Turkey Population 2015

Turkey is officially known as the Republic of Turkey. It is a transcontinental country that includes Anatolia in western Asia and East Thrace in southern Europe. It is bordered by eight countries. Along its northwest border lies Bulgaria, towards its west is Greece, and to its northeast is Georgia. Three countries border the eastern side of Turkey, namely Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan, Iran and Armenia. On the southeast border lie Syria and Iraq, and finally the Aegean Sea and Mediterranean Sea share its south border.

Turkey Population 2014

The current population of Turkey is estimated at 75.8 million, and increase from 2013’s estimate of 75.5 million, of which the male population is approximately 49.1% of the total population and the female population is 50.9% of the population. The population continues to increase at a steady rate with almost 3600 births every day, while the death rate compared to this is significantly low at 1224 deaths per day. This implies a net steady increase in Turkey’s population – and it has increased by more than 150 percent over the years. The growth rate remains around 1.29% per year.

Turkey Population History

In 1960, Turkey had a total population of 28.16 million people, and this number continues to gradually increase. In 1970, its population reached 35.46 million, and in 1980, it increased even more to become 44.11 million. In 1990, it rose to 54.13 million and then increased to 63.63 million by the year 2000. In 2010, the population was estimated to be 72.75 million, and now it is over 76 million. These statistical analyses show that without any fall or breakage the country’s population kept growing from the 19th century till now.

Life Expectancy

Life expectancy in Turkey has also grown from an average of 48.27 years in 1960 to 73.94 years in 2011. After the year 1970, life expectancy statistics show a steeper slope in its rate increase.


The population density of Turkey is 98 people per kilometer square. The population is mainly comprised of the Turkish people, who make up 75% of the total population, while Kurdish make up 18%. Other ethnic groups take up the remaining 17% of the total population. The languages spoken by the majority are Turkish and Kurdish, while minority groups speak other languages. The main religion, followed by 99.8% of the population, is Islam, while other religions are followed by the minute .02% of the population.

The literacy rate of the population is fairly high - about 87%. The male literacy rate is almost 95%, while the female literacy rate is almost 79%. Almost 70% of the total population live in urban areas. The rate of urbanization is 1.7% per year. The total fertility rate is around 2.13 children born/woman.

The population is fairly young with almost 27% ranging from 0 to 14 years of age, while 67% are 15 to 64 years old. Only around 6% are above 64 years of age. The largest city in Turkey is Istanbul, which has a total of 10.38 million people. The second largest city is Ankara, which is also the capital and has almost 3.86 million in population. There are many other major cities in Turkey, but the most important and heavily populated ones include Izmir with 2.67 million, Bursa with 1.559 million and Adana with 1.339 million population.

Turkey Population Clock
What is the population of Turkey (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2015) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 17,357
Deaths Per Day 6,371
Net Migrations Per Day -1,151
Net Change Per Day 9,835
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Turkey Population Indicators
Indicator Value World Ranking
Median (Average) Age 29.77 years 87th
Crude Birth Rate 15.747 births/thousand 112th
Crude Death Rate 5.78 deaths/thousand 153rd
Crude Net Migration Rate -1.044 people/thousand 134th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 76.19 years 64th
Life Expectancy (Male) 72.98 years 73rd
Life Expectancy (Female) 79.32 years 58th
Total Fertility Rate 2.005 children/woman 111th
Net Reproduction Rate 0.951 surviving daughters/woman 116th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female 85th
Infant Mortality Rate 9.925 deaths/1,000 live births 117th
Under Five Mortality 14.774 deaths/thousand 107th
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.384 years 128th

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision)

Turkey Population Growth

The future population of Turkey is most likely to increase with the longer life expectancy and the low death rate. Also, the fertility rate is fairly good. Migration does play a role in lowering the population, but it is small enough to be ignored when looking at the net increase. The population growth rate is neither too high nor too low. With the growth rate of almost 1.2%, Turkey’s population will no doubt increase to a much larger number in the coming years.

Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations