Somalia Population 2018

15,167,477

Somalia is located in the Horn of Africa with a 2018 population estimated at 15.18 million, up from the 2013 estimate of 10 million. The country is rapidly expanding with almost 3% annual population growth and a high fertility rate of 6.26 children per woman, which is the 4th highest in the world.

Around 85% of its people are ethnic Somalis, who have inhabited the region historically. Ethnic minorities make up the rest of the population and are concentrated primarily in the southern areas of Somalia. Non-Somali ethnic groups include Benadiri, Bravanese, Bantus, Ethiopians, Indians, Persians and Italians. The Bantus are the largest ethnic minority in Somalia and are descended from slaves brought by Arab traders. After the country gained independence, most Europeans left the region.

Most of the people are Muslims, with the majority being Sunni. Its 10.9 million population represents a huge increase from the 3.3 million people in 1975, but civil strife in the 90's increased Somali diaspora and many of the highly educated people left.

There are two cities in Somalia with a population over 1 million: Mogadishu is the largest with 1.4 million followed by Hargeisa at 1.2 million.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 49 seconds
One death every 3 minutes
One net migrant every 13 minutes
Net gain of one person every 1 minutes

Somalia Population in 2018Source: By Axmadyare [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Somalia Population Pyramid 2018

0k50k100k150k200k250k300kSomalia Male Population0k50k100k150k200k250k300kSomalia Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Somalia Median Age

17.9


Total

18.1


Male

17.8


Female

Somalia Population by Age

There are 6,897,387 adults in Somalia.

Census Years

Year Date
198715 February 1987

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Somalia Population Growth

With rapid growth and one of the world's highest fertility rates, Somalia is expected to reach 13.2 million by 2020.

About Somalia

Official NameFederal Republic of Somalia
Languages SpokenArabic, Somali
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude1049
Currencies UsedSomalia Shilling
DemonymSomali

Countries Bordering Somalia

Djibouti
Ethiopia
Kenya

Somalia Population Density

Somalia Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Mogadishu2,587,183
Hargeysa477,876
Burao288,211
Berbera242,344
Kismayo234,852
Marka230,100
Jamaame185,270
Baidoa129,839
Bosaso74,287
Afgooye65,461
Gaalkacyo61,200
Laascaanood60,100
Garoowe57,300
Beledweyne55,410
Qoryooley51,720
Jawhar47,086
Jilib43,694
Baardheere42,240
Ceerigaabo33,853
Luuq33,820

Somalia Population Clock

The population of Somalia (as of 6/18/2018)?15,167,477
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)15,181,925
Births Per Day1,764
Deaths Per Day451
Net Migrations Per Day -109
Net Change Per Day 1,204
Population Change Since January 1st203,476

Somalia Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 42.923 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 10.98 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -2.663 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 56.94 years
Male Life Expectancy 55.29 years
Female Life Expectancy 58.66 years
Total Fertility Rate 6.123 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 2.457 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 69.342 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 115.065 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.679 years
Rate of Natural Increase 31.943

Somalia Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201815,181,92549.81%50.19%23.81742.98%
201714,742,52349.81%50.19%23.12742.96%
201614,317,99649.81%50.19%22.45742.95%
201513,908,12949.82%50.18%21.81742.90%
201012,053,22349.92%50.08%18.90732.97%
200510,409,92550.06%49.94%16.33772.93%
20009,011,47950.12%49.88%14.13823.18%
19957,704,89450.20%49.80%12.08890.82%
19907,397,34750.30%49.70%11.60851.72%
19856,791,71650.59%49.41%10.65841.32%
19806,359,12650.99%49.01%9.978110.38%
19753,880,32049.43%50.57%6.091032.41%
19703,444,55349.43%50.57%5.401052.34%
19653,068,43749.44%50.56%4.811052.17%
19602,755,94749.48%50.52%4.321072.04%
19552,491,52049.54%50.46%3.911051.93%
19502,264,08249.64%50.36%3.551040.00%

Somalia Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202016,105,17449.82%50.18%25.26740.00%
202518,665,84949.81%50.19%29.27713.00%
203021,535,01949.80%50.20%33.77642.90%
203524,699,61349.80%50.20%38.73632.78%
204028,145,89949.79%50.21%44.14612.65%
204531,869,27549.78%50.22%49.98612.52%
205035,851,79249.77%50.23%56.22582.38%
205540,049,53949.75%50.25%62.81562.24%
206044,409,57249.73%50.27%69.64512.09%
206548,875,77649.69%50.31%76.65471.94%
207053,406,17649.64%50.36%83.75451.79%
207557,953,01949.59%50.41%90.88431.65%
208062,459,83849.52%50.48%97.95401.51%
208566,868,09149.45%50.55%104.87401.37%
209071,126,69249.38%50.62%111.54391.24%
209575,171,00949.31%50.69%117.89351.11%
Data Sources
  1. Directorate of National Statistics
  2. Directorate of National Statistics
  3. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1975 census adjusted for underenumeration, the 2014 Population Estimation Survey of Somalia (PESS), and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration. Estimates from the 2002 Somalia Socio-Economic Survey were also considered, and adjusted upwardly.

  4. GeoNames Gazetteer