Tanzania Population 2017

58,093,604

Tanzania, officially the United Republic of Tanzania, is a relatively large country in East Africa that shares its borders with many countries, including Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The name Tanzania itself derives from the country's two states, Zanzibar and Tanganyika. Zanzibar is an archipelago off the coast of Tanzania and a semi-autonomous part of the country. With 947,300 square kilometers of land, Tanzania is the 31st largest country in the world and the 13th largest in Africa. The estimated 2017 population of Tanzania is 57.31 million, up from the 2014 estimate of 50.8 million, ranking 27th in the world.

The last official census recording the population of Tanzania occurred in 2012 and showed there were 44,928,923 people living in the country. Of this total population, 1.3 million reside on the islands of Zanzibar. This equates to a population density of 47.5 people per square kilometer (123.1 people per square mile). The population is now estimated at over 57.31 million, as Tanzania has one of the highest birth rates in the world and more than 44% of the population is under the age of 15. The total fertility rate is 5.01 children born per woman, which is the 17th highest of any country.

Tanzania has a very uneven population distribution. In the arid regions, population density is as low as 1 person per square kilometer, about 53 people per square kilometer in the water-rich mainland highlands and up to 134 people per square kilometer in the capital city of Zanzibar. About 80% of the population lives in rural areas.

Tanzania Demographics

Tanzania has a very low median age with more than 44.8% of the population under 15, 52% between 15 and 64 and just 3.1% over the age of 64. The country also has an incredibly diverse population with more than 120 ethnic groups.

The Sukuma is the largest ethnic group in the country and represents around 16% of the Tanzania's total population. The vast majority of citizens, including many of the Sukuma, Hehe and Nyakyusa peoples, speak Bantu. There are groups of Nilotic and nomadic Maasai and Luo populations in the country as well, along with two small groups who speak languages in the Khoisan family specific to the Khoikhoi and Bushman people.

While much of the population comes from the mainland, there is one group known as the Shirazis who trace their origins to Zanzibar's early Persian settlers. About 1% of the population on the mainland and Zanzibar are non-Africans. The Asian community in Tanzania, which includes the Sunni Muslims, Parsis, Goans and others, has dropped by nearly 50% in the last ten years to just 50,000 on the mainland and 4,000 on Zanzibar. It's estimated that about 90,000 Arabs and Europeans also reside in the country. While each ethnic group has its own language, Tanzania's official language is Kiswahili, which is an Arabic-influenced Bantu language, as well as English.

Tanzania Population in 2018Source: Muhammad Mahdi Karim (www.micro2macro.net) Facebook Youtube

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Tanzania Population Growth

Tanzania's population growth rate continues to climb with a current growth rate of 3.0% annually. The low median age of Tanzania is attributed to a generalized HIV epidemic in the country. It's estimated that there are over 1.6 million Tanzanians currently living with HIV/AIDS, and the epidemic has resulted in an estimated 1.3 million orphans. The overall HIV rate in Tanzania is 5.1%, although this reaches as high as 15.4% among women in some areas. This epidemic may result in lower life expectancy, a higher infant mortality rate, higher death rate, changes in age and sex distribution in the population as well as a lower population growth.

Despite the epidemic, along with high maternal and infant mortality rates, the population of Tanzania continues to grow rapidly. This is attributed to the very high birth rate of 37.25 births per 1,000 people, with a total fertility rate of over 5 children born per woman. Tanzania has the 18th highest population growth rate and birth rate with no signs of changing.

If trends continue, it's projected that Tanzania will have a population of 95.5 million by 2050.

About Tanzania

Official NameUnited Republic of Tanzania
Languages SpokenSwahili, English
BordersBDI, COD, KEN, MWI, MOZ, RWA, UGA, ZMB
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude-635
Currencies UsedTZS

Tanzania Population Density

Name Population
Dar es Salaam2,698,652
Mwanza436,801
Zanzibar403,658
Arusha341,136
Mbeya291,649
Morogoro250,902
Tanga224,876
Dodoma180,541
Kigoma164,268
Moshi156,959
Tabora145,292
Songea126,449
Musoma121,119
Iringa111,820
Katumba108,558
Shinyanga107,362
Mtwara96,602
Ushirombo95,052
Kilosa91,889
Sumbawanga89,161
Bagamoyo82,426
Mpanda73,338
Bukoba70,628
Singida62,432
Uyovu60,849
Makumbako53,003
Buseresere52,870
Bunda50,944
Merelani50,000
Katoro49,691
Ifakara49,528
Njombe46,724
Lindi41,912
Vwawa40,145
Geita40,000
Nguruka39,135
Newala Kisimani38,099
Geiro37,909
Kidatu37,542
Kasulu37,349
Tunduma36,556
Masasi36,032
Kahama36,014
Kidodi35,953
Igunga35,644
Misungwi35,530
Mlimba34,970
Mafinga34,958
Masumbwe34,780
Chalinze34,335
Babati34,291
Biharamulo34,038
Somanda33,932
Bariadi33,865
Kirando33,111
Tarime33,094
Tumbi32,900
Bugarama32,494
Mvomero31,324
Chanika30,905
Kyela30,684
Kibiti30,163
Kisesa29,804
Lukuledi29,699
Mlandizi29,394
Rujewa29,228
Ilula29,193
Kibondo28,666
Tukuyu28,398
Namanyere28,218
Mkuranga28,037
Bungu27,873
Chato27,776
Kasamwa27,681
Sikonge27,113
Malinyi27,041
Mtinko26,725
Nzega26,584
Maramba26,531
Wete26,450
Magugu26,131
Sokoni25,821
Sepuka25,657
Mbinga25,192
Luchingu25,145
Igurusi24,895
Shelui24,817
Chimala24,817
Kakonko24,688
Uvinza24,650
Nyalikungu24,648
Sirari24,317
Lushoto24,197
Matai24,070
Old Shinyanga23,747
Urambo23,724
Mgandu23,718
Kibaha23,651
Songwa23,618
Kiomboi23,519
Kondoa23,518
Vikindu23,307
Mwadui23,296
Nangomba23,028
Kingori22,839
Igugunu22,810
Ngudu22,658
Chala22,624
Lalago22,551
Kigonsera22,155
Tinde22,082
Rulenge22,069
Maswa22,025
Chake Chake21,686
Mhango21,553
Kiwira21,342
Isaka21,094
Basotu20,937
Mazinde20,534
Muriti20,254
Matui20,241
Hedaru20,231
Nsunga20,049
Dareda19,876
Nshamba19,815
Mpwapwa19,806
Kiratu19,803
Itigi19,711
Ikungi19,692
Nanyamba19,555
Kibakwe19,526
Maposeni19,472
Kabanga19,421
Liwale19,296
Laela19,185
Bashanet19,087
Magomeni19,086
Kihangara19,082
Mtwango19,040
Ilembula18,870
Dongobesh18,864
Matiri18,830
Magole18,753
Mlowo18,737
Usa River18,726
Nangwa18,595
Galappo18,528
Mugumu18,431
Katerero18,430
Nyakabindi18,428
Nachingwea18,058
Izazi18,010
Msowero17,861
Ipinda17,775
Mto wa Mbu17,754
Usevia17,742
Nanganga17,468
Same17,455
Ilongero17,342
Kibara17,211
Ngerengere17,181
Puma17,092
Tandahimba17,041
Muheza17,000
Malampaka16,916
Lugoba16,902
Ngara16,890
Mwandiga16,822
Mikumi16,780
Mungaa16,715
Nyamuswa16,507
Mbuguni16,442
Butiama16,376
Kishapu16,371
Nyangao16,343
Tingi16,315
Kitama16,232
Lembeni16,008
Kamachumu15,701
Mlalo15,576
Makuyuni15,516
Usagara15,514
Mabama15,320
Mlangali15,168
Mahanje15,009
Nkoaranga14,738
Nyakahanga14,611
Endasak14,576
Ndungu14,545
Misasi14,170
Mabamba14,140
Dunda14,080
Kyaka13,810
Mahuta13,548
Nanhyanga13,519
Naberera13,499
Itumba13,438
Mbulu13,430
Liuli13,119
Ikwiriri13,071
Ndago13,012
Mwanga12,846
Chiungutwa12,764
Masoko12,720
Karema12,630
Malya12,627
Kisarawe12,507
Madimba12,507
Kilindoni12,409
Soni12,402
Kaliua12,362
Ulenje12,219
Namanga12,048
Mtama11,928
Katoro11,925
Utete11,888
Kongwa11,840
Matonga11,828
Mbekenyera11,794
Inyonga11,790
Namikupa11,733
Muleba11,555
Lupiro11,430
Kimamba11,235
Namalenga11,204
Mtimbira11,122
Ruangwa11,095
Kisanga10,978
Kitangari10,956
Ngorongoro10,836
Nyanguge10,746
Matamba10,642
Bugene10,609
Mugango10,550
Mingoyo10,480
Kandete10,318
Makungu10,291
Igurubi10,083
Kisasa10,000
Majengo9,874
Micheweni9,838
Poli9,568
Konde9,530
Makanya9,505
Longido9,403
Maneromango9,402
Mwembe9,032
Mbamba Bay8,997
Magomeni8,944
Manda8,393
Kihurio8,377
Pangani8,343
Nungwi8,000
Masuguru7,946
Kintinku7,906
Lulindi7,807
Issenye7,778
Mahenge7,768
Mwaya7,558
Kwakoa7,514
Bukene7,444
Usoke7,295
Kisiwani7,126
Malangali7,112
Mtambile6,797
Nansio6,437
Nakatunguru6,064
Kilimatinde5,975
Monduli5,694
Mahonda5,569
Msanga5,527
Nkove5,389
Kibaya5,028
Mkokotoni2,572
Koani2,211

Tanzania Population Clock

What is the population of Tanzania (as of 12/12/2017)?58,093,604
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)57,310,019
Births Per Day5,886
Deaths Per Day1,027
Net Migrations Per Day -110
Net Change Per Day 4,749
Population Change Since January 1st1,643,154

Tanzania Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 37.988 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 6.654 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.709 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 65.924 years
Male Life Expectancy 64.19 years
Female Life Expectancy 67.644 years
Total Fertility Rate 4.987 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 2.234 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 40.051 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 56.248 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.26 years
Rate of Natural Increase 31.334
Median Age (Total) 17.6 years
Median Age (Female) 17.9 years
Median Age (Male) 17.3 years

Tanzania Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201757,310,01949.45%50.55%61243.13%
201553,879,95749.42%50.58%57253.17%
201046,098,59149.35%50.65%49283.18%
200539,410,54549.33%50.67%42302.89%
200034,178,04249.49%50.51%36322.67%
199529,960,77649.46%50.54%32323.31%
199025,459,60449.47%50.53%27343.12%
198521,836,99949.44%50.56%23363.17%
198018,683,15749.36%50.64%20363.17%
197515,980,30149.27%50.73%17383.27%
197013,605,52949.18%50.82%14383.09%
196511,683,52849.08%50.92%12403.01%
196010,074,50748.99%51.01%11402.88%
19558,740,98648.88%51.12%9462.70%
19507,649,76148.78%51.22%8490.00%

Tanzania Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202062,774,61949.51%50.49%66230.00%
202572,681,07049.59%50.41%77202.97%
203083,702,05349.66%50.34%89192.86%
203595,861,53149.71%50.29%101172.75%
2040109,059,51849.75%50.25%115172.61%
2045123,173,85649.78%50.22%130152.46%
2050138,081,62149.80%50.20%146142.31%
2055153,731,22349.82%50.18%163142.17%
2060170,043,23449.84%50.16%180112.04%
2065186,861,21449.86%50.14%198111.90%
2070204,040,05649.87%50.13%216101.77%
2075221,357,45449.87%50.13%23491.64%
2080238,624,49949.87%50.13%25291.51%
2085255,674,87549.87%50.13%27181.39%
2090272,357,61849.86%50.14%28881.27%
2095288,474,58149.84%50.16%30581.16%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer