Timor-Leste Population 2018

1,311,302

Timor-Leste, also known as East Timor and officially the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste, is a country in Southeast Asia. It is made up of the eastern half of Timor island, nearby islands of Jaco and Atauro, and Oecusse, an exclave on the island within Indonesian West Timor. In 2018, the estimated population of Timor-Leste is 1.32 million, which ranks 158th in the world.

The population is mostly concentrated around Dili, the largest city and capital, with a population of 234,000. The population of 1.32 million is substantially higher than the 2000 population of just 853,000.

Timor-Leste Demographics

The term Maubere was used by the Portuguese to refer to native East Timorese and usually used as a synonym for the uneducated and illiterate, although it is now used as a term of pride. Maubere have many different ethnic groups, many of which are of mixed Malayo-Polynesian and Melanesian/Papuan descent.

The largest Malayo-Polynesian group are the Tetum (100,000), who live around Dili, follwed by the Mambai (80,000) in the mountains, the Tukudede (63,000) around Liquica and Maubara, the Galoli (50,000), the Kemak (50,000) in north-central Timor island, and the Baikeno (20,000).

The main groups of Papuan origin are the Bunak (50,000) in the central region of Timor island, the Fataluka (30,000) near Lospalos and the Makasae at the eastern end of the island.

There is also a large population of people of mixed East Timorese and Portuguese origin called mesticos, and a small Chinese minority.

Timor-Leste is one of just two predominantly Roman Catholic countries in Asia, along with the Philippines.

Timor-Leste History

It is believed that descendants from three separate migration waves continue to live in East Timor, including the Australoid indigenous people from Australia and New Guinea, who arrived 40,000 years ago.

In the 16th century, Timor-Leste was colonized by Portugal and known as Portuguese Timor. The Portuguese established outposts in the area. During World War II, it was occupied by the Japanese and the struggle to defeat the Japanese by Allied forces and East Timorese volunteers led to the deaths of up to 70,000 East Timorese. Portugal effectively abandoned its colony in 1974, and Timor-Leste declared independence in 1975 but was invaded and occupied by Indonesia. The Indonesian occupation was marked by violence and brutality, which killed about 100,000 people. In 1999, Indonesia relinquished control of the territory.

Timor-Leste Today

Nearly 37% of the population lives below the international poverty line of $1.25 UDS per day, and 50% of the population is illiterate. The country still struggles with the aftereffects of its struggle for independence from Indonesia, which killed a minimum of 100,000 people.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 12 minutes
One death every 76 minutes
One net migrant every 53 minutes
Net gain of one person every 18 minutes

Timor-Leste Population in 2018Source: Nick Hobgood

Timor-Leste Population Pyramid 2018

0k5k10k15k20kTimor-Leste Male Population0k5k10k15k20kTimor-Leste Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Timor-Leste Median Age

18.8


Total

18.2


Male

19.4


Female

Timor-Leste Population by Age

There are 637,636 adults in Timor-Leste.

About Timor-Leste

Official NameDemocratic Republic of Timor-Leste
Languages SpokenPortuguese, Tetum
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude-8.83333333125.91666666
Currencies UsedUnited States Dollar
DemonymEast Timorese

Countries Bordering Timor-Leste

Indonesia

Timor-Leste Population Density

Timor-Leste Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Dili150,000
Same25,000
Maliana22,000
Suai21,539
Liquica19,000
Aileu17,356
Lospalos17,186
Maubara16,300
Baucau16,000
Venilale16,000
Ainaro12,000
Gleno8,133
Viqueque6,078
Pante Makasar4,730
Manatuto1,924

Timor-Leste Population Clock

The population of Timor-Leste (as of 1/17/2018)?1,311,302
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)1,324,094
Births Per Day124
Deaths Per Day19
Net Migrations Per Day -27
Net Change Per Day 78
Population Change Since January 1st1,326

Timor-Leste Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 34.404 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 5.358 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -7.627 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 69.37 years
Male Life Expectancy 67.6 years
Female Life Expectancy 71.26 years
Total Fertility Rate 5.337 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 2.448 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 34.29 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 43.715 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.337 years
Rate of Natural Increase 29.046

Timor-Leste Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20181,324,09450.78%49.22%89.021552.18%
20151,240,97750.78%49.22%83.431572.26%
20101,109,59150.78%49.22%74.601581.57%
20051,026,48450.70%49.30%69.011563.33%
2000871,60750.71%49.29%58.601560.00%
1995871,44750.54%49.46%58.591552.99%
1990751,93350.60%49.40%50.551562.43%
1985666,94550.70%49.30%44.841582.57%
1980587,56350.70%49.30%39.50158-2.45%
1975664,98450.77%49.23%44.711521.90%
1970605,12550.79%49.21%40.681531.99%
1965548,21850.77%49.23%36.861521.86%
1960499,95050.75%49.25%33.611521.62%
1955461,38550.71%49.29%31.021531.26%
1950433,39750.62%49.38%29.141510.00%

Timor-Leste Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20201,381,40050.78%49.22%92.871550.00%
20251,536,34150.77%49.23%103.291552.15%
20301,704,10550.75%49.24%114.571542.09%
20351,879,94350.73%49.27%126.391531.98%
20402,059,55150.71%49.29%138.471511.84%
20452,240,42450.69%49.31%150.631511.70%
20502,420,76050.67%49.33%162.751491.56%
20552,602,83950.65%49.35%174.991481.46%
20602,784,66550.62%49.38%187.221461.36%
20652,963,44150.60%49.40%199.241431.25%
20703,134,18550.56%49.44%210.721411.13%
20753,292,26850.52%49.48%221.341410.99%
20803,435,66850.48%49.52%230.981410.86%
20853,562,50250.45%49.55%239.511400.73%
20903,673,50650.43%49.57%246.971400.62%
20953,768,64950.43%49.57%253.371400.51%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer