Vietnam Population 2018

96,131,932

On the eastern tip of the Indo-China peninsula in south east Asia, Vietnam is one of the larger and more densely populated countries in the region. Confirmed population figures are hard to obtain, but an estimate puts the Vietnam population in 2018 at 96.49 million, up from the 2012 estimate of 91.5 million and this figure would make the country the 14th most populous on the planet.

In comparison, Vietnam has a small surface area, and at 331,210 square kilometres (128,565 square miles), this is only the world’s 65th largest in terms of land mass alone.

Those two sets of figures would suggest a densely populated landscape and that is the case to an extent. For every square kilometre of land, there is an average of 280.6 people. That number converts to 723 per square mile and overall, this becomes the 46th most densely populated country on earth.

Vietnam Population History

In the absence of any confirmed figures from within the country itself, it is necessary to turn to UN estimates to gauge how the population of Vietnam has been developing over the years.

Back in 1950, the organisation claimed that there were 28,264,000 people living here and just five years later in 1955, those numbers had swelled significantly to 31,329,000.

Further consistent growth followed, even through the long years of the Vietnam War which you may have been forgiven for thinking would have had some form of impact on the population of Vietnam. In fact, growth continued at a similar level throughout the second half of the 1900’s and has continued further to the point where the Vietnam population of 2014 stands at just short of 93 million.

Vietnam Demographics

The CIA World Factbook has also produced some interesting figures in relation to life expectancy and these stand at relatively healthy levels. The organisation claims that in 2011, those figures stood at 71.33 years overall, which could be divided between males at 68.52 years and females at 74.33 years.

This is arguably one of the most diverse countries on earth when it comes to ethnicity splits and in fact, the Vietnamese government recognises no less than 54 ethnic groups within the country. The list is therefore far too numerous to replicate in full but the Kinh group are by far the most numerous and account for over 87% of the overall population of Vietnam.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 20 seconds
One death every 56 seconds
One net migrant every 13 minutes
Net gain of one person every 33 seconds

Vietnam Population in 2018Source: Diego Delso

Vietnam Population Pyramid 2018

0k200k400k600k800k1MVietnam Male Population0k200k400k600k800k1MVietnam Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Vietnam Median Age

30.1


Total

28.9


Male

31.2


Female

Vietnam Population by Age

There are 69,572,496 adults in Vietnam.

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Vietnam Population Growth

For a country with such a turbulent past, Vietnam’s population statistics have been largely unremarkable throughout the country’s history. The next major milestone is 100 million inhabitants and it will be fascinating to see how long it takes for Vietnam to push through this landmark.

About Vietnam

Official NameSocialist Republic of Vietnam
Languages SpokenVietnamese
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude16.16666666107.83333333
Currencies UsedViet Nam Dong
DemonymVietnamese

Countries Bordering Vietnam

Cambodia
China
Laos

Vietnam Population Density

Vietnam Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Ho Chi Minh City3,467,331
Hanoi1,431,270
Da Nang752,493
Haiphong602,695
Bien Hoa407,208
Hue287,217
Nha Trang283,441
Can Tho259,598
Rach Gia228,356
Qui Nhon210,338
Vung Tau209,683
Da Lat197,000
Thanh Pho Nam Dinh193,499
Vinh163,759
GJuc Trong161,232
Phan Thiet160,652
La Gi160,652
Long Xuyen158,153
Can Giuoc152,200
Bao Loc151,915

Vietnam Population Clock

The population of Vietnam (as of 2/13/2018)?96,131,932
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)96,491,146
Births Per Day4,268
Deaths Per Day1,536
Net Migrations Per Day -110
Net Change Per Day 2,622
Population Change Since January 1st115,368

Vietnam Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 16.241 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 5.844 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.417 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 76.56 years
Male Life Expectancy 71.89 years
Female Life Expectancy 81.13 years
Total Fertility Rate 1.946 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.903 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.097 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 16.569 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 20.883 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 27.959 years
Rate of Natural Increase 10.397

Vietnam Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201896,491,14649.49%50.51%291.33150.99%
201795,540,80049.49%50.51%288.46151.03%
201694,569,07249.48%50.52%285.52151.07%
201593,571,56749.46%50.54%282.51151.13%
201088,472,51249.37%50.63%267.12130.97%
200584,308,84349.25%50.75%254.55130.98%
200080,285,56249.26%50.74%242.40131.32%
199575,198,97749.27%50.73%227.04131.97%
199068,209,60549.24%50.76%205.94132.24%
198561,049,37349.18%50.82%184.32132.34%
198054,372,51449.13%50.87%164.16152.22%
197548,729,39249.13%50.87%147.12172.34%
197043,407,28749.29%50.71%131.06172.77%
196537,860,01249.34%50.66%114.31172.99%
196032,670,62949.33%50.67%98.64173.03%
195528,147,78649.32%50.68%84.98182.56%
195024,809,90649.37%50.63%74.91190.00%

Vietnam Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202098,360,14549.50%50.50%296.97150.00%
2025102,763,51149.48%50.52%310.27160.88%
2030106,283,63749.41%50.59%320.89160.68%
2035108,988,47849.33%50.67%329.06160.50%
2040111,229,11249.25%50.75%335.82160.41%
2045113,144,90949.20%50.80%341.61160.34%
2050114,629,85249.19%50.81%346.09160.26%
2055115,517,96249.19%50.81%348.77170.15%
2060115,727,99149.21%50.79%349.41170.04%
2065115,322,54549.22%50.78%348.1817-0.07%
2070114,496,27749.23%50.77%345.6919-0.14%
2075113,447,78249.26%50.74%342.5221-0.18%
2080112,290,57049.29%50.71%339.0322-0.20%
2085111,079,34549.33%50.67%335.3723-0.22%
2090109,875,57549.38%50.62%331.7423-0.22%
2095108,722,51749.40%50.60%328.2623-0.21%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer