Vanuatu Population 2017

276,552

Vanuatu has an estimated population of 257,000, up from the 2009 census figure of 243,000. The country is not densely populated, with 20 people per square kilometer (51/sq mi), which ranks 188th in the world.

Most of the population of Vanuatu is rural, although Port Vila and Luganville have sizable populations. Port Vila is the largest city and capital with a population of 45,000, accounting for 19% of the country's total population.

Vanuatu Demographics

The first inhabitants of Vanuatu were the Melanesian people. Europeans first visited the island through a Spanish expedition in 1605, claiming the archipelago for Spain. France and the United Kingdom claimed parts of the country in the 1880s and it was jointly managed in 1906. Vanuatu gained independence from France and the United Kingdom in 1980.

The inhabitants of Vanuatu are known as Ni-Vanuatu. 98.5% of the population are of Melanesian descent, with the rest comprised of a mix of Europeans, Asians and other Pacific Islanders. Three of the islands of Vanuatu were historically Polynesian.

There are also about 2,000 Ni-Vanuatu working and living in New Caledonia, about 300 miles away. Nearly 90% of the population fishes and eats fish, which has caused a great deal of pressure near villages as shore species are depleted.

Vanuatu Population in 2017Source: Phillip Capper from Wellington, New Zealand

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Vanuatu Population Growth

Vanuatu is currently growing at a rate of 2.4% per year. The country has a fertility rate of 3.82 births per woman, which has declined over the last sixty years but remains high. The life expectancy is 71 years.

About Vanuatu

Official NameRepublic of Vanuatu
Languages SpokenBislama, English, French
Borders
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude-16167
Currencies UsedVUV

Vanuatu Population Density

Name Population
Saratamata
Lakatoro705
Sola1,171
Isangel1,437
Luganville13,397
Port-Vila35,901

Vanuatu Population Clock

What is the population of Vanuatu (as of September 13, 2017)?276,552
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)276330
Births Per Day4
Deaths Per Day1
Net Migrations Per Day
Net Change Per Day 3
Population Change Since January 1st765

Vanuatu Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 25.506 births/thousand57
Crude Death Rate 4.69 deaths/thousand187
Crude Net Migration Rate 0.432 people/thousand59
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 72.572 years114
Male Life Expectancy 70.574 years109
Female Life Expectancy 74.754 years123
Total Fertility Rate 3.235 children/woman57
Net Reproduction Rate 1.506 surviving daughters/woman56
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.065 males per female18
Infant Mortality Rate 20.805 deaths/1,000 live births80
Under Five Mortality 24.487 deaths/thousand82
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.264 years94
Rate of Natural Increase 20.644 51
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 5.227 %98
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 6.033 %94
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 4.384 %114
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 14.801 %94
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 17.469 %84
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 12.116 %113
Crude Suicide Rate 0 suicides/thousand0
Median Age (Total) 21.7 years169
Median Age (Female) 22.1 years170
Median Age (Male) 21.3 years169

Vanuatu Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2017276,33050.613%49.387%221882.11%184
2015264,65250.653%49.347%211872.17%184
2010236,29950.767%49.233%191872.33%184
2005209,37551.008%48.992%171882.48%184
2000185,05851.142%48.858%151882.26%184
1995168,23651.299%48.701%131882.1%185
1990146,63251.429%48.572%121882.79%186
1985130,02752.052%47.949%101912.29%186
1980115,63452.792%47.208%91912.51%187
197599,87852.977%47.024%81903.1%186
197085,38752.93%47.072%71893.04%188
196574,28651.411%48.591%61892.82%189
196063,70151.61%48.39%51903.1%189
195554,92451.883%48.117%41912.94%190
195047,69552.244%47.756%31922.53%191

Vanuatu Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020294,09250.554%49.446%241872%183
2025324,02050.467%49.533%261861.85%182
2030354,33750.388%49.612%291821.71%182
2035384,99150.319%49.681%311841.59%181
2040415,73650.272%49.728%341841.46%181
2045446,09050.244%49.756%361851.33%180
2050475,65750.234%49.766%391831.21%180
2055504,14850.239%49.761%411811.09%177
2060531,14650.255%49.745%431810.98%177
2065556,57250.28%49.72%451780.87%175
2070580,18550.326%49.674%471750.77%175
2075601,83050.392%49.608%491720.68%174
2080621,47050.474%49.526%501700.59%174
2085638,89150.557%49.444%521670.5%174
2090653,99050.623%49.377%531670.42%173
2095666,67550.678%49.322%541650.34%173
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations