Sudan Population 2017

40,603,572

Sudan, officially the Republic of Sudan but sometimes referred to as North Sudan, sits along the Red Sea south of Egypt and has a population consisting mostly of descendants of migrants from the nearby Arabian Peninsula. Sudan has a total area of 1,886,068 square kilometers (728,215 square miles) and has an estimated 2017 population of 40.53 million, a significant increase from the 34,847,910 estimated in 2013.

Conducting an accurate census has been a challenge in Sudan for several decades due to conflicts in the area, while the South Sudan government has accused Sudan of deliberately manipulating census data in oil-rich regions. Sudan is often referred to as North Sudan as South Sudan seceded in 2011 with the consent of Sudan. The last official census recording the population of Sudan included the populations of Eastern, Western and Northern Sudan in 2008 and recorded over 30 million citizens, which puts present estimates of the population of Sudan post-secession at 40.53 million.

The majority of Sudan's population is rural, with an urban population of just 33.2%. The largest metropolitan area, Khartoum (which includes Khartoum, Khartoum North and Omdurman) is quickly growing and ranges between 6 and 7 million, which includes approximately 2 million displaced people from the southern war zone and the drought-affected areas in the west and east.

Sudan Demographics

Sudanese Arabs account for 70% of the population of Sudan, with the rest of the population being Arabized ethnic groups of Beja, Copts, Nubians and other peoples. There are more than 597 tribes in Sudan speaking more than 400 dialects and languages. Sudan is almost entirely Muslim with most citizens speaking Sudanese Arabic.

Most Arabized and indigenous tribes, such as the Masalit and Zaghawa, who speak Chadian Arabic show very little cultural integration with the rest of the population due to linguistic and cultural differences. The vast majority of the Arab tribes in the country originally migrated to Sudan in the 12th century and then intermarried with indigenous populations and introduced Islam.

The Sudanese Arabs of the Eastern and Northern parts of Sudan are descended mostly from migrants from the Arabian peninsula and some already existing indigenous populations, such as the Nubian people, who share a common history with Egypt. While some pre-Islamic Arabian tribes lived in Sudan from earlier migrations from Western Arabia, most arrived in Sudan after the 12th century.

Sudan also has a young population with 41% of its total population under the age of 15. 20% of Sudanese people are 15 to 24 years old, 31% are between 25 and 54 and just under 4% are 55 to 64 years old. The population over 65 years of age is only 3.3%. Sudan has a very low median age of 18.9 years.

Sudan Population in 2018Source: Bertramz

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Sudan Population Growth

The 1983 census put the total population of Sudan (including present-day South Sudan) at 21.6 million, which has increased dramatically over the past twenty years. While Sudan creates many refugees, it also hosts a sizable refugee population with over 310,000 people seeking asylum or refuge in Sudan in 2007.

Sudan's population growth rate has declined steadily for the past ten years with a current growth rate of 1.83%. Still, the country has a young population and a high total fertility rate of 4.05 children born per woman, as well as a very low contraceptive prevalence rate of just 9%. Despite a high infant mortality rate and one of the world's highest maternal mortality rates, Sudan is still above replacement level fertility and the population is expected to continue rising.

If trends continue, Sudan is expected to have a population of 42.7 million by 2025 that grows rapidly to 59 million by 2050.

About Sudan

Official NameRepublic of the Sudan
Languages SpokenArabic, English
BordersCAF, TCD, EGY, ERI, ETH, LBY, SSD
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude1530
Currencies UsedSDG

Sudan Population Density

Name Population
Khartoum1,974,647
Omdurman1,200,000
Port Sudan489,725
Kassala401,477
El Obeid393,311
Al Qadarif363,945
Kosti345,068
Wad Medani332,714
El Daein264,734
El Fasher252,609
Ad-Damazin186,051
Geneina162,981
Rabak135,281
Sinnar130,122
Al Manaqil128,297
An Nuhud108,008
Atbara107,930
Ed Damer103,941
Kadugli87,666
Ad Douiem87,068
Umm Ruwaba55,742
Shendi53,568
Singa44,626
Dilling37,113
As Suki33,524
Ar Ruseris28,862
Al Hasaheisa28,735
Maiurno28,727
Zalingei28,687
Sawakin28,570
Tandalti27,275
Ar Rahad26,273
Kinana26,233
Al Hawatah24,513
Berber22,395
Tokar22,250
Abu Jibeha21,790
Al Mijlad19,997
Doka19,821
Kuraymah19,593
El Bauga19,141
Al Qitena18,321
Al Hilaliyya17,345
Barah16,969
Abu Zabad15,304
Ad Dindar15,144
Dongola13,473
Talodi13,188
Aroma12,708
Marabba12,108
Wagar11,950
Ad Dabbah11,626
El Matama11,366
Al Fulah11,238
Gebeit11,095
Al Lagowa11,024
Umm Kaddadah10,979
Kurmuk10,375
Wad Rawah10,348
Marawi10,234
Al Kawa10,167
Kutum9,849
Al Kiremit al `Arakiyyin9,775
Jalqani9,472
Al Masallamiyya9,373
Wad az Zaki9,271
Um Jar Al Gharbiyya9,038
Argo7,716
Nyala

Sudan Population Clock

What is the population of Sudan (as of 11/15/2017)?40,603,572
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)40,533,330
Births Per Day738
Deaths Per Day174
Net Migrations Per Day -55
Net Change Per Day 509
Population Change Since January 1st162,371

Sudan Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 31.868 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 7.507 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.468 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 64.162 years
Male Life Expectancy 62.602 years
Female Life Expectancy 65.756 years
Total Fertility Rate 4.158 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.788 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.04 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 48.776 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 74.467 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.004 years
Rate of Natural Increase 24.192
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 16.061%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 17.43%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 14.646%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 29.071%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 31.923%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 26.149%
Median Age (Total) 19.6 years
Median Age (Female) 19.9 years
Median Age (Male) 19.4 years

Sudan Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
201740,533,33049.98%50.02%212.41%
201538,647,80349.95%50.05%202.36%
201034,385,96349.88%50.12%182.15%
200530,911,91450.14%49.86%162.55%
200027,250,53550.15%49.85%142.49%
199524,102,98650.15%49.85%133.65%
199020,147,59050.15%49.85%113.20%
198517,210,18750.12%49.88%93.48%
198014,507,46850.09%49.91%83.62%
197512,144,13550.06%49.94%63.39%
197010,281,70050.01%49.99%53.23%
19658,770,09749.97%50.03%53.06%
19607,544,49149.95%50.05%42.87%
19556,549,29849.94%50.06%32.70%
19505,733,78949.96%50.04%30.00%

Sudan Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
202043,541,20350.00%50.00%230.00%
202548,999,71150.03%49.97%262.39%
203054,842,47850.04%49.96%292.28%
203560,996,11050.04%49.96%322.15%
204067,357,46450.03%49.97%362.00%
204573,834,91750.01%49.99%391.85%
205080,385,60749.98%50.02%431.71%
205586,991,22149.95%50.05%461.59%
206093,616,43949.90%50.10%501.48%
2065100,199,79149.85%50.15%531.37%
2070106,641,64449.79%50.21%571.25%
2075112,828,23849.72%50.28%601.13%
2080118,689,32649.64%50.36%631.02%
2085124,210,43549.58%50.42%660.91%
2090129,394,70349.52%50.48%690.82%
2095134,208,98449.47%50.53%710.73%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer