Tropical Countries 2019

Tropical countries are nations that are found in the tropics, a region that is located along the Earth’s Equator. More specifically, it is the countries that are located between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. The tropics make up about 40% of the surface area of the planet and is home to approximately 40% of the world’s population. This number is expected to continue to grow into the future, and it is estimated that 50% of the world’s population will reside in the tropics by the late 2030s.

Tropical countries typically have a tropical climate, which means that it is warm all year long. Most nations have a dry season and a wet season when most of the annual rainfall occurs. However, not all nations located in the tropics have a tropical climate. Regions including the Sahara Desert and Australian Outback – both of which are located within the tropics – are classified as “dry.” Ecosystems in tropical countries may be very diverse, including tropical rainforests, dry forests, and deserts.

There are multiple tropical countries and territories located on continents around the world. These include:

Rank Flag Country Population 2019
1India1,366,417,754
2Indonesia270,625,568
3Brazil211,049,527
4Nigeria200,963,599
5Mexico127,575,529
6Ethiopia112,078,730
7Philippines108,116,615
8Vietnam96,462,106
9Thailand69,625,582
10Tanzania58,005,463
11Kenya52,573,973
12Colombia50,339,443
13Uganda44,269,594
14Sudan42,813,238
15Peru32,510,453
16Malaysia31,949,777
17Angola31,825,295
18Mozambique30,366,036
19Venezuela28,515,829
20Madagascar26,969,307
21Cameroon25,876,380
22Ivory Coast25,716,544
23Niger23,310,715
24Burkina Faso20,321,378
25Mali19,658,031
26Malawi18,628,747
27Guatemala17,581,472
28Ecuador17,373,662
29Cambodia16,486,542
30Senegal16,296,364
31Chad15,946,876
32Somalia15,442,905
33Guinea12,771,246
34Rwanda12,626,950
35Benin11,801,151
36Burundi11,530,580
37Bolivia11,513,100
38Cuba11,333,483
39Haiti11,263,077
40Dominican Republic10,738,958
41Honduras9,746,117
42Togo8,082,366
43Sierra Leone7,813,215
44Laos7,169,455
45Paraguay7,044,636
46Nicaragua6,545,502
47El Salvador6,453,553
48Singapore5,804,337
49Costa Rica5,047,561
50Liberia4,937,374
51Central African Republic4,745,185
52Mauritania4,525,696
53Panama4,246,439
54Eritrea3,497,117
55Jamaica2,948,279
56Puerto Rico2,933,408
57Gambia2,347,706
58Gabon2,172,579
59Guinea Bissau1,920,922
60Trinidad And Tobago1,394,973
61Equatorial Guinea1,355,986
62Timor Leste1,293,119
63Mauritius1,269,668
64Djibouti973,560
65Reunion888,927
66Comoros850,886
67Guyana782,766
68Suriname581,372
69Brunei433,285
70Guadeloupe400,056
71Belize390,353
72Bahamas389,482
73Martinique375,554
74French Guiana290,832
75Barbados287,025
76Mayotte266,150
77Sao Tome And Principe215,056
78Saint Lucia182,790
79Grenada112,003
80Saint Vincent And The Grenadines110,589
81Aruba106,314
82United States Virgin Islands104,578
83Seychelles97,739
84Antigua And Barbuda97,118
85Dominica71,808
86Cayman Islands64,948
87Saint Kitts And Nevis52,823
88Saint Martin38,002
89British Virgin Islands30,030
90Anguilla14,869
91Montserrat4,989