Sweden Population 2017
In 2016, Sweden's population is estimated to be 9,801,616, making it the 91st largest country in the world by population.
According to Statistics Sweden, the population was exceeded by 9 million for the first time on August 12, 2004. Population density is recorded as 24.2 people per square kilometer, with a higher population density in the south than in the north.
Since May 2012, Sweden’s population has increased by around 0.85%. Immigration has been a major source for growth in population throughout Sweden's history, and since 2012, the number of immigrants to Sweden has increased while the number of emigrants have decreased. Today, about one-fifth of Sweden's population has an immigrant background.
Compared to current European standards, Sweden has a relatively high fertility rate measured at 1.9 births per woman. However, this has decreased from the rate of 1.99 births per woman in 2011. Most of the increase in population growth can be attributed to the increasing number of immigrants and live births in the country.
When ranked by world population, Sweden stands at the 91st position according to the monthly official estimate, constituting 0.133% of the world population.
Sweden Population History
In the year 1570, the estimated Swedish population stood at 900,000. Over the centuries, the statistics have only showed progress: 1,485,000 in 1700; 4,099,000 in 1865; 8,562,000 in 1990 and the current 9,801,616 in 2016. When the Swedish census was conducted in 2005, it showed an increase of 475,322 when compared with the 1990 census, which means an average increase of 31,680 annually.
Due to the fact that Sweden’s fertility rate fell from 2.21 to 1.29 between 1950 and 2000, and life expectancy at birth rose by 8 years for males and 10 years for females, the population structure underwent a huge transformation. It changed from the classic pyramid shape to the pillar shape, which represents a more evenly distributed percentage of population in each age bracket.
Population increases during 2004-2012 have mainly been attributed to immigration from Muslim countries like Iraq, Afghanistan, and Somalia. This translates as an influx of Muslim immigrants as opposed to any other ethnicity.
Sweden Life Expectancy
According to WHO data, life expectancy at birth for the Swedish population is calculated as 81.8 years, with 79.9 years for males and 83.6 years for females. The number of live births has increased by 0.93% since 2012, as opposed to deaths which have decreased by 1.1%.
Sweden was ranked at 14th place according to its life expectancy estimates by WHO (World Health Organization) in 2013. Other countries sharing this position with Sweden, according to WHO, are: Italy, Singapore, Iceland, Andorra, Australia, Spain, Qatar, Israel, Monaco, France, Canada and Luxembourg.
The demographic profile of Sweden has altered drastically due to immigration patterns since the 1970s. The larger amount of the population is situated in the urban areas; approximately 86% to be precise. Estimated rate of urbanization during 2010-2015 is 0.6% at an annual rate of change. The capital Stockholm is inhabited by a population of over 911,000, with 1.4 million in the urban areas, and 2.2 million in the metropolitan areas.
Estimates of the age structure of the Swedish population shows that most of the people are middle-aged: 0-14 years (17%), 15-64 years (63%), 65 years and above (20%). Sex ratio according to the 2011 estimate is: at birth (1.06 Male/Female), under 15 (1.06 Male/Female), 15-64 (1.02 Male/Female), 65 years and above (0.81 Male/Female) and total population (0.98 Male/Female).
Data gathered in 2014 shows that education expenditures amounted to 13.2% of GDP, while health expenditures were 9.6% of GDP in 2012. The literacy rate in 2016 is very high at 99% for the total population, males and females. Maternal mortality rate was calculated at a low number of 4 deaths for 100000 live births in 2015, when compared to the increasing maternal mortality rates in other countries.
Though there are no official statistics on ethnicity, according to Statistics Sweden around 1,921,000 (20.1%) inhabitants of Sweden were of a foreign background in 2012. This background included: indigenous population of Swedes with Finnish and Sami minorities, and foreign-born or first-generation immigrants like Turks, Greeks, Finns, Yugoslavs, Danes and Norwegians. The dominating religion in Sweden is Lutheran at 87%, with others like Orthodox, Roman Catholic, Baptist, Muslim, Buddhist and Jewish at 13%. The official language is Swedish, while other languages spoken include small Sami and Finnish speaking minorities.