Zambia Population 2016

[[getCurrentPopulation()]]

Zambia, officially the Republic of Zambia, is a landlocked country in Southern Africa bordered by Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Angola. The estimated 2014 population of Zambia is 15,021,002, which ranks 70th in the world.

Zambia's estimated population is 15.2 million, based on a 2012 estimate of 14.3 million and a high 3.3% annual growth rate. While it is the 30th largest country, Zambia is not densely populated with just 17 people per square kilometer (44/sq mi), which ranks 191st in the world.

The capital and largest city is Lusaka, with a population estimated at 1.7 million in 2010, but which is surely higher today. Much of Zambia's population is concentrated around Lusaka in the south and the Copperbelt Province in the northwest. Zambia is one of the most urbanized countries in sub-Saharan Africa with 44% of the population in a few urban areas while rural areas remain sparsely populated.

Zambia Demographics

The original inhabitants of Zambia were the Khoisan people. The region was eventually colonized during a Bantu expansion in the 13th century. There are now 72 ethnic groups in Zambia, most of which speak Bantu.

Nearly 90% of Zambians belong to one of 9 ethnolinguistic groups: Nyanja-Chewa, Bemba, Tonga, Tumbuka, Lunda, Luvale, Kaonde, Lozi, and Nkoya. The ethnic composition of Zambia in 2003 was: Bemba (22%), Tonga (11%), Lozi (5.2%), Nsenga (5.1%), Tumbuka (4.3%), Ngoni (3.8%), Chewa (3%), white (1%), and others (45%).

Expatriates, most of which are from South Africa and the United Kingdom, are mostly in Lusaka and the Copperbelt. While there were 70,000 Europeans in the country in 1964, most have left. There is also a small population of Indians and Chinese. It is estimated that 80,000 Chinese live in Zambia, with 13,000 Indians.

There are about 89,000 asylum seekers and refugees in Zambia, most of which came from the Democratic Republic of Congo (47,000), Angola (27,000), Zimbabwe (5,000) and Rwanda (5,000).

Zambia  Population in 2016 Source: Lighton Phiri

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Zambia Population Growth

Zambia's population is currently growing at a rate 3.2% per year. The country has one of the highest fertility rates in the world at 6.2 births per woman. While the HIV prevalence in Zambia has declined, it is still at 13.5% among adults.

Zambia Population Density

About Zambia

Official Name Republic of Zambia
Languages Spoken English
Borders AGO, BWA, COD, MWI, MOZ, NAM, TZA, ZWE
Is Landlocked Yes
Latitude/Longitude -15,30
Currencies Used ZMW

Zambia Population Clock

What is the population of Zambia (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2016) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 361
Deaths Per Day 77
Net Migrations Per Day -22
Net Change Per Day 262
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Zambia Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 39.323 births/thousand 10th
Crude Death Rate 8.362 deaths/thousand 76th
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.456 people/thousand 101st
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 61.473 years 175th
Life Expectancy (Male) 59.345 years 178th
Life Expectancy (Female) 63.645 years 172nd
Total Fertility Rate 5.223 children/woman 14th
Net Reproduction Rate 2.222 surviving daughters/woman 10th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female 160th
Infant Mortality Rate 48.627 deaths/1,000 live births 33rd
Under Five Mortality 71.651 deaths/thousand 32nd
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.796 years 116th
Rate of Natural Increase 30.895 9th
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 19.546% 181st
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 21.78% 183rd
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 17.229% 177th
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 33.793% 181st
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 37.874% 183rd
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 29.464% 177th
Crude Suicide Rate 9.6 suicides/thousand 68th
Median Age (Total) 16.7 years 210th
Median Age (Female) 16.9 years 210th
Median Age (Male) 16.6 years 208th

Zambia Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2016 16,717,331 49.923% 50.077% 22 187 3.07% 67
2015 16,211,767 49.925% 50.075% 21 187 3.07% 68
2010 13,917,438 49.885% 50.115% 18 189 3.02% 71
2005 12,043,591 49.798% 50.202% 16 191 2.77% 71
2000 10,585,220 49.666% 50.334% 14 190 2.57% 73
1995 9,253,527 49.593% 50.407% 12 192 2.65% 79
1990 8,143,142 49.602% 50.398% 10 195 2.64% 81
1985 7,017,291 49.651% 50.349% 9 194 3.16% 82
1980 5,929,496 49.7% 50.3% 7 198 3.46% 86
1975 4,983,017 49.687% 50.313% 6 196 3.5% 89
1970 4,185,377 49.688% 50.312% 5 195 3.42% 95
1965 3,559,687 49.675% 50.325% 4 196 3.16% 97
1960 3,049,586 49.672% 50.328% 4 192 3.01% 98
1955 2,643,906 49.707% 50.293% 3 197 2.77% 100
1950 2,316,950 49.786% 50.214% 3 192 2.52% 102

Zambia Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 18,882,333 49.902% 50.098% 25 183 2.99% 63
2025 21,892,487 49.886% 50.114% 29 180 2.93% 62
2030 25,312,542 49.833% 50.167% 34 179 2.86% 61
2035 29,141,270 49.766% 50.234% 39 175 2.76% 60
2040 33,371,410 49.701% 50.299% 44 171 2.64% 58
2045 37,990,359 49.646% 50.354% 51 164 2.52% 54
2050 42,975,316 49.6% 50.4% 57 161 2.38% 50
2055 48,282,263 49.567% 50.433% 64 157 2.25% 45
2060 53,885,185 49.551% 50.449% 72 155 2.12% 43
2065 59,754,174 49.543% 50.457% 80 151 2% 38
2070 65,870,257 49.542% 50.458% 88 138 1.88% 34
2075 72,181,720 49.547% 50.453% 97 128 1.76% 31
2080 78,652,451 49.556% 50.444% 105 121 1.65% 29
2085 85,212,025 49.563% 50.437% 114 120 1.54% 28
2090 91,808,479 49.569% 50.431% 123 114 1.43% 25
2095 98,379,634 49.574% 50.426% 132 110 1.32% 25
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations