Sweden Population 2019
Sweden, known officially as the Kingdom of Sweden, is a Scandinavian country found in Northern Europe. By area, it is the third-largest country in the European Union, at 450,295 square kilometers. Its capital city is Stockholm, which is also the country’s largest city. Sweden has been ranked as the fourth most competitive country in the world, and has a rapidly growing economy with equal distribution of income. The country boasts a rich culture and heritage, which has attracted many tourists over the years. The 2019 estimated population for the country is 10.04 million.
In 2019, Sweden's population is estimated to be 10.04 million, making it the 91st largest country in the world by population.
According to Statistics Sweden, the population was exceeded by 9 million for the first time on August 12, 2004.
Population Density and Surface Area in Sweden
Population density is recorded as 57.5 people per square mile (22.2 people per square kilometer) with a higher population density in the south than in the north. This density is spread over an area of 173,860 square miles (450,295 km² ) of total surface area and ranks 159th in the world. Sweden is found in northern Europe and is made up of thousands of tiny islands in addition to the mainland. Switzerland is situated between the Baltic and North Seas and touches borders with Finlands and Norway.
Largest Cities in Sweden
85% of the people living in Sweden live in urban areas, but most of these cities are very small (between 10,000 and 100,000 residents). The largest city by far is the capital city of Stockholm, with 2.35 million people in the greater metropolitan area, and around 1 million within the city limits. Stockholm is a very unique city in that it spans 14 islands along the southeast coast of the country. One-third of Sweden's GDP comes from Stockholm and it is the political, economic, and cultural heart of the country. Gothenburg is Sweden's second-largest city, with around 1 million people in the metro area and slightly over half a million within the city itself. Other notable cities with populations over 100,000 include Malmö, Uppsala, Västerås, Örebro, Linköping, and Helsingborg.
The demographic profile of Sweden has altered drastically due to immigration patterns since the 1970s. The larger amount of the population is situated in the urban areas; approximately 86% to be precise. The estimated rate of urbanization during 2010-2015 is 0.6% at an annual rate of change. The capital of Sweden is Stockholm and this city is inhabited by a population of over 911,000, with 1.4 million in urban areas, and 2.2 million in the metropolitan areas.
Estimates of the age structure of the Swedish population shows that most of the people are middle-aged: 0-14 years (17%), 15-64 years (63%), 65 years and above (20%). Sex ratio according to the 2011 estimate is: at birth (1.06 Male/Female), under 15 (1.06 Male/Female), 15-64 (1.02 Male/Female), 65 years and above (0.81 Male/Female) and total population (0.98 Male/Female).
Data gathered in 2014 shows that education expenditures amounted to 13.2% of GDP, while health expenditures were 9.6% of GDP in 2012. The literacy rate in 2016 is very high at 99% for the total population, males and females. Maternal mortality rate was calculated at a low number of 4 deaths for 100000 live births in 2015, when compared to the increasing maternal mortality rates in other countries.
Though there are no official statistics on ethnicity, according to Statistics Sweden around 1,921,000 (20.1%) inhabitants of Sweden were of a foreign background in 2012. This background included: the indigenous population of Swedes with Finnish and Sami minorities, and foreign-born or first-generation immigrants like Turks, Greeks, Finns, Yugoslavs, Danes and Norwegians. The dominating religion in Sweden is Lutheran at 87%, with others like Orthodox, Roman Catholic, Baptist, Muslim, Buddhist and Jewish at 13% when grouped together. The official language is Swedish, while other languages spoken include small Sami and Finnish speaking minorities.
Sweden Religion, Economy and Politics
According to WHO data, life expectancy at birth for the Swedish population is calculated as 81.8 years, with 79.9 years for males and 83.6 years for females. The number of live births has increased by 0.93% since 2012, as opposed to deaths which have decreased by 1.1%.
Sweden was ranked at 14th place according to its life expectancy estimates by WHO (World Health Organization) in 2013. Other countries sharing this position with Sweden, according to WHO, are: Italy, Singapore, Iceland, Andorra, Australia, Spain, Qatar, Israel, Monaco, France, Canada and Luxembourg.
The quality of life in Sweden is quite high, with an overall life satisfaction ranking of 9.1 out of 10. Also, according to the World Happiness Report in 2018, Sweden ranks at number 9 out of all countries, with a score of 7.314. Additional factors to consider in the quality of life is the ease of access to clean drinking water and improved sanitation facilities. The respective numbers here are both over 99% which is a significantly higher percentage than many countries. In terms of healthcare, there are approximately 4 professional physicians available per 1,000 residents, and 2.4 beds available per 1,000 individuals. 11.9% of the GDP is spent on the financing of the healthcare in the country.
Sweden Population History
In the year 1570, the estimated Swedish population stood at 900,000. Over the centuries, the statistics have only showed progress: 1,485,000 in 1700; 4,099,000 in 1865; 8,562,000 in 1990 and the current 9,801,616 in 2016. When the Swedish census was conducted in 2005, it showed an increase of 475,322 when compared with the 1990 census, which means an average increase of 31,680 annually.
Due to the fact that Sweden’s fertility rate fell from 2.21 to 1.29 between 1950 and 2000, and life expectancy at birth rose by 8 years for males and 10 years for females, the population structure underwent a huge transformation. It changed from the classic pyramid shape to the pillar shape, which represents a more evenly distributed percentage of the population in each age bracket.
Population increases during 2004-2012 have mainly been attributed to immigration from Muslim countries like Iraq, Afghanistan, and Somalia. This translates as an influx of Muslim immigrants as opposed to any other ethnicity.
Sweden Population Growth
Since May 2012, Sweden’s population has increased by around 0.85%. Immigration has been a major source for growth in population throughout Sweden's history, and since 2012, the number of immigrants to Sweden has increased while the number of emigrants has decreased. Today, about one-fifth of Sweden's population has an immigrant background.
Compared to current European standards, Sweden has a relatively high fertility rate measured at 1.9 births per woman. However, this has decreased from the rate of 1.99 births per woman in 2011. Most of the increase in population growth can be attributed to the increasing number of immigrants and live births in the country.
When ranked by world population, Sweden stands at the 91st position according to the monthly official estimate, constituting 0.133% of the world population.
Sweden Population Projections
The slow annual growth rate in Sweden is expected to continue slowing but at a very gradual pace. Current projections believe that in the years to come, the rate will reach a peak in 2020 at 0.72%, before decreasing towards 0.4% by 2045. After 2045, it is expected that the population will again take an uptick. These predictions believe that the population of Sweden will be 10,121,686 in 2020, 10,712,041 in 2030, 11,157,892 in 2040 and 11,626,301 in 2050.
Components of Population Change
|One birth every 4 minutes|
|One death every 6 minutes|
|One net migrant every 14 minutes|
|Net gain of one person every 8 minutes|