Trinidad and Tobago Population 2018

1,372,478

Trinidad and Tobago, officially the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, is a two-island country off the northern coast of South America just off the coast of northeastern Venezuela. It shares maritime borders with Barbados, Grenada, Guyana, and Venezuela. In 2018, the estimated population of Trinidad and Tobago is 1.37 million, which ranks 152nd in the world.

Trinidad and Tobago has an estimated population of 1.37 million, which is largely unchanged from the 2000 population of 1.26 million. The country is growing at a rate of just 0.3% per year. 96% of the population lives on Trinidad while 4% live in Tobago.

Despite its rather low population, Trinidad and Tobago is densely populated with just 5,131 square kilometers of land. There are 254 people per square kilometer (659/sq mi), which ranks 48th in the world.

Trinidad and Tobago Demographics

The country is dominated by two ethnic groups: the Africans and the Indians. The Africans are mostly Christian while the Indians are mostly Hindu, and there has been a great deal of tension between the two groups. While the two groups are equal in number, many Africans in the country feel they are being taken over or pushed aside by the Indians.

The two ethnic groups in the country descend from the freed black people who were enslaved by the British to work plantation fields and the imported Indian workers who came to the area after slavery was abolished.

The heartland of the Indian population is in Chaguanas.

Trinidad and Tobago History

Both islands were originally settled by Amerindians, with Trinidad settled first around 7,000 years ago. When Europeans first made contact, Trinidad was occupied by several Arawakan-speaking groups such as the Nepoya and Suppoya and Cariban-speaking groups, while the Tobago island was occupied by Galibi and Island Caribs.

Christopher Columbus found the island in 1498. Foreign disease from European settlers greatly reduced the native population, and there are few remaining today. The European influence on the country comes mostly from Britain, France, and Spain, all of which claimed the islands at various times during the colonial history.

While under British rule, the slaves were shipped from Africa to work plantations on the islands. When the African slave trade ended, East Indians were brought in as indentured servants. The current residents of Trinidad and Tobago today are descended from these two groups.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 29 minutes
One death every 39 minutes
One net migrant every 720 minutes
Net gain of one person every 144 minutes

Trinidad and Tobago Population in 2018Source: By neiljs (Flickr: Waterloo Temple, Trinidad) [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Trinidad and Tobago Population Pyramid 2018

0k2k4k6k8k10k12k14kTrinidad and Tobago Male Population0k2k4k6k8k10k12k14kTrinidad and Tobago Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Trinidad and Tobago Median Age

35.5


Total

35


Male

36


Female

Trinidad and Tobago Population by Age

There are 1,034,204 adults in Trinidad and Tobago.

Census Years

Year Date
20212021
201120 February 2011
200015 May 2000
19902 May 1990

About Trinidad and Tobago

Official NameRepublic of Trinidad and Tobago
Languages SpokenEnglish
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude11-61
Currencies UsedTrinidad and Tobago Dollar
DemonymTrinidadian

Countries Bordering Trinidad and Tobago

None

Trinidad and Tobago Population Density

Trinidad and Tobago Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Chaguanas67,433
Mon Repos56,380
San Fernando55,419
Port of Spain49,031
Rio Claro35,650
Arima35,000
Marabella26,700
Laventille21,000
Point Fortin19,056
Tunapuna17,758
Scarborough17,000
Sangre Grande15,968
Paradise15,067
Penal12,281
Arouca12,054
Princes Town10,000
Siparia8,568
Petit Valley8,140
Couva5,178
Diego Martin

Trinidad and Tobago Population Clock

The population of Trinidad and Tobago (as of 6/18/2018)?1,372,478
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)1,372,598
Births Per Day49
Deaths Per Day37
Net Migrations Per Day -2
Net Change Per Day 10
Population Change Since January 1st1,690

Trinidad and Tobago Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 13.047 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 9.813 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.657 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 70.82 years
Male Life Expectancy 67.38 years
Female Life Expectancy 74.5 years
Total Fertility Rate 1.73 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.817 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.038 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 22.723 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 28.314 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 27.948 years
Rate of Natural Increase 3.234

Trinidad and Tobago Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20181,372,59849.22%50.78%267.561540.25%
20171,369,12549.26%50.74%266.891530.30%
20161,364,96249.30%50.70%266.071530.36%
20151,360,09249.34%50.66%265.131530.48%
20101,328,10049.49%50.51%258.891530.48%
20051,296,93449.57%50.43%252.811520.45%
20001,267,98449.73%50.27%247.171490.21%
19951,255,00149.79%50.21%244.641490.54%
19901,221,90049.81%50.19%238.191490.86%
19851,170,92849.72%50.28%228.251481.53%
19801,085,30849.69%50.31%211.561461.42%
19751,011,49049.61%50.39%197.171451.35%
1970945,99349.64%50.36%184.401440.73%
1965912,41749.88%50.12%177.861441.46%
1960848,47950.18%49.82%165.401442.77%
1955740,03550.23%49.77%144.261432.77%
1950645,63550.18%49.82%125.851430.00%

Trinidad and Tobago Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20201,377,72949.13%50.87%268.561560.00%
20251,380,80648.87%51.13%269.161560.04%
20301,373,65948.61%51.39%267.77156-0.10%
20351,360,62448.36%51.64%265.23156-0.19%
20401,343,46948.14%51.86%261.88156-0.25%
20451,322,05147.97%52.03%257.71158-0.32%
20501,295,06947.85%52.15%252.45159-0.41%
20551,262,85447.76%52.24%246.17159-0.50%
20601,227,12047.70%52.30%239.20159-0.57%
20651,190,24947.68%52.32%232.02160-0.61%
20701,154,43047.74%52.26%225.04161-0.61%
20751,120,64347.86%52.14%218.45161-0.59%
20801,089,51048.01%51.99%212.38161-0.56%
20851,060,67648.15%51.85%206.76161-0.53%
20901,033,53748.26%51.74%201.47161-0.52%
20951,007,60748.38%51.62%196.41162-0.51%
Data Sources
  1. Central Statistical Office
  2. Central Statistical Office
  3. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1960, 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000 and 2011 censuses, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  4. GeoNames Gazetteer