United States Population 2017

326,731,015

By population, the United States of America is the third largest country in the world, falling far behind China (1.4 billion) and India (1.25 billion). Its most populous states are California (39 million) and Texas (27 million), and its most populous city is New York City (8.5 million.)

Largest state in the United States

The largest state in the USA by population is California, which is estimated to be home to just over 39 million people. If California was a country, it would be the 36th most populous in the world, slightly larger than Poland. Its economy would be the eighth largest economy in the world, with roughly the same GDP as Italy, a European country of 61 million people. Interestingly, though, although California is the largest state in the United States of America, it isn't the largest state in the Americas - that honor goes to Brazil's state of Sao Paulo.

Largest city in the United States

The largest city in the USA is New York City. The city's population is estimated at an impressive 8.5 million, which makes New York City larger than the second and third most populous cities in the United States (Los Angeles and Chicago) combined.

For much of the early 20th century, New York City was the largest city in the world. The stunning growth of cities elsewhere in the world means that today, New York is the world's 9th largest city, sandwiched between Beijing and Guangfo, both located in China. It is, however, the world's second largest city by GDP - its nominal GDP of $1.55 trillion puts it second only to the Japanese city of Tokyo.

United States Census 2010

The United States census is held once every ten years, to count the number of people in the country to gather basic information, including age, sex, and race. The last census was held in 2010, and the next census will be held in 2020.

The information collected in the census is used for many purposes. The first purpose is to ensure that each seat in Congress represents roughly the same amount of people. National and State governments also use the information to plan services - for example, if they know that the population in an area is growing rapidly, they can plan to build more housing, schools, and hospitals. Every year, the Census Bureau releases annual population estimates. Statistical modelling methods are applied to the most recent census data to give an up-to-date picture of how the population of America changes between censuses.

You can read more about the census at the US Census Bureau website.

United States Population History

Nobody is sure what the population of the Americas was before Columbus arrived in 1492. Estimates vary wildly, but it is commonly accepted that the indigenous population of the Americas (the continents of North and South America combined) was between 50 million and 100 million in the 1490s. That includes approximately 15 million people living in the Aztec Empire and around 6 million Inca. The population of North America at the time is equally uncertain and has been estimated to be between 5 and 15 million.

Indigenous populations were hit hard by the arrival of European settlers. They were attacked by diseases including smallpox, and some historians believe that disease killed over 50% of the population. Even more were killed by wars, massacres, and resettlement programs. The Native American population of the United States reached a low point in the early 20th century but has since been gradually increasing.

Formal censuses were not carried out during the colonial era, but records show that the colonial population grew from a shaky start of just 3,800 in 1610 to over 1 million in 1750. The population grew rapidly moving forward, and when the first official census was held in 1790 shortly after independence, the population had grown to nearly 4 million.

United States Population Projections

The population of the US continues to grow today, driven by a high level of immigration. The latest data from the Census Bureau shows that US population growth is running at 0.9% per year. They estimate that growth will continue fairly steadily over the next four decades, and that the US will reach a population of 400 million in 2039. If their predictions are correct, the US population in 2050 will be around 439 million. The United Nations projects a much lower total, estimating a population of just over 400 million in 2050.

The country's racial profile will be vastly different, and although whites will remain the single largest racial group in the the US, they will no longer be a majority. Growth in the Hispanic and Asian populations is predicted to almost triple over the next 40 years.

The average US citizen of 2050 is likely to be older than the average citizen of today, and almost one in five people will be 65 or older. At the same time, the percentage of people who are working age (18-64) is likely to fall from 63% today to 57% in 2050. This will have huge implications for society as younger people work to fund the pensions and healthcare of the older.

Race and Ethnicity

In the census, respondents are asked to identify their race. The results from the 2010 census were as follows

  • White - 72.4%
  • Black or African American - 12.6%
  • American Indian or Alaska Native 0.9%
  • Asian - 4.8%
  • Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander - 0.2%
  • Two or more races - 2.9%
  • Some other race - 6.2%

This doesn't really tell the whole story, though, as it takes no account of those people who identify themselves as Hispanic. The census makes very clear that it does not consider Hispanic to be a race, but nonetheless it asks people whether they consider themselves to be of "Hispanic, Latino or Spanish origin." In total, 16.7% of people identified themselves as Hispanic - just over 50 million people. People who identified as Hispanic often identified themselves as White or Some Other Race as well, but this is not always the case.

Ancestry

In 2010, the census collected information about ancestry, but this question was removed from the 2010 census. The latest data from 2000 shows that these were the largest ancestral groups in the US:

  • German - 15.2%
  • Irish - 10.8%
  • African American - 8.8%
  • English - 8.7%
  • American - 7.2%
  • Mexican - 6.5%

United States Quality of Life

The average life expectancy of a person born in the United States in 2016 is 78.8 years. As is common in most countries in the world, US women have a higher life expectancy than men - women born in 2016 live for 81.3 years on average, while the life expectancy of men is just 76.3 years.

Compared to the rest of the world, using data compiled by the United Nations, the United States is only 39th in the world when it comes to life expectancy. Interestingly, both the US Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico have higher life expectancies than those born in the continental US. Hawaii is the state with the highest life expectancy (81.3 years on average) and Mississippi is the state with the lowest life expectancy (74.9 years on average).

Although the United States has the largest overall economy in the world, it does not have the highest GDP per capita. With a GDP per capita of $55,800, the United States ranks 19th in the world, falling behind small countries like Luxembourg that have economies based around servicing international finance, as well as trailing major countries such as Australia. Average salary, calculated in 2014, is very similar at $51,939. The state with the highest GDP per capita is North Dakota ($72,719) and the state with the lowest GDP per capita is Mississippi ($34,784.)

Despite having a high GDP per capita and a healthy life expectancy, the United States ranks only 13th in the most recent World Happiness Report.

Language

The language most commonly spoken in the United States is English, which is the main language of 80% of American residents. Spanish is the main language of 12.3% of residents and Chinese is the main language of 2.3%.

Native American languages are the main language of 0.9% of residents. There is a wide variety of different Native American languages, many of which are on the endangered list. The most widely spoken is Southern Quechua, used by around 7 million people.

Although legal documents are normally written in English, the United States has no official lanaguage at the federal level. At the state level most, but not all states have English as their official language. Hawaii is the only state to have two official languages - English and Hawaiian.

Religion

The United States Constitution enshrines the right to religious freedom and prevents the development of an official state religion. The lack of official involvement in religion means that no questions about religion are asked in the census, and as a result, limited and sometimes questionable data is available.

The data on religion in this article and the associated chart is drawn from a 2007 study conducted by the Pew Forum.

It reported that the vast majority of Americans are believers in a single religion. According to a 2007 survey, 78% of respondents identified themselves as Christians. Just over half (51.3%) of all Americans are Protestants, and almost a quarter (23.9%) are Catholic. Other Christian denominations make up 3.3% of the population.

Jews (1.7%), Buddhists (0.7%) and Muslims (0.6%) are the next largest religious groups in the United States and 16.1% of Americans declared themselves to have no religion.

United States Population in 2017Source: Dschwen

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

United States Population Growth

High levels of immigration combined with a healthy birth rate mean that, in contrast to many other developed countries, the US population continues to grow at a steady rate, increasing at around 0.9% each year.

About United States

Official NameUnited States of America
Languages SpokenEnglish
BordersCAN, MEX
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude38-97
Currencies UsedUSDUSNUSS

United States Population Density

Name Population
Deltona85,182
Newport Beach85,186
Whittier85,331
Norwalk85,603
Chico86,187
Fort Smith86,209
Duluth86,265
Longmont86,270
Germantown86,395
Nashua86,494
Greenburgh86,764
Lehigh Acres86,784
Canton86,825
San Leandro86,869
Sandy City87,461
Rio Rancho87,521
Enchanted Hills87,521
Lawrence87,643
Miami Beach87,779
Reading88,082
Orem88,328
Roswell88,346
Santa Barbara88,410
Toms River88,791
Fall River88,857
Waukegan89,078
Federal Way89,306
Sandy Hills89,575
Westminster89,701
Santa Monica89,736
Spokane Valley89,755
Beaverton89,803
Redding89,861
Hesperia90,173
Sparks90,264
Lynn90,329
Tuscaloosa90,468
Renton90,927
Yakima91,067
Pearland91,252
Macon91,351
Lee's Summit91,364
Hillsboro91,611
Carson91,714
Davie91,992
Arden-Arcade92,186
Quincy92,271
Kent92,411
Vacaville92,428
Boyle Heights92,785
Greeley92,889
Yuma93,064
San Angelo93,200
Mission Viejo93,305
West Albany93,794
Brockton93,810
Vista93,834
The Woodlands93,847
Sandy Springs93,853
College Station93,857
South Gate94,396
New Bedford95,072
Lewisville95,290
Portsmouth95,535
Clovis95,631
Compton96,455
Highlands Ranch96,713
Ventura96,769
Lawton96,867
Tyler96,900
Livonia96,942
Roanoke97,032
San Mateo97,207
Boulder97,385
Lakeland97,422
North Charleston97,471
Las Cruces97,618
Albany97,856
Dearborn98,153
Spring Hill98,621
Broken Arrow98,850
Portsmouth Heights99,049
Rialto99,171
Kenosha99,218
Richardson99,223
El Cajon99,478
Santa Maria99,553
Columbia99,615
Davenport99,685
Clinton99,753
Pompano Beach99,845
Round Rock99,887
West Palm Beach99,919
Odessa99,940
Temecula100,097
Centennial100,377
Daly City101,123
South Bend101,168
Erie101,786
Antioch102,372
Flint102,434
Edison102,548
Everett103,019
Palm Bay103,190
Burbank103,340
Murrieta103,466
Brandon103,483
Richmond103,701
West Jordan103,712
Green Bay104,057
Billings104,170
High Point104,371
Wichita Falls104,553
Universal City105,000
Cambridge105,162
Fairfield105,321
Carlsbad105,328
Norwalk105,549
Fargo105,549
Gresham105,594
West Covina106,098
Westminster106,114
Arvada106,433
Wilmington106,476
Lowell106,519
Pueblo106,595
Rochester106,769
Miami Gardens107,167
Clearwater107,685
Elgin108,188
Enterprise108,481
Columbia108,500
Murfreesboro108,755
Manchester109,565
Inglewood109,673
Costa Mesa109,960
Waterbury110,366
East Independence110,675
Norman110,925
Midland111,147
Downey111,772
Provo112,488
Berkeley112,580
North Peoria113,004
Denton113,383
El Monte113,475
Ann Arbor113,934
Lansing114,297
Peoria115,007
Victorville115,903
Vallejo115,942
Springfield116,250
Santa Clara116,468
Athens116,714
Independence116,830
Frisco116,989
Abilene117,063
Evansville117,429
Surprise117,517
Allentown118,032
Beaumont118,296
Thornton118,772
Roseville118,788
Carrollton119,097
Charleston120,083
Lafayette120,623
Coral Springs121,096
North Stamford121,230
Miramar122,041
Concord122,067
Bellevue122,363
Amherst122,366
Stamford122,643
Simi Valley124,237
Gainesville124,354
Visalia124,442
Hartford124,775
Waco124,805
Elizabeth124,969
Olathe125,872
Cedar Rapids126,326
East Los Angeles126,496
Thousand Oaks126,683
Topeka127,473
Killeen127,921
Columbia129,272
West Valley City129,480
Sterling Heights129,699
New Haven129,779
McAllen129,877
McKinney131,117
Clarksville132,929
Warren134,056
Fullerton135,161
Cary135,234
Savannah136,286
Orange136,416
Van Nuys136,443
Pasadena137,122
Hampton137,436
Metairie138,481
Mesquite139,824
Alexandria139,966
Sunnyvale140,081
Hollywood140,768
Dayton141,527
Naperville141,853
Metairie Terrace142,489
Lakewood142,980
Escondido143,911
Fort Collins143,986
Hayward144,186
Bridgeport144,229
Syracuse145,170
Torrance145,438
Kansas City145,786
Boise145,987
Paterson146,199
Joliet147,433
East Hampton147,993
Valencia148,456
Pasadena149,043
Pomona149,058
Salinas150,441
Corona152,374
Palmdale152,750
Rockford152,871
Elk Grove153,015
Springfield153,060
Sioux Falls153,888
East Chattanooga154,024
Peoria154,065
Cape Coral154,305
Salem154,637
Pembroke Pines154,750
Eugene156,185
Lancaster156,633
Tempe Junction158,368
Springfield159,498
Tempe161,719
Vancouver161,791
Ontario163,924
Port Saint Lucie164,603
Rancho Cucamonga165,269
Fort Lauderdale165,521
Oceanside167,086
Hollywood167,664
Chattanooga167,674
Santa Rosa167,815
Garden Grove170,883
East New York173,198
Overland Park173,372
Jackson173,514
Brownsville175,023
Grand Prairie175,396
Santa Clarita176,320
Providence178,042
Spring Valley178,395
Knoxville178,874
Huntsville180,105
Newport News180,719
Worcester181,045
Tallahassee181,376
Salt Lake City186,440
Oxnard Shores187,235
Grand Rapids188,040
Sunrise Manor189,372
Columbus189,885
Huntington Beach189,992
Amarillo190,695
Glendale191,719
Moreno Valley193,365
Little Rock193,524
Mobile195,111
Yonkers195,976
Fontana196,069
Aurora197,899
Oxnard197,899
Tacoma198,397
Akron199,110
Shreveport199,311
Fayetteville200,564
Modesto201,165
North Glendale203,201
Des Moines203,433
Richmond204,214
Montgomery205,764
Arlington207,627
Gilbert208,453
Spokane208,916
San Bernardino209,924
Rochester210,565
Birmingham212,237
Fremont214,089
Jamaica216,866
North Las Vegas216,961
Scottsdale217,385
Chesapeake222,209
Paradise223,167
Hialeah224,669
Reno225,221
Lexington225,366
Glendale226,721
Garland226,876
Durham228,330
Baton Rouge229,493
Lubbock229,573
Winston-Salem229,617
Madison233,209
Laredo236,091
Chandler236,123
Orlando238,300
Norfolk242,803
Louisville243,639
Chula Vista243,916
St. Petersburg244,769
Jersey City247,597
Fort Wayne253,691
Henderson257,729
Lincoln258,379
Plano259,841
Buffalo261,310
Greensboro269,666
Newark277,140
Saint Paul285,068
Toledo287,208
Ironville288,649
Meads288,649
Stockton291,707
Anchorage291,826
Lexington-Fayette295,803
Cincinnati296,943
Riverside303,871
Corpus Christi305,215
Pittsburgh305,704
St. Louis319,294
Santa Ana324,528
Aurora325,078
Tampa335,709
Anaheim336,265
West Raleigh338,759
New Orleans343,829
Bakersfield347,483
Arlington365,438
Honolulu371,657
Wichita382,368
Minneapolis382,578
Oakland390,724
Tulsa391,906
Cleveland396,815
Miami399,457
Raleigh403,892
Omaha408,958
Colorado Springs416,427
Atlanta420,003
Virginia Beach437,994
Mesa439,041
Kansas City459,787
Long Beach462,257
Sacramento466,488
Staten Island468,730
Fresno494,665
Tucson520,116
Nashville530,852
Albuquerque545,852
South Boston571,281
Oklahoma City579,999
Las Vegas583,756
Portland583,776
Milwaukee594,833
Denver600,158
Washington, D.C.601,723
Seattle608,660
Boston617,594
Baltimore620,961
New South Memphis641,608
Memphis646,889
El Paso649,121
Detroit713,777
Charlotte731,424
Fort Worth741,206
Columbus787,033
Austin790,390
San Francisco805,235
Jacksonville821,784
Indianapolis829,718
San Jose945,942
Dallas1,197,816
San Diego1,307,402
San Antonio1,327,407
The Bronx1,385,108
Phoenix1,445,632
Manhattan1,487,536
Philadelphia1,526,006
Houston2,099,451
Borough of Queens2,272,771
Brooklyn2,300,664
Chicago2,695,598
Los Angeles3,792,621
New York City8,175,133

United States Population Clock

What is the population of United States (as of September 13, 2017)?326,731,015
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)326474013
Births Per Day2,239
Deaths Per Day1,504
Net Migrations Per Day 2,738
Net Change Per Day 3,473
Population Change Since January 1st885,615

United States Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 12.517 births/thousand145
Crude Death Rate 8.41 deaths/thousand72
Crude Net Migration Rate 3.052 people/thousand24
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 79.501 years45
Male Life Expectancy 77.195 years45
Female Life Expectancy 81.802 years46
Total Fertility Rate 1.887 children/woman135
Net Reproduction Rate 0.914 surviving daughters/woman130
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.048 males per female135
Infant Mortality Rate 5.374 deaths/1,000 live births154
Under Five Mortality 6.305 deaths/thousand154
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.83 years77
Rate of Natural Increase 4.134 147
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 2.974 %62
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 3.796 %63
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 2.112 %64
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 10.642 %63
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 13.081 %57
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 8.125 %68
Crude Suicide Rate 13.7 suicides/thousand40
Median Age (Total) 37.9 years58
Median Age (Female) 39.3 years57
Median Age (Male) 36.6 years57

United States Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2017326,474,01349.581%50.419%351740.72%3
2015321,773,63149.567%50.433%351710.73%3
2010309,876,17049.469%50.531%331710.81%3
2005296,139,63549.428%50.572%321700.91%3
2000282,895,74149.332%50.668%301691.02%3
1995266,275,52849.183%50.817%291651.2%3
1990252,847,81049.033%50.967%271630.99%3
1985240,691,55749.017%50.983%261620.97%3
1980229,588,20849.007%50.993%251550.94%3
1975218,963,56149.159%50.841%231520.92%3
1970209,485,80749.236%50.764%221490.89%3
1965199,403,53249.445%50.555%211461.11%3
1960186,176,52349.588%50.412%201411.55%3
1955170,796,37849.726%50.274%181381.79%3
1950157,813,04049.952%50.048%171371.3%3

United States Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020333,545,53049.58%50.42%361740.7%3
2025345,084,55149.578%50.422%371750.64%3
2030355,764,96749.574%50.426%381750.56%3
2035365,266,22049.583%50.417%391750.48%3
2040373,766,65349.623%50.377%401760.43%3
2045381,474,29749.689%50.311%411780.39%3
2050388,864,74749.775%50.225%421790.37%4
2055396,124,99649.86%50.14%431800.37%4
2060403,503,68449.939%50.061%441790.37%4
2065410,895,01650%50%441800.35%4
2070418,014,33250.041%49.959%451800.33%4
2075424,632,25850.067%49.933%461770.29%4
2080430,627,81850.081%49.919%471760.26%4
2085436,078,27350.092%49.908%471750.24%4
2090441,153,98450.105%49.895%481730.22%4
2095445,928,52350.119%49.881%481710.21%4
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations
  2. US Census Bureau - US Population Clock
  3. World Happiness Report