Swaziland Population 2017

1,367,944

Swaziland, officially the Kingdom of Swaziland is a sovereign state in Southern Africa bordered by South Africa and Mozambique. Swaziland is one of Africa's smallest countries yet has an estimated 2017 population of 1.37 million, which ranks 155th in the world.

Swaziland has just 17,300 square kilometers of land (157th in the world), with an estimated population of 1,106,000. This is a moderate increase from the 2007 census, which found 1,018,000 residents in the country. There are about 68 people per square kilometer in Swaziland, which ranks 135th in the world.

There is only one city with a population over 100,000: Manzini, with an estimated 2005 population of 110,500. The next largest city, and only city over 10,000, is Mbabane with 76,000.

Approximately 21% of the population lives in urban areas.

Swaziland Demographics

The population of Swaziland is mostly ethnic Swazis, who speak siSwati, along with a small amount of Zulu and White Africans, who are mostly of British and Afrikaner descent. While the Swazi have traditionally been farmers and herders, many now work in government, the urban economy, and even mines in South Africa.

Swaziland faces several health issues, including HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis. The country has a median age of 20.5 years with a life expectancy of just 31.88 years, the lowest documented life expectancy in the world and less than half the world average.

Swaziland Population in 2018Source: Jacques

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Swaziland Population Growth

Swaziland faces several challenges, including the lowest life expectancy in the world, which holds its growth back. Despite an abundance of natural resources -- including quarry stone, small diamond and gold deposits and coal --and a high literacy rate compared to other African countries, 69% of Swaziland's population lives below the poverty line. Swaziland also has the highest HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate (26%) in the world. There are also issues with excessive hunting, overgrazing, soil degradation, and limited potable water. The country is currently growing at a rate of 1.5% per year in the face of these problems.

About Swaziland

Official NameKingdom of Swaziland
Languages SpokenSwazi, English
BordersMOZ, ZAF
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude-26.531.5
Currencies UsedSZL

Swaziland Population Density

Name Population
Manzini110,537
Mbabane76,218
Big Bend10,342
Malkerns9,724
Mhlume8,652
Hluti6,763
Siteki6,152
Piggs Peak5,750
Lobamba4,557
Hlatikulu2,748

Swaziland Population Clock

What is the population of Swaziland (as of 11/15/2017)?1,367,944
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)1,367,254
Births Per Day21
Deaths Per Day11
Net Migrations Per Day -5
Net Change Per Day 5
Population Change Since January 1st1,595

Swaziland Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 28.542 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 14.711 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -1.507 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 48.844 years
Male Life Expectancy 49.639 years
Female Life Expectancy 47.858 years
Total Fertility Rate 3.086 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.215 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 58.381 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 81.17 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.022 years
Rate of Natural Increase 13.462
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 37.509%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 32.421%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 42.411%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 66.402%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 64.7%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 68.588%
Median Age (Total) 21.4 years
Median Age (Female) 21.7 years
Median Age (Male) 21.2 years

Swaziland Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20171,367,25448.43%51.57%791.81%
20151,319,01148.46%51.54%761.86%
20101,202,84348.49%51.51%691.70%
20051,105,87348.39%51.61%640.82%
20001,061,46848.12%51.88%612.01%
1995960,79247.95%52.05%552.21%
1990861,37347.11%52.89%504.09%
1985705,08547.21%52.79%413.16%
1980603,37247.48%52.52%353.14%
1975517,02447.50%52.50%303.01%
1970445,72947.47%52.53%262.63%
1965391,54647.76%52.24%232.32%
1960349,17448.41%51.59%202.59%
1955307,22648.43%51.57%182.39%
1950273,00348.62%51.38%160.00%

Swaziland Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20201,439,29548.39%51.61%830.00%
20251,555,33248.35%51.65%901.56%
20301,666,43548.34%51.66%961.39%
20351,774,68548.37%51.63%1021.27%
20401,881,37048.42%51.58%1081.17%
20451,984,60848.48%51.52%1141.07%
20502,081,03648.52%51.48%1200.95%
20552,168,27548.54%51.46%1250.82%
20602,244,41448.54%51.46%1290.69%
20652,308,86748.51%51.49%1330.57%
20702,361,47648.47%51.53%1360.45%
20752,402,38848.44%51.56%1380.34%
20802,432,12748.42%51.58%1400.25%
20852,451,56148.41%51.59%1410.16%
20902,461,83448.41%51.59%1420.08%
20952,463,54548.41%51.59%1420.01%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer