Tonga Population 2017

[[getCurrentPopulation()]]

Only 52 of the 176 islands of Tonga are inhabited, with an estimated population of 105,000, compared to the 2011 census figure of 103,000. While this small nation has a small population, it has a rather high population density of 139 people per square kilometer (360/sq mi), which ranks 76th in the world.

The capital and largest city of Tonga is Nuku'alofa on the island of Tongatapu, the southernmost island group, with a population of 24,500. More than 70% of Tonga's population live on the main island of Tongatapu.

Tonga Demographics

Tongans, who are ethnically Polynesian with a mixture of Melanesian, account for over 98% of the inhabitants of the country. 1.5% are mixed Tongans, while the rest are European, particularly British, mixed European or other Pacific Islander. There were about 4,000 Chinese people in the country in 2001, or 4% of the population, although riots in 2006 targeting Chinese-owned businesses in the city led to mass emigration and fewer than 300 remain now.

95% of Tonga's population are overweight, while over 60% are obese. Tonga and nearby Nauru have the highest overweight and obese populations in the world.

While many Tongans are moving to the only urban area of Nuku'alofa, village life and ties still remain influential in Tonga. The country's population has also continued to grow despite emigration away from Tonga.

Tonga Population in 2017 Source: Pilgrim81

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Tonga Population Growth

Tonga is currently growing at a rate of 0.4% per year. Its modest growth rate is due, in part, to high emigration to the United States and other countries. This trend is expected to continue.

Tonga Population Density

About Tonga

Official Name Kingdom of Tonga
Languages Spoken Tongan, English
Borders
Is Landlocked No
Latitude/Longitude -20,-175
Currencies Used TOP

Tonga Population Clock

What is the population of Tonga (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 1
Deaths Per Day
Net Migrations Per Day -3
Net Change Per Day -2
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Tonga Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 23.504 births/thousand 67th
Crude Death Rate 5.925 deaths/thousand 152nd
Crude Net Migration Rate -8.912 people/thousand 187th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 73.312 years 110th
Life Expectancy (Male) 70.357 years 110th
Life Expectancy (Female) 76.283 years 106th
Total Fertility Rate 3.595 children/woman 51st
Net Reproduction Rate 1.687 surviving daughters/woman 42nd
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female 87th
Infant Mortality Rate 19.083 deaths/1,000 live births 83rd
Under Five Mortality 22.6 deaths/thousand 86th
Mean Age at Childbearing 31.083 years 28th
Rate of Natural Increase 17.377 62nd
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 4.528% 91st
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 4.938% 81st
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 4.102% 107th
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 15.025% 91st
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 18.143% 81st
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 11.986% 107th
Crude Suicide Rate 0 suicides/thousand 0th
Median Age (Total) 22.6 years 163rd
Median Age (Female) 23.1 years 159th
Median Age (Male) 22.2 years 164th

Tonga Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2017 107,797 50.17% 49.83% 149 77 0.9% 195
2015 106,170 50.145% 49.855% 147 78 0.7% 196
2010 103,947 50.078% 49.922% 144 77 0.43% 195
2005 100,857 50.144% 49.857% 140 71 0.64% 196
2000 97,898 50.857% 49.143% 135 71 0.55% 196
1995 95,889 50.698% 49.302% 133 67 0.3% 196
1990 95,152 50.705% 49.295% 132 66 0.16% 195
1985 93,952 50.539% 49.462% 130 64 0.21% 193
1980 93,007 50.931% 49.069% 129 63 0.48% 192
1975 88,347 51.204% 48.796% 122 62 1.03% 190
1970 84,370 51.202% 48.798% 117 60 1.35% 189
1965 74,363 51.011% 48.989% 103 62 3.21% 188
1960 61,600 50.765% 49.235% 85 68 3.42% 190
1955 55,324 50.696% 49.304% 76 71 1.87% 189
1950 47,220 50.803% 49.197% 65 75 4.33% 192

Tonga Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 110,761 50.201% 49.799% 153 76 0.85% 193
2025 115,458 50.255% 49.745% 160 78 0.86% 193
2030 120,704 50.312% 49.688% 167 79 0.91% 193
2035 126,300 50.372% 49.628% 175 77 0.88% 193
2040 131,657 50.439% 49.561% 182 77 0.75% 193
2045 136,189 50.515% 49.485% 189 77 0.57% 193
2050 139,734 50.602% 49.398% 194 77 0.46% 193
2055 142,901 50.696% 49.304% 198 80 0.44% 193
2060 146,135 50.795% 49.205% 202 80 0.45% 193
2065 149,453 50.884% 49.116% 207 79 0.43% 193
2070 152,573 50.955% 49.046% 211 82 0.37% 193
2075 155,124 50.993% 49.007% 215 80 0.27% 193
2080 156,904 51.011% 48.989% 217 79 0.17% 193
2085 157,981 51.01% 48.99% 219 79 0.09% 193
2090 158,566 51.003% 48.997% 220 77 0.05% 193
2095 158,863 51.004% 48.996% 220 75 0.02% 193
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations