Spain Population 2017

46,351,681

Spain, officially known as the Kingdom of Spain, is a sovereign state and a member state of the European Union, situated on the Iberian Peninsula in Southwest Europe. To the south, it’s bordered by the Mediterranean Sea apart from a small boundary with Gibraltar; to the north and northeast it is bordered by France, Andorra and the Bay of Biscay; while to the west and northwest it borders the Atlantic Ocean and Portugal. The 754 miles (1,214 km) of border with Portugal is the longest uninterrupted border within the European Union. The country is a democracy under a constitutional monarchy and is organized in a parliamentary style of government. It’s a developed country and is the 14th largest economy in the world by nominal GDP. The Kingdom of Spain has very high standards as well as the 10th highest quality of life index rating in the world as of 2005 statistics. As of 2017, the country has an estimated population of 46.35 million.

The population of Spain was last recorded in 2012 as 46.6 million people. This is a significant figure since the total population back in 1960 was 30.5 million as reported by Eurostat - a 52% increase over the last half-century. The 2016 estimate is 48,146,134 , its all-time high compared to a record low of 30.46 million in December 1960. The figure now represents 0.67% of the world’s population, which means that one in every 151 people is a resident of Spain.

Spain Population History

The population of Spain has been on the rise, especially after the adoption of the 3-month amnesty program by the government that allowed immigrants to be awarded legal status as residents of Spain. When the population struck the 40 million mark, the population density stood at about 79 persons per square kilometer.

The population growth rate experienced a drastic rise at the start of the 20th century due to a boom in the industrial sectors of Spain, and even more so in the 1960s and 1970s. However, this was compounded by uneven distribution in the population over time. Urban areas witnessed massive growth, with the Spanish villages experiencing huge drops. In the 1980s, when the economy faced a lot of stalemate, population growth was also directly affected. The state of the economy also forced some of the Spanish citizens to migrate to other European countries, negatively impacting population growth.

The growth rate was, however, restored in the 1990s. The citizenry of the Kingdom of Spain is a mixture of natives as well as various foreign immigrants. Spain’s population has increased significantly as a result of migration from Latin America, East Europe, North Africa and sub-Saharan Africa. People are migrating to Spain in large numbers, mainly to spend their retirement days along the coastline but also due to the many opportunities for businesses to thrive.

As of 2009, the number of residents was at 46,661,950 and the population density stood at 90 people per square kilometer (or 231 per square mile). Despite the fact that the population has been on a steady increase, large sections of people are concentrated in the major cities of Spain such as Madrid and Barcelona. The rural areas of the country, despite the steady growth, have experienced declining population.

Spain Life Expectancy

Spain’s life expectancy is the highest in Europe, surpassing even the likes of Australia, US, Canada and Norway. Life expectancy is 79.6 for males and 85.6 for females, which averages to a total life expectancy of 82.6. This places the Kingdom of Spain at rank 5 in World Life Expectancy, according to a WHO report published in 2013..

The life expectancy at birth gives the number of years an infant would live if the prevailing mortality conditions at the time of birth were to stay the same all throughout his or her lifetime. Spain has the 3rd lowest level of lives lost in the world. Some attribute this to the Mediterranean diet, while others say it’s because the country is performing well against causes of death such as various types of cancer.

Demographics

According to the census in 2008, Spain had about 46,157,822 inhabitants. This translated to a population density of about 91.4 people per square kilometer, or 229 per square mile. The population density is lower than that of most other Western European Countries. With the exception of Madrid, the capital of Spain, the populous regions in the Kingdom of Spain are along the coastline of the country.

During the 20th century, the population of Spain doubled, although the trend was uneven due to large-scale internal migration from rural areas to urban areas with core industries in the economy. The same internal migration practice was witnessed in other Western European countries as the preference for urban cities with industries of importance to the economy grew. At least 11 of the 50 provinces in the country experienced negative population growth during this century.

A sharp drop in the birth rates was witnessed during the last quarter of the 20th century. Spain’s fertility rate of 1.49 is subsequently lower than the EU average, but there has been a rise in the rate ever since the late 1990s. The birth rate rose from 9.10 births per 1000 people to 10.9 over a period of ten years from 1996 to 2006. The birth rate in 2016 is estimated to be 9.6.

The Kingdom of Spain currently has no official religion. This is despite the fact that over 90% of the population prefer to identify themselves as Catholic. The constitution of 1978 removed Roman Catholicism as the official state religion. While large portions of the population are believed to be Catholic, 63% confirmed that they never attend any religious services in the country.

Spain Population in 2018Source: "S de Santi"

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Spain Population Growth

Eurostar has projected that by the year 2060, the total population of Spain will stand at 49.2 million. Since reports of real-time population analysis indicate there are currently about 47 million residents, the population is bound to grow, albeit slowly, over the next few decades.

According to a 2012 estimate, the population growth rate is 0.654%, pointing to the fact that Spain is set to experience slow but steady population growth over the years.

About Spain

Official NameKingdom of Spain
Languages SpokenOccitan, Spanish, Galician, Basque, Catalan
BordersAND, FRA, GIB, PRT, MAR
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude40-4
Currencies UsedEUR

Spain Population Density

Name Population
Madrid3,255,944
Barcelona1,621,537
Valencia814,208
Sevilla703,206
Zaragoza674,317
Malaga568,305
Murcia436,870
Palma401,270
Las Palmas de Gran Canaria381,847
Bilbao354,860
Alicante334,757
Cordoba328,428
Valladolid317,864
Vigo297,332
Gijon277,554
Eixample262,485
L'Hospitalet de Llobregat257,038
Latina256,644
Carabanchel253,678
A Coruna246,056
Puente de Vallecas244,151
Gasteiz / Vitoria235,661
Granada234,325
Elche230,112
Ciudad Lineal228,171
Oviedo224,005
Santa Cruz de Tenerife222,417
Sant Marti221,029
Fuencarral-El Pardo220,085
Badalona219,547
Cartagena211,996
Terrassa210,941
Jerez de la Frontera207,532
Sabadell206,493
Mostoles206,478
Alcala de Henares204,574
Pamplona198,491
Fuenlabrada197,836
Almeria188,810
Leganes186,066
San Sebastian185,357
Santander182,700
Castello de la Plana180,005
Burgos178,966
Sants-Montjuic177,636
Horta-Guinardo169,920
Albacete169,716
Alcorcon167,967
Getafe167,164
Nou Barris164,981
Hortaleza161,661
San Blas157,367
Salamanca155,619
Tetuan de las Victorias155,000
Logrono152,107
La Laguna150,661
City Center149,718
Huelva148,806
Arganzuela148,797
Badajoz148,334
Salamanca147,707
Chamberi145,934
Sant Andreu de Palomar142,598
Usera141,189
Tarragona140,323
Chamartin140,000
Sarria-Sant Gervasi140,000
Lleida135,919
Marbella134,623
Leon134,305
Villaverde126,802
Cadiz126,766
Retiro126,058
Dos Hermanas122,943
Mataro121,722
Gracia120,087
Santa Coloma de Gramenet119,717
Torrejon de Ardoz118,162
Jaen116,557
Moncloa-Aravaca116,531
Algeciras116,209
Parla115,611
Ciutat Vella111,290
Delicias110,520
Ourense107,742
Alcobendas107,514
Reus107,118
Moratalaz104,923
Torrevieja101,792
Telde100,015
Barakaldo98,460
Lugo96,678
San Fernando96,366
Girona96,188
Santiago de Compostela95,092
Caceres93,131
Lorca91,906
Coslada90,280
Talavera de la Reina88,856
El Puerto de Santa Maria87,696
Cornella de Llobregat86,519
Las Rozas de Madrid86,340
Orihuela86,164
Aviles84,242
El Ejido84,227
Guadalajara83,039
Roquetas de Mar82,665
Palencia82,651
Algorta82,624
les Corts82,588
Pozuelo de Alarcon82,428
Sant Boi de Llobregat82,428
Toledo82,291
Pontevedra81,576
Getxo80,770
Gandia80,020
Sant Cugat del Valles79,253
Ceuta78,674
Arona78,614
Torrent78,543
Chiclana de la Frontera77,293
Manresa76,558
San Sebastian de los Reyes75,912
Ferrol74,273
Velez-Malaga74,190
Ciudad Real74,014
Mijas73,787
Melilla73,460
Rubi72,987
Fuengirola71,482
Benidorm71,034
Alcala de Guadaira70,155
Ponferrada68,736
Vaciamadrid68,405
Majadahonda68,110
Campina67,904
Vicalvaro66,439
Zamora66,293
Sagunto66,070
Vilanova i la Geltru65,890
Sanlucar de Barrameda65,805
Estepona65,592
Torremolinos65,448
Villa de Vallecas65,162
La Linea de la Concepcion64,595
Molina de Segura64,065
Paterna64,023
Santa Lucia63,637
Viladecans63,489
El Prat de Llobregat63,418
Valdemoro62,750
Groa de Murviedro62,368
Castelldefels62,080
Alcoy61,552
Linares61,338
Irun60,951
Granollers60,658
Motril60,279
Santutxu60,000
Arrecife59,127
Benalmadena58,854
Cerdanyola del Valles58,747
Avila56,855
Segovia56,660
Merida56,395
Cuenca55,866
Torrelavega55,297
Elda55,168
Collado-Villalba55,027
Aranjuez54,055
San Vicent del Raspeig53,126
Mollet del Valles52,484
San Bartolome52,161
Huesca52,059
Puertollano51,842
Calvia51,774
Arganda51,489
Vila-real51,205
Pola de Siero51,181
Utrera50,665
Ibiza48,684
Portugalete48,105
Santurtzi46,978
Esplugues de Llobregat46,862
Gava45,994
Sama45,565
Antequera45,168
Alzira44,690
Denia44,464
Mieres44,070
Llefia43,827
Mislata43,756
Colmenar Viejo43,700
Pinto43,501
Barajas de Madrid43,423
Boadilla del Monte43,414
Figueres43,330
Adeje43,204
Sant Feliu de Llobregat42,919
Basauri42,657
Lucena42,248
La Orotava41,171
Plasencia41,148
Alcantarilla41,084
San Fernando de Henares40,981
Mairena del Aljarafe40,700
Manacor40,548
Ecija40,400
Puerto Real40,183
Blanes40,047
Granadilla de Abona39,993
Vic39,844
Soria39,528
Lloret de Mar39,363
Miranda de Ebro39,264
Andujar39,111
Igualada38,918
Errenteria38,767
Rincon de la Victoria38,666
Burjassot38,433
Vilafranca del Penedes38,425
Tomelloso38,095
Ontinyent37,735
Naron37,712
Vilagarcia de Arousa37,576
Los Realejos37,559
Ripollet37,088
Ronda36,827
Los Palacios y Villafranca36,824
Arucas36,259
Llucmajor36,078
Realejo Alto35,963
La Rinconada35,928
El Vendrell35,821
Don Benito35,791
Puerto del Rosario35,667
Ubeda35,649
Teruel35,396
Villena35,222
Mazarron35,221
Cieza35,200
Tortosa35,143
Alhaurin de la Torre35,114
Yecla35,025
Tudela34,717
Burriana34,565
Aguilas34,533
Villajoyosa33,797
Sant Adria de Besos33,761
Almendralejo33,588
Olot33,524
MeteOlot33,524
Montcada i Reixac33,453
Oleiros33,443
Marratxi33,348
Maspalomas33,000
Aranda de Duero32,928
Azuqueca de Henares32,744
Cambrils32,422
Puerto de la Cruz32,219
Sant Joan Despi32,030
Galapagar31,820
Santa Pola31,760
Castro-Urdiales31,670
Javea31,593
Torre-Pacheco31,495
San Javier31,432
Camargo31,404
Santa Eularia des Riu31,314
Arcos de la Frontera31,210
Valdepenas31,147
Barbera del Valles31,144
Carballo30,990
Hellin30,976
San Andres del Rabanedo30,906
Xirivella30,691
Alcazar de San Juan30,675
Manises30,508
Alaquas30,392
Oliver-Valdefierro30,228
Leioa30,079
Puente-Genil30,033
Redondela30,001
Pinar de Chamartin30,000
Puerto del Carmen30,000
Salt29,985
Aldaia29,914
Arteixo29,762
Calp29,666
Sestao29,476
Xativa29,386
Ingenio29,319
Inca29,308
San Roque29,249
Galdakao29,226
Totana29,211
Ciutadella29,160
Mao29,125
Aguimes28,924
Sueca28,908
Crevillente28,609
Rota28,516
Moron de la Frontera28,455
Oliva28,419
Sant Pere de Ribes28,353
Carmona28,344
Algemesi28,308
Vinaros28,273
Durango28,229
Culleredo28,227
Coria del Rio28,100
Sant Vicenc dels Horts27,701
Almunecar27,696
Sitges27,668
Ribeira27,518
Eibar27,419
Premia de Mar27,399
Novelda27,135
Catarroja27,035
Ames26,983
Martorell26,681
Benicarlo26,655
Salou26,649
Villarrobledo26,642
Nijar26,516
el Campello26,511
Villaviciosa de Odon26,475
Lebrija26,434
Caravaca26,415
Sant Andreu de la Barca26,401
Pineda de Mar26,203
Camas26,015
Marin25,969
Lepe25,886
Villanueva de la Serena25,838
Almozara25,767
Cangas25,748
Almansa25,727
Onda25,691
Jumilla25,685
Quart de Poblet25,499
Valls25,092
Santa Perpetua de Mogoda25,048
Almassora24,963
Iturrama24,846
Calahorra24,787
Martos24,655
Galdar24,405
Adra24,373
Candelaria24,319
Calafell24,265
Erandio24,262
Cullera24,121
Ibi24,113
Molins de Rei24,067
Icod de los Vinos24,024
Montilla23,840
Altea23,780
San Pedro del Pinatar23,738
Tacoronte23,562
Paiporta23,519
Priego de Cordoba23,513
Baza23,359
Alhaurin el Grande23,319
Olesa de Montserrat23,301
Cambre23,231
Ponteareas23,172
Castellar del Valles23,002
Barbate de Franco22,912
Castrillon22,894
Vicar22,853
Alcala la Real22,783
Tomares22,772
Lliria22,706
Zarautz22,627
Primer Ensanche22,538
Segundo Ensanche22,538
Muchamiel22,510
Mejorada del Campo22,488
Alboraya22,405
Palafrugell22,365
Los Barrios22,311
El Masnou22,288
Sant Josep de sa Talaia22,171
Ciempozuelos22,132
Baranain22,110
Arrasate / Mondragon22,064
Pilar de la Horadada22,050
La Oliva21,996
Sant Feliu de Guixols21,977
San Juan de Alicante21,939
Calatayud21,933
Moncada21,900
A Estrada21,880
Coin21,866
Esparreguera21,855
Sant Antoni de Portmany21,852
Nerja21,811
Almonte21,782
Torrelodones21,781

Spain Population Clock

What is the population of Spain (as of 12/12/2017)?46,351,681
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)46,354,321
Births Per Day1,107
Deaths Per Day1,148
Net Migrations Per Day 25
Net Change Per Day -16
Population Change Since January 1st-5,536

Spain Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 8.698 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 9.022 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 0.2 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 83.19 years
Male Life Expectancy 80.406 years
Female Life Expectancy 85.896 years
Total Fertility Rate 1.379 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.664 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.064 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 2.451 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 2.968 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 31.848 years
Rate of Natural Increase -0.324
Median Age (Total) 42.3 years
Median Age (Female) 43.6 years
Median Age (Male) 41.2 years

Spain Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201746,354,32149.03%50.97%9230-0.05%
201546,397,66449.07%50.93%9230-0.17%
201046,788,63049.44%50.56%92271.22%
200544,042,63249.32%50.68%87281.49%
200040,903,71149.08%50.92%81280.50%
199539,890,49848.96%51.04%79280.30%
199039,306,10248.98%51.02%78260.24%
198538,835,88449.07%50.93%77250.54%
198037,796,79549.06%50.94%75240.99%
197535,975,31748.96%51.04%71221.15%
197033,980,27648.79%51.21%67221.06%
196532,241,04148.70%51.30%64181.12%
196030,489,24248.57%51.43%60180.92%
195529,125,35448.35%51.65%58170.74%
195028,069,73548.12%51.88%55160.00%

Spain Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202046,459,21949.07%50.93%92310.00%
202546,306,82049.04%50.96%9235-0.07%
203046,115,12548.97%51.03%9136-0.08%
203545,860,81548.85%51.15%9138-0.11%
204045,538,50248.72%51.28%9039-0.14%
204545,079,68348.58%51.42%8944-0.20%
205044,394,55848.45%51.55%8847-0.31%
205543,437,29448.33%51.67%8651-0.44%
206042,272,21748.24%51.76%8455-0.54%
206541,025,21148.20%51.80%8158-0.60%
207039,842,94248.23%51.77%7958-0.58%
207538,858,20348.34%51.66%7760-0.50%
208038,148,86548.47%51.53%7563-0.37%
208537,666,64348.54%51.46%7465-0.25%
209037,273,83148.56%51.44%7465-0.21%
209536,859,88848.54%51.46%7365-0.22%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer