Zimbabwe Population 2017

16,347,602

In 2006, Zimbabwe had the lowest life expectancy in the world, and an alarming HIV rate. It's estimated 14% of people between 15-49 are infected, with 21% of women infected with HIV.

Bantu-speaking ethnic groups account for 98% of Zimbabwe's population. The largest group is the Shona, comprising 70%, followed by the Ndebele at 20%. The Ndebele are descendants of the Zulu migrations during the 19th century and the tribes with which they intermarried. It's estimated that about 1 million Ndebele have left Zimbabwe in the last 5 years. There are also other Bantu ethnic groups, including Venda, Tonga, Shangaan, Nambya and Kalanga.

White Zimbabweans account for less than 1% of the country's population, and most are of British origin with small numbers of Greek, Portuguese, French and Dutch. In 1975, the white population reached a peak at 4.3%. Mixed race people account for 0.5% of the population.

Zimbabwe has only one city with a population over 1 million: Harare, with 1.56 million people. The next largest city is Bulawayo at 703,000. By 2020, it's estimated Zimbabwe's population will exceed 15 million.

Zimbabwe Population in 2017Source: Andrew Balet

About Zimbabwe

Official NameRepublic of Zimbabwe
Languages SpokenKhoisan, Tsonga, Tonga, Chewa, Venda, English, Kalanga, Xhosa, Ndau, Northern Ndebele, Sotho, Tswana, Zimbabwean Sign Language, Shona, Chibarwe
BordersBWA, MOZ, ZAF, ZMB
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude-2030
Currencies UsedZWL

Zimbabwe Population Density

Name Population
Lupane1,200
Mount Darwin6,349
Chakari6,472
Mhangura6,503
Penhalonga7,681
Mvurwi7,970
Inyati8,402
Murehwa8,559
Mutoko9,532
Banket9,641
Glendale9,768
Mazowe9,966
Shamva10,317
Chivhu10,369
Mashava12,994
Gwanda14,450
Shurugwi17,075
Chipinge18,860
Gokwe18,942
Karoi25,030
Kariba25,531
Beitbridge26,459
Chiredzi28,205
Rusape29,292
Redcliff33,197
Hwange33,210
Victoria Falls35,761
Zvishavane35,896
Bindura37,423
Chegutu47,294
Norton52,054
Marondera57,082
Chinhoyi61,739
Masvingo76,290
Kadoma79,174
Kwekwe99,149
Epworth123,250
Gweru146,073
Mutare184,205
Chitungwiza340,360
Bulawayo699,385
Harare1,542,813

Zimbabwe Population Clock

What is the population of Zimbabwe (as of September 13, 2017)?16,347,602
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)16337760
Births Per Day294
Deaths Per Day72
Net Migrations Per Day -89
Net Change Per Day 133
Population Change Since January 1st33,915

Zimbabwe Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 32.921 births/thousand32
Crude Death Rate 8.024 deaths/thousand82
Crude Net Migration Rate -1.975 people/thousand154
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 61.742 years176
Male Life Expectancy 60.142 years176
Female Life Expectancy 63.334 years174
Total Fertility Rate 3.702 children/woman47
Net Reproduction Rate 1.604 surviving daughters/woman49
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.02 males per female199
Infant Mortality Rate 39.837 deaths/1,000 live births47
Under Five Mortality 56.819 deaths/thousand44
Mean Age at Childbearing 27.657 years162
Rate of Natural Increase 24.566 32
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 18.923 %178
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 20.115 %181
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 17.71 %178
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 35.36 %185
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 37.696 %183
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 33.026 %184
Crude Suicide Rate 16.6 suicides/thousand25
Median Age (Total) 20.6 years175
Median Age (Female) 20.8 years176
Median Age (Male) 20.5 years173

Zimbabwe Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
201716,337,76049.262%50.738%421672.27%70
201515,602,75149.271%50.729%401672.31%70
201013,973,89649.414%50.586%361662%70
200512,984,41849.569%50.431%331671.1%68
200012,499,98149.759%50.241%321670.83%64
199511,683,13649.692%50.308%301641.65%63
199010,484,77149.78%50.22%271632.62%64
19858,862,60149.767%50.233%221663.72%73
19807,289,08349.723%50.277%181693.81%75
19756,170,28449.845%50.155%151723.25%79
19705,206,31149.855%50.145%131743.38%80
19654,422,13249.873%50.127%111743.25%84
19603,752,39049.865%50.135%91753.26%87
19553,203,73549.861%50.139%81753.12%91
19502,746,85449.86%50.14%71773%92

Zimbabwe Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
202017,470,70549.279%50.721%451652.14%69
202519,370,25649.308%50.692%501611.99%68
203021,353,49249.351%50.649%551571.88%67
203523,405,44149.381%50.619%601551.77%64
204025,510,33849.398%50.602%651551.64%64
204527,606,48449.4%50.6%711531.48%63
205029,614,67549.393%50.607%761501.29%63
205531,471,60749.381%50.619%811491.11%64
206033,145,61249.368%50.632%851480.94%63
206534,641,98149.358%50.642%891370.8%64
207035,968,96049.354%50.646%921320.68%63
207537,127,53249.351%50.649%951300.57%62
208038,113,00949.339%50.661%981270.46%62
208538,921,51749.316%50.684%1001240.36%61
209039,547,43549.285%50.715%1021210.26%61
209539,990,88649.252%50.748%1031220.17%60
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations