Sudan Population 2017

[[getCurrentPopulation()]]

Sudan, officially the Republic of Sudan but sometimes referred to as North Sudan, sits along the Red Sea south of Egypt and has a population consisting mostly of descendants of migrants from the nearby Arabian Peninsula. Sudan has a total area of 1,886,068 square kilometers (728,215 square miles) and has an estimated 2014 population of 39,105,664, a significant increase from the 34,847,910 estimated in 2013.

Conducting an accurate census has been a challenge in Sudan for several decades due to conflicts in the area, while the South Sudan government has accused Sudan of deliberately manipulating census data in oil-rich regions. Sudan is often referred to as North Sudan as South Sudan seceded in 2011 with the consent of Sudan. The last official census recording the population of Sudan included the populations of Eastern, Western and Northern Sudan in 2008 and recorded over 30 million citizens, which puts present estimates of the population of Sudan post-secession at 39.1 million.

The majority of Sudan's population is rural, with an urban population of just 33.2%. The largest metropolitan area, Khartoum (which includes Khartoum, Khartoum North and Omdurman) is quickly growing and ranges between 6 and 7 million, which includes approximately 2 million displaced people from the southern war zone and the drought-affected areas in the west and east.

Sudan Demographics

Sudanese Arabs account for 70% of the population of Sudan, with the rest of the population being Arabized ethnic groups of Beja, Copts, Nubians and other peoples. There are more than 597 tribes in Sudan speaking more than 400 dialects and languages. Sudan is almost entirely Muslim with most citizens speaking Sudanese Arabic.

Most Arabized and indigenous tribes, such as the Masalit and Zaghawa, who speak Chadian Arabic show very little cultural integration with the rest of the population due to linguistic and cultural differences. The vast majority of the Arab tribes in the country originally migrated to Sudan in the 12th century and then intermarried with indigenous populations and introduced Islam.

The Sudanese Arabs of the Eastern and Northern parts of Sudan are descended mostly from migrants from the Arabian peninsula and some already existing indigenous populations, such as the Nubian people, who share a common history with Egypt. While some pre-Islamic Arabian tribes lived in Sudan from earlier migrations from Western Arabia, most arrived in Sudan after the 12th century.

Sudan also has a young population with 41% of its total population under the age of 15. 20% of Sudanese people are 15 to 24 years old, 31% are between 25 and 54 and just under 4% are 55 to 64 years old. The population over 65 years of age is only 3.3%. Sudan has a very low median age of 18.9 years.

Sudan Population in 2017 Source: Bertramz

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Sudan Population Growth

The 1983 census put the total population of Sudan (including present-day South Sudan) at 21.6 million, which has increased dramatically over the past twenty years. While Sudan creates many refugees, it also hosts a sizable refugee population with over 310,000 people seeking asylum or refuge in Sudan in 2007.

Sudan's population growth rate has declined steadily for the past ten years with a current growth rate of 1.83%. Still, the country has a young population and a high total fertility rate of 4.05 children born per woman, as well as a very low contraceptive prevalence rate of just 9%. Despite a high infant mortality rate and one of the world's highest maternal mortality rates, Sudan is still above replacement level fertility and the population is expected to continue rising.

If trends continue, Sudan is expected to have a population of 42.7 million by 2025 that grows rapidly to 59 million by 2050.

Sudan Population Density

About Sudan

Official Name Republic of the Sudan
Languages Spoken English, Arabic
Borders CAF, TCD, EGY, ERI, ETH, LBY, SSD
Is Landlocked No
Latitude/Longitude 15,30
Currencies Used SDG

Sudan Population Clock

What is the population of Sudan (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 730
Deaths Per Day 172
Net Migrations Per Day -55
Net Change Per Day 503
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Sudan Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 32.249 births/thousand 39th
Crude Death Rate 7.579 deaths/thousand 96th
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.468 people/thousand 102nd
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 63.955 years 164th
Life Expectancy (Male) 62.422 years 161st
Life Expectancy (Female) 65.521 years 166th
Total Fertility Rate 4.221 children/woman 35th
Net Reproduction Rate 1.788 surviving daughters/woman 38th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.04 males per female 146th
Infant Mortality Rate 49.715 deaths/1,000 live births 31st
Under Five Mortality 75.915 deaths/thousand 29th
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.004 years 107th
Rate of Natural Increase 24.192 35th
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 16.061% 167th
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 17.43% 170th
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 14.646% 166th
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 29.071% 167th
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 31.923% 170th
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 26.149% 166th
Crude Suicide Rate 11.5 suicides/thousand 55th
Median Age (Total) 19.6 years 181st
Median Age (Female) 19.9 years 182nd
Median Age (Male) 19.4 years 179th

Sudan Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2017 42,166,323 50.203% 49.797% 23 186 2.41% 33
2015 40,234,882 50.198% 49.802% 22 186 2.31% 33
2010 36,114,885 50.173% 49.827% 20 186 2.2% 34
2005 31,990,002 50.173% 49.827% 18 187 2.53% 36
2000 28,079,664 50.192% 49.808% 15 188 2.55% 37
1995 24,691,970 50.21% 49.79% 13 188 3.09% 37
1990 20,008,804 50.211% 49.789% 11 191 4.17% 42
1985 17,097,619 50.205% 49.795% 9 194 3% 43
1980 14,418,063 50.195% 49.805% 8 193 3.53% 47
1975 12,075,841 50.182% 49.818% 6 196 3.5% 50
1970 10,232,758 50.168% 49.832% 5 195 3.23% 51
1965 8,738,703 50.161% 49.839% 4 196 3.09% 54
1960 7,527,450 50.172% 49.828% 4 192 2.91% 59
1955 6,542,583 50.205% 49.795% 3 197 2.73% 62
1950 5,733,944 50.283% 49.717% 3 192 2.58% 62

Sudan Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 45,308,399 50.205% 49.795% 25 183 2.33% 33
2025 50,740,339 50.199% 49.801% 28 182 2.19% 31
2030 56,442,992 50.184% 49.816% 31 180 2.04% 29
2035 62,330,778 50.161% 49.839% 35 181 1.89% 26
2040 68,310,510 50.13% 49.87% 38 181 1.74% 25
2045 74,307,348 50.093% 49.907% 42 176 1.6% 24
2050 80,283,809 50.05% 49.95% 45 175 1.47% 23
2055 86,211,713 50% 50% 48 172 1.35% 23
2060 92,015,423 49.945% 50.055% 52 168 1.23% 23
2065 97,630,404 49.882% 50.118% 55 163 1.11% 22
2070 102,980,015 49.817% 50.183% 58 161 1% 21
2075 108,002,186 49.757% 50.243% 61 161 0.88% 21
2080 112,636,250 49.693% 50.307% 63 160 0.78% 20
2085 116,893,425 49.642% 50.358% 66 155 0.69% 21
2090 120,776,591 49.596% 50.404% 68 155 0.6% 20
2095 124,250,585 49.564% 50.436% 70 152 0.52% 20
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations