Sweden Population 2018


Sweden, known officially as the Kingdom of Sweden, is a Scandinavian country found in Northern Europe. By area, it is the third-largest country in the European Union, at 450,295 square kilometers. Its capital city is Stockholm, which is also the country’s largest city. Sweden has been ranked as the fourth most competitive country in the world, and has a rapidly growing economy with equal distribution of income. The country boasts a rich culture and heritage, which has attracted many tourists over the years. The 2018 estimated population for the country is 9.98 million.

In 2018, Sweden's population is estimated to be 9.98 million, making it the 91st largest country in the world by population.

According to Statistics Sweden, the population was exceeded by 9 million for the first time on August 12, 2004. Population density is recorded as 24.2 people per square kilometer, with a higher population density in the south than in the north.

Since May 2012, Sweden’s population has increased by around 0.85%. Immigration has been a major source for growth in population throughout Sweden's history, and since 2012, the number of immigrants to Sweden has increased while the number of emigrants have decreased. Today, about one-fifth of Sweden's population has an immigrant background.

Compared to current European standards, Sweden has a relatively high fertility rate measured at 1.9 births per woman. However, this has decreased from the rate of 1.99 births per woman in 2011. Most of the increase in population growth can be attributed to the increasing number of immigrants and live births in the country.

When ranked by world population, Sweden stands at the 91st position according to the monthly official estimate, constituting 0.133% of the world population.

Sweden Population History

In the year 1570, the estimated Swedish population stood at 900,000. Over the centuries, the statistics have only showed progress: 1,485,000 in 1700; 4,099,000 in 1865; 8,562,000 in 1990 and the current 9,801,616 in 2016. When the Swedish census was conducted in 2005, it showed an increase of 475,322 when compared with the 1990 census, which means an average increase of 31,680 annually.

Due to the fact that Sweden’s fertility rate fell from 2.21 to 1.29 between 1950 and 2000, and life expectancy at birth rose by 8 years for males and 10 years for females, the population structure underwent a huge transformation. It changed from the classic pyramid shape to the pillar shape, which represents a more evenly distributed percentage of population in each age bracket.

Population increases during 2004-2012 have mainly been attributed to immigration from Muslim countries like Iraq, Afghanistan, and Somalia. This translates as an influx of Muslim immigrants as opposed to any other ethnicity.

Sweden Life Expectancy

According to WHO data, life expectancy at birth for the Swedish population is calculated as 81.8 years, with 79.9 years for males and 83.6 years for females. The number of live births has increased by 0.93% since 2012, as opposed to deaths which have decreased by 1.1%.

Sweden was ranked at 14th place according to its life expectancy estimates by WHO (World Health Organization) in 2013. Other countries sharing this position with Sweden, according to WHO, are: Italy, Singapore, Iceland, Andorra, Australia, Spain, Qatar, Israel, Monaco, France, Canada and Luxembourg.

Sweden Demographics

The demographic profile of Sweden has altered drastically due to immigration patterns since the 1970s. The larger amount of the population is situated in the urban areas; approximately 86% to be precise. Estimated rate of urbanization during 2010-2015 is 0.6% at an annual rate of change. The capital Stockholm is inhabited by a population of over 911,000, with 1.4 million in the urban areas, and 2.2 million in the metropolitan areas.

Estimates of the age structure of the Swedish population shows that most of the people are middle-aged: 0-14 years (17%), 15-64 years (63%), 65 years and above (20%). Sex ratio according to the 2011 estimate is: at birth (1.06 Male/Female), under 15 (1.06 Male/Female), 15-64 (1.02 Male/Female), 65 years and above (0.81 Male/Female) and total population (0.98 Male/Female).

Data gathered in 2014 shows that education expenditures amounted to 13.2% of GDP, while health expenditures were 9.6% of GDP in 2012. The literacy rate in 2016 is very high at 99% for the total population, males and females. Maternal mortality rate was calculated at a low number of 4 deaths for 100000 live births in 2015, when compared to the increasing maternal mortality rates in other countries.

Though there are no official statistics on ethnicity, according to Statistics Sweden around 1,921,000 (20.1%) inhabitants of Sweden were of a foreign background in 2012. This background included: indigenous population of Swedes with Finnish and Sami minorities, and foreign-born or first-generation immigrants like Turks, Greeks, Finns, Yugoslavs, Danes and Norwegians. The dominating religion in Sweden is Lutheran at 87%, with others like Orthodox, Roman Catholic, Baptist, Muslim, Buddhist and Jewish at 13%. The official language is Swedish, while other languages spoken include small Sami and Finnish speaking minorities.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 4 minutes
One death every 6 minutes
One net migrant every 13 minutes
Net gain of one person every 7 minutes

Sweden Population in 2018Source: By Bengt Nyman from Vaxholm, Sweden (DSC_8721-B) [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Sweden Population Pyramid 2018

0k20k40k60k80kSweden Male Population0k20k40k60k80kSweden Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Sweden Median Age







Sweden Population by Age

There are 7,867,944 adults in Sweden.

Census Years

Year Date
202131 December 2021
201131 December 2011
19901 November 1990
19851 November 1985

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Sweden Population Growth

Sweden’s current fertility rate of 1.9 births per woman will have to increase if the population growth is to progress at a positive rate. The aging population is also set to increase, and if the number of births does not rise, the population structure will return to the original pyramid shape, which translates into lesser births and lesser deaths. It is forecasted that in the near future, the number of men will exceed the number of women, which has not been the case for many years. It has also been forecast that immigration will be greater than emigration in the future. In 2018, it is expected that the population of Sweden will pass the ten million mark, while the eleven million mark is expected in the mid-2030s. According to the forecast, by the end of 2060, the population is expected to reach 12.5 million people.

About Sweden

Official NameKingdom of Sweden
Languages SpokenSwedish
Is LandlockedNo
Currencies UsedSweden Krona

Countries Bordering Sweden


Sweden Population Density

Sweden Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population

Sweden Population Clock

The population of Sweden (as of 6/18/2018)?9,980,345
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)9,982,709
Births Per Day334
Deaths Per Day247
Net Migrations Per Day 110
Net Change Per Day 197
Population Change Since January 1st33,293

Sweden Population Indicators

Crude Birth Rate 12.259 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 9.078 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 4.023 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 82.7 years
Male Life Expectancy 81.02 years
Female Life Expectancy 84.38 years
Total Fertility Rate 1.909 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.921 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.06 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 1.919 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 2.322 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.995 years
Rate of Natural Increase 3.181

Sweden Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate

Sweden Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with official population estimates through 2015, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  2. GeoNames Gazetteer