Spain Population 2017

46,080,514

Spain, officially known as the Kingdom of Spain, is a sovereign state and a member state of the European Union, situated on the Iberian Peninsula in Southwest Europe. To the south, it’s bordered by the Mediterranean Sea apart from a small boundary with Gibraltar; to the north and northeast it is bordered by France, Andorra and the Bay of Biscay; while to the west and northwest it borders the Atlantic Ocean and Portugal. The 754 miles (1,214 km) of border with Portugal is the longest uninterrupted border within the European Union. The country is a democracy under a constitutional monarchy and is organized in a parliamentary style of government. It’s a developed country and is the 14th largest economy in the world by nominal GDP. The Kingdom of Spain has very high standards as well as the 10th highest quality of life index rating in the world as of 2005 statistics. As of 2016, the country has an estimated population of 48.1 million.

The population of Spain was last recorded in 2012 as 46.6 million people. This is a significant figure since the total population back in 1960 was 30.5 million as reported by Eurostat - a 52% increase over the last half-century. The 2016 estimate is 48,146,134 , its all-time high compared to a record low of 30.46 million in December 1960. The figure now represents 0.67% of the world’s population, which means that one in every 151 people is a resident of Spain.

Spain Population History

The population of Spain has been on the rise, especially after the adoption of the 3-month amnesty program by the government that allowed immigrants to be awarded legal status as residents of Spain. When the population struck the 40 million mark, the population density stood at about 79 persons per square kilometer.

The population growth rate experienced a drastic rise at the start of the 20th century due to a boom in the industrial sectors of Spain, and even more so in the 1960s and 1970s. However, this was compounded by uneven distribution in the population over time. Urban areas witnessed massive growth, with the Spanish villages experiencing huge drops. In the 1980s, when the economy faced a lot of stalemate, population growth was also directly affected. The state of the economy also forced some of the Spanish citizens to migrate to other European countries, negatively impacting population growth.

The growth rate was, however, restored in the 1990s. The citizenry of the Kingdom of Spain is a mixture of natives as well as various foreign immigrants. Spain’s population has increased significantly as a result of migration from Latin America, East Europe, North Africa and sub-Saharan Africa. People are migrating to Spain in large numbers, mainly to spend their retirement days along the coastline but also due to the many opportunities for businesses to thrive.

As of 2009, the number of residents was at 46,661,950 and the population density stood at 90 people per square kilometer (or 231 per square mile). Despite the fact that the population has been on a steady increase, large sections of people are concentrated in the major cities of Spain such as Madrid and Barcelona. The rural areas of the country, despite the steady growth, have experienced declining population.

Spain Life Expectancy

Spain’s life expectancy is the highest in Europe, surpassing even the likes of Australia, US, Canada and Norway. Life expectancy is 79.6 for males and 85.6 for females, which averages to a total life expectancy of 82.6. This places the Kingdom of Spain at rank 5 in World Life Expectancy, according to a WHO report published in 2013..

The life expectancy at birth gives the number of years an infant would live if the prevailing mortality conditions at the time of birth were to stay the same all throughout his or her lifetime. Spain has the 3rd lowest level of lives lost in the world. Some attribute this to the Mediterranean diet, while others say it’s because the country is performing well against causes of death such as various types of cancer.

Demographics

According to the census in 2008, Spain had about 46,157,822 inhabitants. This translated to a population density of about 91.4 people per square kilometer, or 229 per square mile. The population density is lower than that of most other Western European Countries. With the exception of Madrid, the capital of Spain, the populous regions in the Kingdom of Spain are along the coastline of the country.

During the 20th century, the population of Spain doubled, although the trend was uneven due to large-scale internal migration from rural areas to urban areas with core industries in the economy. The same internal migration practice was witnessed in other Western European countries as the preference for urban cities with industries of importance to the economy grew. At least 11 of the 50 provinces in the country experienced negative population growth during this century.

A sharp drop in the birth rates was witnessed during the last quarter of the 20th century. Spain’s fertility rate of 1.49 is subsequently lower than the EU average, but there has been a rise in the rate ever since the late 1990s. The birth rate rose from 9.10 births per 1000 people to 10.9 over a period of ten years from 1996 to 2006. The birth rate in 2016 is estimated to be 9.6.

The Kingdom of Spain currently has no official religion. This is despite the fact that over 90% of the population prefer to identify themselves as Catholic. The constitution of 1978 removed Roman Catholicism as the official state religion. While large portions of the population are believed to be Catholic, 63% confirmed that they never attend any religious services in the country.

Spain Population in 2017Source: "S de Santi"

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Spain Population Growth

Eurostar has projected that by the year 2060, the total population of Spain will stand at 49.2 million. Since reports of real-time population analysis indicate there are currently about 47 million residents, the population is bound to grow, albeit slowly, over the next few decades.

According to a 2012 estimate, the population growth rate is 0.654%, pointing to the fact that Spain is set to experience slow but steady population growth over the years.

About Spain

Official NameKingdom of Spain
Languages SpokenOccitan, Spanish, Galician, Basque, Catalan
BordersAND, FRA, GIB, PRT, MAR
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude40-4
Currencies UsedEUR

Spain Population Density

Name Population
Torrelodones21,781
Almonte21,782
Nerja21,811
Sant Antoni de Portmany21,852
Esparreguera21,855
Coin21,866
A Estrada21,880
Moncada21,900
Calatayud21,933
San Juan de Alicante21,939
Sant Feliu de Guixols21,977
La Oliva21,996
Pilar de la Horadada22,050
Arrasate / Mondragon22,064
Baranain22,110
Ciempozuelos22,132
Sant Josep de sa Talaia22,171
El Masnou22,288
Los Barrios22,311
Palafrugell22,365
Alboraya22,405
Mejorada del Campo22,488
Muchamiel22,510
Segundo Ensanche22,538
Primer Ensanche22,538
Zarautz22,627
Lliria22,706
Tomares22,772
Alcala la Real22,783
Vicar22,853
Castrillon22,894
Barbate de Franco22,912
Castellar del Valles23,002
Ponteareas23,172
Cambre23,231
Olesa de Montserrat23,301
Alhaurin el Grande23,319
Baza23,359
Priego de Cordoba23,513
Paiporta23,519
Tacoronte23,562
San Pedro del Pinatar23,738
Altea23,780
Montilla23,840
Icod de los Vinos24,024
Molins de Rei24,067
Ibi24,113
Cullera24,121
Erandio24,262
Calafell24,265
Candelaria24,319
Adra24,373
Galdar24,405
Martos24,655
Calahorra24,787
Iturrama24,846
Almassora24,963
Santa Perpetua de Mogoda25,048
Valls25,092
Quart de Poblet25,499
Jumilla25,685
Onda25,691
Almansa25,727
Cangas25,748
Almozara25,767
Villanueva de la Serena25,838
Lepe25,886
Marin25,969
Camas26,015
Pineda de Mar26,203
Sant Andreu de la Barca26,401
Caravaca26,415
Lebrija26,434
Villaviciosa de Odon26,475
el Campello26,511
Nijar26,516
Villarrobledo26,642
Salou26,649
Benicarlo26,655
Martorell26,681
Ames26,983
Catarroja27,035
Novelda27,135
Premia de Mar27,399
Eibar27,419
Ribeira27,518
Sitges27,668
Almunecar27,696
Sant Vicenc dels Horts27,701
Coria del Rio28,100
Culleredo28,227
Durango28,229
Vinaros28,273
Algemesi28,308
Carmona28,344
Sant Pere de Ribes28,353
Oliva28,419
Moron de la Frontera28,455
Rota28,516
Crevillente28,609
Sueca28,908
Aguimes28,924
Mao29,125
Ciutadella29,160
Totana29,211
Galdakao29,226
San Roque29,249
Inca29,308
Ingenio29,319
Xativa29,386
Sestao29,476
Calp29,666
Arteixo29,762
Aldaia29,914
Salt29,985
Puerto del Carmen30,000
Pinar de Chamartin30,000
Redondela30,001
Puente-Genil30,033
Leioa30,079
Oliver-Valdefierro30,228
Alaquas30,392
Manises30,508
Alcazar de San Juan30,675
Xirivella30,691
San Andres del Rabanedo30,906
Hellin30,976
Carballo30,990
Barbera del Valles31,144
Valdepenas31,147
Arcos de la Frontera31,210
Santa Eularia des Riu31,314
Camargo31,404
San Javier31,432
Torre-Pacheco31,495
Javea31,593
Castro-Urdiales31,670
Santa Pola31,760
Galapagar31,820
Sant Joan Despi32,030
Puerto de la Cruz32,219
Cambrils32,422
Azuqueca de Henares32,744
Aranda de Duero32,928
Maspalomas33,000
Marratxi33,348
Oleiros33,443
Montcada i Reixac33,453
MeteOlot33,524
Olot33,524
Almendralejo33,588
Sant Adria de Besos33,761
Villajoyosa33,797
Aguilas34,533
Burriana34,565
Tudela34,717
Yecla35,025
Alhaurin de la Torre35,114
Tortosa35,143
Cieza35,200
Mazarron35,221
Villena35,222
Teruel35,396
Ubeda35,649
Puerto del Rosario35,667
Don Benito35,791
El Vendrell35,821
La Rinconada35,928
Realejo Alto35,963
Llucmajor36,078
Arucas36,259
Los Palacios y Villafranca36,824
Ronda36,827
Ripollet37,088
Los Realejos37,559
Vilagarcia de Arousa37,576
Naron37,712
Ontinyent37,735
Tomelloso38,095
Vilafranca del Penedes38,425
Burjassot38,433
Rincon de la Victoria38,666
Errenteria38,767
Igualada38,918
Andujar39,111
Miranda de Ebro39,264
Lloret de Mar39,363
Soria39,528
Vic39,844
Granadilla de Abona39,993
Blanes40,047
Puerto Real40,183
Ecija40,400
Manacor40,548
Mairena del Aljarafe40,700
San Fernando de Henares40,981
Alcantarilla41,084
Plasencia41,148
La Orotava41,171
Lucena42,248
Basauri42,657
Sant Feliu de Llobregat42,919
Adeje43,204
Figueres43,330
Boadilla del Monte43,414
Barajas de Madrid43,423
Pinto43,501
Colmenar Viejo43,700
Mislata43,756
Llefia43,827
Mieres44,070
Denia44,464
Alzira44,690
Antequera45,168
Sama45,565
Gava45,994
Esplugues de Llobregat46,862
Santurtzi46,978
Portugalete48,105
Ibiza48,684
Utrera50,665
Pola de Siero51,181
Vila-real51,205
Arganda51,489
Calvia51,774
Puertollano51,842
Huesca52,059
San Bartolome52,161
Mollet del Valles52,484
San Vicent del Raspeig53,126
Aranjuez54,055
Collado-Villalba55,027
Elda55,168
Torrelavega55,297
Cuenca55,866
Merida56,395
Segovia56,660
Avila56,855
Cerdanyola del Valles58,747
Benalmadena58,854
Arrecife59,127
Santutxu60,000
Motril60,279
Granollers60,658
Irun60,951
Linares61,338
Alcoy61,552
Castelldefels62,080
Groa de Murviedro62,368
Valdemoro62,750
El Prat de Llobregat63,418
Viladecans63,489
Santa Lucia63,637
Paterna64,023
Molina de Segura64,065
La Linea de la Concepcion64,595
Villa de Vallecas65,162
Torremolinos65,448
Estepona65,592
Sanlucar de Barrameda65,805
Vilanova i la Geltru65,890
Sagunto66,070
Zamora66,293
Vicalvaro66,439
Campina67,904
Majadahonda68,110
Vaciamadrid68,405
Ponferrada68,736
Alcala de Guadaira70,155
Benidorm71,034
Fuengirola71,482
Rubi72,987
Melilla73,460
Mijas73,787
Ciudad Real74,014
Velez-Malaga74,190
Ferrol74,273
San Sebastian de los Reyes75,912
Manresa76,558
Chiclana de la Frontera77,293
Torrent78,543
Arona78,614
Ceuta78,674
Sant Cugat del Valles79,253
Gandia80,020
Getxo80,770
Pontevedra81,576
Toledo82,291
Sant Boi de Llobregat82,428
Pozuelo de Alarcon82,428
les Corts82,588
Algorta82,624
Palencia82,651
Roquetas de Mar82,665
Guadalajara83,039
El Ejido84,227
Aviles84,242
Orihuela86,164
Las Rozas de Madrid86,340
Cornella de Llobregat86,519
El Puerto de Santa Maria87,696
Talavera de la Reina88,856
Coslada90,280
Lorca91,906
Caceres93,131
Santiago de Compostela95,092
Girona96,188
San Fernando96,366
Lugo96,678
Barakaldo98,460
Telde100,015
Torrevieja101,792
Moratalaz104,923
Reus107,118
Alcobendas107,514
Ourense107,742
Delicias110,520
Ciutat Vella111,290
Parla115,611
Algeciras116,209
Moncloa-Aravaca116,531
Jaen116,557
Torrejon de Ardoz118,162
Santa Coloma de Gramenet119,717
Gracia120,087
Mataro121,722
Dos Hermanas122,943
Retiro126,058
Cadiz126,766
Villaverde126,802
Leon134,305
Marbella134,623
Lleida135,919
Sarria-Sant Gervasi140,000
Chamartin140,000
Tarragona140,323
Usera141,189
Sant Andreu de Palomar142,598
Chamberi145,934
Salamanca147,707
Badajoz148,334
Arganzuela148,797
Huelva148,806
City Center149,718
La Laguna150,661
Logrono152,107
Tetuan de las Victorias155,000
Salamanca155,619
San Blas157,367
Hortaleza161,661
Nou Barris164,981
Getafe167,164
Alcorcon167,967
Albacete169,716
Horta-Guinardo169,920
Sants-Montjuic177,636
Burgos178,966
Castello de la Plana180,005
Santander182,700
San Sebastian185,357
Leganes186,066
Almeria188,810
Fuenlabrada197,836
Pamplona198,491
Alcala de Henares204,574
Mostoles206,478
Sabadell206,493
Jerez de la Frontera207,532
Terrassa210,941
Cartagena211,996
Badalona219,547
Fuencarral-El Pardo220,085
Sant Marti221,029
Santa Cruz de Tenerife222,417
Oviedo224,005
Ciudad Lineal228,171
Elche230,112
Granada234,325
Gasteiz / Vitoria235,661
Puente de Vallecas244,151
A Coruna246,056
Carabanchel253,678
Latina256,644
L'Hospitalet de Llobregat257,038
Eixample262,485
Gijon277,554
Vigo297,332
Valladolid317,864
Cordoba328,428
Alicante334,757
Bilbao354,860
Las Palmas de Gran Canaria381,847
Palma401,270
Murcia436,870
Malaga568,305
Zaragoza674,317
Sevilla703,206
Valencia814,208
Barcelona1,621,537
Madrid3,255,944

Spain Population Clock

What is the population of Spain (as of 10/16/2017)?46,080,514
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)46,070,146
Births Per Day218
Deaths Per Day231
Net Migrations Per Day 109
Net Change Per Day 96
Population Change Since January 1st27,744

Spain Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 8.62 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 9.115 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 0.862 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 83.127 years
Male Life Expectancy 80.448 years
Female Life Expectancy 85.719 years
Total Fertility Rate 1.369 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.665 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.064 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 2.556 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 3.053 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 32.289 years
Rate of Natural Increase -0.55
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 1.178%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 1.444%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 0.903%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 5.867%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 7.693%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 4.001%
Median Age (Total) 42.3 years
Median Age (Female) 43.6 years
Median Age (Male) 41.2 years

Spain Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
201746,070,14649.03%50.97%920.10%
201546,121,69949.05%50.95%92-0.12%
201046,601,49249.45%50.55%930.23%
200543,854,76149.33%50.67%881.55%
200040,749,80049.08%50.92%821.17%
199539,764,26748.95%51.05%800.29%
199039,192,05548.98%51.02%790.24%
198538,734,33049.06%50.94%780.31%
198037,704,86749.06%50.94%760.72%
197535,909,04248.95%51.05%721.09%
197033,923,24048.79%51.21%681.12%
196532,192,22348.69%51.31%651.06%
196030,450,99448.56%51.44%611.07%
195529,100,39648.34%51.66%580.83%
195028,069,73748.12%51.88%560.60%

Spain Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
202046,193,54349.09%50.91%930.00%
202546,094,61349.12%50.88%92-0.07%
203045,919,67449.11%50.89%92-0.05%
203545,818,58749.08%50.92%92-0.06%
204045,647,45549.02%50.98%92-0.10%
204545,346,82848.96%51.04%91-0.18%
205044,840,17248.90%51.10%90-0.30%
205544,076,31748.84%51.16%88-0.41%
206043,113,82948.82%51.18%86-0.48%
206542,074,54248.84%51.16%84-0.49%
207041,102,38348.91%51.09%82-0.43%
207540,302,07849.06%50.94%81-0.33%
208039,729,71649.22%50.78%80-0.22%
208539,350,74749.35%50.65%79-0.16%
209039,044,48249.40%50.60%78-0.16%
209538,715,99449.40%50.60%78-0.19%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations