Turkmenistan Population 2017

[[getCurrentPopulation()]]

Turkmenistan has a population of 5.17 million, compared to 4.9 million in 2000. Turkmenistan is one of the least densely populated countries in the world, as most of the country is covered by the Karakum Desert. The population density is 10.5 people per square kilometer (27/sq mi), which ranks 208th in the world.

The capital and largest city is Ashgabat, or Ashkhabad (formerly Poltoratsk) with an estimated population of more than 1 million.

Turkmenistan Demographics

The majority of Turkmenistan's people are ethnic Turkmens (85%) with large minorities of Uzbeks (5%) and Russians (4%). Small minorities include the Kazakhs, Tatars, Ukrainians, Kurds, Armenians, Azers, Balochs and Pashtuns.

In 1939, 18.6% of the population was ethnic Russian, which fell to 9.5% in 1989. Today, it is estimated at 4%. The number of Turkmen in the country doubled from 1989 to 2001 while the number of Russians fell by around 66%.

Muslims make up 89% of the population while 9% follow the Eastern Orthodox Church and the other 2% are non-religious, according to the CIA World Factbook. The Pew Research Center places the Muslim population at 93%.

Turkmenistan Population in 2017 Source: Bjørn Christian Tørrissen

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Turkmenistan Population Growth

Turkmenistan is currently growing at a rate of 1.3%. The country has a fertility rate of 2.36 births per woman, which has fallen dramatically over the past few decades but remains above the replacement rate of 2.1. Life expectancy is now 65 years.

Turkmenistan Population Density

About Turkmenistan

Official Name Turkmenistan
Languages Spoken Russian, Turkmen
Borders AFG, IRN, KAZ, UZB
Is Landlocked Yes
Latitude/Longitude 40,60
Currencies Used TMT

Turkmenistan Population Clock

What is the population of Turkmenistan (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 61
Deaths Per Day 24
Net Migrations Per Day -14
Net Change Per Day 23
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Turkmenistan Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 20.202 births/thousand 80th
Crude Death Rate 7.82 deaths/thousand 89th
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.904 people/thousand 124th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 66.009 years 155th
Life Expectancy (Male) 61.889 years 167th
Life Expectancy (Female) 70.324 years 145th
Total Fertility Rate 2.227 children/woman 99th
Net Reproduction Rate 1.011 surviving daughters/woman 103rd
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.046 males per female 137th
Infant Mortality Rate 43.711 deaths/1,000 live births 37th
Under Five Mortality 55.731 deaths/thousand 45th
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.509 years 130th
Rate of Natural Increase 12.184 95th
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 11.39% 151st
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 14.151% 155th
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 8.523% 145th
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 27.021% 151st
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 34.422% 155th
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 19.451% 145th
Crude Suicide Rate 19.4 suicides/thousand 16th
Median Age (Total) 27.5 years 133rd
Median Age (Female) 28 years 130th
Median Age (Male) 27 years 131st

Turkmenistan Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2017 5,502,585 49.099% 50.901% 11 209 1.13% 116
2015 5,373,501 49.143% 50.857% 11 209 1.21% 117
2010 5,041,995 49.239% 50.761% 10 208 1.27% 116
2005 4,747,839 49.323% 50.677% 10 205 1.13% 114
2000 4,501,419 49.366% 50.634% 9 204 1.11% 114
1995 4,188,010 49.373% 50.627% 8 204 1.88% 117
1990 3,668,000 49.308% 50.692% 7 206 2.81% 119
1985 3,229,499 49.15% 50.85% 6 206 2.46% 123
1980 2,861,000 49.146% 50.854% 6 204 2.43% 123
1975 2,520,002 49.243% 50.757% 5 204 2.64% 124
1970 2,188,499 49.226% 50.774% 4 205 2.88% 124
1965 1,890,000 49.161% 50.839% 4 196 3.1% 125
1960 1,593,501 49.059% 50.941% 3 205 3.48% 127
1955 1,355,501 48.988% 51.012% 2 207 3.03% 130
1950 1,211,000 49.018% 50.982% 2 204 1.42% 130

Turkmenistan Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 5,685,337 49.025% 50.975% 12 210 1.01% 116
2025 5,951,626 48.884% 51.116% 12 210 0.77% 116
2030 6,159,594 48.724% 51.276% 13 210 0.57% 118
2035 6,315,935 48.556% 51.444% 13 210 0.41% 117
2040 6,431,751 48.405% 51.595% 13 210 0.3% 118
2045 6,513,007 48.268% 51.732% 13 211 0.18% 117
2050 6,554,941 48.133% 51.867% 13 212 0.05% 118
2055 6,555,230 47.991% 52.009% 13 212 -0.08% 118
2060 6,513,753 47.84% 52.16% 13 212 -0.2% 118
2065 6,437,272 47.697% 52.303% 13 213 -0.29% 119
2070 6,336,643 47.589% 52.411% 13 213 -0.35% 120
2075 6,222,783 47.525% 52.475% 13 213 -0.38% 120
2080 6,103,775 47.485% 52.515% 12 213 -0.4% 121
2085 5,980,863 47.462% 52.538% 12 213 -0.41% 123
2090 5,857,126 47.459% 52.541% 12 213 -0.43% 124
2095 5,731,335 47.48% 52.52% 12 213 -0.44% 124
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations