Vanuatu Population 2017

276,658

Vanuatu, officially the Republic of Vanuatu, is an island nation in the South Pacific Ocean. Vanuatu is comprised of an archipelago about 1,090 miles east of northern Australia and west of Fiji. The estimated 2017 population of Vanuatu is 276,244.

Vanuatu has an estimated population of 276,244, up from the 2009 census figure of 243,000. The country is not densely populated, with 20 people per square kilometer (51/sq mi), which ranks 188th in the world.

Most of the population of Vanuatu is rural, although Port Vila and Luganville have sizable populations. Port Vila is the largest city and capital with a population of 45,000, accounting for 19% of the country's total population.

Vanuatu Demographics

The first inhabitants of Vanuatu were the Melanesian people. Europeans first visited the island through a Spanish expedition in 1605, claiming the archipelago for Spain. France and the United Kingdom claimed parts of the country in the 1880s and it was jointly managed in 1906. Vanuatu gained independence from France and the United Kingdom in 1980.

The inhabitants of Vanuatu are known as Ni-Vanuatu. 98.5% of the population are of Melanesian descent, with the rest comprised of a mix of Europeans, Asians and other Pacific Islanders. Three of the islands of Vanuatu were historically Polynesian.

There are also about 2,000 Ni-Vanuatu working and living in New Caledonia, about 300 miles away. Nearly 90% of the population fishes and eats fish, which has caused a great deal of pressure near villages as shore species are depleted.

Vanuatu Population in 2018Source: Phillip Capper from Wellington, New Zealand

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Vanuatu Population Growth

Vanuatu is currently growing at a rate of 2.4% per year. The country has a fertility rate of 3.82 births per woman, which has declined over the last sixty years but remains high. The life expectancy is 71 years.

About Vanuatu

Official NameRepublic of Vanuatu
Languages SpokenFrench, Bislama, English
Borders
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude-16167
Currencies UsedVUV

Vanuatu Population Density

Name Population
Port-Vila35,901
Luganville13,397
Isangel1,437
Sola1,171
Lakatoro705
Saratamata

Vanuatu Population Clock

What is the population of Vanuatu (as of 11/15/2017)?276,658
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)276,244
Births Per Day4
Deaths Per Day1
Net Migrations Per Day
Net Change Per Day 3
Population Change Since January 1st957

Vanuatu Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 25.506 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 4.69 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 0.432 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 72.572 years
Male Life Expectancy 70.574 years
Female Life Expectancy 74.754 years
Total Fertility Rate 3.235 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.506 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.065 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 20.805 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 24.487 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.264 years
Rate of Natural Increase 20.644
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 5.227%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 6.033%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 4.384%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 14.801%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 17.469%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 12.116%
Median Age (Total) 21.7 years
Median Age (Female) 22.1 years
Median Age (Male) 21.3 years

Vanuatu Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
2017276,24450.60%49.40%232.18%
2015264,60350.64%49.36%222.29%
2010236,29550.77%49.24%192.45%
2005209,37051.01%48.99%172.50%
2000185,06351.14%48.86%151.92%
1995168,23551.30%48.70%142.79%
1990146,63451.43%48.57%122.43%
1985130,02752.06%47.95%112.37%
1980115,63252.79%47.21%92.97%
197599,87252.98%47.03%83.18%
197085,38952.93%47.07%72.82%
196574,28951.41%48.58%63.12%
196063,69951.61%48.39%53.01%
195554,92451.87%48.13%52.86%
195047,69752.25%47.75%40.00%

Vanuatu Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
2020293,93450.54%49.46%240.00%
2025323,76650.44%49.56%271.95%
2030353,97450.34%49.66%291.80%
2035384,53550.25%49.75%321.67%
2040415,08150.19%49.81%341.54%
2045445,24250.14%49.86%371.41%
2050474,59350.10%49.90%391.28%
2055502,79250.08%49.92%411.16%
2060529,61550.07%49.93%431.04%
2065554,79350.06%49.94%460.93%
2070578,20450.07%49.93%470.83%
2075599,61650.11%49.89%490.73%
2080618,99050.16%49.84%510.64%
2085636,29450.21%49.79%520.55%
2090651,43250.27%49.73%530.47%
2095664,24950.31%49.69%540.39%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer