Turkmenistan Population 2017

5,504,287

Turkmenistan has a population of 5.17 million, compared to 4.9 million in 2000. Turkmenistan is one of the least densely populated countries in the world, as most of the country is covered by the Karakum Desert. The population density is 10.5 people per square kilometer (27/sq mi), which ranks 208th in the world.

The capital and largest city is Ashgabat, or Ashkhabad (formerly Poltoratsk) with an estimated population of more than 1 million.

Turkmenistan Demographics

The majority of Turkmenistan's people are ethnic Turkmens (85%) with large minorities of Uzbeks (5%) and Russians (4%). Small minorities include the Kazakhs, Tatars, Ukrainians, Kurds, Armenians, Azers, Balochs and Pashtuns.

In 1939, 18.6% of the population was ethnic Russian, which fell to 9.5% in 1989. Today, it is estimated at 4%. The number of Turkmen in the country doubled from 1989 to 2001 while the number of Russians fell by around 66%.

Muslims make up 89% of the population while 9% follow the Eastern Orthodox Church and the other 2% are non-religious, according to the CIA World Factbook. The Pew Research Center places the Muslim population at 93%.

Turkmenistan Population in 2017Source: Bjørn Christian Tørrissen

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Turkmenistan Population Growth

Turkmenistan is currently growing at a rate of 1.3%. The country has a fertility rate of 2.36 births per woman, which has fallen dramatically over the past few decades but remains above the replacement rate of 2.1. Life expectancy is now 65 years.

About Turkmenistan

Official NameTurkmenistan
Languages SpokenTurkmen, Russian
BordersAFG, IRN, KAZ, UZB
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude4060
Currencies UsedTMT

Turkmenistan Population Density

Name Population
Serhetabat5,200
Serdar12,000
Murgab13,199
Akdepe14,177
Farap14,503
Tagta16,635
Seydi17,762
Sayat17,762
Kaka18,545
Gazojak21,021
Gazanjyk21,090
Boldumsaz21,159
Baharly22,991
Gumdag24,312
Yylanly26,901
Annau27,526
Koeneuergench30,000
Atamyrat33,242
Gowurdak34,745
Yoloeten37,705
Abadan39,481
Tejen67,294
Turkmenbasy68,292
Bayramaly75,797
Balkanabat87,822
Mary114,680
Dasoguz166,500
Turkmenabat234,817
Ashgabat727,700

Turkmenistan Population Clock

What is the population of Turkmenistan (as of September 13, 2017)?5,504,287
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)5502585
Births Per Day61
Deaths Per Day24
Net Migrations Per Day -14
Net Change Per Day 23
Population Change Since January 1st5,865

Turkmenistan Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 20.202 births/thousand80
Crude Death Rate 7.82 deaths/thousand89
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.904 people/thousand124
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 66.009 years155
Male Life Expectancy 61.889 years167
Female Life Expectancy 70.324 years145
Total Fertility Rate 2.227 children/woman99
Net Reproduction Rate 1.011 surviving daughters/woman103
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.046 males per female137
Infant Mortality Rate 43.711 deaths/1,000 live births37
Under Five Mortality 55.731 deaths/thousand45
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.509 years130
Rate of Natural Increase 12.184 95
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 11.39 %151
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 14.151 %155
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 8.523 %145
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 27.021 %155
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 34.422 %170
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 19.451 %146
Crude Suicide Rate 19.4 suicides/thousand16
Median Age (Total) 27.5 years133
Median Age (Female) 28 years130
Median Age (Male) 27 years131

Turkmenistan Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20175,502,58549.099%50.901%112091.13%116
20155,373,50149.143%50.857%112091.21%117
20105,041,99549.239%50.761%102081.27%116
20054,747,83949.323%50.677%102051.13%114
20004,501,41949.366%50.634%92041.11%114
19954,188,01049.373%50.627%82041.88%117
19903,668,00049.308%50.692%72062.81%119
19853,229,49949.15%50.85%62062.46%123
19802,861,00049.146%50.854%62042.43%123
19752,520,00249.243%50.757%52042.64%124
19702,188,49949.226%50.774%42052.88%124
19651,890,00049.161%50.839%41963.1%125
19601,593,50149.059%50.941%32053.48%127
19551,355,50148.988%51.012%22073.03%130
19501,211,00049.018%50.982%22041.42%130

Turkmenistan Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20205,685,33749.025%50.975%122101.01%116
20255,951,62648.884%51.116%122100.77%116
20306,159,59448.724%51.276%132100.57%118
20356,315,93548.556%51.444%132100.41%117
20406,431,75148.405%51.595%132100.3%118
20456,513,00748.268%51.732%132110.18%117
20506,554,94148.133%51.867%132120.05%118
20556,555,23047.991%52.009%13212-0.08%118
20606,513,75347.84%52.16%13212-0.2%118
20656,437,27247.697%52.303%13213-0.29%119
20706,336,64347.589%52.411%13213-0.35%120
20756,222,78347.525%52.475%13213-0.38%120
20806,103,77547.485%52.515%12213-0.4%121
20855,980,86347.462%52.538%12213-0.41%123
20905,857,12647.459%52.541%12213-0.43%124
20955,731,33547.48%52.52%12213-0.44%124
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations