Tanzania Population 2017

56,970,949

Tanzania, officially the United Republic of Tanzania, is a relatively large country in East Africa that shares its borders with many countries, including Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The name Tanzania itself derives from the country's two states, Zanzibar and Tanganyika. Zanzibar is an archipelago off the coast of Tanzania and a semi-autonomous part of the country. With 947,300 square kilometers of land, Tanzania is the 31st largest country in the world and the 13th largest in Africa. The estimated 2016 population of Tanzania is 51.04 million, up from the 2014 estimate of 50.8 million, ranking 27th in the world.

The last official census recording the population of Tanzania occurred in 2012 and showed there were 44,928,923 people living in the country. Of this total population, 1.3 million reside on the islands of Zanzibar. This equates to a population density of 47.5 people per square kilometer (123.1 people per square mile). The population is now estimated at over 51 million, as Tanzania has one of the highest birth rates in the world and more than 44% of the population is under the age of 15. The total fertility rate is 5.01 children born per woman, which is the 17th highest of any country.

Tanzania has a very uneven population distribution. In the arid regions, population density is as low as 1 person per square kilometer, about 53 people per square kilometer in the water-rich mainland highlands and up to 134 people per square kilometer in the capital city of Zanzibar. About 80% of the population lives in rural areas.

Tanzania Demographics

Tanzania has a very low median age with more than 44.8% of the population under 15, 52% between 15 and 64 and just 3.1% over the age of 64. The country also has an incredibly diverse population with more than 120 ethnic groups.

The Sukuma is the largest ethnic group in the country and represents around 16% of the Tanzania's total population. The vast majority of citizens, including many of the Sukuma, Hehe and Nyakyusa peoples, speak Bantu. There are groups of Nilotic and nomadic Maasai and Luo populations in the country as well, along with two small groups who speak languages in the Khoisan family specific to the Khoikhoi and Bushman people.

While much of the population comes from the mainland, there is one group known as the Shirazis who trace their origins to Zanzibar's early Persian settlers. About 1% of the population on the mainland and Zanzibar are non-Africans. The Asian community in Tanzania, which includes the Sunni Muslims, Parsis, Goans and others, has dropped by nearly 50% in the last ten years to just 50,000 on the mainland and 4,000 on Zanzibar. It's estimated that about 90,000 Arabs and Europeans also reside in the country. While each ethnic group has its own language, Tanzania's official language is Kiswahili, which is an Arabic-influenced Bantu language, as well as English.

Tanzania Population in 2017Source: Muhammad Mahdi Karim (www.micro2macro.net) Facebook Youtube

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Tanzania Population Growth

Tanzania's population growth rate continues to climb with a current growth rate of 3.0% annually. The low median age of Tanzania is attributed to a generalized HIV epidemic in the country. It's estimated that there are over 1.6 million Tanzanians currently living with HIV/AIDS, and the epidemic has resulted in an estimated 1.3 million orphans. The overall HIV rate in Tanzania is 5.1%, although this reaches as high as 15.4% among women in some areas. This epidemic may result in lower life expectancy, a higher infant mortality rate, higher death rate, changes in age and sex distribution in the population as well as a lower population growth.

Despite the epidemic, along with high maternal and infant mortality rates, the population of Tanzania continues to grow rapidly. This is attributed to the very high birth rate of 37.25 births per 1,000 people, with a total fertility rate of over 5 children born per woman. Tanzania has the 18th highest population growth rate and birth rate with no signs of changing.

If trends continue, it's projected that Tanzania will have a population of 95.5 million by 2050.

About Tanzania

Official NameUnited Republic of Tanzania
Languages SpokenSwahili, English
BordersBDI, COD, KEN, MWI, MOZ, RWA, UGA, ZMB
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude-635
Currencies UsedTZS

Tanzania Population Density

Name Population
Koani2,211
Mkokotoni2,572
Kibaya5,028
Nkove5,389
Msanga5,527
Mahonda5,569
Monduli5,694
Kilimatinde5,975
Nakatunguru6,064
Nansio6,437
Mtambile6,797
Malangali7,112
Kisiwani7,126
Usoke7,295
Bukene7,444
Kwakoa7,514
Mwaya7,558
Mahenge7,768
Issenye7,778
Lulindi7,807
Kintinku7,906
Masuguru7,946
Nungwi8,000
Pangani8,343
Kihurio8,377
Manda8,393
Magomeni8,944
Mbamba Bay8,997
Mwembe9,032
Maneromango9,402
Longido9,403
Makanya9,505
Konde9,530
Poli9,568
Micheweni9,838
Majengo9,874
Kisasa10,000
Igurubi10,083
Makungu10,291
Kandete10,318
Mingoyo10,480
Mugango10,550
Bugene10,609
Matamba10,642
Nyanguge10,746
Ngorongoro10,836
Kitangari10,956
Kisanga10,978
Ruangwa11,095
Mtimbira11,122
Namalenga11,204
Kimamba11,235
Lupiro11,430
Muleba11,555
Namikupa11,733
Inyonga11,790
Mbekenyera11,794
Matonga11,828
Kongwa11,840
Utete11,888
Katoro11,925
Mtama11,928
Namanga12,048
Ulenje12,219
Kaliua12,362
Soni12,402
Kilindoni12,409
Madimba12,507
Kisarawe12,507
Malya12,627
Karema12,630
Masoko12,720
Chiungutwa12,764
Mwanga12,846
Ndago13,012
Ikwiriri13,071
Liuli13,119
Mbulu13,430
Itumba13,438
Naberera13,499
Nanhyanga13,519
Mahuta13,548
Kyaka13,810
Dunda14,080
Mabamba14,140
Misasi14,170
Ndungu14,545
Endasak14,576
Nyakahanga14,611
Nkoaranga14,738
Mahanje15,009
Mlangali15,168
Mabama15,320
Usagara15,514
Makuyuni15,516
Mlalo15,576
Kamachumu15,701
Lembeni16,008
Kitama16,232
Tingi16,315
Nyangao16,343
Kishapu16,371
Butiama16,376
Mbuguni16,442
Nyamuswa16,507
Mungaa16,715
Mikumi16,780
Mwandiga16,822
Ngara16,890
Lugoba16,902
Malampaka16,916
Muheza17,000
Tandahimba17,041
Puma17,092
Ngerengere17,181
Kibara17,211
Ilongero17,342
Same17,455
Nanganga17,468
Usevia17,742
Mto wa Mbu17,754
Ipinda17,775
Msowero17,861
Izazi18,010
Nachingwea18,058
Nyakabindi18,428
Katerero18,430
Mugumu18,431
Galappo18,528
Nangwa18,595
Usa River18,726
Mlowo18,737
Magole18,753
Matiri18,830
Dongobesh18,864
Ilembula18,870
Mtwango19,040
Kihangara19,082
Magomeni19,086
Bashanet19,087
Laela19,185
Liwale19,296
Kabanga19,421
Maposeni19,472
Kibakwe19,526
Nanyamba19,555
Ikungi19,692
Itigi19,711
Kiratu19,803
Mpwapwa19,806
Nshamba19,815
Dareda19,876
Nsunga20,049
Hedaru20,231
Matui20,241
Muriti20,254
Mazinde20,534
Basotu20,937
Isaka21,094
Kiwira21,342
Mhango21,553
Chake Chake21,686
Maswa22,025
Rulenge22,069
Tinde22,082
Kigonsera22,155
Lalago22,551
Chala22,624
Ngudu22,658
Igugunu22,810
Kingori22,839
Nangomba23,028
Mwadui23,296
Vikindu23,307
Kondoa23,518
Kiomboi23,519
Songwa23,618
Kibaha23,651
Mgandu23,718
Urambo23,724
Old Shinyanga23,747
Matai24,070
Lushoto24,197
Sirari24,317
Nyalikungu24,648
Uvinza24,650
Kakonko24,688
Chimala24,817
Shelui24,817
Igurusi24,895
Luchingu25,145
Mbinga25,192
Sepuka25,657
Sokoni25,821
Magugu26,131
Wete26,450
Maramba26,531
Nzega26,584
Mtinko26,725
Malinyi27,041
Sikonge27,113
Kasamwa27,681
Chato27,776
Bungu27,873
Mkuranga28,037
Namanyere28,218
Tukuyu28,398
Kibondo28,666
Ilula29,193
Rujewa29,228
Mlandizi29,394
Lukuledi29,699
Kisesa29,804
Kibiti30,163
Kyela30,684
Chanika30,905
Mvomero31,324
Bugarama32,494
Tumbi32,900
Tarime33,094
Kirando33,111
Bariadi33,865
Somanda33,932
Biharamulo34,038
Babati34,291
Chalinze34,335
Masumbwe34,780
Mafinga34,958
Mlimba34,970
Misungwi35,530
Igunga35,644
Kidodi35,953
Kahama36,014
Masasi36,032
Tunduma36,556
Kasulu37,349
Kidatu37,542
Geiro37,909
Newala Kisimani38,099
Nguruka39,135
Geita40,000
Vwawa40,145
Lindi41,912
Njombe46,724
Ifakara49,528
Katoro49,691
Merelani50,000
Bunda50,944
Buseresere52,870
Makumbako53,003
Uyovu60,849
Singida62,432
Bukoba70,628
Mpanda73,338
Bagamoyo82,426
Sumbawanga89,161
Kilosa91,889
Ushirombo95,052
Mtwara96,602
Shinyanga107,362
Katumba108,558
Iringa111,820
Musoma121,119
Songea126,449
Tabora145,292
Moshi156,959
Kigoma164,268
Dodoma180,541
Tanga224,876
Morogoro250,902
Mbeya291,649
Arusha341,136
Zanzibar403,658
Mwanza436,801
Dar es Salaam2,698,652

Tanzania Population Clock

What is the population of Tanzania (as of 10/16/2017)?56,970,949
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)56,877,529
Births Per Day1,174
Deaths Per Day199
Net Migrations Per Day -110
Net Change Per Day 865
Population Change Since January 1st249,985

Tanzania Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 37.631 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 6.351 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.691 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 66.356 years
Male Life Expectancy 65.053 years
Female Life Expectancy 67.67 years
Total Fertility Rate 4.95 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 2.22 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 31.581 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 42.557 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.051 years
Rate of Natural Increase 31.094
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 14.121%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 14.829%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 13.4%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 28.456%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 30.05%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 26.818%
Median Age (Total) 17.6 years
Median Age (Female) 17.9 years
Median Age (Male) 17.3 years

Tanzania Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
201756,877,52949.73%50.27%643.05%
201553,470,42049.70%50.30%603.10%
201045,648,52549.65%50.35%523.18%
200539,065,60049.65%50.35%443.01%
200033,991,59049.75%50.25%382.63%
199529,903,32949.61%50.39%342.74%
199025,458,20849.53%50.47%293.28%
198521,842,08749.45%50.55%253.04%
198018,684,89349.36%50.64%213.13%
197515,980,26549.27%50.73%183.16%
197013,605,50449.18%50.82%153.18%
196511,683,51149.08%50.92%133.00%
196010,074,49048.99%51.01%112.92%
19558,740,98448.88%51.12%102.79%
19507,649,76648.78%51.22%92.55%

Tanzania Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
202062,267,34949.77%50.23%702.96%
202572,032,83749.84%50.16%812.85%
203082,927,17249.89%50.11%942.76%
203595,004,55049.92%50.08%1072.65%
2040108,174,44349.94%50.06%1222.51%
2045122,259,04549.95%50.05%1382.36%
2050137,135,91649.96%50.04%1552.21%
2055152,692,04549.98%50.02%1722.06%
2060168,831,32550.00%50.00%1911.93%
2065185,436,98550.01%49.99%2091.80%
2070202,342,35150.02%49.98%2281.67%
2075219,331,50350.03%49.97%2481.53%
2080236,224,53050.03%49.97%2671.41%
2085252,822,82950.02%49.98%2851.29%
2090268,962,96350.01%49.99%3041.17%
2095284,452,19049.99%50.01%3211.05%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations