Swaziland Population 2017

1,320,726

Swaziland has just 17,300 square kilometers of land (157th in the world), with an estimated population of 1,106,000. This is a moderate increase from the 2007 census, which found 1,018,000 residents in the country. There are about 68 people per square kilometer in Swaziland, which ranks 135th in the world.

There is only one city with a population over 100,000: Manzini, with an estimated 2005 population of 110,500. The next largest city, and only city over 10,000, is Mbabane with 76,000.

Approximately 21% of the population lives in urban areas.

Swaziland Demographics

The population of Swaziland is mostly ethnic Swazis, who speak siSwati, along with a small amount of Zulu and White Africans, who are mostly of British and Afrikaner descent. While the Swazi have traditionally been farmers and herders, many now work in government, the urban economy, and even mines in South Africa.

Swaziland faces several health issues, including HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis. The country has a median age of 20.5 years with a life expectancy of just 31.88 years, the lowest documented life expectancy in the world and less than half the world average.

Swaziland Population in 2017Source: Jacques

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Swaziland Population Growth

Swaziland faces several challenges, including the lowest life expectancy in the world, which holds its growth back. Despite an abundance of natural resources -- including quarry stone, small diamond and gold deposits and coal --and a high literacy rate compared to other African countries, 69% of Swaziland's population lives below the poverty line. Swaziland also has the highest HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate (26%) in the world. There are also issues with excessive hunting, overgrazing, soil degradation, and limited potable water. The country is currently growing at a rate of 1.5% per year in the face of these problems.

About Swaziland

Official NameKingdom of Swaziland
Languages SpokenSwazi, English
BordersMOZ, ZAF
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude-26.531.5
Currencies UsedSZL

Swaziland Population Density

Name Population
Hlatikulu2,748
Lobamba4,557
Piggs Peak5,750
Siteki6,152
Hluti6,763
Mhlume8,652
Nhlangano9,016
Malkerns9,724
Big Bend10,342
Mbabane76,218
Manzini110,537

Swaziland Population Clock

What is the population of Swaziland (as of September 13, 2017)?1,320,726
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)1320356
Births Per Day21
Deaths Per Day11
Net Migrations Per Day -5
Net Change Per Day 5
Population Change Since January 1st1,275

Swaziland Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 28.542 births/thousand47
Crude Death Rate 14.711 deaths/thousand5
Crude Net Migration Rate -1.507 people/thousand143
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 48.844 years201
Male Life Expectancy 49.639 years201
Female Life Expectancy 47.858 years201
Total Fertility Rate 3.086 children/woman60
Net Reproduction Rate 1.215 surviving daughters/woman73
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female160
Infant Mortality Rate 58.381 deaths/1,000 live births20
Under Five Mortality 81.17 deaths/thousand23
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.022 years152
Rate of Natural Increase 13.462 86
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 37.509 %201
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 32.421 %201
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 42.411 %201
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 66.402 %201
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 64.7 %201
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 68.588 %201
Crude Suicide Rate 5.3 suicides/thousand109
Median Age (Total) 21.4 years171
Median Age (Female) 21.7 years171
Median Age (Male) 21.2 years170

Swaziland Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20171,320,35649.555%50.445%761301.18%154
20151,286,97049.453%50.547%741321.32%155
20101,193,14849.159%50.841%691321.61%156
20051,104,64248.875%51.125%641301.22%154
20001,063,71548.411%51.589%611271.03%154
1995963,42848.09%51.91%561312.16%154
1990862,72847.162%52.838%501312.8%154
1985705,49247.214%52.786%411364.07%156
1980603,37347.485%52.515%351372.93%157
1975517,10047.501%52.499%301403.08%159
1970445,84447.466%52.534%251412.85%159
1965391,65947.76%52.24%221432.43%158
1960349,23348.407%51.593%201412.35%157
1955307,24948.428%51.572%171432.61%157
1950273,00048.618%51.382%151432.16%158

Swaziland Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20201,366,26649.692%50.308%791311.08%154
20251,438,41449.889%50.111%831280.96%154
20301,506,69150.013%49.987%871300.9%154
20351,576,09850.073%49.927%911290.9%154
20401,648,16450.075%49.925%951260.89%154
20451,721,59650.014%49.986%1001200.84%153
20501,792,19849.893%50.107%1041150.75%154
20551,857,26249.725%50.275%1071140.65%153
20601,915,12249.523%50.477%1111160.55%151
20651,964,68349.31%50.69%1141150.45%151
20702,005,11649.112%50.888%1161170.35%151
20752,036,53348.952%51.048%1181160.25%151
20802,059,05048.836%51.164%1191160.17%151
20852,073,86448.759%51.241%1201150.1%149
20902,082,07448.707%51.293%1211150.05%146
20952,084,69948.676%51.324%1211150%146
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations