Last Census - 2008
Also See: Major Cities in Turkey
Turkey is officially known as the Republic of Turkey. It is a transcontinental country that includes Anatolia in western Asia and East Thrace in southern Europe. It is bordered by eight countries. Along its northwest border lies Bulgaria, towards its west is Greece, and to its northeast is Georgia. Three countries border the eastern side of Turkey, namely Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan, Iran and Armenia. On the southeast border lie Syria and Iraq, and finally the Aegean Sea and Mediterranean Sea share its south border.
Turkey Population 2013
The current population of Turkey is 75,503,136, of which the male population is 37,652,968 (49.9% of the total population) and the female population is 37,850,168 (or 50.1% of the population). The total population grew by 494,625 this year, which is a huge increase. The population continues to increase at a steady rate with almost 3600 births every day, while the death rate compared to this is significantly low at 1224 deaths per day. This implies a net steady increase in Turkey’s population – and it has increased by more than 150 percent over the years. The growth rate remains around 1.29% per year.
Turkey Population History
In 1960 Turkey had a total population of 28.16 million people, and this number continues to gradually increase. In 1970 its population reached 35.46 million, and in 1980 it increased even more to become 44.11 million. In 1990 it rose to 54.13 million and then increased to 63.63 million by the year 2000. In 2010 the population was estimated to be 72.75 million, and now it is over 75 million. These statistical analyses show that without any fall or breakage the country’s population kept growing from the 19th century till now.
Life expectancy in Turkey has also grown from an average of 48.27 years in 1960 to 73.94 years in 2011. After the year 1970, life expectancy statistics show a steeper slope in its rate increase.
The population density of Turkey is 97 people per kilometer square. The population is mainly comprised of the Turkish people, who make up 75% of the total population, while Kurdish make up 18%. Other ethnic groups take up the remaining 17% of the total population. The languages spoken by the majority are Turkish and Kurdish, while minority groups speak other languages. The main religion, followed by 99.8% of the population, is Islam, while other religions are followed by the minute .02% of the population.
The literacy rate of the population is fairly high - about 87%. The male literacy rate is almost 95%, while the female literacy rate is almost 79%. Almost 70% of the total population live in urban areas. The rate of urbanization is 1.7% per year. The total fertility rate is around 2.13 children born/woman.
The population is fairly young with almost 27% ranging from 0 to 14 years of age, while 67% are 15 to 64 years old. Only around 6% are above 64 years of age. The largest city in Turkey is Istanbul, which has a total of 10.38 million people. The second largest city is Ankara, which is also the capital and has almost 3.86 million in population. There are many other major cities in Turkey, but the most important and heavily populated ones include Izmir with 2.67 million, Bursa with 1.559 million and Adana with 1.339 million population.
Turkey Population Projections
The future population of Turkey is most likely to increase with the longer life expectancy and the low death rate. Also, the fertility rate is fairly good. Migration does play a role in lowering the population, but it is small enough to be ignored when looking at the net increase. The population growth rate is neither too high nor too low. With the growth rate of almost 1.2%, Turkey’s population will no doubt increase to a much larger number in the coming years than it is at the moment.