Tropical Countries 2019

Tropical countries are nations that are found in the tropics, a region that is located along the Earth’s Equator. More specifically, it is the countries that are located between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. The tropics make up about 40% of the surface area of the planet and is home to approximately 40% of the world’s population. This number is expected to continue to grow into the future, and it is estimated that 50% of the world’s population will reside in the tropics by the late 2030s.

Tropical countries typically have a tropical climate, which means that it is warm all year long. Most nations have a dry season and a wet season when most of the annual rainfall occurs. However, not all nations located in the tropics have a tropical climate. Regions including the Sahara Desert and Australian Outback – both of which are located within the tropics – are classified as “dry.” Ecosystems in tropical countries may be very diverse, including tropical rainforests, dry forests, and deserts.

There are multiple tropical countries and territories located on continents around the world. These include:

Rank Flag Name Population 2019 Area Area (mi²) % of Earth's Area Growth Rate Region Subregion
1India1,366,417,7543,287,590 km²1,269,010 mi²2.21%1.02%AsiaSouthern Asia
2Indonesia270,625,5681,904,569 km²735,164 mi²1.28%1.10%AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
3Brazil211,049,5278,515,767 km²3,287,086 mi²5.74%0.75%AmericasSouth America
4Nigeria200,963,599923,768 km²356,574 mi²0.62%2.60%AfricaWestern Africa
5Mexico127,575,5291,964,375 km²758,249 mi²1.32%1.10%AmericasCentral America
6Ethiopia112,078,7301,104,300 km²426,260 mi²0.74%2.61%AfricaEastern Africa
7Philippines108,116,615342,353 km²132,148 mi²0.23%1.37%AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
8Vietnam96,462,106331,212 km²127,848 mi²0.22%0.96%AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
9Thailand69,625,582513,120 km²198,064 mi²0.35%0.28%AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
10Tanzania58,005,463945,087 km²364,804 mi²0.64%3.00%AfricaEastern Africa
11Kenya52,573,973580,367 km²224,022 mi²0.39%2.30%AfricaEastern Africa
12Colombia50,339,4431,141,748 km²440,715 mi²0.77%1.37%AmericasSouth America
13Uganda44,269,594241,550 km²93,238 mi²0.16%3.61%AfricaEastern Africa
14Sudan42,813,2381,886,068 km²728,022 mi²1.27%2.42%AfricaNorthern Africa
15Peru32,510,4531,285,216 km²496,093 mi²0.87%1.63%AmericasSouth America
16Malaysia31,949,777330,803 km²127,690 mi²0.22%1.34%AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
17Angola31,825,2951,246,700 km²481,226 mi²0.84%3.30%AfricaMiddle Africa
18Mozambique30,366,036801,590 km²309,414 mi²0.54%2.95%AfricaEastern Africa
19Venezuela28,515,829916,445 km²353,748 mi²0.62%-1.29%AmericasSouth America
20Madagascar26,969,307587,041 km²226,598 mi²0.40%2.69%AfricaEastern Africa
21Cameroon25,876,380475,442 km²183,521 mi²0.32%2.62%AfricaMiddle Africa
22Ivory Coast25,716,544322,463 km²124,471 mi²0.22%2.58%AfricaWestern Africa
23Niger23,310,7151,267,000 km²489,062 mi²0.85%3.87%AfricaWestern Africa
24Burkina Faso20,321,378272,967 km²105,365 mi²0.18%2.89%AfricaWestern Africa
25Mali19,658,0311,240,192 km²478,714 mi²0.84%3.04%AfricaWestern Africa
26Malawi18,628,747118,484 km²45,735 mi²< 0.1%2.68%AfricaEastern Africa
27Guatemala17,581,472108,889 km²42,031 mi²< 0.1%1.93%AmericasCentral America
28Ecuador17,373,662276,841 km²106,861 mi²0.19%1.69%AmericasSouth America
29Cambodia16,486,542181,035 km²69,880 mi²0.12%1.46%AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
30Senegal16,296,364196,722 km²75,935 mi²0.13%2.79%AfricaWestern Africa
31Chad15,946,8761,284,000 km²495,624 mi²0.86%3.03%AfricaMiddle Africa
32Somalia15,442,905637,657 km²246,136 mi²0.43%2.90%AfricaEastern Africa
33Guinea12,771,246245,857 km²94,901 mi²0.17%2.88%AfricaWestern Africa
34Rwanda12,626,95026,338 km²10,166 mi²< 0.1%2.64%AfricaEastern Africa
35Benin11,801,151112,622 km²43,472 mi²< 0.1%2.75%AfricaWestern Africa
36Burundi11,530,58027,834 km²10,744 mi²< 0.1%3.18%AfricaEastern Africa
37Bolivia11,513,1001,098,581 km²424,052 mi²0.74%1.41%AmericasSouth America
38Cuba11,333,483109,884 km²42,415 mi²< 0.1%-0.04%AmericasCaribbean
39Haiti11,263,07727,750 km²10,712 mi²< 0.1%1.26%AmericasCaribbean
40Dominican Republic10,738,95848,671 km²18,787 mi²< 0.1%1.05%AmericasCaribbean
41Honduras9,746,117112,492 km²43,422 mi²< 0.1%1.65%AmericasCentral America
42Togo8,082,36656,785 km²21,919 mi²< 0.1%2.45%AfricaWestern Africa
43Sierra Leone7,813,21571,740 km²27,692 mi²< 0.1%2.13%AfricaWestern Africa
44Laos7,169,455236,800 km²91,405 mi²0.16%1.53%AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
45Paraguay7,044,636406,752 km²157,006 mi²0.27%1.27%AmericasSouth America
46Nicaragua6,545,502130,373 km²50,324 mi²< 0.1%1.24%AmericasCentral America
47El Salvador6,453,55321,041 km²8,122 mi²< 0.1%0.51%AmericasCentral America
48Singapore5,804,337710 km²274 mi²< 0.1%0.81%AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
49Costa Rica5,047,56151,100 km²19,725 mi²< 0.1%0.96%AmericasCentral America
50Liberia4,937,374111,369 km²42,988 mi²< 0.1%2.46%AfricaWestern Africa
51Central African Republic4,745,185622,984 km²240,472 mi²0.42%1.69%AfricaMiddle Africa
52Mauritania4,525,6961,030,700 km²397,850 mi²0.69%2.78%AfricaWestern Africa
53Panama4,246,43975,417 km²29,111 mi²< 0.1%1.67%AmericasCentral America
54Eritrea3,497,117117,600 km²45,394 mi²< 0.1%1.28%AfricaEastern Africa
55Jamaica2,948,27910,991 km²4,243 mi²< 0.1%0.46%AmericasCaribbean
56Puerto Rico2,933,4088,870 km²3,424 mi²< 0.1%-3.49%AmericasCaribbean
57Gambia2,347,70610,689 km²4,126 mi²< 0.1%2.97%AfricaWestern Africa
58Gabon2,172,579267,668 km²103,320 mi²0.18%2.52%AfricaMiddle Africa
59Guinea Bissau1,920,92236,125 km²13,944 mi²< 0.1%2.49%AfricaWestern Africa
60Trinidad And Tobago1,394,9735,130 km²1,980 mi²< 0.1%0.37%AmericasCaribbean
61Equatorial Guinea1,355,98628,051 km²10,828 mi²< 0.1%3.59%AfricaMiddle Africa
62Mauritius1,269,6682,040 km²787 mi²< 0.1%0.20%AfricaEastern Africa
63Djibouti973,56023,200 km²8,955 mi²< 0.1%1.53%AfricaEastern Africa
64Reunion888,9272,511 km²969 mi²< 0.1%0.73%AfricaEastern Africa
65Comoros850,8861,862 km²719 mi²< 0.1%2.23%AfricaEastern Africa
66Guyana782,766214,969 km²82,978 mi²0.14%0.48%AmericasSouth America
67Suriname581,372163,820 km²63,235 mi²0.11%0.93%AmericasSouth America
68Brunei433,2855,765 km²2,225 mi²< 0.1%1.01%AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
69Guadeloupe400,0561,628 km²628 mi²< 0.1%0.05%AmericasCaribbean
70Belize390,35322,966 km²8,865 mi²< 0.1%1.90%AmericasCentral America
71Bahamas389,48213,943 km²5,382 mi²< 0.1%1.00%AmericasCaribbean
72Martinique375,5541,128 km²435 mi²< 0.1%-0.03%AmericasCaribbean
73French Guiana290,83283,534 km²32,244 mi²< 0.1%2.79%AmericasSouth America
74Barbados287,025430 km²166 mi²< 0.1%0.13%AmericasCaribbean
75Mayotte266,150374 km²144 mi²< 0.1%2.55%AfricaEastern Africa
76Sao Tome And Principe215,056964 km²372 mi²< 0.1%1.91%AfricaMiddle Africa
77Saint Lucia182,790616 km²238 mi²< 0.1%0.50%AmericasCaribbean
78Grenada112,003344 km²133 mi²< 0.1%0.49%AmericasCaribbean
79Saint Vincent And The Grenadines110,589389 km²150 mi²< 0.1%0.34%AmericasCaribbean
80Aruba106,314180 km²69 mi²< 0.1%0.44%AmericasCaribbean
81United States Virgin Islands104,578347 km²134 mi²< 0.1%-0.10%AmericasCaribbean
82Seychelles97,739452 km²174 mi²< 0.1%0.66%AfricaEastern Africa
83Antigua And Barbuda97,118442 km²171 mi²< 0.1%0.86%AmericasCaribbean
84Dominica71,808751 km²290 mi²< 0.1%0.26%AmericasCaribbean
85Cayman Islands64,948264 km²102 mi²< 0.1%1.21%AmericasCaribbean
86Saint Kitts And Nevis52,823261 km²101 mi²< 0.1%0.73%AmericasCaribbean
87Saint Martin38,00253 km²20 mi²< 0.1%1.98%AmericasCaribbean
88British Virgin Islands30,030151 km²58 mi²< 0.1%0.77%AmericasCaribbean
89Anguilla14,86991 km²35 mi²< 0.1%0.94%AmericasCaribbean
90Montserrat4,989102 km²39 mi²< 0.1%-0.08%AmericasCaribbean