Trinidad and Tobago Population 2017

1,369,263

Trinidad and Tobago, officially the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, is a two-island country off the northern coast of South America just off the coast of northeastern Venezuela. It shares maritime borders with Barbados, Grenada, Guyana, and Venezuela. In 2017, the estimated population of Trinidad and Tobago is 1.37 million, which ranks 152nd in the world.

Trinidad and Tobago has an estimated population of 1.37 million, which is largely unchanged from the 2000 population of 1.26 million. The country is growing at a rate of just 0.3% per year. 96% of the population lives on Trinidad while 4% live in Tobago.

Despite its rather low population, Trinidad and Tobago is densely populated with just 5,131 square kilometers of land. There are 254 people per square kilometer (659/sq mi), which ranks 48th in the world.

Trinidad and Tobago Demographics

The country is dominated by two ethnic groups: the Africans and the Indians. The Africans are mostly Christian while the Indians are mostly Hindu, and there has been a great deal of tension between the two groups. While the two groups are equal in number, many Africans in the country feel they are being taken over or pushed aside by the Indians.

The two ethnic groups in the country descend from the freed black people who were enslaved by the British to work plantation fields and the imported Indian workers who came to the area after slavery was abolished.

The heartland of the Indian population is in Chaguanas.

Trinidad and Tobago History

Both islands were originally settled by Amerindians, with Trinidad settled first around 7,000 years ago. When Europeans first made contact, Trinidad was occupied by several Arawakan-speaking groups such as the Nepoya and Suppoya and Cariban-speaking groups, while the Tobago island was occupied by Galibi and Island Caribs.

Christopher Columbus found the island in 1498. Foreign disease from European settlers greatly reduced the native population, and there are few remaining today. The European influence on the country comes mostly from Britain, France, and Spain, all of which claimed the islands at various times during the colonial history.

While under British rule, the slaves were shipped from Africa to work plantations on the islands. When the African slave trade ended, East Indians were brought in as indentured servants. The current residents of Trinidad and Tobago today are descended from these two groups.

Trinidad and Tobago Population in 2018Source: Mariordo (Mario Roberto Duran Ortiz)

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Trinidad and Tobago Population Growth

About Trinidad and Tobago

Official NameRepublic of Trinidad and Tobago
Languages SpokenEnglish
Borders
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude11-61
Currencies UsedTTD

Trinidad and Tobago Population Density

Name Population
Laventille157,258
Chaguanas67,433
Mon Repos56,380
San Fernando55,419
Port-of-Spain49,031
Rio Claro35,650
Arima35,000
Marabella26,700
Point Fortin19,056
Tunapuna17,758
Scarborough17,000
Sangre Grande15,968
Paradise15,067
Penal12,281
Arouca12,054
Princes Town10,000
Siparia8,568
Petit Valley8,140
Couva5,178
Roxborough

Trinidad and Tobago Population Clock

What is the population of Trinidad and Tobago (as of 11/15/2017)?1,369,263
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)1,369,125
Births Per Day10
Deaths Per Day7
Net Migrations Per Day -2
Net Change Per Day 1
Population Change Since January 1st319

Trinidad and Tobago Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 13.283 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 9.772 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.658 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 70.718 years
Male Life Expectancy 67.291 years
Female Life Expectancy 74.396 years
Total Fertility Rate 1.739 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.817 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.038 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 23.139 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 28.866 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.101 years
Rate of Natural Increase 3.238
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 7.231%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 9.075%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 5.321%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 19.551%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 24.419%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 14.488%
Median Age (Total) 35.5 years
Median Age (Female) 36 years
Median Age (Male) 35 years

Trinidad and Tobago Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20171,369,12549.26%50.74%2670.33%
20151,360,09249.34%50.66%2650.48%
20101,328,10049.49%50.51%2590.48%
20051,296,93449.57%50.43%2530.45%
20001,267,98449.73%50.27%2470.21%
19951,255,00149.79%50.21%2450.54%
19901,221,90049.81%50.19%2380.86%
19851,170,92849.72%50.28%2281.53%
19801,085,30849.69%50.31%2121.42%
19751,011,49049.61%50.39%1971.35%
1970945,99349.64%50.36%1840.73%
1965912,41749.88%50.12%1781.46%
1960848,47950.18%49.82%1652.77%
1955740,03550.23%49.77%1442.77%
1950645,63550.18%49.82%1260.00%

Trinidad and Tobago Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20201,377,72949.13%50.87%2690.00%
20251,380,80648.87%51.13%2690.04%
20301,373,65948.61%51.39%268-0.10%
20351,360,62448.36%51.64%265-0.19%
20401,343,46948.14%51.86%262-0.25%
20451,322,05147.97%52.03%258-0.32%
20501,295,06947.85%52.15%252-0.41%
20551,262,85447.76%52.24%246-0.50%
20601,227,12047.70%52.30%239-0.57%
20651,190,24947.68%52.32%232-0.61%
20701,154,43047.74%52.26%225-0.61%
20751,120,64347.86%52.14%218-0.59%
20801,089,51048.01%51.99%212-0.56%
20851,060,67648.15%51.85%207-0.53%
20901,033,53748.26%51.74%201-0.52%
20951,007,60748.38%51.62%196-0.51%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer