Singapore Population 2018


Singapore is officially known as the Republic of Singapore and is located in Southeast Asia. It is an island country off the Malay Peninsula and is 137 Kilometers north of the equator. Singapore is comprised of 63 islands which are separated from Malaysia by the Straits of Johor. As a country, it has been extensively urbanized and still has a little primary rainforest left despite the fact that most of its land is developed and has been acquired through land reclamation. The latest population estimates put Singapore's population at 5.79 million.

By the end of June 2012, the population of Singapore stood at 5.31 million. The record low was 1.65 million five decades ago, even though the fertility ratio then was higher than it is now. Today, the population is estimated to be 5.5 million. Immigration into the Island has played a critical role in realizing the current population figure. As the government’s recent campaigns to increase the fertility ratio from 1.20 to 2.1 have been futile, the government has been forced to amend its immigration policies to accommodate the increasing labor demands caused by the Island’s industrialization.

Estimates from 2006 indicate that the net migration rate was 9.12 migrants per 1000 of the population. This was because the aging part of the population, although lower than most other developed countries at 9.9%, created a need to increase the task force in the country.

With the country’s different cultures bearing less than 1.7 as the fertility rate, the change in the current population is significantly impacted by immigrants over time. Since the early 2000s, the trend in population growth has been more a result of the number of migrants entering the country than from natural population growth.

Singapore Population History

Back in 1960, the population stood at 1.7 million people. In the last half-century, the population has seen a change of 222% as reported by Statistics Singapore. The country averaged 3.06 million and reached an all-time high of 5.31 million in December 2012, up from an all-time low of 1.65 in December 1960. Statistically, 0.08% of the world’s population is represented by Singapore, which translates to one person in every 1,346 on earth living in Singapore.

Just after World War II, Singapore experienced a post-World War II baby-boom, which resulted in an increased birth rate and significantly reduced death rates. By that time, the annual population growth rate was 4.4%, with immigration directly contributing 1%. The highest birth rate was later experienced in 1957 with a total of 42.7 per every thousand individuals. Starting in 1960, the government chose to fund family planning programs; and after its independence in 1965, the birth rate fell to 29.5 per thousand individuals, while the natural growth rate had fallen to 2.5%.

Singapore Life Expectancy

As of 2011, Singapore has an average life expectancy of 82 years, per a report by the World Health Organization (WHO). This average is taken from a male life expectancy of 80 and 85 for females. The figure slots the country as the fourth best in terms of world life expectancy. The only countries to go above this record are Japan, Switzerland and San Marino.

Life expectancy is the number of years that a newborn infant is expected to live, in the event that the factors affecting mortality don’t change all throughout his or her lifetime. Like many other countries, women have a lengthy life compared to men in Singapore.


As of the end of June 2012, the Island’s population stood at 5.31 million, making it the second densest sovereign state in the world behind Monaco. It’s a multiracial and subsequently multicultural country, with a majority of the population being Chinese.

74.2% of Singapore’s population is Chinese with Malays accounting for 13.2%, the second largest but distantly placed community in the country. Indians also comprise part of the minority group and account for only 9.2% of the population. The Malays are acknowledged as the indigenous community in the Island, although they primarily are descendants of the post-1945 migrations from Malaysia and Indonesia.

Mahayana Buddhism is the most widely followed religion in the Island, although its followers don’t form a majority in the country. There are significantly lower-sized groups of Islam, Christianity, Hinduism, Sikhism and those with no religion at all that add up to displace Mahayana Buddhism as a majority in Singapore.

The annual growth rate in 2012 was 2.5% according to statistic figures released. The Total Fertility Rate (TFR) has been 1.2 as of 2011 with 1.08 for Chinese, 1.64 for Malay and 1.09 for Indians. The Malay fertility rate was 70% higher than that of the Chinese and Indians. The country’s authorities have tried for years to boost the fertility ratio to 2.1 births per woman. The Island has four official languages: Mandarin, Malay, Tamil and English. English is used as a mandatory language in schools and is also the main working language in Singapore.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 11 minutes
One death every 18 minutes
One net migrant every 9 minutes
Net gain of one person every 7 minutes

Singapore Population in 2018Source: By Erwin Soo from Singapore, Singapore (A Night Perspective on the Singapore Merlion) [CC BY 2.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons

Singapore Population Pyramid 2018

0k10k20k30k40k50kSingapore Male Population0k10k20k30k40k50kSingapore Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Singapore Median Age







Singapore Population by Age

There are 4,650,727 adults in Singapore.

Census Years

Year Date
202030 June 2020
201030 June 2010
200030 June 2000
199030 June 1990

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Singapore Population Growth

Singapore’s Total Fertility Rate of 1.20 per woman interprets to projecting only a slight increase in the total population. The fertility rate stands as one of the lowest in the world today and the government’s efforts prove there is a need to increase the fertility ratio. In the past, the government has launched highly publicized campaigns to raise awareness of the shortcomings of an aging population, and it has also been compelled to adjust its immigration policy in order to allow people in who will satisfy the country’s labor needs. The population is set to grow over time; however, the growth will not be sufficient to meet the labor demands that Singapore has due to industrialization within the Island. Thus, there is a possibility that in the years to come, part of the population growth will be attributed to immigration into the country.

About Singapore

Official NameRepublic of Singapore
Languages SpokenMandarin, English, Malay, Tamil
Is LandlockedNo
Currencies UsedSingapore Dollar

Countries Bordering Singapore


Singapore Population Density

Singapore Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population

Singapore Population Clock

The population of Singapore (as of 6/18/2018)?5,789,285
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)5,791,901
Births Per Day136
Deaths Per Day81
Net Migrations Per Day 163
Net Change Per Day 218
Population Change Since January 1st36,842

Singapore Population Indicators

Crude Birth Rate 8.682 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 5.148 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 10.408 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 83.3 years
Male Life Expectancy 81.25 years
Female Life Expectancy 85.26 years
Total Fertility Rate 1.26 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.604 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.073 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 1.843 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 2.28 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 31.317 years
Rate of Natural Increase 3.534

Singapore Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate

Singapore Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
Data Sources
  1. Statistics Singapore
  2. Statistics Singapore
  3. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with censuses from 1957 through 2010, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration. Official estimates up to 2016 are also considered.

  4. GeoNames Gazetteer