Turkey Population 2016

[[getCurrentPopulation()]]

Turkey is officially known as the Republic of Turkey. It is a transcontinental country that includes Anatolia in western Asia and East Thrace in southern Europe. It is bordered by eight countries. Along its northwest border lies Bulgaria, towards its west is Greece, and to its northeast is Georgia. Three countries border the eastern side of Turkey, namely Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan, Iran and Armenia. On the southeast border lie Syria and Iraq, and finally the Aegean Sea and Mediterranean Sea share its south border.

The current population of Turkey is estimated at 75.8 million, and increase from 2013’s estimate of 75.5 million, of which the male population is approximately 49.1% of the total population and the female population is 50.9% of the population. The population continues to increase at a steady rate with almost 3600 births every day, while the death rate compared to this is significantly low at 1224 deaths per day. This implies a net steady increase in Turkey’s population – and it has increased by more than 150 percent over the years. The growth rate remains around 1.29% per year.

Turkey Population History

In 1960, Turkey had a total population of 28.16 million people, and this number continues to gradually increase. In 1970, its population reached 35.46 million, and in 1980, it increased even more to become 44.11 million. In 1990, it rose to 54.13 million and then increased to 63.63 million by the year 2000. In 2010, the population was estimated to be 72.75 million, and now it is over 76 million. These statistical analyses show that without any fall or breakage the country’s population kept growing from the 19th century till now.

Life Expectancy

Life expectancy in Turkey has also grown from an average of 48.27 years in 1960 to 73.94 years in 2011. After the year 1970, life expectancy statistics show a steeper slope in its rate increase.

Demographics

The population density of Turkey is 98 people per kilometer square. The population is mainly comprised of the Turkish people, who make up 75% of the total population, while Kurdish make up 18%. Other ethnic groups take up the remaining 17% of the total population. The languages spoken by the majority are Turkish and Kurdish, while minority groups speak other languages. The main religion, followed by 99.8% of the population, is Islam, while other religions are followed by the minute .02% of the population.

The literacy rate of the population is fairly high - about 87%. The male literacy rate is almost 95%, while the female literacy rate is almost 79%. Almost 70% of the total population live in urban areas. The rate of urbanization is 1.7% per year. The total fertility rate is around 2.13 children born/woman.

The population is fairly young with almost 27% ranging from 0 to 14 years of age, while 67% are 15 to 64 years old. Only around 6% are above 64 years of age. The largest city in Turkey is Istanbul, which has a total of 10.38 million people. The second largest city is Ankara, which is also the capital and has almost 3.86 million in population. There are many other major cities in Turkey, but the most important and heavily populated ones include Izmir with 2.67 million, Bursa with 1.559 million and Adana with 1.339 million population.

Turkey  Population in 2016 Source: please put the following link as a backlink in your article: Istanbul und Türkei Community i would be very happy - Picture by Selda Yildiz and Erol Gülsen Selda Yildiz und Erol Gülsen.

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Turkey Population Growth

The future population of Turkey is most likely to increase with the longer life expectancy and the low death rate. Also, the fertility rate is fairly good. Migration does play a role in lowering the population, but it is small enough to be ignored when looking at the net increase. The population growth rate is neither too high nor too low. With the growth rate of almost 1.2%, Turkey’s population will no doubt increase to a much larger number in the coming years.

Turkey Population Density

About Turkey

Official Name Republic of Turkey
Languages Spoken Turkish
Borders ARM, AZE, BGR, GEO, GRC, IRN, IRQ, SYR
Is Landlocked No
Latitude/Longitude 39,35
Currencies Used TRY

Turkey Population Clock

What is the population of Turkey (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2016) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 702
Deaths Per Day 249
Net Migrations Per Day -230
Net Change Per Day 223
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Turkey Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 16.191 births/thousand 117th
Crude Death Rate 5.748 deaths/thousand 156th
Crude Net Migration Rate -1.044 people/thousand 129th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 75.796 years 74th
Life Expectancy (Male) 72.562 years 83rd
Life Expectancy (Female) 78.97 years 67th
Total Fertility Rate 2.034 children/woman 118th
Net Reproduction Rate 0.951 surviving daughters/woman 122nd
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female 87th
Infant Mortality Rate 10.6 deaths/1,000 live births 119th
Under Five Mortality 15.807 deaths/thousand 107th
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.384 years 137th
Rate of Natural Increase 9.967 114th
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 5.279% 99th
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 6.625% 96th
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 3.892% 100th
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 12.057% 99th
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 15.524% 96th
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 8.621% 100th
Crude Suicide Rate 8 suicides/thousand 79th
Median Age (Total) 30.5 years 104th
Median Age (Female) 31 years 103rd
Median Age (Male) 30.1 years 102nd

Turkey Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2016 79,622,062 49.164% 50.836% 103 102 0.99% 19
2015 78,665,830 49.163% 50.837% 102 103 1.21% 18
2010 72,310,416 49.128% 50.872% 93 108 1.65% 18
2005 67,860,617 49.166% 50.834% 88 107 1.24% 18
2000 63,240,157 49.199% 50.801% 82 108 1.48% 18
1995 58,522,320 49.246% 50.754% 76 112 1.58% 18
1990 53,994,605 49.333% 50.667% 70 114 1.68% 21
1985 49,178,079 49.393% 50.607% 63 114 2.03% 21
1980 43,905,790 49.55% 50.45% 57 113 2.32% 20
1975 39,185,637 49.633% 50.367% 50 114 2.31% 20
1970 34,772,031 49.595% 50.405% 45 112 2.38% 21
1965 31,000,167 49.689% 50.311% 40 112 2.29% 21
1960 27,553,280 49.828% 50.172% 35 114 2.42% 20
1955 24,253,200 50.021% 49.979% 31 114 2.62% 20
1950 21,238,496 50.282% 49.718% 27 115 2.64% 20

Turkey Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 82,255,782 49.149% 50.851% 106 102 0.67% 18
2025 84,861,849 49.137% 50.863% 110 100 0.64% 18
2030 87,716,943 49.155% 50.845% 113 104 0.65% 18
2035 90,461,159 49.201% 50.799% 117 103 0.55% 18
2040 92,744,025 49.263% 50.737% 120 105 0.43% 18
2045 94,544,315 49.352% 50.648% 122 107 0.31% 18
2050 95,819,428 49.46% 50.54% 124 107 0.2% 19
2055 96,588,424 49.58% 50.42% 125 108 0.1% 20
2060 96,856,115 49.691% 50.309% 125 108 -0.01% 21
2065 96,649,886 49.796% 50.204% 125 109 -0.1% 23
2070 96,043,431 49.892% 50.108% 124 112 -0.17% 23
2075 95,121,468 49.981% 50.019% 123 113 -0.23% 24
2080 93,972,531 50.058% 49.942% 122 113 -0.27% 24
2085 92,653,695 50.114% 49.886% 120 115 -0.3% 24
2090 91,196,910 50.157% 49.843% 118 117 -0.34% 26
2095 89,620,004 50.177% 49.823% 116 117 -0.36% 27
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations