Somalia Population 2017

11,398,474

Around 85% of its people are ethnic Somalis, who have inhabited the region historically. Ethnic minorities make up the rest of the population and are concentrated primarily in the southern areas of Somalia. Non-Somali ethnic groups include Benadiri, Bravanese, Bantus, Ethiopians, Indians, Persians and Italians. The Bantus are the largest ethnic minority in Somalia and are descended from slaves brought by Arab traders. After the country gained independence, most Europeans left the region.

Most of the people are Muslims, with the majority being Sunni. Its 10.9 million population represents a huge increase from the 3.3 million people in 1975, but civil strife in the 90's increased Somali diaspora and many of the highly educated people left.

There are two cities in Somalia with a population over 1 million: Mogadishu is the largest with 1.4 million followed by Hargeisa at 1.2 million.

Somalia Population in 2017Source: Abdullmuse

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Somalia Population Growth

With rapid growth and one of the world's highest fertility rates, Somalia is expected to reach 13.2 million by 2020.

About Somalia

Official NameFederal Republic of Somalia
Languages SpokenSomali, Arabic
BordersDJI, ETH, KEN
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude1049
Currencies UsedSOS

Somalia Population Density

Name Population
Bu'aale
Cadale5,385
Oodweyne5,491
Iskushuban5,759
Waajid6,666
Bargaal6,798
Las Khorey6,941
Saacow7,893
Mahaddayweyne8,273
Yeed8,429
Dhuusamarreeb9,000
Ceelbuur9,031
Jalalaqsi9,743
Bereeda11,262
Xuddur12,500
Hobyo12,564
Garbahaarrey12,652
Bandarbeyla13,753
Qandala15,923
Buulobarde16,928
Eyl18,904
Baki20,000
Wanlaweyn22,022
Ceeldheer26,562
Buurhakaba27,792
Luuq33,820
Ceerigaabo33,853
Baardheere42,240
Jilib43,694
Jawhar47,086
Qoryooley51,720
Beledweyne55,410
Garoowe57,300
Laascaanood60,100
Gaalkacyo61,200
Afgooye65,461
Bosaso74,287
Burao99,270
Baidoa129,839
Jamaame185,270
Marka230,100
Kismayo234,852
Berbera242,344
Hargeysa477,876
Mogadishu2,587,183

Somalia Population Clock

What is the population of Somalia (as of September 13, 2017)?11,398,474
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)11391962
Births Per Day269
Deaths Per Day71
Net Migrations Per Day -110
Net Change Per Day 88
Population Change Since January 1st22,440

Somalia Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 42.953 births/thousand4
Crude Death Rate 11.374 deaths/thousand24
Crude Net Migration Rate -3.447 people/thousand173
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 56.373 years191
Male Life Expectancy 54.729 years192
Female Life Expectancy 58.042 years189
Total Fertility Rate 6.169 children/woman2
Net Reproduction Rate 2.446 surviving daughters/woman2
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female160
Infant Mortality Rate 70.824 deaths/1,000 live births8
Under Five Mortality 117.852 deaths/thousand5
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.308 years93
Rate of Natural Increase 31.636 6
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 25.44 %192
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 27.13 %192
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 23.707 %190
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 40.984 %189
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 44.022 %190
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 37.887 %189
Crude Suicide Rate 8 suicides/thousand79
Median Age (Total) 17.9 years202
Median Age (Female) 17.8 years205
Median Age (Male) 18.1 years197

Somalia Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
201711,391,96249.781%50.219%181942.87%81
201510,787,10449.763%50.237%171952.67%83
20109,581,71449.715%50.285%151962.32%87
20058,466,93849.66%50.34%131972.57%90
20007,385,41649.604%50.396%111993%92
19956,346,44049.545%50.455%101982.1%92
19906,321,61549.518%50.482%10195-0.03%91
19856,068,42549.48%50.52%91940.24%91
19806,089,70649.45%50.55%91912.63%84
19753,880,95549.433%50.567%61969.31%103
19703,445,42049.432%50.568%51950.93%105
19653,069,55849.445%50.555%41962.4%105
19602,756,38049.481%50.519%41922.09%107
19552,491,53049.541%50.459%31971.97%105
19502,264,08149.638%50.362%31921.9%104

Somalia Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
202012,422,74149.807%50.193%191932.89%78
202514,343,83049.836%50.164%221932.84%78
203016,493,07649.861%50.139%261922.72%77
203518,843,57849.878%50.122%301852.59%75
204021,387,96149.886%50.114%341842.45%72
204524,118,77649.888%50.112%381812.33%68
205027,030,44749.882%50.118%431772.2%67
205530,100,74949.866%50.134%471742.07%65
206033,285,32249.845%50.155%531661.92%62
206536,541,09349.819%50.181%581601.78%61
207039,835,41649.791%50.209%631601.65%58
207543,139,26449.752%50.248%681561.52%56
208046,412,16849.706%50.294%731541.38%52
208549,602,69349.655%50.345%791471.25%48
209052,669,84449.61%50.39%831391.12%46
209555,582,31849.565%50.435%881341%46
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations