Thailand Population 2017

69,118,198

The last official national census was carried out in Thailand back in 2010 and the country’s official population was declared at 65,479,453. Current estimates show a 2017 population in Thailand of 69.04 million, an increase from 2014's estimate of 67.7 million, making it the 21st most populous country on earth (a downgrade from its position as number 19 in 2012).

Despite the official figures, the Thai Ministry of Foreign Affairs suggests that with unregistered individuals added to the final total, the Thailand population in 2014 was actually closer to 70 million, an increase that could also affect future estimates as well. It's estimated there are 2.2 million illegal and legal migrants in Thailand, including expatriates from developed countries like the United States. Formal estimates put the expatriate population on the lower side of numbers that fall between 500,000 and one million, but those estimates do not take into account those who stay in the country illegally.

Until very recently, the population numbers were growing at a far greater rate, but it’s claimed that the government-funded family planning program has raised awareness and led to a dramatic fall in birth figures. In 1960, the population growth was at its height with figures of around 3.1% but this has fallen to around 0.34% today.

Thailand Life Expectancy

The life expectancy for an average Thai citizen is also growing but there are many threats to the population. It’s widely accepted that AIDS has reached epidemic proportions in this country and in the present day, at least 700,000 Thais are HIV positive or have AIDS. This represents 2% of the male population and 1.5% of the female population. By comparison, the global percentage of people living with AIDS is about 0.8% as of 2014.

Death rates in relation to AIDS seem to attract wildly different claims and the figures vary greatly between 30,000 and 50,000 AIDS related fatalities every year.

Overall, however, education in public health is believed to have led to a rise in life expectancy and 2013 WHO estimates suggest that this currently stands at 75.0 years for the total population which can be divided into 71.5 years for males and 78.8 years for females.

Thailand Demographics

There is a diverse range of ethnic groups within the country but for the purposes of the overall Thailand population, these have only really been separated into three main groups.

Estimates claim that of the total population, 75% were Ethnic Thai, 14% were Thai Chinese, and 3% were ethnically Malay. The remainder of the population falls into small minority groups including hill tribes, Khmers and Mons.

Thailand Population Density

Thailand is the 51st largest country on earth in terms of total area, but 21st in terms of population. Thailand is 88th in terms of population density, with 132.1 people per square kilometer (342/square mile), based on the 2011 population figures.

While the country's population is spread fairly well, a substantial amount of people live in Bangkok and the surrounding Bangkok Metropolitan Region. Bangkok, located in Central Thailand, has a population of more than 9 million, or close to 13% of the country's population. More than 14 million (or 22.2% of the total population) live in the Bangkok Metropolitan Region. This means Bangkok is much larger than any other urban areas in Thailand.

Thailand Population in 2018Source: Terence Ong

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Thailand Population Growth

As countries become more developed, it's natural to see a decline in fertility rates and an increase in its aging population over time. Thailand has gone through this transition faster than most countries, with the average number of children born to the typical woman dropping from 6 to 2 in less than twenty years between 1970 and 1990.

Fertility rates in Thailand are now 30% below replacement level, although this doesn't mean that Thailand isn't growing. Something known as population momentum, which results from a fairly high concentration of people of childbearing age, should result in slow natural increases for the next decade.

Thailand is currently facing two population problems: a quickly aging population and urbanization. Urbanization is mostly concentrated around Bangkok and its surrounding areas, and many educated Thais are moving abroad while less educated migrants from neighboring countries like Myanmar and Cambodia move into the country.

Thailand has worked to reduce its fertility rates for nearly 3 years, but it now faces an issue with a fertility rate that is too low.

Some estimates show that Thailand will add just 1-5 million more people by 2050 before growth stops. Only time will tell where Thailand heads in the next few decades, and how successful family planning and fertility programs will be.

About Thailand

Official NameKingdom of Thailand
Languages SpokenThai
BordersMMR, KHM, LAO, MYS
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude15100
Currencies UsedTHB

Thailand Population Density

Name Population
Bangkok5,104,476
Samut Prakan388,920
Mueang Nonthaburi291,555
Udon Thani247,231
Chon Buri219,164
Nakhon Ratchasima208,781
Chiang Mai200,952
Hat Yai191,696
Pak Kret182,926
Si Racha178,916
Phra Pradaeng171,333
Lampang156,139
Khon Kaen147,579
Surat Thani127,201
Ban Rangsit123,382
Ubon Ratchathani122,533
Nakhon Si Thammarat120,836
Khlong Luang118,551
Nakhon Pathom117,927
Rayong106,737
Phitsanulok103,427
Chanthaburi99,819
Phatthaya97,296
Yala93,558
Ratchaburi92,448
Nakhon Sawan91,802
Phuket89,072
Ban Mai86,899
Songkhla84,264
Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya81,962
Chiang Rai78,756
Bang Kruai78,305
Sakon Nakhon76,237
Krathum Baen72,819
Saraburi67,763
Trang66,713
Sattahip65,444
Kanchanaburi63,699
Nong Khai63,609
Samut Sakhon63,498
Ban Lam Luk Ka60,700
Kamphaeng Phet58,787
Chaiyaphum58,350
Uttaradit58,313
Lop Buri57,761
Ban Pong57,559
Phra Phutthabat57,008
Chumphon55,835
Klaeng55,619
Kalasin55,102
Suphan Buri53,399
Tha Maka52,907
Ban Talat Yai52,192
Maha Sarakham51,584
Phetchabun50,656
Hua Hin50,456
Ko Samui50,000
Chachoengsao49,741
Cha-am49,375
Pak Chong48,999
Narathiwat47,771
Pran Buri47,293
Surin46,673
Phetchaburi46,601
Chum Phae46,335
Sadao46,236
Si Sa Ket44,751
Mae Sot44,563
Pattani43,690
Phatthalung43,522
Lamphun43,196
Warin Chamrap43,102
Su-ngai Kolok42,776
Tha Yang42,602
Ban Phaeo41,904
Bang Bua Thong41,567
Nong Khae41,067
Mukdahan40,480
Ban Na40,174
Bang Lamung39,620
Roi Et39,328
Wichian Buri39,272
Wichit38,701
Phrae38,538
Mae Chan37,672
Sam Phran37,115
Sukhothai37,000
Kantharalak36,621
Photharam36,248
Phichit35,760
Det Udom35,669
Ban Phai35,583
Tha Bo35,292
Loei35,273
Samut Songkhram35,065
Kathu34,835
Amnat Charoen34,769
Nakhon Phanom34,595
Satun34,544
Nong Bua Lamphu34,401
Ban Ratsada33,534
Prachuap Khiri Khan33,521
San Kamphaeng32,950
Prachin Buri32,600
Krabi31,219
Ban Khlong Bang Sao Thong31,153
Yaring31,111
Na Klang31,024
Kaeng Khoi30,332
Betong29,604
Bang Phae29,548
Ban Phan Don29,211
Kaeng Khro29,056
Amphoe Sikhiu28,681
Sa Kaeo28,497
Bang Bo District28,376
Buriram28,283
Thung Song28,223
Ban Chang28,204
Ban Bang Kadi Pathum Thani27,911
Nong Phai27,756
Mae Sai27,520
Tha Muang26,746
Ron Phibun26,621
Ban Talat Bueng26,113
Si Satchanalai25,942
Phunphin25,810
Bang Pakong25,620
Chai Badan25,196
Pak Phanang25,014
Kut Chap24,696
Nan24,670
Ranong24,561
Pathum Thani24,547
Tak24,149
Dok Kham Tai23,824
Ban Bueng23,509
Kamalasai23,393
Ban Talat Nua23,381
Chok Chai23,337
Damnoen Saduak23,296
Tha Mai22,445
Uthai Thani22,219
Nang Rong21,961
Phanat Nikhom21,924
Ban Na San21,900
Taphan Hin21,895
Khanu Woralaksaburi21,889
Ban Nong Wua So21,722
Yasothon21,643
Trat21,590
Nakhon Nayok21,309
Phayao21,058
Kuchinarai20,532
Bang Pa-in20,484
Aranyaprathet20,236
Kabin Buri20,212
Sing Buri20,046
Phibun Mangsahan19,883
Sawankhalok19,805
Ranot19,780
Sam Roi Yot19,709
Ban Dung19,479
Phak Hai19,386
Nam Som19,324
Wiset Chaichan19,129
Tha Ruea19,116
Kui Buri19,046
Bang Krathum18,874
Phan Thong18,708
Khon Buri18,596
Kaset Wisai18,569
Khao Yoi18,506
Thoen18,459
Non Sung18,399
Ban Tak18,384
Ban Chalong18,072
Hang Dong17,931
Bang Len17,914
San Pa Tong17,773
Chon Daen17,567
Lat Yao17,506
Ban Selaphum17,412
Mae Ramat17,316
Lom Sak17,309
Tak Bai17,241
Phu Khiao17,122
Den Chai17,019
Nong Kung Si17,001
Kaset Sombun16,996
Ra-ngae16,862
Bang Rakam16,841
Bua Yai16,832
Sawang Daen Din16,825
Bo Phloi16,786
Thap Than16,615
Bang Ban16,588
Huai Yot16,586
Seka16,493
Wang Nam Yen16,299
Lang Suan16,142
Phu Kradueng16,079
Laem Sing16,066
Phanom Sarakham16,057
Ban Mo15,959
Wang Noi15,865
Wang Saphung15,747
Bang Mun Nak15,616
Pa Sang15,607
Dan Khun Thot15,580
Prakhon Chai15,564
Thap Khlo15,528
Chai Nat15,469
Ban Huai Thalaeng15,352
Bang Racham15,313
Phon Charoen15,208
Khao Wong15,184
Chom Bueng15,143
Bang Saphan15,134
Nakhon Luang15,008
Bamnet Narong14,890
Patong14,797
Doembang Nangbuat14,671
Phon14,596
Chiang Khong14,505
Ban Thai Tan14,430
That Phanom14,424
Pong14,392
Sung Noen14,365
Sai Buri14,356
Ban Su-ngai Pa Di14,274
Nong Bua14,160
Kantang14,156
Soeng Sang14,138
Chiang Kham14,092
Si Chiang Mai14,068
Bang Yai14,012
Lan Sak13,905
Ang Thong13,738
Pho Chai13,671
Pa Daet13,624
Rawai13,623
Bo Rai13,620
Nong Ki13,592
Bang Khla13,528
Kranuan13,475
Ban Sam Chuk13,438
Yang Talat13,360
Waeng13,317
Khlung13,286
Chaiyo13,255
Chiang Klang13,244
Phai Sali13,088
Phimai13,084
Na Wa12,989
Si Bun Rueang12,842
Chom Thong12,488
Phanom Thuan12,469
Don Sak12,422
Huai Mek12,352
Nakhon Thai12,345
Ban Nam Yuen12,335
Phayuha Khiri12,271
Chaiya12,223
Suwannaphum12,221
Nuea Khlong12,217
Pho Thong12,200
Rong Kwang12,087
Non Thai11,959
Wiang Sa11,933
Ko Pha Ngan11,846
Non Sang11,819
Long11,802
Phrai Bueng11,494
Satuek11,481
Nong Chik11,385
Khiri Mat11,272
Kham Sakae Saeng11,018
Chawang10,923
Kosum Phisai10,672
Phayakkhaphum Phisai10,212
Wapi Pathum10,198
Ban Ko Kaeo10,136
Mae Tha10,048
Sangkhla Buri10,000
Bueng Kan9,712
Phang Nga9,676
Ao Luek9,628
Mae Hong Son9,109
Wang Sai Phun8,899
Pong Nam Ron8,878
Bang Nam Priao8,642
Ban Ao Nang8,000
Saladan7,946
Sawang Wirawong7,773
Fang7,635
Lan Krabue7,633
Na Mom7,537
Nong Wua So7,503
Tham Phannara7,119
Ban Karon7,094
Pa Pae6,291
Chai Buri6,126
Ko Lanta6,090
Huai Khot5,940
Ban Dan Lan Hoi5,791
Ban Phru Nai5,713
Moeiwadi5,609
Mae Chai5,094

Thailand Population Clock

What is the population of Thailand (as of 12/12/2017)?69,118,198
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)69,037,513
Births Per Day1,927
Deaths Per Day1,499
Net Migrations Per Day 61
Net Change Per Day 489
Population Change Since January 1st169,194

Thailand Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 10.231 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 7.956 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 0.324 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 75.376 years
Male Life Expectancy 71.694 years
Female Life Expectancy 79.156 years
Total Fertility Rate 1.473 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.699 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.062 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 9.751 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 11.342 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 27.348 years
Rate of Natural Increase 2.274
Median Age (Total) 37.2 years
Median Age (Female) 38.2 years
Median Age (Male) 36.2 years

Thailand Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201769,037,51348.76%51.24%135200.28%
201568,657,60048.83%51.17%134200.43%
201067,208,80849.01%50.99%131190.54%
200565,425,47049.18%50.82%128190.77%
200062,958,02149.39%50.61%123191.14%
199559,491,79049.66%50.34%116171.01%
199056,582,82149.53%50.47%110191.69%
198552,041,46949.85%50.15%101181.89%
198047,385,32350.08%49.92%92192.28%
197542,334,95450.12%49.88%83182.79%
197036,884,91350.12%49.88%72183.00%
196531,822,79650.09%49.91%62193.04%
196027,397,17550.07%49.93%53212.93%
195523,711,04650.07%49.93%46212.74%
195020,710,36050.16%49.84%40220.00%

Thailand Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202069,410,86848.67%51.33%135200.00%
202569,685,48648.52%51.48%136210.08%
203069,626,21248.39%51.61%13622-0.02%
203569,199,65848.28%51.72%13524-0.12%
204068,338,47448.20%51.80%13326-0.25%
204567,045,54548.17%51.83%13129-0.38%
205065,372,34548.20%51.80%12731-0.50%
205563,432,26848.31%51.69%12432-0.60%
206061,386,89048.48%51.52%12035-0.65%
206559,368,94348.69%51.31%11638-0.67%
207057,437,93548.90%51.10%11243-0.66%
207555,618,21449.09%50.91%10844-0.64%
208053,874,00249.24%50.76%10545-0.64%
208552,179,08249.34%50.66%10247-0.64%
209050,530,58449.43%50.57%9848-0.64%
209548,964,98849.52%50.48%9549-0.63%
Data Sources