Zambia Population 2018

17,767,434

Zambia, officially the Republic of Zambia, is a landlocked country in Southern Africa bordered by Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Angola. The estimated 2018 population of Zambia is 17.61 million, which ranks 70th in the world.

Zambia's estimated population is 17.61 million, based on a 2012 estimate of 14.3 million and a high 3.3% annual growth rate.

Population Density and Surface Area

While it is the 30th largest country, Zambia is not very densely populated with just 23 people per square kilometer (44/sq mi), which ranks 191st in the world.

Capital and City Centers in Zambia

The capital and largest city is Lusaka, with a population estimated at 1.7 million in 2010, which is estimated as of 2018 by the World Factbook to be currently at 2.5 million residents in the metropolitan area of Luaska. Much of Zambia's population is concentrated around Lusaka in the south and the Copperbelt Province in the northwest. Zambia is one of the most urbanized countries in sub-Saharan Africa with 44% of the population in a few urban areas while rural areas remain sparsely populated.

Zambia Demographics

The original inhabitants of Zambia were the Khoisan people. The region was eventually colonized during a Bantu expansion in the 13th century. There are now 72 ethnic groups in Zambia, most of which speak Bantu.

Nearly 90% of Zambians belong to one of 9 ethnolinguistic groups: Nyanja-Chewa, Bemba, Tonga, Tumbuka, Lunda, Luvale, Kaonde, Lozi, and Nkoya. The ethnic composition of Zambia in 2003 was: Bemba (22%), Tonga (11%), Lozi (5.2%), Nsenga (5.1%), Tumbuka (4.3%), Ngoni (3.8%), Chewa (3%), white (1%), and others (45%).

Expatriates, most of which are from South Africa and the United Kingdom, are mostly in Lusaka and the Copperbelt. While there were 70,000 Europeans in the country in 1964, most have left. There is also a small population of Indians and Chinese. It is estimated that 80,000 Chinese live in Zambia, with 13,000 Indians.

There are about 89,000 asylum seekers and refugees in Zambia, most of which came from the Democratic Republic of Congo (47,000), Angola (27,000), Zimbabwe (5,000) and Rwanda (5,000).

The median age in Zambia is only 16.8 years of age, with a total life expectancy of 52.7 years. This ranks Zambia's population as the 6th youngest for median age in the world. In addition, Zambia also ranks at number 8 for it's fertility rate of 5.63 children per woman.

In terms of access to clean drinking water and improved sanitation facilities, the Zambia population is seeing considerable struggle. Approximately 65% of the population has the ability to gain clean drinking water, while only 43.9% have access to improved sanitation. Risk of infectious disease is high here, and HIV/AIDS is quite prevalent as well, currenting affecting 1.1 million people in Zambia alone.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 48 seconds
One death every 4 minutes
One net migrant every 65 minutes
Net gain of one person every 1 minutes

Zambia Population in 2018Source: By Lighton Phiri [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Zambia Population Growth

Zambia's population is currently growing at a rate 3.2% per year. The country has one of the highest fertility rates in the world at 6.2 births per woman. While the HIV prevalence in Zambia has declined, it is still at 13.5% among adults.

About Zambia

Official NameRepublic of Zambia
Languages SpokenEnglish
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude-1530
Currencies UsedZambia Kwacha
DemonymZambian

Zambia Population Density

Zambia Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Lusaka1,267,440
Kitwe400,914
Ndola394,518
Kabwe188,979
Chingola148,564
Mufulira120,500
Luanshya113,365
Livingstone109,203
Kasama91,056
Chipata85,963
Kalulushi66,575
Mazabuka64,006
Chililabombwe57,328
Mongu52,534
Kafue47,554
Choma46,746
Mansa42,277
Kansanshi40,705
Kapiri Mposhi37,942
Monze30,257

Zambia Population Clock

The population of Zambia (as of 10/20/2018)?17,767,434
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)17,609,178
Births Per Day1,796
Deaths Per Day361
Net Migrations Per Day -22
Net Change Per Day 1,413
Population Change Since January 1st414,009

Zambia Population Estimator

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Estimate as of October 20th 2018 is: 17,769,806

Zambia Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201817,609,17849.62%50.38%23.40663.01%
201717,094,13049.62%50.38%22.71663.03%
201616,591,39049.62%50.38%22.05673.05%
201516,100,58749.62%50.38%21.39693.06%
201013,850,03349.56%50.44%18.40712.82%
200512,052,15649.51%50.49%16.01712.73%
200010,531,22149.45%50.55%13.99732.88%
19959,137,07749.48%50.52%12.14792.62%
19908,027,25349.56%50.44%10.67812.91%
19856,955,21249.64%50.36%9.24823.38%
19805,889,23049.69%50.31%7.83863.47%
19754,964,83149.68%50.32%6.60893.53%
19704,173,92849.69%50.31%5.55953.21%
19653,563,40749.68%50.33%4.73963.20%
19603,044,84649.67%50.33%4.05982.94%
19552,634,46449.70%50.30%3.501002.66%
19502,310,44249.78%50.22%3.071020.00%

Zambia Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202018,679,27349.62%50.38%24.82650.00%
202521,593,82549.61%50.39%28.69622.94%
203024,859,37649.63%50.37%33.03612.86%
203528,441,39949.65%50.35%37.79602.73%
204032,326,61649.68%50.32%42.95582.59%
204536,516,65749.72%50.28%48.52562.47%
205041,000,82249.74%50.26%54.48542.34%
205545,763,65549.76%50.24%60.81492.22%
206050,751,28649.78%50.22%67.43452.09%
206555,936,13849.79%50.21%74.32421.96%
207061,285,79149.79%50.21%81.43381.84%
207566,770,85349.79%50.21%88.72351.73%
208072,345,81349.79%50.21%96.13341.62%
208577,948,30349.79%50.21%103.57311.50%
209083,524,92049.78%50.22%110.98291.39%
209589,027,86749.77%50.23%118.29261.28%
Data Sources
  1. Central Statistical Office of Zambia
  2. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1980, 1990, 2000 and 2010 censuses adjusted for underenumeration, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer