The 2016 presidential election in the United States resulted in Donald Trump being elected as the 45th President of the United States.
The United States uses the Electoral College, a process where the people vote to choose their electors, then a meeting of 538 electors takes place to vote for the presidential candidates, and then Congress counts the electoral votes. A majority of 270 electoral votes is required to elect the President.
A state’s number of electors is identical to the total number of its senators and representatives in Congress. Seven states and Washington D.C. have the minimum of three electors. California has the most electoral votes, with 55, followed by Texas with 38 and New York and Florida is 29 each.
When citizens head to the polls on Election Day, they vote for which candidate they want to win, typically either Democratic or Republican, and then whichever party wins the vote in that state will have its electors sent to cast their votes for that candidate. In all states, except Maine and Nebraska, the party that wins the popular vote gets to send all of its electors to vote. Maine and Nebraska apportion two electoral votes to the winner and the rest of the votes are given to the winner in each of the states’ congressional districts.
In 2016, the state with the highest percentage of Republican voters was West Virginia, with 68% of voters voting Republican. The most Democratic state in the 2016 election was Washington D.C., which voted over 90% Democratic, followed by Hawaii, which voted 62.22% Democratic.