Sri Lanka Population 2017

20,861,323

Sri Lanka may seem like a small island lying southeast of India. However, it has a significant population of 20.88 million in 2017 (down from 21,481,334 in 2013), with the most dense areas lying in the urban areas such as the capital, Colombo, and other large cities that are also the industrial and economic hubs of the country. It is growing at a rate of 0.913% annually and houses people from many different ethnicities and religions, which gives the country a multi-cultural and multi-ethnic identity.

Sri Lanka hosts a dynamic age structure that includes a very large age bracket of 25-54 year old individuals dominating the country. Around 42.6% of the population lies in that age bracket. Even though Sri Lanka is a developing economy, such a large working population is allowing it to pursue development projects and create a large number of jobs that can utilized by its inhabitants. This is not only helping many people to support their families, but is also helping Sri Lanka’s economy grow steadily in the last few years.

Moreover, the median age of people in Sri Lanka is estimated to be 31.1 years, with the median age of men being 30.1 years while females have a median age of 32.2 years. Furthermore, Sri Lanka has a high life expectancy of 75.94 years, with a male life expectancy at 72.43 years and female life expectancy at 79.59 years. This is also why 9.1% of the country's population is in the 54-65 year age bracket, while 8.1% of its population is above the age of 65. An estimate of the number of deaths each year in the Sri Lanka lies at 5.96 deaths per a population of 1000 people.

Sri Lanka Birth Rate

On the other hand, due the large number of youngsters in the country, the marriage rates have only gotten higher in the last few decades. The great number of marriages have also resulted in a greater rate of births as well. The birth rate in Sri Lanka has risen in the last few years to around 17.04 births per population of 1000 people. This is also why the population in the 0-14 year old age bracket makes up 24.1% of the total population.

Sri Lanka is a country of multiple ethnicities, but the two most prominent are the Sinhalese and the Sri Lankan Tamils. The Sinhalese make up around 75% of the total population and are concentrated in the central and southwestern parts of the country. The Tamils make up around 11.9% of the total population and are thus the largest minority present in the country. The Sinhalese are predominantly Buddhist, and thus it is the major religion in the country, followed by Hinduism, which is actively practiced by the Tamils. The next most popular religion is Christianity, especially among the Burgher population.

Sri Lanka is a developing country with a lot of potential to grow if it can utilize its large work force and provide job and development opportunities for them. The country is steadily growing and needs to utilize its resources more carefully to sustain its development for the future.

Sri Lanka Population in 2018Source: Hansa Nanayakkara

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Sri Lanka Population Growth

About Sri Lanka

Official NameDemocratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
Languages SpokenTamil, Sinhala
BordersIND
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude781
Currencies UsedLKR

Sri Lanka Population Density

Name Population
Colombo648,034
Galkissa215,941
Moratuwa185,031
Jaffna169,102
Negombo137,223
Pita Kotte118,179
Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte115,826
Kandy111,701
Trincomalee108,420
Kalmunai100,171
Galle93,118
Point Pedro89,810
Batticaloa86,742
Katunayaka84,643
Valvedditturai78,205
Matara76,254
Battaramulla South75,633
Dambulla66,716
Maharagama66,576
Kotikawatta64,565
Anuradhapura60,943
Vavuniya60,176
Kolonnawa58,076
Hendala56,978
Ratnapura47,832
Badulla47,587
Puttalam45,661
Welisara41,306
Kalutara38,000
Bentota37,000
Homagama34,664
Beruwala34,250
Panadura33,735
Mulleriyawa33,540
Kandana33,424
Ja Ela32,175
Wattala30,725
Peliyagoda30,717
Kelaniya28,846
Kurunegala28,571
Nuwara Eliya25,775
Gampola24,730
Chilaw24,712
Eravur Town22,982
Hanwella Ihala22,918
Weligama22,179
Ambalangoda20,133
Shanjeev Home20,000
Ampara18,348
Hatton15,073
Polonnaruwa13,900
Kilinochchi13,006
Tangalla10,497
Monaragala10,236
Gampaha9,350
Horana South8,982
Wattegama8,000
Minuwangoda7,772
Horawala Junction7,500
Kuliyapitiya6,877

Sri Lanka Population Clock

What is the population of Sri Lanka (as of 11/15/2017)?20,861,323
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)20,876,917
Births Per Day172
Deaths Per Day80
Net Migrations Per Day -205
Net Change Per Day -113
Population Change Since January 1st-36,047

Sri Lanka Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 15.004 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 7.031 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -3.584 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 75.408 years
Male Life Expectancy 72.057 years
Female Life Expectancy 78.712 years
Total Fertility Rate 2.03 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.972 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.043 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 7.013 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 8.21 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.263 years
Rate of Natural Increase 7.81
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 4.606%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 6.67%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 2.678%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 14.223%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 20.349%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 8.191%
Median Age (Total) 32.5 years
Median Age (Female) 33.7 years
Median Age (Male) 31.2 years

Sri Lanka Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
201720,876,91748.06%51.94%3180.39%
201520,714,04048.17%51.83%3160.51%
201020,198,35348.66%51.34%3080.68%
200519,524,55849.30%50.70%2980.78%
200018,781,93849.88%50.12%2860.58%
199518,247,12150.23%49.77%2781.04%
199017,329,71350.49%49.51%2641.38%
198516,179,79650.79%49.21%2471.48%
198015,035,85650.99%49.01%2291.80%
197513,755,16151.18%48.82%2101.96%
197012,485,75651.49%48.51%1902.36%
196511,110,82851.88%48.12%1692.39%
19609,874,48152.49%47.51%1512.38%
19558,778,44953.33%46.67%1341.95%
19507,971,09854.44%45.56%1210.00%

Sri Lanka Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
202021,084,04247.94%52.06%3210.00%
202521,349,94247.75%52.25%3250.25%
203021,474,70147.56%52.44%3270.12%
203521,491,89547.40%52.60%3280.02%
204021,397,71647.27%52.73%326-0.09%
204521,165,08047.17%52.83%323-0.22%
205020,792,35247.09%52.91%317-0.35%
205520,325,94447.05%52.95%310-0.45%
206019,804,83147.05%52.95%302-0.52%
206519,255,94647.11%52.89%293-0.56%
207018,693,18147.20%52.80%285-0.59%
207518,113,57247.33%52.67%276-0.63%
208017,514,36847.46%52.54%267-0.67%
208516,899,51647.57%52.43%258-0.71%
209016,275,81447.65%52.35%248-0.75%
209515,650,83847.70%52.30%239-0.78%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer