Zambia Population 2017

17,131,390

Zambia, officially the Republic of Zambia, is a landlocked country in Southern Africa bordered by Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Angola. The estimated 2017 population of Zambia is 17.09 million, which ranks 70th in the world.

Zambia's estimated population is 17.09 million, based on a 2012 estimate of 14.3 million and a high 3.3% annual growth rate. While it is the 30th largest country, Zambia is not densely populated with just 17 people per square kilometer (44/sq mi), which ranks 191st in the world.

The capital and largest city is Lusaka, with a population estimated at 1.7 million in 2010, but which is surely higher today. Much of Zambia's population is concentrated around Lusaka in the south and the Copperbelt Province in the northwest. Zambia is one of the most urbanized countries in sub-Saharan Africa with 44% of the population in a few urban areas while rural areas remain sparsely populated.

Zambia Demographics

The original inhabitants of Zambia were the Khoisan people. The region was eventually colonized during a Bantu expansion in the 13th century. There are now 72 ethnic groups in Zambia, most of which speak Bantu.

Nearly 90% of Zambians belong to one of 9 ethnolinguistic groups: Nyanja-Chewa, Bemba, Tonga, Tumbuka, Lunda, Luvale, Kaonde, Lozi, and Nkoya. The ethnic composition of Zambia in 2003 was: Bemba (22%), Tonga (11%), Lozi (5.2%), Nsenga (5.1%), Tumbuka (4.3%), Ngoni (3.8%), Chewa (3%), white (1%), and others (45%).

Expatriates, most of which are from South Africa and the United Kingdom, are mostly in Lusaka and the Copperbelt. While there were 70,000 Europeans in the country in 1964, most have left. There is also a small population of Indians and Chinese. It is estimated that 80,000 Chinese live in Zambia, with 13,000 Indians.

There are about 89,000 asylum seekers and refugees in Zambia, most of which came from the Democratic Republic of Congo (47,000), Angola (27,000), Zimbabwe (5,000) and Rwanda (5,000).

Zambia Population in 2018Source: Lighton Phiri

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Zambia Population Growth

Zambia's population is currently growing at a rate 3.2% per year. The country has one of the highest fertility rates in the world at 6.2 births per woman. While the HIV prevalence in Zambia has declined, it is still at 13.5% among adults.

About Zambia

Official NameRepublic of Zambia
Languages SpokenEnglish
BordersAGO, BWA, COD, MWI, MOZ, NAM, TZA, ZWE
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude-1530
Currencies UsedZMW

Zambia Population Density

Name Population
Lusaka1,267,440
Kitwe400,914
Ndola394,518
Kabwe188,979
Chingola148,564
Mufulira120,500
Luanshya113,365
Livingstone109,203
Kasama91,056
Chipata85,963
Kalulushi66,575
Mazabuka64,006
Chililabombwe57,328
Mongu52,534
Kafue47,554
Choma46,746
Mansa42,277
Kansanshi40,705
Kapiri Mposhi37,942
Monze30,257
Mpika28,445
Nchelenge23,693
Kawambwa20,589
Mbala20,570
Samfya20,470
Sesheke20,149
Petauke19,296
Mumbwa19,086
Siavonga18,638
Kaoma14,212
Chinsali14,015
Kataba14,000
Mwinilunga13,798
Isoka13,122
Mkushi12,306
Maamba12,251
Lundazi11,635
Sinazongwe11,528
Chambishi11,073
Nakonde10,652
Nakambala10,425
Senanga10,005
Mpongwe8,997
Serenje8,779
Mpulungu8,547
Kalabo7,731
Kalengwa7,574
Limulunga7,461
Zambezi7,074
Mungwi6,821
Kabompo6,592
Luwingu6,161
Mufumbwe6,155
Chongwe6,057
Kasempa5,622
Solwezi4,846

Zambia Population Clock

What is the population of Zambia (as of 11/15/2017)?17,131,390
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)17,094,130
Births Per Day369
Deaths Per Day77
Net Migrations Per Day -22
Net Change Per Day 270
Population Change Since January 1st86,130

Zambia Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 38.985 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 8.092 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.456 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 62.04 years
Male Life Expectancy 59.823 years
Female Life Expectancy 64.309 years
Total Fertility Rate 5.165 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 2.222 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 47.036 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 68.886 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.796 years
Rate of Natural Increase 30.895
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 19.546%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 21.78%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 17.229%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 33.793%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 37.874%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 29.464%
Median Age (Total) 16.7 years
Median Age (Female) 16.9 years
Median Age (Male) 16.6 years

Zambia Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
201717,094,13049.62%50.38%233.04%
201516,100,58749.62%50.38%213.06%
201013,850,03349.56%50.44%182.82%
200512,052,15649.51%50.49%162.73%
200010,531,22149.45%50.55%142.88%
19959,137,07749.48%50.52%122.62%
19908,027,25349.56%50.44%112.91%
19856,955,21249.64%50.36%93.38%
19805,889,23049.69%50.31%83.47%
19754,964,83149.68%50.32%73.53%
19704,173,92849.69%50.31%63.21%
19653,563,40749.68%50.33%53.20%
19603,044,84649.67%50.33%42.94%
19552,634,46449.70%50.30%42.66%
19502,310,44249.78%50.22%30.00%

Zambia Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
202018,679,27349.62%50.38%250.00%
202521,593,82549.61%50.39%292.94%
203024,859,37649.63%50.37%332.86%
203528,441,39949.65%50.35%382.73%
204032,326,61649.68%50.32%432.59%
204536,516,65749.72%50.28%492.47%
205041,000,82249.74%50.26%542.34%
205545,763,65549.76%50.24%612.22%
206050,751,28649.78%50.22%672.09%
206555,936,13849.79%50.21%741.96%
207061,285,79149.79%50.21%811.84%
207566,770,85349.79%50.21%891.73%
208072,345,81349.79%50.21%961.62%
208577,948,30349.79%50.21%1041.50%
209083,524,92049.78%50.22%1111.39%
209589,027,86749.77%50.23%1181.28%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer