Sudan Population 2018

41,077,366

Sudan, officially the Republic of Sudan but sometimes referred to as North Sudan, sits along the Red Sea south of Egypt and has a population consisting mostly of descendants of migrants from the nearby Arabian Peninsula. Sudan has a total area of 1,886,068 square kilometers (728,215 square miles) and has an estimated 2018 population of 41.51 million, a significant increase from the 34,847,910 estimated in 2013.

Conducting an accurate census has been a challenge in Sudan for several decades due to conflicts in the area, while the South Sudan government has accused Sudan of deliberately manipulating census data in oil-rich regions. Sudan is often referred to as North Sudan as South Sudan seceded in 2011 with the consent of Sudan. The last official census recording the population of Sudan included the populations of Eastern, Western and Northern Sudan in 2008 and recorded over 30 million citizens, which puts present estimates of the population of Sudan post-secession at 41.51 million.

The majority of Sudan's population is rural, with an urban population of just 33.2%. The largest metropolitan area, Khartoum (which includes Khartoum, Khartoum North and Omdurman) is quickly growing and ranges between 6 and 7 million, which includes approximately 2 million displaced people from the southern war zone and the drought-affected areas in the west and east.

Sudan Demographics

Sudanese Arabs account for 70% of the population of Sudan, with the rest of the population being Arabized ethnic groups of Beja, Copts, Nubians and other peoples. There are more than 597 tribes in Sudan speaking more than 400 dialects and languages. Sudan is almost entirely Muslim with most citizens speaking Sudanese Arabic.

Most Arabized and indigenous tribes, such as the Masalit and Zaghawa, who speak Chadian Arabic show very little cultural integration with the rest of the population due to linguistic and cultural differences. The vast majority of the Arab tribes in the country originally migrated to Sudan in the 12th century and then intermarried with indigenous populations and introduced Islam.

The Sudanese Arabs of the Eastern and Northern parts of Sudan are descended mostly from migrants from the Arabian peninsula and some already existing indigenous populations, such as the Nubian people, who share a common history with Egypt. While some pre-Islamic Arabian tribes lived in Sudan from earlier migrations from Western Arabia, most arrived in Sudan after the 12th century.

Sudan also has a young population with 41% of its total population under the age of 15. 20% of Sudanese people are 15 to 24 years old, 31% are between 25 and 54 and just under 4% are 55 to 64 years old. The population over 65 years of age is only 3.3%. Sudan has a very low median age of 18.9 years.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 24 seconds
One death every 2 minutes
One net migrant every 11 minutes
Net gain of one person every 32 seconds

Sudan Population in 2018Source: Bertramz

Sudan Population Pyramid 2018

0k100k200k300k400k500k600kSudan Male Population0k100k200k300k400k500k600kSudan Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Sudan Median Age

19.6


Total

19.4


Male

19.9


Female

Sudan Population by Age

There are 21,242,098 adults in Sudan.

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Sudan Population Growth

The 1983 census put the total population of Sudan (including present-day South Sudan) at 21.6 million, which has increased dramatically over the past twenty years. While Sudan creates many refugees, it also hosts a sizable refugee population with over 310,000 people seeking asylum or refuge in Sudan in 2007.

Sudan's population growth rate has declined steadily for the past ten years with a current growth rate of 1.83%. Still, the country has a young population and a high total fertility rate of 4.05 children born per woman, as well as a very low contraceptive prevalence rate of just 9%. Despite a high infant mortality rate and one of the world's highest maternal mortality rates, Sudan is still above replacement level fertility and the population is expected to continue rising.

If trends continue, Sudan is expected to have a population of 42.7 million by 2025 that grows rapidly to 59 million by 2050.

About Sudan

Official NameRepublic of the Sudan
Languages SpokenArabic, English
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude1530
Currencies UsedSudan Pound
DemonymSudanese

Sudan Population Density

Sudan Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Khartoum1,974,647
Omdurman1,200,000
Nyala565,734
Port Sudan489,725
Kassala401,477
El Obeid393,311
Al Qadarif363,945
Kosti345,068
Wad Medani332,714
El Daein264,734
El Fasher252,609
Singa250,000
Ad-Damazin186,051
Geneina162,981
Rabak135,281
Sinnar130,122
Al Manaqil128,297
Gereida120,000
An Nuhud108,008
Atbara107,930

Sudan Population Clock

The population of Sudan (as of 1/20/2018)?41,077,366
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)41,511,526
Births Per Day3,643
Deaths Per Day826
Net Migrations Per Day -137
Net Change Per Day 2,680
Population Change Since January 1st50,920

Sudan Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 32.372 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 7.34 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -1.217 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 64.76 years
Male Life Expectancy 63.14 years
Female Life Expectancy 66.41 years
Total Fertility Rate 4.434 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.931 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.04 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 43.893 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 66.718 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.016 years
Rate of Natural Increase 25.032

Sudan Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201841,511,52649.98%50.02%22.01352.41%
201538,647,80349.95%50.05%20.49352.36%
201034,385,96349.88%50.12%18.23352.15%
200530,911,91450.14%49.86%16.39362.55%
200027,250,53550.15%49.85%14.45372.49%
199524,102,98650.15%49.85%12.78373.65%
199020,147,59050.15%49.85%10.68423.20%
198517,210,18750.12%49.88%9.12433.48%
198014,507,46850.09%49.91%7.69473.62%
197512,144,13550.06%49.94%6.44503.39%
197010,281,70050.01%49.99%5.45513.23%
19658,770,09749.97%50.03%4.65543.06%
19607,544,49149.95%50.05%4.00592.87%
19556,549,29849.94%50.06%3.47622.70%
19505,733,78949.96%50.04%3.04620.00%

Sudan Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202043,541,20350.00%50.00%23.09340.00%
202548,999,71150.03%49.97%25.98312.39%
203054,842,47850.04%49.96%29.08292.28%
203560,996,11050.04%49.96%32.34272.15%
204067,357,46450.03%49.97%35.71272.00%
204573,834,91750.01%49.99%39.15251.85%
205080,385,60749.98%50.02%42.62231.71%
205586,991,22149.95%50.05%46.12231.59%
206093,616,43949.90%50.10%49.64231.48%
2065100,199,79149.85%50.15%53.13221.37%
2070106,641,64449.79%50.21%56.54221.25%
2075112,828,23849.72%50.28%59.82221.13%
2080118,689,32649.64%50.36%62.93211.02%
2085124,210,43549.58%50.42%65.86210.91%
2090129,394,70349.52%50.48%68.61200.82%
2095134,208,98449.47%50.53%71.16200.73%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer