Sovereign Nation

A sovereign nation is defined as a nation that has one centralized government that has the power to govern a specific geographic area. Under the definition set by international law, a sovereign nation has a defined territory with just one government. These nations have a permanent population and can enter into relations with other sovereign countries.

The United Nations has a list of all of the world’s sovereign states. There are 206 total states, broken down into 193 member states, two observer states, and 11 classified as “other” states.

Of these states, 191 states have sovereignty that is undisputed. There are 15 states with disputed sovereignty.

All sovereign nations, in alphabetical order, include:

Of these states, there are 15 with disputed sovereignty. Breaking these states down show that:

  • The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea is claimed by South Korea.
  • The Republic of Korea is claimed by North Korea.
  • Abkhazia is claimed by Georgia.
  • Artsakh is claimed by Azerbaijan.
  • Kosovo is claimed by Serbia.
  • Northern Cyprus is claimed by the Republic of Cyprus.
  • Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic is claimed by Morocco.
  • Somaliland is claimed by Somalia.
  • South Ossetia is claimed by Georgia.
  • Taiwan is claimed by the People’s Republic of China.
  • Transnistria is claimed by Moldova.
  • Cyprus is not recognized by Turkey.
  • Israel is partially unrecognized.
  • China is partially unrecognized and is claimed by the Republic of China.
  • Palestine is partially recognized and is disputed by Israel.
Flag Name Area Population 2018 Growth Rate
China9,706,961 km²1,415,045,9280.39%
India3,287,590 km²1,354,051,8541.11%
United States9,372,610 km²326,766,7480.71%
Indonesia1,904,569 km²266,794,9801.06%
Brazil8,515,767 km²210,867,9540.75%
Pakistan881,912 km²200,813,8181.93%
Nigeria923,768 km²195,875,2372.61%
Bangladesh147,570 km²166,368,1491.03%
Russia17,098,242 km²143,964,709-0.02%
Mexico1,964,375 km²130,759,0741.24%
Japan377,930 km²127,185,332-0.23%
Ethiopia1,104,300 km²107,534,8822.46%
Philippines342,353 km²106,512,0741.52%
Egypt1,002,450 km²99,375,7411.87%
Vietnam331,212 km²96,491,1460.99%
Germany357,114 km²82,293,4570.22%
Iran1,648,195 km²82,011,7351.05%
Turkey783,562 km²81,916,8711.45%
Thailand513,120 km²69,183,1730.21%
United Kingdom242,900 km²66,573,5040.59%
France551,695 km²65,233,2710.39%
Italy301,336 km²59,290,969-0.12%
Tanzania945,087 km²59,091,3923.11%
South Africa1,221,037 km²57,398,4211.20%
Myanmar676,578 km²53,855,7350.91%
South Korea100,210 km²51,164,4350.36%
Kenya580,367 km²50,950,8792.52%
Colombia1,141,748 km²49,464,6830.81%
Spain505,992 km²46,397,4520.09%
Argentina2,780,400 km²44,688,8640.94%
Uganda241,550 km²44,270,5633.28%
Ukraine603,500 km²44,009,214-0.48%
Algeria2,381,741 km²42,008,0541.67%
Sudan1,886,068 km²41,511,5262.41%
Iraq438,317 km²39,339,7532.78%
Poland312,679 km²38,104,832-0.17%
Canada9,984,670 km²36,953,7650.90%
Morocco446,550 km²36,191,8051.27%
Saudi Arabia2,149,690 km²33,554,3431.87%
Peru1,285,216 km²32,551,8151.20%
Venezuela916,445 km²32,381,2211.26%
Uzbekistan447,400 km²32,364,9961.42%
Malaysia330,803 km²32,042,4581.32%
Mozambique801,590 km²30,528,6732.90%
Nepal147,181 km²29,624,0351.09%
Ghana238,533 km²29,463,6432.18%
Yemen527,968 km²28,915,2842.35%
Madagascar587,041 km²26,262,8102.71%
North Korea120,538 km²25,610,6720.47%
Ivory Coast322,463 km²24,905,8432.52%
Australia7,692,024 km²24,772,2471.32%
Cameroon475,442 km²24,678,2342.60%
Taiwan36,193 km²23,694,0890.29%
Niger1,267,000 km²22,311,3753.88%
Sri Lanka65,610 km²20,950,0410.35%
Burkina Faso272,967 km²19,751,6512.91%
Romania238,391 km²19,580,634-0.50%
Malawi118,484 km²19,164,7282.91%
Mali1,240,192 km²19,107,7063.05%
Kazakhstan2,724,900 km²18,403,8601.10%
Syria185,180 km²18,284,4070.08%
Chile756,102 km²18,197,2090.79%
Zambia752,612 km²17,609,1783.01%
Guatemala108,889 km²17,245,3461.96%
Netherlands41,850 km²17,084,4590.28%
Zimbabwe390,757 km²16,913,2612.32%
Ecuador276,841 km²16,863,4251.44%
Senegal196,722 km²16,294,2702.80%
Cambodia181,035 km²16,245,7291.50%
Chad1,284,000 km²15,353,1843.04%
Somalia637,657 km²15,181,9252.98%
Guinea245,857 km²13,052,6082.64%
South Sudan619,745 km²12,919,0532.73%
Rwanda26,338 km²12,501,1562.40%
Tunisia163,610 km²11,659,1741.10%
Belgium30,528 km²11,498,5190.61%
Cuba109,884 km²11,489,0820.04%
Benin112,622 km²11,485,6742.77%
Burundi27,834 km²11,216,4503.24%
Bolivia1,098,581 km²11,215,6741.48%
Greece131,990 km²11,142,161-0.16%
Haiti27,750 km²11,112,9451.20%
Dominican Republic48,671 km²10,882,9961.08%
Czech Republic78,865 km²10,625,2500.07%
Portugal92,090 km²10,291,196-0.37%
Sweden450,295 km²9,982,7090.73%
Azerbaijan86,600 km²9,923,9140.98%
Jordan89,342 km²9,903,8022.08%
Hungary93,028 km²9,688,847-0.34%
United Arab Emirates83,600 km²9,541,6151.50%
Belarus207,600 km²9,452,113-0.17%
Honduras112,492 km²9,417,1671.64%
Tajikistan143,100 km²9,107,2112.08%
Serbia88,361 km²8,762,027-0.32%
Austria83,871 km²8,751,8200.19%
Switzerland41,284 km²8,544,0340.80%
Israel20,770 km²8,452,8411.58%
Papua New Guinea462,840 km²8,418,3462.03%
Togo56,785 km²7,990,9262.48%
Sierra Leone71,740 km²7,719,7292.15%
Laos236,800 km²6,961,2101.50%
Paraguay406,752 km²6,896,9081.26%
Libya1,759,540 km²6,470,9561.51%
El Salvador21,041 km²6,411,5580.53%
Nicaragua130,373 km²6,284,7571.08%
Kyrgyzstan199,951 km²6,132,9321.45%
Lebanon10,452 km²6,093,5090.18%
Turkmenistan488,100 km²5,851,4661.62%
Singapore710 km²5,791,9011.45%
Denmark43,094 km²5,754,3560.36%
Finland338,424 km²5,542,5170.35%
Slovakia49,037 km²5,449,8160.04%
Republic Of The Congo342,000 km²5,399,8952.64%
Norway323,802 km²5,353,3630.90%
Eritrea117,600 km²5,187,9482.35%
Palestine6,220 km²5,052,7762.68%
Costa Rica51,100 km²4,953,1990.97%
Liberia111,369 km²4,853,5162.57%
Oman309,500 km²4,829,9464.18%
Ireland70,273 km²4,803,7480.88%
New Zealand270,467 km²4,749,5980.93%
Central African Republic622,984 km²4,737,4231.68%
Mauritania1,030,700 km²4,540,0682.71%
Kuwait17,818 km²4,197,1281.46%
Croatia56,594 km²4,164,783-0.59%
Panama75,417 km²4,162,6181.56%
Moldova33,846 km²4,041,065-0.25%
Georgia69,700 km²3,907,131-0.13%
Bosnia And Herzegovina51,209 km²3,503,554-0.10%
Uruguay181,034 km²3,469,5510.37%
Mongolia1,564,110 km²3,121,7721.50%
Albania28,748 km²2,934,3630.14%
Armenia29,743 km²2,934,1520.13%
Jamaica10,991 km²2,898,6770.29%
Lithuania65,300 km²2,876,475-0.48%
Qatar11,586 km²2,694,8492.11%
Namibia825,615 km²2,587,8012.13%
Botswana582,000 km²2,333,2011.81%
Lesotho30,355 km²2,263,0101.33%
Gambia10,689 km²2,163,7653.01%
Macedonia25,713 km²2,085,0510.09%
Slovenia20,273 km²2,081,2600.06%
Gabon267,668 km²2,067,5612.09%
Latvia64,559 km²1,929,938-1.01%
Guinea Bissau36,125 km²1,907,2682.47%
Bahrain765 km²1,566,9934.99%
Swaziland17,364 km²1,391,3851.76%
Trinidad And Tobago5,130 km²1,372,5980.25%
Equatorial Guinea28,051 km²1,313,8943.64%
Estonia45,227 km²1,306,788-0.22%
Mauritius2,040 km²1,268,3150.25%
Cyprus9,251 km²1,189,0850.81%
Djibouti23,200 km²971,4081.51%
Fiji18,272 km²912,2410.74%
Comoros1,862 km²832,3472.26%
Bhutan38,394 km²817,0541.17%
Guyana214,969 km²782,2250.56%
Montenegro13,812 km²629,2190.04%
Solomon Islands28,896 km²623,2811.95%
Luxembourg2,586 km²590,3211.18%
Suriname163,820 km²568,3010.87%
Cape Verde4,033 km²553,3351.27%
Maldives300 km²444,2591.82%
Brunei5,765 km²434,0761.25%
Malta316 km²432,0890.29%
Bahamas13,943 km²399,2850.99%
Belize22,966 km²382,4442.07%
Iceland103,000 km²337,7800.82%
Barbados430 km²286,3880.23%
Vanuatu12,189 km²282,1172.13%
Sao Tome And Principe964 km²208,8182.20%
Samoa2,842 km²197,6950.64%
Saint Lucia616 km²179,6670.46%
Kiribati811 km²118,4141.73%
Saint Vincent And The Grenadines389 km²110,2000.28%
Tonga747 km²109,0080.91%
Grenada344 km²108,3390.48%
Micronesia702 km²106,2270.65%
Antigua And Barbuda442 km²103,0501.02%
Seychelles452 km²95,2350.53%
Andorra468 km²76,953-0.02%
Dominica751 km²74,3080.52%
Saint Kitts And Nevis261 km²55,8500.91%
Marshall Islands181 km²53,1670.08%
Monaco2.02 km²38,8970.52%
Liechtenstein160 km²38,1550.61%
San Marino61 km²33,5570.47%
Palau459 km²21,9641.08%
Cook Islands236 km²17,4110.18%
Nauru21 km²11,312-0.41%
Tuvalu26 km²11,2870.85%
Niue260 km²1,6240.37%
Vatican City0.44 km²8011.14%