During the twentieth century, Yugoslavia was considered an individual place all on its own. Just like any other country, Yugoslavia was a country back in the day. However, Yugoslavia has a history of intense, heated, and dramatic upheaval, especially in relation to politics. Formerly known as the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, the country of Yugoslavia at the time was very big, spanning along the borders of Italy, Austria, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Greece, and Albania, with its southwestern border situated along the Adriatic Sea.
The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia lasted from 1943 until the year 1992 when it started erupting in warfare and division. A collection of wars, historically remembered as the Yugoslav Wars, broke out around the country, resulting in the total division of Yugoslavia as it was once known. Starting in 1991, the first part of Yugoslavia to break away from the Social Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was the region now known as Croatia, which formed in the year 1991. Slovenia coincided with Croatia by breaking away during the same year.
For a brief moment, the Republic of Serbian Krajina separated from Yugoslavia as a result of the wars, but after a few different changes, the republic merged into the region that became Croatia, so the Republic of Serbian Krajina is not a separate place anymore. The land that once made up the Republic of Serbian Krajina is part of Croatia now. From there, Yugoslavia split into the Republic of Macedonia, the Republic of North Macedonia, the Croatian Republic of Herzegovina-Bosnia, the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Autonomous Province of Western Bosnia, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, and Republika Srpska.
To help you see the breakdown of Yugoslavia in a more chronological and visual way, here is the order of the countries that broke away from Yugoslavia, followed by the year that they pulled away from Yugoslavia…
- Croatia in 1991
- Slovenia in 1991
- The Republic of Serbian Krajina
- The Republic of Macedonia in 1991
- The Republic of North Macedonia in 2019 \
- The Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia in 1991, until 1994
- The Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1992, until 1997
- Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1997
- The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1992, until 2003
- Serbia and Montenegro collectively as one republic in 2003, until 2006
- Montenegro in 2006
- Serbia in 2006
- Kosovo in 2008
- Republika Srpska in 1992, until 1997
Something important to note is that the Republic of Macedonia did become a separate entity disconnected from Yugoslavia in 1991, but in 2019, the Republic of Macedonia became the Republic of North Macedonia. On that note, the republic maintains its newer name as of today.
Once Yugoslavia became what it is today, the country transformed from one nation into six separate republics. These countries include...
- Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
The current population of Bosnia and Herzegovina is currently about 3,502,004 people. With a total area of approximately 19,691 square miles of land, the population density of the country is about one hundred seventy-eight people for every square mile within the country's borders. The country’s population is the one hundred thirty-fifth largest country in the world based on population size alone.
Even so, Bosnia and Herzegovina is home to less than 0.05% of people on Earth. Just under half of the people who live in Bosnia and Herzegovina reside in the country's cities, while everyone else has a home in the suburban areas and outskirts of the major urban neighborhoods.
There are approximately 4,143,324 people who live in Croatia. The total area of Croatia is roughly 21,606 square miles, and with a population density of about one hundred ninety-two people per square mile, the country is relatively spacious. The European country of Croatia falls into place as the one hundred thirty-first largest country in the world. Croatia accounts for 0.05% of all people in the world.
As of 2019, the population size of North Macedonia -- previously known simply as Macedonia -- is roughly 2,086,504 people. The country's borders encompass approximately 9,737 people, and by dividing the population by the square mileage of North Macedonia, we find that the country's population density amounts to about two hundred fourteen people per square mile of area. Just under sixty percent of people in North Macedonia reside in urban areas, but there is a decent percentage of people who live in suburban and rural places within the country, too.
Montenegro has a population of 629,337 people, as of the year 2019. The total area of the country is about 5,193 square miles, and Montenegro only houses 0.01% of the global population. As a result of the way the total area of Montenegro leans toward the smaller end of the spectrum, the country ranks as number one hundred sixty-eight on the list of countries ranked by population size.
The current population of Serbia is currently hovering around 8,737,102 people. With a total area amounting to 33,768 square miles, Serbia is not terribly dense. The population density of the country is about two hundred fifty-nine people for every square inch of land, which is relatively comfortable. The country's population is the same as 0.11% of the total population of people on Earth.
The population of Slovenia makes the European country the one hundred forty-ninth largest country in the world. With a population of about 2,081,816 people, Slovenia is home to just around 0.03% of all people on Earth. There are 7,776 square miles of land within the borders of Slovenia, and the country's population density is around two hundred sixty-eight people per square mile of land.