Sierra Leone Population 2019

7,876,879

Sierra Leone, officially the Republic of Sierra Leone, is a country in West Africa bordered by Guinea, Liberia, and the Atlantic Ocean. In 2019, the estimated population of Sierra Leone is 7.88 million, which ranks 103rd in the world.

Sierra Leone is a rapidly growing country with an estimated population of 7.88 million, up from 5.5 million in 2008. The country has a population density of 79 people per square kilometer (205/sq mi), which ranks 114th in the world.

The Western Area Urban District, which includes the capital and largest city Freetown, has a population density of 1,224 people per square kilometers, while the Koinadugu has a population density of 21 people per square kilometer. Freetown had a 2004 population of 853,000, followed by Bo at 233,000.

Sierra Leone Demographics

Sierra Leone has 16 different ethnic groups, each with a different language. The largest ethnic group is the Temne (35%), followed by the Mende (31%). The Temne are dominant in the Northern Sierra Leone and areas around the capital, while the Mende live mostly in the South-Eastern Sierra Leone and the Kono District.

The third-largest ethnic group is the Limba (8%), who are native to the area and live in Northern Sierra Leone. The fourth group are the Fula (7%), who are descendants of Fulani migrant settlers from the 17th and 18th century who came from Guinea.

Other major ethnic groups include the Mandingo (2%), who are descended from Guinea traders; the Kono (5%), who are also descended from Guinea migrants; and the Krio (2%) people, who are descendants of freed African American, West Indian and Liberated African slaves and make up 3% of the population.

Smaller ethnic groups include the Kuranko, who arrived in the area around 1600; the Loko (2%), who are native to Sierra Leone; the Kissi, and the Sherbro.

Sierra Leone has a young population with 42% of its population under 15, and a rural population with 62% of people living outside of the cities.

About 71% of the population are Muslims, while Christians make up 27% of the population. The remainder practice indigenous beliefs. Religious violence is rare in Sierra Leone.

Sierra Leone Future

Sierra Leone is one of the poorest countries in the world that is facing many challenges. It has one of the highest youth unemployment rates in West Africa (60%), much of its drinking water is collected from polluted sources, one of the worst literacy rates in Africa and health problems that include HIV/AIDS, malaria, and yellow fever. About 81% of its population lives in poverty.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 2 minutes
One death every 6 minutes
One net migrant every 120 minutes
Net gain of one person every 3 minutes

Sierra Leone Population in 2018Source: By Magnus Ohman (World66) [CC BY-SA 1.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Official NameRepublic of Sierra Leone
Languages SpokenEnglish
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude8.5-11.5
Currencies UsedSierra Leone Leone
DemonymSierra Leonean
Name Population Location
Freetown802,639Map
Bo174,354Map
Kenema143,137Map
Koidu88,000Map
Makeni87,679Map
Lunsar22,461Map
Port Loko21,308Map
Waterloo19,750Map
Kabala17,948Map
Segbwema16,532Map
Magburaka14,915Map
Kailahun14,085Map
Binkolo13,867Map
Freetown13,768Map
Bumpe13,580Map
Rokupr12,504Map
Gandorhun12,288Map
Kambia11,520Map
Yengema11,221Map
Gandorhun10,678Map

Sierra Leone Population Clock

The population of Sierra Leone (as of 6/16/2019)?7,876,879
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2019)7,883,123
Births Per Day719
Deaths Per Day261
Net Migrations Per Day -12
Net Change Per Day 446
Population Change Since January 1st74,482

Sierra Leone Population Estimator

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Estimate as of June 16th 2019 is: 7,876,408

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20197,883,12349.55%50.45%109.881032.12%
20187,719,72949.54%50.46%107.611032.15%
20177,557,21249.52%50.48%105.341032.18%
20167,396,19049.51%50.49%103.101032.20%
20157,237,02549.49%50.51%100.881042.30%
20106,458,72049.39%50.61%90.031052.68%
20055,658,37949.33%50.67%78.871084.39%
20004,564,29749.37%50.63%63.621141.32%
19954,274,81949.37%50.63%59.59116-0.17%
19904,312,24649.38%50.62%60.111122.56%
19853,799,55049.26%50.74%52.961122.46%
19803,365,44149.11%50.89%46.911132.37%
19752,993,87648.96%51.04%41.731152.15%
19702,692,25948.70%51.30%37.531161.71%
19652,473,29448.69%51.31%34.481151.49%
19602,297,11048.75%51.25%32.021121.26%
19552,157,75348.85%51.15%30.081111.12%
19502,041,20348.98%51.02%28.451100.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20208,046,93149.56%50.44%112.171030.00%
20258,873,98449.61%50.39%123.701021.98%
20309,719,53149.64%50.36%135.48981.84%
203510,567,51549.66%50.34%147.30961.69%
204011,403,08749.65%50.35%158.95911.53%
204512,208,95249.64%50.36%170.18911.38%
205012,971,62649.61%50.39%180.81901.22%
205513,681,84849.57%50.43%190.71871.07%
206014,325,01649.52%50.48%199.68850.92%
206514,893,87149.46%50.54%207.61850.78%
207015,380,33249.40%50.60%214.39850.64%
207515,778,55549.33%50.67%219.94850.51%
208016,083,42049.25%50.75%224.19850.38%
208516,300,02049.16%50.84%227.21850.27%
209016,435,23349.06%50.94%229.09860.17%
209516,495,85948.95%51.05%229.94860.07%
  1. Statistics Sierra Leone
  2. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1963, 1974, 1985, 2004 and 2015 censuses, adjusted for underenumeration and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration. Population structures by age and sex from the 2007 CWIQ, 2010 MICS4, and the 2008 and 2013 DHS were also considered.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer