Zimbabwe Population 2019

17,282,935

Zimbabwe is a landlocked country in southern Africa bordered by South Africa to the south. There are 16 official languages in Zimbabwe. The 2019 population is estimated at 17.30 million, an increase from the 2013 estimate of 14.09 million, and the country ranks 68th in the world.

Zimbabwe Area and Population Density

The total surface of area of Zimbabwe is approximately 390,757 km². In combination with it's relatively small size, its also relatively sparsely populated with only 43.28 individuals per km².

Zimbabwe Quality of Life

In 2006, Zimbabwe had the lowest life expectancy in the world, and an alarming HIV rate. It's estimated 14% of people between 15-49 are infected, with 21% of women infected with HIV. The access to clean drinking water has been improved for 96.1% of the population. In terms of improved sanitation facility access, only 85.2% has improved access. 94.5% of the population is literate, with a national expenditure of 5.3% of the GDP. 37.9% of the population in Zimbabwe lives in extreme poverty.

Zimbabwe Demographics

Bantu-speaking ethnic groups account for 98% of Zimbabwe's population. The largest group is the Shona, comprising 70%, followed by the Ndebele at 20%. The Ndebele are descendants of the Zulu migrations during the 19th century and the tribes with which they intermarried. It's estimated that about 1 million Ndebele have left Zimbabwe in the last 5 years. There are also other Bantu ethnic groups, including Venda, Tonga, Shangaan, Nambya and Kalanga.

White Zimbabweans account for less than 1% of the country's population, and most are of British origin with small numbers of Greek, Portuguese, French and Dutch. In 1975, the white population reached a peak of 4.3%. Mixed race people account for 0.5% of the population.

Zimbabwe's Largest Cities

Zimbabwe has only one city with a population over 1 million: Harare, with 1.56 million people. The next largest city is Bulawayo at 703,000. By 2020, it's estimated Zimbabwe's population will exceed 15 million.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 59 seconds
One death every 4 minutes
One net migrant every 27 minutes
Net gain of one person every 1 minutes

Zimbabwe Population in 2018Source: By Vberger (Transfered from fr.wikipedia.org) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Official NameRepublic of Zimbabwe
Languages SpokenChibarwe, English, Kalanga, Khoisan, Ndau, Northern Ndebele, Chewa, Shona, Sotho, Tonga, Tswana, Tsonga, Venda, Xhosa, Zimbabwean Sign Language
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude-2030
Currencies UsedZWL
DemonymZimbabwean
Name Population Location
Harare1,542,813Map
Bulawayo699,385Map
Chitungwiza340,360Map
Mutare184,205Map
Gweru146,073Map
Epworth123,250Map
Kwekwe99,149Map
Kadoma79,174Map
Masvingo76,290Map
Chinhoyi61,739Map
Marondera57,082Map
Norton52,054Map
Chegutu47,294Map
Bindura37,423Map
Zvishavane35,896Map
Victoria Falls35,761Map
Hwange33,210Map
Redcliff33,197Map
Ruwa30,000Map
Rusape29,292Map

Zimbabwe Population Clock

The population of Zimbabwe (as of 6/16/2019)?17,282,935
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2019)17,297,495
Births Per Day1,455
Deaths Per Day362
Net Migrations Per Day -53
Net Change Per Day 1,040
Population Change Since January 1st173,680

Zimbabwe Population Estimator

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Estimate as of June 16th 2019 is: 17,281,705

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201917,297,49548.76%51.24%44.27682.27%
201816,913,26148.73%51.27%43.28692.32%
201716,529,90448.71%51.29%42.30702.35%
201616,150,36248.68%51.32%41.33702.36%
201515,777,45148.66%51.33%40.38702.29%
201014,086,31748.69%51.31%36.05701.71%
200512,940,03248.80%51.20%33.12691.15%
200012,222,25149.15%50.85%31.28641.54%
199511,320,34649.36%50.64%28.97642.14%
199010,183,11349.63%50.37%26.06693.30%
19858,658,85749.68%50.32%22.16733.86%
19807,164,17249.63%50.37%18.33763.22%
19756,115,37049.80%50.20%15.65803.39%
19705,175,61849.82%50.18%13.25813.25%
19654,410,21249.86%50.14%11.29833.31%
19603,747,36949.86%50.14%9.59873.20%
19553,202,01549.86%50.14%8.19913.11%
19502,746,85249.86%50.14%7.03920.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202017,680,46548.79%51.21%45.25680.00%
202519,571,15448.91%51.09%50.09672.05%
203021,526,86149.02%50.98%55.09651.92%
203523,556,02649.11%50.89%60.28661.82%
204025,625,98149.19%50.81%65.58651.70%
204527,678,33049.24%50.76%70.83641.55%
205029,658,75049.26%50.74%75.90641.39%
205531,516,72549.25%50.75%80.66631.22%
206033,226,22249.24%50.76%85.03631.06%
206534,774,98149.22%50.78%88.99620.92%
207036,164,17249.20%50.80%92.55630.79%
207537,386,60449.17%50.83%95.68630.67%
208038,425,11249.13%50.87%98.34620.55%
208539,274,60549.10%50.90%100.51610.44%
209039,930,17049.05%50.95%102.19620.33%
209540,397,61549.01%50.99%103.38610.23%
  1. Central Statistical Office of Zimbabwe
  2. Central Statistical Office of Zimbabwe
  3. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1982, 1992, 2002 and 2012 censuses adjusted for underenumeration, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  4. GeoNames Gazetteer