Sweden Population 2017

9,926,847

Sweden, known officially as the Kingdom of Sweden, is a Scandinavian country found in Northern Europe. By area, it is the third-largest country in the European Union, at 450,295 square kilometers. Its capital city is Stockholm, which is also the country’s largest city. Sweden has been ranked as the fourth most competitive country in the world, and has a rapidly growing economy with equal distribution of income. The country boasts a rich culture and heritage, which has attracted many tourists over the years. The 2017 estimated population for the country is 9.91 million.

In 2017, Sweden's population is estimated to be 9.91 million, making it the 91st largest country in the world by population.

According to Statistics Sweden, the population was exceeded by 9 million for the first time on August 12, 2004. Population density is recorded as 24.2 people per square kilometer, with a higher population density in the south than in the north.

Since May 2012, Sweden’s population has increased by around 0.85%. Immigration has been a major source for growth in population throughout Sweden's history, and since 2012, the number of immigrants to Sweden has increased while the number of emigrants have decreased. Today, about one-fifth of Sweden's population has an immigrant background.

Compared to current European standards, Sweden has a relatively high fertility rate measured at 1.9 births per woman. However, this has decreased from the rate of 1.99 births per woman in 2011. Most of the increase in population growth can be attributed to the increasing number of immigrants and live births in the country.

When ranked by world population, Sweden stands at the 91st position according to the monthly official estimate, constituting 0.133% of the world population.

Sweden Population History

In the year 1570, the estimated Swedish population stood at 900,000. Over the centuries, the statistics have only showed progress: 1,485,000 in 1700; 4,099,000 in 1865; 8,562,000 in 1990 and the current 9,801,616 in 2016. When the Swedish census was conducted in 2005, it showed an increase of 475,322 when compared with the 1990 census, which means an average increase of 31,680 annually.

Due to the fact that Sweden’s fertility rate fell from 2.21 to 1.29 between 1950 and 2000, and life expectancy at birth rose by 8 years for males and 10 years for females, the population structure underwent a huge transformation. It changed from the classic pyramid shape to the pillar shape, which represents a more evenly distributed percentage of population in each age bracket.

Population increases during 2004-2012 have mainly been attributed to immigration from Muslim countries like Iraq, Afghanistan, and Somalia. This translates as an influx of Muslim immigrants as opposed to any other ethnicity.

Sweden Life Expectancy

According to WHO data, life expectancy at birth for the Swedish population is calculated as 81.8 years, with 79.9 years for males and 83.6 years for females. The number of live births has increased by 0.93% since 2012, as opposed to deaths which have decreased by 1.1%.

Sweden was ranked at 14th place according to its life expectancy estimates by WHO (World Health Organization) in 2013. Other countries sharing this position with Sweden, according to WHO, are: Italy, Singapore, Iceland, Andorra, Australia, Spain, Qatar, Israel, Monaco, France, Canada and Luxembourg.

Sweden Demographics

The demographic profile of Sweden has altered drastically due to immigration patterns since the 1970s. The larger amount of the population is situated in the urban areas; approximately 86% to be precise. Estimated rate of urbanization during 2010-2015 is 0.6% at an annual rate of change. The capital Stockholm is inhabited by a population of over 911,000, with 1.4 million in the urban areas, and 2.2 million in the metropolitan areas.

Estimates of the age structure of the Swedish population shows that most of the people are middle-aged: 0-14 years (17%), 15-64 years (63%), 65 years and above (20%). Sex ratio according to the 2011 estimate is: at birth (1.06 Male/Female), under 15 (1.06 Male/Female), 15-64 (1.02 Male/Female), 65 years and above (0.81 Male/Female) and total population (0.98 Male/Female).

Data gathered in 2014 shows that education expenditures amounted to 13.2% of GDP, while health expenditures were 9.6% of GDP in 2012. The literacy rate in 2016 is very high at 99% for the total population, males and females. Maternal mortality rate was calculated at a low number of 4 deaths for 100000 live births in 2015, when compared to the increasing maternal mortality rates in other countries.

Though there are no official statistics on ethnicity, according to Statistics Sweden around 1,921,000 (20.1%) inhabitants of Sweden were of a foreign background in 2012. This background included: indigenous population of Swedes with Finnish and Sami minorities, and foreign-born or first-generation immigrants like Turks, Greeks, Finns, Yugoslavs, Danes and Norwegians. The dominating religion in Sweden is Lutheran at 87%, with others like Orthodox, Roman Catholic, Baptist, Muslim, Buddhist and Jewish at 13%. The official language is Swedish, while other languages spoken include small Sami and Finnish speaking minorities.

Sweden Population in 2018Source: Holger.Ellgaard

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Sweden Population Growth

Sweden’s current fertility rate of 1.9 births per woman will have to increase if the population growth is to progress at a positive rate. The aging population is also set to increase, and if the number of births does not rise, the population structure will return to the original pyramid shape, which translates into lesser births and lesser deaths. It is forecasted that in the near future, the number of men will exceed the number of women, which has not been the case for many years. It has also been forecast that immigration will be greater than emigration in the future. In 2018, it is expected that the population of Sweden will pass the ten million mark, while the eleven million mark is expected in the mid-2030s. According to the forecast, by the end of 2060, the population is expected to reach 12.5 million people.

About Sweden

Official NameKingdom of Sweden
Languages SpokenSwedish
BordersFIN, NOR
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude6215
Currencies UsedSEK

Sweden Population Density

Name Population
Stockholm1,253,309
Goeteborg504,084
Malmoe261,548
Uppsala127,734
Vasteras107,194
Orebro98,573
Linkoping96,732
Helsingborg91,025
Huddinge90,182
Jonkoping83,202
Norrkoping82,903
Lund76,263
Haninge74,968
Umea74,005
Gavle68,635
Solna66,909
Boras63,223
Bromma61,000
Soedertaelje60,279
Vaexjoe59,600
Moelndal59,430
Karlstad59,266
Eskilstuna59,016
Sollentuna58,897
Taby58,123
Halmstad55,657
Sundsvall48,463
Lulea45,551
Trollhattan44,522
Lidingoe43,000
Ostersund42,940
Borlaenge39,422
Upplands Vaesby36,534
Falun36,477
OEstermalm36,418
Tumba35,780
Kalmar34,744
Sundbyberg34,529
Skoevde33,119
Karlskrona32,309
Kristianstad32,188
Skelleftea30,839
Uddevalla30,282
Motala29,715
Majorna29,254
Partille28,648
Landskrona27,889
Ornskoldsvik27,749
Nykoping27,582
Karlskoga26,949
Akersberga26,785
Vallentuna26,733
Varberg25,816
Trelleborg25,494
Nacka25,170
Alingsas24,826
Lidkoping24,586
Jakobsberg24,046
AEngelholm23,240
Marsta23,194
Sandviken22,111
Pitea22,044
Visby21,970
Vanersborg21,835
Boo21,776
Huskvarna21,500
Kungalv21,262
Katrineholm21,108
Vaestervik20,694
Enkoping19,733
Kungsbacka18,698
Falkenberg18,407
Boden18,225
Karlshamn18,161
Kiruna18,154
Varnamo17,950
Kristinehamn17,836
Ystad17,266
Hassleholm17,050
Haernoesand17,016
Norrtalje16,914
Rasunda16,877
Arsta16,807
Koping16,617
Oskarshamn16,613
Gamla Uppsala16,231
Tullinge16,000
Nassjo15,954
Lerum15,949
Eslov15,898
Falkoeping15,821
Mariestad14,891
Molnlycke14,653
Hudiksvall14,621
Ljungby14,272
Kinna14,210
Staffanstorp14,192
Avesta14,110
Kaevlinge13,850
Tranas13,765
Arvika13,666
Ludvika13,638
Nynashamn13,616
Balsta13,495
Hoganas13,461
Onsala13,370
Skoghall12,845
Kumla12,756
Strangnas12,555
Finspang12,415
Bollnas12,145
Vetlanda12,068
Nybro12,059
Soderhamn12,022
Sala12,015
Ronneby11,618
Mjolby11,560
Handen11,524
Alby11,400
Lindome10,942
Mora10,940
Oxelosund10,690
Skara10,608
Segeltorp10,536
Fagersta10,432
Arboga10,369
Hallstahammar10,300
Kista10,254
Timra10,168
Torslanda10,129
Gislaved10,091
Stenungsund10,067
Hollviken10,014
Ekeroe9,931
Gustavsberg9,682
Eksjoe9,676
Billdal9,609
Svedala9,593
Saevja9,414
Amal9,380
Ulricehamn9,349
Jordbro9,316
Alta9,274
Oxie9,225
Saeffle9,156
Arloev9,108
Nodinge-Nol9,077
Ahus9,000
Saltsjobaden8,937
Djursholm8,856
Lomma8,820
Lindesberg8,752
Bjarred8,663
Lycksele8,597
Solleftea8,530
AElmhult8,518
Astorp8,514
Gaellivare8,480
Gardsten8,025
Brevik8,024
Tibro8,005
Tidaholm7,920
Hammarkullen7,914
Soelvesborg7,883
Vimmerby7,827
Kil7,826
Klippan7,778
Alvesta7,647
Torshalla7,614
Lysekil7,568
Fittja7,500
Bromoella7,428
Hallsberg7,418
Degerfors7,418
Olofstroem7,382
Hoeoer7,379
Kungsaengen7,367
Kalix7,340
Bergshamra7,300
Hedemora7,279
Sigtuna7,204
Loevgaerdet7,113
Hofors7,021
Skurup6,978
Soederkoeping6,951
Osby6,947
Atvidaberg6,947
Valbo6,911
Knivsta6,898
Bunkeflostrand6,874
Fisksatra6,864
Skanor med Falsterbo6,861
Kallered6,784
Landvetter6,680
Hoerby6,651
Simrishamn6,546
Ljungsbro6,510
Bankeryd6,498
Nora6,496
Sjoebo6,364
Bollebygd6,364
Bro6,359
Forshaga6,355
Bjuv6,348
Surahammar6,276
Habo6,244
Kramfors6,235
Tomelilla6,204
Filipstad6,177
Skutskaer6,136
Vellinge6,115
Flen6,114
Stroemstad6,110
Ljusdal6,100
Storvreta6,083
Hjo6,075
Nykvarn6,032
Malmberget6,017
Sodra Sandby5,941
Leksand5,861
Laholm5,835
Surte5,740
Vadstena5,700
Kungsoer5,610
Loddekopinge5,582
Lindsdal5,520
Dalby5,517
Mullsjoe5,506
Holmsund5,482
Perstorp5,468
Hagfors5,403
Akarp5,393
Tierp5,377
Malmslatt5,358
Hultsfred5,305
Vargarda5,303
Orsa5,278
Grums5,231
Gnesta5,208
Skare5,173
Malung5,146
Smedjebacken5,121
Saevsjoe5,068
Hono5,045
AElvsbyn5,042

Sweden Population Clock

What is the population of Sweden (as of 11/15/2017)?9,926,847
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)9,910,701
Births Per Day66
Deaths Per Day49
Net Migrations Per Day 100
Net Change Per Day 117
Population Change Since January 1st37,323

Sweden Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 12.21 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 9.067 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 3.678 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 82.683 years
Male Life Expectancy 81.02 years
Female Life Expectancy 84.302 years
Total Fertility Rate 1.926 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.929 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.06 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 2.501 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 2.927 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.896 years
Rate of Natural Increase 3.176
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 1.401%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 1.8%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 0.982%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 5.379%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 6.347%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 4.368%
Median Age (Total) 41.2 years
Median Age (Female) 42.2 years
Median Age (Male) 40.2 years

Sweden Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20179,910,70150.04%49.96%220.75%
20159,763,56549.98%50.02%220.78%
20109,390,16849.81%50.19%210.77%
20059,038,62349.59%50.41%200.35%
20008,881,64049.45%50.55%200.10%
19958,836,42049.41%50.59%200.62%
19908,567,38449.40%50.60%190.50%
19858,357,65249.38%50.62%190.10%
19808,316,33849.53%50.47%180.29%
19758,197,34049.72%50.28%180.35%
19708,054,91649.93%50.07%180.79%
19657,745,67349.93%50.07%170.69%
19607,482,54349.88%50.12%170.60%
19557,262,62349.86%50.14%160.71%
19507,009,91249.79%50.21%160.00%

Sweden Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
202010,121,68650.13%49.87%220.00%
202510,435,34250.23%49.77%230.61%
203010,712,04150.30%49.70%240.52%
203510,942,47050.34%49.66%240.43%
204011,157,89250.39%49.61%250.39%
204511,384,78150.43%49.57%250.40%
205011,626,30150.46%49.54%260.42%
205511,857,67750.47%49.53%260.39%
206012,066,39750.48%49.52%270.35%
206512,257,43450.50%49.50%270.31%
207012,444,17850.51%49.49%280.30%
207512,629,26650.51%49.49%280.30%
208012,802,15650.51%49.49%280.27%
208512,957,86050.51%49.49%290.24%
209013,106,79150.53%49.47%290.23%
209513,263,15150.55%49.45%290.24%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer