Syria Population 2016

[[getCurrentPopulation()]]

Syria, a Middle Eastern country, has a population that's difficult to determine due to instability. Approximately 5,000 flee Syria every day. In 2012, the country had a population estimated at 22,530,746, and this number dropped to an estimated population of 22,457,336 as of September 2013. In 2016, further declines have led to an estimated population of 18,215,868.

Just recently, Syria was considered a rapidly growing country in the area, growing over 2% in 2009, and growing from just 6 million in 1971 to its current population of 18 million.

Syria's population is comprised of many refugees from other countries. In 2012, it was estimated that 1.8 million refugees in the country were from Iraq, most of whom were displaced during the Iraq war. Syria has also been home to large groups of Palestinians (560,000) and Armenians (100,,000.) Of course, that's now in the past, as Syria has been in a great deal of turmoil and its population is now tumbling out of control.

While Syria's population is currently around 18 million in 2016, this number is dropping every day. The United Nations reports that 5,000 people flee Syria every day, and 28% of its population has now been driven from their homes. There are now 9 million Syrians who have fled, and 6.5 million who have been displaced but stay in the country.

The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Human Affairs (UNOCHA) states that an estimated 13.5 million Syrians are in need of humanitarian aid in 2016. There are now 4.5 million refugees from the country in nearby countries. 117,658 are in Egypt, 245,022 are in Iraq, 635,324 in Jordan, 1.1 million in Lebanon and 2.5 million in Turkey.

Largest cities in Syria

The largest city in Syria is not its capital Damascus, but Aleppo, which is situated in the North East of the country.

Aleppo's population was recorded at 2,132,100 in the 2004 Census, although it has dropped dramatically since, given the civil war and millions fleeing the country. As the country is embroiled in a war, estimates on city populations are unavailable. Although 80% Muslim, it is also home to one of the largest Christian populations in the Middle East. According to the latest estimates, approximately 12% of the city's inhabitants are Christian.

Damascus is the second largest city in Syria, with a population of 1,711,000 (estimate, 2009). It holds the record as the oldest continually inhabited city in the world – there is evidence of human habitation in Damascus dating back to 9,000 BC.

Syria is urbanizing rapidly. It is estimated that in 2010, 56% of the people in Syria lived in an urban environment, and this number is increasing by more than 2% per year.

Syrian Demographics

Syria is a largely Islamic country; according to the latest data from 2007, 87% of the country's population was Muslim. Broken down, around 74% are Sunni and around 13% are Shia. There are approximately 2 million Alawi in Syria today, and representatives of this group dominate Syrian politics and the Syrian military. Syria's current President, Bashar al-Assad, is an Alawi Shia.

The other two major religious groups in Syria are Christian (around 9% of the population) and Druze (3%).

The largest ethnic group (approximately 90%) in Syria is Arab, mostly classified as Levantine. Other major groups in Syria are Kurds (2 million), Syrian Turkmen (0.75-1.5 million) and Assyrians (0.9 to 1.2 million).

The Current State of Syria

Syria's bloody civil war has done substantial damage already, and the country is in ruins, in many ways. Civilian neighborhoods have been bombed, sniper fighting and street fights have taken over and there is no end in sight. In mid-2012, rebels moved into Alebbo, the largest city in Syria, and 2/3 of the city was seized within weeks. Now, regime and rebels are locked in warfare, and the city crumbles. In 2016, it has been estimated that 470,000 people have been killed in Syria's war. Hafez al-Assad's Alwaites regime represents just one eighth of the country, and the Sunni Muslims (who make up 75% of the country's population) make up the resistance.

The UN estimates that 5,000 Syrians flee the country every day, and over 6.5 million people are homeless and displaced in the country. It's estimated that more than half of the refugee population is under the age of 18, and the refugees and displaced now equal 28% of the total population.

Syria  Population in 2016 Source:

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Syria Population Growth

5.2 million refugees are expected to be registered as refugees by the end of 2014, with another 6.5 million internally displaced by December 2014.

In 2010, Syria was dealing with a surging population, but this has dramatically reversed. Last year, the population growth rate was -0.8%, but this has dropped much further. The number of refugees alone will top 5 million by just 2015, according to the UN, which means that Syria's population will be just 19 million in 2017. This drop does not include any further deaths from the country's civil war, which will only drive the population down past this point.

Syria Population Density

About Syria

Official Name Syrian Arab Republic
Languages Spoken Arabic
Borders IRQ, ISR, JOR, LBN, TUR
Is Landlocked No
Latitude/Longitude 35,38
Currencies Used SYP

Syria Population Clock

What is the population of Syria (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2016) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 235
Deaths Per Day 61
Net Migrations Per Day 515
Net Change Per Day 689
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Syria Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 21.993 births/thousand 74th
Crude Death Rate 5.687 deaths/thousand 160th
Crude Net Migration Rate 9.527 people/thousand 2nd
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 69.885 years 132nd
Life Expectancy (Male) 64.155 years 154th
Life Expectancy (Female) 76.772 years 103rd
Total Fertility Rate 2.853 children/woman 70th
Net Reproduction Rate 1.315 surviving daughters/woman 64th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female 87th
Infant Mortality Rate 16.179 deaths/1,000 live births 98th
Under Five Mortality 18.932 deaths/thousand 100th
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.403 years 90th
Rate of Natural Increase 15.703 68th
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 10.234% 147th
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 16.166% 163rd
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 3.621% 94th
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 19.984% 147th
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 28.841% 163rd
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 10.027% 94th
Crude Suicide Rate 0.4 suicides/thousand 167th
Median Age (Total) 24.1 years 150th
Median Age (Female) 24.6 years 152nd
Median Age (Male) 23.7 years 149th

Syria Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2016 18,563,595 50.568% 49.432% 101 105 1.83% 61
2015 18,502,413 50.623% 49.377% 100 106 0.33% 60
2010 20,720,602 50.571% 49.429% 112 94 -1.06% 55
2005 18,132,842 51.161% 48.839% 98 103 3.23% 56
2000 16,354,050 50.771% 49.229% 89 104 2.06% 56
1995 14,331,962 50.804% 49.196% 78 109 2.78% 58
1990 12,451,538 50.809% 49.191% 67 116 2.9% 56
1985 10,667,245 50.8% 49.2% 58 116 3.26% 57
1980 8,956,155 50.798% 49.202% 48 119 3.52% 64
1975 7,564,000 50.932% 49.068% 41 123 3.36% 69
1970 6,378,802 51.029% 48.971% 34 127 3.4% 70
1965 5,398,333 51.179% 48.821% 29 130 3.3% 74
1960 4,592,777 51.384% 48.616% 25 131 3.21% 75
1955 3,921,864 51.652% 48.348% 21 130 3.08% 80
1950 3,413,329 52.063% 47.937% 18 133 2.53% 82

Syria Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 20,993,588 50.144% 49.856% 114 96 4.02% 59
2025 25,558,851 49.727% 50.273% 139 86 2.99% 57
2030 28,647,474 49.438% 50.562% 156 82 1.49% 55
2035 30,424,467 49.187% 50.813% 165 82 1.07% 57
2040 32,070,451 48.973% 51.027% 174 80 0.97% 59
2045 33,571,029 48.798% 51.202% 182 79 0.83% 59
2050 34,902,406 48.66% 51.34% 190 80 0.7% 60
2055 36,038,545 48.562% 51.438% 196 81 0.56% 59
2060 36,958,086 48.497% 51.503% 201 81 0.42% 57
2065 37,657,746 48.472% 51.528% 205 81 0.31% 58
2070 38,166,976 48.497% 51.503% 207 83 0.21% 59
2075 38,508,440 48.566% 51.434% 209 82 0.13% 61
2080 38,703,412 48.65% 51.35% 210 82 0.06% 61
2085 38,754,212 48.742% 51.258% 211 81 -0.02% 62
2090 38,666,742 48.825% 51.175% 210 80 -0.09% 63
2095 38,444,183 48.909% 51.091% 209 79 -0.16% 63
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations