Turkmenistan Population 2018

5,810,156

Turkmenistan, formerly Turkmenia, is a Turkic state in Central Asia bordered by Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, Iran, and the Caspian Sea. The estimated 2018 population of Turkmenistan is 5.85 million, which ranks 117th in the world.

Turkmenistan has a population of 5.85 million, compared to 4.9 million in 2000. Turkmenistan is one of the least densely populated countries in the world, as most of the country is covered by the Karakum Desert. The population density is 10.5 people per square kilometer (27/sq mi), which ranks 208th in the world.

The capital and largest city is Ashgabat, or Ashkhabad (formerly Poltoratsk) with an estimated population of more than 1 million.

Turkmenistan Demographics

The majority of Turkmenistan's people are ethnic Turkmens (85%) with large minorities of Uzbeks (5%) and Russians (4%). Small minorities include the Kazakhs, Tatars, Ukrainians, Kurds, Armenians, Azers, Balochs and Pashtuns.

In 1939, 18.6% of the population was ethnic Russian, which fell to 9.5% in 1989. Today, it is estimated at 4%. The number of Turkmen in the country doubled from 1989 to 2001 while the number of Russians fell by around 66%.

Muslims make up 89% of the population while 9% follow the Eastern Orthodox Church and the other 2% are non-religious, according to the CIA World Factbook. The Pew Research Center places the Muslim population at 93%.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 4 minutes
One death every 13 minutes
One net migrant every 103 minutes
Net gain of one person every 6 minutes

Turkmenistan Population in 2018Source: Bjørn Christian Tørrissen

Turkmenistan Population Pyramid 2018

0k20k40k60k80kTurkmenistan Male Population0k20k40k60k80kTurkmenistan Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Turkmenistan Median Age

27.5


Total

27


Male

28


Female

Turkmenistan Population by Age

There are 3,696,484 adults in Turkmenistan.

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Turkmenistan Population Growth

Turkmenistan is currently growing at a rate of 1.3%. The country has a fertility rate of 2.36 births per woman, which has fallen dramatically over the past few decades but remains above the replacement rate of 2.1. Life expectancy is now 65 years.

About Turkmenistan

Official NameTurkmenistan
Languages SpokenRussian, Turkmen
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude4060
Currencies UsedTurkmenistan Manat
DemonymTurkmen

Countries Bordering Turkmenistan

Afghanistan
Iran
Kazakhstan
Uzbekistan

Turkmenistan Population Density

Turkmenistan Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Ashgabat727,700
Turkmenabat234,817
Dasoguz166,500
Mary114,680
Balkanabat87,822
Bayramaly75,797
Turkmenbasy68,292
Tejen67,294
Abadan39,481
Yoloeten37,705
Gowurdak34,745
Atamyrat33,242
Koeneuergench30,000
Annau27,526
Yylanly26,901
Gumdag24,312
Baharly22,991
Boldumsaz21,159
Gazanjyk21,090
Gazojak21,021

Turkmenistan Population Clock

The population of Turkmenistan (as of 1/20/2018)?5,810,156
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)5,851,466
Births Per Day381
Deaths Per Day112
Net Migrations Per Day -14
Net Change Per Day 255
Population Change Since January 1st4,845

Turkmenistan Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 23.984 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 7.05 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.862 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 67.98 years
Male Life Expectancy 64.51 years
Female Life Expectancy 71.5 years
Total Fertility Rate 2.785 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.283 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.046 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 43.326 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 51.462 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 27.852 years
Rate of Natural Increase 16.934

Turkmenistan Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20185,851,46649.24%50.76%11.991131.69%
20155,565,28449.24%50.76%11.401141.81%
20105,087,21049.19%50.81%10.421151.36%
20054,754,64149.19%50.81%9.741141.03%
20004,516,13149.22%50.78%9.251151.42%
19954,207,84049.23%50.77%8.621182.69%
19903,683,96649.14%50.86%7.551192.58%
19853,244,01848.98%51.02%6.651232.43%
19802,876,80848.96%51.04%5.891232.64%
19752,525,36148.97%51.03%5.171242.84%
19702,195,17348.91%51.09%4.501243.01%
19651,892,59948.82%51.18%3.881253.37%
19601,603,25848.76%51.24%3.281273.28%
19551,364,63448.80%51.21%2.801302.42%
19501,210,99449.02%50.98%2.481300.00%

Turkmenistan Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20206,031,19549.23%50.77%12.361120.00%
20256,430,54449.19%50.81%13.171131.29%
20306,767,41849.12%50.88%13.861121.03%
20357,073,50449.05%50.95%14.491140.89%
20407,371,17648.98%51.02%15.101160.83%
20457,650,90648.91%51.09%15.671160.75%
20507,887,61748.84%51.16%16.161140.61%
20558,065,65548.75%51.25%16.521130.45%
20608,191,23548.66%51.34%16.781120.31%
20658,281,00048.57%51.43%16.971090.22%
20708,351,77248.52%51.48%17.111090.17%
20758,405,77948.49%51.51%17.221080.13%
20808,438,09248.47%51.53%17.291070.08%
20858,444,89848.45%51.55%17.301070.02%
20908,426,09348.42%51.58%17.26107-0.04%
20958,383,78948.40%51.60%17.18106-0.10%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer