Sierra Leone Population 2017

6,737,931

Sierra Leone is a rapidly growing country with an estimated population of 6.2 million, up from 5.5 million in 2008. The country has a population density of 79 people per square kilometer (205/sq mi), which ranks 114th in the world.

The Western Area Urban District, which includes the capital and largest city Freetown, has a population density of 1,224 people per square kilometers, while the Koinadugu has a population density of 21 people per square kilometer. Freetown had a 2004 population of 853,000, followed by Bo at 233,000.

Sierra Leone Demographics

Sierra Leone has 16 different ethnic groups, each with a different language. The largest ethnic group is the Temne (35%), followed by the Mende (31%). The Temne are dominant in the Northern Sierra Leone and areas around the capital, while the Mende live mostly in the South-Eastern Seirra Leone and the Kono District.

The third-largest ethnic group are the Limba (8%), who are native to the area and live in Northern Seirra Leone. The fourth group are the Fula (7%), who are descendants of Fulani migrant settlers from the 17th and 18th century who came from Guinea.

Other major ethnic groups include the Mandingo (2%), who are descended from Guinea traders; the Kono (5%), who are also descended from Guinea migrants; and the Krio (2%) people, who are descendants of freed African American, West Indian and Liberated African slaves and make up 3% of the population.

Smaller ethnic groups include the Kuranko, who arrived in the area around 1600; the Loko (2%), who are native to Sierra Leone; the Kissi, and the Sherbro.

Sierra Leone has a young population with 42% of its population under 15, and a rural population with 62% of people living outside of the cities.

About 71% of the population are Muslims, while Christians make up 27% of the population. The remainder practice indigenous beliefs. Religious violence is rare in Sierra Leone.

Sierra Leone Future

Sierra Leone is one of the poorest countries in the world that is facing many challenges. It has one of the highest youth unemployment rates in West Africa (60%), much of its drinking water is collected from polluted sources, one of the worst literacy rates in Africa and health problems that include HIV/AIDS, malaria, and yellow fever. About 81% of its population lives in poverty.

Sierra Leone Population in 2017Source: Magnus Ohman

About Sierra Leone

Official NameRepublic of Sierra Leone
Languages SpokenEnglish
BordersGIN, LBR
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude8.5-11.5
Currencies UsedSLL

Sierra Leone Population Density

Name Population
Hangha5,007
Hastings5,121
Kassiri5,161
Mamboma5,201
Buedu5,412
Tintafor5,460
Bomi5,463
Motema5,474
Masingbi5,644
Foindu5,868
Daru5,958
Tombodu5,985
Mambolo6,624
Moyamba6,700
Baoma7,044
Sumbuya7,074
Bunumbu7,355
Boajibu7,384
Barma7,529
Kukuna7,676
Pujehun7,926
Panguma7,965
Kamakwie8,098
Blama8,146
Pendembu8,780
Bonthe9,647
Gandorhun10,678
Yengema11,221
Kambia11,520
Gandorhun12,288
Rokupr12,504
Bumpe13,580
Freetown13,768
Binkolo13,867
Kailahun14,085
Magburaka14,915
Segbwema16,532
Kabala17,948
Waterloo19,750
Port Loko21,308
Lunsar22,461
Makeni87,679
Koidu88,000
Kenema143,137
Bo174,354
Freetown802,639

Sierra Leone Population Clock

What is the population of Sierra Leone (as of September 13, 2017)?6,737,931
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)6732899
Births Per Day127
Deaths Per Day47
Net Migrations Per Day -12
Net Change Per Day 68
Population Change Since January 1st17,340

Sierra Leone Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 34.364 births/thousand25
Crude Death Rate 12.801 deaths/thousand16
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.617 people/thousand107
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 52.017 years199
Male Life Expectancy 51.438 years197
Female Life Expectancy 52.6 years199
Total Fertility Rate 4.316 children/woman31
Net Reproduction Rate 1.662 surviving daughters/woman44
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.018 males per female200
Infant Mortality Rate 81.972 deaths/1,000 live births5
Under Five Mortality 116.72 deaths/thousand6
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.471 years133
Rate of Natural Increase 21.396 46
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 29.101 %195
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 29.943 %195
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 28.246 %196
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 48.487 %199
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 49.351 %195
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 47.621 %199
Crude Suicide Rate 5.6 suicides/thousand105
Median Age (Total) 19 years189
Median Age (Female) 19.6 years187
Median Age (Male) 18.4 years192

Sierra Leone Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20176,732,89949.518%50.482%931132.09%107
20156,453,18449.483%50.517%891152.13%107
20105,775,90149.38%50.62%801202.28%109
20055,071,27149.319%50.681%701233.33%113
20004,060,70949.364%50.636%561323.85%118
19953,837,80749.373%50.627%53133-0.12%119
19903,931,20849.39%50.61%541250.37%116
19853,466,04449.273%50.727%481262.93%118
19803,086,40649.126%50.874%421272.21%121
19752,765,91448.975%51.025%381282.11%121
19702,514,15148.708%51.292%341271.74%118
19652,332,99948.702%51.298%321231.4%117
19602,181,70148.75%51.25%301211.3%112
19552,051,84448.847%51.153%281191.19%112
19501,944,00148.976%51.024%261160.96%112

Sierra Leone Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20207,160,37349.562%50.438%991091.97%105
20257,874,19549.62%50.38%1091021.81%104
20308,597,58649.665%50.335%119991.68%102
20359,324,51349.703%50.297%129971.54%99
204010,040,66049.723%50.277%139951.39%97
204510,733,57349.727%50.273%148921.25%94
205011,391,78749.72%50.28%157891.1%92
205512,003,64549.701%50.299%166910.96%92
206012,562,04649.682%50.318%174910.83%92
206513,057,29449.655%50.345%180900.7%90
207013,484,48749.622%50.378%186880.56%87
207513,834,19149.576%50.424%191870.44%86
208014,104,51449.527%50.473%195850.32%87
208514,298,72049.471%50.529%198840.21%88
209014,422,00649.404%50.596%199840.12%87
209514,485,04349.332%50.668%200830.04%87
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations