South Africa Population 2016

[[getCurrentPopulation()]]

The last national census of the South African population was carried out in 2011.

The findings in 2011 suggest that there had been a significant rise in numbers over the course of the previous ten years and that the South African population had finally hit the 50 million mark, making it the 24th largest country in the world as far as pure numbers are concerned. The estimate is 53.1 million, but because of other nations outpacing South Africa’s growth rate, this would drop the nation to 25th place for being the most populous.

South Africa Population History

At the 2001 Census, the final declared total for resident citizens in South Africa was 44,819,778. In terms of population density, that equated to 41.4 people living in every square kilometre of land (107.2 per square mile) and the country’s sparseness was highlighted by the fact that it was only the 169th biggest in the world for density alone.

Turning to demographics, the bureau in charge of providing statistics provided an estimate in 2010, which included five racial groups. Of the total South African population at the time, 79.4 percent declared themselves to be Black African while 9.2 percent were shown as White, 8.8 percent coloured and 2.6 percent Indian or Asian. There was a final category shown as unspecified / other but the results were negligible and as such were ultimately omitted.

The 2011 Census was carried out in October of 2011 and showed that the population had climbed to over 50.5 million people. That represents a rise of nearly six million people over the course of the previous ten years.

So what are the reasons for this increase? The question of immigration raises a contrasting set of views. The South African Migration Project has claimed that the country is more opposed to immigrants than anywhere else in the world. However, in 2008 it was revealed that over 200,000 refugees applied for asylum in South Africa, more than four times the number declared the year before.

Elsewhere, South Africa is also concerned about a skills drain which has seen many professionals, particularly those in the medical sphere, leave the country and seek a career elsewhere.

South Africa  Population in 2016 Source: Michael Denne from Hobart, Australia

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

South Africa Population Growth

There are no clear indicators to suggest that the population of South Africa won’t continue its growth and by the time the next Census is carried out in 2021, numbers could have reached sixty million.

South Africa Population Density

About South Africa

Official Name Republic of South Africa
Languages Spoken Tsonga, Northern Sotho, Afrikaans, English, Southern Sotho, Tswana, Zulu, Southern Ndebele, Swazi, Venda, Xhosa
Borders BWA, LSO, MOZ, NAM, SWZ, ZWE
Is Landlocked No
Latitude/Longitude -29,24
Currencies Used ZAR

South Africa Population Clock

What is the population of South Africa (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2016) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 606
Deaths Per Day 374
Net Migrations Per Day 110
Net Change Per Day 342
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

South Africa Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 20.154 births/thousand 85th
Crude Death Rate 12.438 deaths/thousand 19th
Crude Net Migration Rate 0.72 people/thousand 54th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 57.782 years 187th
Life Expectancy (Male) 55.645 years 187th
Life Expectancy (Female) 59.568 years 187th
Total Fertility Rate 2.315 children/woman 93rd
Net Reproduction Rate 0.997 surviving daughters/woman 105th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female 160th
Infant Mortality Rate 34.265 deaths/1,000 live births 58th
Under Five Mortality 44.109 deaths/thousand 57th
Mean Age at Childbearing 27.834 years 154th
Rate of Natural Increase 7.118 134th
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 22.843% 186th
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 22.339% 184th
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 23.315% 189th
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 48.326% 186th
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 50.48% 184th
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 46.332% 189th
Crude Suicide Rate 2.7 suicides/thousand 142nd
Median Age (Total) 26.8 years 137th
Median Age (Female) 27 years 136th
Median Age (Male) 26.5 years 136th

South Africa Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2016 54,978,907 49.21% 50.79% 45 163 0.83% 25
2015 54,490,405 49.178% 50.822% 44 164 0.89% 24
2010 51,621,594 49.053% 50.947% 42 162 1.19% 25
2005 48,352,950 49.106% 50.894% 39 159 1.39% 25
2000 44,896,856 49.231% 50.769% 37 158 1.51% 27
1995 41,426,810 49.265% 50.735% 34 157 1.87% 27
1990 36,793,490 49.477% 50.523% 30 160 2.41% 28
1985 32,983,013 49.707% 50.293% 27 159 2.25% 28
1980 29,077,142 49.739% 50.261% 23 160 2.55% 28
1975 25,698,856 49.825% 50.175% 21 159 2.52% 29
1970 22,502,502 49.775% 50.225% 18 160 2.65% 29
1965 19,813,947 49.702% 50.298% 16 159 2.55% 29
1960 17,396,367 49.994% 50.006% 14 155 2.57% 31
1955 15,384,556 49.934% 50.066% 12 157 2.41% 31
1950 13,683,162 49.81% 50.19% 11 156 2.25% 31

South Africa Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 56,668,602 49.343% 50.657% 46 162 0.66% 25
2025 58,436,197 49.521% 50.479% 48 163 0.56% 26
2030 60,034,390 49.671% 50.329% 49 165 0.51% 27
2035 61,551,455 49.78% 50.22% 50 165 0.48% 28
2040 63,000,652 49.852% 50.148% 51 165 0.44% 28
2045 64,347,865 49.887% 50.113% 53 163 0.39% 28
2050 65,539,534 49.875% 50.125% 54 164 0.32% 29
2055 66,492,945 49.82% 50.18% 54 165 0.24% 30
2060 67,183,110 49.728% 50.272% 55 163 0.16% 30
2065 67,636,314 49.607% 50.393% 55 163 0.09% 31
2070 67,864,584 49.473% 50.527% 55 162 0.03% 32
2075 67,878,330 49.343% 50.657% 55 164 -0.03% 33
2080 67,703,172 49.23% 50.77% 55 164 -0.08% 35
2085 67,374,091 49.133% 50.867% 55 164 -0.12% 37
2090 66,920,249 49.055% 50.945% 55 165 -0.16% 38
2095 66,355,288 48.996% 51.004% 54 165 -0.19% 38
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations