Tajikistan Population 2017

8,862,481

Tajikistan's population of 8 million is substantially higher than the 7.5 million population at the 2010 census, although the country still has a low population density of 48 people per square kilometer (126/sq mi), which ranks 155th in the world.

The capital and largest city is Dushanbe, with a population of 750,000 and a population density of 6,000 people per square kilometer (16,000/sq mi). This compares to a population density of 26,000 people per square mile in New York City.

Tajikistan Demographics

Most of the people in Tajikistan belong to the Persian-speaking Tajik group (79.9%), but there are large populations of Uzbeks (15.3%) and Russians (1%), whose numbers are falling due to emigration. Ethnic Russians accounted for 7.6% of the population in 1989, which has now fallen to 1% after Tajikistan's civil war from 1992 to 1997. The Pamiris of Badakhshan (a region in southeastern Tajikistan and northeastern Afghanistan) are considered a part of the Tajiks. (All citizens of the country are called Tajiks, however.)

The Yaghnobi people live in the mountainous north Tajikistan and number about 25,000. Forced migration in the 20th century reduced their population dramatically.

Bukharan Jews had lived in the region since the 2nd century BC, but there are virtually none remaining now. The German population in the country was nearly 39,000 in 1979, but it has nearly vanished to to emigration to Germany since the collapse of the Soviet Union. There are about 1 million Tajiks working abroad, primarily in Russia, while 70% of the female population lives in villages.

The official language is Tajik, but Russian is also frequently used. Tajikistan has a very high poverty rate yet it has a high literacy rate because it kept the Soviet system of free education. About 99.5% of the population can read and right.

Tajikistan Today

Tajikistan struggles with an underdeveloped health care system and a high poverty rate. The life expectancy at birth is about 66 years old today, while the infant mortality rate is 37 per 1,000. Tajikistan is also the only country in the world where polio is on the rise, with 458 confirmed cases in 2010 from 0 in 2008.

Tajikistan Population in 2017Source: User:VargaA

About Tajikistan

Official NameRepublic of Tajikistan
Languages SpokenTajik, Russian
BordersAFG, CHN, KGZ, UZB
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude3971
Currencies UsedTJS

Tajikistan Population Density

Name Population
Konsoy5,042
Novobod5,352
Shahrinav5,385
Jilikul5,434
Orzu5,988
Kirov7,696
Roghun7,731
Panj8,019
Pakhtakoron8,220
Gharavuti8,474
Sovet8,695
Dusti8,700
Khodzha-Maston9,781
Abdurahmoni Jomi9,943
Obigarm10,035
Rasht10,771
Murghob10,815
Taboshar11,578
Shaydon11,705
Mu'minobod11,955
Shahritus13,042
Buston13,043
Adrasmon13,372
Nov13,833
Vakhsh15,215
Proletar16,441
Yovon17,471
Norak18,122
Kolkhozobod18,476
Chubek19,563
Chkalov21,537
Farkhor21,736
Vose'21,736
Moskovskiy22,100
Danghara22,824
Boshkengash23,696
Hisor23,978
Ishqoshim26,000
Khorugh30,000
Panjakent35,085
Isfara37,738
Tursunzoda37,995
Vahdat45,693
Konibodom50,359
Istaravshan52,851
Qurghonteppa65,000
Kulob78,786
Khujand144,865
Dushanbe679,400

Tajikistan Population Clock

What is the population of Tajikistan (as of September 13, 2017)?8,862,481
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)8858115
Births Per Day141
Deaths Per Day27
Net Migrations Per Day -55
Net Change Per Day 59
Population Change Since January 1st15,045

Tajikistan Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 29.096 births/thousand45
Crude Death Rate 5.497 deaths/thousand167
Crude Net Migration Rate -2.234 people/thousand158
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 69.85 years134
Male Life Expectancy 66.605 years137
Female Life Expectancy 73.678 years131
Total Fertility Rate 3.357 children/woman53
Net Reproduction Rate 1.529 surviving daughters/woman53
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female87
Infant Mortality Rate 36.052 deaths/1,000 live births53
Under Five Mortality 46.424 deaths/thousand53
Mean Age at Childbearing 27.739 years159
Rate of Natural Increase 23.178 43
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 8.296 %136
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 9.574 %130
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 6.957 %137
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 20.417 %134
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 25.072 %132
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 15.609 %133
Crude Suicide Rate 3.2 suicides/thousand132
Median Age (Total) 24.2 years149
Median Age (Female) 24.8 years149
Median Age (Male) 23.6 years151

Tajikistan Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20178,858,11550.591%49.409%631472.11%94
20158,481,85550.647%49.353%601462.19%96
20107,581,69650.284%49.716%541472.25%97
20056,805,65550.265%49.735%481482.09%99
20006,186,15150.119%49.882%441491.67%99
19955,784,33050.014%49.986%411491.34%97
19905,297,28649.672%50.328%371492.24%98
19854,540,68849.663%50.337%321493.25%103
19803,917,64249.452%50.548%271502.83%106
19753,412,81949.363%50.637%241512.84%106
19702,919,58649.23%50.77%201523.18%109
19652,489,64749.067%50.933%171553.38%114
19602,064,03448.774%51.226%141553.63%117
19551,774,50448.382%51.618%121572.83%117
19501,531,50248.395%51.605%101612.89%117

Tajikistan Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20209,419,13250.39%49.61%671461.92%93
202510,299,52450.167%49.833%731401.6%91
203011,102,03549.967%50.033%791381.39%86
203511,878,13649.786%50.214%841341.32%85
204012,684,97649.636%50.364%901321.3%85
204513,511,41349.522%50.478%961281.18%83
205014,287,61149.432%50.568%1021181.01%82
205514,973,07749.359%50.641%1061150.84%81
206015,577,07349.296%50.704%1111160.73%81
206516,132,64849.245%50.755%1151140.66%81
207016,657,27149.215%50.785%1191150.6%81
207517,136,24449.21%50.79%1221150.51%80
208017,545,95349.228%50.772%1251120.42%79
208517,883,84849.26%50.74%1271120.33%79
209018,157,01249.286%50.714%1291120.27%79
209518,381,38649.316%50.684%1311110.21%78
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations