Spanish Speaking Countries 2019

The Spanish language is spoken in countries all throughout the world. It is the majority language across 20 states and territories. This means that it is used as the primary language for communication across most of the population. Official documents are written in Spanish in these countries and territories, and it is taught to children in schools. Across these nations, there are over 442,000,000 people that speak Spanish.

Mexico is the Spanish-speaking nation with the highest population. As of 2014, Mexico has a population of over 120 million residents. It is the only country with a population of over 100 million that is primarily Spanish-speaking.

The other countries that are Spanish-speaking are located around the world, with most being located in South America, Latin America and Europe.

All of the nations and territories that have Spanish as their majority language are (in alphabetical order): Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Spain, Uruguay, Venezuela

There are also nations that have minority populations of Spanish-speaking residents. While Spanish isn’t the official language in these areas, most printed and broadcast media in these areas are also available in Spanish. The United States has the largest population of Spanish-speaking residents among these nations. About 23% of the total population – or 52 million – speak Spanish.

In addition to the United States, Andorra, Belize and Gibraltar also have large populations of Spanish-speaking residents.

Spanish has also influenced creole languages spoken in areas around the world. Papiamento, which is based on Spanish, is spoken in Aruba, the Caribbean Netherlands and Curacao. Chavacano is another Spanish-based creole language that is spoken throughout parts of the Philippines by over 600,000 people.

Country Population 2019
Argentina44,780,677
Bolivia11,513,100
Chile18,952,038
Colombia50,339,443
Costa Rica5,047,561
Cuba11,333,483
Dominican Republic10,738,958
Ecuador17,373,662
El Salvador6,453,553
Equatorial Guinea1,355,986
Guatemala17,581,472
Honduras9,746,117
Mexico127,575,529
Nicaragua6,545,502
Panama4,246,439
Paraguay7,044,636
Peru32,510,453
Puerto Rico2,933,408
Spain46,736,776
Uruguay3,461,734
Venezuela28,515,829