Tonga Population 2017

107,649

Only 52 of the 176 islands of Tonga are inhabited, with an estimated population of 105,000, compared to the 2011 census figure of 103,000. While this small nation has a small population, it has a rather high population density of 139 people per square kilometer (360/sq mi), which ranks 76th in the world.

The capital and largest city of Tonga is Nuku'alofa on the island of Tongatapu, the southernmost island group, with a population of 24,500. More than 70% of Tonga's population live on the main island of Tongatapu.

Tonga Demographics

Tongans, who are ethnically Polynesian with a mixture of Melanesian, account for over 98% of the inhabitants of the country. 1.5% are mixed Tongans, while the rest are European, particularly British, mixed European or other Pacific Islander. There were about 4,000 Chinese people in the country in 2001, or 4% of the population, although riots in 2006 targeting Chinese-owned businesses in the city led to mass emigration and fewer than 300 remain now.

95% of Tonga's population are overweight, while over 60% are obese. Tonga and nearby Nauru have the highest overweight and obese populations in the world.

While many Tongans are moving to the only urban area of Nuku'alofa, village life and ties still remain influential in Tonga. The country's population has also continued to grow despite emigration away from Tonga.

Tonga Population in 2017Source: Pilgrim81

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Tonga Population Growth

Tonga is currently growing at a rate of 0.4% per year. Its modest growth rate is due, in part, to high emigration to the United States and other countries. This trend is expected to continue.

About Tonga

Official NameKingdom of Tonga
Languages SpokenEnglish, Tongan
Borders
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude-20-175
Currencies UsedTOP

Tonga Population Density

Name Population
Hihifo815
`Ohonua1,241
Pangai1,738
Neiafu4,320
Nuku'alofa22,400

Tonga Population Clock

What is the population of Tonga (as of September 13, 2017)?107,649
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)107797
Births Per Day1
Deaths Per Day
Net Migrations Per Day -3
Net Change Per Day -2
Population Change Since January 1st-510

Tonga Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 23.504 births/thousand67
Crude Death Rate 5.925 deaths/thousand152
Crude Net Migration Rate -8.912 people/thousand187
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 73.312 years110
Male Life Expectancy 70.357 years110
Female Life Expectancy 76.283 years106
Total Fertility Rate 3.595 children/woman51
Net Reproduction Rate 1.687 surviving daughters/woman42
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female87
Infant Mortality Rate 19.083 deaths/1,000 live births83
Under Five Mortality 22.6 deaths/thousand86
Mean Age at Childbearing 31.083 years28
Rate of Natural Increase 17.377 62
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 4.528 %91
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 4.938 %81
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 4.102 %107
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 15.025 %96
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 18.143 %92
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 11.986 %112
Crude Suicide Rate 0 suicides/thousand0
Median Age (Total) 22.6 years163
Median Age (Female) 23.1 years159
Median Age (Male) 22.2 years164

Tonga Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2017107,79750.17%49.83%149770.9%195
2015106,17050.145%49.855%147780.7%196
2010103,94750.078%49.922%144770.43%195
2005100,85750.144%49.857%140710.64%196
200097,89850.857%49.143%135710.55%196
199595,88950.698%49.302%133670.3%196
199095,15250.705%49.295%132660.16%195
198593,95250.539%49.462%130640.21%193
198093,00750.931%49.069%129630.48%192
197588,34751.204%48.796%122621.03%190
197084,37051.202%48.798%117601.35%189
196574,36351.011%48.989%103623.21%188
196061,60050.765%49.235%85683.42%190
195555,32450.696%49.304%76711.87%189
195047,22050.803%49.197%65754.33%192

Tonga Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020110,76150.201%49.799%153760.85%193
2025115,45850.255%49.745%160780.86%193
2030120,70450.312%49.688%167790.91%193
2035126,30050.372%49.628%175770.88%193
2040131,65750.439%49.561%182770.75%193
2045136,18950.515%49.485%189770.57%193
2050139,73450.602%49.398%194770.46%193
2055142,90150.696%49.304%198800.44%193
2060146,13550.795%49.205%202800.45%193
2065149,45350.884%49.116%207790.43%193
2070152,57350.955%49.046%211820.37%193
2075155,12450.993%49.007%215800.27%193
2080156,90451.011%48.989%217790.17%193
2085157,98151.01%48.99%219790.09%193
2090158,56651.003%48.997%220770.05%193
2095158,86351.004%48.996%220750.02%193
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations