Somalia Population 2018

15,316,773

Somalia is located in the Horn of Africa with a 2018 population estimated at 15.18 million, up from the 2013 estimate of 10 million. The country is rapidly expanding with almost 3% annual population growth and a high fertility rate of 6.26 children per woman, which is the 4th highest in the world.

Surface Area and Population Density of Somalia

This country occupies approximately 637,657 square kilometers of area in Africa, on the Eastern coast which borders the Indian Ocean and the Gulf of Aden. In combination with the total population, this gives us an overall population density of nearly 24 people per square kilometer.

Capital and City Centers of Somalia

There are two cities in Somalia with a population over 1 million: the capital, Mogadishu, is the largest with 1.4 million and is closely followed by Hargeisa at 1.2 million.

Demographics of Somalia

Around 85% of its people are ethnic Somalis, who have inhabited the region historically. Ethnic minorities make up the rest of the population and are concentrated primarily in the southern areas of Somalia. Non-Somali ethnic groups include Benadiri, Bravanese, Bantus, Ethiopians, Indians, Persians and Italians. The Bantus are the largest ethnic minority in Somalia and are descended from slaves brought by Arab traders. After the country gained independence, most Europeans left the region.

Most of the people are Muslims, with the majority being Sunni. Its 10.9 million population represents a huge increase from the 3.3 million people in 1975, but civil strife in the 90's increased Somali diaspora and many of the highly educated people left.

The official languages used in Somalia include Somali and Arabic. Italian and English are also used in the region.

Quality of Life in Somalia

As of the 2018 World Happiness Report as presented by Wikipedia shows Somalia ranking in at number 98 on the list of participating countries, with an overall happiness rating of 4.98 out of 10.

Somalia has seen numerous issues in the last few decades, including poor governance, protracted internal conflict, underdevelopment, economic decline, poverty, social and gender inequality and more.

The median age among the population of Somalia is only 18 years of age, with a life expectancy of 52.8 years of age overall. Males are expected to live to approximately 50 years, with females expected to live approximately 54 years. The current fertility rate is holding at more than 5 children per woman, however, a disproportionately high rate of infant mortality exists - coming in with nearly 100 infant deaths per 1,000 live births.

One factor that is likely strongly connected to this particular statistic, is the extremely low physician density in Somalia. According to the World Factbook, there are only .03 physicians per 1,000 individuals in the population. Oddly enough, there are at least 8 hospital beds available per 1,000 residents.

When we turn attention to the drinking water and santiation statistics, things become even more grim. Only 31% of the population has access to clean drinking water and only 23% have access to improved sanitation facilities. This lack of hygienic access leaves the population prone to infections including Hepatitis A, E, and other diseases as well.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 49 seconds
One death every 3 minutes
One net migrant every 13 minutes
Net gain of one person every 1 minutes

Somalia Population in 2018Source: By Axmadyare [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Somalia Population Growth

With rapid growth and one of the world's highest fertility rates, Somalia is expected to reach 13.2 million by 2020.

About Somalia

Official NameFederal Republic of Somalia
Languages SpokenArabic, Somali
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude1049
Currencies UsedSomalia Shilling
DemonymSomali

Countries Bordering Somalia

Djibouti
Ethiopia
Kenya

Somalia Population Density

Somalia Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Mogadishu2,587,183
Hargeysa477,876
Burao288,211
Berbera242,344
Kismayo234,852
Marka230,100
Jamaame185,270
Baidoa129,839
Bosaso74,287
Afgooye65,461
Gaalkacyo61,200
Laascaanood60,100
Garoowe57,300
Beledweyne55,410
Qoryooley51,720
Jawhar47,086
Jilib43,694
Baardheere42,240
Ceerigaabo33,853
Luuq33,820

Somalia Population Clock

The population of Somalia (as of 10/20/2018)?15,316,773
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)15,181,925
Births Per Day1,764
Deaths Per Day451
Net Migrations Per Day -109
Net Change Per Day 1,204
Population Change Since January 1st352,772

Somalia Population Estimator

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Estimate as of October 20th 2018 is: 15,320,066

Somalia Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201815,181,92549.81%50.19%23.81742.98%
201714,742,52349.81%50.19%23.12742.96%
201614,317,99649.81%50.19%22.45742.95%
201513,908,12949.82%50.18%21.81742.90%
201012,053,22349.92%50.08%18.90732.97%
200510,409,92550.06%49.94%16.33772.93%
20009,011,47950.12%49.88%14.13823.18%
19957,704,89450.20%49.80%12.08890.82%
19907,397,34750.30%49.70%11.60851.72%
19856,791,71650.59%49.41%10.65841.32%
19806,359,12650.99%49.01%9.978110.38%
19753,880,32049.43%50.57%6.091032.41%
19703,444,55349.43%50.57%5.401052.34%
19653,068,43749.44%50.56%4.811052.17%
19602,755,94749.48%50.52%4.321072.04%
19552,491,52049.54%50.46%3.911051.93%
19502,264,08249.64%50.36%3.551040.00%

Somalia Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202016,105,17449.82%50.18%25.26740.00%
202518,665,84949.81%50.19%29.27713.00%
203021,535,01949.80%50.20%33.77642.90%
203524,699,61349.80%50.20%38.73632.78%
204028,145,89949.79%50.21%44.14612.65%
204531,869,27549.78%50.22%49.98612.52%
205035,851,79249.77%50.23%56.22582.38%
205540,049,53949.75%50.25%62.81562.24%
206044,409,57249.73%50.27%69.64512.09%
206548,875,77649.69%50.31%76.65471.94%
207053,406,17649.64%50.36%83.75451.79%
207557,953,01949.59%50.41%90.88431.65%
208062,459,83849.52%50.48%97.95401.51%
208566,868,09149.45%50.55%104.87401.37%
209071,126,69249.38%50.62%111.54391.24%
209575,171,00949.31%50.69%117.89351.11%
Data Sources
  1. Directorate of National Statistics
  2. Directorate of National Statistics
  3. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1975 census adjusted for underenumeration, the 2014 Population Estimation Survey of Somalia (PESS), and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration. Estimates from the 2002 Somalia Socio-Economic Survey were also considered, and adjusted upwardly.

  4. GeoNames Gazetteer