Timor Leste Population 2017

[[getCurrentPopulation()]]

The population is mostly concentrated around Dili, the largest city and capital, with a population of 234,000. The population of 1.15 million is substantially higher than the 2000 population of just 853,000.

Timor-Leste Demographics

The term Maubere was used by the Portuguese to refer to native East Timorese and usually used as a synonym for the uneducated and illiterate, although it is now used as a term of pride. Maubere have many different ethnic groups, many of which are of mixed Malayo-Polynesian and Melanesian/Papuan descent.

The largest Malayo-Polynesian group are the Tetum (100,000), who live around Dili, follwed by the Mambai (80,000) in the mountains, the Tukudede (63,000) around Liquica and Maubara, the Galoli (50,000), the Kemak (50,000) in north-central Timor island, and the Baikeno (20,000).

The main groups of Papuan origin are the Bunak (50,000) in the central region of Timor island, the Fataluka (30,000) near Lospalos and the Makasae at the eastern end of the island.

There is also a large population of people of mixed East Timorese and Portuguese origin called mesticos, and a small Chinese minority.

Timor-Leste is one of just two predominantly Roman Catholic countries in Asia, along with the Philippines.

Timor-Leste History

It is believed that descendants from three separate migration waves continue to live in East Timor, including the Australoid indigenous people from Australia and New Guinea, who arrived 40,000 years ago.

In the 16th century, Timor-Leste was colonized by Portugal and known as Portuguese Timor. The Portuguese established outposts in the area. During World War II, it was occupied by the Japanese and the struggle to defeat the Japanese by Allied forces and East Timorese volunteers led to the deaths of up to 70,000 East Timorese. Portugal effectively abandoned its colony in 1974, and Timor-Leste declared independence in 1975 but was invaded and occupied by Indonesia. The Indonesian occupation was marked by violence and brutality, which killed about 100,000 people. In 1999, Indonesia relinquished control of the territory.

Timor-Leste Today

Nearly 37% of the population lives below the international poverty line of $1.25 UDS per day, and 50% of the population is illiterate. The country still struggles with the aftereffects of its struggle for independence from Indonesia, which killed a minimum of 100,000 people.

Timor Leste Population in 2017 Source: Nick Hobgood

Timor Leste Population Density

About Timor Leste

Official Name Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste
Languages Spoken Tetum, Portuguese
Borders IDN
Is Landlocked No
Latitude/Longitude -8.83333333,125.91666666
Currencies Used USD

Timor Leste Population Clock

What is the population of Timor Leste (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 24
Deaths Per Day 4
Net Migrations Per Day -27
Net Change Per Day -7
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Timor Leste Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 35.67 births/thousand 19th
Crude Death Rate 6.566 deaths/thousand 131st
Crude Net Migration Rate -8.003 people/thousand 186th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 69.11 years 141st
Life Expectancy (Male) 67.358 years 131st
Life Expectancy (Female) 70.972 years 141st
Total Fertility Rate 5.383 children/woman 11th
Net Reproduction Rate 2.438 surviving daughters/woman 3rd
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female 87th
Infant Mortality Rate 38.154 deaths/1,000 live births 49th
Under Five Mortality 47.836 deaths/thousand 52nd
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.208 years 57th
Rate of Natural Increase 28.772 15th
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 8.403% 137th
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 9.509% 129th
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 7.237% 139th
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 18.869% 137th
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 21.42% 129th
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 16.122% 139th
Crude Suicide Rate 5.4 suicides/thousand 107th
Median Age (Total) 18.8 years 191st
Median Age (Female) 19.4 years 190th
Median Age (Male) 18.2 years 195th

Timor Leste Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2017 1,237,251 50.77% 49.23% 83 122 2.05% 157
2015 1,184,765 50.776% 49.224% 79 126 2.21% 157
2010 1,057,122 50.786% 49.214% 71 128 1.92% 158
2005 989,497 50.696% 49.304% 66 128 1.89% 156
2000 847,185 50.705% 49.295% 56 132 2.18% 156
1995 856,439 50.539% 49.461% 57 127 0.36% 155
1990 740,231 50.587% 49.413% 49 133 3.28% 156
1985 657,018 50.677% 49.323% 44 132 2.57% 158
1980 577,580 50.675% 49.325% 38 132 0.51% 159
1975 661,633 50.764% 49.236% 44 119 -1.7% 152
1970 602,737 50.783% 49.217% 40 118 2.58% 153
1965 547,035 50.77% 49.23% 36 117 1.85% 152
1960 499,525 50.743% 49.257% 33 116 1.74% 152
1955 461,256 50.709% 49.291% 31 114 1.47% 153
1950 433,398 50.623% 49.377% 29 111 1.1% 151

Timor Leste Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 1,314,533 50.765% 49.235% 88 122 1.97% 155
2025 1,445,481 50.756% 49.244% 97 117 1.79% 153
2030 1,576,668 50.749% 49.251% 106 111 1.67% 153
2035 1,711,807 50.737% 49.263% 115 104 1.63% 152
2040 1,856,237 50.719% 49.281% 124 103 1.61% 151
2045 2,009,267 50.7% 49.3% 135 100 1.52% 149
2050 2,161,762 50.683% 49.317% 145 99 1.37% 149
2055 2,308,502 50.671% 49.329% 155 96 1.22% 149
2060 2,447,526 50.66% 49.34% 164 93 1.1% 148
2065 2,580,640 50.651% 49.349% 173 92 1.01% 145
2070 2,709,212 50.645% 49.355% 182 89 0.92% 143
2075 2,830,563 50.644% 49.356% 190 88 0.81% 142
2080 2,940,462 50.646% 49.354% 197 83 0.69% 140
2085 3,036,225 50.66% 49.34% 204 83 0.57% 140
2090 3,116,660 50.681% 49.319% 209 82 0.46% 140
2095 3,182,174 50.718% 49.282% 214 77 0.36% 140
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations