Solomon Islands Population 2018

618,033

Solomon Islands is a sovereign country made up of several islands in Oceania to the east of Papua New Guinea, not to be confused to with Solomon Islands archipelago, a collection of Melanesian islands that includes Solomon Islands and Bougainville Island. The 2018 estimated population of Solomon Islands is 623,281, which ranks 170th in the world.

Solomon Islands has 28,400 square kilometers of land (142nd largest), with a population estimated at 623,281. This is up from 523,000 in 2009. Solomon Islands has a very low population density of just 18 people per square kilometer, which is 189th in the world.

The capital and largest city is Honiara, with a population estimated at 67,000. There are no other cities with a population of more than 10,000.

Solomon Islands Demographics

Most people in Solomon Islands are ethnically Melanesian (94.5%). Other large ethnic groups include Polynesian (3%) and Micronesian (1.2%), with a few thousand ethnic Chinese in the country. There are 70 living languages in Solomon Islands with Melanesian languages spoken mostly on the central islands. While English is the official language, just 1-2% of the population speaks English.

Interestingly, 10% of people in Solomon Islands have blond hair, but it is not the result of intermarriage with Europeans. This is a native trait.

92% of the population is Christian, with major denominations including the Anglican Church of Melanesia (35%), Roman Catholic (19%), South Seas Evangelical Church (17%), United Church in Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands (11%), and Seventh-day Adventist (10%). The rest of the population adheres to Islam, Jehovah's Witnesses, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons), the Baha'i faith, and aboriginal beliefs.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 31 minutes
One death every 180 minutes
One net migrant every 206 minutes
Net gain of one person every 45 minutes

Solomon Islands Population in 2018Source: Friars Balsam

Solomon Islands Population Pyramid 2018

0k2k4k6k8kSolomon Islands Male Population0k2k4k6k8kSolomon Islands Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Solomon Islands Median Age

22.2


Total

22


Male

22.4


Female

Solomon Islands Population by Age

There are 333,425 adults in Solomon Islands.

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Solomon Islands Population Growth

Solomon Islands is a slowly growing country. In 1999, it hit a population of 400,000 for the first time, and reached 500,000 some time in 2008. Today, Solomon Islands is growing at a rate of 2.1% per year.

About Solomon Islands

Official NameSolomon Islands
Languages SpokenEnglish
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude-8159
Currencies UsedSDB
DemonymSolomon Islander

Countries Bordering Solomon Islands

None

Solomon Islands Population Density

Solomon Islands Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Honiara56,298
Auki6,811
Gizo6,154
Buala2,700
Tulagi1,750
Kirakira1,122
Lata553
Taro

Solomon Islands Population Clock

The population of Solomon Islands (as of 1/17/2018)?618,033
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)623,281
Births Per Day47
Deaths Per Day8
Net Migrations Per Day -7
Net Change Per Day 32
Population Change Since January 1st544

Solomon Islands Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 27.944 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 4.68 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -3.887 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 71.12 years
Male Life Expectancy 69.63 years
Female Life Expectancy 72.75 years
Total Fertility Rate 3.77 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.745 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.065 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 24.852 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 29.604 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.828 years
Rate of Natural Increase 23.264

Solomon Islands Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
2018623,28150.84%49.16%21.571681.99%
2015587,48250.83%49.17%20.331682.17%
2010527,79050.81%49.19%18.271682.35%
2005469,88551.09%48.91%16.261702.63%
2000412,60951.40%48.60%14.281722.81%
1995359,22551.36%48.64%12.431742.87%
1990311,84051.38%48.62%10.791742.86%
1985270,80151.53%48.48%9.371743.27%
1980230,60751.69%48.30%7.981743.58%
1975193,44551.93%48.07%6.691753.83%
1970160,29052.55%47.45%5.551753.21%
1965136,84752.82%47.18%4.741753.03%
1960117,86653.65%46.35%4.081742.93%
1955102,02454.12%45.88%3.531752.59%
195089,79455.12%44.87%3.111750.00%

Solomon Islands Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
2020647,29750.83%49.17%22.401670.00%
2025708,67850.82%49.18%24.531661.83%
2030772,54550.79%49.21%26.741661.74%
2035838,53850.75%49.25%29.021651.65%
2040905,07350.72%49.28%31.321651.54%
2045970,32950.69%49.31%33.581651.40%
20501,032,77750.67%49.33%35.741621.26%
20551,092,68150.67%49.33%37.811621.13%
20601,149,83550.68%49.32%39.791611.02%
20651,204,43750.70%49.30%41.681590.93%
20701,255,88150.72%49.28%43.461590.84%
20751,303,34950.73%49.27%45.101580.74%
20801,345,76950.73%49.27%46.571570.64%
20851,382,33350.72%49.28%47.841560.54%
20901,412,91450.72%49.28%48.901560.44%
20951,437,97550.73%49.27%49.761560.35%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer