What is a sovereign nation? A sovereign nation is a nation that has one centralized government that has the power to govern a specific geographic area. Under the definition set by international law, a sovereign nation has a defined territory with just one government. These nations have a permanent population and can enter into relations with other sovereign countries.
The United Nations has a list of all of the world’s sovereign states. There are 206 total states, broken down into 193 member states, two observer states, and 11 classified as “other” states.