Thailand Population 2015

The last official national census was carried out in Thailand back in 2010 and the country’s official population was declared at 65,479,453. Current estimates show a 2014 population in Thailand of 67.2 million, up slightly from 2013’s estimate of 67.1 million, making it the 20th most populous country on earth (a downgrade from its position as number 19 just two years ago).

Thailand Population 2014

Despite the official figures, the Thai Ministry of Foreign Affairs suggests that with unregistered individuals added to the final total, the Thailand population in 2014 is actually nearer 70 million. It's estimated there are 2.2 million illegal and legal migrants in Thailand, including many expatriates from developed countries like the United States.

Until very recently, the numbers were growing at a far greater rate, but it’s claimed that the government-funded family planning program has raised awareness and led to a dramatic fall in birth figures. In 1960, the population growth was at its height with figures of around 3.1% but this has fallen to around 0.4% today.

Thailand Life Expectancy

The life expectancy for an average Thai citizen is also growing but there are many threats to the population. It’s widely accepted that AIDS has reached epidemic proportions in this country and in the present day, 700,000 Thais are HIV positive or have AIDS. This represents 2% of the male population and 1.5% of the female population. By comparison, the global percentage of people living with AIDS is about 0.8% as of 2011.

Death rates in relation to AIDS seem to attract wildly different claims and the figures vary greatly between 30,000 and 50,000 AIDS related fatalities every year.

Overall however, education in public health is believed to have led to a rise in life expectancy and 2011 estimates suggest that this currently stands at 73.6 years for the total population which can be divided into 71.24 years for males and 76.08 years for females.

Thailand Demographics

There is a diverse range of ethnic groups within the country but for the purposes of the overall Thailand population, these have only really been separated into three main groups.

2011 estimates therefore claim that of the total population, 75% were Ethnic Thai, 14% were Thai Chinese, and 3% were ethnically Malay. The remainder of the population falls into small minority groups including hill tribes, Khmers and Mons.

Thailand Population Density

Thailand is the 51st largest country on earth in terms of total area, but 20th in terms of population. Thailand is 88th in terms of population density, with 132.1 people per square kilometer (342/square mile), based on the 2011 population figures.

While the country's population is spread fairly well, a substantial amount of people live in Bangkok and the surrounding Bangkok Metropolitan Region. Bangkok, located in Central Thailand, has a population of more than 8 million, or close to 13% of the country's population. More than 14 million (or 22.2% of the total population) live in the Bangkok Metropolitan Region. This means Bangkok is much larger than any other urban areas in Thailand.

Thailand Population Clock

What is the population of Thailand (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2015) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 9,248
Deaths Per Day 7,810
Net Migrations Per Day 266
Net Change Per Day 1,704
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Thailand Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Median (Average) Age 37.99 years 45th
Crude Birth Rate 9.889 births/thousand 173rd
Crude Death Rate 8.352 deaths/thousand 71st
Crude Net Migration Rate 0.285 people/thousand 58th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 75.08 years 84th
Life Expectancy (Male) 71.82 years 84th
Life Expectancy (Female) 78.46 years 77th
Total Fertility Rate 1.458 children/woman 177th
Net Reproduction Rate 0.691 surviving daughters/woman 180th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.062 males per female 25th
Infant Mortality Rate 9.504 deaths/1,000 live births 121st
Under Five Mortality 11.065 deaths/thousand 124th
Mean Age at Childbearing 27.216 years 166th

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision)

Thailand Population Growth

As countries become more developed, it's natural to see a decline in fertility rates and an increase in its aging population over time. Thailand has gone through this transition faster than most countries, with the average number of children born to the typical woman dropping from 6 to 2 in less than twenty years between 1970 and 1990.

Fertility rates in Thailand are now 30% below replacement level, although this doesn't mean that Thailand isn't growing. Something known as population momentum, which results from a fairly high concentration of people of childbearing age, should result in slow natural increases for the next decade.

Thailand is currently facing two population problems: a quickly aging population and urbanization. Urbanization is mostly concentrated around Bangkok and its surrounding areas, and many educated Thais are moving abroad while less educated migrants from neighboring countries like Myanmar and Cambodia move into the country.

Thailand has worked to reduce its fertility rates for nearly 3 years, but it now faces an issue with a fertility rate that is too low.

Some estimates show that Thailand will add just 1-5 million more people before growth stops, while others place Thailand's population at 74.5 million (a 7 million increase) by 2050. Only time will tell where Thailand heads in the next few decades, and how successful family planning and fertility programs will be.

Thailand Population History

Year Population Male Population Female Population Density (per sq km) Growth Rate
2015 67,959,359 33,494,789 34,464,570 133 0.2752%
2010 66,692,024 32,937,556 33,754,468 130 0.3158%
2005 65,863,973 32,543,698 33,320,275 128 0.4703%
2000 62,693,322 31,004,888 31,688,434 122 1.1448%
1995 59,266,089 29,475,772 29,790,317 116 1.0288%
1990 56,582,824 28,027,324 28,555,500 110 1.1302%
1985 52,041,468 25,944,507 26,096,961 101 1.8303%
1980 47,385,325 23,729,314 23,656,011 92 1.9883%
1975 42,334,954 21,217,610 21,117,344 82 2.4543%
1970 36,884,914 18,485,692 18,399,222 72 2.886%
1965 31,822,798 15,939,424 15,883,374 62 2.9913%
1960 27,397,178 13,718,972 13,678,206 53 2.974%
1955 23,711,041 11,872,201 11,838,840 46 2.8213%
1950 20,710,356 10,388,770 10,321,586 40 2.6344%

Thailand Population Projections

Year Population Male Population Female Population Density (per sq km) Growth Rate
2020 68,581,377 33,728,912 34,852,465 134 0.0767%
2025 68,636,617 33,684,338 34,952,279 134 -0.064%
2030 68,250,238 33,423,695 34,826,543 133 -0.1872%
2035 67,441,639 32,966,221 34,475,418 132 -0.3191%
2040 66,189,564 32,310,101 33,879,463 129 -0.4592%
2045 64,507,287 31,472,720 33,034,567 126 -0.5971%
2050 62,451,969 30,487,794 31,964,175 122 -0.7183%
2055 60,133,346 29,414,036 30,719,310 117 -0.8051%
2060 57,698,227 28,306,909 29,391,319 112 -0.8507%
2065 55,277,454 27,226,840 28,050,614 108 -0.8602%
2070 52,956,093 26,190,414 26,765,679 103 -0.8561%
2075 50,747,645 25,200,403 25,547,242 99 -0.8419%
2080 48,673,664 24,261,964 24,411,700 95 -0.8257%
2085 46,718,998 23,365,620 23,353,378 91 -0.8101%
2090 44,881,672 22,510,501 22,371,171 87 -0.7896%
2095 43,169,113 21,701,207 21,467,906 84 -0.7575%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations
  2. National Statistics Office of Thailand