Tajikistan Population 2017

8,929,485

Tajikistan, officially the Republic of Tajikistan, is a landlocked country in Central Asia bordered by Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, and China. Over 90% of the country is covered with mountains. In 2017, Tajikistan has an estimated population of 8.92 million, which ranks 96th in the world.

Tajikistan's population of 8.92 million is substantially higher than the 7.5 million population at the 2010 census, although the country still has a low population density of 48 people per square kilometer (126/sq mi), which ranks 155th in the world.

The capital and largest city is Dushanbe, with a population of 750,000 and a population density of 6,000 people per square kilometer (16,000/sq mi). This compares to a population density of 26,000 people per square mile in New York City.

Tajikistan Demographics

Most of the people in Tajikistan belong to the Persian-speaking Tajik group (79.9%), but there are large populations of Uzbeks (15.3%) and Russians (1%), whose numbers are falling due to emigration. Ethnic Russians accounted for 7.6% of the population in 1989, which has now fallen to 1% after Tajikistan's civil war from 1992 to 1997. The Pamiris of Badakhshan (a region in southeastern Tajikistan and northeastern Afghanistan) are considered a part of the Tajiks. (All citizens of the country are called Tajiks, however.)

The Yaghnobi people live in the mountainous north Tajikistan and number about 25,000. Forced migration in the 20th century reduced their population dramatically.

Bukharan Jews had lived in the region since the 2nd century BC, but there are virtually none remaining now. The German population in the country was nearly 39,000 in 1979, but it has nearly vanished to to emigration to Germany since the collapse of the Soviet Union. There are about 1 million Tajiks working abroad, primarily in Russia, while 70% of the female population lives in villages.

The official language is Tajik, but Russian is also frequently used. Tajikistan has a very high poverty rate yet it has a high literacy rate because it kept the Soviet system of free education. About 99.5% of the population can read and right.

Tajikistan Today

Tajikistan struggles with an underdeveloped health care system and a high poverty rate. The life expectancy at birth is about 66 years old today, while the infant mortality rate is 37 per 1,000. Tajikistan is also the only country in the world where polio is on the rise, with 458 confirmed cases in 2010 from 0 in 2008.

Tajikistan Population in 2018Source: User:VargaA

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Tajikistan Population Growth

About Tajikistan

Official NameRepublic of Tajikistan
Languages SpokenRussian, Tajik
BordersAFG, CHN, KGZ, UZB
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude3971
Currencies UsedTJS

Tajikistan Population Density

Name Population
Dushanbe679,400
Khujand144,865
Kulob78,786
Qurghonteppa65,000
Istaravshan52,851
Konibodom50,359
Vahdat45,693
Tursunzoda37,995
Isfara37,738
Panjakent35,085
Khorugh30,000
Ishqoshim26,000
Hisor23,978
Boshkengash23,696
Danghara22,824
Vose'21,736
Farkhor21,736
Chkalov21,537
Chubek19,563
Kolkhozobod18,476
Norak18,122
Yovon17,471
Proletar16,441
Vakhsh15,215
Nov13,833
Adrasmon13,372
Buston13,043
Shahritus13,042
Mu'minobod11,955
Shaydon11,705
Taboshar11,578
Murghob10,815
Rasht10,771
Obigarm10,035
Abdurahmoni Jomi9,943
Khodzha-Maston9,781
Dusti8,700
Sovet8,695
Gharavuti8,474
Pakhtakoron8,220
Panj8,019
Roghun7,731
Kirov7,696
Orzu5,988
Jilikul5,434
Shahrinav5,385
Novobod5,352
Konsoy5,042

Tajikistan Population Clock

What is the population of Tajikistan (as of 11/15/2017)?8,929,485
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)8,921,343
Births Per Day141
Deaths Per Day27
Net Migrations Per Day -55
Net Change Per Day 59
Population Change Since January 1st18,821

Tajikistan Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 29.096 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 5.497 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -2.234 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 69.85 years
Male Life Expectancy 66.605 years
Female Life Expectancy 73.678 years
Total Fertility Rate 3.357 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.529 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 36.052 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 46.424 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 27.739 years
Rate of Natural Increase 23.178
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 8.296%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 9.574%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 6.957%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 20.417%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 25.072%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 15.609%
Median Age (Total) 24.2 years
Median Age (Female) 24.8 years
Median Age (Male) 23.6 years

Tajikistan Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20178,921,34350.22%49.78%622.16%
20158,548,65150.27%49.73%602.27%
20107,641,63050.40%49.60%532.20%
20056,854,17650.33%49.67%481.97%
20006,216,20550.09%49.91%431.52%
19955,764,71249.89%50.11%401.76%
19905,283,72849.57%50.43%373.09%
19854,537,78949.54%50.46%323.05%
19803,905,41349.32%50.68%272.87%
19753,390,93549.17%50.83%242.96%
19702,930,07949.00%51.00%203.33%
19652,487,95348.82%51.18%173.58%
19602,087,03848.64%51.36%153.07%
19551,794,41448.48%51.52%133.22%
19501,531,50148.40%51.60%110.00%

Tajikistan Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20209,475,24650.17%49.83%660.00%
202510,360,35850.08%49.92%721.80%
203011,194,41149.99%50.01%781.56%
203512,022,92149.92%50.08%841.44%
204012,876,07349.86%50.14%901.38%
204513,727,80549.82%50.18%961.29%
205014,521,29149.80%50.20%1011.13%
205515,233,33549.78%50.22%1060.96%
206015,873,91749.77%50.23%1110.83%
206516,466,43649.76%50.24%1150.74%
207017,015,38349.77%50.23%1190.66%
207517,506,40049.80%50.20%1220.57%
208017,921,62149.85%50.15%1250.47%
208518,262,84649.91%50.09%1280.38%
209018,541,06249.97%50.03%1300.30%
209518,764,77650.04%49.96%1310.24%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer