Zimbabwe Population 2018

17,086,233

Zimbabwe is a landlocked country in southern Africa bordered by South Africa to the south. There are 16 official languages in Zimbabwe. The 2018 population is estimated at 16.91 million, an increase from the 2013 estimate of 14.09 million, and the country ranks 71st in the world.

Zimbabwe Area and Population Density

The total surface of area of Zimbabwe is approximately 390,757 km². In combination with it's relatively small size, it's also relatively sparsely populated with only 43.28 individuals per km².

Zimbabwe Quality of Life

In 2006, Zimbabwe had the lowest life expectancy in the world, and an alarming HIV rate. It's estimated 14% of people between 15-49 are infected, with 21% of women infected with HIV. The access to clean drinking water has been improved for 96.1% of the population. In terms of improved sanitation facility access, only 85.2% has improved access. 94.5% of the population is literate, with a national expenditure of 5.3% of the GDP. 37.9% of the population in Zimbabwe lives in extreme poverty.

Zimbabwe Demographics

Bantu-speaking ethnic groups account for 98% of Zimbabwe's population. The largest group is the Shona, comprising 70%, followed by the Ndebele at 20%. The Ndebele are descendants of the Zulu migrations during the 19th century and the tribes with which they intermarried. It's estimated that about 1 million Ndebele have left Zimbabwe in the last 5 years. There are also other Bantu ethnic groups, including Venda, Tonga, Shangaan, Nambya and Kalanga.

White Zimbabweans account for less than 1% of the country's population, and most are of British origin with small numbers of Greek, Portuguese, French and Dutch. In 1975, the white population reached a peak at 4.3%. Mixed race people account for 0.5% of the population.

Zimbabwe's Largest Cities

Zimbabwe has only one city with a population over 1 million: Harare, with 1.56 million people. The next largest city is Bulawayo at 703,000. By 2020, it's estimated Zimbabwe's population will exceed 15 million.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 59 seconds
One death every 4 minutes
One net migrant every 26 minutes
Net gain of one person every 1 minutes

Zimbabwe Population in 2018Source: By Vberger (Transfered from fr.wikipedia.org) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Zimbabwe Population Pyramid 2018

50,000100,000150,000200,000250,000Zimbabwe Male Population50,000100,000150,000200,000250,000Zimbabwe Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Zimbabwe Population by Age

There are 8,659,983 adults in Zimbabwe.

Census Years

Year Date
2022August 2022
201227 August 2012
200227 August 2002
199218 August 1992

About Zimbabwe

Official NameRepublic of Zimbabwe
Languages SpokenChibarwe, English, Kalanga, Khoisan, Ndau, Northern Ndebele, Chewa, Shona, Sotho, Tonga, Tswana, Tsonga, Venda, Xhosa, Zimbabwean Sign Language
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude-2030
Currencies UsedZWL
DemonymZimbabwean

Countries Bordering Zimbabwe

Botswana
Mozambique
South Africa
Zambia

Zimbabwe Population Density

Zimbabwe Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Harare1,542,813
Bulawayo699,385
Chitungwiza340,360
Mutare184,205
Gweru146,073
Epworth123,250
Kwekwe99,149
Kadoma79,174
Masvingo76,290
Chinhoyi61,739
Marondera57,082
Norton52,054
Chegutu47,294
Bindura37,423
Zvishavane35,896
Victoria Falls35,761
Hwange33,210
Redcliff33,197
Rusape29,292
Chiredzi28,205

Zimbabwe Population Clock

The population of Zimbabwe (as of 12/13/2018)?17,086,233
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)16,913,261
Births Per Day1,454
Deaths Per Day357
Net Migrations Per Day -55
Net Change Per Day 1,042
Population Change Since January 1st361,574

Zimbabwe Population Estimator

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Estimate as of December 13th 2018 is: 17,086,956

Zimbabwe Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201816,913,26148.73%51.27%43.28692.32%
201716,529,90448.71%51.29%42.30702.35%
201616,150,36248.68%51.32%41.33702.36%
201515,777,45148.66%51.33%40.38702.29%
201014,086,31748.69%51.31%36.05701.71%
200512,940,03248.80%51.20%33.12691.15%
200012,222,25149.15%50.85%31.28641.54%
199511,320,34649.36%50.64%28.97642.14%
199010,183,11349.63%50.37%26.06693.30%
19858,658,85749.68%50.32%22.16733.86%
19807,164,17249.63%50.37%18.33763.22%
19756,115,37049.80%50.20%15.65803.39%
19705,175,61849.82%50.18%13.25813.25%
19654,410,21249.86%50.14%11.29833.31%
19603,747,36949.86%50.14%9.59873.20%
19553,202,01549.86%50.14%8.19913.11%
19502,746,85249.86%50.14%7.03920.00%

Zimbabwe Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202017,680,46548.79%51.21%45.25680.00%
202519,571,15448.91%51.09%50.09672.05%
203021,526,86149.02%50.98%55.09651.92%
203523,556,02649.11%50.89%60.28661.82%
204025,625,98149.19%50.81%65.58651.70%
204527,678,33049.24%50.76%70.83641.55%
205029,658,75049.26%50.74%75.90641.39%
205531,516,72549.25%50.75%80.66631.22%
206033,226,22249.24%50.76%85.03631.06%
206534,774,98149.22%50.78%88.99620.92%
207036,164,17249.20%50.80%92.55630.79%
207537,386,60449.17%50.83%95.68630.67%
208038,425,11249.13%50.87%98.34620.55%
208539,274,60549.10%50.90%100.51610.44%
209039,930,17049.05%50.95%102.19620.33%
209540,397,61549.01%50.99%103.38610.23%
Data Sources
  1. Central Statistical Office of Zimbabwe
  2. Central Statistical Office of Zimbabwe
  3. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1982, 1992, 2002 and 2012 censuses adjusted for underenumeration, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  4. GeoNames Gazetteer