Last Census - 2009
On the eastern tip of the Indo-China peninsula in south east Asia, Vietnam is one of the larger and more densely populated countries in the region. How do those population figures compare therefore in the present day?
Confirmed figures in relation to the numbers here are hard to obtain, but an estimate puts the Vietnam population in 2014 at 92,948,278, up from the 2012 estimate of 91,519,289 and this impressive figure would make the country the 14th most populous on the planet.
In comparison, Vietnam has a small surface area, and at 331,210 square kilometres (128,565 square miles), this is only the world’s 65th largest in terms of land mass alone.
Those two sets of figures would suggest a densely populated landscape and that is the case to an extent. For every square kilometre of land, there is an average of 280.6 people. That number converts to 723 per square mile and overall, this becomes the 46th most densely populated country on earth.
Vietnam Population History
In the absence of any confirmed figures from within the country itself, it is necessary to turn to UN estimates to gauge how the population of Vietnam has been developing over the years.
Back in 1950, the organisation claimed that there were 28,264,000 people living here and just five years later in 1955, those numbers had swelled significantly to 31,329,000.
Further consistent growth followed, even through the long years of the Vietnam War which you may have been forgiven for thinking would have had some form of impact on the population of Vietnam. In fact, growth continued at a similar level throughout the second half of the 1900’s and has continued further to the point where the Vietnam population of 2014 stands at just short of 93 million.
The CIA World Factbook has also produced some interesting figures in relation to life expectancy and these stand at relatively healthy levels. The organisation claims that in 2011, those figures stood at 71.33 years overall, which could be divided between males at 68.52 years and females at 74.33 years.
This is arguably one of the most diverse countries on earth when it comes to ethnicity splits and in fact, the Vietnamese government recognises no less than 54 ethnic groups within the country. The list is therefore far too numerous to replicate in full but the Kinh group are by far the most numerous and account for over 87% of the overall population of Vietnam.
For a country with such a turbulent past, Vietnam’s population statistics have been largely unremarkable throughout the country’s history. The next major milestone is 100 million inhabitants and it will be fascinating to see how long it takes for Vietnam to push through this landmark.