Somalia Population 2017

14,754,667

Somalia is located in the Horn of Africa with a 2017 population estimated at 14.74 million, up from the 2013 estimate of 10 million. The country is rapidly expanding with almost 3% annual population growth and a high fertility rate of 6.26 children per woman, which is the 4th highest in the world.

Around 85% of its people are ethnic Somalis, who have inhabited the region historically. Ethnic minorities make up the rest of the population and are concentrated primarily in the southern areas of Somalia. Non-Somali ethnic groups include Benadiri, Bravanese, Bantus, Ethiopians, Indians, Persians and Italians. The Bantus are the largest ethnic minority in Somalia and are descended from slaves brought by Arab traders. After the country gained independence, most Europeans left the region.

Most of the people are Muslims, with the majority being Sunni. Its 10.9 million population represents a huge increase from the 3.3 million people in 1975, but civil strife in the 90's increased Somali diaspora and many of the highly educated people left.

There are two cities in Somalia with a population over 1 million: Mogadishu is the largest with 1.4 million followed by Hargeisa at 1.2 million.

Somalia Population in 2018Source: By Simisa (Own work Simisa (talk · contribs)) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Somalia Population Growth

With rapid growth and one of the world's highest fertility rates, Somalia is expected to reach 13.2 million by 2020.

About Somalia

Official NameFederal Republic of Somalia
Languages SpokenArabic, Somali
BordersDJI, ETH, KEN
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude1049
Currencies UsedSOS

Somalia Population Density

Name Population
Mogadishu2,587,183
Hargeysa477,876
Berbera242,344
Kismayo234,852
Marka230,100
Jamaame185,270
Baidoa129,839
Burao99,270
Bosaso74,287
Afgooye65,461
Gaalkacyo61,200
Laascaanood60,100
Garoowe57,300
Beledweyne55,410
Qoryooley51,720
Jawhar47,086
Jilib43,694
Baardheere42,240
Ceerigaabo33,853
Luuq33,820
Buurhakaba27,792
Ceeldheer26,562
Wanlaweyn22,022
Baki20,000
Eyl18,904
Buulobarde16,928
Qandala15,923
Bandarbeyla13,753
Garbahaarrey12,652
Hobyo12,564
Xuddur12,500
Bereeda11,262
Jalalaqsi9,743
Ceelbuur9,031
Dhuusamarreeb9,000
Yeed8,429
Mahaddayweyne8,273
Saacow7,893
Las Khorey6,941
Bargaal6,798
Waajid6,666
Iskushuban5,759
Oodweyne5,491
Cadale5,385
Bu'aale

Somalia Population Clock

What is the population of Somalia (as of 11/15/2017)?14,754,667
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)14,742,523
Births Per Day269
Deaths Per Day71
Net Migrations Per Day -110
Net Change Per Day 88
Population Change Since January 1st28,072

Somalia Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 42.953 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 11.374 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -3.447 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 56.373 years
Male Life Expectancy 54.729 years
Female Life Expectancy 58.042 years
Total Fertility Rate 6.169 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 2.446 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 70.824 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 117.852 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.308 years
Rate of Natural Increase 31.636
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 25.44%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 27.13%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 23.707%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 40.984%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 44.022%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 37.887%
Median Age (Total) 17.9 years
Median Age (Female) 17.8 years
Median Age (Male) 18.1 years

Somalia Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
201714,742,52349.81%50.19%232.96%
201513,908,12949.82%50.18%222.90%
201012,053,22349.92%50.08%192.97%
200510,409,92550.06%49.94%162.93%
20009,011,47950.12%49.88%143.18%
19957,704,89450.20%49.80%120.82%
19907,397,34750.30%49.70%121.72%
19856,791,71650.59%49.41%111.32%
19806,359,12650.99%49.01%1010.38%
19753,880,32049.43%50.57%62.41%
19703,444,55349.43%50.57%52.34%
19653,068,43749.44%50.56%52.17%
19602,755,94749.48%50.52%42.04%
19552,491,52049.54%50.46%41.93%
19502,264,08249.64%50.36%40.00%

Somalia Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
202016,105,17449.82%50.18%250.00%
202518,665,84949.81%50.19%293.00%
203021,535,01949.80%50.20%342.90%
203524,699,61349.80%50.20%392.78%
204028,145,89949.79%50.21%442.65%
204531,869,27549.78%50.22%502.52%
205035,851,79249.77%50.23%562.38%
205540,049,53949.75%50.25%632.24%
206044,409,57249.73%50.27%702.09%
206548,875,77649.69%50.31%771.94%
207053,406,17649.64%50.36%841.79%
207557,953,01949.59%50.41%911.65%
208062,459,83849.52%50.48%981.51%
208566,868,09149.45%50.55%1051.37%
209071,126,69249.38%50.62%1121.24%
209575,171,00949.31%50.69%1181.11%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer