Spain Population 2016

Spain, officially known as the Kingdom of Spain, is a sovereign state and a member state of the European Union, situated on the Iberian Peninsula in Southwest Europe. To the south, it’s bordered by the Mediterranean Sea apart from a small boundary with Gibraltar; to the north and northeast it is bordered by France, Andorra and the Bay of Biscay; while to the west and northwest it borders the Atlantic Ocean and Portugal. The 754 miles (1,214 km) of border with Portugal is the longest uninterrupted border within the European Union. The country is a democracy under a constitutional monarchy and is organized in a parliamentary style of government. It’s a developed country and is the 13th largest economy in the world by nominal GDP. The Kingdom of Spain has very high standards as well as the 10th highest quality of life index rating in the world as of 2005 statistics.

Spain Population 2014

The population of Spain was last recorded in 2012 as 46.6 million people. This is a significant figure since the total population back in 1960 was 30.5 million as reported by Eurostat - a 52% increase over the last half-century. The 2014 estimate is 46.96 million, its all-time high compared to a record low of 30.46 million in December 1960. The figure now represents 0.67% of the world’s population, which means that one in every 151 people is a resident of Spain.

Spain Population History

The population of Spain has been on a rise, especially after the adoption of the 3-month amnesty program by the government that allowed immigrants to be awarded legal status as residents of Spain. When the population struck the 40 million mark, the population density stood at about 79 persons per square kilometer.

The population growth rate experienced a drastic rise at the start of the 20th century due to a boom in the industrial sectors of Spain, and even more so in the 1960s and 1970s. However, this was compounded by uneven distribution in the population over time. Urban areas witnessed massive growth, with the Spanish villages experiencing huge drops. In the 1980s, when the economy faced a lot of stalemate, population growth was also directly affected. The state of the economy also forced some of the Spanish citizens to migrate to other European countries, negatively impacting population growth.

The growth rate was, however, restored in the 1990s. The citizenry of the Kingdom of Spain is a mixture of natives as well as various foreign immigrants. Spain’s population has increased significantly as a result of migration from Latin America, East Europe, North Africa and sub-Saharan Africa. People are migrating to Spain in large numbers, mainly to spend their retirement days along the coastline but also due to the many opportunities for businesses to thrive.

As of 2009, the number of residents was at 46,661,950 and the population density stood at 90 people per square kilometer (or 231 per square mile). Despite the fact that the population has been on a steady increase, large sections of people are concentrated in the major cities of Spain such as Madrid and Barcelona. The rural areas of the country, despite the steady growth, have experienced declining population.

Spain Life Expectancy

Spain’s life expectancy is the highest in Europe, surpassing even the likes of Australia, US, Canada and Norway. Life expectancy is 79.0 for males and 85.2 for females, which averages to a total life expectancy of 82.1. This places the Kingdom of Spain at rank 7 in World Life Expectancy, according to a WHO report published back in April 2011.

The life expectancy at birth gives the number of years an infant would live if the prevailing mortality conditions at the time of birth were to stay the same all throughout his or her lifetime. Spain has the 3rd lowest level of lives lost in the world. Some attribute this to the Mediterranean diet, while others say it’s because the country is performing well against causes of death such as various types of cancer.


According to the census in 2008, Spain had about 46,157,822 inhabitants. This translated to a population density of about 91.4 people per square kilometer, or 229 per square mile. The population density is lower than that of most other Western European Countries. With the exception of Madrid, the capital of Spain, the populous regions in the Kingdom of Spain are along the coastline of the country.

During the 20th century, the population of Spain doubled, although the trend was uneven due to large-scale internal migration from rural areas to urban areas with core industries in the economy. The same internal migration practice was witnessed in other Western European countries as the preference for urban cities with industries of importance to the economy grew. At least 11 of the 50 provinces in the country experienced negative population growth during this century.

A sharp drop in the birth rates was witnessed during the last quarter of the 20th century. Spain’s fertility rate of 1.47 is subsequently lower than the EU average, but there has been a rise in the rate ever since the late 1990s. The birth rate rose from 9.10 births per 1000 people to 10.9 over a period of ten years from 1996 to 2006.

The Kingdom of Spain currently has no official religion. This is despite the fact that 70% of the population prefer to identify themselves as Catholic. The constitution of 1978 removed Roman Catholicism as the official state religion. While large portions of the population are believed to be Catholic, 63% confirmed that they never attend any religious services in the country.

Spain Population Clock

What is the population of Spain (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2016) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 5,436
Deaths Per Day 5,784
Net Migrations Per Day 545
Net Change Per Day 197
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Spain Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 8.598 births/thousand 186th
Crude Death Rate 9.148 deaths/thousand 55th
Crude Net Migration Rate 0.862 people/thousand 46th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 83.22 years 6th
Life Expectancy (Male) 80.54 years 12th
Life Expectancy (Female) 85.8 years 5th
Total Fertility Rate 1.382 children/woman 183rd
Net Reproduction Rate 0.665 surviving daughters/woman 183rd
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.064 males per female 23rd
Infant Mortality Rate 2.516 deaths/1,000 live births 178th
Under Five Mortality 3.027 deaths/thousand 179th
Mean Age at Childbearing 32.289 years 7th

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision)

Spain Population Growth

Eurostar has projected that by the year 2060, the total population of Spain will stand at 52 million. Since reports of real-time population analysis indicate there are currently about 47 million residents, the population is bound to grow, albeit slowly, over the next few decades.

According to a 2012 estimate, the population growth rate is 0.654%, pointing to the fact that Spain is set to experience slow but steady population growth over the years.

Spain Population History

Year Population Male Population Female Population Density (per sq km) Growth Rate
2016 46,064,604 22,582,758 23,481,846 92 0.012%
2015 46,121,699 22,623,601 23,498,098 92 -0.1239%
2010 46,601,492 23,044,219 23,557,273 93 0.2291%
2005 43,854,761 21,633,610 22,221,151 87 1.5458%
2000 40,749,800 20,000,404 20,749,396 81 1.1728%
1995 39,764,267 19,465,772 20,298,495 79 0.2878%
1990 39,192,055 19,195,265 19,996,790 78 0.2421%
1985 38,734,330 19,004,886 19,729,444 77 0.3094%
1980 37,704,867 18,497,896 19,206,971 75 0.717%
1975 35,909,042 17,578,289 18,330,753 71 1.0895%
1970 33,923,240 16,550,650 17,372,590 68 1.1208%
1965 32,192,223 15,674,473 16,517,750 64 1.0642%
1960 30,450,994 14,787,603 15,663,391 61 1.0652%
1955 29,100,396 14,067,118 15,033,278 58 0.8323%
1950 28,069,737 13,507,072 14,562,665 56 0.5953%

Spain Population Projections

Year Population Male Population Female Population Density (per sq km) Growth Rate
2020 46,193,543 22,678,705 23,514,838 92 0.0012%
2025 46,094,613 22,641,088 23,453,525 92 -0.0735%
2030 45,919,674 22,551,901 23,367,773 92 -0.0539%
2035 45,818,587 22,485,907 23,332,680 91 -0.0563%
2040 45,647,455 22,376,706 23,270,749 91 -0.104%
2045 45,346,828 22,202,230 23,144,598 90 -0.1824%
2050 44,840,172 21,925,207 22,914,965 89 -0.2962%
2055 44,076,317 21,528,447 22,547,870 88 -0.4085%
2060 43,113,829 21,046,546 22,067,283 86 -0.4793%
2065 42,074,542 20,547,724 21,526,818 84 -0.4854%
2070 41,102,383 20,105,070 20,997,313 82 -0.4301%
2075 40,302,078 19,773,099 20,528,979 80 -0.3303%
2080 39,729,716 19,556,687 20,173,029 79 -0.2226%
2085 39,350,747 19,418,643 19,932,104 78 -0.1616%
2090 39,044,482 19,288,186 19,756,296 78 -0.1592%
2095 38,715,994 19,127,630 19,588,364 77 -0.1851%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations