The unemployment rate refers to the percentage of people who do not work. Countries around the world measure unemployment in different ways. Some, for example, consider college students to be employed. Others may also include disabled people or those who are permanently unemployable in their calculations. There are also differences in other areas, such as age limits.
The International Labour Organization and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development have come up with a solution. ILO unemployment rates refer to any person that is not working but is willing and able to work, available for work, and actively seeking work. The OECD has calculated the unemployment rate based on the percentage of the labor force.