United States Population 2017

324,938,737

According to the US Census Bureau's population clock, the estimated 2016 United States population (December 2016) is nearly 325 million. This falls just a bit short of the 324.1 million estimated by the United Nations.

By population, the United States of America is the third largest country in the world, falling far behind China (1.4 billion) and India (1.25 billion). Its most populous states are California (39 million) and Texas (27 million), and its most populous city is New York City (8.5 million.)

Largest state in the United States

The largest state in the USA by population is California, which is estimated to be home to just over 39 million people. If California was a country, it would be the 36th most populous in the world, slightly larger than Poland. Its economy would be the eighth largest economy in the world, with roughly the same GDP as Italy, a European country of 61 million people. Interestingly, though, although California is the largest state in the United States of America, it isn't the largest state in the Americas - that honor goes to Brazil's state of Sao Paulo.

Largest city in the United States

The largest city in the USA is New York City. The city's population is estimated at an impressive 8.5 million, which makes New York City larger than the second and third most populous cities in the United States (Los Angeles and Chicago) combined.

For much of the early 20th century, New York City was the largest city in the world. The stunning growth of cities elsewhere in the world means that today, New York is the world's 9th largest city, sandwiched between Beijing and Guangfo, both located in China. It is, however, the world's second largest city by GDP - its nominal GDP of $1.55 trillion puts it second only to the Japanese city of Tokyo.

United States Census 2010

The United States census is held once every ten years, to count the number of people in the country to gather basic information, including age, sex, and race. The last census was held in 2010, and the next census will be held in 2020.

The information collected in the census is used for many purposes. The first purpose is to ensure that each seat in Congress represents roughly the same amount of people. National and State governments also use the information to plan services - for example, if they know that the population in an area is growing rapidly, they can plan to build more housing, schools, and hospitals. Every year, the Census Bureau releases annual population estimates. Statistical modelling methods are applied to the most recent census data to give an up-to-date picture of how the population of America changes between censuses.

You can read more about the census at the US Census Bureau website.

United States Population History

Nobody is sure what the population of the Americas was before Columbus arrived in 1492. Estimates vary wildly, but it is commonly accepted that the indigenous population of the Americas (the continents of North and South America combined) was between 50 million and 100 million in the 1490s. That includes approximately 15 million people living in the Aztec Empire and around 6 million Inca. The population of North America at the time is equally uncertain and has been estimated to be between 5 and 15 million.

Indigenous populations were hit hard by the arrival of European settlers. They were attacked by diseases including smallpox, and some historians believe that disease killed over 50% of the population. Even more were killed by wars, massacres, and resettlement programs. The Native American population of the United States reached a low point in the early 20th century but has since been gradually increasing.

Formal censuses were not carried out during the colonial era, but records show that the colonial population grew from a shaky start of just 3,800 in 1610 to over 1 million in 1750. The population grew rapidly moving forward, and when the first official census was held in 1790 shortly after independence, the population had grown to nearly 4 million.

United States Population Projections

The population of the US continues to grow today, driven by a high level of immigration. The latest data from the Census Bureau shows that US population growth is running at 0.9% per year. They estimate that growth will continue fairly steadily over the next four decades, and that the US will reach a population of 400 million in 2039. If their predictions are correct, the US population in 2050 will be around 439 million. The United Nations projects a much lower total, estimating a population of just over 400 million in 2050.

The country's racial profile will be vastly different, and although whites will remain the single largest racial group in the the US, they will no longer be a majority. Growth in the Hispanic and Asian populations is predicted to almost triple over the next 40 years.

The average US citizen of 2050 is likely to be older than the average citizen of today, and almost one in five people will be 65 or older. At the same time, the percentage of people who are working age (18-64) is likely to fall from 63% today to 57% in 2050. This will have huge implications for society as younger people work to fund the pensions and healthcare of the older.

Race and Ethnicity

In the census, respondents are asked to identify their race. The results from the 2010 census were as follows

  • White - 72.4%
  • Black or African American - 12.6%
  • American Indian or Alaska Native 0.9%
  • Asian - 4.8%
  • Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander - 0.2%
  • Two or more races - 2.9%
  • Some other race - 6.2%

This doesn't really tell the whole story, though, as it takes no account of those people who identify themselves as Hispanic. The census makes very clear that it does not consider Hispanic to be a race, but nonetheless it asks people whether they consider themselves to be of "Hispanic, Latino or Spanish origin." In total, 16.7% of people identified themselves as Hispanic - just over 50 million people. People who identified as Hispanic often identified themselves as White or Some Other Race as well, but this is not always the case.

Ancestry

In 2010, the census collected information about ancestry, but this question was removed from the 2010 census. The latest data from 2000 shows that these were the largest ancestral groups in the US:

  • German - 15.2%
  • Irish - 10.8%
  • African American - 8.8%
  • English - 8.7%
  • American - 7.2%
  • Mexican - 6.5%

United States Quality of Life

The average life expectancy of a person born in the United States in 2016 is 78.8 years. As is common in most countries in the world, US women have a higher life expectancy than men - women born in 2016 live for 81.3 years on average, while the life expectancy of men is just 76.3 years.

Compared to the rest of the world, using data compiled by the United Nations, the United States is only 39th in the world when it comes to life expectancy. Interestingly, both the US Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico have higher life expectancies than those born in the continental US. Hawaii is the state with the highest life expectancy (81.3 years on average) and Mississippi is the state with the lowest life expectancy (74.9 years on average).

Although the United States has the largest overall economy in the world, it does not have the highest GDP per capita. With a GDP per capita of $55,800, the United States ranks 19th in the world, falling behind small countries like Luxembourg that have economies based around servicing international finance, as well as trailing major countries such as Australia. Average salary, calculated in 2014, is very similar at $51,939. The state with the highest GDP per capita is North Dakota ($72,719) and the state with the lowest GDP per capita is Mississippi ($34,784.)

Despite having a high GDP per capita and a healthy life expectancy, the United States ranks only 13th in the most recent World Happiness Report.

Language

The language most commonly spoken in the United States is English, which is the main language of 80% of American residents. Spanish is the main language of 12.3% of residents and Chinese is the main language of 2.3%.

Native American languages are the main language of 0.9% of residents. There is a wide variety of different Native American languages, many of which are on the endangered list. The most widely spoken is Southern Quechua, used by around 7 million people.

Although legal documents are normally written in English, the United States has no official lanaguage at the federal level. At the state level most, but not all states have English as their official language. Hawaii is the only state to have two official languages - English and Hawaiian.

Religion

The United States Constitution enshrines the right to religious freedom and prevents the development of an official state religion. The lack of official involvement in religion means that no questions about religion are asked in the census, and as a result, limited and sometimes questionable data is available.

The data on religion in this article and the associated chart is drawn from a 2007 study conducted by the Pew Forum.

It reported that the vast majority of Americans are believers in a single religion. According to a 2007 survey, 78% of respondents identified themselves as Christians. Just over half (51.3%) of all Americans are Protestants, and almost a quarter (23.9%) are Catholic. Other Christian denominations make up 3.3% of the population.

Jews (1.7%), Buddhists (0.7%) and Muslims (0.6%) are the next largest religious groups in the United States and 16.1% of Americans declared themselves to have no religion.

United States Population in 2018Source: Dschwen

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

United States Population Growth

High levels of immigration combined with a healthy birth rate mean that, in contrast to many other developed countries, the US population continues to grow at a steady rate, increasing at around 0.9% each year.

About United States

Official NameUnited States of America
Languages SpokenEnglish
BordersCAN, MEX
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude38-97
Currencies UsedUSDUSNUSS

United States Population Density

Name Population
New York City8,175,133
Los Angeles3,792,621
Chicago2,695,598
Brooklyn2,300,664
Borough of Queens2,272,771
Houston2,099,451
Philadelphia1,526,006
Manhattan1,487,536
Phoenix1,445,632
The Bronx1,385,108
San Antonio1,327,407
San Diego1,307,402
Dallas1,197,816
San Jose945,942
Indianapolis829,718
Jacksonville821,784
San Francisco805,235
Austin790,390
Columbus787,033
Fort Worth741,206
Charlotte731,424
Detroit713,777
El Paso649,121
Memphis646,889
New South Memphis641,608
Baltimore620,961
Boston617,594
Seattle608,660
Washington, D.C.601,723
Denver600,158
Milwaukee594,833
Portland583,776
Las Vegas583,756
Oklahoma City579,999
South Boston571,281
Albuquerque545,852
Nashville530,852
Tucson520,116
Fresno494,665
Staten Island468,730
Sacramento466,488
Long Beach462,257
Kansas City459,787
Mesa439,041
Virginia Beach437,994
Atlanta420,003
Colorado Springs416,427
Omaha408,958
Raleigh403,892
Miami399,457
Cleveland396,815
Tulsa391,906
Oakland390,724
Minneapolis382,578
Wichita382,368
Honolulu371,657
Arlington365,438
Bakersfield347,483
New Orleans343,829
West Raleigh338,759
Anaheim336,265
Tampa335,709
Aurora325,078
Santa Ana324,528
St. Louis319,294
Pittsburgh305,704
Corpus Christi305,215
Riverside303,871
Cincinnati296,943
Lexington-Fayette295,803
Anchorage291,826
Stockton291,707
Meads288,649
Ironville288,649
Toledo287,208
Saint Paul285,068
Newark277,140
Greensboro269,666
Buffalo261,310
Plano259,841
Lincoln258,379
Henderson257,729
Fort Wayne253,691
Jersey City247,597
Saint Petersburg244,769
Chula Vista243,916
Louisville243,639
Norfolk242,803
Orlando238,300
Chandler236,123
Laredo236,091
Madison233,209
Winston-Salem229,617
Lubbock229,573
Baton Rouge229,493
Durham228,330
Garland226,876
Glendale226,721
Lexington225,366
Reno225,221
Hialeah224,669
Paradise223,167
Chesapeake222,209
Scottsdale217,385
North Las Vegas216,961
Jamaica216,866
Fremont214,089
Birmingham212,237
Rochester210,565
San Bernardino209,924
Spokane208,916
Gilbert208,453
Arlington207,627
Montgomery205,764
Richmond204,214
Des Moines203,433
North Glendale203,201
Modesto201,165
Fayetteville200,564
Shreveport199,311
Akron199,110
Tacoma198,397
Aurora197,899
Oxnard197,899
Fontana196,069
Yonkers195,976
Mobile195,111
Little Rock193,524
Moreno Valley193,365
Glendale191,719
Amarillo190,695
Huntington Beach189,992
Columbus189,885
Sunrise Manor189,372
Grand Rapids188,040
Oxnard Shores187,235
Salt Lake City186,440
Tallahassee181,376
Worcester181,045
Newport News180,719
Huntsville180,105
Knoxville178,874
Spring Valley178,395
Providence178,042
Santa Clarita176,320
Grand Prairie175,396
Brownsville175,023
Jackson173,514
Overland Park173,372
East New York173,198
Garden Grove170,883
Santa Rosa167,815
Chattanooga167,674
Hollywood167,664
Oceanside167,086
Fort Lauderdale165,521
Rancho Cucamonga165,269
Port Saint Lucie164,603
Ontario163,924
Vancouver161,791
Tempe161,719
Springfield159,498
Tempe Junction158,368
Lancaster156,633
Eugene156,185
Pembroke Pines154,750
Salem154,637
Cape Coral154,305
Peoria154,065
East Chattanooga154,024
Sioux Falls153,888
Springfield153,060
Elk Grove153,015
Rockford152,871
Palmdale152,750
Corona152,374
Salinas150,441
Pomona149,058
Pasadena149,043
Valencia148,456
East Hampton147,993
Joliet147,433
Paterson146,199
Boise145,987
Kansas City145,786
Torrance145,438
Syracuse145,170
Bridgeport144,229
Hayward144,186
Fort Collins143,986
Escondido143,911
Lakewood142,980
Metairie Terrace142,489
Naperville141,853
Dayton141,527
Hollywood140,768
Sunnyvale140,081
Alexandria139,966
Mesquite139,824
Metairie138,481
Hampton137,436
Pasadena137,122
Van Nuys136,443
Orange136,416
Savannah136,286
Cary135,234
Fullerton135,161
Warren134,056
Clarksville132,929
McKinney131,117
McAllen129,877
New Haven129,779
Sterling Heights129,699
West Valley City129,480
Columbia129,272
Killeen127,921
Topeka127,473
Thousand Oaks126,683
East Los Angeles126,496
Cedar Rapids126,326
Olathe125,872
Elizabeth124,969
Waco124,805
Hartford124,775
Visalia124,442
Gainesville124,354
Simi Valley124,237
Stamford122,643
Amherst122,366
Bellevue122,363
Concord122,067
Miramar122,041
North Stamford121,230
Coral Springs121,096
Lafayette120,623
Charleston120,083
Carrollton119,097
Roseville118,788
Thornton118,772
Beaumont118,296
Allentown118,032
Surprise117,517
Evansville117,429
Abilene117,063
Frisco116,989
Independence116,830
Athens116,714
Santa Clara116,468
Springfield116,250
Vallejo115,942
Victorville115,903
Peoria115,007
Lansing114,297
Ann Arbor113,934
El Monte113,475
Denton113,383
North Peoria113,004
Berkeley112,580
Provo112,488
Downey111,772
Midland111,147
Norman110,925
East Independence110,675
Waterbury110,366
Costa Mesa109,960
Inglewood109,673
Manchester109,565
Murfreesboro108,755
Columbia108,500
Enterprise108,481
Elgin108,188
Clearwater107,685
Miami Gardens107,167
Rochester106,769
Pueblo106,595
Lowell106,519
Wilmington106,476
Arvada106,433
Westminster106,114
West Covina106,098
Gresham105,594
Norwalk105,549
Fargo105,549
Carlsbad105,328
Fairfield105,321
Cambridge105,162
Universal City105,000
Wichita Falls104,553
High Point104,371
Billings104,170
Green Bay104,057
West Jordan103,712
Richmond103,701
Brandon103,483
Murrieta103,466
Burbank103,340
Palm Bay103,190
Everett103,019
Edison102,548
Flint102,434
Antioch102,372
Erie101,786
South Bend101,168
Daly City101,123
Centennial100,377
Temecula100,097
Odessa99,940
West Palm Beach99,919
Round Rock99,887
Pompano Beach99,845
Clinton99,753
Davenport99,685
Columbia99,615
Santa Maria99,553
El Cajon99,478
Richardson99,223
Kenosha99,218
Rialto99,171
Portsmouth Heights99,049
Broken Arrow98,850
Spring Hill98,621
Dearborn98,153
Albany97,856
Las Cruces97,618
North Charleston97,471
Lakeland97,422
Boulder97,385
San Mateo97,207
Roanoke97,032
Livonia96,942
Tyler96,900
Lawton96,867
Ventura96,769
Highlands Ranch96,713
Compton96,455
Clovis95,631
Portsmouth95,535
Lewisville95,290
New Bedford95,072
South Gate94,396
College Station93,857
Sandy Springs93,853
The Woodlands93,847
Vista93,834
Brockton93,810
West Albany93,794
Mission Viejo93,305
San Angelo93,200
Yuma93,064
Greeley92,889
Boyle Heights92,785
Vacaville92,428
Kent92,411
Quincy92,271
Arden-Arcade92,186
Davie91,992
Carson91,714
Hillsboro91,611
Lee's Summit91,364
Macon91,351
Pearland91,252
Yakima91,067
Renton90,927
Tuscaloosa90,468
Lynn90,329
Sparks90,264
Hesperia90,173
Redding89,861
Beaverton89,803
Spokane Valley89,755
Santa Monica89,736
Westminster89,701
Sandy Hills89,575
Federal Way89,306
Waukegan89,078
Fall River88,857
Toms River88,791
Santa Barbara88,410
Roswell88,346
Orem88,328
Reading88,082
Miami Beach87,779
Lawrence87,643
Enchanted Hills87,521
Rio Rancho87,521
Sandy City87,461
San Leandro86,869
Canton86,825
Lehigh Acres86,784
Greenburgh86,764
Nashua86,494
Germantown86,395
Longmont86,270
Duluth86,265
Fort Smith86,209
Chico86,187
Norwalk85,603
Whittier85,331
Newport Beach85,186
Deltona85,182

United States Population Clock

What is the population of United States (as of 11/15/2017)?324,938,737
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)324,459,463
Births Per Day2,239
Deaths Per Day1,504
Net Migrations Per Day 2,738
Net Change Per Day 3,473
Population Change Since January 1st1,107,887

United States Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 12.517 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 8.41 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 3.052 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 79.501 years
Male Life Expectancy 77.195 years
Female Life Expectancy 81.802 years
Total Fertility Rate 1.887 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.914 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.048 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 5.374 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 6.305 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.83 years
Rate of Natural Increase 4.134
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 2.974%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 3.796%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 2.112%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 10.642%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 13.081%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 8.125%
Median Age (Total) 37.9 years
Median Age (Female) 39.3 years
Median Age (Male) 36.6 years

United States Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
2017324,459,46349.50%50.50%350.71%
2015319,929,16249.47%50.53%340.72%
2010308,641,39149.39%50.61%330.90%
2005295,129,50149.35%50.65%310.92%
2000281,982,77849.25%50.75%301.20%
1995265,658,84949.13%50.87%281.02%
1990252,529,95049.00%51.00%270.95%
1985240,824,12049.05%50.95%260.94%
1980229,763,05249.03%50.97%250.95%
1975219,205,29649.17%50.83%230.90%
1970209,588,15049.24%50.76%220.96%
1965199,815,54049.44%50.56%211.36%
1960186,808,22849.54%50.46%201.69%
1955171,783,84249.68%50.32%181.58%
1950158,804,39549.89%50.11%170.00%

United States Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
2020331,431,53449.53%50.47%350.00%
2025343,255,84649.58%50.42%370.70%
2030354,711,67049.62%50.38%380.66%
2035365,033,87249.67%50.33%390.58%
2040374,068,75249.75%50.25%400.49%
2045382,058,85349.84%50.16%410.42%
2050389,591,66349.95%50.05%420.39%
2055397,018,03150.04%49.96%420.38%
2060404,562,22550.12%49.88%430.38%
2065412,054,50850.17%49.83%440.37%
2070419,161,63150.21%49.79%450.34%
2075425,493,57150.24%49.76%450.30%
2080430,964,44550.25%49.75%460.26%
2085435,665,82150.26%49.74%460.22%
2090439,872,94750.26%49.74%470.19%
2095443,835,15050.27%49.73%470.18%
Data Sources
  1. US Census Bureau - US Population Clock
  2. World Happiness Report
  3. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  4. GeoNames Gazetteer