Turkey Population 2017

81,254,540

Turkey is officially known as the Republic of Turkey. It is a transcontinental country that includes Anatolia in western Asia and East Thrace in southern Europe. It is bordered by eight countries. Along its northwest border lies Bulgaria, towards its west is Greece, and to its northeast is Georgia. Three countries border the eastern side of Turkey, namely Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan, Iran and Armenia. On the southeast border lie Syria and Iraq, and finally the Aegean Sea and Mediterranean Sea share its south border.

The current population of Turkey is estimated at 80.75 million, and increase from 2013’s estimate of 75.5 million, of which the male population is approximately 49.1% of the total population and the female population is 50.9% of the population. The population continues to increase at a steady rate with almost 3600 births every day, while the death rate compared to this is significantly low at 1224 deaths per day. This implies a net steady increase in Turkey’s population – and it has increased by more than 150 percent over the years. The growth rate remains around 1.29% per year.

Turkey Population History

In 1960, Turkey had a total population of 28.16 million people, and this number continues to gradually increase. In 1970, its population reached 35.46 million, and in 1980, it increased even more to become 44.11 million. In 1990, it rose to 54.13 million and then increased to 63.63 million by the year 2000. In 2010, the population was estimated to be 72.75 million, and now it is over 76 million. These statistical analyses show that without any fall or breakage the country’s population kept growing from the 19th century till now.

Life Expectancy

Life expectancy in Turkey has also grown from an average of 48.27 years in 1960 to 73.94 years in 2011. After the year 1970, life expectancy statistics show a steeper slope in its rate increase.

Demographics

The population density of Turkey is 98 people per kilometer square. The population is mainly comprised of the Turkish people, who make up 75% of the total population, while Kurdish make up 18%. Other ethnic groups take up the remaining 17% of the total population. The languages spoken by the majority are Turkish and Kurdish, while minority groups speak other languages. The main religion, followed by 99.8% of the population, is Islam, while other religions are followed by the minute .02% of the population.

The literacy rate of the population is fairly high - about 87%. The male literacy rate is almost 95%, while the female literacy rate is almost 79%. Almost 70% of the total population live in urban areas. The rate of urbanization is 1.7% per year. The total fertility rate is around 2.13 children born/woman.

The population is fairly young with almost 27% ranging from 0 to 14 years of age, while 67% are 15 to 64 years old. Only around 6% are above 64 years of age. The largest city in Turkey is Istanbul, which has a total of 10.38 million people. The second largest city is Ankara, which is also the capital and has almost 3.86 million in population. There are many other major cities in Turkey, but the most important and heavily populated ones include Izmir with 2.67 million, Bursa with 1.559 million and Adana with 1.339 million population.

Turkey Population in 2018Source: please put the following link as a backlink in your article: Istanbul und Türkei Community i would be very happy - Picture by Selda Yildiz and Erol Gülsen Selda Yildiz und Erol Gülsen.

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Turkey Population Growth

The future population of Turkey is most likely to increase with the longer life expectancy and the low death rate. Also, the fertility rate is fairly good. Migration does play a role in lowering the population, but it is small enough to be ignored when looking at the net increase. The population growth rate is neither too high nor too low. With the growth rate of almost 1.2%, Turkey’s population will no doubt increase to a much larger number in the coming years.

About Turkey

Official NameRepublic of Turkey
Languages SpokenTurkish
BordersARM, AZE, BGR, GEO, GRC, IRN, IRQ, SYR
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude3935
Currencies UsedTRY

Turkey Population Density

Name Population
Istanbul11,174,257
Ankara3,517,182
Izmir2,500,603
Bursa1,412,701
Adana1,248,988
Gaziantep1,065,975
Konya875,530
Cankaya792,189
Antalya758,188
Bagcilar724,270
Diyarbakir644,763
Kayseri592,840
UEskuedar582,666
Bahcelievler576,799
Umraniye573,265
Mercin537,842
Esenler520,235
Eskisehir514,869
Karabaglar458,000
Sanliurfa449,549
Malatya441,805
Sultangazi436,935
Maltepe427,040
Erzurum420,691
Samsun394,050
Batman381,990
Kahramanmaras376,045
Van371,713
Atasehir361,615
Sisli314,684
Denizli313,238
Batikent300,000
Elazig298,004
Zeytinburnu288,743
Adapazari286,787
Sultanbeyli286,622
Gebze281,436
Sivas264,022
Tarsus256,482
Trabzon244,083
Manisa243,971
Sancaktepe241,000
Balikesir238,151
Adiyaman223,744
Esenyurt211,330
Kirikkale211,138
Antakya210,000
Osmaniye202,837
Corlu202,578
Izmit196,571
Basaksehir193,750
Kutahya185,008
Corum183,418
Siverek175,341
Bueyuekcekmece163,140
Aydin163,022
Iskenderun159,965
Viransehir154,163
Usak152,862
Aksaray152,201
Kiziltepe150,174
Afyonkarahisar146,136
Inegol133,959
Tokat129,702
Edirne126,470
Beylikduezue122,452
Tekirdag122,287
Karaman120,399
Nazilli119,370
Ordu116,788
Siirt114,034
Erzincan114,027
Alanya112,969
Turhal110,884
Bandirma107,631
Turgutlu103,292
Mustafakemalpasa101,412
Zonguldak100,229
Manavgat99,254
Giresun98,864
Karabuk97,481
Bolu96,629
Ceyhan96,303
Kirsehir94,336
Polatli93,262
Bafra92,944
Rize92,772
Eregli92,117
Agri92,022
Ercis91,915
Nigde91,039
Luleburgaz90,899
Korfez90,580
Nusaybin88,977
Salihli88,906
Eregli88,848
Kozan88,115
Yozgat87,881
Canakkale87,791
Patnos87,451
Akhisar84,659
Cerkezkoey84,234
Amasya82,896
Mus82,536
Nizip82,308
Kilis82,301
Fatsa82,160
Cizre80,992
Bingol80,568
Elbistan80,456
Hakkari77,699
UEnye77,585
Kars77,486
Midyat76,268
Nevsehir75,527
Silifke75,315
Silopi74,798
Bismil74,493
Belek73,260
Tatvan73,222
Kahta73,105
Yuksekova71,729
Khanjarah71,379
Mardin71,373
Yalova71,289
Gemlik71,063
Kastamonu70,402
Kadirli70,248
Dogubayazit70,171
Soeke68,230
Ardesen67,965
OEdemis67,153
Burdur66,158
Silvan65,956
Soma65,934
Ahlat64,695
Aksehir64,446
Kusadasi63,177
Sorgun62,862
Cubuk62,602
Kirikhan60,916
Fethiye60,437
Kirklareli58,223
Duzce57,739
Bergama57,200
Anamur57,128
Reyhanli56,995
Dortyol56,513
Geulzuk56,189
Bolvadin55,870
Zile55,680
Eminoenue55,548
Bozuyuk55,365
Menemen53,489
Silivri53,167
Adilcevaz52,781
Sirnak52,743
Ergani52,684
Erbaa52,185
Tavsanli52,182
Orhangazi51,792
Seydisehir51,089
Merzifon50,658
Kavakli50,502
Carsamba50,459
Torbali50,303
merter keresteciler50,000
guengoeren merter50,000
Niksar49,865
Keskin49,679
Karapinar49,509
Mut49,397
Mugla48,183
Alasehir48,147
Suluova47,572
Sebinkarahisar47,360
Tire47,220
Kulu47,037
Suruc46,694
Erdemli46,570
Bitlis46,111
Cumra45,657
Urla45,199
Akcaabat45,105
Aliaga44,883
Kesan44,644
Beysehir44,460
Birecik44,284
Karacabey44,256
Sereflikochisar44,101
Milas43,193
Sandikli42,981
Besni41,892
Edremit40,777
Gonen40,763
Bilecik40,285
Afsin39,613
Cimin39,591
Karasu39,508
Bodrum39,317
Yalvac39,145
Beypazari38,769
Burhaniye38,083
Vakfikebir37,728
Sungurlu37,526
Bartin37,427
Besikduzu36,987
Serik36,925
Talas36,890
Bulancak36,863
Uzunkoeprue36,470
Osmancik36,443
Kestel36,185
Develi35,868
Hinis35,472
Dinar35,359
Yerkoy35,294
Hendek35,257
Safranbolu35,242
Ayvalik35,193
Akcakoca35,151
Simav34,909
Sinop34,834
Goksun34,243
Cay34,215
Marmaris33,731
Sarkikaraagac32,771
Bor32,435
Gumushkhane32,250
Kumru32,174
Kurtalan32,114
Akcakale32,114
Yesilli32,072
Of31,951
Imamoglu31,916
Ceylanpinar31,488
Bulanik31,430
Bayburt31,258
Ortakoy31,144
Kula31,100
Mimarsinan31,002
Biga30,852
Karamursel30,525
Kemalpasa30,411
Gorele30,381
Beykonak30,339
Arakli29,917
Karakocan29,735
Kozluk29,502
Gurpinar29,411
Bucak29,234
Selcuk29,101
Tunceli29,062
Yakuplu28,811
Yenisehir28,656
Kaman28,605
Gerede28,582
Bozyazi28,456
Terme28,397
Golbasi28,078
Boyabat27,717
Malkara27,427
Ilgin27,423
Kirkagac27,053
Alaca27,019
Babaeski26,724
Kulp26,569
Erzin26,316
Can26,201
Malazgirt26,108
Didim26,000
Guroymak25,826
Susehri25,820
Elmadag25,394
Sapanca25,224
Gelibolu25,178
Kagizman25,157
Vezirkopru25,155
Akyazi25,068
Yahyali25,019
Susurluk24,816
Devrek24,559
Cayeli24,556
Pasinler24,553
Gursu24,510
Artvin24,266
Mahmutlar24,227
Tosya24,013
Kazan23,889
Kelkit23,870
Pazarcik23,850
Emet23,812
Sarkisla23,800
Ferizli23,740
Sarikamis23,665
Oltu23,504
Mudanya23,161
Akdagmadeni23,048
Kovancilar22,976
Idil22,960
Erdek22,678
Genc22,493
Iznik22,230
Gediz22,058
Menderes21,965
Caycuma21,773
Tepecik21,699
Bozova21,502
Havza21,500
Demirci21,378
Cine21,327
Cesme21,316
Hacilar21,167
Ardahan21,020
Cermik20,975
Alapli20,890
Dargecit20,793
Karacoban20,467
Korkuteli20,465
Darende20,388
Geyve20,199
Belen20,113
Hadim20,110
Emirdag20,063
Surmene20,039
Tekirova20,000
Iskilip19,829
Hayrabolu19,793
Yomra19,770
Ortaca19,741
Seferhisar19,596
Bahce19,566
Catalca19,316
Dalaman19,292
Tasova19,253
Nallihan19,106
Yatagan19,020
Semdinli18,978
Saraykoy18,937
Gurgentepe18,771
Eleskirt18,769
Varto18,691
Incirliova18,572
Gazipasa18,371
Diyadin18,172
Kizilcahamam17,975
Cerkes17,802
Dursunbey17,532
Hopa17,519
Denizciler17,495
Taskopru17,491
Kemer17,300
Egirdir17,228
Tekkekoy17,226
Serinhisar17,169
Tirebolu17,124
Banaz17,080
Horasan17,067
Hilvan16,990
Ermenek16,986
Gemerek16,916
Bayindir16,850
Serinyol16,753
Korgan16,733
Urgub16,642
Elmali16,587
Mucur16,522
Turgutreis16,490
Lice16,336
Arhavi16,217
Arsin16,148
Sarigerme16,000
Baskil15,922
Senirkent15,919
Osmaneli15,708
Ezine15,677
Caglayancerit15,530
Askale15,462
Solhan15,303
Hizan15,302
Kadinhani15,301
Bigadic15,242
Foca15,189
Kocaali15,076
Espiye15,058
Demre15,000
Pamukova14,885
Buldan14,811
Dogansehir14,794
Akcadag14,788
Cayiralan14,734
Gumushacikoy14,734
Siran14,692
Tonya14,544
Baskale14,516
Demre14,420
Caykara14,398
Yesilhisar14,354
Gonen14,137
Dikili14,125

Turkey Population Clock

What is the population of Turkey (as of 12/12/2017)?81,254,540
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)80,745,020
Births Per Day3,519
Deaths Per Day1,277
Net Migrations Per Day 846
Net Change Per Day 3,088
Population Change Since January 1st1,068,448

Turkey Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 16.102 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 5.835 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 3.875 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 75.87 years
Male Life Expectancy 72.61 years
Female Life Expectancy 79.096 years
Total Fertility Rate 2.043 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.968 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 10.404 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 15.445 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.514 years
Rate of Natural Increase 10.267
Median Age (Total) 30.5 years
Median Age (Female) 31 years
Median Age (Male) 30.1 years

Turkey Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201780,745,02049.25%50.75%103191.57%
201578,271,47249.19%50.81%100181.59%
201072,326,91449.17%50.83%92181.27%
200567,903,40649.22%50.78%87181.43%
200063,240,12149.25%50.75%81181.58%
199558,486,38149.30%50.70%75181.64%
199053,921,69949.39%50.61%69211.88%
198549,133,88349.45%50.55%63212.24%
198043,975,92149.61%50.39%56212.29%
197539,277,21149.69%50.31%50202.41%
197034,876,26749.67%50.33%45212.40%
196530,972,96549.73%50.27%40212.43%
196027,472,33149.84%50.16%35202.51%
195524,270,58550.02%49.98%31202.54%
195021,408,40150.28%49.72%27200.00%

Turkey Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202083,835,75049.32%50.68%107170.00%
202586,124,85149.23%50.77%110180.54%
203088,416,60949.19%50.81%113180.53%
203590,915,26449.19%50.81%116180.56%
204092,980,81849.20%50.80%119180.45%
204594,561,42449.23%50.77%121180.34%
205095,626,87949.28%50.72%122190.22%
205596,182,06049.33%50.67%123200.12%
206096,221,01049.38%50.62%123210.01%
206595,792,89449.42%50.58%12224-0.09%
207094,969,86149.46%50.54%12125-0.17%
207593,848,00449.49%50.51%12024-0.24%
208092,500,58149.51%50.49%11824-0.29%
208590,987,82349.52%50.48%11624-0.33%
209089,329,72349.53%50.47%11426-0.37%
209587,575,50449.53%50.47%11228-0.40%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer