Zambia Population 2019
Zambia, officially the Republic of Zambia, is a landlocked country in Southern Africa bordered by Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Angola. The estimated 2019 population of Zambia is 17.86 million, which ranks 65th in the world.
Zambia's estimated population is 17.86 million, based on a 2012 estimate of 14.3 million and a high 3.3% annual growth rate.
Zambia Area and Population Density
Zambia is the 30th largest country covering 290,587 square miles (752,618 square kilometers) but is not nearly as large in terms of its population. It is located towards South Africa, and although its border touch a few lakes it is otherwise landlocked, touching Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Namibia, DR Congo, Tanzania, and Angola. Calculated with the 2019 population of 18,128,078, the population density of Zambia is 62.38 people per square mile (24.09 people per square kilometer), making it the 160th most densely populated country in the world.
Largest Cities in Zambia
The capital and largest city is Lusaka, with a population estimated at 1.7 million in 2010, which is estimated as of 2018 by the World Factbook to be currently at 2.5 million residents in the metropolitan area of Lusaka. Much of Zambia's population is concentrated around Lusaka in the south and the Copperbelt Province in the northwest. Zambia is one of the most urbanized countries in sub-Saharan Africa with 44% of the population in a few urban areas while rural areas remain sparsely populated.
The original inhabitants of Zambia were the Khoisan people. The region was eventually colonized during a Bantu expansion in the 13th century. There are now 72 ethnic groups in Zambia, most of which speak Bantu.
Nearly 90% of Zambians belong to one of 9 ethnolinguistic groups: Nyanja-Chewa, Bemba, Tonga, Tumbuka, Lunda, Luvale, Kaonde, Lozi, and Nkoya. The ethnic composition of Zambia in 2003 was: Bemba (22%), Tonga (11%), Lozi (5.2%), Nsenga (5.1%), Tumbuka (4.3%), Ngoni (3.8%), Chewa (3%), white (1%), and others (45%).
Expatriates, most of which are from South Africa and the United Kingdom, are mostly in Lusaka and the Copperbelt. While there were 70,000 Europeans in the country in 1964, most have left. There is also a small population of Indians and Chinese. It is estimated that 80,000 Chinese live in Zambia, with 13,000 Indians.
There are about 89,000 asylum seekers and refugees in Zambia, most of which came from the Democratic Republic of Congo (47,000), Angola (27,000), Zimbabwe (5,000) and Rwanda (5,000).
The median age in Zambia is only 16.8 years of age, with a total life expectancy of 52.7 years. This ranks Zambia's population as the 6th youngest for median age in the world. In addition, Zambia also ranks at number 8 for its fertility rate of 5.63 children per woman.
In terms of access to clean drinking water and improved sanitation facilities, the Zambia population is seeing a considerable struggle. Approximately 65% of the population has the ability to gain clean drinking water, while only 43.9% have access to improved sanitation. Risk of infectious disease is high here, and HIV/AIDS is quite prevalent as well, currently affecting 1.1 million people in Zambia alone.
Zambia Religion, Economy and Politics
The Zambian constitution written in 1996 declares Zambia as a Christian nation, but also provides for religious freedom within the country- however, all religious groups are required to register with the government. 75% of Zambians are Protestant,20% are Roman Catholic, and the rest of the population largely practices indigenous beliefs.
Zambia is considered a middle-income nation but has been experiencing a lot of economic growth in recent years. Unfortunately, any surpluses have not been distributed to low-income people, making it one of the countries with the highest economic inequality in the world, with 58% of the population below the poverty line. Zambia's biggest industry is in copper production.
Zambia Population History
Zambia was solely inhabited by indigenous people until the arrival of Portuguese explorers in the late 18th century. There was over a century of general instability because of migration and slave-trade happening with the Portuguese and Arabs.
Britain took control of the country in 1889 and in the 1920s, huge copper supplies were discovered in Zambia, causing an influx of Europeans. Zambia finally became an independent nation in 1964. In December of 2000 60,000 refugees from the DR Congo sought refuge in Zambia in less than one week. The overall health of the nation has been steadily decreasing since the 1970s, largely due to AIDS.
Zambia Population Growth
Zambia is currently growing at a rate that is unsustainable and placing a serious burden on housing, water, sanitation, healthcare, and energy. The country is large in terms of area but is not equipped to handle growth rates like the annual 3% raise they are experiencing, which is largely due to extremely high fertility rates. Efforts are being made to bring more education to young people about family planning, but it has yet to make much of a difference.
Zambia Population Projections
Like many Sub-Saharan African countries, Zambia is experiencing out of control growth that is expected to continue for years to come. In fact, the United Nations predicted that the population of Zambia will increase by 941% by the end of the 21st century- a larger increase than any country in the world is expected to have. The annual growth rate is expected to slow somewhat, but the change in population will still be huge. Current projections say that the population of Zambia will be 18,679,273 in 2020, 24,859,376 in 2030, 32,326,616 by 2040, and 41 million by 2050.
Components of Population Change
|One birth every 50 seconds|
|One death every 5 minutes|
|One net migrant every 65 minutes|
|Net gain of one person every 1 minutes|