South Africa Population 2018

57,094,185

The last national census of the South African population was carried out in 2011.

The findings in 2011 suggest that there had been a significant rise in numbers over the course of the previous ten years and that the South African population had finally hit the 50 million mark, making it the 24th largest country in the world as far as pure numbers are concerned. The estimate is 53.1 million, but because of other nations outpacing South Africa’s growth rate, this would drop the nation to 25th place for being the most populous.

South Africa Population History

At the 2001 Census, the final declared total for resident citizens in South Africa was 44,819,778. In terms of population density, that equated to 41.4 people living in every square kilometre of land (107.2 per square mile) and the country’s sparseness was highlighted by the fact that it was only the 169th biggest in the world for density alone.

Turning to demographics, the bureau in charge of providing statistics provided an estimate in 2010, which included five racial groups. Of the total South African population at the time, 79.4 percent declared themselves to be Black African while 9.2 percent were shown as White, 8.8 percent coloured and 2.6 percent Indian or Asian. There was a final category shown as unspecified / other but the results were negligible and as such were ultimately omitted.

The 2011 Census was carried out in October of 2011 and showed that the population had climbed to over 50.5 million people. That represents a rise of nearly six million people over the course of the previous ten years.

So what are the reasons for this increase? The question of immigration raises a contrasting set of views. The South African Migration Project has claimed that the country is more opposed to immigrants than anywhere else in the world. However, in 2008 it was revealed that over 200,000 refugees applied for asylum in South Africa, more than four times the number declared the year before.

Elsewhere, South Africa is also concerned about a skills drain which has seen many professionals, particularly those in the medical sphere, leave the country and seek a career elsewhere.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 27 seconds
One death every 58 seconds
One net migrant every 9 minutes
Net gain of one person every 46 seconds

South Africa Population in 2018Source: Michael Denne from Hobart, Australia

South Africa Population Pyramid 2018

0k100k200k300k400k500k600kSouth Africa Male Population0k100k200k300k400k500k600kSouth Africa Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

South Africa Median Age

26.8


Total

26.5


Male

27


Female

South Africa Population by Age

There are 37,190,097 adults in South Africa.

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

South Africa Population Growth

There are no clear indicators to suggest that the population of South Africa won’t continue its growth and by the time the next Census is carried out in 2021, numbers could have reached sixty million.

About South Africa

Official NameRepublic of South Africa
Languages SpokenAfrikaans, English, Southern Ndebele, Northern Sotho, Southern Sotho, Swazi, Tswana, Tsonga, Venda, Xhosa, Zulu
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude-2924
Currencies UsedSouth Africa Rand
DemonymSouth African

South Africa Population Density

South Africa Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Cape Town3,433,441
Durban3,120,282
Johannesburg2,026,469
Soweto1,695,047
Pretoria1,619,438
Port Elizabeth967,677
Pietermaritzburg750,845
Benoni605,344
Tembisa511,655
East London478,676
Vereeniging474,681
Bloemfontein463,064
Boksburg445,168
Welkom431,944
Newcastle404,838
Krugersdorp378,821
Diepsloot350,000
Randburg337,053
Botshabelo309,714
Brakpan305,692

South Africa Population Clock

The population of South Africa (as of 1/20/2018)?57,094,185
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)57,398,421
Births Per Day3,195
Deaths Per Day1,481
Net Migrations Per Day 164
Net Change Per Day 1,878
Population Change Since January 1st35,682

South Africa Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 20.467 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 9.485 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 1.053 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 63.73 years
Male Life Expectancy 60.22 years
Female Life Expectancy 67.25 years
Total Fertility Rate 2.414 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.1 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 30.369 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 37.692 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.337 years
Rate of Natural Increase 10.982

South Africa Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201857,398,42149.06%50.94%47.01251.25%
201555,291,22549.10%50.90%45.28241.40%
201051,584,66349.10%50.90%42.25241.11%
200548,820,58649.08%50.92%39.98241.32%
200045,728,31549.07%50.93%37.45271.67%
199542,088,16549.12%50.88%34.47262.30%
199037,560,52549.38%50.62%30.76282.17%
198533,730,14849.64%50.36%27.62282.54%
198029,760,47149.73%50.27%24.37282.57%
197526,212,40549.92%50.08%21.47282.79%
197022,839,45149.99%50.01%18.70292.75%
196519,942,30349.93%50.07%16.33292.70%
196017,456,85550.00%50.00%14.30312.57%
195515,376,82950.15%49.85%12.59312.44%
195013,628,42850.39%49.61%11.16310.00%

South Africa Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202058,721,22949.03%50.97%48.09250.00%
202561,790,03648.97%51.03%50.60241.02%
203064,465,55348.93%51.07%52.80250.85%
203566,880,28448.92%51.08%54.77260.74%
204069,076,39048.92%51.08%56.57250.65%
204571,045,89048.94%51.06%58.18260.56%
205072,754,58348.94%51.06%59.58270.48%
205574,195,13448.94%51.06%60.76290.39%
206075,366,85748.91%51.09%61.72290.31%
206576,287,42148.87%51.13%62.48280.24%
207076,962,55248.83%51.17%63.03280.18%
207577,391,68448.81%51.19%63.38300.11%
208077,593,42248.79%51.21%63.55300.05%
208577,582,11048.79%51.21%63.5432-0.00%
209077,379,50048.78%51.22%63.3732-0.05%
209577,008,16148.77%51.23%63.0733-0.10%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer