Turkmenistan Population 2017

5,761,249

Turkmenistan, formerly Turkmenia, is a Turkic state in Central Asia bordered by Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, Iran, and the Caspian Sea. The estimated 2017 population of Turkmenistan is 5.76 million, which ranks 117th in the world.

Turkmenistan has a population of 5.76 million, compared to 4.9 million in 2000. Turkmenistan is one of the least densely populated countries in the world, as most of the country is covered by the Karakum Desert. The population density is 10.5 people per square kilometer (27/sq mi), which ranks 208th in the world.

The capital and largest city is Ashgabat, or Ashkhabad (formerly Poltoratsk) with an estimated population of more than 1 million.

Turkmenistan Demographics

The majority of Turkmenistan's people are ethnic Turkmens (85%) with large minorities of Uzbeks (5%) and Russians (4%). Small minorities include the Kazakhs, Tatars, Ukrainians, Kurds, Armenians, Azers, Balochs and Pashtuns.

In 1939, 18.6% of the population was ethnic Russian, which fell to 9.5% in 1989. Today, it is estimated at 4%. The number of Turkmen in the country doubled from 1989 to 2001 while the number of Russians fell by around 66%.

Muslims make up 89% of the population while 9% follow the Eastern Orthodox Church and the other 2% are non-religious, according to the CIA World Factbook. The Pew Research Center places the Muslim population at 93%.

Turkmenistan Population in 2018Source: Bjørn Christian Tørrissen

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Turkmenistan Population Growth

Turkmenistan is currently growing at a rate of 1.3%. The country has a fertility rate of 2.36 births per woman, which has fallen dramatically over the past few decades but remains above the replacement rate of 2.1. Life expectancy is now 65 years.

About Turkmenistan

Official NameTurkmenistan
Languages SpokenRussian, Turkmen
BordersAFG, IRN, KAZ, UZB
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude4060
Currencies UsedTMT

Turkmenistan Population Density

Name Population
Ashgabat727,700
Turkmenabat234,817
Dasoguz166,500
Mary114,680
Balkanabat87,822
Bayramaly75,797
Turkmenbasy68,292
Tejen67,294
Abadan39,481
Yoloeten37,705
Gowurdak34,745
Atamyrat33,242
Koeneuergench30,000
Annau27,526
Yylanly26,901
Gumdag24,312
Baharly22,991
Boldumsaz21,159
Gazanjyk21,090
Gazojak21,021
Kaka18,545
Seydi17,762
Sayat17,762
Tagta16,635
Farap14,503
Akdepe14,177
Murgab13,199
Serdar12,000
Serhetabat5,200

Turkmenistan Population Clock

What is the population of Turkmenistan (as of 11/15/2017)?5,761,249
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)5,758,075
Births Per Day61
Deaths Per Day24
Net Migrations Per Day -14
Net Change Per Day 23
Population Change Since January 1st7,337

Turkmenistan Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 20.202 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 7.82 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.904 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 66.009 years
Male Life Expectancy 61.889 years
Female Life Expectancy 70.324 years
Total Fertility Rate 2.227 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.011 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.046 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 43.711 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 55.731 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.509 years
Rate of Natural Increase 12.184
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 11.39%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 14.151%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 8.523%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 27.021%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 34.422%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 19.451%
Median Age (Total) 27.5 years
Median Age (Female) 28 years
Median Age (Male) 27 years

Turkmenistan Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20175,758,07549.24%50.76%121.72%
20155,565,28449.24%50.76%111.81%
20105,087,21049.19%50.81%101.36%
20054,754,64149.19%50.81%101.03%
20004,516,13149.22%50.78%91.42%
19954,207,84049.23%50.77%92.69%
19903,683,96649.14%50.86%82.58%
19853,244,01848.98%51.02%72.43%
19802,876,80848.96%51.04%62.64%
19752,525,36148.97%51.03%52.84%
19702,195,17348.91%51.09%43.01%
19651,892,59948.82%51.18%43.37%
19601,603,25848.76%51.24%33.28%
19551,364,63448.80%51.21%32.42%
19501,210,99449.02%50.98%20.00%

Turkmenistan Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20206,031,19549.23%50.77%120.00%
20256,430,54449.19%50.81%131.29%
20306,767,41849.12%50.88%141.03%
20357,073,50449.05%50.95%140.89%
20407,371,17648.98%51.02%150.83%
20457,650,90648.91%51.09%160.75%
20507,887,61748.84%51.16%160.61%
20558,065,65548.75%51.25%170.45%
20608,191,23548.66%51.34%170.31%
20658,281,00048.57%51.43%170.22%
20708,351,77248.52%51.48%170.17%
20758,405,77948.49%51.51%170.13%
20808,438,09248.47%51.53%170.08%
20858,444,89848.45%51.55%170.02%
20908,426,09348.42%51.58%17-0.04%
20958,383,78948.40%51.60%17-0.10%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer