Vanuatu Population 2018

279,687

Vanuatu, officially the Republic of Vanuatu, is an island nation in the South Pacific Ocean. Vanuatu is comprised of an archipelago about 1,090 miles east of northern Australia and west of Fiji. The estimated 2018 population of Vanuatu is 282,117.

Vanuatu has an estimated population of 282,117, up from the 2009 census figure of 243,000. The country is not densely populated, with 20 people per square kilometer (51/sq mi), which ranks 188th in the world.

Most of the population of Vanuatu is rural, although Port Vila and Luganville have sizable populations. Port Vila is the largest city and capital with a population of 45,000, accounting for 19% of the country's total population.

Vanuatu Demographics

The first inhabitants of Vanuatu were the Melanesian people. Europeans first visited the island through a Spanish expedition in 1605, claiming the archipelago for Spain. France and the United Kingdom claimed parts of the country in the 1880s and it was jointly managed in 1906. Vanuatu gained independence from France and the United Kingdom in 1980.

The inhabitants of Vanuatu are known as Ni-Vanuatu. 98.5% of the population are of Melanesian descent, with the rest comprised of a mix of Europeans, Asians and other Pacific Islanders. Three of the islands of Vanuatu were historically Polynesian.

There are also about 2,000 Ni-Vanuatu working and living in New Caledonia, about 300 miles away. Nearly 90% of the population fishes and eats fish, which has caused a great deal of pressure near villages as shore species are depleted.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 76 minutes
One death every 360 minutes
One net migrant every Infinity minutes
Net gain of one person every 96 minutes

Vanuatu Population in 2018Source: Phillip Capper from Wellington, New Zealand

Vanuatu Population Pyramid 2018

0k1k2k3k4kVanuatu Male Population0k1k2k3k4kVanuatu Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Vanuatu Median Age

21.7


Total

21.3


Male

22.1


Female

Vanuatu Population by Age

There are 161,017 adults in Vanuatu.

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Vanuatu Population Growth

Vanuatu is currently growing at a rate of 2.4% per year. The country has a fertility rate of 3.82 births per woman, which has declined over the last sixty years but remains high. The life expectancy is 71 years.

About Vanuatu

Official NameRepublic of Vanuatu
Languages SpokenBislama, English, French
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude-16167
Currencies UsedVanuatu Vatu
DemonymNi-Vanuatu

Countries Bordering Vanuatu

None

Vanuatu Population Density

Vanuatu Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Port-Vila35,901
Luganville13,397
Isangel1,437
Sola1,171
Lakatoro705
Saratamata

Vanuatu Population Clock

The population of Vanuatu (as of 1/20/2018)?279,687
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)282,117
Births Per Day19
Deaths Per Day4
Net Migrations Per Day
Net Change Per Day 15
Population Change Since January 1st285

Vanuatu Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 25.354 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 4.777 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 0.433 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 72.42 years
Male Life Expectancy 70.3 years
Female Life Expectancy 74.75 years
Total Fertility Rate 3.222 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.507 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.065 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 21.302 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 25.15 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.283 years
Rate of Natural Increase 20.577

Vanuatu Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
2018282,11750.58%49.42%23.151842.16%
2015264,60350.64%49.36%21.711852.29%
2010236,29550.77%49.24%19.391842.45%
2005209,37051.01%48.99%17.181842.50%
2000185,06351.14%48.86%15.181841.92%
1995168,23551.30%48.70%13.801852.79%
1990146,63451.43%48.57%12.031862.43%
1985130,02752.06%47.95%10.671872.37%
1980115,63252.79%47.21%9.491882.97%
197599,87252.98%47.03%8.191873.18%
197085,38952.93%47.07%7.011892.82%
196574,28951.41%48.58%6.091903.12%
196063,69951.61%48.39%5.231903.01%
195554,92451.87%48.13%4.511912.86%
195047,69752.25%47.75%3.911920.00%

Vanuatu Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
2020293,93450.54%49.46%24.111820.00%
2025323,76650.44%49.56%26.561821.95%
2030353,97450.34%49.66%29.041821.80%
2035384,53550.25%49.75%31.551801.67%
2040415,08150.19%49.81%34.051811.54%
2045445,24250.14%49.86%36.531791.41%
2050474,59350.10%49.90%38.941791.28%
2055502,79250.08%49.92%41.251781.16%
2060529,61550.07%49.93%43.451781.04%
2065554,79350.06%49.94%45.521760.93%
2070578,20450.07%49.93%47.441750.83%
2075599,61650.11%49.89%49.191750.73%
2080618,99050.16%49.84%50.781750.64%
2085636,29450.21%49.79%52.201740.55%
2090651,43250.27%49.73%53.441730.47%
2095664,24950.31%49.69%54.501730.39%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer