Tajikistan Population 2017

[[getCurrentPopulation()]]

Tajikistan's population of 8 million is substantially higher than the 7.5 million population at the 2010 census, although the country still has a low population density of 48 people per square kilometer (126/sq mi), which ranks 155th in the world.

The capital and largest city is Dushanbe, with a population of 750,000 and a population density of 6,000 people per square kilometer (16,000/sq mi). This compares to a population density of 26,000 people per square mile in New York City.

Tajikistan Demographics

Most of the people in Tajikistan belong to the Persian-speaking Tajik group (79.9%), but there are large populations of Uzbeks (15.3%) and Russians (1%), whose numbers are falling due to emigration. Ethnic Russians accounted for 7.6% of the population in 1989, which has now fallen to 1% after Tajikistan's civil war from 1992 to 1997. The Pamiris of Badakhshan (a region in southeastern Tajikistan and northeastern Afghanistan) are considered a part of the Tajiks. (All citizens of the country are called Tajiks, however.)

The Yaghnobi people live in the mountainous north Tajikistan and number about 25,000. Forced migration in the 20th century reduced their population dramatically.

Bukharan Jews had lived in the region since the 2nd century BC, but there are virtually none remaining now. The German population in the country was nearly 39,000 in 1979, but it has nearly vanished to to emigration to Germany since the collapse of the Soviet Union. There are about 1 million Tajiks working abroad, primarily in Russia, while 70% of the female population lives in villages.

The official language is Tajik, but Russian is also frequently used. Tajikistan has a very high poverty rate yet it has a high literacy rate because it kept the Soviet system of free education. About 99.5% of the population can read and right.

Tajikistan Today

Tajikistan struggles with an underdeveloped health care system and a high poverty rate. The life expectancy at birth is about 66 years old today, while the infant mortality rate is 37 per 1,000. Tajikistan is also the only country in the world where polio is on the rise, with 458 confirmed cases in 2010 from 0 in 2008.

Tajikistan Population in 2017 Source: User:VargaA

Tajikistan Population Density

About Tajikistan

Official Name Republic of Tajikistan
Languages Spoken Russian, Tajik
Borders AFG, CHN, KGZ, UZB
Is Landlocked Yes
Latitude/Longitude 39,71
Currencies Used TJS

Tajikistan Population Clock

What is the population of Tajikistan (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 141
Deaths Per Day 27
Net Migrations Per Day -55
Net Change Per Day 59
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Tajikistan Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 29.096 births/thousand 45th
Crude Death Rate 5.497 deaths/thousand 167th
Crude Net Migration Rate -2.234 people/thousand 158th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 69.85 years 134th
Life Expectancy (Male) 66.605 years 137th
Life Expectancy (Female) 73.678 years 131st
Total Fertility Rate 3.357 children/woman 53rd
Net Reproduction Rate 1.529 surviving daughters/woman 53rd
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female 87th
Infant Mortality Rate 36.052 deaths/1,000 live births 53rd
Under Five Mortality 46.424 deaths/thousand 53rd
Mean Age at Childbearing 27.739 years 159th
Rate of Natural Increase 23.178 43rd
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 8.296% 136th
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 9.574% 130th
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 6.957% 137th
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 20.417% 136th
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 25.072% 130th
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 15.609% 137th
Crude Suicide Rate 3.2 suicides/thousand 132nd
Median Age (Total) 24.2 years 149th
Median Age (Female) 24.8 years 149th
Median Age (Male) 23.6 years 151st

Tajikistan Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2017 8,858,115 50.591% 49.409% 63 147 2.11% 94
2015 8,481,855 50.647% 49.353% 60 146 2.19% 96
2010 7,581,696 50.284% 49.716% 54 147 2.25% 97
2005 6,805,655 50.265% 49.735% 48 148 2.09% 99
2000 6,186,151 50.119% 49.882% 44 149 1.67% 99
1995 5,784,330 50.014% 49.986% 41 149 1.34% 97
1990 5,297,286 49.672% 50.328% 37 149 2.24% 98
1985 4,540,688 49.663% 50.337% 32 149 3.25% 103
1980 3,917,642 49.452% 50.548% 27 150 2.83% 106
1975 3,412,819 49.363% 50.637% 24 151 2.84% 106
1970 2,919,586 49.23% 50.77% 20 152 3.18% 109
1965 2,489,647 49.067% 50.933% 17 155 3.38% 114
1960 2,064,034 48.774% 51.226% 14 155 3.63% 117
1955 1,774,504 48.382% 51.618% 12 157 2.83% 117
1950 1,531,502 48.395% 51.605% 10 161 2.89% 117

Tajikistan Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 9,419,132 50.39% 49.61% 67 146 1.92% 93
2025 10,299,524 50.167% 49.833% 73 140 1.6% 91
2030 11,102,035 49.967% 50.033% 79 138 1.39% 86
2035 11,878,136 49.786% 50.214% 84 134 1.32% 85
2040 12,684,976 49.636% 50.364% 90 132 1.3% 85
2045 13,511,413 49.522% 50.478% 96 128 1.18% 83
2050 14,287,611 49.432% 50.568% 102 118 1.01% 82
2055 14,973,077 49.359% 50.641% 106 115 0.84% 81
2060 15,577,073 49.296% 50.704% 111 116 0.73% 81
2065 16,132,648 49.245% 50.755% 115 114 0.66% 81
2070 16,657,271 49.215% 50.785% 119 115 0.6% 81
2075 17,136,244 49.21% 50.79% 122 115 0.51% 80
2080 17,545,953 49.228% 50.772% 125 112 0.42% 79
2085 17,883,848 49.26% 50.74% 127 112 0.33% 79
2090 18,157,012 49.286% 50.714% 129 112 0.27% 79
2095 18,381,386 49.316% 50.684% 131 111 0.21% 78
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations