Smallest Countries In The World 2019

The smallest countries in the world are those that have the least amount of square miles within the official boundaries of the country. In order of smallest to less small, here are the top fifty smallest countries on Earth. Bear in mind that the list begins with the smallest country, the Vatican City, and ends with the fiftieth smallest country around the world.

The Vatican City

Vatican City is a country that receives a lot of misinformation in casual conversations. If you take the capital of the United States and compare it to the Vatican City, you can come to understand the ways by which Vatican City is not automatically considered a country. See, the capital city of the United States of America is Washington D.C. The District of Columbia is not a separate state, but rather, D.C. is federal district.

So, when it comes to defining Vatican City, a similar title comes into play, and the Vatican is not always recognized by its official status as a country. Instead, the Vatican is thought of as being a city, which is a misunderstanding rooted in the fact that the country’s name contains the word city in it. But try not to let the common misconception about the Vatican convince you otherwise because Vatican City is, in fact, a country. It also just so happens to be the smallest country in the entire world, too.

Vatican City is a country that encompasses less than one square mile in all. This fact is a contributing factor to the inaccurate assumptions so often made about Vatican City. With a total area of approximately zero point seventeen square miles of land, the Vatican City not only has the absolute smallest total area, but the population density of the Vatican City is also tremendously shocking.

By taking the population of this country and dividing it by the sum of square miles within the country’s borders, we can figure out just how many people there are in relation to the amount of land. The. population size of Vatican City is currently estimated to be around one thousand people, which means that all one thousand people who reside in Vatican City are faced with the reality of squeezing into less than a third of a mile’s worth of land.


Monaco is a country that lies along the coast of the ever so beautiful French Riviera. As a destination country for people with more money than they know what to do with, Monaco is full of partying, gambling, spending, and lounging galore. Located very near to France and positioned along the shore of the Mediterranean Sea, Monaco is the second smallest country in the whole world. The country of Monaco is only zero point seventy-eight square miles in size, which is hard to believe given the consistent tourist activities and bustling adventures. Despite the very small physical dimensions of Monaco, the European country remains a favorite among those with money to spare.


The lesser known island of Nauru is a country all on its own, which is a surprising truth when you consider just how small this island country actually is. Geographically near Australia and in the Pacific Ocean, Nauru is part of the Australian continent despite not being connected to the mainland of Australia. Nauru is a country made up of just eight point one square miles, making it not only the third smallest country around the globe but also the smallest island country of all that exist.


With a total area of roughly ten square miles, the island country of Tuvalu is also off the shore of Australia. Unlike Nauru, Tuvalu does not have a profitable tourism industry because of the fact that the island is semi-remote. People do not often seek out Tuvalu as a destination island country, but even so, about ten thousand people live and work on the Australian island of Tuvalu.

San Marino

As the fifth smallest country in the world, San Marino is made up of twenty-four square miles.


The total area of Liechtenstein is fifty-two square miles, and this total area value places Liechtenstein as the sixth smallest country around the globe.

The Marshall Islands

Only seventy square miles make up the Marshall Islands. As a result, this island country is the seventh smallest country on Earth.

Saint Kitts and Nevis

The eighth smallest country in the world is Saint Kitts and Nevis, which is an island nation of one hundred and one square miles in total.

The Maldives

The Maldives is a European island nation that encompasses roughly one hundred fifteen square miles in all. The Maldives has the ninth smallest total area of all countries in the world.


Known as the Republic of Malta, this country is actually an island country, technically speaking. See, Malta is made up of three major islands that cumulatively are referred to as Malta. The three islands, in no particular order, are Comino, Malta, and Gozo. As confusing as it might sound for one of the islands to have the same name as the collective country, there is no greater importance imparted onto the island of Malta. All three islands are equal players in the Republic of Malta.

As the tenth smallest country in the world, Malta only takes up one hundred twelve square miles across the three islands combined. The islands are beautiful places to visit and spend your vacations, but if you plan to move to the Republic of Malta any time soon, you might want to first decide if a country of such small proportions is well-suited for long-term living.

To put the size of Malta into a more realistic perspective, think about the fact that the Republic of Malta has a population of 433,070 people to date. For every square mile of inhabitable land in Malta, there are approximately 3,507 people. That's more than three-and-a-half thousand people per square mile of a country, which is not as crowded as the previous nine countries, but nonetheless, this is not a comfortable nor spacious person-to-square-mileage ratio.

Rank Flag Name Population 2019 Area Area (mi²) % of Earth's Area Growth Rate Region Subregion
1Israel8,519,37720,770 km²8,017 mi²< 0.1%1.64%AsiaWestern Asia
2Lebanon6,855,71310,452 km²4,034 mi²< 0.1%-0.05%AsiaWestern Asia
3El Salvador6,453,55321,041 km²8,122 mi²< 0.1%0.51%AmericasCentral America
4Singapore5,804,337710 km²274 mi²< 0.1%0.81%AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
5Kuwait4,207,08317,818 km²6,878 mi²< 0.1%1.69%AsiaWestern Asia
6Jamaica2,948,27910,991 km²4,243 mi²< 0.1%0.46%AmericasCaribbean
7Qatar2,832,06711,586 km²4,472 mi²< 0.1%1.81%AsiaWestern Asia
8Gambia2,347,70610,689 km²4,126 mi²< 0.1%2.97%AfricaWestern Africa
9Macedonia2,083,45925,713 km²9,925 mi²< 0.1%0.02%EuropeSouthern Europe
10Slovenia2,078,65420,273 km²7,825 mi²< 0.1%0.04%EuropeSouthern Europe
11Bahrain1,641,172765 km²295 mi²< 0.1%4.57%AsiaWestern Asia
12Trinidad And Tobago1,394,9735,130 km²1,980 mi²< 0.1%0.37%AmericasCaribbean
13Mauritius1,269,6682,040 km²787 mi²< 0.1%0.20%AfricaEastern Africa
14Cyprus1,198,5759,251 km²3,571 mi²< 0.1%0.78%EuropeEastern Europe
15Swaziland1,148,13017,364 km²6,703 mi²< 0.1%1.04%AfricaSouthern Africa
16Djibouti973,56023,200 km²8,955 mi²< 0.1%1.53%AfricaEastern Africa
17Fiji889,95318,272 km²7,053 mi²< 0.1%0.73%OceaniaMelanesia
18Comoros850,8861,862 km²719 mi²< 0.1%2.23%AfricaEastern Africa
19Montenegro627,98713,812 km²5,331 mi²< 0.1%0.03%EuropeSouthern Europe
20Luxembourg615,7292,586 km²998 mi²< 0.1%1.90%EuropeWestern Europe
21Cape Verde549,9354,033 km²1,557 mi²< 0.1%1.13%AfricaWestern Africa
22Malta440,372316 km²122 mi²< 0.1%0.26%EuropeSouthern Europe
23Brunei433,2855,765 km²2,225 mi²< 0.1%1.01%AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
24Belize390,35322,966 km²8,865 mi²< 0.1%1.90%AmericasCentral America
25Vanuatu299,88212,189 km²4,705 mi²< 0.1%2.46%OceaniaMelanesia
26Barbados287,025430 km²166 mi²< 0.1%0.13%AmericasCaribbean
27Samoa197,0972,842 km²1,097 mi²< 0.1%0.49%OceaniaPolynesia
28Saint Lucia182,790616 km²238 mi²< 0.1%0.50%AmericasCaribbean
29Kiribati117,606811 km²313 mi²< 0.1%1.52%OceaniaMicronesia
30Micronesia113,815702 km²271 mi²< 0.1%1.04%OceaniaMicronesia
31Grenada112,003344 km²133 mi²< 0.1%0.49%AmericasCaribbean
32Saint Vincent And The Grenadines110,589389 km²150 mi²< 0.1%0.34%AmericasCaribbean
33Tonga104,494747 km²288 mi²< 0.1%1.26%OceaniaPolynesia
34Seychelles97,739452 km²174 mi²< 0.1%0.66%AfricaEastern Africa
35Antigua And Barbuda97,118442 km²171 mi²< 0.1%0.86%AmericasCaribbean
36Andorra77,142468 km²181 mi²< 0.1%0.18%EuropeSouthern Europe
37Dominica71,808751 km²290 mi²< 0.1%0.26%AmericasCaribbean
38Saint Kitts And Nevis52,823261 km²101 mi²< 0.1%0.73%AmericasCaribbean
39Monaco38,9642.02 km²1 mi²< 0.1%0.73%EuropeWestern Europe
40Liechtenstein38,019160 km²62 mi²< 0.1%0.29%EuropeWestern Europe
41San Marino33,86061 km²24 mi²< 0.1%0.22%EuropeSouthern Europe
42Palau18,008459 km²177 mi²< 0.1%0.56%OceaniaMicronesia
43Tuvalu11,64626 km²10 mi²< 0.1%1.20%OceaniaPolynesia
44Nauru10,75621 km²8 mi²< 0.1%0.81%OceaniaMicronesia
45Vatican City7990.44 km² mi²< 0.1%-0.25%EuropeSouthern Europe