loko21,308
Waterloo19,750
Kabala17,948
Segbwema16,532
Magburaka14,915
Kailahun14,085
Binkolo13,867
Freetown13,768
Bumpe13,580
Rokupr12,504
Gandorhun12,288
Kambia11,520
Yengema11,221
Gandorhun10,678
Bonthe9,647
Pendembu8,780
Blama8,146
Kamakwie8,098
Panguma7,965
Pujehun7,926
Kukuna7,676
Barma7,529
Boajibu7,384
Bunumbu7,355
Sumbuya7,074
Baoma7,044
Moyamba6,700
Mambolo6,624
Tombodu5,985
Daru5,958
Foindu5,868
Masingbi5,644
Motema5,474
Bomi5,463
Tintafor5,460
Buedu5,412
Mamboma5,201
Kassiri5,161
Hastings5,121
Hangha5,007

Sierra Leone Population Clock

What is the population of Sierra Leone (as of 11/15/2017)?7,566,596
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)7,557,212
Births Per Day127
Deaths Per Day47
Net Migrations Per Day -12
Net Change Per Day 68
Population Change Since January 1st21,692

Sierra Leone Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 34.364 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 12.801 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.617 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 52.017 years
Male Life Expectancy 51.438 years
Female Life Expectancy 52.6 years
Total Fertility Rate 4.316 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.662 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.018 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 81.972 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 116.72 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.471 years
Rate of Natural Increase 21.396
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 29.101%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 29.943%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 28.246%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 48.487%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 49.351%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 47.621%
Median Age (Total) 19 years
Median Age (Female) 19.6 years
Median Age (Male) 18.4 years

Sierra Leone Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20177,557,21249.52%50.48%1052.19%
20157,237,02549.49%50.51%1012.30%
20106,458,72049.39%50.61%902.68%
20055,658,37949.33%50.67%794.39%
20004,564,29749.37%50.63%641.32%
19954,274,81949.37%50.63%60-0.17%
19904,312,24649.38%50.62%602.56%
19853,799,55049.26%50.74%532.46%
19803,365,44149.11%50.89%472.37%
19752,993,87648.96%51.04%422.15%
19702,692,25948.70%51.30%381.71%
19652,473,29448.69%51.31%341.49%
19602,297,11048.75%51.25%321.26%
19552,157,75348.85%51.15%301.12%
19502,041,20348.98%51.02%280.00%

Sierra Leone Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20208,046,93149.56%50.44%1120.00%
20258,873,98449.61%50.39%1241.98%
20309,719,53149.64%50.36%1351.84%
203510,567,51549.66%50.34%1471.69%
204011,403,08749.65%50.35%1591.53%
204512,208,95249.64%50.36%1701.38%
205012,971,62649.61%50.39%1811.22%
205513,681,84849.57%50.43%1911.07%
206014,325,01649.52%50.48%2000.92%
206514,893,87149.46%50.54%2080.78%
207015,380,33249.40%50.60%2140.64%
207515,778,55549.33%50.67%2200.51%
208016,083,42049.25%50.75%2240.38%
208516,300,02049.16%50.84%2270.27%
209016,435,23349.06%50.94%2290.17%
209516,495,85948.95%51.05%2300.07%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer