Vanuatu Population 2019

303,002

Vanuatu, officially the Republic of Vanuatu, is an island nation in the South Pacific Ocean. Vanuatu is comprised of an archipelago about 1,090 miles east of northern Australia and west of Fiji. The estimated 2019 population of Vanuatu is 299,882, ranking it 181st in the world.

Vanuatu has an estimated population of 299,882, up from the 2009 census figure of 243,000. The country is not densely populated, with 20 people per square kilometer (51/sq mi), which ranks 188th in the world.

Most of the population of Vanuatu is rural, although Port Vila and Luganville have sizable populations. Port Vila is the largest city and capital with a population of 45,000, accounting for 19% of the country's total population.

Vanuatu Demographics

The first inhabitants of Vanuatu were the Melanesian people. Europeans first visited the island through a Spanish expedition in 1605, claiming the archipelago for Spain. France and the United Kingdom claimed parts of the country in the 1880s and it was jointly managed in 1906. Vanuatu gained independence from France and the United Kingdom in 1980.

The inhabitants of Vanuatu are known as Ni-Vanuatu. 98.5% of the population are of Melanesian descent, with the rest comprised of a mix of Europeans, Asians and other Pacific Islanders. Three of the islands of Vanuatu were historically Polynesian.

There are also about 2,000 Ni-Vanuatu working and living in New Caledonia, about 300 miles away. Nearly 90% of the population fishes and eats fish, which has caused a great deal of pressure near villages as shore species are depleted.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 60 minutes
One death every 360 minutes
One net migrant every Infinity minutes
Net gain of one person every 72 minutes

Vanuatu Population in 2018Source: By Torbenbrinker [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Vanuatu Population Pyramid 2019

Vanuatu Population by Age

There are 166,052 adults in Vanuatu.

Census Years

Year Date
20162016
200930 November 2009
199930 November 1999
198916 May 1989
198620 January 1986

Vanuatu is currently growing at a rate of 2.4% per year. The country has a fertility rate of 3.82 births per woman, which has declined over the last sixty years but remains high. The life expectancy is 71 years.

Official NameRepublic of Vanuatu
Languages SpokenBislama, English, French
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude-16.00, 167.00
Currencies UsedVanuatu Vatu
DemonymNi-Vanuatu
BordersNone
Name Population Location
Port-Vila35,901Map
Luganville13,397Map
Isangel1,437Map
Sola1,171Map
Lakatoro705Map

Vanuatu Population Clock

The population of Vanuatu (as of 12/4/2019)?303,002
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2019)299,882
Births Per Day24
Deaths Per Day4
Net Migrations Per Day
Net Change Per Day20
Population Change Since January 1st6,740

Vanuatu Population Estimator

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Estimate as of December 4th 2019 is: 302,986

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
2019299,88250.70%49.30%24.601812.46%
2018292,68050.71%49.29%24.011812.51%
2017285,51050.72%49.28%23.421822.58%
2016278,33050.73%49.27%22.831822.66%
2015271,13050.74%49.26%22.241832.80%
2010236,21150.77%49.23%19.381842.45%
2005209,28251.01%48.99%17.171842.50%
2000184,97251.15%48.85%15.181841.92%
1995168,15851.30%48.70%13.801852.79%
1990146,57351.43%48.57%12.031862.43%
1985129,98452.06%47.94%10.661872.37%
1980115,59752.80%47.20%9.481882.97%
197599,85952.98%47.02%8.191873.18%
197085,37752.93%47.07%7.001892.83%
196574,27051.42%48.58%6.091903.12%
196063,68951.62%48.38%5.231903.01%
195554,92151.87%48.13%4.511912.86%
195047,69752.25%47.75%3.911920.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
2020307,14550.69%49.31%25.201810.00%
2025344,30550.63%49.37%28.251812.31%
2030383,37350.56%49.44%31.451792.17%
2035424,53750.49%49.51%34.831782.06%
2040467,51950.43%49.57%38.361761.95%
2045511,73950.39%49.61%41.981751.82%
2050556,75650.35%49.65%45.681751.70%
2055601,99550.33%49.67%49.391721.57%
2060647,24850.31%49.69%53.101721.46%
2065692,42150.31%49.69%56.811701.36%
2070737,03850.32%49.68%60.471701.26%
2075780,44050.32%49.68%64.031691.15%
2080822,40650.31%49.69%67.471681.05%
2085862,42650.30%49.70%70.751680.95%
2090900,34150.28%49.72%73.871660.86%
2095935,44050.26%49.74%76.741650.77%
  1. Vanuatu National Statistics Office (VNSO)
  2. World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 2009 census, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer