Spanish Speaking Countries

The Spanish language is spoken in countries all throughout the world. It is the majority language across 20 states and territories. This means that it is used as the primary language for communication across most of the population. Official documents are written in Spanish in these countries and territories, and it is taught to children in schools. Across these nations, there are over 442,000,000 people that speak Spanish.

Mexico is the Spanish-speaking nation with the highest population. As of 2014, Mexico has a population of over 120 million residents. It is the only country with a population of over 100 million that is primarily Spanish-speaking.

The other countries that are Spanish-speaking are located around the world, with most being located in South America, Latin America and Europe. All of the nations and territories that have Spanish as their majority language are (in alphabetical order):

There are also nations that have minority populations of Spanish-speaking residents. While Spanish isn’t the official language in these areas, most printed and broadcast media in these areas are also available in Spanish. The United States has the largest population of Spanish-speaking residents among these nations. About 23% of the total population – or 52 million – speak Spanish.

In addition to the United States, Andorra, Belize and Gibraltar also have large populations of Spanish-speaking residents.

Spanish has also influenced creole languages spoken in areas around the world. Papiamento, which is based on Spanish, is spoken in Aruba, the Caribbean Netherlands and Curacao. Chavacano is another Spanish-based creole language that is spoken throughout parts of the Philippines by over 600,000 people.

Flag Name Area Population 2018 Growth Rate
Mexico1,964,375 km²130,759,0741.24%
Colombia1,141,748 km²49,464,6830.81%
Spain505,992 km²46,397,4520.09%
Argentina2,780,400 km²44,688,8640.94%
Peru1,285,216 km²32,551,8151.20%
Venezuela916,445 km²32,381,2211.26%
Chile756,102 km²18,197,2090.79%
Guatemala108,889 km²17,245,3461.96%
Ecuador276,841 km²16,863,4251.44%
Cuba109,884 km²11,489,0820.04%
Bolivia1,098,581 km²11,215,6741.48%
Dominican Republic48,671 km²10,882,9961.08%
Honduras112,492 km²9,417,1671.64%
Paraguay406,752 km²6,896,9081.26%
El Salvador21,041 km²6,411,5580.53%
Nicaragua130,373 km²6,284,7571.08%
Costa Rica51,100 km²4,953,1990.97%
Panama75,417 km²4,162,6181.56%
Puerto Rico8,870 km²3,659,007-0.11%
Uruguay181,034 km²3,469,5510.37%
Equatorial Guinea28,051 km²1,313,8943.64%