Timor Leste Population 2017

1,236,733

The population is mostly concentrated around Dili, the largest city and capital, with a population of 234,000. The population of 1.15 million is substantially higher than the 2000 population of just 853,000.

Timor-Leste Demographics

The term Maubere was used by the Portuguese to refer to native East Timorese and usually used as a synonym for the uneducated and illiterate, although it is now used as a term of pride. Maubere have many different ethnic groups, many of which are of mixed Malayo-Polynesian and Melanesian/Papuan descent.

The largest Malayo-Polynesian group are the Tetum (100,000), who live around Dili, follwed by the Mambai (80,000) in the mountains, the Tukudede (63,000) around Liquica and Maubara, the Galoli (50,000), the Kemak (50,000) in north-central Timor island, and the Baikeno (20,000).

The main groups of Papuan origin are the Bunak (50,000) in the central region of Timor island, the Fataluka (30,000) near Lospalos and the Makasae at the eastern end of the island.

There is also a large population of people of mixed East Timorese and Portuguese origin called mesticos, and a small Chinese minority.

Timor-Leste is one of just two predominantly Roman Catholic countries in Asia, along with the Philippines.

Timor-Leste History

It is believed that descendants from three separate migration waves continue to live in East Timor, including the Australoid indigenous people from Australia and New Guinea, who arrived 40,000 years ago.

In the 16th century, Timor-Leste was colonized by Portugal and known as Portuguese Timor. The Portuguese established outposts in the area. During World War II, it was occupied by the Japanese and the struggle to defeat the Japanese by Allied forces and East Timorese volunteers led to the deaths of up to 70,000 East Timorese. Portugal effectively abandoned its colony in 1974, and Timor-Leste declared independence in 1975 but was invaded and occupied by Indonesia. The Indonesian occupation was marked by violence and brutality, which killed about 100,000 people. In 1999, Indonesia relinquished control of the territory.

Timor-Leste Today

Nearly 37% of the population lives below the international poverty line of $1.25 UDS per day, and 50% of the population is illiterate. The country still struggles with the aftereffects of its struggle for independence from Indonesia, which killed a minimum of 100,000 people.

Timor Leste Population in 2017Source: Nick Hobgood

About Timor Leste

Official NameDemocratic Republic of Timor-Leste
Languages SpokenTetum, Portuguese
BordersIDN
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude-8.83333333125.91666666
Currencies UsedUSD

Timor Leste Population Density

Name Population
Manatuto1,924
Pante Makasar4,730
Viqueque6,078
Gleno8,133
Ainaro12,000
Baucau16,000
Venilale16,000
Maubara16,300
Lospalos17,186
Aileu17,356
Liquica19,000
Suai21,539
Maliana22,000
Same25,000
Dili150,000

Timor Leste Population Clock

What is the population of Timor Leste (as of September 13, 2017)?1,236,733
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)1237251
Births Per Day24
Deaths Per Day4
Net Migrations Per Day -27
Net Change Per Day -7
Population Change Since January 1st-1,785

Timor Leste Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 35.67 births/thousand19
Crude Death Rate 6.566 deaths/thousand131
Crude Net Migration Rate -8.003 people/thousand186
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 69.11 years141
Male Life Expectancy 67.358 years131
Female Life Expectancy 70.972 years141
Total Fertility Rate 5.383 children/woman11
Net Reproduction Rate 2.438 surviving daughters/woman3
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female87
Infant Mortality Rate 38.154 deaths/1,000 live births49
Under Five Mortality 47.836 deaths/thousand52
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.208 years57
Rate of Natural Increase 28.772 15
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 8.403 %137
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 9.509 %129
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 7.237 %139
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 18.869 %121
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 21.42 %114
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 16.122 %136
Crude Suicide Rate 5.4 suicides/thousand107
Median Age (Total) 18.8 years191
Median Age (Female) 19.4 years190
Median Age (Male) 18.2 years195

Timor Leste Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20171,237,25150.77%49.23%831222.05%157
20151,184,76550.776%49.224%791262.21%157
20101,057,12250.786%49.214%711281.92%158
2005989,49750.696%49.304%661281.89%156
2000847,18550.705%49.295%561322.18%156
1995856,43950.539%49.461%571270.36%155
1990740,23150.587%49.413%491333.28%156
1985657,01850.677%49.323%441322.57%158
1980577,58050.675%49.325%381320.51%159
1975661,63350.764%49.236%44119-1.7%152
1970602,73750.783%49.217%401182.58%153
1965547,03550.77%49.23%361171.85%152
1960499,52550.743%49.257%331161.74%152
1955461,25650.709%49.291%311141.47%153
1950433,39850.623%49.377%291111.1%151

Timor Leste Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20201,314,53350.765%49.235%881221.97%155
20251,445,48150.756%49.244%971171.79%153
20301,576,66850.749%49.251%1061111.67%153
20351,711,80750.737%49.263%1151041.63%152
20401,856,23750.719%49.281%1241031.61%151
20452,009,26750.7%49.3%1351001.52%149
20502,161,76250.683%49.317%145991.37%149
20552,308,50250.671%49.329%155961.22%149
20602,447,52650.66%49.34%164931.1%148
20652,580,64050.651%49.349%173921.01%145
20702,709,21250.645%49.355%182890.92%143
20752,830,56350.644%49.356%190880.81%142
20802,940,46250.646%49.354%197830.69%140
20853,036,22550.66%49.34%204830.57%140
20903,116,66050.681%49.319%209820.46%140
20953,182,17450.718%49.282%214770.36%140
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations