United Kingdom Population 2019

67,673,554

The United Kingdom's 2019 population is 67.53 million according to the most recent UN estimates. Each year in June, the Office for National Statistics releases an updated estimate based on migration and fertility statistics. The last full UK census was carried out in 2011, showing a population of 63,181,775, up from 2001’s census figure of 58,789,194. The UK is the world’s 21st largest country by population. The United Kingdom is currently growing at a rate of .61% per year.

The United Kingdom includes four nations, England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland. Each nation has their own major cities that contribute to the population and demographics of the United Kingdom. London is the capital of the country, with 8,136,000 living within its boundaries. Glasgow in Scotland has a population of 598,830.

United Kingdom Area and Population Density

In terms of density, based on the Office of National Statistics findings in 2010, there were 255 people living in every square kilometer of land (660 per square mile) which ranks the territory twelfth in the world overall.

As we’ve already seen, the confirmed figures from the 2001 Census showed that there were 58,789,194 people living in the UK and demographic analysis showed that of that figure, 92.1% of the population claimed to be of White British descent.

Largest Cities in the United Kingdom

Although the United Kingdom is made up of multiple nations, most of the largest cities are found in England. Perhaps the most well-known, London is also the largest city by population with its 8,136,000 residents. The next four largest cities are Birmingham, Manchester, West Yorkshire, and North East- all of which are in England. The sixth largest city in the UK, Glasgow, is in Scotland and is the home to 598,830 people.

United Kingdom Demographics

Based on data from the last Census taken in 2011, the majority of the UK's population is situated in England, which accounts for just under 84% of the total population. Scotland trails behind with 8.4% of the population, followed by Wales at 4.8%, and Northern Island at 2.9%.

The United Kingdom has a diverse set of overseas born populations, with the largest 5 contributing countries being:

  1. Poland (831,000)
  2. India (795,000)
  3. Pakistan (503,000)
  4. Ireland (382,000)
  5. Germany (286,000)

The UK has a high literacy rate of over 99% among residents aged 15 and older. This is attributed to the universal public education provided to UK residents, both in primary and secondary schools.

The most used languages in the United Kingdom are the English, Polish, and Welsh languages.

The total fertility rate of the United Kingdom is 1.92 children per woman, according to data from 2012. The number of children born to foreign-born mothers has increased to encompass over one-quarter of the total population, and statistics from 2014 show that the fertility of foreign-born women living in the UK is higher than native women of child-bearing age.

United Kingdom Religion, Economy and Politics

49% of the UK population is irreligious (or has no particular affiliation with any religion), 17% is affiliated with an Anglican Christian, 17% with a non-Anglican Christian faith, 8% Roman Catholic, 5% Islamic, and 4% other beliefs. An interesting side-note of religion and the UK is that only Protestants may gain the crown of king or queen, and those eligible for the crown have only recently been allowed to marry those of the Catholic faith without losing their eligibility.

United Kingdom Population History

The first census in England was taken in 1801 and revealed the population to be around 10.5 million. The first cumulative census for the 4 nations of the UK was taken in 1841 and found the greater United Kingdom to have close to 20.5 million citizens. The Irish population dropped somewhat drastically only years afterward because of the Great Irish Famine which killed more than a million people and caused many to emigrate from the area. This decrease is population was counterbalanced by growth in England during this time, so the overall numbers didn't change much up until 1900. Throughout the 20th century, all of the nations in the United Kingdom experienced steady growth leading to their substantial numbers of today.

United Kingdom Population Growth

Released in 2011, the figures from the Office for National Statistics suggest that natural growth in the UK is at its highest level since the so-called ‘baby boom’ years of the 1960s. This natural change, the difference between the current birth rate and death rate, was also reported to be responsible for over 52% of the UK population’s growth.

Increased fertility also contributed to the rising population in the United Kingdom, with rising fertility rising among women born in the UK and an increase in the number of female immigrants of child-bearing age. During 2010, the number of births within the UK totaled 797,000, the highest number recorded since 1991. This contributed to the overall population growth of 3.1 million people between 2001 and 2010.

United Kingdom Population Projections

The United Kingdom's population is expected to continue its rise throughout the 21st century. Driven by modest natural increase and positive net immigration, the population will reach 77 million by 2050, according to the ONS projections. The UN projections for 2050 are slightly lower at 75 million.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 41 seconds
One death every 50 seconds
One net migrant every 2 minutes
Net gain of one person every 1 minutes

United Kingdom Population in 2018Source: By Daniel Chapman (Flickr) [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

United Kingdom Population Pyramid 2019

United Kingdom Population by Age

There are 53,409,606 adults in United Kingdom.

The increase in natural growth coupled with a further rise in net migration will see the UK population continuing to rise throughout the 21st century. The UN's medium variant projections have the United Kingdom's population surpassing 75 million in 2050.

Official NameUnited Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Languages SpokenEnglish
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude54.00, -2.00
Currencies UsedUnited Kingdom Pound
DemonymBritish
BordersIreland
Name Population Location
London7,556,900Map
Birmingham984,333Map
Liverpool864,122Map
Nottingham729,977Map
Sheffield685,368Map
Bristol617,280Map
Glasgow591,620Map
Leicester508,916Map
Edinburgh464,990Map
Leeds455,123Map
Cardiff447,287Map
Manchester395,515Map
Stoke-on-Trent372,775Map
Coventry359,262Map
Sunderland335,415Map
Birkenhead325,264Map
Islington319,143Map
Reading318,014Map
Kingston upon Hull314,018Map
Preston313,332Map

United Kingdom Population Clock

The population of United Kingdom (as of 11/15/2019)?67,673,554
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2019)67,530,172
Births Per Day2,114
Deaths Per Day1,730
Net Migrations Per Day655
Net Change Per Day1,039
Population Change Since January 1st331,441

United Kingdom Population Estimator

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Estimate as of November 15th 2019 is: 67,663,733

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201967,530,17249.39%50.61%278.02210.58%
201867,141,68449.36%50.64%276.42210.62%
201766,727,46149.34%50.66%274.71210.65%
201666,297,94449.32%50.68%272.94210.66%
201565,860,14649.29%50.71%271.14210.75%
201063,459,80849.13%50.87%261.26211.03%
200560,287,95448.96%51.04%248.20210.46%
200058,923,30948.73%51.27%242.58210.34%
199557,932,45348.62%51.38%238.50190.28%
199057,134,39148.61%51.39%235.22150.25%
198556,413,55348.62%51.38%232.25150.07%
198056,209,17148.66%51.34%231.41140.02%
197556,152,33348.65%51.35%231.17130.21%
197055,573,45348.53%51.47%228.79120.49%
196554,240,85048.50%51.50%223.31100.70%
196052,370,60248.29%51.71%215.6190.51%
195551,063,90248.11%51.89%210.2390.18%
195050,616,01448.08%51.92%208.3890.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202067,886,01149.41%50.59%279.48210.00%
202569,273,64049.52%50.48%285.19210.41%
203070,485,49049.61%50.39%290.18210.35%
203571,548,76049.67%50.32%294.56220.30%
204072,486,89149.76%50.24%298.42230.26%
204573,346,42749.84%50.16%301.96250.24%
205074,081,98149.92%50.08%304.99260.20%
205574,641,51850.00%50.00%307.29280.15%
206075,060,46550.07%49.93%309.02290.11%
206575,428,31650.14%49.86%310.53290.10%
207075,815,10850.19%49.81%312.12290.10%
207576,194,67450.23%49.77%313.69300.10%
208076,534,82650.27%49.73%315.09310.09%
208576,858,55750.30%49.70%316.42320.08%
209077,220,08450.32%49.68%317.91310.09%
209577,629,88750.33%49.67%319.60330.11%
  1. The Office for National Statistics (UK)
  2. Immigration Patterns of Non-UK Born Populations in England and Wales
  3. World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 2011 census, official population estimates through 2015, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  4. GeoNames Gazetteer