Thailand Population 2017

68,303,565

Despite the official figures, the Thai Ministry of Foreign Affairs suggests that with unregistered individuals added to the final total, the Thailand population in 2014 was actually closer to 70 million, an increase that could also affect the 2016 estimates as well. It's estimated there are 2.2 million illegal and legal migrants in Thailand, including expatriates from developed countries like the United States. Formal estimates put the expatriate population on the lower side of numbers that fall between 500,000 and one million, but those estimates do not take into account those who stay in the country illegally.

Until very recently, the population numbers were growing at a far greater rate, but it’s claimed that the government-funded family planning program has raised awareness and led to a dramatic fall in birth figures. In 1960, the population growth was at its height with figures of around 3.1% but this has fallen to around 0.34% today.

Thailand Life Expectancy

The life expectancy for an average Thai citizen is also growing but there are many threats to the population. It’s widely accepted that AIDS has reached epidemic proportions in this country and in the present day, at least 700,000 Thais are HIV positive or have AIDS. This represents 2% of the male population and 1.5% of the female population. By comparison, the global percentage of people living with AIDS is about 0.8% as of 2014.

Death rates in relation to AIDS seem to attract wildly different claims and the figures vary greatly between 30,000 and 50,000 AIDS related fatalities every year.

Overall, however, education in public health is believed to have led to a rise in life expectancy and 2013 WHO estimates suggest that this currently stands at 75.0 years for the total population which can be divided into 71.5 years for males and 78.8 years for females.

Thailand Demographics

There is a diverse range of ethnic groups within the country but for the purposes of the overall Thailand population, these have only really been separated into three main groups.

Estimates claim that of the total population, 75% were Ethnic Thai, 14% were Thai Chinese, and 3% were ethnically Malay. The remainder of the population falls into small minority groups including hill tribes, Khmers and Mons.

Thailand Population Density

Thailand is the 51st largest country on earth in terms of total area, but 21st in terms of population. Thailand is 88th in terms of population density, with 132.1 people per square kilometer (342/square mile), based on the 2011 population figures.

While the country's population is spread fairly well, a substantial amount of people live in Bangkok and the surrounding Bangkok Metropolitan Region. Bangkok, located in Central Thailand, has a population of more than 9 million, or close to 13% of the country's population. More than 14 million (or 22.2% of the total population) live in the Bangkok Metropolitan Region. This means Bangkok is much larger than any other urban areas in Thailand.

Thailand Population in 2017Source: Terence Ong

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Thailand Population Growth

As countries become more developed, it's natural to see a decline in fertility rates and an increase in its aging population over time. Thailand has gone through this transition faster than most countries, with the average number of children born to the typical woman dropping from 6 to 2 in less than twenty years between 1970 and 1990.

Fertility rates in Thailand are now 30% below replacement level, although this doesn't mean that Thailand isn't growing. Something known as population momentum, which results from a fairly high concentration of people of childbearing age, should result in slow natural increases for the next decade.

Thailand is currently facing two population problems: a quickly aging population and urbanization. Urbanization is mostly concentrated around Bangkok and its surrounding areas, and many educated Thais are moving abroad while less educated migrants from neighboring countries like Myanmar and Cambodia move into the country.

Thailand has worked to reduce its fertility rates for nearly 3 years, but it now faces an issue with a fertility rate that is too low.

Some estimates show that Thailand will add just 1-5 million more people by 2050 before growth stops. Only time will tell where Thailand heads in the next few decades, and how successful family planning and fertility programs will be.

Thailand Population Density

Name Population
Mae Chai5,094
Moeiwadi5,609
Ban Phru Nai5,713
Ban Dan Lan Hoi5,791
Huai Khot5,940
Ko Lanta6,090
Chai Buri6,126
Ban Karon7,094
Tham Phannara7,119
Tha Khanon7,300
Nong Wua So7,503
Na Mom7,537
Lan Krabue7,633
Fang7,635
Sawang Wirawong7,773
Saladan7,946
Ban Ao Nang8,000
Bang Nam Priao8,642
Pong Nam Ron8,878
Wang Sai Phun8,899
Mae Hong Son9,109
Ao Luek9,628
Phang Nga9,676
Bueng Kan9,712
Sangkhla Buri10,000
Mae Tha10,048
Ban Ko Kaeo10,136
Wapi Pathum10,198
Phayakkhaphum Phisai10,212
Kosum Phisai10,672
Chiang Saen10,807
Chawang10,923
Kham Sakae Saeng11,018
Khiri Mat11,272
Nong Chik11,385
Satuek11,481
Phrai Bueng11,494
Long11,802
Non Sang11,819
Ko Pha Ngan11,846
Wiang Sa11,933
Non Thai11,959
Rong Kwang12,087
Pho Thong12,200
Nuea Khlong12,217
Suwannaphum12,221
Chaiya12,223
Phayuha Khiri12,271
Ban Nam Yuen12,335
Nakhon Thai12,345
Huai Mek12,352
Don Sak12,422
Phanom Thuan12,469
Chom Thong12,488
Si Bun Rueang12,842
Na Wa12,989
Phimai13,084
Phai Sali13,088
Chiang Klang13,244
Chaiyo13,255
Khlung13,286
Waeng13,317
Yang Talat13,360
Ban Sam Chuk13,438
Kranuan13,475
Bang Khla13,528
Nong Ki13,592
Bo Rai13,620
Rawai13,623
Pa Daet13,624
Pho Chai13,671
Ang Thong13,738
Lan Sak13,905
Bang Yai14,012
Si Chiang Mai14,068
Chiang Kham14,092
Soeng Sang14,138
Kantang14,156
Nong Bua14,160
Ban Su-ngai Pa Di14,274
Sai Buri14,356
Sung Noen14,365
Pong14,392
That Phanom14,424
Ban Thai Tan14,430
Chiang Khong14,505
Phon14,596
Doembang Nangbuat14,671
Patong14,797
Bamnet Narong14,890
Nakhon Luang15,008
Bang Saphan15,134
Chom Bueng15,143
Khao Wong15,184
Phon Charoen15,208
Bang Racham15,313
Ban Huai Thalaeng15,352
Chai Nat15,469
Thap Khlo15,528
Prakhon Chai15,564
Dan Khun Thot15,580
Pa Sang15,607
Bang Mun Nak15,616
Wang Saphung15,747
Wang Noi15,865
Ban Mo15,959
Phanom Sarakham16,057
Laem Sing16,066
Phu Kradueng16,079
Lang Suan16,142
Wang Nam Yen16,299
Seka16,493
Huai Yot16,586
Bang Ban16,588
Thap Than16,615
Bo Phloi16,786
Sawang Daen Din16,825
Bua Yai16,832
Bang Rakam16,841
Ra-ngae16,862
Kaset Sombun16,996
Nong Kung Si17,001
Den Chai17,019
Phu Khiao17,122
Tak Bai17,241
Lom Sak17,309
Mae Ramat17,316
Ban Selaphum17,412
Lat Yao17,506
Chon Daen17,567
San Pa Tong17,773
Bang Len17,914
Hang Dong17,931
Ban Chalong18,072
Ban Tak18,384
Non Sung18,399
Thoen18,459
Khao Yoi18,506
Kaset Wisai18,569
Khon Buri18,596
Phan Thong18,708
Bang Krathum18,874
Kui Buri19,046
Tha Ruea19,116
Wiset Chaichan19,129
Nam Som19,324
Phak Hai19,386
Ban Dung19,479
Sam Roi Yot19,709
Ranot19,780
Sawankhalok19,805
Phibun Mangsahan19,883
Sing Buri20,046
Kabin Buri20,212
Aranyaprathet20,236
Bang Pa-in20,484
Kuchinarai20,532
Phayao21,058
Nakhon Nayok21,309
Trat21,590
Yasothon21,643
Ban Nong Wua So21,722
Khanu Woralaksaburi21,889
Taphan Hin21,895
Ban Na San21,900
Phanat Nikhom21,924
Nang Rong21,961
Uthai Thani22,219
Tha Mai22,445
Damnoen Saduak23,296
Chok Chai23,337
Ban Talat Nua23,381
Kamalasai23,393
Ban Bueng23,509
Dok Kham Tai23,824
Tak24,149
Pathum Thani24,547
Ranong24,561
Nan24,670
Kut Chap24,696
Pak Phanang25,014
Chai Badan25,196
Bang Pakong25,620
Phunphin25,810
Si Satchanalai25,942
Ban Talat Bueng26,113
Ron Phibun26,621
Tha Muang26,746
Mae Sai27,520
Nong Phai27,756
Ban Bang Kadi Pathum Thani27,911
Ban Chang28,204
Thung Song28,223
Buriram28,283
Bang Bo District28,376
Sa Kaeo28,497
Amphoe Sikhiu28,681
Kaeng Khro29,056
Ban Phan Don29,211
Bang Phae29,548
Betong29,604
Kaeng Khoi30,332
Na Klang31,024
Yaring31,111
Ban Khlong Bang Sao Thong31,153
Krabi31,219
Prachin Buri32,600
San Kamphaeng32,950
Prachuap Khiri Khan33,521
Ban Ratsada33,534
Nong Bua Lamphu34,401
Satun34,544
Nakhon Phanom34,595
Amnat Charoen34,769
Kathu34,835
Samut Songkhram35,065
Loei35,273
Tha Bo35,292
Ban Phai35,583
Det Udom35,669
Phichit35,760
Photharam36,248
Kantharalak36,621
Sukhothai37,000
Sam Phran37,115
Mae Chan37,672
Phrae38,538
Wichit38,701
Wichian Buri39,272
Roi Et39,328
Bang Lamung39,620
Ban Na40,174
Mukdahan40,480
Nong Khae41,067
Bang Bua Thong41,567
Ban Phaeo41,904
Tha Yang42,602
Su-ngai Kolok42,776
Warin Chamrap43,102
Lamphun43,196
Phatthalung43,522
Pattani43,690
Mae Sot44,563
Si Sa Ket44,751
Sadao46,236
Chum Phae46,335
Phetchaburi46,601
Surin46,673
Pran Buri47,293
Narathiwat47,771
Pak Chong48,999
Cha-am49,375
Chachoengsao49,741
Ko Samui50,000
Hua Hin50,456
Phetchabun50,656
Maha Sarakham51,584
Ban Talat Yai52,192
Tha Maka52,907
Suphan Buri53,399
Kalasin55,102
Klaeng55,619
Chumphon55,835
Phra Phutthabat57,008
Ban Pong57,559
Lop Buri57,761
Uttaradit58,313
Chaiyaphum58,350
Kamphaeng Phet58,787
Ban Lam Luk Ka60,700
Samut Sakhon63,498
Nong Khai63,609
Kanchanaburi63,699
Sattahip65,444
Trang66,713
Saraburi67,763
Krathum Baen72,819
Sakon Nakhon76,237
Bang Kruai78,305
Chiang Rai78,756
Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya81,962
Songkhla84,264
Ban Mai86,899
Phuket89,072
Nakhon Sawan91,802
Ratchaburi92,448
Yala93,558
Phatthaya97,296
Chanthaburi99,819
Phitsanulok103,427
Rayong106,737
Nakhon Pathom117,927
Khlong Luang118,551
Nakhon Si Thammarat120,836
Ubon Ratchathani122,533
Surat Thani127,201
Khon Kaen147,579
Lampang156,139
Phra Pradaeng171,333
Si Racha178,916
Pak Kret182,926
Hat Yai191,696
Chiang Mai200,952
Nakhon Ratchasima208,781
Chon Buri219,164
Udon Thani247,231
Mueang Nonthaburi291,555
Samut Prakan388,920
Bangkok5,104,476

About Thailand

Official NameKingdom of Thailand
Languages SpokenThai
BordersMMR, KHM, LAO, MYS
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude15100
Currencies UsedTHB

Thailand Population Clock

What is the population of Thailand (as of August 21, 2017)?68,303,565
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)68297547
Births Per Day374
Deaths Per Day309
Net Migrations Per Day 53
Net Change Per Day 118
Population Change Since January 1st27,376

Thailand Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 10.021 births/thousand180
Crude Death Rate 8.285 deaths/thousand76
Crude Net Migration Rate 0.285 people/thousand63
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 74.985 years91
Male Life Expectancy 71.722 years91
Female Life Expectancy 78.378 years85
Total Fertility Rate 1.467 children/woman184
Net Reproduction Rate 0.691 surviving daughters/woman188
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.062 males per female25
Infant Mortality Rate 9.648 deaths/1,000 live births122
Under Five Mortality 11.225 deaths/thousand125
Mean Age at Childbearing 27.216 years175
Rate of Natural Increase 1.537 166
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 6.346 %116
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 8.73 %122
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 3.876 %99
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 16.584 %109
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 21.653 %115
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 11.3 %104
Crude Suicide Rate 13.1 suicides/thousand43
Median Age (Total) 37.2 years62
Median Age (Female) 38.2 years63
Median Age (Male) 36.2 years60

Thailand Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
201768,297,54749.244%50.756%133850.17%20
201567,959,35949.286%50.714%133840.28%20
201066,692,02449.388%50.612%130820.32%19
200565,863,97349.41%50.59%128790.47%19
200062,693,32249.455%50.545%122801.14%19
199559,266,08949.735%50.265%116791.03%17
199056,582,82449.533%50.467%110791.13%18
198552,041,46849.854%50.146%101811.83%18
198047,385,32550.077%49.923%92841.99%19
197542,334,95450.118%49.882%82892.45%18
197036,884,91450.117%49.883%72922.89%18
196531,822,79850.088%49.912%62982.99%19
196027,397,17850.074%49.926%53992.97%21
195523,711,04150.07%49.93%461012.82%21
195020,710,35650.162%49.838%401022.63%22

Thailand Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
202068,581,37749.181%50.819%134870.08%20
202568,636,61749.076%50.924%13490-0.06%21
203068,250,23848.972%51.028%13392-0.19%22
203567,441,63948.881%51.119%13295-0.32%25
204066,189,56448.814%51.186%12999-0.46%27
204564,507,28748.789%51.211%126104-0.6%27
205062,451,96948.818%51.182%122109-0.72%32
205560,133,34648.915%51.085%117110-0.81%33
206057,698,22749.06%50.94%112114-0.85%36
206555,277,45449.255%50.745%108119-0.86%43
207052,956,09349.457%50.543%103122-0.86%43
207550,747,64549.658%50.342%99125-0.84%48
208048,673,66449.846%50.154%95129-0.83%50
208546,718,99850.013%49.987%91134-0.81%52
209044,881,67250.155%49.845%87137-0.79%53
209543,169,11350.27%49.73%84138-0.76%53
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations
  2. National Statistics Office of Thailand