Underdeveloped Countries 2019

An underdeveloped country is a country characterized by chronic widespread poverty and less economic development than other nations. Emerging markets, developing countries, and newly industrialized countries are terms that are often used interchangeably for an underdeveloped country.

These countries have very low per capita income and many residents live in very poor conditions, including lacking access to education and health care. Additionally, underdeveloped countries have obsolete methods of production and social organization. These nations often experience high birth rates and high population growth, further contributing to their widespread poverty.

The most accurate way to categorize the development of countries is by using the Human Development Index (HDI). The Human Development index looks at each country’s human development such as life expectancy, education, and per capita income indicators. Human Development Index ranks countries on a scale from 0-1, from least developed to most developed. There are four tiers: low human developed (0-.55), medium human development (.55-.70), high human development (.70-80), and very high human development (.80-1.0).

Based on the Human Development Index, the ten most underdeveloped countries in the world are:

  1. Niger (.354)
  2. Central African Republic (.367)
  3. South Sudan (.388)
  4. Chad (.404)
  5. Burundi (.417)
  6. Sierra Leone (.419)
  7. Burkina Faso (.423)
  8. Mali (.427)
  9. Liberia (.435)
  10. Mozambique (.437)

The United Nations (UN) holds a conference every ten years on the underdeveloped countries in the world. During the most recent conference, the UN set a goal to graduate 50% of the current underdeveloped countries to a higher economic status by 2022. The World Trade Organization (WTO) has created an Integrated Framework of Action to integrate these countries into the global economy by assisting with trade and market access with the hopes of encouraging economic growth and development.

Flag Country Human Development Index Population 2019
Niger0.35423,310,715
Central African Republic0.3674,745,185
South Sudan0.38811,062,113
Chad0.40415,946,876
Burundi0.41711,530,580
Sierra Leone0.4197,813,215
Burkina Faso0.42320,321,378
Mali0.42719,658,031
Liberia0.4354,937,374
Mozambique0.43730,366,036
Eritrea0.443,497,117
Yemen0.45229,161,922
Guinea Bissau0.4551,920,922
Dr Congo0.45786,790,567
Guinea0.45912,771,246
Gambia0.462,347,706
Ethiopia0.463112,078,730
Malawi0.47718,628,747
Haiti0.49811,263,077
Afghanistan0.49838,041,754
Sudan0.50242,813,238
Comoros0.503850,886
Togo0.5038,082,366
Senegal0.50516,296,364
Benin0.51511,801,151
Uganda0.51644,269,594
Madagascar0.51926,969,307
Lesotho0.522,125,268
Mauritania0.524,525,696
Rwanda0.52412,626,950
Tanzania0.53858,005,463
Solomon Islands0.546669,823
Nepal0.57428,608,710
Myanmar0.57854,045,420
Angola0.58131,825,295
Cambodia0.58216,486,542
Zambia0.58817,861,030
Sao Tome And Principe0.589215,056
Laos0.6017,169,455
Vanuatu0.603299,882
Bangladesh0.608163,046,161
Kiribati0.612117,606
Bhutan0.612763,092