Sri Lanka Population 2017

[[getCurrentPopulation()]]

Sri Lanka may seem like a small island lying southeast of India. However, it has a significant population of 21,416,445 (down from 21,481,334 in 2013), with the most dense areas lying in the urban areas such as the capital, Colombo, and other large cities that are also the industrial and economic hubs of the country. It is growing at a rate of 0.913% annually and houses people from many different ethnicities and religions, which gives the country a multi-cultural and multi-ethnic identity.

Sri Lanka hosts a dynamic age structure that includes a very large age bracket of 25-54 year old individuals dominating the country. Around 42.6% of the population lies in that age bracket. Even though Sri Lanka is a developing economy, such a large working population is allowing it to pursue development projects and create a large number of jobs that can utilized by its inhabitants. This is not only helping many people to support their families, but is also helping Sri Lanka’s economy grow steadily in the last few years.

Moreover, the median age of people in Sri Lanka is estimated to be 31.1 years, with the median age of men being 30.1 years while females have a median age of 32.2 years. Furthermore, Sri Lanka has a high life expectancy of 75.94 years, with a male life expectancy at 72.43 years and female life expectancy at 79.59 years. This is also why 9.1% of the country's population is in the 54-65 year age bracket, while 8.1% of its population is above the age of 65. An estimate of the number of deaths each year in the Sri Lanka lies at 5.96 deaths per a population of 1000 people.

Sri Lanka Birth Rate

On the other hand, due the large number of youngsters in the country, the marriage rates have only gotten higher in the last few decades. The great number of marriages have also resulted in a greater rate of births as well. The birth rate in Sri Lanka has risen in the last few years to around 17.04 births per population of 1000 people. This is also why the population in the 0-14 year old age bracket makes up 24.1% of the total population.

Sri Lanka is a country of multiple ethnicities, but the two most prominent are the Sinhalese and the Sri Lankan Tamils. The Sinhalese make up around 75% of the total population and are concentrated in the central and southwestern parts of the country. The Tamils make up around 11.9% of the total population and are thus the largest minority present in the country. The Sinhalese are predominantly Buddhist, and thus it is the major religion in the country, followed by Hinduism, which is actively practiced by the Tamils. The next most popular religion is Christianity, especially among the Burgher population.

Sri Lanka is a developing country with a lot of potential to grow if it can utilize its large work force and provide job and development opportunities for them. The country is steadily growing and needs to utilize its resources more carefully to sustain its development for the future.

Sri Lanka Population in 2017 Source: Hansa Nanayakkara

Sri Lanka Population Density

About Sri Lanka

Official Name Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
Languages Spoken Sinhala, Tamil
Borders IND
Is Landlocked No
Latitude/Longitude 7,81
Currencies Used LKR

Sri Lanka Population Clock

What is the population of Sri Lanka (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 174
Deaths Per Day 79
Net Migrations Per Day -205
Net Change Per Day -110
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Sri Lanka Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 15.294 births/thousand 123rd
Crude Death Rate 6.934 deaths/thousand 123rd
Crude Net Migration Rate -3.584 people/thousand 174th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 75.226 years 82nd
Life Expectancy (Male) 71.867 years 88th
Life Expectancy (Female) 78.547 years 77th
Total Fertility Rate 2.045 children/woman 117th
Net Reproduction Rate 0.972 surviving daughters/woman 112th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.043 males per female 142nd
Infant Mortality Rate 7.249 deaths/1,000 live births 144th
Under Five Mortality 8.48 deaths/thousand 145th
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.263 years 55th
Rate of Natural Increase 7.81 129th
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 4.606% 92nd
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 6.67% 98th
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 2.678% 78th
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 14.223% 92nd
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 20.349% 98th
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 8.191% 78th
Crude Suicide Rate 29.2 suicides/thousand 4th
Median Age (Total) 32.5 years 90th
Median Age (Female) 33.7 years 83rd
Median Age (Male) 31.2 years 93rd

Sri Lanka Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2017 20,905,335 48.074% 51.926% 333 37 0.44% 58
2015 20,715,010 48.174% 51.826% 330 37 0.46% 57
2010 20,201,311 48.661% 51.339% 322 37 0.56% 58
2005 19,526,406 49.297% 50.703% 311 34 0.74% 54
2000 18,783,745 49.877% 50.123% 299 33 0.7% 52
1995 18,248,435 50.227% 49.773% 290 33 0.68% 49
1990 17,330,817 50.491% 49.509% 276 32 1.2% 48
1985 16,180,776 50.785% 49.215% 258 33 1.43% 45
1980 15,036,562 50.987% 49.013% 239 32 1.57% 43
1975 13,755,990 51.176% 48.824% 219 33 1.86% 43
1970 12,487,493 51.494% 48.506% 199 32 2.07% 43
1965 11,117,685 51.884% 48.116% 177 34 2.38% 43
1960 9,896,171 52.504% 47.496% 157 37 2.33% 45
1955 8,832,541 53.382% 46.618% 140 39 2.15% 44
1950 8,075,810 54.599% 45.401% 128 38 1.54% 44

Sri Lanka Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 21,157,418 47.977% 52.023% 337 37 0.32% 58
2025 21,417,175 47.783% 52.217% 341 38 0.16% 63
2030 21,535,624 47.602% 52.398% 343 38 0.05% 65
2035 21,545,860 47.453% 52.547% 343 41 -0.05% 67
2040 21,446,305 47.335% 52.665% 341 45 -0.17% 71
2045 21,211,333 47.25% 52.75% 338 47 -0.31% 75
2050 20,835,659 47.185% 52.815% 332 48 -0.42% 76
2055 20,361,501 47.277% 52.723% 324 49 -0.51% 76
2060 19,824,326 47.415% 52.585% 316 52 -0.57% 76
2065 19,257,029 47.601% 52.399% 307 52 -0.6% 77
2070 18,671,927 47.831% 52.169% 297 53 -0.64% 77
2075 18,070,827 48.091% 51.909% 288 55 -0.68% 77
2080 17,449,639 48.359% 51.641% 278 59 -0.73% 80
2085 16,810,680 48.601% 51.399% 268 64 -0.77% 82
2090 16,158,108 48.805% 51.195% 257 68 -0.82% 83
2095 15,501,123 48.987% 51.013% 247 68 -0.85% 84
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations