Turkey Population 2019

83,867,039

Turkey is officially known as the Republic of Turkey. It is a transcontinental country that includes Anatolia in western Asia and East Thrace in southern Europe. It is bordered by eight countries. Along its northwest border lies Bulgaria, towards its west is Greece, and to its northeast is Georgia. Three countries border the eastern side of Turkey, namely Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan, Iran and Armenia. On the southeast border lie Syria and Iraq, and finally the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea share its southern border.

The current population of Turkey is estimated at 83.43 million, an increase from 2013’s estimate of 75.5 million, of which the male population is approximately 49.1% of the total population and the female population is 50.9% of the population. The population continues to increase at a steady rate with almost 3600 births every day, while the death rate compared to this is significantly low at 1224 deaths per day. This implies a net steady increase in Turkey’s population – and it has increased by more than 150 percent over the years. The growth rate remains around 1.29% per year, with Turkey ranking 18th in the world.

Turkey Area and Population Density

The total surface area within the borders of Turkey comes to 783,562 square kilometers. In combination with a population of 83.43 million in 2019, that translates to an overall population density of approximately 104.5 people per square kilometer. Turkey also features 7,200 kilometers of coastline.

Largest Cities in Turkey

The most populated cities in Turkey include Istanbul, Ankara, and Izmir. Each city holds a respective population of 14,808,116; 3,517,182; and 2,500,603. Istanbul is the worlds 8th largest city proper, and has been inhabited since around 3000 BCE. Ankara is the capital of Turkey.

Turkey Demographics

The population is mainly comprised of the Turkish people, who make up 75% of the total population, while Kurdish make up 18%. Other ethnic groups take up the remaining 17% of the total population. The languages spoken by the majority are Turkish and Kurdish, while minority groups speak other languages.

The main religion, followed by 99.8% of the population, is Islam, while other religions are followed by the minute .02% of the population.

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The literacy rate of the population is fairly high - about 95.6% overall as of 2018. The male literacy rate is almost 98%, while the female literacy rate is almost 92%. Almost 70% of the total population live in urban areas. The rate of urbanization is 1.7% per year. The total fertility rate is around 2.13 children born/woman.

The population is fairly young with almost 27% ranging from 0 to 14 years of age, while 67% are 15 to 64 years old. Only around 6% are above 64 years of age. The median age of the population is at 30.9 years of age, with a total life expectancy of 75 years of age in 2018.

Turkey Religion, Economy and Politics

Life expectancy in Turkey has also grown from an average of 48.27 years in 1960 to 73.94 years in 2011. After the year 1970, life expectancy statistics show a steeper slope in its rate increase.

There are a number of indicators that help statisticians evaluate the quality of life in any given country, and Turkey gives some interesting numbers. While there are some troublesome trends include rising unemployment and inflation, the World Happiness report shows a ranking of 74 worldwide with a rating of 5.4 in overall happiness. Some additional factors to consider in this rating might include the lack of HIV in the area, as well as 100% of the population having access to improved drinking water and a low percentage of the population struggling with access to improved sanitation facilities (only 5.1% struggle with this aspect). Physician density is at 1.75 per 1,000 residents and hospital bed density comes in at 2.7 per 1,000 individuals.

Turkey Population History

In 1960, Turkey had a total population of 28.16 million people, and this number continues to gradually increase. In 1970, its population reached 35.46 million, and in 1980, it increased even more to become 44.11 million. In 1990, it rose to 54.13 million and then increased to 63.63 million by the year 2000.

Turkey Population Growth

In 2010, the population was estimated to be 72.75 million, and now it is over 76 million. These statistical analyses show that without any fall or breakage the country’s population kept growing from the 19th century until now.

Turkey Population Projections

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The rate of growth in Turkey is projected to decrease as we progress further into the 21st century. While the population will continue to grow, it will do so slowly. The forecasted population for 2020 is 83,835,750 and it isn't expected to hit 90 million until around 2035.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 24 seconds
One death every 1 minutes
One net migrant every 3 minutes
Net gain of one person every 31 seconds

Turkey Population in 2018Source: By VikiPicture [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Turkey Population Pyramid 2019

Turkey Population by Age

There are 59,074,052 adults in Turkey.

Census Years

Year Date
20212021
201130 November 2011
200022 October 2000
199730 October 1997
199021 October 1990
198520 October 1985

The future population of Turkey is most likely to increase with the longer life expectancy and the low death rate. Also, the fertility rate is fairly good. Migration does play a role in lowering the population, but it is small enough to be ignored when looking at the net increase. The population growth rate is neither too high nor too low. With the growth rate of almost 1.2%, Turkey’s population will no doubt increase to a much larger number in the coming years.

Official NameRepublic of Turkey
Languages SpokenTurkish
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude39.00, 35.00
Currencies UsedTurkey Lira
DemonymTurkish
BordersArmenia
Azerbaijan
Bulgaria
Georgia
Greece
Iran
Iraq
Syria
Countries Bordering Turkey
Name Population Location
Istanbul14,804,116Map
Ankara3,517,182Map
Izmir2,500,603Map
Bursa1,412,701Map
Adana1,248,988Map
Gaziantep1,065,975Map
Konya875,530Map
Cankaya792,189Map
Antalya758,188Map
Bagcilar724,270Map
Diyarbakir644,763Map
Kayseri592,840Map
UEskuedar582,666Map
Bahcelievler576,799Map
Umraniye573,265Map
Mersin537,842Map
Esenler520,235Map
Eskisehir514,869Map
Karabaglar458,000Map
Muratpasa450,000Map

Turkey Population Clock

The population of Turkey (as of 12/4/2019)?83,867,039
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2019)83,429,615
Births Per Day3,584
Deaths Per Day1,227
Net Migrations Per Day447
Net Change Per Day2,804
Population Change Since January 1st944,948

Turkey Population Estimator

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Estimate as of December 4th 2019 is: 83,818,312

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201983,429,61549.35%50.65%106.47181.32%
201882,340,08849.32%50.68%105.08181.51%
201781,116,45049.28%50.72%103.52181.61%
201679,827,87149.25%50.75%101.88171.65%
201578,529,40949.22%50.78%100.22171.66%
201072,326,98849.17%50.83%92.31181.27%
200567,903,46949.22%50.78%86.66181.43%
200063,240,19449.25%50.75%80.71181.58%
199558,486,45649.30%50.70%74.64181.64%
199053,921,76049.39%50.61%68.82211.88%
198549,133,93749.45%50.55%62.71212.24%
198043,975,97149.61%50.39%56.12202.29%
197539,277,25849.69%50.31%50.13202.41%
197034,876,30349.67%50.33%44.51202.40%
196530,972,99449.73%50.27%39.53212.43%
196027,472,34549.84%50.16%35.06202.51%
195524,270,60050.02%49.98%30.97202.54%
195021,408,39950.28%49.72%27.32200.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202084,339,06749.37%50.63%107.64170.00%
202586,705,22449.30%50.70%110.66180.55%
203089,157,78549.28%50.72%113.79180.56%
203591,864,24149.32%50.68%117.24180.60%
204094,131,58549.36%50.64%120.13190.49%
204595,892,32549.41%50.59%122.38190.37%
205097,139,57049.48%50.52%123.97190.26%
205597,828,33049.54%50.46%124.85190.14%
206097,940,71749.59%50.41%124.99210.02%
206597,508,36049.62%50.38%124.4422-0.09%
207096,624,27049.65%50.35%123.3123-0.18%
207595,388,60149.67%50.33%121.7424-0.26%
208093,896,59549.68%50.32%119.8325-0.31%
208592,203,32949.68%50.32%117.6725-0.36%
209090,335,91949.67%50.33%115.2926-0.41%
209588,315,63149.65%50.35%112.7127-0.45%
  1. Turkish Statistical Institute
  2. Turkish Statistical Institute
  3. World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1950, 1955, 1960, 1965, 1970, 1975, 1980, 1985, 1990, 2007 and 2011 censuses, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration. The estimates from the 2000 census were also considered.

  4. GeoNames Gazetteer