Solomon Islands Population 2017

611,343

Solomon Islands is a sovereign country made up of several islands in Oceania to the east of Papua New Guinea, not to be confused to with Solomon Islands archipelago, a collection of Melanesian islands that includes Solomon Islands and Bougainville Island. The 2017 estimated population of Solomon Islands is 611,343, which ranks 170th in the world.

Solomon Islands has 28,400 square kilometers of land (142nd largest), with a population estimated at 611,343. This is up from 523,000 in 2009. Solomon Islands has a very low population density of just 18 people per square kilometer, which is 189th in the world.

The capital and largest city is Honiara, with a population estimated at 67,000. There are no other cities with a population of more than 10,000.

Solomon Islands Demographics

Most people in Solomon Islands are ethnically Melanesian (94.5%). Other large ethnic groups include Polynesian (3%) and Micronesian (1.2%), with a few thousand ethnic Chinese in the country. There are 70 living languages in Solomon Islands with Melanesian languages spoken mostly on the central islands. While English is the official language, just 1-2% of the population speaks English.

Interestingly, 10% of people in Solomon Islands have blond hair, but it is not the result of intermarriage with Europeans. This is a native trait.

92% of the population is Christian, with major denominations including the Anglican Church of Melanesia (35%), Roman Catholic (19%), South Seas Evangelical Church (17%), United Church in Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands (11%), and Seventh-day Adventist (10%). The rest of the population adheres to Islam, Jehovah's Witnesses, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons), the Baha'i faith, and aboriginal beliefs.

Solomon Islands Population in 2018Source: Friars Balsam

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Solomon Islands Population Growth

Solomon Islands is a slowly growing country. In 1999, it hit a population of 400,000 for the first time, and reached 500,000 some time in 2008. Today, Solomon Islands is growing at a rate of 2.1% per year.

About Solomon Islands

Official NameSolomon Islands
Languages SpokenEnglish
Borders
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude-8159
Currencies UsedSDB

Solomon Islands Population Density

Name Population
Honiara56,298
Auki6,811
Gizo6,154
Buala2,700
Tulaghi1,750
Kirakira1,122
Lata553
Taro'a507

Solomon Islands Population Clock

What is the population of Solomon Islands (as of 11/15/2017)?611,343
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)611,343
Births Per Day9
Deaths Per Day2
Net Migrations Per Day -7
Net Change Per Day
Population Change Since January 1st

Solomon Islands Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 28.191 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 5.567 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -3.923 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 68.547 years
Male Life Expectancy 67.113 years
Female Life Expectancy 70.125 years
Total Fertility Rate 3.789 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.708 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.065 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 34.034 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 41.796 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.007 years
Rate of Natural Increase 22.377
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 8.706%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 9.406%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 7.968%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 21.003%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 23.233%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 18.655%
Median Age (Total) 22.2 years
Median Age (Female) 22.4 years
Median Age (Male) 22 years

Solomon Islands Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
2017611,34350.84%49.16%212.01%
2015587,48250.83%49.17%202.17%
2010527,79050.81%49.19%182.35%
2005469,88551.09%48.91%162.63%
2000412,60951.40%48.60%142.81%
1995359,22551.36%48.64%122.87%
1990311,84051.38%48.62%112.86%
1985270,80151.53%48.48%93.27%
1980230,60751.69%48.30%83.58%
1975193,44551.93%48.07%73.83%
1970160,29052.55%47.45%63.21%
1965136,84752.82%47.18%53.03%
1960117,86653.65%46.35%42.93%
1955102,02454.12%45.88%42.59%
195089,79455.12%44.87%30.00%

Solomon Islands Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
2020647,29750.83%49.17%220.00%
2025708,67850.82%49.18%251.83%
2030772,54550.79%49.21%271.74%
2035838,53850.75%49.25%291.65%
2040905,07350.72%49.28%311.54%
2045970,32950.69%49.31%341.40%
20501,032,77750.67%49.33%361.26%
20551,092,68150.67%49.33%381.13%
20601,149,83550.68%49.32%401.02%
20651,204,43750.70%49.30%420.93%
20701,255,88150.72%49.28%430.84%
20751,303,34950.73%49.27%450.74%
20801,345,76950.73%49.27%470.64%
20851,382,33350.72%49.28%480.54%
20901,412,91450.72%49.28%490.44%
20951,437,97550.73%49.27%500.35%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer