Sierra Leone Population 2018

7,793,267

Sierra Leone, officially the Republic of Sierra Leone, is a country in West Africa bordered by Guinea, Liberia, and the Atlantic Ocean. In 2018, the estimated population of Sierra Leone is 7.72 million.

Sierra Leone is a rapidly growing country with an estimated population of 7.72 million, up from 5.5 million in 2008. The country has a population density of 79 people per square kilometer (205/sq mi), which ranks 114th in the world.

The Western Area Urban District, which includes the capital and largest city Freetown, has a population density of 1,224 people per square kilometers, while the Koinadugu has a population density of 21 people per square kilometer. Freetown had a 2004 population of 853,000, followed by Bo at 233,000.

Sierra Leone Demographics

Sierra Leone has 16 different ethnic groups, each with a different language. The largest ethnic group is the Temne (35%), followed by the Mende (31%). The Temne are dominant in the Northern Sierra Leone and areas around the capital, while the Mende live mostly in the South-Eastern Seirra Leone and the Kono District.

The third-largest ethnic group are the Limba (8%), who are native to the area and live in Northern Seirra Leone. The fourth group are the Fula (7%), who are descendants of Fulani migrant settlers from the 17th and 18th century who came from Guinea.

Other major ethnic groups include the Mandingo (2%), who are descended from Guinea traders; the Kono (5%), who are also descended from Guinea migrants; and the Krio (2%) people, who are descendants of freed African American, West Indian and Liberated African slaves and make up 3% of the population.

Smaller ethnic groups include the Kuranko, who arrived in the area around 1600; the Loko (2%), who are native to Sierra Leone; the Kissi, and the Sherbro.

Sierra Leone has a young population with 42% of its population under 15, and a rural population with 62% of people living outside of the cities.

About 71% of the population are Muslims, while Christians make up 27% of the population. The remainder practice indigenous beliefs. Religious violence is rare in Sierra Leone.

Sierra Leone Future

Sierra Leone is one of the poorest countries in the world that is facing many challenges. It has one of the highest youth unemployment rates in West Africa (60%), much of its drinking water is collected from polluted sources, one of the worst literacy rates in Africa and health problems that include HIV/AIDS, malaria, and yellow fever. About 81% of its population lives in poverty.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 2 minutes
One death every 6 minutes
One net migrant every 120 minutes
Net gain of one person every 3 minutes

Sierra Leone Population in 2018Source: By Magnus Ohman (World66) [CC BY-SA 1.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Sierra Leone Population Pyramid 2018

20,00040,00060,00080,000100,000120,000Sierra Leone Male Population20,00040,00060,00080,000100,000120,000Sierra Leone Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Sierra Leone Population by Age

There are 3,862,856 adults in Sierra Leone.

Census Years

Year Date
201518 December 2015
20044 December 2004
198515 December 1985

About Sierra Leone

Official NameRepublic of Sierra Leone
Languages SpokenEnglish
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude8.5-11.5
Currencies UsedSierra Leone Leone
DemonymSierra Leonean

Countries Bordering Sierra Leone

Guinea
Liberia

Sierra Leone Population Density

Sierra Leone Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Freetown802,639
Bo174,354
Kenema143,137
Koidu88,000
Makeni87,679
Lunsar22,461
Port Loko21,308
Waterloo19,750
Kabala17,948
Segbwema16,532
Magburaka14,915
Kailahun14,085
Binkolo13,867
Freetown13,768
Bumpe13,580
Rokupr12,504
Gandorhun12,288
Kambia11,520
Yengema11,221
Gandorhun10,678

Sierra Leone Population Clock

The population of Sierra Leone (as of 12/13/2018)?7,793,267
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)7,719,729
Births Per Day716
Deaths Per Day261
Net Migrations Per Day -12
Net Change Per Day 443
Population Change Since January 1st153,721

Sierra Leone Population Estimator

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Estimate as of December 13th 2018 is: 7,793,592

Sierra Leone Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20187,719,72949.54%50.46%107.611032.15%
20177,557,21249.52%50.48%105.341032.18%
20167,396,19049.51%50.49%103.101032.20%
20157,237,02549.49%50.51%100.881042.30%
20106,458,72049.39%50.61%90.031052.68%
20055,658,37949.33%50.67%78.871084.39%
20004,564,29749.37%50.63%63.621141.32%
19954,274,81949.37%50.63%59.59116-0.17%
19904,312,24649.38%50.62%60.111122.56%
19853,799,55049.26%50.74%52.961122.46%
19803,365,44149.11%50.89%46.911132.37%
19752,993,87648.96%51.04%41.731152.15%
19702,692,25948.70%51.30%37.531161.71%
19652,473,29448.69%51.31%34.481151.49%
19602,297,11048.75%51.25%32.021121.26%
19552,157,75348.85%51.15%30.081111.12%
19502,041,20348.98%51.02%28.451100.00%

Sierra Leone Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20208,046,93149.56%50.44%112.171030.00%
20258,873,98449.61%50.39%123.701021.98%
20309,719,53149.64%50.36%135.48981.84%
203510,567,51549.66%50.34%147.30961.69%
204011,403,08749.65%50.35%158.95911.53%
204512,208,95249.64%50.36%170.18911.38%
205012,971,62649.61%50.39%180.81901.22%
205513,681,84849.57%50.43%190.71871.07%
206014,325,01649.52%50.48%199.68850.92%
206514,893,87149.46%50.54%207.61850.78%
207015,380,33249.40%50.60%214.39850.64%
207515,778,55549.33%50.67%219.94850.51%
208016,083,42049.25%50.75%224.19850.38%
208516,300,02049.16%50.84%227.21850.27%
209016,435,23349.06%50.94%229.09860.17%
209516,495,85948.95%51.05%229.94860.07%
Data Sources
  1. Statistics Sierra Leone
  2. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1963, 1974, 1985, 2004 and 2015 censuses, adjusted for underenumeration and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration. Population structures by age and sex from the 2007 CWIQ, 2010 MICS4, and the 2008 and 2013 DHS were also considered.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer