Zimbabwe Population 2018
Zimbabwe is a landlocked country in southern Africa bordered by South Africa to the south. There are 16 official languages in Zimbabwe. The 2018 population is estimated at 16.91 million, an increase from the 2013 estimate of 14.09 million, and the country ranks 71st in the world.
Zimbabwe Area and Population Density
The total surface of area of Zimbabwe is approximately 390,757 km². In combination with it's relatively small size, it's also relatively sparsely populated with only 43.28 individuals per km².
Zimbabwe Quality of Life
In 2006, Zimbabwe had the lowest life expectancy in the world, and an alarming HIV rate. It's estimated 14% of people between 15-49 are infected, with 21% of women infected with HIV. The access to clean drinking water has been improved for 96.1% of the population. In terms of improved sanitation facility access, only 85.2% has improved access. 94.5% of the population is literate, with a national expenditure of 5.3% of the GDP. 37.9% of the population in Zimbabwe lives in extreme poverty.
Bantu-speaking ethnic groups account for 98% of Zimbabwe's population. The largest group is the Shona, comprising 70%, followed by the Ndebele at 20%. The Ndebele are descendants of the Zulu migrations during the 19th century and the tribes with which they intermarried. It's estimated that about 1 million Ndebele have left Zimbabwe in the last 5 years. There are also other Bantu ethnic groups, including Venda, Tonga, Shangaan, Nambya and Kalanga.
White Zimbabweans account for less than 1% of the country's population, and most are of British origin with small numbers of Greek, Portuguese, French and Dutch. In 1975, the white population reached a peak at 4.3%. Mixed race people account for 0.5% of the population.
Zimbabwe's Largest Cities
Zimbabwe has only one city with a population over 1 million: Harare, with 1.56 million people. The next largest city is Bulawayo at 703,000. By 2020, it's estimated Zimbabwe's population will exceed 15 million.
Components of Population Change
|One birth every 59 seconds|
|One death every 4 minutes|
|One net migrant every 26 minutes|
|Net gain of one person every 1 minutes|