Tanzania Population 2018
Tanzania, officially the United Republic of Tanzania, is a relatively large country in East Africa that shares its borders with many countries, including Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The name Tanzania itself derives from the country's two states, Zanzibar and Tanganyika. Zanzibar is an archipelago off the coast of Tanzania and a semi-autonomous part of the country. Of this total population, 1.3 million reside on the islands of Zanzibar.
The estimated 2018 population of Tanzania is 59.09 million, up from the 2014 estimate of 50.8 million, ranking 27th in the world.
The last official census recording the population of Tanzania occurred in 2012 and showed there were 44,928,923 people living in the country.
Surface Area and Population Density of Tanzania
With 947,300 square kilometers of land, Tanzania is the 31st largest country in the world and the 13th largest in Africa. This, in combination with the total population, equates to a population density of approximately 62 people per square kilometer. The population is now estimated at over 59.09 million, as Tanzania has one of the highest birth rates in the world and more than 44% of the population is under the age of 15. The total fertility rate is 5.01 children born per woman, which is the 17th highest of any country.
Tanzania has a very uneven population distribution. In the arid regions, population density is as low as 1 person per square kilometer, about 53 people per square kilometer in the water-rich mainland highlands and up to 134 people per square kilometer in the capital city of Zanzibar. About 80% of the population lives in rural areas.
The largest city in Tanzania is Dar es Salaam with 2,698,652 in its population.
Tanzania has a very low median age with more than 44.8% of the population under 15, 52% between 15 and 64 and just 3.1% over the age of 64. The country also has an incredibly diverse population with more than 120 ethnic groups.
The Sukuma is the largest ethnic group in the country and represents around 16% of the Tanzania's total population. The vast majority of citizens, including many of the Sukuma, Hehe and Nyakyusa peoples, speak Bantu. There are groups of Nilotic and nomadic Maasai and Luo populations in the country as well, along with two small groups who speak languages in the Khoisan family specific to the Khoikhoi and Bushman people.
The religious diversity in Tanzania is split at Christianity with 61.4% of the population, Muslim 35.2%, folk religion 1.8%, other 0.2%, and unaffiliated at 1.4%.
While much of the population comes from the mainland, there is one group known as the Shirazis who trace their origins to Zanzibar's early Persian settlers. About 1% of the population on the mainland and Zanzibar are non-Africans. The Asian community in Tanzania, which includes the Sunni Muslims, Parsis, Goans and others, has dropped by nearly 50% in the last ten years to just 50,000 on the mainland and 4,000 on Zanzibar. It's estimated that about 90,000 Arabs and Europeans also reside in the country.
While each ethnic group has its own language, Tanzania's official language is Kiswahili, which is an Arabic-influenced Bantu language, as well as English.
Quality of Life in Tanzania
When evaluating the quality of life in a country, numerous statistics can give an insightful glimpse into the daily life of any population. The World Factbook has provided numerous points mentioned here that will give a clear view of the problems that the Tanzanian population currently faces. Malaria and HIV are primary causes of death for children and adults respectively in Tanzania. The HIV prevalence rate here is at 4.5% - the 13th highest in the world.
Nearly 44% of the population is under the age of 15. The median age of the Tanzanian population is only 17.7 years of age, with a life expectancy of 62.6 years of age. In terms of healthcare, there are only .02 physicians per 1,000 residents and .7 hopsital beds per 1,000 residents. Clean drinking water is accessible for only 55% of the population and improved sanitation is available for only 15% of the population. 77.9% of the population over the age of 15 can read and write in any of the official languages used in Tanzania.
Components of Population Change
|One birth every 14 seconds|
|One death every 1 minutes|
|One net migrant every 13 minutes|
|Net gain of one person every 18 seconds|