Violent Crime Rates By Country 2020

What country has the highest rate of violent crime?

Violent crime is a crime in which an offender or perpetrator uses or threatens to use force upon a victim. Violent crimes include murder, assault, sexual assault, rape, kidnapping, homicide, manslaughter, and negligence. Violent crime entails both crimes in which the violent act is the objective (murder or rape) and crimes in which violence is the means to an end.

Violent crime rates vary greatly between countries. Although there is no clear reason why crimes are committed, there are numerous factors that affect crime rates. Countries with high crime rates typically have high poverty levels and low job availability. Crime rates tend to be lower in countries with favorable living conditions (wealthy), straight police enforcement, and tough sentences for crimes. There is a strong correlation between age and crime. Most crimes, especially violent crimes, are committed by those ages 20-30.

According to the Global Study on Homicide, 464,000 people died from violent crimes in 2017. The report states that countries with high firearm rates have higher intentional homicide rates.

Some of the lowest violent crime rates can be seen in Europe. Many European countries have violent crime rates of less than 1 incident per 100,000 people. These countries have stricter gun laws and less ownership as well as effective law enforcement.

The table below has each country’s murder and rape rates (number of incidents per 100,000 people. Based on this information, the ten countries with the highest murder rates are:

  1. El Salvador (82.84)
  2. Jamaica (57)
  3. Honduras (41.7)
  4. Belize (37.9)
  5. South Africa (35.9)
  6. Lesotho (41.25)
  7. Brazil (30.5)
  8. Saint Lucia (29.6)
  9. Guatemala (26.1)
  10. Dominica (25.7)

Rape rates only count those that are reported to the police. Around the world, rape and sexual assault are grossly underreported. The ten countries with the highest rape rates are:

  1. South Africa (132.4)
  2. Botswana (92.9)
  3. Lesotho (82.7)
  4. Bermuda (67.3)
  5. Sweden (63.5)
  6. Suriname (45.2)
  7. Costa Rica (36.7)
  8. Nicaragua (31.6)
  9. Grenada (30.6)
  10. Saints Kitts and Nevis (28.6)

South Africa has the highest rape rate in the world of 132.4 reported incidents for every 100,000 people. South Africa’s sexual violence crime rates continue to rise despite enacting the Criminal Law (Sexual Offences and Related Matters) Amendment Act in 2007. The South African Medical Research Council conducted a survey reporting that approximately one in four South African men admitted to committing rape.

Reports such as the ones mentioned help governments realize what actions they need to take in order to reduce violent crimes and protect their citizens.

* Number of rape incidents does not take into account incidents that go unreported to the police.
Country Homicide Rate per 100,000 people Rape per 100,000 people Population 2019
Brunei0.497.6433,285
Burkina Faso0.3720,321,378
Isle Of Man0.0084,584
San Marino0.0033,860
Syria..0.817,070,135
Venezuela56.3328,515,829
United States Virgin Islands49.26104,578
Belize37.606.7390,353
South Africa33.97132.458,558,270
Trinidad And Tobago30.8818.51,394,973
Brazil29.53211,049,527
Tuvalu18.6511,646
Swaziland17.291,148,130
Botswana15.0492.92,303,697
South Sudan13.9011,062,113
Uganda11.522.144,269,594
Togo9.008,082,366
British Virgin Islands8.3730,030
Suriname8.3545.2581,372
Uruguay7.699.83,461,734
Tanzania6.9558,005,463
Zimbabwe6.6725.614,645,468
Yemen6.660.829,161,922
Ukraine6.341.443,993,638
Turks And Caicos Islands5.9338,191
United States5.3527.3329,064,917
Zambia5.3017,861,030
Sudan5.162.942,813,238
Turkey4.311.583,429,615
Somalia4.3115,442,905
Turkmenistan4.220.65,942,089
Solomon Islands3.7711669,823
Thailand3.246.769,625,582
Samoa3.15197,097
Tunisia3.0511,694,719
Uzbekistan3.0032,981,716
Albania2.700.72,880,917
Egypt2.510.1100,388,073
Sierra Leone1.711.47,813,215
Tajikistan1.610.59,321,018
Vietnam1.5296,462,106
Bosnia And Herzegovina1.281.23,301,000
United Kingdom1.2067,530,172
Sweden1.0863.510,036,379
Slovakia1.052.65,457,013
Tonga0.95104,494
United Arab Emirates0.891.59,770,529
Spain0.633.446,736,776
Switzerland0.548,591,365
Slovenia0.483.12,078,654
Singapore0.322.75,804,337
Saint Vincent And The Grenadines..25.6110,589
Saint Kitts And Nevis..28.652,823
Honduras56.529,746,117
Jamaica47.0124.42,948,279
Lesotho41.2582.72,125,268
Guatemala27.262.917,581,472
Guyana18.3715.5782,766
Ivory Coast11.6325,716,544
Mali10.9019,658,031
Grenada10.2530.6112,003
Haiti10.0411,263,077
Mauritania9.944,525,696
Iraq9.8539,309,783
Guinea8.82112,771,246
Madagascar7.6926,969,307
Laos7.017,169,455
Afghanistan6.3538,041,754
Argentina5.948.544,780,677
Greenland5.3156,672
Lithuania5.256.32,759,627
Kenya4.872.152,573,973
Kazakhstan4.818.418,551,427
Kyrgyzstan4.495.96,415,850
North Korea4.4025,666,161
Lebanon3.990.56,855,713
Latvia3.363.51,906,743
Liberia3.234,937,374
India3.221.81,366,417,754
Guam2.51167,294
Libya2.506,777,452
Iran2.4782,913,906
Azerbaijan2.140.210,047,718
Malaysia2.1131,949,777
Hungary2.072.59,684,679
Mauritius1.823.91,269,668
Kuwait1.804.54,207,083
Malawi1.7318,628,747
Jordan1.55210,101,694
Israel1.3617.68,519,377
Australia0.9428.625,203,198
Malta0.944.7440,372
Ireland0.8010.74,882,495
Maldives0.753530,953
Luxembourg0.7211.9615,729
South Korea0.7013.551,225,308
Italy0.677.660,550,075
Austria0.6610.48,955,102
Bahrain0.524.61,641,172
Indonesia0.50270,625,568
Hong Kong0.381.67,436,154
Iceland0.3024.7339,031
Japan0.281126,860,301
Nauru0.0010,756
Monaco0.005.738,964
Liechtenstein0.00038,019
Palestine..34,981,420
El Salvador82.84116,453,553
Colombia25.506.850,339,443
Central African Republic19.764,745,185
Mexico19.2613.2127,575,529
Puerto Rico18.512,933,408
Namibia17.142,494,530
Dominican Republic15.1810,738,958
Bermuda12.9667.362,506
Seychelles12.7497,739
Costa Rica11.9036.75,047,561
Cape Verde11.49549,935
Philippines11.026.3108,116,615
Barbados10.9124.9287,025
Russia10.823.4145,872,256
Antigua And Barbuda10.3397,118
Nigeria9.85200,963,599
Panama9.674,246,439
Guinea Bissau9.551,920,922
Republic Of The Congo9.325,380,508
Paraguay9.2967,044,636
Gambia9.132,347,706
Chad9.0415,946,876
Cayman Islands8.4564,948
Dominica8.3771,808
Eritrea8.043,497,117
Gabon8.042,172,579
Papua New Guinea7.858,776,109
Comoros7.70850,886
Peru7.6723.532,510,453
Ethiopia7.56112,078,730
Kiribati7.50117,606
Senegal7.385.616,296,364
Nicaragua7.3731.66,545,502
Djibouti6.48973,560
Bolivia6.3026.111,513,100
Benin6.1811,801,151
Burundi6.0211,530,580
Ecuador5.8510.917,373,662
Mongolia5.6612.43,225,167
American Samoa5.4055,312
Cuba4.9911,333,483
Angola4.8531,825,295
Micronesia4.67113,815
Montenegro4.461.8627,987
Niger4.4423,310,715
Pakistan4.41216,565,318
Cameroon4.172.425,876,380
Belarus3.582.39,452,411
Chile3.4613.318,952,038
Mozambique3.400.230,366,036
Sao Tome And Principe3.36215,056
New Caledonia3.23282,750
Moldova3.1910.34,043,263
Estonia3.1961,325,648
Palau3.1118,008
Gibraltar3.0133,701
Armenia2.980.42,957,731
Sri Lanka2.557.321,323,733
Rwanda2.5212,626,950
Bangladesh2.509.82163,046,161
Equatorial Guinea2.311,355,986
Myanmar2.2754,045,420
Fiji2.26889,953
Nepal2.160.828,608,710
Vanuatu2.13299,882
Belgium1.9527.911,539,328
Aruba1.93106,314
Cambodia1.8416,486,542
Canada1.681.737,411,047
Ghana1.6830,417,856
Saudi Arabia1.5034,268,528
Finland1.4215.25,532,156
Serbia1.390.78,772,235
Algeria1.362.443,053,054
France1.3516.265,129,728
Romania1.254.719,364,557
Morocco1.244.836,471,769
Germany1.189.483,517,045
Bulgaria1.142.87,000,119
Bhutan1.13763,092
Cyprus1.112.51,198,575
Croatia1.043.24,130,304
Georgia0.991.93,996,765
New Zealand0.9925.84,783,063
Denmark0.986.45,771,876
Greece0.751.910,473,455
Poland0.674.137,887,768
Oman0.666.64,974,986
Portugal0.64410,226,187
China0.621,433,783,686
Czech Republic0.614.610,689,209
Netherlands0.559.217,097,130
Norway0.5119.25,378,857
Qatar0.381.82,832,067
French Polynesia0.38279,287
Andorra0.001.277,142