Southern European Countries 2019

Believe it or not, Southern Europe is a region of the continent of Europe. Crazy, right? In all seriousness, there are nineteen countries in Southern Europe. In alphabetical order, these countries are...

Southern Europe is, as you most likely guessed, the most southern region of Europe. As the seventh largest continent in the world, Europe is broken down into a total of four regions. They are incredibly self-explanatory and obvious, but for total clarification, these regions include Northern Europe, Eastern Europe, Southern Europe, and Western Europe.

The continent is too small to really classify any countries as being parts of a centralized region, hence the fact that Europe only has four regions. After all, Europe is the smallest continent out of all seven on Earth, so it makes sense.

In total, the southernmost region of Europe is home to over one hundred fifty-one people. With a population size of about 151,747,580 people, all of whom reside in a total of fourteen different countries, Southern Europe encompasses roughly two percent of the entire global population. This is actually a pretty impressive ranking given the fact that most regions, countries, and territories around the world make up one percent or less of the world's population. In terms of population sizes alone, Southern Europe is the third largest region on Earth, trailing right behind Eastern Europe in first place and Western Europe in second.

Just to put Southern Europe into perspective, in relation to the other three regions of Europe, here are the four European subregions, accompanied by their most recent population estimations…

  • Eastern Europe, 291,391,709 people
  • Western Europe, 194,663,999 people
  • Southern Europe, 151,728,253 people
  • Northern Europe, 105,318,639 people

The individual populations of each of the nineteen Southern European countries are…

  • Albania, 2,938,428 people
  • Andorra, 77,072 people
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina, 3,501,774 people
  • Croatia, 4,140,148 people
  • Cyprus, 854,802 people
  • Gibraltar, 34,879 people
  • Greece, 11,124,603 people
  • Italy, 59,216,525 people
  • Kosovo, 1,739,825 people
  • Malta, 433,245 people
  • Montenegro, 629,355 people
  • North Macedonia, 2,086,720 people
  • Portugal, 10,254,666 people
  • San Marino, 33,683 people
  • Serbia, 8,733,407 people
  • Slovenia, 2,081,900 people
  • Spain, 46,441,049 people
  • Turkey, 82,793,062 people
  • Vatican City, 799 people

Southern Europe is home to some impressively populated and dense cities. The top ten largest urban areas in Southern Europe, in order of population size, include...

Here are the number of people who live in each of these highly populated cities…

  • 8,963,431 people in Istanbul, Turkey
  • 6,171,000 people in Madrid, Spain
  • 5,257,000 people in Milan, Italy
  • 4,693,000 people in Barcelona, Spain
  • 3,906,000 people in Rome, Italy
  • 3,706,000 people in Naples, Italy
  • 3,484,000 people in Athens, Greece
  • 3,075,000 people in Lisbon, Portugal
  • 1,900,524 people in Porto, Portugal
  • 1,570,000 people in Valencia, Spain

The most common languages in Southern Europe include Italian, Spanish, Serbian, Croatian, Greek, Turkish, Portuguese, and Catalan. Many of the languages in this region of Europe are Romance languages, meaning they either descended from Latin roots or they were spoken at the time Latin was still prevalent, since the Latin language is now considered a dead language. Lesser common languages in Southern Europe include Galician, Occitan, Hellenic, Albanian, Slovenian, Macedonian, Maltese, and Basque.

Now, let’s go more in-depth on three of the nineteen Southern European countries, talking about traits like population, total area, borders, and the likes.

Bosnia and Herzegovina

The Southern European country of Bosnia and Herzegovina has over three million people living within its borders. The estimated population of Bosnia and Herzegovina is about 3,502,035 people, and there are roughly 19,691 square miles of land shared between everyone who lives in this Southern European nation.

Despite having a relatively large population, Bosnia and Herzegovina is currently experiencing a slow-moving decline in overall population. The country's population density is about one hundred seventy-eight people per square mile, which is a value that should continue to lower as more and more people leave Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Greece

As a Southern European country, Greece is noted as having a population of 11,127,189 people as of 2019. The total population of Greece is roughly 0.14% of the world's population, and as a result, Greece ranks as the eighty-fifth most populous nation on Earth. With a total area of about 49,769 square miles, Greece has a population density of two hundred twenty-four people for every square mile within the country's borders.

North Macedonia

The Republic of North Macedonia is located on the Balkan Peninsula, and it was not always a country, believe it or not. In 1991, the country of Yugoslavia was divided into different countries, including Croatia and North Macedonia. The country is sometimes still regarded as being called the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, which was a sort of unwanted title that the government officials were semi-forced into agreeing upon, but eventually, North Macedonia was able to shake the "Former Yugoslav" aspect of the name. Now, the country is either called North Macedonia for short, or the Republic of North Macedonia in official settings.

The country of North Macedonia has a population of about 2,086,561 people. Compared to the rest of the world, New Macedonia is the one hundred forty-eighth largest country on Earth. It comprises about 0.03% of everyone in the world, and the country's population rises by about 0.08% every year.

Rank Flag Name Population 2019 Area Area (mi²) % of Earth's Area Growth Rate Region Subregion
1Turkey83,429,615783,562 km²302,455 mi²0.53%1.32%AsiaWestern Asia
2Italy60,550,075301,336 km²116,316 mi²0.20%-0.13%EuropeSouthern Europe
3Spain46,736,776505,992 km²195,313 mi²0.34%0.09%EuropeSouthern Europe
4Greece10,473,455131,990 km²50,948 mi²< 0.1%-0.46%EuropeSouthern Europe
5Portugal10,226,18792,090 km²35,547 mi²< 0.1%-0.29%EuropeSouthern Europe
6Serbia8,772,23588,361 km²34,107 mi²< 0.1%-0.35%EuropeSouthern Europe
7Croatia4,130,30456,594 km²21,845 mi²< 0.1%-0.63%EuropeSouthern Europe
8Bosnia And Herzegovina3,301,00051,209 km²19,767 mi²< 0.1%-0.69%EuropeSouthern Europe
9Albania2,880,91728,748 km²11,097 mi²< 0.1%-0.06%EuropeSouthern Europe
10Slovenia2,078,65420,273 km²7,825 mi²< 0.1%0.04%EuropeSouthern Europe
11Cyprus1,198,5759,251 km²3,571 mi²< 0.1%0.78%EuropeEastern Europe
12Montenegro627,98713,812 km²5,331 mi²< 0.1%0.03%EuropeSouthern Europe
13Malta440,372316 km²122 mi²< 0.1%0.26%EuropeSouthern Europe
14Andorra77,142468 km²181 mi²< 0.1%0.18%EuropeSouthern Europe
15San Marino33,86061 km²24 mi²< 0.1%0.22%EuropeSouthern Europe
16Gibraltar33,7016 km²2 mi²< 0.1%-0.05%EuropeSouthern Europe
17Vatican City7990.44 km² mi²< 0.1%-0.25%EuropeSouthern Europe