Swaziland Population 2018

1,388,571

Swaziland, officially the Kingdom of Swaziland is a sovereign state in Southern Africa bordered by South Africa and Mozambique. Swaziland is one of Africa's smallest countries yet has an estimated 2018 population of 1.39 million, which ranks 155th in the world.

Swaziland has just 17,300 square kilometers of land (157th in the world), with an estimated population of 1,106,000. This is a moderate increase from the 2007 census, which found 1,018,000 residents in the country. There are about 68 people per square kilometer in Swaziland, which ranks 135th in the world.

There is only one city with a population over 100,000: Manzini, with an estimated 2005 population of 110,500. The next largest city, and only city over 10,000, is Mbabane with 76,000.

Approximately 21% of the population lives in urban areas.

Swaziland Demographics

The population of Swaziland is mostly ethnic Swazis, who speak siSwati, along with a small amount of Zulu and White Africans, who are mostly of British and Afrikaner descent. While the Swazi have traditionally been farmers and herders, many now work in government, the urban economy, and even mines in South Africa.

Swaziland faces several health issues, including HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis. The country has a median age of 20.5 years with a life expectancy of just 31.88 years, the lowest documented life expectancy in the world and less than half the world average.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 13 minutes
One death every 41 minutes
One net migrant every 288 minutes
Net gain of one person every 22 minutes

Swaziland Population in 2018Source: Jacques

Swaziland Population Pyramid 2018

0k5k10k15k20kSwaziland Male Population0k5k10k15k20kSwaziland Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Swaziland Median Age

21.4


Total

21.2


Male

21.7


Female

Swaziland Population by Age

There are 769,343 adults in Swaziland.

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Swaziland Population Growth

Swaziland faces several challenges, including the lowest life expectancy in the world, which holds its growth back. Despite an abundance of natural resources -- including quarry stone, small diamond and gold deposits and coal --and a high literacy rate compared to other African countries, 69% of Swaziland's population lives below the poverty line. Swaziland also has the highest HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate (26%) in the world. There are also issues with excessive hunting, overgrazing, soil degradation, and limited potable water. The country is currently growing at a rate of 1.5% per year in the face of these problems.

About Swaziland

Official NameKingdom of Swaziland
Languages SpokenEnglish, Swazi
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude-26.531.5
Currencies UsedSwaziland Lilangeni
DemonymSwazi

Countries Bordering Swaziland

Mozambique
South Africa

Swaziland Population Density

Swaziland Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Manzini110,537
Mbabane76,218
Big Bend10,342
Malkerns9,724
Nhlangano9,016
Mhlume8,652
Hluti6,763
Siteki6,152
Piggs Peak5,750
Lobamba4,557
Hlatikulu2,748

Swaziland Population Clock

The population of Swaziland (as of 5/19/2018)?1,388,571
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)1,391,385
Births Per Day107
Deaths Per Day35
Net Migrations Per Day -5
Net Change Per Day 67
Population Change Since January 1st9,313

Swaziland Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 28.22 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 9.327 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -1.45 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 58.47 years
Male Life Expectancy 55.25 years
Female Life Expectancy 61.41 years
Total Fertility Rate 3.014 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.327 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 43.55 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 55.384 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 27.771 years
Rate of Natural Increase 18.893

Swaziland Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20181,391,38548.41%51.59%80.131531.76%
20171,367,25448.43%51.57%78.741541.80%
20161,343,09848.44%51.56%77.351541.83%
20151,319,01148.46%51.54%75.961541.86%
20101,202,84348.49%51.51%69.271561.70%
20051,105,87348.39%51.61%63.691540.82%
20001,061,46848.12%51.88%61.131542.01%
1995960,79247.95%52.05%55.331542.21%
1990861,37347.11%52.89%49.611544.09%
1985705,08547.21%52.79%40.611563.16%
1980603,37247.48%52.52%34.751573.14%
1975517,02447.50%52.50%29.781593.01%
1970445,72947.47%52.53%25.671592.63%
1965391,54647.76%52.24%22.551582.32%
1960349,17448.41%51.59%20.111572.59%
1955307,22648.43%51.57%17.691572.39%
1950273,00348.62%51.38%15.721580.00%

Swaziland Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20201,439,29548.39%51.61%82.891530.00%
20251,555,33248.35%51.65%89.571541.56%
20301,666,43548.34%51.66%95.971551.39%
20351,774,68548.37%51.63%102.201541.27%
20401,881,37048.42%51.58%108.351541.17%
20451,984,60848.48%51.52%114.291521.07%
20502,081,03648.52%51.48%119.851520.95%
20552,168,27548.54%51.46%124.871520.82%
20602,244,41448.54%51.46%129.261520.69%
20652,308,86748.51%51.49%132.971510.57%
20702,361,47648.47%51.53%136.001480.45%
20752,402,38848.44%51.56%138.351480.34%
20802,432,12748.42%51.58%140.071460.25%
20852,451,56148.41%51.59%141.191440.16%
20902,461,83448.41%51.59%141.781440.08%
20952,463,54548.41%51.59%141.881440.01%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1956, 1966, 1976, 1986 and 1997 censuses adjusted for underenumeration, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration. Results from the 2007 census have been considered.

  2. GeoNames Gazetteer