Vanuatu Population 2017

[[getCurrentPopulation()]]

Vanuatu has an estimated population of 257,000, up from the 2009 census figure of 243,000. The country is not densely populated, with 20 people per square kilometer (51/sq mi), which ranks 188th in the world.

Most of the population of Vanuatu is rural, although Port Vila and Luganville have sizable populations. Port Vila is the largest city and capital with a population of 45,000, accounting for 19% of the country's total population.

Vanuatu Demographics

The first inhabitants of Vanuatu were the Melanesian people. Europeans first visited the island through a Spanish expedition in 1605, claiming the archipelago for Spain. France and the United Kingdom claimed parts of the country in the 1880s and it was jointly managed in 1906. Vanuatu gained independence from France and the United Kingdom in 1980.

The inhabitants of Vanuatu are known as Ni-Vanuatu. 98.5% of the population are of Melanesian descent, with the rest comprised of a mix of Europeans, Asians and other Pacific Islanders. Three of the islands of Vanuatu were historically Polynesian.

There are also about 2,000 Ni-Vanuatu working and living in New Caledonia, about 300 miles away. Nearly 90% of the population fishes and eats fish, which has caused a great deal of pressure near villages as shore species are depleted.

Vanuatu Population in 2017 Source: Phillip Capper from Wellington, New Zealand

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Vanuatu Population Growth

Vanuatu is currently growing at a rate of 2.4% per year. The country has a fertility rate of 3.82 births per woman, which has declined over the last sixty years but remains high. The life expectancy is 71 years.

Vanuatu Population Density

About Vanuatu

Official Name Republic of Vanuatu
Languages Spoken French, Bislama, English
Borders
Is Landlocked No
Latitude/Longitude -16,167
Currencies Used VUV

Vanuatu Population Clock

What is the population of Vanuatu (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 4
Deaths Per Day 1
Net Migrations Per Day
Net Change Per Day 3
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Vanuatu Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 25.506 births/thousand 57th
Crude Death Rate 4.69 deaths/thousand 187th
Crude Net Migration Rate 0.432 people/thousand 59th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 72.572 years 114th
Life Expectancy (Male) 70.574 years 109th
Life Expectancy (Female) 74.754 years 123rd
Total Fertility Rate 3.235 children/woman 57th
Net Reproduction Rate 1.506 surviving daughters/woman 56th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.065 males per female 18th
Infant Mortality Rate 20.805 deaths/1,000 live births 80th
Under Five Mortality 24.487 deaths/thousand 82nd
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.264 years 94th
Rate of Natural Increase 20.644 51st
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 5.227% 98th
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 6.033% 94th
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 4.384% 114th
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 14.801% 98th
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 17.469% 94th
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 12.116% 114th
Crude Suicide Rate 0 suicides/thousand 0th
Median Age (Total) 21.7 years 169th
Median Age (Female) 22.1 years 170th
Median Age (Male) 21.3 years 169th

Vanuatu Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2017 276,330 50.613% 49.387% 22 188 2.11% 184
2015 264,652 50.653% 49.347% 21 187 2.17% 184
2010 236,299 50.767% 49.233% 19 187 2.33% 184
2005 209,375 51.008% 48.992% 17 188 2.48% 184
2000 185,058 51.142% 48.858% 15 188 2.26% 184
1995 168,236 51.299% 48.701% 13 188 2.1% 185
1990 146,632 51.429% 48.572% 12 188 2.79% 186
1985 130,027 52.052% 47.949% 10 191 2.29% 186
1980 115,634 52.792% 47.208% 9 191 2.51% 187
1975 99,878 52.977% 47.024% 8 190 3.1% 186
1970 85,387 52.93% 47.072% 7 189 3.04% 188
1965 74,286 51.411% 48.591% 6 189 2.82% 189
1960 63,701 51.61% 48.39% 5 190 3.1% 189
1955 54,924 51.883% 48.117% 4 191 2.94% 190
1950 47,695 52.244% 47.756% 3 192 2.53% 191

Vanuatu Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 294,092 50.554% 49.446% 24 187 2% 183
2025 324,020 50.467% 49.533% 26 186 1.85% 182
2030 354,337 50.388% 49.612% 29 182 1.71% 182
2035 384,991 50.319% 49.681% 31 184 1.59% 181
2040 415,736 50.272% 49.728% 34 184 1.46% 181
2045 446,090 50.244% 49.756% 36 185 1.33% 180
2050 475,657 50.234% 49.766% 39 183 1.21% 180
2055 504,148 50.239% 49.761% 41 181 1.09% 177
2060 531,146 50.255% 49.745% 43 181 0.98% 177
2065 556,572 50.28% 49.72% 45 178 0.87% 175
2070 580,185 50.326% 49.674% 47 175 0.77% 175
2075 601,830 50.392% 49.608% 49 172 0.68% 174
2080 621,470 50.474% 49.526% 50 170 0.59% 174
2085 638,891 50.557% 49.444% 52 167 0.5% 174
2090 653,990 50.623% 49.377% 53 167 0.42% 173
2095 666,675 50.678% 49.322% 54 165 0.34% 173
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations