Vietnam Population 2019

96,663,416

On the eastern tip of the Indochina peninsula in southeast Asia, Vietnam is one of the larger and more densely populated countries in the region. Confirmed population figures are hard to obtain, but an estimate puts the Vietnam population in 2019 at 96.46 million, up from the 2012 estimate of 91.5 million and this figure would make the country the 15th most populous on the planet.

Vietnam Area and Population Density

In comparison, Vietnam has a small surface area, and at 331,210 square kilometers (128,565 square miles), this is only the world’s 65th largest in terms of landmass alone.

Those two sets of figures would suggest a densely populated landscape and that is the case to an extent. For every square kilometer of land, there is an average of 291.33 people. That number converts to 112.5 individuals per square mile and overall, this becomes the 46th most densely populated country on earth.

Largest Cities in Vietnam

Vietnam has 5 cities with populations over one million, the largest of which is Ho Chi Minh City with a population of 8,636,899. The city of Ha Noi is a close second with 7,781,631 people residing there. The remaining 3 cities with substantial populations are Hai Phong, Da Nang, and Can Tho.

Vietnam Demographics

The CIA World Factbook has also produced some interesting figures in relation to life expectancy and these stand at relatively healthy levels. The organization claims that in 2011, those figures stood at 71.33 years overall, which could be divided between males at 68.52 years and females at 74.33 years.

This is arguably one of the most diverse countries on earth when it comes to ethnicity splits and in fact, the Vietnamese government recognizes no less than 54 ethnic groups within the country. The World Factbook gives us a breakdown of Kinh (Viet) at 85.7%, Tay 1.9%, Thai 1.8%, Muong 1.5%, Khmer 1.5%, Mong 1.2%, Nung 1.1%, Hoa 1%, other ethnicities 4.3%.

Vietnam Religion, Economy and Politics

In terms of religious preferences among the population of Vietnam in the World Factbook, we see Buddhists at 7.9%, Catholic 6.6%, Hoa Hao 1.7%, Cao Dai 0.9%, Protestant 0.9%, Muslim 0.1%, no preferred religion 81.8%.

The World Happiness Report shows a ranking of 95, with a rating of 5.1 in terms of overall happiness.

In terms of health care and access to clean drinking water and improved sanitation facilities, 7.1% of the GDP is spent in healthcare, resulting in .82 professional physicians available per 1,000 residents and 2.6 beds available in healthcare institutions per 1,000 individuals. When we examine the access to drinking water, 97.6% of the population has improved access, while only 78% have improved access to improved sanitation facilities. 94.5% of the population aged over 15 is literate.

Vietnam Population History

In the absence of any confirmed figures from within the country itself, it is necessary to turn to UN estimates to gauge how the population of Vietnam has been developing over the years.

Back in 1950, the organization claimed that there were 28,264,000 people living here and just five years later in 1955, those numbers had swelled significantly to 31,329,000.

Vietnam Population Growth

Further consistent growth followed, even through the long years of the Vietnam War which you may have been assumed to have a negative sort of impact on the population of Vietnam. In fact, growth continued at a similar level throughout the second half of the 1900’s and has continued further to the point where the Vietnam population of 2014 stands at just short of 93 million.

From the years of 1955 to 1990, Vietnam enjoyed positive yearly population changes of over 2% - even as much as 3% in some years. However, since that time, the increase percentage has fallen to just below a full 1%.

Vietnam Population Projections

The growth Vietnam has seen in the recent past is expected to continue, however, at an increasingly slower rate. By 2035, the population will be growing half as quickly as it is today. It is projected that the Vietnam population will break 100 million by 2022.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 20 seconds
One death every 52 seconds
One net migrant every 6 minutes
Net gain of one person every 35 seconds

Vietnam Population in 2018Source: By Soyoungah [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Vietnam Population Pyramid 2019

Vietnam Population by Age

There are 70,183,102 adults in Vietnam.

Census Years

Year Date
20192019
200915 April 2009
19991 April 1999
19891 April 1989
Vietnam Population Growth

For a country with such a turbulent past, Vietnam’s population statistics have been largely unremarkable throughout the country’s history. The next major milestone is 100 million inhabitants and it will be fascinating to see how long it takes for Vietnam to push through this landmark.

Official NameSocialist Republic of Vietnam
Languages SpokenVietnamese
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude16.16666666107.83333333
Currencies UsedViet Nam Dong
DemonymVietnamese
Name Population Location
Ho Chi Minh City3,467,331Map
Hanoi1,431,270Map
Da Nang752,493Map
Haiphong602,695Map
Bien Hoa407,208Map
Hue287,217Map
Nha Trang283,441Map
Can Tho259,598Map
Rach Gia228,356Map
Qui Nhon210,338Map
Vung Tau209,683Map
Da Lat197,000Map
Nam Dinh193,499Map
Vinh163,759Map
GJuc Trong161,232Map
La Gi160,652Map
Phan Thiet160,652Map
Long Xuyen158,153Map
Can Giuoc152,200Map
Bao Loc151,915Map

Vietnam Population Clock

The population of Vietnam (as of 9/20/2019)?96,663,416
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2019)96,462,106
Births Per Day4,349
Deaths Per Day1,668
Net Migrations Per Day -226
Net Change Per Day 2,455
Population Change Since January 1st645,665

Vietnam Population Estimator

SuMoTuWeThFrSa
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

Estimate as of September 20th 2019 is: 96,656,611

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201996,462,10649.92%50.08%291.24150.96%
201895,545,96249.90%50.10%288.47151.00%
201794,600,64849.89%50.11%285.62151.03%
201693,640,42249.87%50.13%282.72151.04%
201592,677,07649.85%50.15%279.81141.05%
201087,967,65149.73%50.27%265.59130.97%
200583,832,66149.54%50.46%253.11130.96%
200079,910,41249.52%50.48%241.27131.30%
199574,910,46149.52%50.48%226.17131.96%
199067,988,86249.50%50.50%205.27132.23%
198560,896,72149.43%50.57%183.86132.33%
198054,281,84649.36%50.64%163.89152.19%
197548,718,18949.33%50.67%147.09172.34%
197043,404,79349.47%50.53%131.05172.77%
196537,858,95149.48%50.52%114.30172.99%
196032,670,03949.43%50.57%98.64173.02%
195528,147,44349.38%50.62%84.98182.56%
195024,809,90249.37%50.63%74.91190.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202097,338,57949.93%50.07%293.89150.00%
2025101,106,83549.92%50.08%305.26160.76%
2030104,163,51949.85%50.15%314.49160.60%
2035106,296,10849.73%50.27%320.93160.41%
2040107,795,03149.62%50.38%325.46160.28%
2045108,901,03749.54%50.46%328.80170.20%
2050109,605,01149.50%50.50%330.92160.13%
2055109,783,12949.50%50.50%331.46160.03%
2060109,363,33749.52%50.48%330.1916-0.08%
2065108,406,61549.58%50.42%327.3017-0.18%
2070107,062,25149.66%50.34%323.2420-0.25%
2075105,516,14549.75%50.25%318.5821-0.29%
2080103,915,56049.84%50.16%313.7421-0.31%
2085102,308,00249.93%50.07%308.8922-0.31%
2090100,709,08749.99%50.01%304.0623-0.31%
209599,098,73750.01%49.99%299.2024-0.32%
  1. General Statistics Office
  2. General Statistics Office
  3. World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1979, 1989, 1999 and 2009 census, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration. Estimates from the 2014 Intercensal Population and Housing Survey and official population estimates through 2015 were also considered.

  4. GeoNames Gazetteer