Zimbabwe Population 2018

16,770,507

Zimbabwe is a landlocked country in southern Africa bordered by South Africa to the south. There are 16 official languages in Zimbabwe. The 2018 population is estimated at 16.91 million, an increase from the 2013 estimate of 14.09 million, and the country ranks 71st in the world. It's also relatively sparsely populated with only 26 people per square kilometer.

In 2006, Zimbabwe had the lowest life expectancy in the world, and an alarming HIV rate. It's estimated 14% of people between 15-49 are infected, with 21% of women infected with HIV.

Bantu-speaking ethnic groups account for 98% of Zimbabwe's population. The largest group is the Shona, comprising 70%, followed by the Ndebele at 20%. The Ndebele are descendants of the Zulu migrations during the 19th century and the tribes with which they intermarried. It's estimated that about 1 million Ndebele have left Zimbabwe in the last 5 years. There are also other Bantu ethnic groups, including Venda, Tonga, Shangaan, Nambya and Kalanga.

White Zimbabweans account for less than 1% of the country's population, and most are of British origin with small numbers of Greek, Portuguese, French and Dutch. In 1975, the white population reached a peak at 4.3%. Mixed race people account for 0.5% of the population.

Zimbabwe has only one city with a population over 1 million: Harare, with 1.56 million people. The next largest city is Bulawayo at 703,000. By 2020, it's estimated Zimbabwe's population will exceed 15 million.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 59 seconds
One death every 4 minutes
One net migrant every 26 minutes
Net gain of one person every 1 minutes

Zimbabwe Population in 2018Source: Andrew Balet

Zimbabwe Population Pyramid 2018

0k50k100k150k200k250kZimbabwe Male Population0k50k100k150k200k250kZimbabwe Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Zimbabwe Median Age

20.6


Total

20.5


Male

20.8


Female

Zimbabwe Population by Age

There are 8,659,983 adults in Zimbabwe.

About Zimbabwe

Official NameRepublic of Zimbabwe
Languages SpokenChibarwe, English, Kalanga, Khoisan, Ndau, Northern Ndebele, Chewa, Shona, Sotho, Tonga, Tswana, Tsonga, Venda, Xhosa, Zimbabwean Sign Language
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude-2030
Currencies UsedZWL
DemonymZimbabwean

Countries Bordering Zimbabwe

Botswana
Mozambique
South Africa
Zambia

Zimbabwe Population Density

Zimbabwe Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Harare1,542,813
Bulawayo699,385
Chitungwiza340,360
Mutare184,205
Gweru146,073
Epworth123,250
Kwekwe99,149
Kadoma79,174
Masvingo76,290
Chinhoyi61,739
Marondera57,082
Norton52,054
Chegutu47,294
Bindura37,423
Zvishavane35,896
Victoria Falls35,761
Hwange33,210
Redcliff33,197
Rusape29,292
Chiredzi28,205

Zimbabwe Population Clock

The population of Zimbabwe (as of 2/13/2018)?16,770,507
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)16,913,261
Births Per Day1,454
Deaths Per Day357
Net Migrations Per Day -55
Net Change Per Day 1,042
Population Change Since January 1st45,848

Zimbabwe Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 31.747 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 7.801 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -1.196 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 61.92 years
Male Life Expectancy 59.91 years
Female Life Expectancy 63.77 years
Total Fertility Rate 3.626 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.611 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.02 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 41.345 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 58.23 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 27.794 years
Rate of Natural Increase 23.946

Zimbabwe Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201816,913,26148.73%51.27%43.28692.32%
201716,529,90448.71%51.29%42.30702.35%
201616,150,36248.68%51.32%41.33702.36%
201515,777,45148.66%51.33%40.38702.29%
201014,086,31748.69%51.31%36.05701.71%
200512,940,03248.80%51.20%33.12691.15%
200012,222,25149.15%50.85%31.28641.54%
199511,320,34649.36%50.64%28.97642.14%
199010,183,11349.63%50.37%26.06693.30%
19858,658,85749.68%50.32%22.16733.86%
19807,164,17249.63%50.37%18.33763.22%
19756,115,37049.80%50.20%15.65803.39%
19705,175,61849.82%50.18%13.25813.25%
19654,410,21249.86%50.14%11.29833.31%
19603,747,36949.86%50.14%9.59873.20%
19553,202,01549.86%50.14%8.19913.11%
19502,746,85249.86%50.14%7.03920.00%

Zimbabwe Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202017,680,46548.79%51.21%45.25680.00%
202519,571,15448.91%51.09%50.09672.05%
203021,526,86149.02%50.98%55.09651.92%
203523,556,02649.11%50.89%60.28661.82%
204025,625,98149.19%50.81%65.58651.70%
204527,678,33049.24%50.76%70.83641.55%
205029,658,75049.26%50.74%75.90641.39%
205531,516,72549.25%50.75%80.66631.22%
206033,226,22249.24%50.76%85.03631.06%
206534,774,98149.22%50.78%88.99620.92%
207036,164,17249.20%50.80%92.55630.79%
207537,386,60449.17%50.83%95.68630.67%
208038,425,11249.13%50.87%98.34620.55%
208539,274,60549.10%50.90%100.51610.44%
209039,930,17049.05%50.95%102.19620.33%
209540,397,61549.01%50.99%103.38610.23%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer