Zimbabwe Population 2017

16,548,258

Zimbabwe is a landlocked country in southern Africa bordered by South Africa to the south. There are 16 official languages in Zimbabwe. The 2017 population is estimated at 16.53 million, an increase from the 2013 estimate of 14.09 million, and the country ranks 71st in the world. It's also relatively sparsely populated with only 26 people per square kilometer.

In 2006, Zimbabwe had the lowest life expectancy in the world, and an alarming HIV rate. It's estimated 14% of people between 15-49 are infected, with 21% of women infected with HIV.

Bantu-speaking ethnic groups account for 98% of Zimbabwe's population. The largest group is the Shona, comprising 70%, followed by the Ndebele at 20%. The Ndebele are descendants of the Zulu migrations during the 19th century and the tribes with which they intermarried. It's estimated that about 1 million Ndebele have left Zimbabwe in the last 5 years. There are also other Bantu ethnic groups, including Venda, Tonga, Shangaan, Nambya and Kalanga.

White Zimbabweans account for less than 1% of the country's population, and most are of British origin with small numbers of Greek, Portuguese, French and Dutch. In 1975, the white population reached a peak at 4.3%. Mixed race people account for 0.5% of the population.

Zimbabwe has only one city with a population over 1 million: Harare, with 1.56 million people. The next largest city is Bulawayo at 703,000. By 2020, it's estimated Zimbabwe's population will exceed 15 million.

Zimbabwe Population in 2018Source: Andrew Balet

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Zimbabwe Population Growth

About Zimbabwe

Official NameRepublic of Zimbabwe
Languages SpokenTswana, Tsonga, English, Xhosa, Ndau, Shona, Northern Ndebele, Kalanga, Khoisan, Tonga, Zimbabwean Sign Language, Sotho, Chibarwe, Venda, Chewa
BordersBWA, MOZ, ZAF, ZMB
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude-2030
Currencies UsedZWL

Zimbabwe Population Density

Name Population
Harare1,542,813
Bulawayo699,385
Chitungwiza340,360
Mutare184,205
Gweru146,073
Epworth123,250
Kwekwe99,149
Kadoma79,174
Masvingo76,290
Chinhoyi61,739
Marondera57,082
Norton52,054
Chegutu47,294
Bindura37,423
Zvishavane35,896
Victoria Falls35,761
Hwange33,210
Redcliff33,197
Rusape29,292
Chiredzi28,205
Beitbridge26,459
Kariba25,531
Karoi25,030
Gokwe18,942
Chipinge18,860
Shurugwi17,075
Gwanda14,450
Mashava12,994
Chivhu10,369
Shamva10,317
Mazowe9,966
Glendale9,768
Banket9,641
Mutoko9,532
Murehwa8,559
Inyati8,402
Mvurwi7,970
Penhalonga7,681
Mhangura6,503
Chakari6,472
Mount Darwin6,349
Lupane1,200

Zimbabwe Population Clock

What is the population of Zimbabwe (as of 11/15/2017)?16,548,258
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)16,529,904
Births Per Day294
Deaths Per Day72
Net Migrations Per Day -89
Net Change Per Day 133
Population Change Since January 1st42,427

Zimbabwe Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 32.921 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 8.024 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -1.975 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 61.742 years
Male Life Expectancy 60.142 years
Female Life Expectancy 63.334 years
Total Fertility Rate 3.702 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.604 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.02 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 39.837 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 56.819 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 27.657 years
Rate of Natural Increase 24.566
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 18.923%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 20.115%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 17.71%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 35.36%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 37.696%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 33.026%
Median Age (Total) 20.6 years
Median Age (Female) 20.8 years
Median Age (Male) 20.5 years

Zimbabwe Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
201716,529,90448.71%51.29%422.36%
201515,777,45148.66%51.33%402.29%
201014,086,31748.69%51.31%361.71%
200512,940,03248.80%51.20%331.15%
200012,222,25149.15%50.85%311.54%
199511,320,34649.36%50.64%292.14%
199010,183,11349.63%50.37%263.30%
19858,658,85749.68%50.32%223.86%
19807,164,17249.63%50.37%183.22%
19756,115,37049.80%50.20%163.39%
19705,175,61849.82%50.18%133.25%
19654,410,21249.86%50.14%113.31%
19603,747,36949.86%50.14%103.20%
19553,202,01549.86%50.14%83.11%
19502,746,85249.86%50.14%70.00%

Zimbabwe Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
202017,680,46548.79%51.21%450.00%
202519,571,15448.91%51.09%502.05%
203021,526,86149.02%50.98%551.92%
203523,556,02649.11%50.89%601.82%
204025,625,98149.19%50.81%661.70%
204527,678,33049.24%50.76%711.55%
205029,658,75049.26%50.74%761.39%
205531,516,72549.25%50.75%811.22%
206033,226,22249.24%50.76%851.06%
206534,774,98149.22%50.78%890.92%
207036,164,17249.20%50.80%930.79%
207537,386,60449.17%50.83%960.67%
208038,425,11249.13%50.87%980.55%
208539,274,60549.10%50.90%1010.44%
209039,930,17049.05%50.95%1020.33%
209540,397,61549.01%50.99%1030.23%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer