Tonga Population 2017

107,744

Tonga, officially the Kingdom of Tonga, is a Polynesian sovereign state and archipelago made up of 176 islands with a total area of 290 square miles (748 km²) that are spread over 270,000 square miles in the southern Pacific Ocean. In 2017, the population of Tonga is estimated at 108,020.

Only 52 of the 176 islands of Tonga are inhabited, with an estimated population of 108,020, compared to the 2011 census figure of 103,000. While this small nation has a small population, it has a rather high population density of 139 people per square kilometer (360/sq mi), which ranks 76th in the world.

The capital and largest city of Tonga is Nuku'alofa on the island of Tongatapu, the southernmost island group, with a population of 24,500. More than 70% of Tonga's population live on the main island of Tongatapu.

Tonga Demographics

Tongans, who are ethnically Polynesian with a mixture of Melanesian, account for over 98% of the inhabitants of the country. 1.5% are mixed Tongans, while the rest are European, particularly British, mixed European or other Pacific Islander. There were about 4,000 Chinese people in the country in 2001, or 4% of the population, although riots in 2006 targeting Chinese-owned businesses in the city led to mass emigration and fewer than 300 remain now.

95% of Tonga's population are overweight, while over 60% are obese. Tonga and nearby Nauru have the highest overweight and obese populations in the world.

While many Tongans are moving to the only urban area of Nuku'alofa, village life and ties still remain influential in Tonga. The country's population has also continued to grow despite emigration away from Tonga.

Tonga Population in 2018Source: Pilgrim81

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Tonga Population Growth

Tonga is currently growing at a rate of 0.4% per year. Its modest growth rate is due, in part, to high emigration to the United States and other countries. This trend is expected to continue.

About Tonga

Official NameKingdom of Tonga
Languages SpokenTongan, English
Borders
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude-20-175
Currencies UsedTOP

Tonga Population Density

Name Population
Nuku'alofa22,400
Neiafu4,320
Pangai1,738
`Ohonua1,241
Hihifo815

Tonga Population Clock

What is the population of Tonga (as of 11/15/2017)?107,744
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)108,020
Births Per Day1
Deaths Per Day
Net Migrations Per Day -3
Net Change Per Day -2
Population Change Since January 1st-638

Tonga Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 23.504 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 5.925 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -8.912 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 73.312 years
Male Life Expectancy 70.357 years
Female Life Expectancy 76.283 years
Total Fertility Rate 3.595 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.687 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 19.083 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 22.6 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 31.083 years
Rate of Natural Increase 17.377
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 4.528%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 4.938%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 4.102%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 15.025%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 18.143%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 11.986%
Median Age (Total) 22.6 years
Median Age (Female) 23.1 years
Median Age (Male) 22.2 years

Tonga Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
2017108,02050.16%49.83%1450.78%
2015106,36450.14%49.86%1420.42%
2010104,13750.08%49.92%1390.61%
2005101,04150.15%49.85%1350.60%
200098,08250.86%49.14%1310.41%
199596,07650.70%49.30%1290.19%
199095,15350.71%49.30%1270.25%
198593,95350.54%49.46%1260.20%
198093,00750.93%49.07%1251.03%
197588,34851.21%48.80%1180.93%
197084,36951.20%48.80%1132.56%
196574,36251.02%48.99%1003.84%
196061,60150.76%49.23%822.17%
195555,32350.70%49.31%743.22%
195047,22050.80%49.20%630.00%

Tonga Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
2020111,03750.19%49.81%1490.00%
2025115,79350.24%49.76%1550.84%
2030121,05550.29%49.71%1620.89%
2035126,59650.35%49.66%1690.90%
2040131,90650.40%49.60%1770.83%
2045136,38750.47%49.54%1830.67%
2050139,92650.54%49.46%1870.51%
2055143,06850.62%49.38%1920.45%
2060146,23250.70%49.31%1960.44%
2065149,46550.76%49.23%2000.44%
2070152,46550.81%49.19%2040.40%
2075154,88850.82%49.18%2070.32%
2080156,52850.81%49.20%2100.21%
2085157,48650.78%49.22%2110.12%
2090157,98650.77%49.23%2110.06%
2095158,21250.78%49.22%2120.03%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer