Sudan Population 2017

42,203,989

Conducting an accurate census has been a challenge in Sudan for several decades due to conflicts in the area, while the South Sudan government has accused Sudan of deliberately manipulating census data in oil-rich regions. Sudan is often referred to as North Sudan as South Sudan seceded in 2011 with the consent of Sudan. The last official census recording the population of Sudan included the populations of Eastern, Western and Northern Sudan in 2008 and recorded over 30 million citizens, which puts present estimates of the population of Sudan post-secession at 39.1 million.

The majority of Sudan's population is rural, with an urban population of just 33.2%. The largest metropolitan area, Khartoum (which includes Khartoum, Khartoum North and Omdurman) is quickly growing and ranges between 6 and 7 million, which includes approximately 2 million displaced people from the southern war zone and the drought-affected areas in the west and east.

Sudan Demographics

Sudanese Arabs account for 70% of the population of Sudan, with the rest of the population being Arabized ethnic groups of Beja, Copts, Nubians and other peoples. There are more than 597 tribes in Sudan speaking more than 400 dialects and languages. Sudan is almost entirely Muslim with most citizens speaking Sudanese Arabic.

Most Arabized and indigenous tribes, such as the Masalit and Zaghawa, who speak Chadian Arabic show very little cultural integration with the rest of the population due to linguistic and cultural differences. The vast majority of the Arab tribes in the country originally migrated to Sudan in the 12th century and then intermarried with indigenous populations and introduced Islam.

The Sudanese Arabs of the Eastern and Northern parts of Sudan are descended mostly from migrants from the Arabian peninsula and some already existing indigenous populations, such as the Nubian people, who share a common history with Egypt. While some pre-Islamic Arabian tribes lived in Sudan from earlier migrations from Western Arabia, most arrived in Sudan after the 12th century.

Sudan also has a young population with 41% of its total population under the age of 15. 20% of Sudanese people are 15 to 24 years old, 31% are between 25 and 54 and just under 4% are 55 to 64 years old. The population over 65 years of age is only 3.3%. Sudan has a very low median age of 18.9 years.

Sudan Population in 2017Source: Bertramz

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Sudan Population Growth

The 1983 census put the total population of Sudan (including present-day South Sudan) at 21.6 million, which has increased dramatically over the past twenty years. While Sudan creates many refugees, it also hosts a sizable refugee population with over 310,000 people seeking asylum or refuge in Sudan in 2007.

Sudan's population growth rate has declined steadily for the past ten years with a current growth rate of 1.83%. Still, the country has a young population and a high total fertility rate of 4.05 children born per woman, as well as a very low contraceptive prevalence rate of just 9%. Despite a high infant mortality rate and one of the world's highest maternal mortality rates, Sudan is still above replacement level fertility and the population is expected to continue rising.

If trends continue, Sudan is expected to have a population of 42.7 million by 2025 that grows rapidly to 59 million by 2050.

About Sudan

Official NameRepublic of the Sudan
Languages SpokenEnglish, Arabic
BordersCAF, TCD, EGY, ERI, ETH, LBY, SSD
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude1530
Currencies UsedSDG

Sudan Population Density

Name Population
Nyala
El Fula
Argo7,716
Um Jar Al Gharbiyya9,038
Wad az Zaki9,271
Al Masallamiyya9,373
Jalqani9,472
Al Kiremit al `Arakiyyin9,775
Kutum9,849
Al Kawa10,167
Merowe10,234
Wad Rawah10,348
Kurmuk10,375
Umm Kaddadah10,979
Al Lagowa11,024
Gebeit11,095
Al Fulah11,238
El Matama11,366
Ad Dabbah11,626
Wagar11,950
Marabba12,108
Aroma12,708
Talodi13,188
Dongola13,473
Ad Dindar15,144
Abu Zabad15,304
Barah16,969
Al Hilaliyya17,345
Al Qitena18,321
El Bauga19,141
Kuraymah19,593
Doka19,821
Al Mijlad19,997
Abu Jibeha21,790
Tokar22,250
Berber22,395
Al Hawatah24,513
Kinana26,233
Ar Rahad26,273
Tandalti27,275
Sawakin28,570
Zalingei28,687
Maiurno28,727
Al Hasaheisa28,735
Ar Ruseris28,862
As Suki33,524
Dilling37,113
Shendi53,568
Umm Ruwaba55,742
Ad Douiem87,068
Kadugli87,666
Ed Damer103,941
Atbara107,930
An Nuhud108,008
Al Manaqil128,297
Sinnar130,122
Rabak135,281
Geneina162,981
Ad-Damazin186,051
Singa250,000
El Fasher252,609
El Daein264,734
Wad Medani332,714
Kosti345,068
Al Qadarif363,945
El Obeid393,311
Kassala401,477
Port Sudan489,725
Omdurman1,200,000
Khartoum1,974,647

Sudan Population Clock

What is the population of Sudan (as of September 13, 2017)?42,203,989
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)42166323
Births Per Day738
Deaths Per Day174
Net Migrations Per Day -55
Net Change Per Day 509
Population Change Since January 1st129,795

Sudan Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 31.868 births/thousand38
Crude Death Rate 7.507 deaths/thousand100
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.468 people/thousand102
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 64.162 years164
Male Life Expectancy 62.602 years162
Female Life Expectancy 65.756 years166
Total Fertility Rate 4.158 children/woman35
Net Reproduction Rate 1.788 surviving daughters/woman38
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.04 males per female146
Infant Mortality Rate 48.776 deaths/1,000 live births31
Under Five Mortality 74.467 deaths/thousand27
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.004 years107
Rate of Natural Increase 24.192 35
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 16.061 %167
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 17.43 %170
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 14.646 %166
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 29.071 %164
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 31.923 %162
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 26.149 %161
Crude Suicide Rate 11.5 suicides/thousand55
Median Age (Total) 19.6 years181
Median Age (Female) 19.9 years182
Median Age (Male) 19.4 years179

Sudan Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
201742,166,32350.203%49.797%231862.41%33
201540,234,88250.198%49.802%221862.31%33
201036,114,88550.173%49.827%201862.2%34
200531,990,00250.173%49.827%181872.53%36
200028,079,66450.192%49.808%151882.55%37
199524,691,97050.21%49.79%131883.09%37
199020,008,80450.211%49.789%111914.17%42
198517,097,61950.205%49.795%91943%43
198014,418,06350.195%49.805%81933.53%47
197512,075,84150.182%49.818%61963.5%50
197010,232,75850.168%49.832%51953.23%51
19658,738,70350.161%49.839%41963.09%54
19607,527,45050.172%49.828%41922.91%59
19556,542,58350.205%49.795%31972.73%62
19505,733,94450.283%49.717%31922.58%62

Sudan Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
202045,308,39950.205%49.795%251832.33%33
202550,740,33950.199%49.801%281822.19%31
203056,442,99250.184%49.816%311802.04%29
203562,330,77850.161%49.839%351811.89%26
204068,310,51050.13%49.87%381811.74%25
204574,307,34850.093%49.907%421761.6%24
205080,283,80950.05%49.95%451751.47%23
205586,211,71350%50%481721.35%23
206092,015,42349.945%50.055%521681.23%23
206597,630,40449.882%50.118%551631.11%22
2070102,980,01549.817%50.183%581611%21
2075108,002,18649.757%50.243%611610.88%21
2080112,636,25049.693%50.307%631600.78%20
2085116,893,42549.642%50.358%661550.69%21
2090120,776,59149.596%50.404%681550.6%20
2095124,250,58549.564%50.436%701520.52%20
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations