Somalia Population 2017

[[getCurrentPopulation()]]

Somalia is located in the Horn of Africa with a 2014 population estimated at 10.8 million, up from the 2013 estimate of 10 million. The country is rapidly expanding with almost 3% annual population growth and a high fertility rate of 6.26 children per woman, which is the 4th highest in the world.

Around 85% of its people are ethnic Somalis, who have inhabited the region historically. Ethnic minorities make up the rest of the population and are concentrated primarily in the southern areas of Somalia. Non-Somali ethnic groups include Benadiri, Bravanese, Bantus, Ethiopians, Indians, Persians and Italians. The Bantus are the largest ethnic minority in Somalia and are descended from slaves brought by Arab traders. After the country gained independence, most Europeans left the region.

Most of the people are Muslims, with the majority being Sunni. Its 10.9 million population represents a huge increase from the 3.3 million people in 1975, but civil strife in the 90's increased Somali diaspora and many of the highly educated people left.

There are two cities in Somalia with a population over 1 million: Mogadishu is the largest with 1.4 million followed by Hargeisa at 1.2 million.

Somalia Population in 2017 Source: Abdullmuse

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Somalia Population Growth

With rapid growth and one of the world's highest fertility rates, Somalia is expected to reach 13.2 million by 2020.

Somalia Population Density

About Somalia

Official Name Federal Republic of Somalia
Languages Spoken Arabic, Somali
Borders DJI, ETH, KEN
Is Landlocked No
Latitude/Longitude 10,49
Currencies Used SOS

Somalia Population Clock

What is the population of Somalia (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 264
Deaths Per Day 71
Net Migrations Per Day -110
Net Change Per Day 83
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Somalia Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 43.164 births/thousand 4th
Crude Death Rate 11.587 deaths/thousand 22nd
Crude Net Migration Rate -3.447 people/thousand 173rd
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 56.043 years 191st
Life Expectancy (Male) 54.41 years 191st
Life Expectancy (Female) 57.702 years 189th
Total Fertility Rate 6.266 children/woman 2nd
Net Reproduction Rate 2.446 surviving daughters/woman 2nd
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female 160th
Infant Mortality Rate 72.482 deaths/1,000 live births 8th
Under Five Mortality 120.6 deaths/thousand 5th
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.308 years 93rd
Rate of Natural Increase 31.636 6th
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 25.44% 192nd
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 27.13% 192nd
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 23.707% 190th
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 40.984% 192nd
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 44.022% 192nd
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 37.887% 190th
Crude Suicide Rate 8 suicides/thousand 79th
Median Age (Total) 17.9 years 202nd
Median Age (Female) 17.8 years 205th
Median Age (Male) 18.1 years 197th

Somalia Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2017 11,391,962 49.781% 50.219% 18 194 2.87% 81
2015 10,787,104 49.763% 50.237% 17 195 2.67% 83
2010 9,581,714 49.715% 50.285% 15 196 2.32% 87
2005 8,466,938 49.66% 50.34% 13 197 2.57% 90
2000 7,385,416 49.604% 50.396% 11 199 3% 92
1995 6,346,440 49.545% 50.455% 10 198 2.1% 92
1990 6,321,615 49.518% 50.482% 10 195 -0.03% 91
1985 6,068,425 49.48% 50.52% 9 194 0.24% 91
1980 6,089,706 49.45% 50.55% 9 191 2.63% 84
1975 3,880,955 49.433% 50.567% 6 196 9.31% 103
1970 3,445,420 49.432% 50.568% 5 195 0.93% 105
1965 3,069,558 49.445% 50.555% 4 196 2.4% 105
1960 2,756,380 49.481% 50.519% 4 192 2.09% 107
1955 2,491,530 49.541% 50.459% 3 197 1.97% 105
1950 2,264,081 49.638% 50.362% 3 192 1.9% 104

Somalia Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 12,422,741 49.807% 50.193% 19 193 2.89% 78
2025 14,343,830 49.836% 50.164% 22 193 2.84% 78
2030 16,493,076 49.861% 50.139% 26 192 2.72% 77
2035 18,843,578 49.878% 50.122% 30 185 2.59% 75
2040 21,387,961 49.886% 50.114% 34 184 2.45% 72
2045 24,118,776 49.888% 50.112% 38 181 2.33% 68
2050 27,030,447 49.882% 50.118% 43 177 2.2% 67
2055 30,100,749 49.866% 50.134% 47 174 2.07% 65
2060 33,285,322 49.845% 50.155% 53 166 1.92% 62
2065 36,541,093 49.819% 50.181% 58 160 1.78% 61
2070 39,835,416 49.791% 50.209% 63 160 1.65% 58
2075 43,139,264 49.752% 50.248% 68 156 1.52% 56
2080 46,412,168 49.706% 50.294% 73 154 1.38% 52
2085 49,602,693 49.655% 50.345% 79 147 1.25% 48
2090 52,669,844 49.61% 50.39% 83 139 1.12% 46
2095 55,582,318 49.565% 50.435% 88 134 1% 46
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations