Uzbekistan Population 2016
The population of Uzbekistan in 2014 is 29,324,920, up from 29,559,100 in 2013 and 29,123,400 in 2011.
This figure is an estimate of the figures for 1 January 2014, and is provided by stat.uz, the country’s official statistical body. Their data is based on sampling 10% of the population, rather than undertaking a traditional census - the last full census to cover Uzbekistan was the 1989 Soviet Census.
Other estimates of Uzbekistan’s population are available, notably from the CIA World Factbook. It estimated that Uzbekistan’s population in July 2011 was 28,394,180 - 700,000 lower than the official Government estimate.
Population Growth in Uzbekistan
Regardless of which source you trust more to tell you how many people live in Uzbekistan, it is clearly a fairly rapidly growing country. The population has increased fairly steadily over the past 60 years, from around 6 million in the 1950s to almost 30 million today.
The rate of growth has slowed somewhat over time - from around 3.5% per year in the 1960s down to around 1.5% per year today - but if current growth rates continue, Uzbekistan will top 30 million people for the first time in 2016, and by 2020 will be home to around 33 million.
Key Uzbekistan Demographic Data
- Population: 29,559,100
- Global Rank: 44th
- Largest City: Tashkent (pop: 2.2 million)
- Growth Rate: 0.94%
- Life Expectancy: 72.77 years
- GDP per Capita: $3,300
Largest Cities in Uzbekistan
The largest city in Uzbekistan is Taskent, the capital city. The latest avialable estimate - from 2009 - showed the Tashkent population to be 2.2 million, an increase of more than 700,000 since independence in 1991. Unofficial estimates place the city’s population much higher, though - some argue that it is actually home to 4 million people, many of whom have not got proper registration papers and are reluctant to respond to official surveys.
Other major cities in Uzbekistan are Namangan (pop: around 415,000), Samarkand (pop: around 364,000) and Andijan (pop: around 323,900).
You can see from the map above (it’s a worldmapper map that shows a slightly distorted image based on population density) that the Uzbekistan population is most dense in the east of the country, around its major cities.
The latest data available data on ethnicity in Uzbekistan is from 1996. It showed the following major ethnic groups in Uzbekistan: Uzbek (80%), Russian (5.5%), Tajik (3%), Karakalpak (2.5%), Tartar (1.5%), Other 2.5%). There is some dispute about these figures, however, and it is possible that the number of Tajiks in Uzbekistan is considerably higher.
Although not a large enough group to make the above list, there are also around 20,000 ethnic Koreans in Uzbekistan, descendants of the Koreans deported to Central Asia by Stalin.
The main religion in Uzbekistan is Islam. Official figures are not available, but according to the US State Department, 88% of Uzbeks are Muslims and 9% are Orthodox Christians.
Again, official figures are not available, but the US State Department (see link above) reports that the Uzbek language is the first language of 74.3% of Uzbeks, followed by Russian (14.2%) and Tajik (4.4%).
Uzbek is the official state language, but Russian remains widely spoken and is a second language for many in the country. Tajik language speakers are concentrated in ethnically Tajik areas, particularly in Samarkand and Bukhara.
Uzbekistan compared to its neighbours
Uzbekistan's population of 29,503,645 makes it the 45th largest country in the world and the third largest of the former Soviet states - behind Russia (142 million) and Ukraine (45 million).
It is the largest country in Central Asia, comprising over 40% of the region's overall population. Other countries in the region are: Kazakhstan (pop: 16.6 million), Kyrgyzstan (pop: 5.6 million), Tajikistan (pop: 8.4 million) and Turkmenistan (pop: 5.3 million).