Sweden Population 2019

10,055,672

Sweden, known officially as the Kingdom of Sweden, is a Scandinavian country found in Northern Europe. By area, it is the third-largest country in the European Union, at 450,295 square kilometers. Its capital city is Stockholm, which is also the country’s largest city. Sweden has been ranked as the fourth most competitive country in the world, and has a rapidly growing economy with equal distribution of income. The country boasts a rich culture and heritage, which has attracted many tourists over the years. The 2019 estimated population for the country is 10.04 million.

In 2019, Sweden's population is estimated to be 10.04 million, making it the 91st largest country in the world by population.

According to Statistics Sweden, the population was exceeded by 9 million for the first time on August 12, 2004.

Population Density and Surface Area in Sweden

Population density is recorded as 57.5 people per square mile (22.2 people per square kilometer) with a higher population density in the south than in the north. This density is spread over an area of 173,860 square miles (450,295 km² ) of total surface area and ranks 159th in the world. Sweden is found in northern Europe and is made up of thousands of tiny islands in addition to the mainland. Sweden is situated between the Baltic and North Seas and touches borders with Finlands and Norway.

Largest Cities in Sweden

85% of the people living in Sweden live in urban areas, but most of these cities are very small (between 10,000 and 100,000 residents). The largest city by far is the capital city of Stockholm, with 2.35 million people in the greater metropolitan area, and around 1 million within the city limits. Stockholm is a very unique city in that it spans 14 islands along the southeast coast of the country. One-third of Sweden's GDP comes from Stockholm and it is the political, economic, and cultural heart of the country. Gothenburg is Sweden's second-largest city, with around 1 million people in the metro area and slightly over half a million within the city itself. Other notable cities with populations over 100,000 include Malmö, Uppsala, Västerås, Örebro, Linköping, and Helsingborg.

Sweden Demographics

The demographic profile of Sweden has altered drastically due to immigration patterns since the 1970s. The larger amount of the population is situated in the urban areas; approximately 86% to be precise. The estimated rate of urbanization during 2010-2015 is 0.6% at an annual rate of change. The capital of Sweden is Stockholm and this city is inhabited by a population of over 911,000, with 1.4 million in urban areas, and 2.2 million in the metropolitan areas.

Estimates of the age structure of the Swedish population shows that most of the people are middle-aged: 0-14 years (17%), 15-64 years (63%), 65 years and above (20%). Sex ratio according to the 2011 estimate is: at birth (1.06 Male/Female), under 15 (1.06 Male/Female), 15-64 (1.02 Male/Female), 65 years and above (0.81 Male/Female) and total population (0.98 Male/Female).

Data gathered in 2014 shows that education expenditures amounted to 13.2% of GDP, while health expenditures were 9.6% of GDP in 2012. The literacy rate in 2016 is very high at 99% for the total population, males and females. Maternal mortality rate was calculated at a low number of 4 deaths for 100000 live births in 2015, when compared to the increasing maternal mortality rates in other countries.

Though there are no official statistics on ethnicity, according to Statistics Sweden around 1,921,000 (20.1%) inhabitants of Sweden were of a foreign background in 2012. This background included: the indigenous population of Swedes with Finnish and Sami minorities, and foreign-born or first-generation immigrants like Turks, Greeks, Finns, Yugoslavs, Danes and Norwegians. The dominating religion in Sweden is Lutheran at 87%, with others like Orthodox, Roman Catholic, Baptist, Muslim, Buddhist and Jewish at 13% when grouped together. The official language is Swedish, while other languages spoken include small Sami and Finnish speaking minorities.

Sweden Religion, Economy and Politics

According to WHO data, life expectancy at birth for the Swedish population is calculated as 81.8 years, with 79.9 years for males and 83.6 years for females. The number of live births has increased by 0.93% since 2012, as opposed to deaths which have decreased by 1.1%.

Sweden was ranked at 14th place according to its life expectancy estimates by WHO (World Health Organization) in 2013. Other countries sharing this position with Sweden, according to WHO, are: Italy, Singapore, Iceland, Andorra, Australia, Spain, Qatar, Israel, Monaco, France, Canada and Luxembourg.

The quality of life in Sweden is quite high, with an overall life satisfaction ranking of 9.1 out of 10. Also, according to the World Happiness Report in 2018, Sweden ranks at number 9 out of all countries, with a score of 7.314. Additional factors to consider in the quality of life is the ease of access to clean drinking water and improved sanitation facilities. The respective numbers here are both over 99% which is a significantly higher percentage than many countries. In terms of healthcare, there are approximately 4 professional physicians available per 1,000 residents, and 2.4 beds available per 1,000 individuals. 11.9% of the GDP is spent on the financing of the healthcare in the country.

Sweden Population History

In the year 1570, the estimated Swedish population stood at 900,000. Over the centuries, the statistics have only showed progress: 1,485,000 in 1700; 4,099,000 in 1865; 8,562,000 in 1990 and the current 9,801,616 in 2016. When the Swedish census was conducted in 2005, it showed an increase of 475,322 when compared with the 1990 census, which means an average increase of 31,680 annually.

Due to the fact that Sweden’s fertility rate fell from 2.21 to 1.29 between 1950 and 2000, and life expectancy at birth rose by 8 years for males and 10 years for females, the population structure underwent a huge transformation. It changed from the classic pyramid shape to the pillar shape, which represents a more evenly distributed percentage of the population in each age bracket.

Population increases during 2004-2012 have mainly been attributed to immigration from Muslim countries like Iraq, Afghanistan, and Somalia. This translates as an influx of Muslim immigrants as opposed to any other ethnicity.

Sweden Population Growth

Since May 2012, Sweden’s population has increased by around 0.85%. Immigration has been a major source for growth in population throughout Sweden's history, and since 2012, the number of immigrants to Sweden has increased while the number of emigrants has decreased. Today, about one-fifth of Sweden's population has an immigrant background.

Compared to current European standards, Sweden has a relatively high fertility rate measured at 1.9 births per woman. However, this has decreased from the rate of 1.99 births per woman in 2011. Most of the increase in population growth can be attributed to the increasing number of immigrants and live births in the country.

When ranked by world population, Sweden stands at the 91st position according to the monthly official estimate, constituting 0.133% of the world population.

Sweden Population Projections

The slow annual growth rate in Sweden is expected to continue slowing but at a very gradual pace. Current projections believe that in the years to come, the rate will reach a peak in 2020 at 0.72%, before decreasing towards 0.4% by 2045. After 2045, it is expected that the population will again take an uptick. These predictions believe that the population of Sweden will be 10,121,686 in 2020, 10,712,041 in 2030, 11,157,892 in 2040 and 11,626,301 in 2050.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 4 minutes
One death every 6 minutes
One net migrant every 14 minutes
Net gain of one person every 8 minutes

Sweden Population in 2018Source: By Bengt Nyman from Vaxholm, Sweden (DSC_8721-B) [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Sweden Population Pyramid 2019

Sweden Population by Age

There are 7,945,230 adults in Sweden.

Census Years

Year Date
202131 December 2021
201131 December 2011
19901 November 1990
19851 November 1985

Sweden’s current fertility rate of 1.9 births per woman will have to increase if the population growth is to progress at a positive rate. The aging population is also set to increase, and if the number of births does not rise, the population structure will return to the original pyramid shape, which translates into lesser births and lesser deaths. It is forecasted that in the near future, the number of men will exceed the number of women, which has not been the case for many years. It has also been forecast that immigration will be greater than emigration in the future. In 2018, it is expected that the population of Sweden will pass the ten million mark, while the eleven million mark is expected in the mid-2030s. According to the forecast, by the end of 2060, the population is expected to reach 12.5 million people.

Official NameKingdom of Sweden
Languages SpokenSwedish
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude62, 15
Currencies UsedSweden Krona
DemonymSwedish
BordersFinland
Norway
Name Population Location
Stockholm1,515,017Map
Goeteborg572,799Map
Malmoe301,706Map
Uppsala149,245Map
Sollentuna139,606Map
Soedermalm127,323Map
Vaesteras117,746Map
OErebro115,765Map
Linkoeping106,502Map
Helsingborg104,250Map
Joenkoeping93,797Map
Norrkoeping93,765Map
Huddinge90,182Map
Lund87,244Map
Umea83,249Map
Haninge74,968Map
Gaevle74,884Map
Boras71,700Map
Soedertaelje70,777Map
Kungsholmen69,363Map

Sweden Population Clock

The population of Sweden (as of 10/17/2019)?10,055,672
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2019)10,036,379
Births Per Day324
Deaths Per Day251
Net Migrations Per Day104
Net Change Per Day177
Population Change Since January 1st51,330

Sweden Population Estimator

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Estimate as of October 17th 2019 is: 10,054,986

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201910,036,37950.07%49.93%22.29910.65%
20189,971,63850.05%49.95%22.14890.67%
20179,904,89650.03%49.97%22.00890.70%
20169,836,00750.01%49.99%21.84890.73%
20159,764,95049.98%50.02%21.69900.79%
20109,390,16849.81%50.19%20.85890.77%
20059,038,62349.59%50.41%20.07880.35%
20008,881,64049.45%50.55%19.72820.10%
19958,836,42049.41%50.59%19.62810.62%
19908,567,38449.40%50.60%19.03780.50%
19858,357,65249.38%50.62%18.56740.10%
19808,316,33849.53%50.47%18.47700.29%
19758,197,34049.72%50.28%18.20650.35%
19708,054,91649.93%50.07%17.89650.79%
19657,745,67349.93%50.07%17.20640.69%
19607,482,54349.88%50.12%16.62600.60%
19557,262,62349.86%50.14%16.13550.71%
19507,009,91249.79%50.21%15.57520.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202010,099,26550.09%49.91%22.43910.00%
202510,384,83150.17%49.83%23.06900.56%
203010,629,98150.22%49.78%23.61930.47%
203510,827,97750.25%49.75%24.05920.37%
204011,008,44250.29%49.71%24.45930.33%
204511,195,69450.33%49.67%24.86920.34%
205011,389,19650.36%49.64%25.29920.34%
205511,573,13750.37%49.63%25.70930.32%
206011,739,28750.37%49.63%26.07930.29%
206511,895,83650.38%49.62%26.42930.27%
207012,056,33050.38%49.62%26.77950.27%
207512,221,92750.37%49.63%27.14950.27%
208012,380,20450.36%49.64%27.49930.26%
208512,527,23150.36%49.64%27.82930.24%
209012,678,78950.37%49.63%28.16920.24%
209512,847,91550.38%49.62%28.53920.27%
  1. World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with official population estimates through 2015, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  2. GeoNames Gazetteer