Singapore Population 2017


By the end of June 2012, the population of Singapore stood at 5.31 million. The record low was 1.65 million five decades ago, even though the fertility ratio then was higher than it is now. Today, the population is estimated to be 5.5 million. Immigration into the Island has played a critical role in realizing the current population figure. As the government’s recent campaigns to increase the fertility ratio from 1.20 to 2.1 have been futile, the government has been forced to amend its immigration policies to accommodate the increasing labor demands caused by the Island’s industrialization.

Estimates from 2006 indicate that the net migration rate was 9.12 migrants per 1000 of the population. This was because the aging part of the population, although lower than most other developed countries at 9.9%, created a need to increase the task force in the country.

With the country’s different cultures bearing less than 1.7 as the fertility rate, the change in the current population is significantly impacted by immigrants over time. Since the early 2000s, the trend in population growth has been more a result of the number of migrants entering the country than from natural population growth.

Singapore Population History

Back in 1960, the population stood at 1.7 million people. In the last half-century, the population has seen a change of 222% as reported by Statistics Singapore. The country averaged 3.06 million and reached an all-time high of 5.31 million in December 2012, up from an all-time low of 1.65 in December 1960. Statistically, 0.08% of the world’s population is represented by Singapore, which translates to one person in every 1,346 on earth living in Singapore.

Just after World War II, Singapore experienced a post-World War II baby-boom, which resulted in an increased birth rate and significantly reduced death rates. By that time, the annual population growth rate was 4.4%, with immigration directly contributing 1%. The highest birth rate was later experienced in 1957 with a total of 42.7 per every thousand individuals. Starting in 1960, the government chose to fund family planning programs; and after its independence in 1965, the birth rate fell to 29.5 per thousand individuals, while the natural growth rate had fallen to 2.5%.

Singapore Life Expectancy

As of 2011, Singapore has an average life expectancy of 82 years, per a report by the World Health Organization (WHO). This average is taken from a male life expectancy of 80 and 85 for females. The figure slots the country as the fourth best in terms of world life expectancy. The only countries to go above this record are Japan, Switzerland and San Marino.

Life expectancy is the number of years that a newborn infant is expected to live, in the event that the factors affecting mortality don’t change all throughout his or her lifetime. Like many other countries, women have a lengthy life compared to men in Singapore.


As of the end of June 2012, the Island’s population stood at 5.31 million, making it the second densest sovereign state in the world behind Monaco. It’s a multiracial and subsequently multicultural country, with a majority of the population being Chinese.

74.2% of Singapore’s population is Chinese with Malays accounting for 13.2%, the second largest but distantly placed community in the country. Indians also comprise part of the minority group and account for only 9.2% of the population. The Malays are acknowledged as the indigenous community in the Island, although they primarily are descendants of the post-1945 migrations from Malaysia and Indonesia.

Mahayana Buddhism is the most widely followed religion in the Island, although its followers don’t form a majority in the country. There are significantly lower-sized groups of Islam, Christianity, Hinduism, Sikhism and those with no religion at all that add up to displace Mahayana Buddhism as a majority in Singapore.

The annual growth rate in 2012 was 2.5% according to statistic figures released. The Total Fertility Rate (TFR) has been 1.2 as of 2011 with 1.08 for Chinese, 1.64 for Malay and 1.09 for Indians. The Malay fertility rate was 70% higher than that of the Chinese and Indians. The country’s authorities have tried for years to boost the fertility ratio to 2.1 births per woman. The Island has four official languages: Mandarin, Malay, Tamil and English. English is used as a mandatory language in schools and is also the main working language in Singapore.

Singapore Population in 2017Source: Erwin Soo from Singapore, Singapore

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Singapore Population Growth

Singapore’s Total Fertility Rate of 1.20 per woman interprets to projecting only a slight increase in the total population. The fertility rate stands as one of the lowest in the world today and the government’s efforts prove there is a need to increase the fertility ratio. In the past, the government has launched highly publicized campaigns to raise awareness of the shortcomings of an aging population, and it has also been compelled to adjust its immigration policy in order to allow people in who will satisfy the country’s labor needs. The population is set to grow over time; however, the growth will not be sufficient to meet the labor demands that Singapore has due to industrialization within the Island. Thus, there is a possibility that in the years to come, part of the population growth will be attributed to immigration into the country.

About Singapore

Official NameRepublic of Singapore
Languages SpokenTamil, Malay, English, Mandarin
Is LandlockedNo
Currencies UsedSGD

Singapore Population Density

Name Population

Singapore Population Clock

What is the population of Singapore (as of September 13, 2017)?5,797,488
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)5784538
Births Per Day28
Deaths Per Day16
Net Migrations Per Day 163
Net Change Per Day 175
Population Change Since January 1st44,625

Singapore Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 8.729 births/thousand193
Crude Death Rate 4.994 deaths/thousand181
Crude Net Migration Rate 10.282 people/thousand1
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 83.608 years4
Male Life Expectancy 80.518 years11
Female Life Expectancy 86.595 years3
Total Fertility Rate 1.256 children/woman197
Net Reproduction Rate 0.604 surviving daughters/woman197
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.073 males per female13
Infant Mortality Rate 1.486 deaths/1,000 live births200
Under Five Mortality 1.882 deaths/thousand200
Mean Age at Childbearing 31.264 years16
Rate of Natural Increase 3.601 151
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 1.435 %15
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 1.882 %19
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 0.988 %10
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 5.462 %7
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 6.991 %8
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 3.924 %7
Crude Suicide Rate 9 suicides/thousand71
Median Age (Total) 34.3 years78
Median Age (Female) 34.4 years80
Median Age (Male) 34.2 years74

Singapore Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank

Singapore Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations