Tajikistan Population 2018

9,023,899

Tajikistan, officially the Republic of Tajikistan, is a landlocked country in Central Asia bordered by Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, and China. Over 90% of the country is covered with mountains. In 2018, Tajikistan has an estimated population of 9.11 million, which ranks 96th in the world.

Tajikistan's population of 9.11 million is substantially higher than the 7.5 million population at the 2010 census, although the country still has a low population density of 48 people per square kilometer (126/sq mi), which ranks 155th in the world.

The capital and largest city is Dushanbe, with a population of 750,000 and a population density of 6,000 people per square kilometer (16,000/sq mi). This compares to a population density of 26,000 people per square mile in New York City.

Tajikistan Demographics

Most of the people in Tajikistan belong to the Persian-speaking Tajik group (79.9%), but there are large populations of Uzbeks (15.3%) and Russians (1%), whose numbers are falling due to emigration. Ethnic Russians accounted for 7.6% of the population in 1989, which has now fallen to 1% after Tajikistan's civil war from 1992 to 1997. The Pamiris of Badakhshan (a region in southeastern Tajikistan and northeastern Afghanistan) are considered a part of the Tajiks. (All citizens of the country are called Tajiks, however.)

The Yaghnobi people live in the mountainous north Tajikistan and number about 25,000. Forced migration in the 20th century reduced their population dramatically.

Bukharan Jews had lived in the region since the 2nd century BC, but there are virtually none remaining now. The German population in the country was nearly 39,000 in 1979, but it has nearly vanished to to emigration to Germany since the collapse of the Soviet Union. There are about 1 million Tajiks working abroad, primarily in Russia, while 70% of the female population lives in villages.

The official language is Tajik, but Russian is also frequently used. Tajikistan has a very high poverty rate yet it has a high literacy rate because it kept the Soviet system of free education. About 99.5% of the population can read and right.

Tajikistan Today

Tajikistan struggles with an underdeveloped health care system and a high poverty rate. The life expectancy at birth is about 66 years old today, while the infant mortality rate is 37 per 1,000. Tajikistan is also the only country in the world where polio is on the rise, with 458 confirmed cases in 2010 from 0 in 2008.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 2 minutes
One death every 11 minutes
One net migrant every 26 minutes
Net gain of one person every 3 minutes

Tajikistan Population in 2018Source: User:VargaA

Tajikistan Population Pyramid 2018

0k20k40k60k80k100k120kTajikistan Male Population0k20k40k60k80k100k120kTajikistan Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Tajikistan Median Age

24.2


Total

23.6


Male

24.8


Female

Tajikistan Population by Age

There are 5,278,344 adults in Tajikistan.

About Tajikistan

Official NameRepublic of Tajikistan
Languages SpokenRussian, Tajik
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude3971
Currencies UsedTajikistan Somoni
DemonymTadzhik

Countries Bordering Tajikistan

Afghanistan
China
Kyrgyzstan
Uzbekistan

Tajikistan Population Density

Tajikistan Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Dushanbe679,400
Khujand144,865
Kulob78,786
Qurghonteppa65,000
Istaravshan52,851
Konibodom50,359
Vahdat45,693
Isfara37,738
Tursunzoda37,000
Panjakent35,085
Khorugh30,000
Ishqoshim26,000
Hisor23,978
Boshkengash23,696
Danghara22,824
Moskovskiy22,100
Vose'21,736
Farkhor21,736
Chkalov21,537
Chubek19,563

Tajikistan Population Clock

The population of Tajikistan (as of 1/17/2018)?9,023,899
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)9,107,211
Births Per Day689
Deaths Per Day126
Net Migrations Per Day -55
Net Change Per Day 508
Population Change Since January 1st8,636

Tajikistan Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 27.908 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 5.125 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -2.219 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 71.26 years
Male Life Expectancy 68.45 years
Female Life Expectancy 74.42 years
Total Fertility Rate 3.28 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.513 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.065 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 34.102 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 42.846 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 27.807 years
Rate of Natural Increase 22.783

Tajikistan Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20189,107,21150.20%49.80%63.64962.13%
20158,548,65150.27%49.73%59.74982.27%
20107,641,63050.40%49.60%53.40982.20%
20056,854,17650.33%49.67%47.90981.97%
20006,216,20550.09%49.91%43.44991.52%
19955,764,71249.89%50.11%40.28971.76%
19905,283,72849.57%50.43%36.92993.09%
19854,537,78949.54%50.46%31.711033.05%
19803,905,41349.32%50.68%27.291062.87%
19753,390,93549.17%50.83%23.701062.96%
19702,930,07949.00%51.00%20.481093.33%
19652,487,95348.82%51.18%17.391143.58%
19602,087,03848.64%51.36%14.581173.07%
19551,794,41448.48%51.52%12.541173.22%
19501,531,50148.40%51.60%10.701180.00%

Tajikistan Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20209,475,24650.17%49.83%66.21950.00%
202510,360,35850.08%49.92%72.40931.80%
203011,194,41149.99%50.01%78.23861.56%
203512,022,92149.92%50.08%84.02851.44%
204012,876,07349.86%50.14%89.98831.38%
204513,727,80549.82%50.18%95.93831.29%
205014,521,29149.80%50.20%101.48821.13%
205515,233,33549.78%50.22%106.45820.96%
206015,873,91749.77%50.23%110.93810.83%
206516,466,43649.76%50.24%115.07810.74%
207017,015,38349.77%50.23%118.91810.66%
207517,506,40049.80%50.20%122.34810.57%
208017,921,62149.85%50.15%125.24800.47%
208518,262,84649.91%50.09%127.62780.38%
209018,541,06249.97%50.03%129.57780.30%
209518,764,77650.04%49.96%131.13780.24%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer