Slovakia Population 2018

5,448,668

Slovakia, or the Slovak Republic, is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Austria, Poland, the Czech Republic, Ukraine, and Hungary. In 2018, Slovakia has an estimated population of 5.45 million, which ranks 115th in the world.

Slovakia has an estimated population of 5.45 million, compared to 5.39 million at the 2011 census. The population density is 111 people per square kilometer, which ranks 88th in the world, although the density is much higher in the capital, which has a population density of 1,131 people per square kilometer.

The capital and largest city is Bratislava, with a population of 413,000, followed by Kosice with 241,000 residents. These are the only cities with a population of more than 100,000.

The Slavs, ancestors of the Slovaks, arrived in the area in the 5th or 6th century. After WW II and the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Slovaks and Czechs created a mutual state, Czechoslovakia, until Slovakia became an independent state in 1993 and Czechoslovakia was dissolved peacefully.

Slovakia Demographics

The 2011 census found that most residents are Slovaks (80.7%), with Hungarians representing the second-largest ethnic group (8.5%). Other groups include Roma (2%), Czechs (0.6%), and Rusyns (0.6%), although unofficial estimates put the Roma population at 9%. Prior to World War II, there were 135,000 Jews in the country. Today, there are just 2,300 Jews in Slovakia.

62% of Slovaks are Roman Catholics, followed by Protestants (5.9%), Greek Catholics (3.8%), Orthodox (0.9%), and atheist (13.4%).

Components of Population Change

One birth every 9 minutes
One death every 10 minutes
One net migrant every 480 minutes
Net gain of one person every 206 minutes

Slovakia Population in 2018Source: Marc Ryckaert (MJJR)

Slovakia Population Pyramid 2018

0k10k20k30k40k50kSlovakia Male Population0k10k20k30k40k50kSlovakia Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Slovakia Median Age

40.1


Total

38.4


Male

41.9


Female

Slovakia Population by Age

There are 4,450,656 adults in Slovakia.

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Slovakia Population Growth

Slovakia is currently growing at a rate of just 0.2% per year. A recent Gallup poll in May 2014 fond that, if immigration were unregulated and all Slovaks who wish to move abroad did, while all foreigners who wanted to live in Slovakia moved to the country, the population would still drop by 14%.

About Slovakia

Official NameSlovak Republic
Languages SpokenSlovak
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude48.6666666619.5
Currencies UsedEuro
DemonymSlovak

Countries Bordering Slovakia

Austria
Czech Republic
Hungary
Poland
Ukraine

Slovakia Population Density

Slovakia Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Bratislava423,737
Kosice236,563
Presov94,718
Nitra86,329
Zilina85,985
Banska Bystrica82,336
Trnava69,785
Martin60,817
Trencin58,278
Poprad57,431
Prievidza52,987
Zvolen44,502
Povazska Bystrica43,936
Nove Zamky42,044
Michalovce40,360
Spisska Nova Ves39,195
Levice37,574
Komarno36,279
Humenne35,367
Liptovsky Mikulas33,509

Slovakia Population Clock

The population of Slovakia (as of 1/17/2018)?5,448,668
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)5,449,816
Births Per Day154
Deaths Per Day150
Net Migrations Per Day 3
Net Change Per Day 7
Population Change Since January 1st119

Slovakia Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 10.342 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 10.082 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 0.184 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 77 years
Male Life Expectancy 73.47 years
Female Life Expectancy 80.43 years
Total Fertility Rate 1.462 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.706 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 5.079 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 6.058 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.609 years
Rate of Natural Increase 0.26

Slovakia Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20185,449,81648.61%51.39%111.141170.06%
20155,439,31848.60%51.40%110.921170.13%
20105,404,29448.50%51.50%110.211130.02%
20055,398,96348.48%51.52%110.10110-0.00%
20005,399,21148.56%51.44%110.101030.09%
19955,375,47048.66%51.34%109.621010.33%
19905,288,45448.81%51.19%107.85980.47%
19855,166,79848.97%51.03%105.37950.67%
19804,996,73149.13%50.87%101.90941.01%
19754,752,54049.22%50.78%96.92920.92%
19704,538,84149.33%50.67%92.56880.70%
19654,383,45249.43%50.57%89.39841.15%
19604,140,12949.36%50.64%84.43821.65%
19553,815,40249.05%50.95%77.81812.11%
19503,436,57348.48%51.52%70.08810.00%

Slovakia Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20205,451,40048.61%51.39%111.171180.00%
20255,437,85048.60%51.40%110.89124-0.05%
20305,387,45848.58%51.42%109.87125-0.19%
20355,300,58648.57%51.43%108.09128-0.32%
20405,192,52148.59%51.41%105.89130-0.41%
20455,078,83548.66%51.34%103.57130-0.44%
20504,964,54248.77%51.23%101.24130-0.45%
20554,846,43148.87%51.13%98.83131-0.48%
20604,718,34348.98%51.02%96.22132-0.53%
20654,577,32649.09%50.91%93.34132-0.61%
20704,429,95049.21%50.79%90.34133-0.65%
20754,288,96349.35%50.65%87.46135-0.64%
20804,165,69149.50%50.50%84.95136-0.58%
20854,063,98949.64%50.36%82.88137-0.49%
20903,979,42549.75%50.25%81.15137-0.42%
20953,904,73849.81%50.19%79.63137-0.38%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer