Tajikistan Population 2018

9,139,723

Tajikistan, officially the Republic of Tajikistan, is a landlocked country in Central Asia bordered by Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, and China. Over 90% of the country is covered with mountains. In 2018, Tajikistan has an estimated population of 9.11 million, which ranks 96th in the world.

Tajikistan's population of 9.11 million is substantially higher than the 7.5 million population at the 2010 census, although the country still has a low population density of 48 people per square kilometer (126/sq mi), which ranks 155th in the world.

The capital and largest city is Dushanbe, with a population of 750,000 and a population density of 6,000 people per square kilometer (16,000/sq mi). This compares to a population density of 26,000 people per square mile in New York City.

Tajikistan Demographics

Most of the people in Tajikistan belong to the Persian-speaking Tajik group (79.9%), but there are large populations of Uzbeks (15.3%) and Russians (1%), whose numbers are falling due to emigration. Ethnic Russians accounted for 7.6% of the population in 1989, which has now fallen to 1% after Tajikistan's civil war from 1992 to 1997. The Pamiris of Badakhshan (a region in southeastern Tajikistan and northeastern Afghanistan) are considered a part of the Tajiks. (All citizens of the country are called Tajiks, however.)

The Yaghnobi people live in the mountainous north Tajikistan and number about 25,000. Forced migration in the 20th century reduced their population dramatically.

Bukharan Jews had lived in the region since the 2nd century BC, but there are virtually none remaining now. The German population in the country was nearly 39,000 in 1979, but it has nearly vanished to to emigration to Germany since the collapse of the Soviet Union. There are about 1 million Tajiks working abroad, primarily in Russia, while 70% of the female population lives in villages.

The official language is Tajik, but Russian is also frequently used. Tajikistan has a very high poverty rate yet it has a high literacy rate because it kept the Soviet system of free education. About 99.5% of the population can read and right.

Tajikistan Today

Tajikistan struggles with an underdeveloped health care system and a high poverty rate. The life expectancy at birth is about 66 years old today, while the infant mortality rate is 37 per 1,000. Tajikistan is also the only country in the world where polio is on the rise, with 458 confirmed cases in 2010 from 0 in 2008.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 2 minutes
One death every 11 minutes
One net migrant every 26 minutes
Net gain of one person every 3 minutes

Tajikistan Population in 2018Source: By User:VargaA [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

About Tajikistan

Official NameRepublic of Tajikistan
Languages SpokenRussian, Tajik
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude3971
Currencies UsedTajikistan Somoni
DemonymTadzhik

Countries Bordering Tajikistan

Afghanistan
China
Kyrgyzstan
Uzbekistan

Tajikistan Population Density

Tajikistan Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Dushanbe679,400
Khujand144,865
Kulob78,786
Qurghonteppa65,000
Istaravshan52,851
Konibodom50,359
Vahdat45,693
Isfara37,738
Tursunzoda37,000
Panjakent35,085
Khorugh30,000
Ishqoshim26,000
Hisor23,978
Boshkengash23,696
Danghara22,824
Moskovskiy22,100
Vose'21,736
Farkhor21,736
Chkalov21,537
Chubek19,563

Tajikistan Population Clock

The population of Tajikistan (as of 9/2/2018)?9,139,723
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)9,107,211
Births Per Day689
Deaths Per Day126
Net Migrations Per Day -55
Net Change Per Day 508
Population Change Since January 1st124,460

Tajikistan Population Estimator

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Estimate as of September 2nd 2018 is: 9,139,106

Tajikistan Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20189,107,21150.20%49.80%63.64962.08%
20178,921,34350.22%49.78%62.34962.13%
20168,734,95150.24%49.76%61.04972.18%
20158,548,65150.27%49.73%59.74982.27%
20107,641,63050.40%49.60%53.40982.20%
20056,854,17650.33%49.67%47.90981.97%
20006,216,20550.09%49.91%43.44991.52%
19955,764,71249.89%50.11%40.28971.76%
19905,283,72849.57%50.43%36.92993.09%
19854,537,78949.54%50.46%31.711033.05%
19803,905,41349.32%50.68%27.291062.87%
19753,390,93549.17%50.83%23.701062.96%
19702,930,07949.00%51.00%20.481093.33%
19652,487,95348.82%51.18%17.391143.58%
19602,087,03848.64%51.36%14.581173.07%
19551,794,41448.48%51.52%12.541173.22%
19501,531,50148.40%51.60%10.701180.00%

Tajikistan Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20209,475,24650.17%49.83%66.21950.00%
202510,360,35850.08%49.92%72.40931.80%
203011,194,41149.99%50.01%78.23861.56%
203512,022,92149.92%50.08%84.02851.44%
204012,876,07349.86%50.14%89.98831.38%
204513,727,80549.82%50.18%95.93831.29%
205014,521,29149.80%50.20%101.48821.13%
205515,233,33549.78%50.22%106.45820.96%
206015,873,91749.77%50.23%110.93810.83%
206516,466,43649.76%50.24%115.07810.74%
207017,015,38349.77%50.23%118.91810.66%
207517,506,40049.80%50.20%122.34810.57%
208017,921,62149.85%50.15%125.24800.47%
208518,262,84649.91%50.09%127.62780.38%
209018,541,06249.97%50.03%129.57780.30%
209518,764,77650.04%49.96%131.13780.24%
Data Sources
  1. Agency on Statistics
  2. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1959, 1970, 1979, 1989, 2000 and 2010 censuses, with official population estimates through 2014, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer