Zambia Population 2017

17,257,911

Zambia's estimated population is 15.2 million, based on a 2012 estimate of 14.3 million and a high 3.3% annual growth rate. While it is the 30th largest country, Zambia is not densely populated with just 17 people per square kilometer (44/sq mi), which ranks 191st in the world.

The capital and largest city is Lusaka, with a population estimated at 1.7 million in 2010, but which is surely higher today. Much of Zambia's population is concentrated around Lusaka in the south and the Copperbelt Province in the northwest. Zambia is one of the most urbanized countries in sub-Saharan Africa with 44% of the population in a few urban areas while rural areas remain sparsely populated.

Zambia Demographics

The original inhabitants of Zambia were the Khoisan people. The region was eventually colonized during a Bantu expansion in the 13th century. There are now 72 ethnic groups in Zambia, most of which speak Bantu.

Nearly 90% of Zambians belong to one of 9 ethnolinguistic groups: Nyanja-Chewa, Bemba, Tonga, Tumbuka, Lunda, Luvale, Kaonde, Lozi, and Nkoya. The ethnic composition of Zambia in 2003 was: Bemba (22%), Tonga (11%), Lozi (5.2%), Nsenga (5.1%), Tumbuka (4.3%), Ngoni (3.8%), Chewa (3%), white (1%), and others (45%).

Expatriates, most of which are from South Africa and the United Kingdom, are mostly in Lusaka and the Copperbelt. While there were 70,000 Europeans in the country in 1964, most have left. There is also a small population of Indians and Chinese. It is estimated that 80,000 Chinese live in Zambia, with 13,000 Indians.

There are about 89,000 asylum seekers and refugees in Zambia, most of which came from the Democratic Republic of Congo (47,000), Angola (27,000), Zimbabwe (5,000) and Rwanda (5,000).

Zambia Population in 2017Source: Lighton Phiri

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Zambia Population Growth

Zambia's population is currently growing at a rate 3.2% per year. The country has one of the highest fertility rates in the world at 6.2 births per woman. While the HIV prevalence in Zambia has declined, it is still at 13.5% among adults.

About Zambia

Official NameRepublic of Zambia
Languages SpokenEnglish
BordersAGO, BWA, COD, MWI, MOZ, NAM, TZA, ZWE
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude-1530
Currencies UsedZMW

Zambia Population Density

Name Population
Solwezi4,846
Kasempa5,622
Chongwe6,057
Mufumbwe6,155
Luwingu6,161
Kabompo6,592
Mungwi6,821
Zambezi7,074
Limulunga7,461
Kalengwa7,574
Kalabo7,731
Mpulungu8,547
Serenje8,779
Mpongwe8,997
Senanga10,005
Nakambala10,425
Nakonde10,652
Chambishi11,073
Sinazongwe11,528
Lundazi11,635
Maamba12,251
Mkushi12,306
Isoka13,122
Mwinilunga13,798
Kataba14,000
Chinsali14,015
Kaoma14,212
Siavonga18,638
Mumbwa19,086
Petauke19,296
Sesheke20,149
Samfya20,470
Mbala20,570
Kawambwa20,589
Nchelenge23,693
Mpika28,445
Monze30,257
Kapiri Mposhi37,942
Kansanshi40,705
Mansa42,277
Choma46,746
Kafue47,554
Mongu52,534
Chililabombwe57,328
Mazabuka64,006
Kalulushi66,575
Chipata85,963
Kasama91,056
Livingstone109,203
Luanshya113,365
Mufulira120,500
Chingola148,564
Kabwe188,979
Ndola394,518
Kitwe400,914
Lusaka1,267,440

Zambia Population Clock

What is the population of Zambia (as of September 13, 2017)?17,257,911
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)17237931
Births Per Day369
Deaths Per Day77
Net Migrations Per Day -22
Net Change Per Day 270
Population Change Since January 1st68,850

Zambia Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 38.985 births/thousand10
Crude Death Rate 8.092 deaths/thousand80
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.456 people/thousand101
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 62.04 years173
Male Life Expectancy 59.823 years178
Female Life Expectancy 64.309 years172
Total Fertility Rate 5.165 children/woman13
Net Reproduction Rate 2.222 surviving daughters/woman10
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female160
Infant Mortality Rate 47.036 deaths/1,000 live births34
Under Five Mortality 68.886 deaths/thousand34
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.796 years116
Rate of Natural Increase 30.895 9
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 19.546 %181
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 21.78 %183
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 17.229 %177
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 33.793 %180
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 37.874 %184
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 29.464 %175
Crude Suicide Rate 9.6 suicides/thousand68
Median Age (Total) 16.7 years210
Median Age (Female) 16.9 years210
Median Age (Male) 16.6 years208

Zambia Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
201717,237,93149.919%50.081%231863.06%66
201516,211,76749.925%50.075%211873.07%68
201013,917,43849.885%50.115%181893.02%71
200512,043,59149.798%50.202%161912.77%71
200010,585,22049.666%50.334%141902.57%73
19959,253,52749.593%50.407%121922.65%79
19908,143,14249.602%50.398%101952.64%81
19857,017,29149.651%50.349%91943.16%82
19805,929,49649.7%50.3%71983.46%86
19754,983,01749.687%50.313%61963.5%89
19704,185,37749.688%50.312%51953.42%95
19653,559,68749.675%50.325%41963.16%97
19603,049,58649.672%50.328%41923.01%98
19552,643,90649.707%50.293%31972.77%100
19502,316,95049.786%50.214%31922.52%102

Zambia Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
202018,882,33349.902%50.098%251832.99%63
202521,892,48749.886%50.114%291802.93%62
203025,312,54249.833%50.167%341792.86%61
203529,141,27049.766%50.234%391752.76%60
204033,371,41049.701%50.299%441712.64%58
204537,990,35949.646%50.354%511642.52%54
205042,975,31649.6%50.4%571612.38%50
205548,282,26349.567%50.433%641572.25%45
206053,885,18549.551%50.449%721552.12%43
206559,754,17449.543%50.457%801512%38
207065,870,25749.542%50.458%881381.88%34
207572,181,72049.547%50.453%971281.76%31
208078,652,45149.556%50.444%1051211.65%29
208585,212,02549.563%50.437%1141201.54%28
209091,808,47949.569%50.431%1231141.43%25
209598,379,63449.574%50.426%1321101.32%25
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations