Uzbekistan Population 2018

32,444,228

The population of Uzbekistan in 2018 is 32.36 million, up from 29,559,100 in 2013 and 29,123,400 in 2011.

This figure is an estimate of the figures for 1 January 2014, and is provided by stat.uz, the country’s official statistical body. Their data is based on sampling 10% of the population, rather than undertaking a traditional census - the last full census to cover Uzbekistan was the 1989 Soviet Census.

Other estimates of Uzbekistan’s population are available, notably from the CIA World Factbook. It estimated that Uzbekistan’s population in July 2011 was 28,394,180 - 700,000 lower than the official Government estimate.

Population Growth in Uzbekistan

Regardless of which source you trust more to tell you how many people live in Uzbekistan, it is clearly a fairly rapidly growing country. The population has increased fairly steadily over the past 60 years, from around 6 million in the 1950s to almost 30 million today.

The rate of growth has slowed somewhat over time - from around 3.5% per year in the 1960s down to around 1.5% per year today - but if current growth rates continue, Uzbekistan will top 30 million people for the first time in 2016, and by 2020 will be home to around 33 million.

Key Uzbekistan Demographic Data

  • Population: 29,559,100
  • Global Rank: 44th
  • Largest City: Tashkent (pop: 2.2 million)
  • Growth Rate: 0.94%
  • Life Expectancy: 72.77 years
  • GDP per Capita: $3,300

Largest Cities in Uzbekistan

The largest city in Uzbekistan is Taskent, the capital city. The latest avialable estimate - from 2009 - showed the Tashkent population to be 2.2 million, an increase of more than 700,000 since independence in 1991. Unofficial estimates place the city’s population much higher, though - some argue that it is actually home to 4 million people, many of whom have not got proper registration papers and are reluctant to respond to official surveys.

Other major cities in Uzbekistan are Namangan (pop: around 415,000), Samarkand (pop: around 364,000) and Andijan (pop: around 323,900).

You can see from the map above (it’s a worldmapper map that shows a slightly distorted image based on population density) that the Uzbekistan population is most dense in the east of the country, around its major cities.

Uzbekistan Demographics

The latest data available data on ethnicity in Uzbekistan is from 1996. It showed the following major ethnic groups in Uzbekistan: Uzbek (80%), Russian (5.5%), Tajik (3%), Karakalpak (2.5%), Tartar (1.5%), Other 2.5%). There is some dispute about these figures, however, and it is possible that the number of Tajiks in Uzbekistan is considerably higher.

Although not a large enough group to make the above list, there are also around 20,000 ethnic Koreans in Uzbekistan, descendants of the Koreans deported to Central Asia by Stalin.

The main religion in Uzbekistan is Islam. Official figures are not available, but according to the US State Department, 88% of Uzbeks are Muslims and 9% are Orthodox Christians.

Again, official figures are not available, but the US State Department (see link above) reports that the Uzbek language is the first language of 74.3% of Uzbeks, followed by Russian (14.2%) and Tajik (4.4%).

Uzbek is the official state language, but Russian remains widely spoken and is a second language for many in the country. Tajik language speakers are concentrated in ethnically Tajik areas, particularly in Samarkand and Bukhara.

Uzbekistan compared to its neighbours

Uzbekistan's population of 29,503,645 makes it the 45th largest country in the world and the third largest of the former Soviet states - behind Russia (142 million) and Ukraine (45 million).

It is the largest country in Central Asia, comprising over 40% of the region's overall population. Other countries in the region are: Kazakhstan (pop: 16.6 million), Kyrgyzstan (pop: 5.6 million), Tajikistan (pop: 8.4 million) and Turkmenistan (pop: 5.3 million).

Components of Population Change

One birth every 49 seconds
One death every 3 minutes
One net migrant every 60 minutes
Net gain of one person every 1 minutes

Uzbekistan Population in 2018Source: By Carpodacus [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

About Uzbekistan

Official NameRepublic of Uzbekistan
Languages SpokenRussian, Uzbek
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude4164
Currencies UsedUzbekistan Som
DemonymUzbekistani

Uzbekistan Population Density

Uzbekistan Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Tashkent1,978,028
Namangan432,456
Samarqand319,366
Andijon318,419
Bukhara247,644
Nukus230,006
Qarshi222,898
Qo`qon187,477
Chirchiq167,842
Fergana164,322
Jizzax152,642
Urganch150,110
Tirmiz140,385
Marg`ilon133,490
Navoiy129,725
Angren126,957
Olmaliq121,207
Bekobod86,259
Denov68,994
Chust64,966

Uzbekistan Population Clock

The population of Uzbekistan (as of 9/2/2018)?32,444,228
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)32,364,996
Births Per Day1,779
Deaths Per Day517
Net Migrations Per Day -24
Net Change Per Day 1,238
Population Change Since January 1st303,310

Uzbekistan Population Estimator

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Estimate as of September 2nd 2018 is: 32,441,351

Uzbekistan Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201832,364,99649.86%50.14%72.34441.42%
201731,910,64149.85%50.15%71.32441.48%
201631,446,79549.84%50.16%70.29441.52%
201530,976,02149.82%50.18%69.24441.60%
201028,606,29449.74%50.26%63.94431.53%
200526,512,18449.69%50.31%59.26421.30%
200024,848,92049.73%50.27%55.54391.68%
199522,863,26449.73%50.27%51.10402.24%
199020,462,46349.47%50.53%45.74392.47%
198518,108,30049.35%50.65%40.47412.58%
198015,939,74449.14%50.86%35.63412.79%
197513,892,63848.90%51.10%31.05412.78%
197012,110,02848.64%51.36%27.07443.61%
196510,143,74048.34%51.66%22.67463.48%
19608,549,49348.03%51.97%19.11503.22%
19557,297,29647.85%52.15%16.31533.10%
19506,264,05647.80%52.20%14.00560.00%

Uzbekistan Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202033,235,82549.87%50.13%74.29430.00%
202535,146,61749.87%50.13%78.56441.12%
203036,712,26749.83%50.17%82.06480.88%
203538,059,26249.77%50.23%85.07500.72%
204039,246,46549.73%50.27%87.72510.62%
204540,238,33749.69%50.31%89.94510.50%
205040,950,36649.65%50.35%91.53550.35%
205541,358,19649.61%50.39%92.44550.20%
206041,497,99549.58%50.42%92.75560.07%
206541,434,39149.55%50.45%92.6157-0.03%
207041,220,56849.55%50.45%92.1357-0.10%
207540,881,55649.57%50.43%91.3857-0.17%
208040,442,42649.64%50.36%90.3959-0.22%
208539,929,67849.72%50.28%89.2559-0.25%
209039,366,92549.82%50.18%87.9963-0.28%
209538,770,74249.91%50.09%86.6663-0.30%
Data Sources
  1. State Dept of Statistics
  2. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1989 census, with official population estimates through 2014, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer